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CCL Carnival Plc

1,066.00
-4.50 (-0.42%)
24 May 2024 - Closed
Delayed by 15 minutes
Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Carnival Plc LSE:CCL London Ordinary Share GB0031215220 ORD USD 1.66
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  -4.50 -0.42% 1,066.00 1,063.50 1,066.00 1,069.00 1,038.50 1,055.00 573,949 16:35:20
Industry Sector Turnover Profit EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap
Water Trans Of Passenger,nec 21.59B -74M -0.0566 -187.99 13.9B

Carnival PLC 1st Quarter Results

27/03/2024 6:28pm

RNS Regulatory News


RNS Number : 5665I
Carnival PLC
27 March 2024
 

March 27, 2024

 

RELEASE OF CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

FOR THE FIRST QUARTER OF 2024

 

Carnival Corporation & plc announced its first quarter results of operations in its earnings release issued on March 27, 2024. Carnival Corporation & plc is hereby announcing that today it has filed its joint Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ("Form 10-Q") with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") containing the Carnival Corporation & plc unaudited consolidated financial statements as of and for the three months ended February 29, 2024.

 

The information included in the Form 10-Q (Schedule A) has been prepared in accordance with SEC rules and regulations. The Carnival Corporation & plc unaudited consolidated financial statements contained in the Form 10-Q have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP").

 

Schedule A contains the Carnival Corporation & plc unaudited consolidated financial statements as of and for the three months ended February 29, 2024, management's discussion and analysis ("MD&A") of financial conditions and results of operations, and information on Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc's sales and purchases of their equity securities and use of proceeds from such sales.

 

The Directors consider that within the Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc dual listed company arrangement, the most appropriate presentation of Carnival plc's results and financial position is by reference to the Carnival Corporation & plc U.S. GAAP unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

MEDIA CONTACT

INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT

Jody Venturoni

Beth Roberts

001 469 797 6380

001 305 406 4832

 

The Form 10-Q is available for viewing on the SEC website at www.sec.gov under Carnival Corporation or Carnival plc or the Carnival Corporation & plc website at www.carnivalcorp.com or www.carnivalplc.com. A copy of the Form 10-Q has been submitted to the National Storage Mechanism and will shortly be available for inspection at https://data.fca.org.uk/#/nsm/nationalstoragemechanism. Additional information can be obtained via Carnival Corporation & plc's website listed above or by writing to Carnival plc at Carnival House, 100 Harbour Parade, Southampton, SO15 1ST, United Kingdom.

 

Carnival Corporation & plc is the largest global cruise company, and among the largest leisure travel companies, with a portfolio of world-class cruise lines - AIDA Cruises, Carnival Cruise Line, Costa Cruises, Cunard, Holland America Line,  P&O Cruises (Australia), P&O Cruises (UK), Princess Cruises, and Seabourn.

 

Additional information can be found on www.carnivalcorp.com, www.aida.de, www.carnival.com, www.costacruise.com, www.cunard.com, www.hollandamerica.com , www.pocruises.com.au, www.pocruises.com, www.princess.com and www.seabourn.com. For more information on Carnival Corporation's industry-leading sustainability initiatives, visit www.carnivalsustainability.com.

 

Schedule A

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions, except per share data)

 


Three Months Ended February 29/28,


2024

 

2023

Revenues

 

 

 

  Passenger ticket

$3,617

 

$2,870

Onboard and other

1,790

 

1,563

 

5,406

 

4,432

Operating Expenses

 

 

 

  Commissions, transportation and other

819

 

655

  Onboard and other

550

 

484

  Payroll and related

623

 

582

  Fuel

505

 

535

  Food

346

 

311

  Other operating

862

 

743

Cruise and tour operating expenses

3,705

 

3,311

Selling and administrative

813

 

712

Depreciation and amortization

613

 

582

 

5,131

 

4,604

Operating Income (Loss)

276

 

(172)

Nonoperating Income (Expense)

 

 

 

 Interest income

33

 

56

 Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

(471)

 

(539)

 Debt extinguishment and modification costs

(33)

 

-

 Other income (expense), net

(18)

 

(30)

 

(489)

 

(514)

Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes

(214)

 

(686)

Income Tax Benefit (Expense), Net

-

 

(7)

Net Income (Loss)

$(214)

 

$(693)

Earnings Per Share

 

 

 

Basic

$(0.17)

 

$(0.55)

Diluted

$(0.17)

 

$(0.55)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)

 


Three Months Ended February 29/28,


2024

 

2023

Net Income (Loss)

$(214)

 

$(693)

Items Included in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

 

 

Change in foreign currency translation adjustment

-

 

(3)

Other

1

 

14

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

1

 

11

Total Comprehensive Income (Loss)

$(213)

 

$(682)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions, except par values)

 


February 29, 2024

 

November 30, 2023

ASSETS

 

 

 

Current Assets

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$2,242

 

$2,415

Trade and other receivables, net

644

 

556

Inventories

531

 

528

Prepaid expenses and other

1,067

 

1,767

  Total current assets

4,484

 

5,266

Property and Equipment, Net

41,515

 

40,116

Operating Lease Right-of-Use Assets, Net

1,238

 

1,265

Goodwill

579

 

579

Other Intangibles

1,168

 

1,169

Other Assets

777

 

725

 

$49,761

 

$49,120

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

Current portion of long-term debt

$2,195

 

$2,089

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

138

 

149

Accounts payable

1,103

 

1,168

Accrued liabilities and other

2,318

 

2,003

Customer deposits

6,642

 

6,072

  Total current liabilities

12,396

 

11,481

Long-Term Debt

28,544

 

28,483

Long-Term Operating Lease Liabilities

1,138

 

1,170

Other Long-Term Liabilities

1,001

 

1,105

Contingencies and Commitments

 

 

 

Shareholders' Equity

 

 

 

Carnival Corporation common stock, $0.01 par value; 1,960 shares authorized; 1,253 shares issued at 2024 and 1,250 shares issued at 2023

13

 

12

Carnival plc ordinary shares, $1.66 par value; 217 shares issued at 2024 and 2023

361

 

361

Additional paid-in capital

16,679

 

16,712

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)

(29)

 

185

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI")

(1,938)

 

(1,939)

Treasury stock, 130 shares at 2024 and 2023 of Carnival Corporation and 73 shares at 2024 and 2023 of Carnival plc, at cost

(8,404)

 

(8,449)

  Total shareholders' equity

6,682

 

6,882

 

$49,761

 

$49,120

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)


Three Months Ended February 29/28,


2024

 

2023

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$(214)

 

$(693)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

613

 

582

(Gain) loss on debt extinguishment

33

 

-

(Income) loss from equity-method investments

3

 

11

Share-based compensation

11

 

9

Amortization of discounts and debt issue costs

36

 

44

Noncash lease expense

34

 

35

Other

16

 

7

 

531

 

(4)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

Receivables

(106)

 

(121)

Inventories

(7)

 

(19)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

634

 

(57)

Accounts payable

(11)

 

(35)

Accrued liabilities and other

108

 

28

Customer deposits

619

 

596

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

1,768

 

388

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

(2,138)

 

(1,075)

Proceeds from sales of ships

-

 

23

Other

(25)

 

8

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

(2,163)

 

(1,044)

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Principal repayments of long-term debt

(1,390)

 

(679)

Debt issuance costs

(77)

 

(40)

Debt extinguishment costs

(31)

 

-

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

1,735

 

830

Other

-

 

(1)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

237

 

111

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(3)

 

(2)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(162)

 

(546)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

2,436

 

6,037

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$2,274

 

$5,491

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)

 

Three Months Ended

 

Common

stock

 

Ordinary

shares

 

Additional

paid-in

capital

 

Retained

earnings

(accumulated deficit)

 

AOCI

 

Treasury

stock

 

Total shareholders' equity

At November 30, 2023

$12

 

$361

 

$16,712

 

$185

 

$(1,939)

 

$(8,449)

 

$6,882

Net income (loss)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(214)

 

-

 

-

 

(214)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

1

Issuance of treasury shares for vested share-based awards

-

 

-

 

(47)

 

-

 

-

 

47

 

-

Share-based compensation and other

-

 

-

 

14

 

-

 

-

 

(2)

 

13

At February 29, 2024

$13

 

$361

 

$16,679

 

$(29)

 

$(1,938)

 

$(8,404)

 

$6,682

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At November 30, 2022

$12

 

$361

 

$16,872

 

$269

 

$(1,982)

 

$(8,468)

 

$7,065

Change in accounting principle (a)

-

 

-

 

(229)

 

(10)

 

-

 

-

 

(239)

Net income (loss)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(693)

 

-

 

-

 

(693)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

11

 

-

 

11

Issuance of treasury shares for vested share-based awards

-

 

-

 

(36)

 

-

 

-

 

36

 

-

Share-based compensation and other

-

 

-

 

28

 

-

 

-

 

(1)

 

27

At February 28, 2023

$12

 

$361

 

$16,635

 

$(434)

 

$(1,972)

 

$(8,433)

 

$6,170

(a)   We adopted the provisions of Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options and Derivative and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity on December 1, 2022.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 1 - General

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc and their respective subsidiaries. Together with their consolidated subsidiaries, they are referred to collectively in these consolidated financial statements and elsewhere in this joint Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as "Carnival Corporation & plc," "our," "us" and "we."

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss), the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the three months ended February 29/28, 2024 and 2023, and the Consolidated Balance Sheet at February 29, 2024 are unaudited and, in the opinion of our management, contain all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") have been condensed or omitted as permitted by such Securities and Exchange Commission rules and regulations. The preparation of our interim consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and disclosed. We have made reasonable estimates and judgments of such items within our financial statements and there may be changes to those estimates in future periods. Our operations are seasonal and results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire year.

 

Our interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in the Carnival Corporation & plc 2023 joint Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Form 10-K") filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on January 26, 2024.

 

For 2023, we reclassified $11 million from restricted cash to prepaid expenses and other in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and $40 million from other financing activities to debt issuance costs in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows to conform to the current year presentation.


Accounting Pronouncements

 

In September 2022, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued guidance, Liabilities-Supplier Finance Programs - Disclosure of Supplier Finance Program Obligations. This guidance requires that a buyer in a supplier finance program disclose sufficient information about the program to allow a user of financial statements to understand the program's nature, activity during the period, changes from period to period, and potential magnitude. On December 1, 2023, we adopted this guidance using the retrospective method for each period presented. The adoption of this guidance had no impact on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

 

In November 2023, the FASB issued guidance, Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. This guidance requires annual and interim disclosure of significant segment expenses that are provided to the chief operating decision maker ("CODM") as well as interim disclosures for all reportable segments' profit or loss and assets. This guidance also requires disclosure of the title and position of the CODM and an explanation of how the CODM uses the reported measures of segment profit or loss in assessing segment performance and deciding how to allocate resources. This guidance is required to be adopted by us in 2025. We are currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

 

Regulatory Update

 

We became subject to the EU Emissions Trading Scheme ("ETS") on January 1, 2024, which includes a three-year phase-in period. The ETS regulates emissions through a "cap and trade" principle, where a cap is set on the total amount of certain emissions that can be emitted and requires us to procure emission allowances for certain emissions inside EU waters (as defined in the ETS). We record emission allowances at cost within prepaid expenses and other or other assets, based on the timing of when they are required to be surrendered. We record expense for emissions inside EU waters within fuel expense in the period incurred. As of February 29, 2024, the cost of allowances purchased and the related expenses were not material.

 

NOTE 2 - Revenue and Expense Recognition

 

Guest cruise deposits and advance onboard purchases are initially included in customer deposits when received. Customer deposits are subsequently recognized as cruise revenues, together with revenues from onboard and other activities, and all associated direct costs and expenses of a voyage are recognized as cruise costs and expenses, upon completion of voyages with durations of ten nights or less and on a pro rata basis for voyages in excess of ten nights. The impact of recognizing these shorter duration cruise revenues and costs and expenses on a completed voyage basis versus on a pro rata basis is not material. Certain of our product offerings are bundled and we allocate the value of the bundled services and goods between passenger ticket revenues and onboard and other revenues based upon the estimated standalone selling prices of those goods and services. Guest cancellation fees, when applicable, are recognized in passenger ticket revenues at the time of cancellation.

 

Our sales to guests of air and other transportation to and from airports near the home ports of our ships are included in passenger ticket revenues, and the related costs of these services are included in prepaid expenses and other when paid prior to the start of a voyage and are subsequently recognized in transportation costs at the time of revenue recognition. The cost of prepaid air and other transportation costs at February 29, 2024 and November 30, 2023 were $273 million and $253 million. The proceeds that we collect from the sales of third-party shore excursions are included in onboard and other revenues and the related costs are included in onboard and other costs. The amounts collected on behalf of our onboard concessionaires, net of the amounts remitted to them, are included in onboard and other revenues as concession revenues. All of these amounts are recognized on a completed voyage or pro rata basis as discussed above.

 

Passenger ticket revenues include fees, taxes and charges collected by us from our guests. The fees, taxes and charges that vary with guest head counts are expensed in commissions, transportation and other costs when the corresponding revenues are recognized. The remaining portion of fees, taxes and charges are generally expensed in other operating expenses when the corresponding revenues are recognized.

 

Revenues and expenses from our hotel and transportation operations, which are included in our Tour and Other segment, are recognized at the time the services are performed.

 

Customer Deposits

 

Our payment terms generally require an initial deposit to confirm a reservation, with the balance due prior to the voyage. Cash received from guests in advance of the cruise is recorded in customer deposits and in other long-term liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. These amounts include refundable deposits. In certain situations, we have provided flexibility to guests by allowing guests to rebook at a future date, receive future cruise credits ("FCCs") or elect to receive refunds in cash. We record a liability for FCCs to the extent we have received and not refunded cash from guests for cancelled bookings. We had total customer deposits of $7.0 billion as of February 29, 2024 and $6.4 billion as of November 30, 2023, which includes approximately $110 million of unredeemed FCCs as of February 29, 2024, of which approximately $88 million are refundable. At February 28, 2023, we had approximately $174 million of unredeemed FCCs, of which $124 million were refundable. During the three months ended February 29/28, 2024 and 2023, we recognized revenues of $3.5 billion and $2.8 billion related to our customer deposits as of November 30, 2023 and 2022. Our customer deposits balance changes due to the seasonal nature of cash collections, which typically results from higher ticket prices and occupancy levels during the third quarter, the recognition of revenue, refunds of customer deposits and foreign currency changes.

 

Trade and Other Receivables

 

Although we generally require full payment from our customers prior to or concurrently with their cruise, we grant credit terms to a relatively small portion of our revenue source. We have receivables from credit card merchants and travel agents for cruise ticket purchases and onboard revenue. These receivables are included within trade and other receivables, net and are less allowances for expected credit losses. We have agreements with a number of credit card processors that transact customer deposits related to our cruise vacations. Certain of these agreements allow the credit card processors to request, under certain circumstances, that we provide a capped reserve fund in cash.

 

Contract Costs

 

We recognize incremental travel agent commissions and credit and debit card fees incurred as a result of obtaining the ticket contract as assets when paid prior to the start of a voyage. We record these amounts within prepaid expenses and other and subsequently recognize these amounts as commissions, transportation and other at the time of revenue recognition or at the time of voyage cancellation. We had incremental costs of obtaining contracts with customers recognized as assets of $328 million as of February 29, 2024 and $294 million as of November 30, 2023.

 

NOTE 3 - Debt

 

 

 

 

February 29,

 

November 30,

(in millions)

Maturity

 

Rate (a) (b)

 

2024

 

2023

Secured Subsidiary Guaranteed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

Jun 2027

 

7.9%

 

$192

 

$192

Notes (c)

Aug 2027

 

9.9%

 

-

 

623

Notes

Aug 2028

 

4.0%

 

2,406

 

2,406

Notes

Aug 2029

 

7.0%

 

500

 

500

Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR floating rate (d)

Jun 2025

 

EURIBOR + 3.8%

 

837

 

851

Floating rate

Aug 2027 - Oct 2028

 

SOFR + 3.0 - 3.4% (e)

 

3,558

 

3,567

          Total Secured Subsidiary Guaranteed

 

 

 

7,493

 

8,138

Senior Priority Subsidiary Guaranteed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

May 2028

 

10.4%

 

2,030

 

2,030

Unsecured Subsidiary Guaranteed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible Notes

Oct 2024

 

5.8%

 

426

 

426

Notes

Mar 2026

 

7.6%

 

1,351

 

1,351

EUR Notes

Mar 2026

 

7.6%

 

542

 

550

Notes (c)

Mar 2027

 

5.8%

 

2,725

 

3,100

Convertible Notes

Dec 2027

 

5.8%

 

1,131

 

1,131

Notes

May 2029

 

6.0%

 

2,000

 

2,000

Notes

Jun 2030

 

10.5%

 

1,000

 

1,000

Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR floating rate

Apr 2024 - Mar 2026

 

EURIBOR + 2.4 - 4.0%

 

624

 

678

Export Credit Facilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Floating rate

Dec 2031

 

SOFR + 1.2% (e)

 

549

 

583

Fixed rate

Aug 2027 - Dec 2032

 

2.4 - 3.4%

 

2,677

 

2,756

EUR floating rate

May 2024 - Nov 2034

 

EURIBOR + 0.2 - 0.8%

 

2,957

 

3,086

EUR fixed rate

Feb 2031 - Jul 2037

 

1.1 - 4.0%

 

5,197

 

3,652

          Total Unsecured Subsidiary Guaranteed

 

 

 

21,179

 

20,312

Unsecured Notes (No Subsidiary Guarantee)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

Jan 2028

 

6.7%

 

200

 

200

EUR Notes

Oct 2029

 

1.0%

 

651

 

659

          Total Unsecured Notes (No Subsidiary Guarantee)

 

 

 

851

 

859

Total Debt

 

 

 

 

31,552

 

31,339

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts

 

 

 

 

(813)

 

(768)

Total Debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts

 

 

 

 

30,739

 

30,572

Less: current portion of long-term debt

 

 

 

 

(2,195)

 

(2,089)

Long-Term Debt

 

 

 

 

$28,544

 

$28,483

 

(a)   The reference rates, together with any applicable credit adjustment spread, for substantially all of our variable debt have 0.0% to 0.75% floors.

(b)   The above debt table excludes the impact of any outstanding derivative contracts.

(c)   See "Extinguishments" below.

(d)   Subsequent to February 29, 2024, we prepaid $837 million of principal payments for our Euro floating rate loan originally scheduled to mature in 2025.

(e)   Includes applicable credit adjustment spread.

 

Carnival Corporation and/or Carnival plc is the primary obligor of all our outstanding debt excluding the following:

 

In addition, Carnival Holdings (Bermuda) II Limited ("Carnival Holdings II") will be the primary obligor under a $2.5 billion multi-currency revolving facility ("New Revolving Facility") when the New Revolving Facility replaces our Revolving Facility upon its maturity in August 2024. See "Revolving Facilities."

 

All of our outstanding debt is issued or guaranteed by substantially the same entities with the exception of the following:

 

As of February 29, 2024, the scheduled maturities of our debt are as follows:

(in millions)

 

 

Year

 

Principal Payments

Remainder of 2024

 

$1,719

2025 (a)

 

2,350

2026

 

3,323

2027

 

5,457

2028

 

9,115

Thereafter

 

9,588

Total

 

$31,552

 

(a)   Subsequent to February 29, 2024, we prepaid $837 million of our euro floating rate loan originally scheduled to mature in 2025.

 

Revolving Facilities

 

We had $3.0 billion available for borrowing under our Revolving Facility as of February 29, 2024. We may continue to borrow or otherwise utilize available amounts under the Revolving Facility through August 2024, subject to satisfaction of the conditions in the facility.

 

Carnival Holdings II has a $2.5 billion New Revolving Facility which may be utilized from August 2024 through August 2027, replacing our Revolving Facility upon its maturity in August 2024. The New Revolving Facility was extended from 2025 to 2027 and contains an accordion feature, which Carnival Holdings II partially exercised in February 2024 to increase commitments from $2.1 billion to $2.5 billion. The accordion feature allows for further additional commitments not to exceed the aggregate commitments under our Revolving Facility.

 

Extinguishments

 

During the three months ended February 29, 2024, we extinguished an aggregate principal amount of $998 million of our 5.8% senior notes and 9.9% second-priority secured notes due 2027.

 

Export Credit Facility Borrowings

 

During the three months ended February 29, 2024, we borrowed $1.7 billion under export credit facilities due in semi-annual installments through 2036. As of February 29, 2024, the net book value of the vessels subject to negative pledges was $18.1 billion.

 

Collateral and Priority Pool

 

As of February 29, 2024, the net book value of our ships and ship improvements, excluding ships under construction, is $39.3 billion. Our secured debt is secured on a first-priority basis by certain collateral, which includes vessels and certain assets related to those vessels and material intellectual property (combined net book value of approximately $23.0 billion, including $21.3 billion related to vessels and certain assets related to those vessels) as of February 29, 2024 and certain other assets.

 

As of February 29, 2024, $8.1 billion in net book value of our ships and ship improvements relate to the priority pool vessels included in the priority pool of 12 unencumbered vessels (the "Senior Priority Notes Subject Vessels") for our 2028 Senior Priority Notes and $2.9 billion in net book value of our ship and ship improvements relate to the priority pool vessels included in the priority pool of three unencumbered vessels (the "New Revolving Facility Vessels") for our New Revolving Facility. As of February 29, 2024, there was no change in the identity of the Senior Priority Notes Subject Vessels or the New Revolving Facility Vessels.

 

Covenant Compliance

 

As of March 26, 2024, our Revolving Facility, New Revolving Facility, unsecured loans and export credit facilities contain certain covenants listed below:

 

•      Maintain minimum interest coverage (adjusted EBITDA to consolidated net interest charges, as defined in the agreements) (the "Interest Coverage Covenant") as follows:

◦      For certain of our unsecured loans and our New Revolving Facility, from the end of each fiscal quarter from August 31, 2024, at a ratio of not less than 2.0 to 1.0 for each testing date occurring from August 31, 2024 until May 31, 2025, at a ratio of not less than 2.5 to 1.0 for the August 31, 2025 and November 30, 2025 testing dates, and at a ratio of not less than 3.0 to 1.0 for the February 28, 2026 testing date onwards and as applicable through their respective maturity dates.

◦      For our export credit facilities, from the end of each fiscal quarter from May 31, 2024, at a ratio of not less than 2.0 to 1.0 for each testing date occurring from May 31, 2024 until May 31, 2025, at a ratio of not less than 2.5 to 1.0 for the August 31, 2025 and November 30, 2025 testing dates, and at a ratio of not less than 3.0 to 1.0 for the February 28, 2026 testing date onwards.

•      For certain of our unsecured loans and export credit facilities, maintain minimum issued capital and consolidated reserves (as defined in the agreements) of $5.0 billion.

•      Limit our debt to capital (as defined in the agreements) percentage to a percentage not to exceed 67.5% for the February 29, 2024 testing date, following which it will be tested at 65% from the May 31, 2024 testing date onwards.

•      Maintain minimum liquidity of $1.5 billion.

•      Adhere to certain restrictive covenants through August 2027 (subject to such covenants terminating if the Company reaches an investment grade credit rating in accordance with the agreement governing the New Revolving Facility).

 

At February 29, 2024, we were in compliance with the applicable covenants under our debt agreements. Generally, if an event of default under any debt agreement occurs, then, pursuant to cross-default and/or cross-acceleration clauses therein, substantially all of our outstanding debt and derivative contract payables could become due, and our debt and derivative contracts could be terminated. Any financial covenant amendment may lead to increased costs, increased interest rates, additional restrictive covenants and other available lender protections that would be applicable.

 

NOTE 4 - Contingencies and Commitments

 

Litigation

 

We are routinely involved in legal proceedings, claims, disputes, regulatory matters and governmental inspections or investigations arising in the ordinary course of or incidental to our business, including those noted below. Additionally, as a result of the impact of COVID-19, litigation claims, enforcement actions, regulatory actions and investigations, including, but not limited to, those arising from personal injury and loss of life, have been and may, in the future, be asserted against us. We expect many of these claims and actions, or any settlement of these claims and actions, to be covered by insurance and historically the maximum amount of our liability, net of any insurance recoverables, has been limited to our self-insurance retention levels.

 

We record provisions in the consolidated financial statements for pending litigation when we determine that an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.

 

Legal proceedings and government investigations are subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable rulings or other events could occur. Unfavorable resolutions could involve substantial monetary damages. In addition, in matters for which conduct remedies are sought, unfavorable resolutions could include an injunction or other order prohibiting us from selling one or more products at all or in particular ways, precluding particular business practices or requiring other remedies. An unfavorable outcome might result in a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

 

As previously disclosed, on May 2, 2019, the Havana Docks Corporation filed a lawsuit against Carnival Corporation in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida under Title III of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act, also known as the Helms-Burton Act, alleging that Carnival Corporation "trafficked" in confiscated Cuban property when certain ships docked at certain ports in Cuba, and that this alleged "trafficking" entitles the plaintiffs to treble damages. On March 21, 2022, the court granted summary judgment in favor of Havana Docks Corporation as to liability. On December 30, 2022, the court entered judgment against Carnival Corporation in the amount of $110 million plus $4 million in fees and costs. We have filed an appeal. Oral argument has been scheduled for May 17, 2024.

 

COVID-19 Actions

 

We have been named in a number of individual actions related to COVID-19. These actions include tort claims based on a variety of theories, including negligence and failure to warn. The plaintiffs in these actions allege a variety of injuries: some plaintiffs confined their claim to emotional distress, while others allege injuries arising from testing positive for COVID-19. A smaller number of actions include wrongful death claims. Substantially all of these individual actions have now been dismissed or settled for immaterial amounts.

 

As of February 29, 2024, two purported class actions brought against us by former guests in the Federal Court in Australia and in Italy remain pending. These actions include claims based on a variety of theories, including negligence, gross negligence and failure to warn, physical injuries and severe emotional distress associated with being exposed to and/or contracting COVID-19 onboard our ships. On October 24, 2023, the court in the Australian matter held that we were liable for negligence and for breach of consumer protection warranties as it relates to the lead plaintiff. The court ruled that the lead plaintiff was not entitled to any pain and suffering or emotional distress damages on the negligence claim and awarded medical costs. In relation to the consumer protection warranties claim, the court found that distress and disappointment damages amounted to no more than the refund already provided to guests and therefore made no further award. Further proceedings will determine the applicability of this ruling to the remaining class participants. Additionally, on December 6, 2023, the High Court of Australia ruled on appeal that United States and United Kingdom passengers were properly included in the class, regardless of the ticket contract terms applicable to those passengers. We believe the ultimate outcome of these matters will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

All COVID-19 matters seek monetary damages and most seek additional punitive damages in unspecified amounts.

 

We continue to take actions to defend against the above claims.

 

Regulatory or Governmental Inquiries and Investigations

 

We have been, and may continue to be, impacted by breaches in data security and lapses in data privacy, which occur from time to time. These can vary in scope and range from inadvertent events to malicious motivated attacks.

 

We have incurred legal and other costs in connection with cyber incidents that have impacted us. The penalties and settlements paid in connection with cyber incidents over recent years were not material. While these incidents did not have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial position or liquidity, no assurances can be given about the future and we may be subject to future attacks, incidents or litigation that could have such a material adverse effect.

 

On March 14, 2022, the U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency notified us of potential civil penalties and injunctive relief for alleged Clean Water Act violations by owned and operated vessels covered by the 2013 Vessel General Permit. We are working with these agencies to reach a resolution of this matter. We believe the ultimate outcome will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Other Contingent Obligations

Some of the debt contracts we enter into include indemnification provisions obligating us to make payments to the counterparty if certain events occur. These contingencies generally relate to changes in taxes or changes in laws which increase the lender's costs. There are no stated or notional amounts included in the indemnification clauses, and we are not able to estimate the maximum potential amount of future payments, if any, under these indemnification clauses.

 

We have agreements with a number of credit card processors that transact customer deposits related to our cruise vacations. Certain of these agreements allow the credit card processors to request, under certain circumstances, that we provide a capped reserve fund in cash. Although the agreements vary, these requirements may generally be satisfied either through a withheld percentage of customer payments or providing cash funds directly to the credit card processor.

 

As of February 29, 2024 and November 30, 2023, we had $25 million and $844 million in reserve funds. Additionally, as of February 29, 2024 and November 30, 2023, we had $158 million in compensating deposits we are required to maintain. These balances are included within other assets as of February 29, 2024.

 

Ship Commitments

 

As of February 29, 2024, and including commitments entered into subsequent to February 29, 2024 (contingent on financing which is expected to be completed in 2024), our new ship growth capital commitments were $0.8 billion for the remainder of 2024 and $0.9 billion, $0.3 billion, $1.2 billion and $1.0 billion for the years ending November 30, 2025, 2026, 2027 and 2028.

 

NOTE 5 - Fair Value Measurements, Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities and Financial Risks

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the amount that would be received for selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and is measured using inputs in one of the following three categories:

•      Level 1 measurements are based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access. Valuation of these items does not entail a significant amount of judgment.

•      Level 2 measurements are based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active or market data other than quoted prices that are observable for the assets or liabilities.

•      Level 3 measurements are based on unobservable data that are supported by little or no market activity and are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

Considerable judgment may be required in interpreting market data used to develop the estimates of fair value. Accordingly, certain estimates of fair value presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current or future market exchange.

 

Financial Instruments that are not Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis 


February 29, 2024

 

November 30, 2023


Carrying

Value

 

Fair Value

 

Carrying

Value

 

Fair Value

(in millions)

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed rate debt (a)

$23,027

 

$-

 

$22,733

 

$-

 

$22,575

 

$-

 

$21,503

 

$-

Floating rate debt (a)

8,525

 

-

 

8,289

 

-

 

8,764

 

-

 

8,225

 

-

Total

$31,552

 

$-

 

$31,022

 

$-

 

$31,339

 

$-

 

$29,728

 

$-

 

(a)         The debt amounts above do not include the impact of interest rate swaps or debt issuance costs and discounts. The fair values of our publicly-traded notes were based on their unadjusted quoted market prices in markets that are not sufficiently active to be Level 1 and, accordingly, are considered Level 2. The fair values of our other debt were estimated based on current market interest rates being applied to this debt.

 

Financial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis


February 29, 2024

 

November 30, 2023

(in millions)

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents (a)

$983

 

$-

 

$-

 

$1,021

 

$-

 

$-

Derivative financial instruments

-

 

22

 

-

 

-

 

22

 

-

Total

$983

 

$22

 

$-

 

$1,021

 

$22

 

$-

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial instruments

$-

 

$10

 

$-

 

$-

 

$28

 

$-

Total

$-

 

$10

 

$-

 

$-

 

$28

 

$-

 

(a)         Consists of money market funds and cash investments with original maturities of less than 90 days.

 

Nonfinancial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

Valuation of Goodwill and Trademarks 

As of February 29, 2024 and November 30, 2023, goodwill for our North America and Australia ("NAA") segment was $579 million.

 

Trademarks

(in millions)

NAA

Segment

 

Europe

Segment

 

Total

November 30, 2023

$927

 

$237

 

$1,164

Exchange movements

-

 

(1)

 

(1)

February 29, 2024

$927

 

$236

 

$1,163

 

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

(in millions)

Balance Sheet Location

 

February 29, 2024

 

November 30, 2023

Derivative assets

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps (a)

Other assets

 

$21

 

$22

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps (a)

Prepaid expenses and other

 

1

 

1

Total derivative assets

 

 

$22

 

$22

Derivative liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps (b)

Other long-term liabilities

 

$-

 

$12

Interest rate swaps (a)

Other long-term liabilities

 

10

 

16

Total derivative liabilities

 

 

$10

 

$28

 

(a)         We have interest rate swaps whereby we receive floating interest rate payments in exchange for making fixed interest rate payments. These interest rate swap agreements effectively changed $46 million at February 29, 2024 and November 30, 2023 of EURIBOR-based floating rate euro debt to fixed rate euro debt, and $2.5 billion at February 29, 2024 of SOFR-based variable rate debt to fixed rate debt. As of February 29, 2024 and November 30, 2023, the EURIBOR-based interest rate swaps settle through 2025 and were not designated as cash flow hedges; the SOFR-based interest rate swaps settle through 2027 and were designated as cash flow hedges.

(b)         At November 30, 2023, we had a cross currency swap with a notional amount of $670 million that was designated as a hedge of our net investment in foreign operations with euro-denominated functional currencies. This cross currency swap was terminated in January 2024.

 

Our derivative contracts include rights of offset with our counterparties. As of February 29, 2024 and November 30, 2023, there was no netting for our derivative assets and liabilities. The amounts that were not offset in the balance sheet were not material.

 

The effect of our derivatives qualifying and designated as hedging instruments recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) and in net income (loss) was as follows:


Three Months Ended

February 29/28,

(in millions)

2024

 

2023

Gains (losses) recognized in AOCI:

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps - net investment hedges - included component

$-

 

$15

Cross currency swaps - net investment hedges - excluded component

$-

 

$(4)

Interest rate swaps - cash flow hedges

$13

 

$14

(Gains) losses reclassified from AOCI - cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps - Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

$(11)

 

$(1)

Gains (losses) recognized on derivative instruments (amount excluded from effectiveness testing - net investment hedges)

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps - Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

$2

 

$1

 

The amount of gains and losses on derivatives not designated as hedging instruments recognized in earnings during the three months ended February 29, 2024 and estimated cash flow hedges' unrealized gains and losses that are expected to be reclassified to earnings in the next twelve months are not material.

 

Financial Risks

Fuel Price Risks

We manage our exposure to fuel price risk by managing our consumption of fuel. Substantially all of our exposure to market risk for changes in fuel prices relates to the consumption of fuel on our ships. We manage fuel consumption through fleet optimization, energy efficiency, itinerary efficiency and new technologies and alternative fuels.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risks

Overall Strategy

We manage our exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates through our normal operating and financing activities, including netting certain exposures to take advantage of any natural offsets and, when considered appropriate, through the use of derivative and non-derivative financial instruments. Our primary focus is to monitor our exposure to, and manage, the economic foreign currency exchange risks faced by our operations and realized if we exchange one currency for another. We consider hedging certain of our ship commitments and net investments in foreign operations. The financial impacts of our hedging instruments generally offset the changes in the underlying exposures being hedged.

 

Operational Currency Risks

 

Our operations primarily utilize the U.S. dollar, Euro, Sterling or the Australian dollar as their functional currencies. Our operations also have revenue and expenses denominated in non-functional currencies. Movements in foreign currency exchange rates affect our financial statements.

 

Investment Currency Risks

 

We consider our investments in foreign operations to be denominated in stable currencies and of a long-term nature. We have euro-denominated debt which provides an economic offset for our operations with euro functional currency. In addition, we have in the past and may in the future utilize derivative financial instruments, such as cross currency swaps, to manage our exposure to investment currency risks.

Newbuild Currency Risks

 

Our shipbuilding contracts are typically denominated in euros. Our decision to hedge a non-functional currency ship commitment for our cruise brands is made on a case-by-case basis, considering the amount and duration of the exposure, market volatility, economic trends, our overall expected net cash flows by currency and other offsetting risks.

At February 29, 2024, our remaining newbuild currency exchange rate risk relates to euro-denominated newbuild contract payments for non-euro functional currency brands, which represent a total unhedged commitment of $2.8 billion for newbuilds scheduled to be delivered through 2027.

The cost of shipbuilding orders that we may place in the future that are denominated in a different currency than our cruise brands' functional currency will be affected by foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. These foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations may affect our decision to order new cruise ships.

 

Interest Rate Risks

 

We manage our exposure to fluctuations in interest rates through our debt portfolio management and investment strategies. We evaluate our debt portfolio to determine whether to make periodic adjustments to the mix of fixed and floating rate debt through the use of interest rate swaps and the issuance of new debt.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

As part of our ongoing control procedures, we monitor concentrations of credit risk associated with financial and other institutions with which we conduct significant business. We seek to manage these credit risk exposures, including counterparty nonperformance primarily associated with our cash and cash equivalents, investments, notes receivables, reserve funds related to customer deposits, future financing facilities, contingent obligations, derivative instruments, insurance contracts and new ship progress payment guarantees, by:

 

 

We also monitor the creditworthiness of travel agencies and tour operators in Australia and Europe and credit and debit card providers to which we extend credit in the normal course of our business. Our credit exposure also includes contingent obligations related to cash payments received directly by travel agents and tour operators for cash collected by them on cruise sales in Australia and most of Europe where we are obligated to honor our guests' cruise payments made by them to their travel agents and tour operators regardless of whether we have received these payments.

 

Concentrations of credit risk associated with trade receivables and other receivables, charter-hire agreements and contingent obligations are not considered to be material, principally due to the large number of unrelated accounts, the nature of these contingent obligations and their short maturities. Normally, we have not required collateral or other security to support normal credit sales and have not experienced significant credit losses.

 

NOTE 6 - Segment Information

 

The chief operating decision maker, who is the President, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Climate Officer of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc assesses performance and makes decisions to allocate resources for Carnival Corporation & plc based upon review of the results across all of our segments. The operating segments within each of our reportable segments have been aggregated based on the similarity of their economic and other characteristics, including geographic guest sourcing. Our four reportable segments are comprised of (1) NAA cruise operations, (2) Europe cruise operations ("Europe"), (3) Cruise Support and (4) Tour and Other.

Our Cruise Support segment includes our portfolio of leading port destinations and exclusive islands as well as other services, all of which are operated for the benefit of our cruise brands. Our Tour and Other segment represents the hotel and transportation operations of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours and other operations.

 

Three Months Ended February 29/28,

(in millions)

Revenues

 

Operating costs and

expenses

 

Selling

and

administrative

 

Depreciation

and

amortization

 

Operating

income (loss)

2024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$3,574

 

$2,402

 

$502

 

$398

 

$272

Europe

1,769

 

1,251

 

234

 

164

 

119

Cruise Support

59

 

36

 

73

 

45

 

(95)

Tour and Other

4

 

15

 

4

 

6

 

(21)

 

$5,406

 

$3,705

 

$813

 

$613

 

$276

2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$3,078

 

$2,189

 

$440

 

$363

 

$86

Europe

1,294

 

1,078

 

213

 

169

 

(166)

Cruise Support

51

 

25

 

53

 

42

 

(69)

Tour and Other

9

 

18

 

5

 

7

 

(21)

 

$4,432

 

$3,311

 

$712

 

$582

 

$(172)

Revenue by geographic areas, which are based on where our guests are sourced, were as follows:

 

Three Months Ended

February 29/28,

(in millions)

2024

 

2023

North America

$3,121

 

$2,696

Europe

1,567

 

1,187

Australia

425

 

338

Other

293

 

211

 

$5,406

 

$4,432

 

NOTE 7 - Earnings Per Share 


Three Months Ended

February 29/28,

(in millions, except per share data)

2024

 

2023

Net income (loss) for basic and diluted earnings per share

$(214)

 

$(693)

Weighted-average shares outstanding

1,264

 

1,260

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding

1,264

 

1,260

Basic earnings per share

$(0.17)

 

$(0.55)

Diluted earnings per share

$(0.17)

 

$(0.55)

 

Antidilutive shares excluded from diluted earnings per share computations were as follows:

 

Three Months Ended

February 29/28,

(in millions)

2024

 

2023

Equity awards

6

 

1

Convertible Notes

127

 

137

Total antidilutive securities

133

 

138

 

NOTE 8 - Supplemental Cash Flow Information

 

(in millions)

February 29, 2024

 

November 30, 2023

Cash and cash equivalents (Consolidated Balance Sheets)

$2,242

 

$2,415

Restricted cash (included in prepaid expenses and other and other assets)

32

 

21

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows)

$2,274

 

$2,436

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results

 

Some of the statements, estimates or projections contained in this document are "forward-looking statements" that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions with respect to us, including some statements concerning future results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, reputation, cash flows, liquidity and other events which have not yet occurred. These statements are intended to qualify for the safe harbors from liability provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical facts are statements that could be deemed forward-looking. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and the industry in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. We have tried, whenever possible, to identify these statements by using words like "will," "may," "could," "should," "would," "believe," "depends," "expect," "goal," "aspiration," "anticipate," "forecast," "project," "future," "intend," "plan," "estimate," "target," "indicate," "outlook," and similar expressions of future intent or the negative of such terms.

 

Forward-looking statements include those statements that relate to our outlook and financial position including, but not limited to, statements regarding:

•      Pricing

•      Adjusted net income (loss)

•      Booking levels

•      Adjusted EBITDA

•      Occupancy

•      Adjusted earnings per share

•      Interest, tax and fuel expenses

•      Adjusted free cash flow

•      Currency exchange rates

•      Net per diems

•      Goodwill, ship and trademark fair values

•      Net yields

•      Liquidity and credit ratings

•      Adjusted cruise costs per ALBD

•      Investment grade leverage metrics

•      Adjusted cruise costs excluding fuel per ALBD

•      Estimates of ship depreciable lives and residual values

•      Adjusted return on invested capital

Because forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, there are many factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements. This note contains important cautionary statements of the known factors that we consider could materially affect the accuracy of our forward-looking statements and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial position. Additionally, many of these risks and uncertainties are currently, and in the future may continue to be, amplified by our substantial debt balance incurred during the pause of our guest cruise operations. There may be additional risks that we consider immaterial or which are unknown. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

•      Events and conditions around the world, including geopolitical uncertainty, war and other military actions, inflation, higher fuel prices, higher interest rates and other general concerns impacting the ability or desire of people to travel have led, and may in the future lead, to a decline in demand for cruises as well as negative impacts to our operating costs and profitability.

•      Pandemics have in the past and may in the future have a significant negative impact on our financial condition and operations.

•      Incidents concerning our ships, guests or the cruise industry have in the past and may, in the future, negatively impact the satisfaction of our guests and crew and lead to reputational damage.

•      Changes in and non-compliance with laws and regulations under which we operate, such as those relating to health, environment, safety and security, data privacy and protection, anti-money laundering, anti-corruption, economic sanctions, trade protection, labor and employment, and tax may be costly and have in the past and may, in the future, lead to litigation, enforcement actions, fines, penalties and reputational damage.

•      Factors associated with climate change, including evolving and increasing regulations, increasing global concern about climate change and the shift in climate conscious consumerism and stakeholder scrutiny, and increasing frequency and/or severity of adverse weather conditions could adversely affect our business.

•      Inability to meet or achieve our targets, goals, aspirations, initiatives, and our public statements and disclosures regarding them, including those that are related to sustainability matters, may expose us to risks that may adversely impact our business.

•      Breaches in data security and lapses in data privacy as well as disruptions and other damages to our principal offices, information technology operations and system networks and failure to keep pace with developments in technology may adversely impact our business operations, the satisfaction of our guests and crew and may lead to reputational damage.

•      The loss of key team members, our inability to recruit or retain qualified shoreside and shipboard team members and increased labor costs could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

•      Increases in fuel prices, changes in the types of fuel consumed and availability of fuel supply may adversely impact our scheduled itineraries and costs.

•      We rely on supply chain vendors who are integral to the operations of our businesses. These vendors and service providers may be unable to deliver on their commitments, which could negatively impact our business.

•      Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may adversely impact our financial results.

•      Overcapacity and competition in the cruise and land-based vacation industry may negatively impact our cruise sales, pricing and destination options.

•      Inability to implement our shipbuilding programs and ship repairs, maintenance and refurbishments may adversely impact our business operations and the satisfaction of our guests.

•      We require a significant amount of cash to service our debt and sustain our operations. Our ability to generate cash depends on many factors, including those beyond our control, and we may not be able to generate cash required to service our debt and sustain our operations.

•      Our substantial debt could adversely affect our financial health and operating flexibility.

 

The ordering of the risk factors set forth above is not intended to reflect our indication of priority or likelihood.

 

Forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. Subject to any continuing obligations under applicable law or any relevant stock exchange rules, we expressly disclaim any obligation to disseminate, after the date of this document, any updates or revisions to any such forward-looking statements to reflect any change in expectations or events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements are based.

 

Forward-looking and other statements in this document may also address our sustainability progress, plans, and goals (including climate change and environmental-related matters). In addition, historical, current, and forward-looking sustainability- and climate-related statements may be based on standards and tools for measuring progress that are still developing, internal controls and processes that continue to evolve, and assumptions and predictions that are subject to change in the future and may not be generally shared.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

Refer to Note 1 - "General, Accounting Pronouncements" of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion regarding Accounting Pronouncements.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

For a discussion of our critical accounting estimates, see "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" that is included in the Form 10-K.

 

Seasonality

 

Our passenger ticket revenues are seasonal. Demand for cruises has been greatest during our third quarter, which includes the Northern Hemisphere summer months. This higher demand during the third quarter results in higher ticket prices and occupancy levels and, accordingly, the largest share of our operating income is typically earned during this period. Our results are also impacted by ships being taken out-of-service for planned maintenance, which we schedule during non-peak seasons. In addition, substantially all of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours' revenue and operating income is generated from May through September in conjunction with Alaska's cruise season.

 

Known Trends and Uncertainties

 

•       We believe the volatility in the price of fuel and foreign currency exchange rates are reasonably likely to impact our profitability.

•      We believe a global minimum tax could affect us in 2026, with the potential for a one-year deferral. Prior to any mitigating actions, we believe the annual impact could be approximately $200 million. We continue to evaluate the impact of these rules and are currently evaluating a variety of mitigating actions to minimize the impact. The application of the rules continues to evolve, and its outcome may alter our tax obligations in certain countries in which we operate.

•      We believe the increasing global focus on climate change, including the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and new and evolving regulatory requirements, is reasonably likely to have a material negative impact on our future financial results. We became subject to the EU ETS on January 1, 2024, which includes a three-year phase-in period. The impact in 2024 will be approximately $50 million.

 

Statistical Information

 

Three Months Ended
February 29/28,

 

2024

 

2023

Passenger Cruise Days ("PCDs") (in millions) (a)

23.5

 

20.2

Available Lower Berth Days ("ALBDs") (in millions) (b) (c)

23.0

 

22.1

Occupancy percentage (d)

102%

 

91%

Passengers carried (in millions)

3.0

 

2.7

 

 

 

 

Fuel consumption in metric tons (in millions)

0.7

 

0.7

Fuel consumption in metric tons per thousand ALBDs

31.8

 

33.4

Fuel cost per metric ton consumed (excluding European Union Allowance ("EUA"))

$686

 

$730

EUA cost per metric ton of emissions

$81

 

$-

EUA expense (in millions)

$3

 

$-

 

 

 

 

Currencies (USD to 1)

 

 

 

AUD

$0.66

 

$0.69

CAD

$0.74

 

$0.74

EUR

$1.09

 

$1.07

GBP

$1.27

 

$1.22

 

Notes to Statistical Information

 

(a)   PCD represents the number of cruise passengers on a voyage multiplied by the number of revenue-producing ship operating days for that voyage.

 

(b)   ALBD is a standard measure of passenger capacity for the period that we use to approximate rate and capacity variances, based on consistently applied formulas that we use to perform analyses to determine the main non-capacity driven factors that cause our cruise revenues and expenses to vary. ALBDs assume that each cabin we offer for sale accommodates two passengers and is computed by multiplying passenger capacity by revenue-producing ship operating days in the period.

 

(c)   For the three months ended February 29, 2024 compared to the three months ended February 28, 2023, we had a 4.2% capacity increase in ALBDs comprised of a 3.1% capacity increase in our NAA segment and a 6.1% capacity increase in our Europe segment.

 

Our NAA segment's capacity increase was caused by the impacts from:

•      One Carnival Cruise Line 4,090-passenger capacity ship transferred from Costa Cruises and entered into service in May 2023

•      One Seabourn 260-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in July 2023

•      One Carnival Cruise Line 5,360-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in December 2023

•      One Princess Cruises 4,310-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in February 2024

 

The increase in our NAA segment's capacity was partially offset by more ship dry-dock days in 2024 compared to 2023.

 

Our Europe segment's capacity increase was caused by the impacts from:

•      The return to service of two ships as part of the completion of our return to guest cruise operations

•      One P&O Cruises (UK) 5,280-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in December 2022


The increase in our Europe segment's capacity was partially offset by the impacts from:

•      One Costa Cruises 4,090-passenger capacity ship that was transferred to Carnival Cruise Line in March 2023

•      One AIDA Cruises 1,270-passenger capacity ship removed from service in November 2023

•      One Costa Cruises 4,240-passenger capacity ship that was transferred to Carnival Cruise Line in February 2024 and is scheduled to enter service in April 2024

 

(d)   Occupancy, in accordance with cruise industry practice, is calculated using a numerator of PCDs and a denominator of ALBDs, which assumes two passengers per cabin even though some cabins can accommodate three or more passengers. Percentages in excess of 100% indicate that on average more than two passengers occupied some cabins.

 

Three Months Ended February 29, 2024 ("2024") Compared to Three Months Ended February 28, 2023 ("2023")


Revenues

 

Consolidated

 

Passenger ticket revenues made up 67% of our 2024 total revenues. Passenger ticket revenues increased by $747 million, or 26%, to $3.6 billion in 2024 from $2.9 billion in 2023.

 

This increase was caused by:


The remaining 33% of 2024 total revenues was comprised of onboard and other revenues, which increased by $227 million, or 15%, to $1.8 billion in 2024 from $1.6 billion in 2023.


This increase was principally due to:

 

NAA Segment

 

Passenger ticket revenues made up 63% of our NAA segment's 2024 total revenues. Passenger ticket revenues increased by $376 million, or 20%, to $2.3 billion in 2024 from $1.9 billion in 2023.

 

This increase was caused by:

•      $216 million - increase in passenger ticket revenues driven by continued strength in demand, which drove ticket prices higher

•      $123 million - 6.5% increase in occupancy

•      $59 million - 3.1% capacity increase in ALBDs

 

The remaining 37% of our NAA segment's 2024 total revenues were comprised of onboard and other revenues, which increased by $120 million, or 10%, to $1.3 billion in 2024 compared to $1.2 billion in 2023.

 

This increase was substantially all due to:

•      $77 million - 6.5% increase in occupancy

•      $37 million - 3.1% capacity increase in ALBDs

 

Europe Segment

 

Passenger ticket revenues made up 77% of our Europe segment's 2024 total revenues. Passenger ticket revenues increased by $373 million, or 38%, to $1.4 billion in 2024 compared to $1.0 billion in 2023.


This increase was substantially all due to:

•      $230 million - 23% increase in occupancy

•      $61 million - 6.1% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $36 million - increase in passenger ticket revenues driven by continued strength in demand, which drove ticket prices higher

•      $34 million - net favorable foreign currency translational impact

 

The remaining 23% of our Europe segment's 2024 total revenues were comprised of onboard and other revenues, which increased by $102 million, or 34%, to $404 million in 2024 from $302 million in 2023.

 

This increase was principally due to:

•      $70 million - 23% increase in occupancy

•      $19 million - 6.1% capacity increase in ALBDs


Costs and Expenses

 

Consolidated

 

Operating costs and expenses increased by $394 million, or 12%, to $3.7 billion in 2024 from $3.3 billion in 2023.


This increase was driven by:

 

These increases were partially offset by $52 million of lower fuel expenses.

Selling and administrative expenses increased by $101 million, or 14%, to $813 million in 2024 from $712 million in 2023. This increase was caused by an increase in advertising costs and administrative expenses, which includes an increase in compensation costs.


NAA Segment

 

Operating costs and expenses increased by $213 million, or 9.7%, to $2.4 billion in 2024 from $2.2 billion in 2023.

 

This increase was driven by:

 

These increases were partially offset by $30 million of lower fuel expenses.

 

Selling and administrative expenses increased by $62 million, or 14%, to $502 million in 2024 from $440 million in 2023. This increase was caused by an increase in advertising costs and administrative expenses, which includes an increase in compensation costs.


Europe Segment

 

Operating costs and expenses increased by $173 million, or 16%, to $1.3 billion in 2024 from $1.1 billion in 2023.

 

This increase was caused by:

•      $79 million - higher commissions, transportation costs, and other expenses driven by an increase in the number of guests

•      $66 million - 6.1% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $45 million - 23% increase in occupancy

•      $27 million - net unfavorable foreign currency translational impact

•      $17 million - higher onboard and other cost of sales driven by higher onboard revenues

 

These increases were partially offset by:

 

Selling and administrative expenses increased by $21 million, or 10%, to $234 million in 2024 from $213 million in 2023. This increase was caused by an increase in advertising costs and administrative expenses, which includes an increase in compensation costs.


Operating Income (Loss)

 

Our consolidated operating income (loss) increased by $447 million to $276 million in 2024 from $(172) million in 2023. Our NAA segment's operating income (loss) increased by $187 million to $272 million in 2024 from $86 million in 2023, and our Europe segment's operating income (loss) increased by $286 million to $119 million in 2024 from $(166) million in 2023. These changes were primarily due to the reasons discussed above.

 

Nonoperating Income (Expense)

 

Interest expense, net of capitalized interest, decreased by $68 million, or 13%, to $471 million in 2024 from $539 million in 2023. The decrease was caused by a decrease in total debt.

 

Debt extinguishment costs were $33 million in 2024 as a result of debt transactions occurring during the current period.

 

Liquidity, Financial Condition and Capital Resources


As of February 29, 2024, we had $5.2 billion of liquidity including $2.2 billion of cash and cash equivalents and $3.0 billion of borrowings available under our Revolving Facility, which matures in August 2024, at which point it will be replaced by the $2.5 billion New Revolving Facility available through August 2027. We will continue to pursue various opportunities to repay portions of our existing indebtedness and refinance future debt maturities to extend maturity dates and reduce interest expense. Refer to Note 3 - "Debt" of the consolidated financial statements and Funding Sources below for additional details.

 

We had a working capital deficit of $7.9 billion as of February 29, 2024 compared to a working capital deficit of $6.2 billion as of November 30, 2023. The increase in working capital deficit was primarily due to an increase in customer deposits and the current portion of long-term debt as well as a decrease in prepaid expenses and other. We operate with a substantial working capital deficit. This deficit is mainly attributable to the fact that, under our business model, substantially all of our passenger ticket receipts are collected in advance of the applicable sailing date. These advance passenger receipts generally remain a current liability on our balance sheet until the sailing date. The cash generated from these advance receipts is used interchangeably with cash on hand from other sources, such as our borrowings and other cash from operations. The cash received as advanced receipts can be used to fund operating expenses, pay down our debt, make long-term investments or any other use of cash. Included within our working capital are $6.6 billion and $6.1 billion of customer deposits as of February 29, 2024 and November 30, 2023, respectively. We have agreements with a number of credit card processors that transact customer deposits related to our cruise vacations. Certain of these agreements allow the credit card processors to request, under certain circumstances, that we provide a capped reserve fund in cash. In addition, we have a relatively low level of accounts receivable and limited investment in inventories.

 

Sources and Uses of Cash

 

Operating Activities

 

Our business provided $1.8 billion of net cash flows from operating activities during the three months ended February 29, 2024, an increase of $1.4 billion, compared to $0.4 billion provided for the same period in 2023. This was driven by an increase in net cash provided by operating activities and an increase in cash provided by the release of substantially all credit card reserves (included in the change in prepaid expenses and other assets).

 

Investing Activities

During the three months ended February 29, 2024, net cash used in investing activities was $2.2 billion. This was driven by:

 

During the three months ended February 28, 2023, net cash used in investing activities was $1.0 billion. This was driven by:

 

Financing Activities

 

During the three months ended February 29, 2024, net cash provided by financing activities of $0.2 billion was caused by:

 

During the three months ended February 28, 2023, net cash provided by financing activities of $0.1 billion was caused by:

 

Funding Sources

 

As of February 29, 2024, we had $5.2 billion of liquidity including $2.2 billion of cash and cash equivalents and $3.0 billion of borrowings available under our Revolving Facility, which matures in August 2024, at which point it will be replaced by the New Revolving Facility available through August 2027. Refer to Note 3 - "Debt" of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion. In addition, we had $2.8 billion of undrawn export credit facilities to fund ship deliveries planned through 2027. We plan to use existing liquidity and future cash flows from operations to fund our cash requirements including capital expenditures not funded by our export credit facilities. We seek to manage our credit risk exposures, including counterparty nonperformance associated with our cash and cash equivalents, and future financing facilities by conducting business with well-established financial institutions, and export credit agencies and diversifying our counterparties.

 

(in billions)

 

2024

 

2025

 

2026

 

2027

Future export credit facilities at February 29, 2024

 

$0.6

 

$0.7

 

$-

 

$1.4

 

Our export credit facilities contain various financial covenants as described in Note 3 - "Debt". At February 29, 2024, we were in compliance with the applicable covenants under our debt agreements.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We are not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements, including guarantee contracts, retained or contingent interests, certain derivative instruments and variable interest entities that either have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

For a discussion of our hedging strategies and market risks, see the discussion below and Note 10 - "Fair Value Measurements, Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities and Financial Risks" in our consolidated financial statements and Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations within our Form 10-K. There have been no material changes to our exposure to market risks since the date of our 2023 Form 10-K.

 

Interest Rate Risks

 

The composition of our debt, interest rate swaps and cross currency swaps, was as follows:

 

February 29, 2024

Fixed rate

61%

EUR fixed rate

20%

Floating rate

5%

EUR floating rate

14%

 

Controls and Procedures.

 

A. Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Our President, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Climate Officer and our Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer have evaluated our disclosure controls and procedures and have concluded, as of February 29, 2024, that they are effective to provide a reasonable level of assurance, as described above.

 

B. Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended February 29, 2024 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

The legal proceedings described in Note 4 - "Contingencies and Commitments" of our consolidated financial statements, including those described under "COVID-19 Actions" and "Regulatory or Governmental Inquiries and Investigations," are incorporated in this "Legal Proceedings" section by reference. Additionally, SEC rules require disclosure of certain environmental matters when a governmental authority is a party to the proceedings and such proceedings involve potential monetary sanctions that we believe may exceed $1 million for such proceedings.

 

On June 20, 2022, Princess Cruises notified the Australian Maritime Safety Authorization ("AMSA") and the flag state, Bermuda, regarding approximately six cubic meters of comminuted food waste (liquid biodigester effluent) inadvertently released by Coral Princess inside the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. On June 23, 2022, the UK P&I Club N.V. provided a letter of undertaking for approximately $1.9 million (being the estimated maximum combined penalty). On May 31, 2023, we received a summons from the Australia Federal Prosecution Service indicating that formal charges are being pursued against Princess Cruises and the Captain of the vessel. We believe the ultimate outcome will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

On February 5, 2024, P&O Cruises (Australia) notified AMSA and the UK Marine Accident Investigation Branch that a small amount of oil may have inadvertently contaminated grey water which was discharged by Pacific Adventure in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Queensland. We are conducting an internal investigation and intend to cooperate with any inquiries from governmental authorities. We believe the ultimate outcome will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

The risk factors that affect our business and financial results are discussed in "Item 1A. Risk Factors," included in the Form 10-K, and there has been no material change to these risk factors since the Form 10-K filing. These risks should be carefully considered, and could materially and adversely affect our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, growth, reputation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price. Our business also could be affected by risks that we are not presently aware of or that we currently consider immaterial to our operations.

 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

 

Our Stock Swap Program allows us to realize a net cash benefit when Carnival Corporation common stock is trading at a premium to the price of Carnival plc ordinary shares. Under the Stock Swap Program, we may elect to offer and sell shares of Carnival Corporation common stock at prevailing market prices in ordinary brokers' transactions and repurchase an equivalent number of Carnival plc ordinary shares in the UK market.

 

Under the Stock Swap Program effective June 2021, the Boards of Directors authorized the sale of up to $500 million of shares of Carnival Corporation common stock in the U.S. market and the repurchase of an equivalent number of Carnival plc ordinary shares.

 

We may in the future implement a program to allow us to realize a net cash benefit when Carnival plc ordinary shares are trading at a premium to the price of Carnival Corporation common stock.

 

Any sales of Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares have been or will be registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Since the beginning of the Stock Swap Program, first authorized in June 2021, we have sold 17.2 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock and repurchased the same amount of Carnival plc ordinary shares, resulting in net proceeds of $29 million. During the three months ended February 29, 2024, there were no sales or repurchases under the Stock Swap Program. During the three months ended February 29, 2024, no shares of Carnival Corporation common stock or Carnival plc ordinary shares were repurchased.

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

C.    Trading Plans

 

During the quarter ended February 29, 2024, no director or Section 16 officer adopted or terminated any Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangements or non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangements (in each case, as defined in Item 408(a) of Regulation S-K).

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