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Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Air Partner Plc LSE:AIR London Ordinary Share GB00BD736828 ORD 1P
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  1.50 1.61% 94.70 93.20 96.20 96.60 93.00 94.00 465,711 16:35:20
Industry Sector Turnover (m) Profit (m) EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap (m)
Travel & Leisure 66.7 0.9 0.6 157.8 60

Air Partner PLC Full year results for year ended 31 January 2020

22/05/2020 7:00am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


Air Partner (LSE:AIR)
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TIDMAIR

RNS Number : 6947N

Air Partner PLC

22 May 2020

LEI: 213800JLR6YIRMSCUS98

22 May 2020

Air Partner plc

("Air Partner", "Company" or "Group")

Full year results for the year ended 31 January 2020

Strategic progress made despite challenging market conditions

Air Partner plc, the global aviation services group, today reports results for the year ended 31 January 2020.

 
                                    January 2020    January    Change % 
                                                      2019 
 Gross Transaction Value             GBP236.8m     GBP273.3m   (13.4%) 
 Revenue                              GBP66.7m     GBP77.5m    (13.9%) 
 Gross profit                         GBP34.2m     GBP35.5m     (3.7%) 
 Underlying(*) profit before tax 
  (PBT)                               GBP4.2m       GBP5.8m    (27.6%) 
 Statutory profit before tax          GBP0.9m       GBP3.4m    (73.5%) 
 Net cash/(debt) (non-JetCard 
  cash less bank debt)               (GBP6.9m)      GBP2.0m    (445.0%) 
 JetCard Cash                         GBP16.7m     GBP17.7m     (5.6%) 
 Underlying* continuing basic 
  EPS (pence)                           6.4p         9.6p      (33.3%) 
 Basic continuing EPS (pence)           0.6p         5.6p      (89.3%) 
 Final dividend (pence)                 0.0p         3.85p     (100.0%) 
 Total dividend (pence)                 1.8p         5.6p      (67.9%) 
 

* Underlying results are stated before exceptional and other items (see notes 2 & 4)

Financial Highlights

   --      Gross profit down 3.7% to GBP34.2m (FY19: GBP35.5m): 

o Gross profit decreased 5.3%, on a like for like basis, adjusting for constant exchange and acquisitions

o Charter division had a mixed performance, impacted by Brexit, late UK election and the lack of a one-off event requiring urgent action. Group Charter and Freight down 5.1% and 34.7% respectively and Private Jets up 12.5%, driven by US performance

o Safety & Security gross profit up 9.5%, supported by the acquisition of Redline

-- Group underlying profit before tax* of GBP4.2m, down on the prior year by 27.6% principally due to the fall in gross profit

-- Profit before tax of GBP0.9m (FY19: GBP3.4m) is lower due to an impairment charge (GBP1.9m) and exceptional items and other items

-- Net debt of GBP6.9m (FY19: net cash of GBP2.0m), change driven by the acquisition of Redline

Strategic Highlights

-- Strategically important acquisition of Redline made in December 2019 for a total consideration of GBP10.0m, further diversifying the Group's revenue streams and broadening its portfolio of aviation products and services

-- Consulting & Training division renamed Safety & Security following the acquisition of Redline

   --      Investment made in three new offices in Houston (Q1), Singapore (Q1) and Dubai (Q4) 

Operational Highlights

-- Tough trading period for Charter, characterised by repeat spending delays and no significant one-off events

   --      US Private Jets up 42.5%, reflecting prior year investment in US offices and people 

-- Safety & Security division now contributes 13.5% to Group gross profit (FY19: 11.9%) and continues to grow as a percentage of Group profits

Current Trading and Outlook

   --      Strong start to FY21 with Q1 delivering unaudited underlying* PBT of GBP6.0m 
   --      Significant repatriation work carried out in Q1 for UK government and other customers 

-- Freight activity expected to remain strong up to at least H1, driven by the impact of COVID-19

-- Redline successfully integrated into the Group and recently won two new contracts providing security services in Critical National Infrastructure and airport sectors

-- Trading strongly ahead of budget in May and encouraging forward order book for June. Visibility beyond this is currently limited, with significant uncertainty due to impact of COVID-19

   --      Board is focused on cash preservation and maintenance of working capital for H2 

Mark Briffa, CEO of Air Partner, commented: "While there was good strategic progress made over the last financial year, our performance was impacted by customers delaying spending as they waited for the uncertainty of, first, Brexit and then the UK's December election to clear. There were also no significant one-off events requiring urgent action in either H1 or H2, the absence of which is highly unusual in Charter. The highlight of the year was our acquisition of Redline, which further progresses our diversification strategy by adding aviation security to our capabilities, thereby extending the portfolio of services and products we offer our customers.

Trading in the current financial year reflects the impact of COVID-19. Our immediate focus has been the safety of our team and other stakeholders. We have seen unusually high levels of activity in Freight and Group Charter, and a significant decline in Safety & Security and Private Jets. We are trading considerably ahead of budget for May and the forward order book is also encouraging for June, with demand for Freight and Group Charter services remaining high. However, visibility beyond this point is currently limited. COVID-19 is materially impacting economies globally, making it very hard to judge what the impact will be beyond the current emergency flying we are carrying out. As a result, we have taken prudent measures to preserve cash and maintain our working capital as we manage the business through the crisis and better understand the longer-term implications on sales.

While there are undoubtedly challenges still to come, we have enjoyed a strong start to the current year and have the benefit of a well-diversified business, anchored by a great team of people, whom I would like to thank for their extraordinary efforts at this difficult time."

This announcement contains inside information for the purposes of Article 7 of Regulation (EU) No 596/2014.

 
 Enquiries: 
  Air Partner                          01293 844788 
 Mark Briffa, CEO 
 Joanne Estell, CFO 
 
 TB Cardew (Financial PR advisor)    020 7930 0777 
 Tom Allison                         07789 998 020 
 Alycia MacAskill                    07876 222 703 
 Joe McGregor                        07766 231 520 
 

About Air Partner:

Founded in 1961, Air Partner is a global aviation services group providing aircraft charter and aviation safety & security solutions to industry, commerce, governments and private individuals, across civil and military organisations. The Group has two divisions: Air Partner Charter, comprising Group Charter, Private Jets, Freight and Specialist Services; and Air Partner Safety & Security (formerly Consulting & Training), which comprises Baines Simmons, Redline Assured Security and Managed Services.

Group Charter charters large airliners to move groups of any size. Private Jets offers the Company's unique pre-paid JetCard scheme and on-demand charter for up to 19 people. Freight charters aircraft of every size to fly almost any cargo anywhere, at any time. Specialist Services comprises Air Partner's other aviation services that complement its Charter business: Remarketing, ACMI, scheduled group travel, tour operations, air evacuation and flight operations.

Baines Simmons offers aviation safety management and fatigue risk management. Redline Assured Security delivers government-standard security training, consultancy and solutions to regulated, high value and high threat environments. Managed Services offers wildlife hazard management and aircraft registry services.

Air Partner has 16 locations across three continents, with its headquarters located alongside Gatwick airport in the UK. The group employs around 450 aviation professionals globally and operates 24/7. Air Partner is listed on the London Stock Exchange (AIR) and is the only publicly listed air charter broker and aviation safety & security consultancy. It is ISO 9001:2015 compliant for commercial airline and private jet solutions worldwide.

More information is available on the company's website (www.airpartner.com)

CHAIR'S STATEMENT

It seems strange to be reporting on the past financial year now, given how different the world is today in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. That is not to say that these results are unimportant, but the global aviation sector has been severely impacted over recent months. As a consequence, our operating environment has changed dramatically and is likely to remain so for the foreseeable future. However, we moved quickly to protect our people, and I can reassure shareholders that Air Partner is very well positioned to prosper, whatever the future may hold for our industry.

There is no doubt that the macroeconomic backdrop during my first year as Air Partner Chair has been challenging, even before the current global crisis. We reported a solid first half performance, despite many customer projects and programmes shifting from H1 to H2 due to Brexit uncertainty. This uncertainty was then further compounded by the calling of a UK general election in December, which undermined profitability towards the end of our financial year.

Throughout the year, there was a lack of major events worldwide that required our emergency charter services, which held back profits in this core division. Now, of course, there is a sad irony in reporting this dearth of crisis charters.

Overall, Group gross profit fell year on year by 3.7% to GBP34.2m in the year ended 31 January 2020 (FY19: GBP35.5m). Underlying profit before tax was GBP4.2m, 27.6% lower than the prior year (FY19: GBP5.8m). Statutory reported profit before tax was 73.5% lower at GBP0.9m (FY19: GBP3.4m), driven by a GBP1.9m impairment charge taken in the year, full details of which are disclosed in note 8.

Having spent the past 13 months getting to know Air Partner, it is clear to me that we have the right strategy, business model and people in place. The global charter business can be volatile, with limited visibility, but the exceptional volume of work undertaken for customers worldwide in recent weeks is testament to the capability of our teams and a reminder of the real value of this division. Mindful of the low predictability of overall charter volumes, we have acted in recent years to diversify our profit streams within the aviation industry, resulting in a higher overall quality of earnings. This is undoubtedly the correct strategic course for the Group.

Our acquisition of security company Redline Worldwide Limited ("Redline") in December 2019 is an excellent example of this diversification. It progresses our strategy of pursuing targeted acquisitions that enhance our customer offering by extending the portfolio of aviation services within our Consulting & Training division, which we have now renamed Safety & Security. We expect that Redline will increase visible, steady and recurring revenues for the Group in the long term, once the current COVID-19 crisis has passed. I am delighted to have been able to welcome our new Redline colleagues on-board at Air Partner.

In the period under review, we also continued our long-term growth initiatives, making further investments in people and new offices. We are pleased with the return we are generating on these initiatives and believe there is a lot of headroom for further organic development in all divisions. Moreover, I have been encouraged by the increased levels of cross-selling across the business, particularly between Group Charter, Private Jets and Freight.

Board Changes

In March 2020, we were greatly saddened to learn of the passing of Richard Jackson, Air Partner's Non-executive Director and Senior Independent Director, after a short illness. Richard joined Air Partner's Board on 8 September 2016 and was appointed as Senior Independent Director in June 2017. He also acted as the Company's Interim Chair for seven months from September 2018. Richard provided a significant contribution to the Company's strategy. He was a highly valued colleague and will be greatly missed.

On 26 June 2019, the date of our Annual General Meeting (AGM), Paul Dollman took up the role of Chair of the Audit and Risk Committee, replacing Shaun Smith, who announced in October 2018 his intention to step down from the Board.

In total, the Board now holds 1.9% of the ordinary shares in the Company, demonstrating a clear alignment with Air Partner's other shareholders. In the context of the ongoing COVID-19 crisis, the Board will not appoint a replacement Non-executive Director in the short term, and Amanda Wills will be appointed as Senior Independent Director with effect from 21 May 2020 .

Dividend

In response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, like many companies, we are tightly managing costs across the Group to preserve cash, maintain sufficient working capital to support increased customer demand and ensure that the business is well placed to emerge from the crisis with a strengthened competitive position. These measures include temporary salary reductions for all Board members and the UK workforce. In line with this, the Board has decided not to recommend a final dividend payment. However, t he Board recognises the importance of regular dividend payments to investors in forming part of their total shareholder return and will re-evaluate the payment of dividends once the risks related to COVID-19 have subsided and there is greater certainty on the Group's cash flows. We trust shareholders will understand that this is the right and prudent approach at this time of unprecedented uncertainty in order to manage the business with confidence through the crisis.

Prospects

Our current financial year started with a strong forward order book and good visibility, particularly in Group Charter and the enlarged Safety & Security division. However, it also coincided with the outbreak of COVID-19. Due to our strategy of diversification, some areas of our business are benefiting from increased activity at this time, while others are being negatively impacted. Nevertheless, the Group has had a strong start to the year overall and we expect Group Charter and Freight to continue to perform well during these challenging times. To put this into context, the unaudited management reports for the first three months of our new financial year indicate that the Group has generated an expected GBP6.0m of underlying profit before tax.

We are enjoying a strong and profitable May with the business trading considerably ahead of budget, and June is also looking encouraging, with demand for Freight and Group Charter services remaining high as we continue to carry out COVID-19 related work, such as the urgent transportation of medical supplies. While there are also some emerging green shoots of recovery in both Private Jets and Security, clear visibility beyond June is still very limited.

While this is a worrying time for the industry, the combination of a strong start to the financial year, our swift action on managing costs, agreeing bank waivers with our current lenders and our current cash position gives the Board confidence that Air Partner is effectively positioned to cope with the challenges and uncertainty posed by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. As I have stated above, the Group has a robust business model and a sound strategy, and our work during this COVID-19 crisis has demonstrated the value of our diversified aviation services, which operate across multiple markets, helping to offset volatility in any one market or product line. As well as recognising the work of all our exceptional people worldwide, I would like to thank you, our shareholders, for your continued support, especially at this challenging time.

Ed Warner

Non-Executive Chair

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER'S REVIEW

While there was good strategic progress made over the last 12 months, our financial performance was impacted by customers delaying spending as they waited for the uncertainty of, first, Brexit and then the UK's December election to clear. As a result, Air Partner's underlying profit before tax of GBP4.2m for the 12 months to 31 January 2020 was lower than previously expected, largely reflecting a key UK customer suspending a complex global flying programme from H1 to H2, and then further delaying in Q4. There was also an A330 remarketing mandate that was signed but subject to closing conditions, and therefore was not recognised in the year to 31 January 2020. Simultaneously, the already soft UK private jet market worsened in the last quarter.

Strategy

In 2015, we embarked upon a strategy to extend and enhance the services we are able to offer our customers, while reducing the Group's exposure to the volatility of the charter market and improving the overall quality of our earnings. M&A is a key component of this and, since our first acquisition of Cabot Aviation (now referred to as Air Partner Remarketing) in May 2015, we have acquired a number of businesses that meet these criteria. This diversification strategy continues to progress, with our latest acquisition Redline, a leading aviation security and training solutions company that we acquired in December 2019, performing well since it became part of the Group. Redline adds aviation security to our capabilities, which, combined with our existing aviation safety activities, enables us to deliver a compelling suite of aviation safety and security products and services. Notably, Redline has well-developed proprietary software solutions in security management systems (SeMS) and e-Learning. We see significant growth opportunities in this area and it is our intention to offer these capabilities to our Baines Simmons customers over the coming year as part of our Safety & Security strategy.

The ability to cross-sell between different areas of our business is a key driver of our acquisition activity and in the year under review we won a number of new customers as a result of cross-selling, both between Charter and Safety & Security and within the Charter division. Post our year end, we carried out a project on behalf of the Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), which was a fantastic example of the strategy coming to life, with Redline, Group Charter and Freight all working closely together to deliver a fully-integrated solution for the evacuation of UK and Irish nationals aboard a cruise ship off the coast of Japan. We continue to see growing levels of cross-selling and joint business development opportunities across the Group and look forward to capitalising on these in this financial year.

While mindful of the current economic climate and the need to conserve cash, we will continue to assess targeted acquisition opportunities that meet our strict criteria and are in line with our Group M&A acquisition strategy on an ongoing basis.

In addition to our acquisition strategy, we have continued to grow organically, particularly within the Charter side of the business. In the last financial year, we opened three new offices in Singapore (February 2019), Houston (February 2019) and Dubai (November 2019). Importantly, these new offices offer our full range of Charter services, so customers can fulfil all their charter requirements under one roof, whether this be Group Charter, Private Jets or Freight, which we believe is a true differentiator for us.

While these new offices initially increase our cost base, we typically see a return within a year to 18 months, as they extend our geographical footprint, increase our global market share and grow our customer base. We continue to consider other potential new office locations in regions that align with the Group's growth strategy and provide attractive growth indicators.

Our success in hiring good people continues to pay off and we will keep monitoring opportunities in this area over the coming year. We will be running an extensive internal management training programme in addition to hiring the best people in the industry, who have proven track records and share our passion and drive to succeed.

People

As I write, post the year end, we are in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic and I would like to thank all my colleagues for their ongoing hard work, focus and commitment during these unprecedented times. Whilst COVID-19 has presented significant operational issues, the dedication of our people and suppliers has been nothing short of outstanding.

DIVISIONAL REVIEW

Charter

Overall, the Charter division delivered GBP29.6m of gross profit for the financial year ending 31 January 2020, down 5.1% on the prior year (FY19: GBP31.2m). The division contributes 86.5% to the overall gross profit of the Group and is comprised of Group Charter (including Remarketing) at 43.1%, Private Jets at 34.2% and Freight at 9.2%. Although Private Jets had a strong year with growth of 12.5%, this could not offset negative performances in Group Charter and Freight. The above results translated to an underlying operating profit for the Charter division of GBP5.9m (FY19: GBP7.5m).

It was particularly pleasing to see a good level of cross-selling achieved across the Charter division during the financial year. This included Group Charter and Private Jets working together on the European tour of a high-profile music artist, as well as a number of joint projects between Group Charter and Freight.

We continue to invest for further organic growth in our Charter division, notably in the US, where the market is strong and our business is performing well. We selectively increased broker headcount and the opening of the Houston office took our number of US offices to five, alongside New York, Los Angeles, Fort Lauderdale and Washington, D.C. In addition, we opened offices in Singapore and Dubai to offer our full suite of charter solutions, and continue to grow our share of the Asia-Pacific and Middle Eastern markets.

Group Charter

Group Charter has had a mixed performance over the year, with gross profit for the year down 7.5% to GBP14.7m (FY19: GBP15.9m). The two main driving factors for this were a key UK customer repeatedly suspending activity and the lack of one-off major events in 2019 comparable to the likes of the FIFA World Cup in the prior financial year. However, it is important to note that Group Charter still carried out a significant amount of work in the sports sector, including the UEFA Champions League, the UEFA Europa League and the Spanish Super Cup, which took place in Saudi Arabia. Positively, we also saw further demand for our Managed Services offering, and in April 2019 we were appointed by Aurigny, the flag carrier airline of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, to manage its operations control centre in Alderney.

Elsewhere in Europe, Germany performed particularly well in the automotive and tour operations sectors, in addition to winning a new government contract from a competitor in the first quarter of the year. However, this regional growth was not enough to offset the weaker results from the UK and France, where the latter experienced a decrease in tour operations activity as a result of reduced operator supply in the market. We have taken a strategic decision to withdraw from the French tour operations market and subsequently have adjusted the size of the team to reflect this. The US was broadly flat year on year, although we are cautiously optimistic about a positive change over the course of this financial year, given the current performance in the first quarter.

Air Partner Remarketing completed several aircraft sales during the year for various airlines and financial institutions, including an ATR72-500 on behalf of Helitaviation 11 Europe Limited, although performance was affected by the aforementioned A330 sale delay (see the Chief Executive Officer's Review).

A number of new aircraft mandates were also signed, creating a strong pipeline of c.$3m. However, the market has been impacted by COVID-19 in the short term, with the volume of buyers expected to be limited until a market recovery.

Air Evacuation continues to perform well and has been extremely busy throughout the COVID-19 crisis, working closely with Group Charter to evacuate personnel and fly them back to their home countries. In October 2019, we entered into a strategic partnership with Northcott Global Solutions (NGS), an international emergency response company. Under the terms of the partnership, Air Partner is NGS's preferred emergency air charter supplier, while we are also able to leverage its capabilities in the provision of medical assistance ground and maritime security, armed protection, and traveller tracking and intelligence, thereby offering our customers a broader set of emergency evacuation services. During COVID-19, the partnership has worked well, with customers on both sides benefiting from the services being collectively offered.

Private Jets

Private Jets' gross profit increased by 12.5% to GBP11.7m (FY19: GBP10.4m), primarily driven by a strong performance in the US division where gross profit increased by 42.5% year on year. We were particularly delighted with our JetCard performance in the US, with membership up 32% year on year. This is largely attributable to the continued investment made in hiring the best sales and business development talent.

The UK, Germany and France saw a combined gross profit decline of c.3%, the decrease being in line with the wider market performance. Italy had a tough trading period in Private Jets with the loss of a key broker halfway through the year. The softness in the UK market was primarily driven by uncertainty around Brexit and the general election, and was further compounded by some key customers flying less when compared to previous years. JetCard customer numbers remained broadly flat in the UK and Europe, as customers were unwilling to change provider due to the economic and political uncertainty.

Freight

Prior to the outbreak of COVID-19, global trade tensions caused challenges for the freight sector in general and air cargo volumes were weak across the industry. Freight gross profit was down GBP1.7m to GBP3.2m. The year on year decrease is reflective of a strong comparative period, as last year we carried out significant volumes of work flying humanitarian aid to Guam and Saipan during their typhoon season.

The Freight division did have a strong year in the UK, where gross profit was up 27%, largely driven by the ongoing success of our aircraft on ground (AOG) product (where an aircraft is grounded because of a technical malfunction), with a number of large airlines added to our customer base. The UK team also carried out a number of projects on behalf of existing Group Charter customers as a result of successful cross-selling, particularly in the energy sector, which has been greatly encouraging.

In addition, our on-board courier (OBC) service, suitable for smaller shipments, continues to go from strength to strength and has grown year on year. OBC is looked after by a dedicated team of operations staff, who are located in the UK and Germany and work with a global network of around 200 couriers.

We continue to consider Freight a strategic and important part of our offering, enabling us to provide customers with a full range of charter services. Its value is never clearer than in times of crisis, when there is increased supply chain and aid work. We expect to see record profits from this division in the current financial year as a result of COVID-19 activity.

Safety & Security (formerly Consulting & Training)

The Safety & Security division includes the recent Redline acquisition, Baines Simmons and Managed Services. The division has performed well over the year with gross profit up 9.5% to GBP4.6m (FY19: GBP4.2m) supported by the contribution from Redline. Safety & Security now contributes 13.5% of the Group's gross profit (FY19: 11.9%) and, pre-COVID-19, this figure was on track to increase with the full year impact of the Redline acquisition. Overall the division contributed GBP0.9m (FY19: GBP0.6m) of underlying operating profit to the Group, an increase of 50%. On a like for like basis, adjusting for the Redline acquisition, underlying operating profit grew by 10.1%, mainly driven by a prior year provision release.

At Baines Simmons, training gross profit was up year on year and looking ahead we aim to grow the reach of this area further as we leverage Redline's proprietary software solutions in e-Learning. We launched our first pop-up training academy in Europe in September 2019, and this is something we intend to revisit in other regions in the future. Furthermore, several large customers, across both the civil and military sectors, confirmed their intention to continue projects with our consultancy service into FY21, although unfortunately the outbreak of COVID-19 has meant that the future of some of these activities is currently uncertain.

Wildlife Hazard Management (WHM) performed well in the period, winning new contracts for fully managed services at three airfields, in addition to retaining all its existing contracts, albeit there is increasing margin pressure in this area from the competition. Following a strategic review of our air traffic control (ATC) operations, we have decided not to renew our two remaining ATC services contracts, thereby exiting our ATC operations presence in the UK. This will allow us to concentrate solely on WHM and accelerate our plans in this area.

Under the leadership of founder Paul Mason, the integration of Redline is progressing smoothly and, as mentioned previously, this financial year the team has already worked alongside Group Charter and Freight to deliver a holistic evacuation service for the FCO. Redline has long-term contracted revenues with global blue-chip customers that will materially increase visible, long-term, recurring revenues for Air Partner for FY21 onwards. Redline also has good forward visibility of its forecasted revenues, a high customer retention rate and a healthy pipeline of new business opportunities.

The management of Air Partner and Redline have together identified attractive global opportunities as a consequence of the combination with Air Partner's existing brands in aviation safety. We see particularly compelling global growth opportunities for Redline's proprietary SeMS and e-Learning capabilities, which will further the Group's relationships with airports, airlines, governments and corporates around the world, in addition to providing another stable and recurring revenue stream.

We see strong potential in adding safety training to Redline's existing e-Learning platform, which appears a realistic and readily available value driver. The planned launch of WHM software has been delayed to align development of these apps. As a result of this delay and the decision to exit our ATC operations, the Group has recognised an impairment of GBP1.9m against the goodwill of SafeSkys.

However, while our long-term contracts in the Safety & Security division remain largely unaffected by COVID-19, as previously reported, training, consulting and testing activities have been significantly impacted by government restrictions, resulting in associated revenues being delayed. Management has taken decisive action to manage costs by reducing discretionary spend in this division in the current financial year.

Post year end events

In January and February 2020, we carried out significant evacuation work for the UK government, including the repatriation of over 300 British and EU nationals from Wuhan. Projects of this type continued into March and April, when we supported a number of new customers, including major cruise and oil companies, in addition to continuing our work with the UK government to assist British citizens overseas.

In March and April, our Freight division also experienced a pick-up in demand for the movement of goods to keep global supply chains operating during the pandemic, such as the transportation of vital medical supplies into the United States. We continue to receive enquires for logistical support at this critical time and are well placed to mobilise on this activity at short notice.

Current trading and outlook

The Group has had a very encouraging start to the financial year, with the unaudited management accounts for the first quarter of the year showing expected underlying profit before tax of GBP6.0m. April was a record month, predominantly driven by unusually high levels of activity in Freight and Group Charter. The success of the Group in the year to date has been driven by new business wins as a result of the pandemic, such as repatriation contracts and corporate shuttles, which have outweighed a decline in Safety & Security and Private Jets (including JetCard). We have seen high levels of activity in May to date and are strongly ahead of budget for the month. The forward order book for June is also encouraging, with continued high demand for our Freight and Group Charter services as part of the ongoing COVID-19 response. Visibility beyond this point is very limited.

Looking ahead to the second half of the year, t he Directors expect to see a slowdown in repatriation work and freight charter activity as global supply chains recover. Conversely, Private Jets bookings are expected to increase, as international airways start to re-open, with executives and high net worth individuals wanting to travel in more controlled environments via less busy airports. We have seen some early signs of recovery within Private Jets (as well as Security), but they remain nascent at this stage.

The COVID-19 crisis, which began at the start of our financial year, has made it very hard to judge the full year impact with any degree of certainty at this point. As a result, we have managed costs to preserve cash and maintain our working capital. Accordingly, we have implemented a series of temporary cost management initiatives, minimising all discretionary spend and, where necessary, reducing salary costs, subject to local legal requirements. In addition, all Board directors are currently taking a voluntary 20% pay reduction for April, May and June as a minimum. We have also made use of available government grants and benefits to further reduce our cost base in the near term.

I am confident that we have taken the right actions at this time and we will continue to monitor the situation extremely closely. While there are undoubtedly challenging times still to come, we have enjoyed a good start to the current year and have the benefit of a well-diversified business, anchored by great teams of people. The Board will issue regular shareholder updates approximately every four to six weeks during the height of the crisis to ensure investors are kept abreast of how we are addressing the evolving situation.

I would like to take this opportunity to once again thank the entire Air Partner team for its hard work during these unprecedented and difficult times. Their efforts have been - and continue to be - extraordinary.

Mark Briffa

Chief Executive Officer

FINANCIAL REVIEW

Undoubtedly, it was a tough trading period for Air Partner. Typically, we have at least one significant one-off event occur every year, such as a major sporting tournament, a large customer flight programme or a crisis event requiring aid relief charters; however, there were none in the period under review. As I start my second year as Air Partner's Chief Financial Officer, the importance of our diversification strategy to smooth the volatility in the Charter division has never been clearer, especially in light of last year's performance and current market conditions. We continue to progress this by expanding our offering through targeted acquisitions and driving organic growth by investing in our products, people and new locations.

With this in mind, one of the year's highlights was the acquisition of Redline. We could clearly see the benefits of the acquisition to Air Partner and we worked around the clock to secure the company in a tight timeframe. It is early days, however, I am encouraged by its recent performance and contribution to the Group. We have ambitious growth targets for the Safety & Security division (post COVID-19) and I believe Redline will catalyse this growth.

On more operational and financial matters, we continue to build on the good work we started last year in terms of strengthening the overall control environment and have invested further in new systems and processes. Looking forward, a key initiative for the Finance department this year will be to drive operational efficiencies across the Group with the integration of Redline and the roll-out of our new integrated booking tool and customer relationship management system.

Gross transaction value and revenue

Air Partner primarily uses gross profit as its key indicator of business performance. This is due to the potential for revenue, as determined under IFRS, to fluctuate depending on the number of contracts enacted in the year where the Company acts as principal as opposed to an agent.

GTV of GBP236.8m (FY19: GBP273.3m) was down by 13.4%, which is principally due to the decrease in Group Charter activity, as described in more detail in the gross profit section below. GTV represents the total value invoiced to customers and is stated exclusive of value added tax. Congruently, revenue of GBP66.7m (FY19: GBP77.5m) decreased by 13.9% year on year.

Gross profit

Gross profit of GBP34.2m was down 3.7% against the prior period (FY19: GBP35.5m). This includes gross profit for the acquisition of Redline, which was acquired on 12 December 2019. On a comparative basis, adjusting for constant exchange rates (+GBP0.2m) and the acquisition of Redline (GBP0.4m), gross profit decreased by 5.3%.

At a divisional level, the gross profit of the Charter division was down 5.1% year on year at GBP29.6m (FY19: GBP31.2m) due to a drop in tour operations, a reduction in flying by a key UK customer and no one-off major events comparable to the 2018 FIFA World Cup or 'urgent action' incidents, such as flying humanitarian aid to Guam and Saipan in 2018.

Breaking the Charter division down into its constituent parts, the gross profit in Group Charter was down GBP1.2m to GBP14.7m (FY19: GBP15.9m). In Europe, France was down on account of a significant reduction in tour operations activity, although this was partially offset by a strong performance in Germany after a large customer win in the early part of the year. As previously mentioned, the UK was adversely affected by a key customer delaying a complex global flying programme.

Private Jets experienced an increase in gross profit of 12.5% as a result of our performance in the US. Encouragingly, the growth in the US Private Jets business is a result of investments we have made over the last two years in new offices and hiring key talent. In the UK and Europe (excluding Italy, which had a tough second half of the year with the loss of a key broker), performance was down year on year by c.3%, broadly in line with the wider market.

Freight was down by GBP1.7m from GBP4.9m in FY19 to GBP3.2m in FY20. This was due to a high volume of aid-related activities in the previous year, which did not repeat this year, and a widely reported softening in the global freight markets due to trade tensions. However, the UK Freight business did buck this trend and saw year on year growth of c.27%, albeit from a low base.

The above Charter product mix translated to the following regional performance: the UK, US and Rest of World was broadly flat year on year while Europe declined by 11.9%, driven by the aforementioned performance in Group Charter. Overall, US Charter profit remained static year on year due to the aid flights in the prior year resulting in an exceptionally high Freight gross profit for FY19.

Safety & Security delivered gross profit of GBP4.6m (FY19: GBP4.2m), an increase of 9.5%, which was supported by the acquisition of Redline (GBP0.4m).

Administrative expenses

Costs included in administrative expenses in the consolidated income statement are the Charter personnel costs, sales and marketing, finance, information systems, human resource management, legal and compliance, and other administrative costs.

Underlying * administrative costs, including net impairment losses on financial assets, were broadly flat year on year at GBP29.4m (FY19: GBP29.5m), despite investment in new office openings. In order to progress our strategy, while remaining mindful of the risks and effects of COVID-19, the Group expects to make further investments in administrative expenses as we grow organically across new geographical locations. The cost-benefit analysis of any initiative will be assessed at the appropriate time against the Group's investment criteria.

Finance costs

The net interest charge for the period was GBP0.5m (FY19: GBP0.2m). This increase was driven by the adoption of IFRS 16 concerning leasing, which added a charge of GBP0.3m. Excluding the impact of IFRS 16, there was a small increase in interest costs in the period of GBP16k due to the additional GBP6.0m of debt that was called down from the revolving credit facility (RCF) in December 2019 to fund the acquisition of Redline. This was fully offset by an increase in interest received of GBP71k (FY19: GBP32k).

Underlying profit before tax

The above results translated to an underlying* profit before tax of GBP4.2m, a decrease of GBP1.6m (27.6%) from the prior year (FY19: GBP5.8m). Adjusting for the acquisition of Redline (GBP0.2m) and for constant exchange rates (GBP0.1m), underlying profit before tax declined by 32.2%.

*Underlying earnings are stated before exceptional and other items; see note 4.

Exceptional and other items

Exceptional items are excluded from underlying performance measures by virtue of their size and nature, in order to better reflect management's view of the performance of the Group. In the year under review, the net effect of exceptional and other items on operating profit was GBP3.3m (FY19: GBP2.4m).

Exceptional and other items excluded from underlying profits in the period are broken down as follows:

 
                                                       2020    2019 
                                                        GBPm    GBPm 
 Underlying profit before tax                           4.2     5.8 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Change of Board composition                           (0.2)   (0.4) 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Costs relating to the accounting review and 
  associated items                                       -     (1.3) 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Amortisation of purchased intangibles                 (0.6)   (0.4) 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Acquisition costs                                     (0.6)     - 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Abortive acquisition costs                              -     (0.5) 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Cost incurred and provision for outflows resulting    (0.7)     - 
  from French tax investigation 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Impairment of goodwill                                (1.9)     - 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Settlement of historical legal disputes                0.4      - 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Release of deferred consideration                      0.3     0.2 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 Statutory reported profit before tax                   0.9     3.4 
                                                      ------  ------ 
 

In total, there is a GBP4.0m exceptional charge on the consolidated income statement for the year, comprising a GBP1.9m impairment charge relating to SafeSkys Limited (SafeSkys) (refer to note 8), GBP0.6m of amortisation of acquired intangibles, GBP0.6m of acquisition costs relating to Redline, GBP0.2m for changes made to the Group Operating Board, and a GBP0.7m charge in respect of a prior year tax reassessment in France. The latter is made up of a provision of GBP0.3m for expected indirect tax charges and associated advisers' expenses of GBP0.4m in defending this matter. The provision is based on management's best estimate of the reassessment liability after taking expert legal advice. Final resolution of this matter remains uncertain; however, in April 2020, encouragingly we received GBP0.8m to reimburse us for a historical VAT claim from the French tax authorities, relating to the period 1 February 2015 to 31 January 2020. As at 31 January 2020, this liability is included within the GBP1.2m of social security and other taxes within trade and other receivables within the consolidated statement of financial position.

The above exceptional charges have been partially offset by GBP0.7m of exceptional gains, including GBP0.4m of cash settlement net of legal costs for two historical legal disputes and GBP0.3m relating to the release of the deferred consideration for the SafeSkys acquisition. The latter is due to warranty claims settled with the previous owners in respect of the onerous contracts identified post acquisition.

Statutory reported profit before tax

After the above exceptional and other items, statutory reported profit before tax was GBP0.9m, down 73.5% on the prior year (FY19: GBP3.4m).

Taxation

The Group seeks to manage the cost of taxation in a responsible manner to enhance its competitive position on a global basis while managing its relationships with tax authorities on the basis of full disclosure and legal compliance.

On a statutory reported profit basis, the effective rate of taxation was 67.6% (FY19: 14.4%). This rate is abnormally high in the current year due to the level of exceptional costs, which do not attract tax relief and unrecognised tax losses in some tax jurisdictions. In respect to the latter point, we have adopted a prudent approach and have not recognised deferred tax assets relating to the net losses in these jurisdictions until we have greater certainty on how these losses can be utilised. In 2019, the low tax rate of 14.4% was due to HMRC confirming that an overpayment of tax relief claim of GBP0.4m, relating to the accounting review, was allowable.

The underlying tax charge* of GBP0.9m (FY19: GBP0.8m) represents an effective rate of 20.5% (FY19: 13.9%) on the underlying profits before tax.

* Adjusting for exceptional and other items.

Earnings per share

Basic underlying* earnings per share from continuing operations were 6.4p (FY19: 9.6p), down 33.3% on the prior year. On a statutory basis, earnings per share from continuing operations were 0.6p (FY19: 5.6p), a decrease of 89.3%. The sharp drop was driven by the level of exceptional items in the year.

*Underlying earnings are stated before exceptional and other items; see note 2 & 4.

Dividends

Pre-COVID-19, Air Partner's stated dividend policy targeted cover of between 1.5 and 2.0 times underlying earnings per share. On 18 March 2020, the Company announced that it was seeking to preserve cash and to maintain sufficient working capital in the business to support customer demand through the COVID-19 crisis. Accordingly, the Board has chosen not to pay a final dividend for the financial year ending 31 January 2020. The Board is committed to paying dividends and intends, as soon as practicably possible, to resume payments once it has more clarity on future financial performance.

Statement of financial position

Shareholders' funds

After considering the profit for the period, dividend payments, exchange rate differences, the acquisition of Redline funded by bank debt and the introduction of IFRS 16 Leases (the impact of which is described further on), overall shareholders' funds at 31 January 2020 were GBP9.2m, representing a decrease of GBP2.5m on the position at 31 January 2019 (GBP11.7m). In summary, the decrease has been driven by the level of non-cash exceptional items resulting in a profit lower than the dividend payments to shareholders.

Acquisition of Redline

Redline was acquired in December 2019 for a total headline consideration of up to GBP10.0m on a debt free, cash free basis, with an initial outlay of GBP8.0m on completion. An additional consideration of up to GBP2.0m is payable over two years post completion. The acquisition was funded from the Company's existing cash and debt facilities and the issue of new ordinary shares to the operational management shareholders of Redline. The effect of the acquisition on the statement of financial position is reflected in the below review. For further details, refer to note 13.

Goodwill and intangibles

During the year goodwill increased by GBP1.9m. This was driven by the recognition of GBP3.8m of goodwill relating to the Redline acquisition, although this was partially offset by the GBP1.9m impairment charge relating to SafeSkys. The impairment of SafeSkys is due to the decision following the acquisition of Redline to delay the launch of the wildlife hazard management app and the decision to not further expand into the air traffic control market (refer to note 8).The carrying value of goodwill is now GBP8.6m (FY19: GBP6.7m).

Intangible assets arising from business combinations are assessed at the time of acquisition in accordance with IFRS 3 and are amortised over their expected useful life. This amortisation is excluded from underlying profits. GBP7.5m of intangible assets were recognised on acquisition of Redline, relating to customer relationships and customer contracts (GBP6.1m) and software development (GBP1.4m).

Other intangible assets comprise software development costs. In the period, we spent GBP0.4m on rolling out the customer relationship management system and a new booking tool for the Charter division. Both these projects are expected to go live in FY21.

Other balances

Movements in other balances within the statement of financial position reflect the trading results of the period.

Excluding the right of use assets as described in the IFRS 16 Leases section below, the Group has property, plant and equipment totalling GBP1.0m (FY19: GBP0.9m). Capital expenditure in the period was GBP0.5m (FY19: GBP0.1m) on property, plant and motor vehicles for delivering the wildlife hazard management contracts and GBP0.4m (FY19: GBP0.4m) on software.

Working capital saw an unfavourable movement of GBP0.7m in the period due to reductions in receivables and payables of GBP1.6m and GBP2.3m respectively. This was driven by the cash payment to the operator for the Wuhan repatriation flight, which happened close to year end.

Deferred consideration has been recognised as a current and non-current liability of GBP2.3m, including an implied interest charge in relation to the Redline acquisition.

Cash generation and net debt

Operating cash from trading activities after investment in capital expenditure and software was GBP8.2m. However, the adoption of IFRS 16 accounts for GBP5.4m of this amount, with lease payments that were previously reported within operating cash flows now reported within cash flows from financing activities. Excluding the presentational change as a result of IFRS 16, cash flows from trading activities after investment and software was GBP2.8m (FY19: GBP2.7m).

Net debt (cash offset by bank debt) was GBP6.9m versus net cash on the same basis of GBP2.0m. The level of debt has increased to fund the acquisition of Redline in December 2019 for an initial headline price of GBP8.0m.

JetCard cash deposits decreased by GBP1.0m, offset by a reduction in liabilities in deferred revenue.

Exchange rates

The results of overseas operations are translated into Sterling at average exchange rates. The net assets are translated at period end rates. The principal exchange rates, expressed in terms of the value of Sterling, are shown in the following table.

 
                   Average rates                                 Period end rates 
        31 January   31 January                      31 January   31 January 
           2020         2019                            2020         2019 
       -----------  -----------  -----------------  -----------  -----------  ---------------- 
                                  USD strengthened                             USD weakened by 
 USD       1.28         1.32       by 3.0%              1.32         1.31            0.8% 
       -----------  -----------  -----------------  -----------  -----------  ---------------- 
                                  EUR weakened by                              EUR weakened by 
 EUR       1.14         1.13       0.9%                 1.19         1.14            4.4% 
       -----------  -----------  -----------------  -----------  -----------  ---------------- 
 

Bank facilities

During the year, the Group renegotiated its debt facility with NatWest to support the acquisition of Redline. The Group now has total debt facilities of GBP14.5m (FY19: GBP9.0m) comprising a RCF of GBP13.0m (FY19: GBP7.5m) and a GBP1.5m overdraft.

As at 31 January 2020, GBP11.5m of the RCF was drawn down (FY19: GBP5.5m) and the overdraft was not utilised. The facility attracts an interest rate of 2.6% plus LIBOR and is repayable in February 2023.

Accounting policies and recent accounting developments

The accounts in this report are prepared under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), as adopted by the European Union (EU). The accounting polices used in preparing these accounts are set out in note 2.

IFRS 16 Leases

The Group has adopted IFRS 16 retrospectively from 1 February 2019 but has not restated comparatives for the prior period as permitted under the specific transitional provisions in the standard.

The impact on the statement of financial position at 1 February 2019 was to add right of use assets of GBP11.5m, lease liabilities of GBP11.8m and a reduction in other liabilities of GBP0.1m, resulting in a reduction in reserves of GBP0.2m. The right of use assets included an aeroplane used in our Italian business at GBP8.8m, fixtures, fittings and equipment at GBP1.4m, short leasehold property and leasehold improvements at GBP1.2m and intangible assets of GBP0.1m.

The impact on the income statement as at 31 January 2020 has been to decrease cost of sales and overheads by a combined GBP0.3m but increase the interest charge by GBP0.3m, therefore having a negligible impact on profit.

The reclassification of lease payments from operating expenses to depreciation, interest and repayments of finance lease liabilities has resulted in a GBP5.4m increase in cash generated from operating activities. The increase is offset by a matching increase in net cash used in financing activities.

The impact on the statement of financial position has been to add right of use assets of GBP6.8m and lease liabilities of GBP7.3m with a reduction in reserves of GBP0.2m. The residual balance of GBP0.3m is due to the right of use assets acquired as part of the acquisition of Redline and is recognised in the acquisition accounting. This adverse effect on reserves will reverse out over the remaining period of the leases.

Within current liabilities in the statement of financial position is a GBP4.2m charge relating to the right of use of an aircraft based in Italy. At the time of signing the accounts, given the impact of COVID-19, the Directors have negotiated a payment holiday relating to the Italian contract effectively, moving the GBP4.2m of payments due into the next financial year. This aircraft is used in Air Partner's tour operations business.

Please refer to note 16, Changes in accounting policy, for further detail.

Treasury and risk management

Foreign currency effects

Where possible, the Group uses natural hedges to minimise its foreign exchange exposure, for example matching JetCard deposits denominated in Euros or US Dollars with the respective liability. In addition, the Group uses derivatives to hedge certain transactions in accordance with its internal policies.

Financial risks

The main financial risks faced by the Group are credit risk, foreign currency risk, interest rate risk and liquidity risk. The Directors regularly review and agree policies for managing these risks.

Credit risk is managed by monitoring limits and payment performance of counterparties. The Directors consider the level of general credit risk in current market conditions to be higher than normal. Where a customer is deemed to represent a level of credit risk, terms of trade are modified to limit the Group's exposure.

Foreign currency risk is managed by matching payments and receipts in foreign currency to minimise exposure.

Interest rate risk is managed by holding a mixture of cash and borrowings in Sterling, US Dollar and Euro at fixed and floating rates of interest.

Liquidity risk is managed by the Group having access to a RCF, which can be used for working capital means, and a moderate overdraft facility to provide short-term flexibility.

Going concern

COVID-19 has increased the level of uncertainty surrounding the future trading environment for the Group. Whilst performance in the first quarter of FY21 has been very strong and in turn the Group's normalised net cash position was positive at GBP1.7m, with available headroom of GBP16.2m, there remains uncertainty over the trading performance for the rest of the year.

Accordingly, the Directors have undertaken a thorough assessment in evaluating going concern considering a number of scenarios and sensitivities. The going concern was assessed by reference to cash forecasts through to May 2021, which reflect a cautious view of trading activity across the Group's divisions, and further sensitivities have then been applied to reflect a slower recovery in underlying performance from the COVID-19 pandemic. Banking covenants were assessed throughout this period and a precautionary step was taken to obtain banking covenants waivers for the period starting in October 2020 through until April 2021. These waivers have been granted by our lenders. All scenarios tested showed no reasonably foreseeable risk of the Group not maintaining sufficient liquidity. In addition, steps were taken to deal with the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including reviewing credit terms, cost cutting measures and utilising government support for staff costs where appropriate.

From the results of this activity the Directors believe that the Group is well placed to manage its business risks and, after reviewing in detail the current financial position, including factors affecting its cost base, and the availability of financing facilities and forecasts for a period of not less than 12 months from the date of approval of these financial statements, are satisfied that the Group has adequate resources to continue in business for the foreseeable future and that the Company is a going concern.

Joanne Estell

Chief Financial Officer

Forward-looking statements

Announcements issued by Air Partner plc may contain forward looking statements, indicated by words such as "aims", "believes," "expects", "intends," and similar expressions. These statements reflect current views and expectations up to the date of approval of this statement and are made in good faith by the directors. Unless otherwise required by laws, regulations or changes in accounting standards, Air Partner accepts no obligation to update these statements as a result of future events or new information subsequently obtained. New announcements will be made to the market as required under the Disclosure and Transparency Rules.

Trends and factors affecting the business

As of today, the world is in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. The aviation sector has been severely impacted on a global basis over recent months and, as a consequence, the environment in which we operate has changed dramatically. The impact of this change and uncertainty is likely to remain for the foreseeable future. Economic uncertainty affects corporate, government and individual customers and affects the quality of aircraft supply as operators consolidate or leave the market. These trends are outside the Group's control, but the strategy remains to diversify services to the addressable market and broaden the customer mix. We are closely following events as they develop and are working to ensure Air Partner prospers, whatever the future may hold for our industry.

Principal risks and uncertainties

In addition to the COVID-19 risks highlighted above, the Group continues to operate in a highly competitive market where there are number of inherent risks, including operational aviation related risks (such as quality and quantity of supply, adverse weather conditions, competitive pricing pressure and regulatory changes) and financial risks (such as foreign exchange and interest rate fluctuations, credit risk and liquidity and cash flow management).

In order to counteract the market challenges, the Company continues to diversify its revenue streams and acquire businesses that provide broader economic exposure, greater revenue visibility and operational synergies. Whilst this will have a positive impact, there is also a risk involving integration within the Group.

The Board reviews risks which may have a significant impact on the Group. The principal risks and uncertainties of the Group are detailed below.

 
                                                                                                                                               Controls/processes                                                 Areas of strategy 
Category      Risk description                                              Potential Impact                                                    to mitigate                                                        impacted 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Operational   People 
 No change      *    The challenge of creating an effective workforce               *    Inability to attract and retain key individuals             *    Leadership development programme launched.                   *    Customers. 
                     through quality business leaders who engender a                     leading to a loss of earnings and key 
                     results-orientated culture and foster creativity.                   customer/supplier contacts. 
                                                                                                                                                     *    New vision and values defined for the organisation.          *    Developing and retaining our people. 
 
                *    Attracting new talent and retaining existing key               *    The loss of key personnel following acquisitions may 
                     staff who have in-depth knowledge of the business and               impact performance and value.                               *    Annual performance management reviews using best             *    Growing organically. 
                     industry.                                                                                                                            practice processes. 
 
                                                                                    *    Risk impact concerning COVID-19 relates to a loss of                                                                          *    Broadening our offer. 
                *    Our people are our competitive advantage especially                 productivity, high sickness rates and employee              *    Remuneration packages evaluated regularly against 
                     around sector knowledge, key customer relationships                 fatigue.                                                         market trends. 
                     and technical expertise in the aviation industry. 
 
                                                                                                                                                     *    Diversity and inclusion initiatives are in place and 
                *    A more recent challenge has been keeping the                                                                                         delivering results. 
                     workforce effective whilst ensuring their safety 
                     during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is expected that 
                     there will also be challenges in remobilising the                                                                               *    Investment to build a learning organisation with a 
                     workforce once normal working practices resume. This                                                                                 focus on culture, reward and recognition. 
                     applies to both staff who have been furloughed and 
                     staff who remained. 
                                                                                                                                                     *    Regular town hall forums to communicate the business 
                                                                                                                                                          strategy and performance. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                     *    Emergency response plan to restrict the effect of 
                                                                                                                                                          COVID-19 on the workforce, including furloughing and 
                                                                                                                                                          the implementation of safety measures. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                     *    Design of plan to reintroduce staff to the working 
                                                                                                                                                          environment post COVID-19. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                    Owner: Craig Pattison, 
                                                                                                                                                    Chief People and 
                                                                                                                                                    Technology Officer 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Environment   Changing market 
 and market    environment                                                         *    The inherent risk of the limited visibility of future    *    We have a large customer base that is diversified             *    Customers. 
 Increased      *    Air charter bookings can be materially impacted by                 bookings and contraction of charter availability may          across business sectors. We also have a strong 
                     changes in financial markets, political instability                result in reduced gross profit and a cost structure           network of suppliers across geographic regions. This 
                     and natural events affecting the movement of people                that does not align with market conditions.                   allows for some 'smoothing' when there are seasonal           *    Maintaining brand value. 
                     or cargo.                                                                                                                        or sectorial changes in demand. 
 
                                                                                   *    The risk of long-term social distancing and the                                                                             *    Growing organically. 
                *    The financial challenges to operators and the                      sporadic peaks around the global pandemic of COVID-19    *    Air Partner actively seeks to improve the forward 
                     consequent availability of capacity continues to be a              could result in a laboured return to normal air               visibility of its earnings by investing in the growth 
                     factor in the market.                                              travel and reduced levels of trading into 2021.               of its Safety & Security division. To this end, 
                                                                                        Safety & Security is well placed to adopt and grow in         Redline Worldwide Limited was acquired in December 
                                                                                        a new aviation environment, largely down to its               2019, which has strong order book coverage through 
                *    Safety & Security are largely stable trading                       ability to deliver many of its services through its           long-term contracts and strong customer 
                     environments with predicable industry needs resulting              technology investments using e-Learning, virtual              relationships. See acquisition note 2. This will help 
                     from mandated regulatory requirements. Fluctuations                classrooms and digital security and safety platforms,         smooth the inevitable peaks and troughs in the 
                     occur from major security incidents from acts of                   amongst others.                                               Charter division. 
                     unlawful interference and acts of terrorism resulting 
                     in greater demand for new equipment, training and 
                     quality assurance.                                                                                                          *    We continue to focus on overheads relative to our 
                                                                                                                                                      revenues and take corrective action where necessary. 
 
                *    COVID-19 has created additional uncertainty around 
                     the future of the market. Whilst there has been some                                                                        *    We are monitoring the marketplace and assessing 
                     increase in demand for certain products and services                                                                             indications of changes due to COVID-19. 
                     in the short term, future demand and the availability 
                     of operators cannot be predicted. 
                                                                                                                                                Owner: Kevin Macnaughton, 
                                                                                                                                                Managing Director, 
                                                                                                                                                Charter 
                                                                                                                                                David McCown, 
                                                                                                                                                President, Air 
                                                                                                                                                Partner Americas 
                                                                                                                                                Paul Mason, Managing 
                                                                                                                                                Director, Safety 
                                                                                                                                                & Security 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Environment   Market disruption 
 and market   (including climate                                              *    The Group's ability to maintain and grow revenues and         *    We continue to invest in improving the customer               *    Customers. 
 Increased    change concerns                                                      gross profit could be adversely affected.                          experience of Air Partner, relative to peers, and 
              and the COVID-19                                                                                                                        review technology innovations in the sector. 
              pandemic)                                                                                                                                                                                             *    Growing organically. 
               *    The challenge of retaining and attracting customers 
                    in a highly competitive environment with low barriers                                                                        *    We actively seek feedback and undertake customer 
                    to entry (in Charter).                                                                                                            surveys to ensure we remain responsive to customer 
                                                                                                                                                      demands, relative to competitors. 
 
               *    The risk of falling behind competitors in product 
                    development, technology innovation, standards of                                                                             *    Our Marketing division has completed a rebranding 
                    service or cost effectiveness.                                                                                                    exercise during the year and is in the process of 
                                                                                                                                                      rolling this out across the Group. This should help 
                                                                                                                                                      customer retention and attract new customer 
               *    The impact of customers' concerns in respect of air                                                                               propositions. 
                    travel on the environment, in particular private jets, 
                    and the possible reduction in demand. 
                                                                                                                                                 *    We are considering further measures to ease climate 
                                                                                                                                                      change concerns, including carbon offsetting 
               *    The impact on the aviation industry if there are                                                                                  opportunities. Any changes in regulations may be an 
                    governmental and regulatory changes in respect to the                                                                             opportunity for our Safety & Security division. 
                    climate change agenda. 
 
                                                                                                                                                 *    We are introducing measures in order to mobilise 
               *    Restrictions and the reduction in air travel as a                                                                                 quickly to meet market demand driven by the effect of 
                    result of concerns over the spread of COVID-19. It is                                                                             COVID-19 and post COVID-19 when restrictions are 
                    not known how long this may impact the market and                                                                                 eased. 
                    what the recovery will look like. 
 
                                                                                                                                                Owner: Kevin Macnaughton, 
                                                                                                                                                Managing Director, 
                                                                                                                                                Charter 
 
                                                                                                                                                David McCown, 
                                                                                                                                                President, Air 
                                                                                                                                                Partner Americas 
 
                                                                                                                                                Paul Mason, Managing 
                                                                                                                                                Director, Safety 
                                                                                                                                                & Security 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Operational   IT systems and cybersecurity 
 Increased      *    Cyber-attacks seeking to compromise the                  *    Breaches of confidentiality and attacks on the                     *    The Group uses modern IT systems and ensures that        *    Customers. 
                     confidentiality, integrity and availability of IT             Company's assets could affect customer service,                         they are well maintained and upgraded regularly to 
                     systems and the data held on them are an increasing           financial performance and reputation.                                   mitigate the risk of failure. 
                     risk.                                                                                                                                                                                          *    Maintaining brand value. 
 
                                                                              *    Systems failure could result in business interruption              *    Investment in training and resources to counteract 
                *    Risks from social engineering and potential losses            and lost revenue.                                                       cyber threats. 
                     through fraud and theft. 
 
                                                                              *    Financial losses through payment deception.                        *    Our business resilience is underpinned by our 
                *    The dependency on resilient IT systems and good                                                                                       technology and geographical spread, which allow our 
                     security awareness has been heightened due to                                                                                         business to be operated and maintained from any of 
                     COVID-19 as fraudsters have looked to capitalise on                                                                                   our locations. 
                     the situation. 
 
                                                                                                                                                      *    In case of an outage, external contingency 
                                                                                                                                                           arrangements are tested on a regular basis. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                      *    The Group has cyber insurance to mitigate the impact 
                                                                                                                                                           of any cyber-related losses. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                      *    Reinforcement of good IT security measures to be 
                                                                                                                                                           observed by staff during homeworking due to COVID-19. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                     Owner: Craig Pattison, 
                                                                                                                                                     Group People and 
                                                                                                                                                     Technology Officer 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Strategic     Growth - geographical 
 Increased     expansion, acquisitions                                        *    Business growth puts pressure on all resources in an          *    Detailed due diligence undertaken with appropriately          *    Broadening our offer. 
               and integration                                                     organisation that may not have had the time to scale               skilled personnel, supported internally and 
               risk                                                                up or adequately plan for the change.                              externally as required. 
                *    Our growth strategy is one of organic growth and                                                                                                                                               *    Customers. 
                     complementary acquisitions in aviation services. 
                     Growth presents both a risk and an opportunity.          *    Poor acquisitions lead directly to financial damage           *    Project teams are established with clear lines of 
                                                                                   and indirectly to reduced shareholder confidence.                  responsibility and ownership. Ultimately the Board            *    Growing organically. 
                                                                                                                                                      reviews progress on key strategic projects and 
                *    We have opened new offices in Houston, Singapore and                                                                             post-completion reviews of both acquisitions and 
                     Dubai over the last financial year and continue to       *    Financial performance suffers from goodwill or other               organic growth initiatives. 
                     consider other locations and opportunities. The risk          impairment charges. 
                     here is that the investment does not deliver the 
                     expected returns relative to the business case.                                                                             *    Appropriate representations and warranties negotiated, 
                                                                              *    Newly acquired businesses deliver less value or                    commensurate with target's size and risk profile. 
                                                                                   require more investment than anticipated. 
                *    We may invest funds and resources in acquisitions 
                     which fail to deliver on expectations due to                                                                                *    Detailed integration plans drawn up with key 
                     incorrect due diligence or poor execution post                                                                                   accountabilities. 
                     acquisition. In 2019, we acquired Redline Worldwide 
                     Limited to complement our existing Consulting & 
                     Training business, which we have now renamed Safety &                                                                       *    Post-acquisition reviews conducted to capture key 
                     Security.                                                                                                                        learnings for future acquisitions and business cases. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                Owner: Mark Briffa, 
                                                                                                                                                CEO 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Compliance    Regulatory environment, 
and internal   ethics and compliance                                          *    Non-compliance with regulations could result in loss          *    The Group has dedicated legal resources supplemented          *    Customers. 
controls        *    The challenge of operating in multiple jurisdictions          of customers or damage to the Group's reputation.                  by external support arrangements to ensure the 
No change            that are subject to many different and evolving laws                                                                             management team fully understands current and future 
                     and regulations.                                                                                                                 legal and regulatory risk.                                    *    Developing and retaining our people. 
                                                                              *    Ethics or compliance breaches cause harm to our 
                                                                                   reputation, financial performance, customer 
                *    We have c.450 employees in a number of countries.             relationships and ability to attract and retain               *    The implementation of the Group's compliance                  *    Maintaining brand value. 
                     Individuals may not all behave in accordance with the         talent.                                                            programme is a regular agenda item at both Board and 
                     Company's values and ethical standards.                                                                                          Audit and Risk Committee meetings. 
 
 
                *    We operate in markets requiring strict adherence to                                                                         *    During the year, we have introduced a new tool to 
                     laws such as: bribery and corruption; international                                                                              improve how we review and monitor our 'Know Your 
                     trade laws; and General Data Protection Regulation                                                                               Customer' processes and delivered training in our 
                     (GDPR).                                                                                                                          main business locations. We have enhanced how we 
                                                                                                                                                      train our staff in areas such as general data 
                                                                                                                                                      protection, market abuse regulation and share dealing, 
                                                                                                                                                      confidentiality, conflicts of interest, 
                                                                                                                                                      whistleblowing, trade compliance and money 
                                                                                                                                                      laundering. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                Owner: Judith 
                                                                                                                                                Banks, General 
                                                                                                                                                Counsel and Company 
                                                                                                                                                Secretary 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Contractual   Supplier and operators 
and             *    Reliance on third parties for delivery of services to    *    Failure of aircraft or operator chartered by Air              *    We have an approved list of aircraft that we charter             *    Customers. 
counterparty         end customers.                                                Partner.                                                           on behalf of our customers, ensuring that the best 
No change                                                                                                                                             and most appropriate aircraft is used. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       *    Maintaining brand value. 
                *    Operator compliance with relevant regulations.           *    Loss of customers and revenues. 
                                                                                                                                                 *    Air Partner's approved list is continually screened, 
                                                                                                                                                      assessed and benchmarked to ensure every aircraft                *    Growing organically. 
                *    Financial exposure if customers fail to pay for          *    Loss of earnings and cash impact.                                  meets all our stringent tests, as well as all 
                     Charter services after Air Partner has paid the                                                                                  third-party requirements and independent assessments. 
                     operators in advance of flight take-off, which is 
                     customary practice in the industry.                      *    Negative reputational ramifications. 
                                                                                                                                                 *    The Group constantly monitors defaults of customers 
                                                                                                                                                      and other counterparties and incorporates this 
                *    During COVID-19, there has been an increased focus on                                                                            information into its credit risk controls. 
                     contractual and counterparty risks as staff have 
                     operated to shorter timescales and, in some cases, 
                     urgent demand.                                                                                                              *    It is the Group's policy that all counterparties 
                                                                                                                                                      which wish to trade on credit terms are subject to an 
                                                                                                                                                      external credit verification process before and 
                                                                                                                                                      during the business relationship. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                 *    Where appropriate, we also aim to use third-party 
                                                                                                                                                      bank guarantees instead of cash deposits. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                 *    We are monitoring the resilience of operators and 
                                                                                                                                                      ensuring key contracting controls are observed during 
                                                                                                                                                      the COVID-19 pandemic. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                Owner: Kevin Macnaughton, 
                                                                                                                                                Managing Director, 
                                                                                                                                                Charter 
                                                                                                                                                David McCown, 
                                                                                                                                                President, Air 
                                                                                                                                                Partner Americas 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Financial     Financial management 
 performance   and performance                                                *    Loss of earnings.                                             *    The Group's policy on foreign currency risk is not to         *    Customers. 
 Increased      *    There is a foreign exchange risk as we buy and sell                                                                              enter into forward contracts until a firm contract 
                     goods and services in currencies other than Sterling,                                                                            has been signed. Furthermore, Air Partner considers 
                     particularly with regard to the US Dollar and Euro                                                                               using derivatives where appropriate to hedge its              *    Maintaining brand value. 
                     rates.                                                                                                                           exposure to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. 
                                                                                                                                                      The purpose is to manage the currency risks arising 
                                                                                                                                                      from the Group's operations.                                  *    Growing organically. 
                *    There is both a credit and liquidity risk in paying 
                     operators before a flight occurs or before payment is 
                     received from the customer.                                                                                                 *    The Group aims to mitigate credit and liquidity risk 
                                                                                                                                                      by making payments to operators only once payment 
                                                                                                                                                      from the customer has been received, where possible. 
                *    We need to always ensure we have sufficient cash and 
                     banking facilities to respond quickly to market 
                     conditions and investment opportunities as they arise                                                                       *    Regular monitoring of cash and investment in banking 
                     (i.e. acquisition and business expansion).                                                                                       relationships, creating a culture of cash management 
                                                                                                                                                      across the organisation. 
 
                *    The financial pressures of COVID-19 have caused an 
                     increased focus on cash and liquidity.                                                                                     Owner: Joanne 
                                                                                                                                                Estell, CFO 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Compliance    Effective control 
and internal   environment                                                    *    Loss of earnings.                                             *    Our risk management and internal control framework is         *    Maintaining brand value. 
controls        *    Ensuring appropriate and effective controls and risk                                                                             overseen by the Audit and Risk Committee (ARC). The 
No change            management frameworks are embedded in our changing                                                                               Head of Risk and Assurance supports the ARC and is 
                     business.                                                *    Damage to brand reputation and stakeholder trust.                  responsible for the internal audit function. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                 *    We have introduced measures to track the 
                                                                                                                                                      implementation of agreed control improvements. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                 *    We have a number of automated initiatives currently 
                                                                                                                                                      underway to enhance operational and financial 
                                                                                                                                                      controls. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                Owner: Mark Briffa, 
                                                                                                                                                CEO 
 
                                                                                                                                                Joanne Estell, 
                                                                                                                                                CFO 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
Environment      Concerns over Brexit 
 and market      and levels of uncertainty                                    *    Financial loss.                                                    *    Senior management and the Board have regularly           *    Growing organically 
 Decreased        *    During 2019, there was continued uncertainty around                                                                                 considered the potential impact of the UK's 
                       the UK's exit from the EU (Brexit), and the                                                                                         withdrawal from the EU. 
                       implications this would have for both the UK and       *    Business interruption. 
                       aviation markets. 
                                                                                                                                                      *    While the full implications and consequences will not 
                                                                                                                                                           be understood and experienced until later in 2020, 
                  *    The uncertainly directly impacted the Charter                                                                                       the Group continues to regularly monitor the economic 
                       business as organisations delayed key flying                                                                                        indicators of the markets in which it trades, and is 
                       decisions and activities.                                                                                                           experienced in implementing appropriate mitigating 
                                                                                                                                                           actions. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                      *    The Group has strong relationships with technical 
                                                                                                                                                           specialists and regularly liaises with them to ensure 
                                                                                                                                                           that the Group is well placed to react to legislative 
                                                                                                                                                           or other changes that occur as a result of Brexit. 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                     Owner: Kevin Macnaughton, 
                                                                                                                                                     Managing Director, 
                                                                                                                                                     Charter 
                                                                                                                                                     Paul Mason, Managing 
                                                                                                                                                     Director, Safety 
                                                                                                                                                     & Security 
------------  ------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------------- 
 

Related party transactions

There has been no significant change in the level of transactions between Air Partner plc and its subsidiaries since that disclosed in the annual report for the year ended 31 January 2019. Such transactions did not materially affect the financial position or performance of the Group in the period under review. There are no other related party transactions which are required to be disclosed under DTR 4.2.8R.

Consolidated income statement

for the year ended 31 January 2020

 
                                                                  Year        Year 
                                                                 ended       ended 
                                                            31 January  31 January 
                                                                  2020        2019 
 Continuing operations                                Note     GBP'000     GBP'000 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Gross transaction value (GTV)                           2     236,816     273,348 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Revenue                                                 2      66,664      77,461 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Gross profit                                            3      34,158      35,458 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Administrative expenses before exceptional and 
  other items                                                 (29,180)    (29,039) 
 Exceptional and other items                             4     (3,296)     (2,445) 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total administrative expenses                                (32,476)    (31,484) 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Net impairment losses on financial assets                       (205)       (413) 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Operating profit                                                1,477       3,561 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Operating profit before exceptional and other 
  items                                                          4,773       6,006 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Finance income                                                     71          32 
 Finance costs                                                   (612)       (224) 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Finance costs - net                                             (541)       (192) 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Profit before income tax                                          936       3,369 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Profit before income tax and exceptional and other 
  items                                                          4,232       5,814 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Income tax expense                                      5       (633)       (484) 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Profit for the year                                               303       2,885 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Attributable to: 
 Owners of the parent company                                      303       2,885 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Earnings per share: 
 Continuing operations 
 Basic                                                   7        0.6p        5.6p 
 Diluted                                                 7        0.6p        5.4p 
 ---------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income

for the year ended 31 January 2020

 
                                                                        Year        Year 
                                                                       ended       ended 
                                                                  31 January  31 January 
                                                                        2020        2019 
                                                            Note     GBP'000     GBP'000 
----------------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Profit for the year                                                      303       2,885 
Other comprehensive (expense) / income - items that 
 may subsequently be reclassified to profit or loss: 
Adoption of IFRS 16                                           16       (167)           - 
Exchange differences on translation of foreign operations              (403)          26 
----------------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Total other comprehensive (expense) / income                           (570)          26 
----------------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Total comprehensive (expense) / income for the year                    (267)       2,911 
----------------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Attributable to: 
Owners of the parent Company                                           (267)       2,911 
----------------------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 

The above consolidated income statement and consolidated statement of comprehensive income should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Consolidated statement of changes in equity

for the year ended 31 January 2020

 
                                          Share               Own 
                                        premium   Merger   shares               Retained    Total 
                                 Share  account  reserve  reserve  Translation  earnings   equity 
                               capital                                 reserve 
                               GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000      GBP'000   GBP'000  GBP'000 
-----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Opening equity as at 1 
 February 2018 (as restated)       522    4,814      295    (748)        1,038     5,487   11,408 
Profit for the year                  -        -        -        -            -     2,885    2,885 
Exchange differences on 
 translation of foreign 
 operations                          -        -        -        -           26         -       26 
-----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total comprehensive income 
 for the year                        -        -        -        -           26     2,885    2,911 
Transactions with owners 
 of the Company: 
Share option charge in 
 the year                            -        -        -        -            -       252      252 
Share options exercised 
 during the year                     -        -        -      422            -     (422)        - 
Dividends paid (note 6)              -        -        -        -            -   (2,890)  (2,890) 
-----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total transactions with 
 owners of the Company               -        -        -      422            -   (3,060)  (2,638) 
-----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Closing equity as at 31 
 January 2019                      522    4,814      295    (326)        1,064     5,312   11,681 
-----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
 
 
                                         Share               Own 
                                Share  premium   Merger   shares  Translation  Retained    Total 
                              capital  account  reserve  reserve      reserve  earnings   equity 
                              GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000      GBP'000   GBP'000  GBP'000 
----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Opening equity as at 1 
 February 2019                    522    4,814      295    (326)        1,064     5,312   11,681 
Adoption of IFRS 16(1)              -        -        -        -            -     (167)    (167) 
Profit for the year                 -        -        -        -            -       303      303 
Exchange differences on 
 translation of foreign 
 operations                         -        -        -        -        (403)         -    (403) 
----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total comprehensive expense 
 for the year                       -        -        -        -        (403)       136    (267) 
Transactions with owners 
 of the Company: 
Issue of shares                    13    1,081        -        -            -     (435)      659 
Share option charge for 
 the year                           -        -        -        -            -        59       59 
Share options exercised 
 during the year                    -        -        -      168            -     (146)       22 
Dividends paid (note 6)             -        -        -        -            -   (2,961)  (2,961) 
----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Transactions with owners 
 of the Company                    13    1,081        -      168            -   (3,483)  (2,221) 
----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Closing equity as at 31 
 January 2020                     535    5,895      295    (158)          661     1,965    9,193 
----------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -----------  --------  ------- 
 

1 Please refer to note 16 - Changes in accounting policy, for further details about the adoption of IFRS 16

The above consolidated statement of changes in equity should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Consolidated statement of financial position

as at 31 January 2020

 
                                              31 January  31 January 
                                                    2020        2019 
                                        Note     GBP'000     GBP'000 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 ASSETS 
 Non-current assets 
 Goodwill                                  8       8,641       6,750 
 Other intangible assets                          11,872       4,882 
 Property, plant and equipment                     7,698         855 
 Deferred tax assets                                 284         365 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total non-current assets                         28,495      12,852 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Current assets 
 Trade and other receivables               9      18,801      19,062 
 Current tax assets                                  318         313 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 JetCard bank balances                            16,742      17,692 
 Other cash and cash equivalents                   4,633       7,462 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total cash and cash equivalents          10      21,375      25,154 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total current assets                             40,494      44,529 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total assets                                     68,989      57,381 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 LIABILITIES 
 Current liabilities 
 Trade and other payables                 11     (5,669)     (8,044) 
 Current tax liabilities                           (627)       (593) 
 Other liabilities                        12     (5,014)     (3,736) 
 Deferred income and JetCard deposits           (24,658)    (25,412) 
 Derivative financial instruments                   (39)         (8) 
 Lease liabilities                               (5,448)           - 
 Deferred consideration                          (1,318)       (800) 
 Provisions                                        (469)       (689) 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total current liabilities                      (43,242)    (39,282) 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Net current (liabilities) / assets              (2,748)       5,247 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Non-current liabilities 
 Borrowings                                     (11,500)     (5,500) 
 Lease Liabilities                               (1,860)           - 
 Deferred consideration                            (982)           - 
 Deferred tax liability                          (1,819)       (700) 
 Provisions                                        (393)       (218) 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total non-current liabilities                  (16,554)     (6,418) 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total liabilities                              (59,796)    (45,700) 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Net assets                                        9,193      11,681 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 EQUITY 
 Share capital                                       535         522 
 Share premium account                             5,895       4,814 
 Merger reserve                                      295         295 
 Own shares reserve                                (158)       (326) 
 Translation reserve                                 661       1,064 
 Retained earnings                                 1,965       5,312 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 Total equity                                      9,193      11,681 
 -------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 

These financial statements were approved and authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 22 May 2020 and were signed on its behalf by:

   M A Briffa                             J E Estell 
   Director                                Director 

The above consolidated statement of financial position should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Consolidated statement of cash flows

for the year ended 31 January 2020

 
                                                               Group 
                                                       ---------------------- 
                                                             Year        Year 
                                                            ended       ended 
                                                       31 January  31 January 
                                                             2020        2019 
                                                 Note     GBP'000     GBP'000 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Cash generated from operations                     14       9,109       3,097 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
- Interest received                                            71          32 
- Interest paid                                             (578)       (224) 
Income tax paid                                             (898)       (996) 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Net cash inflow from operating activities                   7,704       1,909 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Investing activities 
- Purchases of property, plant and equipment                (549)       (136) 
- Purchases of intangible assets                            (376)       (351) 
- Acquisition of subsidiaries                             (7,446)           - 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Net cash used in investing activities                     (8,371)       (487) 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Financing activities 
- Dividends paid to the Company's shareholders            (2,961)     (2,890) 
- Proceeds on exercise of share options                        22           - 
- Repayment of finance lease liabilities                  (5,414)           - 
- Increase in borrowings                                    6,000       3,000 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Net cash generated from/(used in) financing 
 activities                                               (2,353)         110 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash 
 equivalents                                              (3,020)       1,532 
Opening cash and cash equivalents                          25,154      23,193 
Effect of changes in foreign exchange rates                 (759)         429 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
Closing cash and cash equivalents                          21,375      25,154 
-----------------------------------------------  ----  ----------  ---------- 
 

JetCard cash

The closing cash and cash equivalents balance can be further analysed into 'JetCard cash' and 'non-JetCard cash' as follows:

 
                                                  Group 
                                             ---------------- 
                                                2020     2019 
                                             GBP'000  GBP'000 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Total JetCard cash (see explanation below)    16,742   17,692 
Non-JetCard cash                               4,633    7,462 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Cash and cash equivalents                     21,375   25,154 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

JetCard cash is included on the cashflow as it does not meet the IFRS definition of restricted cash. JetCard cash is cash received from customers participating in the JetCard programme in advance of bookings being made. It is managed through segregated bank accounts set aside for these purposes and is not used for Air Partner's working capital needs.

The above consolidated statements of cash flows should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

Notes to the financial statements

for the year ended 31 January 2020

1 General information

Air Partner plc (the Company) is a public listed company which is listed on the London Stock Exchange and incorporated and domiciled in the UK under registration number 00980675. The address of the registered office is 2 City Place, Beehive Ring Road, Gatwick, West Sussex RH6 0PA. The nature of the Group's operations and its principal activities are set out in the 2020 Annual Report.

The condensed financial information set out herein does not constitute the Group's statutory accounts within the meaning of section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. Statutory accounts for the year ended 31 January 2019 have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies and those for the 2020 year end will be delivered following the Group's Annual General Meeting to be held on 15 July 2020.

The auditor's reports on the financial statements for the year ended 31 January 2020 was unqualified and did not contain a statement under Section 498 of the Companies Act 2006. The 2019 financial statements were qualified solely in respect of the impact of the historical accounting issues affecting the comparative 2018 figures.

2 Accounting policies

a) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The accounting policies adopted are consistent with those of the previous financial year, except as described in the following sections.

The consolidated financial statements and company financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) and interpretations issued by the IFRS Interpretations Committee (IFRS IC) adopted for use in the European Union in accordance with EU law (IAS Regulation EC1606/2002) and those parts of the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS.

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the revaluation of certain financial instruments which are stated at fair value, and are presented in Sterling, being the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Group operates. Unless otherwise stated, figures are rounded to the nearest thousand.

The Company's UK subsidiaries listed below are exempt from the requirements to audit their accounts under section 479A of the Companies Act 2006:

   --      Air Partner Aviation Services Limited, company number 03874833 
   --      Air Partner Consulting Limited, company number 02070950 
   --      Aviation Compliance Limited, company number 06545827 
   --      Clockwork Research Limited, company number 05477740 
   --      Redline Worldwide Limited, company number 09510974 

Under section 479C of the Companies Act 2006, Air Partner plc, being the parent undertaking these entities, has given a statutory guarantee of all the outstanding liabilities to which the subsidiaries are subject to as at 31 January 2020.

Adoption of new and revised standards

The following new and revised standards and interpretations have been adopted in the current year.

                  --      IFRS 16 Leases; 
                  --      Prepayment Features with Negative Compensation - Amendments to IFRS 9; 
                  --      Long-term Interests in Associates and Joint Ventures - Amendments to IAS 28; 
                  --      Annual Improvements to IFRS Standards '2015 - 2017' Cycle; 
                  --      Plan Amendment, Curtailment or Settlement - Amendments to IAS 19; and 
                  --     Interpretation 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments. 

The Group has had to change its accounting policies as a result of adopting IFRS 16. The Group elected to adopt the new rules retrospectively but recognised the cumulative effect of initially applying the new standard on 1 February 2019. This is disclosed in note 16 - Changes in accounting policy. The other amendments listed above did not have any impact on the amounts recognised in prior periods and are not expected to significantly affect the current or future periods.

New standards, amendments and interpretations in issue but not yet effective

The IASB and IFRS Interpretations Committee have issued the following standards and interpretations with an effective date of implementation for accounting periods beginning after the date on which the Group's financial statements for the current year commenced.

 
                                 Effective for 
Effective after 31 January        accounting periods 
 2020                             beginning on or after  Endorsed by the EU 
-------------------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
New standards 
IFRS 17 Insurance Contracts      1 January 2021          No 
-------------------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 
                                 Effective for 
                                  accounting periods 
                                  beginning on or after  Endorsed by the EU 
-------------------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
Amendments 
IAS 1 Presentation of Financial 
 Statements                      1 January 2020          No 
IAS 8 Accounting Policies        1 January 2020          No 
References to the Conceptual 
 Framework in IFRS Standards     1 January 2020          No 
-------------------------------  ----------------------  ------------------ 
 

IFRS 17 is not applicable to the Group, as it does not issue insurance or investment contracts.

There are no standards and interpretations in issue but not yet adopted which, in the opinion of the Directors, will have a material effect on the reported income or net assets of the Group or Company.

b) Basis of consolidation

Subsidiaries are all entities (including structured entities) over which the Group has control.

The Group controls an entity where the Group is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power to direct the activities of the entity.

Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group. They are deconsolidated from the date that control ceases.

The acquisition method of accounting is used to account for business combinations by the Group.

Where necessary, adjustments are made to the financial statements of subsidiaries to bring the accounting policies used into line with those used by the Group. All intra-group transactions, balances, income and expenses are eliminated on consolidation.

c) Going concern

The Group's business activities, together with the factors likely to affect its future development, performance and position are set out in the 2020 Annual Report. The financial position of the Group, its cash flows, liquidity position and borrowing facilities are described in the 2020 Annual Report.

COVID-19 has increased uncertainty surrounding the future trading environment for the Group. Whilst performance in the first quarter of FY21 has been very strong, supported by additional Group Charter activity of repatriation flights and freight, there remains uncertainty over the trading performance for the rest of the year. Accordingly, the Directors have undertaken a thorough assessment in evaluating Going Concern. This has been assessed by reference to cash forecasts through to May 2021, which reflect a cautious view of trading activity across our divisions, and further sensitivities have then been applied to reflect a slower recovery in underlying performance from the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Directors have also assessed banking covenants throughout this period and taken the precautionary step to obtain waivers of our banking covenants for the periods October 2020 through until April 2021.These waivers have been granted by our lenders. In all scenarios tested there are no reasonably foreseeable downside scenarios where the Group would not maintain sufficient liquidity.

The Directors have taken steps to equip the Group to deal with the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. These include reviewing credit terms, cost cutting measures and utilising government support for staff costs where appropriate. The Directors believe the steps detailed above and the strong cash position at the end of April 2020 mean the Group is well placed to manage its business and meet its liabilities as they fall due. In reaching this conclusion, the Directors have taken into account the risks identified in the Principal Risks and Uncertainties.

The Directors have a reasonable expectation that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. Thus they continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing the annual financial statements.

d) Foreign currency

i) Functional and presentational currency

Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group's entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (the functional currency). The consolidated financial statements are presented in GB Pounds (GBP), which is Air Partner plc's functional and presentation currency.

ii) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated at the foreign exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the reporting date are translated to the functional currency of the entity at the foreign exchange rate ruling at that date. Foreign exchange differences arising on translation are recognised in the income statement. Non-monetary assets and liabilities that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

iii) Translation of foreign operations in group consolidated financial statements

The assets and liabilities of foreign operations are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the reporting date. Income and expenses are translated at the average rate for the period. Exchange differences arising are classified as equity and transferred to the Group's translation reserve.

e) Goodwill

Goodwill arising in a business combination is recognised as an asset at the date that control is acquired (the acquisition date). Goodwill is measured as the excess of the sum of the consideration transferred, the amount of any non-controlling interest in the acquiree and the fair value of the acquirer's previously held equity interest (if any) in the entity over the net of the acquisition date amounts of the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed.

Goodwill denominated in currencies other than Sterling is revalued at the rate of exchange ruling at the statement of financial position date.

If, after reassessment, the Group's interest in the fair value of the acquiree's identifiable net assets exceeds the sum of the consideration transferred, the amount of any non-controlling interest in the acquiree and the fair value of the acquirer's previously held equity interest in the acquiree (if any), the excess is recognised immediately in the income statement as a bargain purchase gain.

Goodwill is not amortised but is reviewed for impairment at least annually. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill is allocated to each of the Group's cash-generating units expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination. Cash-generating units to which goodwill has been allocated are tested for impairment annually, or more frequently when there is an indication that the unit may be impaired. If the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit is less than the carrying amount of the unit, the impairment loss is allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit and then to the other assets of the unit pro-rata on the basis of the carrying amount of each asset in the unit. An impairment loss recognised for goodwill is not reversed in a subsequent period.

On disposal of a subsidiary the attributable amount of goodwill is included in the determination of the profit or loss on disposal.

f) Intangible assets

Internally generated assets

Internally generated intangible assets developed by the Group are recognised only if all of the following conditions are met:

   --    an asset is created that can be identified; 
   --    management intends to complete the asset and use or sell it; 
   --    it is probable that the asset created will generate future economic benefits; and 
   --    the development cost of the asset can be measured reliably. 

Amortisation is charged to the income statement so as to write off the cost of assets less their residual values over their estimated useful lives. The carrying value of intangible assets with a finite life is reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

Other intangible assets

Intangible assets arising on acquisition are stated at fair value less accumulated amortisation and any impairment losses. Amortisation of the carrying value of intangible assets arising on acquisition is charged to the income statement over the estimated useful life, which is as follows:

   Brands                                               10%-50% per annum on a straight-line basis 
   Mandates/order book                         over the life of the mandate 
   Customer contracts                            over the life of the contract 
   Customer relationships                      5%-33.3% per annum on a straight-line basis 
   Training materials                              10% per annum on a straight-line basis 
   Software asset                                   20%-33.3% per annum on a straight-line basis 
   Right of use assets                            over the life of the lease 

The carrying value of intangible assets with a finite life is reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Similarly, the remaining useful life of intangible assets are reviewed and if any of those need to be shortened due to events or changes in circumstances then the amortisation charge is correspondingly increased to reflect the shorter life.

g) Property, plant and equipment

Items of property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and any impairment losses.

Depreciation is charged to the income statement so as to write off the cost of assets less their residual values over their estimated useful lives, as follows:

   Short leasehold property                  over the life of the lease on a straight-line basis 
   Leasehold improvements                 over the life of the lease on a straight-line basis 
   Fixtures and equipment                    10%-33% per annum on a straight-line basis 

Motor vehicles 25% reducing balance and 20% per annum on a straight-line basis

   Right of use assets                           over the life of the lease 

h) Impairment of tangible and intangible assets excluding goodwill

At each statement of financial position date, the Group reviews the carrying amounts of its tangible and intangible assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where the asset does not generate cash flows that are independent from other assets, the Group estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. An intangible asset with an indefinite useful life is tested for impairment at least annually and whenever there is an indication that the asset may be impaired.

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognised immediately in the income statement, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation decrease.

Where an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset (or cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognised immediately in the income statement, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal of the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation increase.

i) Financial instruments

Financial assets

The Group classifies its financial assets in the following categories: at fair value through profit or loss, or at amortised cost. The classification depends on the purpose for which the financial assets were acquired. Management determines the classification of its financial assets at initial recognition.

Purchases and sales of financial assets are recognised on the trade date - the date on which the Group commits to purchase or sell the asset. Financial assets are initially recognised at fair value plus transaction costs, except for financial assets held at fair value through profit or loss, which are initially recognised at fair value, and transaction costs are expensed in the income statement. Financial assets are derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows have expired or have been transferred and the Group has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership.

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

A financial asset is classified in this category if acquired principally for the purpose of selling in the short term. Derivatives are also categorised as fair value through profit and loss unless they are designated as hedges. Assets in this category are classified as current assets if they are expected to be settled within 12 months; otherwise, they are classified as non-current. Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are initially recognised at fair value at the date the contract is entered into, and subsequently gains or losses arising from changes in their fair value are presented in the income statement within administrative expenses in the period in which they arise. The Group's financial assets at fair value through profit or loss comprise derivative financial instruments.

Derivative financial instruments

From time to time the Group enters into derivative financial instruments, including foreign exchange forward contracts, to manage its exposure to foreign exchange rate risk. Derivatives not designated into an effective hedge relationship are classified as a financial asset or a financial liability. The Group has not designated any derivatives as hedging items and therefore does not apply hedge accounting.

Trade and other receivables and accrued income

Trade and other receivables and accrued income are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. They are included in current assets, except for maturities greater than 12 months at the end of the reporting period. These are classified as non-current assets. Trade and other receivables and accrued income are subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

Trade receivables

Trade receivables are amounts due from customers for services performed in the ordinary course of business. If collection is expected in one year or less, they are classified as current assets. If not, they are presented as non-current assets.

Provision for impairment of trade receivables has been made using an expected credit loss model in addition to any further specific provisions which are assessed on an individual receivable basis. Please refer to note 9 - Trade and other receivables for further details.

Other receivables

Other receivables are other amounts contractually due from third parties, for example deposits receivable for leased assets.

Accrued income

Accrued income is revenue that has been contracted and recognised in accordance with the Group's accounting policies, but not yet invoiced.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash balances and call deposits with an original maturity of three months or less. The carrying amount of these assets approximates their fair value.

The Group holds cash deposits as part of its JetCard programme. These deposits can be utilised by the customer at any time. The full policy for the treatment of these balances is set out in note 2s - JetCard programme.

Financial liabilities

The Group classifies its financial liabilities in the following categories: at fair value through profit or loss and at amortised cost. The classification depends on the purpose for which the financial liabilities were acquired. Management determines the classification of its financial liabilities at initial recognition. Financial liabilities are recognised when the Group becomes a party to the contractual agreement of the instrument.

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

A financial liability is classified in this category if acquired principally for the purpose of selling in the short term. Derivatives are also categorised as fair value through profit and loss unless they are designated as hedges. Liabilities in this category are classified as current liabilities if they are expected to be settled within 12 months; otherwise, they are classified as non-current. Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are initially recognised at fair value at the date the contract is entered into, and subsequently gains or losses arising from changes in their fair value are presented in the income statement within administrative expenses in the period in which they arise. The Group's financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss comprise derivative financial instruments.

Financial liabilities at amortised cost

The Group's financial liabilities at amortised cost comprise trade payables, other payables, accrued costs and borrowings. They are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs, and are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. JetCard deposits are included within financial liabilities as they are contractually repayable upon demand.

Trade payables

Trade payables are obligations to pay for goods or services that have been acquired in the ordinary course of business from suppliers. Trade payables are classified as current liabilities if payment is due within one year or less. If not, they are presented as non-current liabilities.

Other payables

Other payables that are financial liabilities at amortised cost are certain customer deposits which are contractually refundable to customers on demand.

Accrued costs

Accrued costs are costs that have been contracted and recognised in accordance with the Group's accounting policies, but for which invoices have not yet been received or payments made, as applicable.

Borrowings

Borrowings consist of an interest-bearing bank loan, which is recorded at amortised cost. Issue costs are amortised over the life of the loan.

Offsetting financial instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the statement of financial position when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Equity instruments issued by the Group

An equity instrument is a contract that evidences a residual interest in the asset of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments are recorded at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs. The Group's equity instruments comprise share capital in the statement of financial position.

j) Provisions

Provisions are recognised when the Group has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that the Group will be required to settle that obligation. Provisions are measured at the Directors' best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the obligation at the reporting date and are discounted to present value.

A restructuring provision is recognised when the Group has developed a detailed formal plan for the restructuring and has raised a valid expectation in those affected that it will carry out the restructuring by starting to implement the plan or announcing its main features to those affected by it.

k) Revenue

Revenues are derived from aircraft chartering services, aircraft remarketing services, aircraft inspection services and the provision of aviation-related training and safety consulting services. In line with IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers, where a contract has been determined as principal, the full amount of the invoice is recognised as revenue. Where Air Partner is not acting as principal, revenue is recognised on an agency basis and only gross profit, being the difference between the amount invoiced to the customer and the third-party costs incurred, is reported as revenue. Revenue is measured as the transaction price receivable for the provision of goods and services to third-party customers and is stated exclusive of value added tax and is only recognised when control has passed to the customer.

The different revenue streams are listed below and the segments the revenue will be included in as shown in note 3 - Segmental analysis.

Aircraft chartering services - Group Charter, Private Jets and Freight

Amounts receivable in respect of aircraft chartering services are recognised as revenue when the economic benefits are deemed to have passed to the customer, which is generally the flight date. This applies equally whether or not the customer is in the JetCard programme. In instances where the Group is acting as agent, the net amount receivable by the Group is recognised as revenue. The determination as to whether Air Partner is considered principal or agent in a contract depends on whether or not Air Partner is contractually obliged under the terms of the contract to provide the particular service.

Aircraft remarketing services - Group Charter

Air Partner Remarketing's (formerly Cabot Aviation Services Limited) principal activity is that of an aircraft remarketing broker. Fees earned in respect of these services are either recognised when legal title to the aircraft has passed to the customer or for termination of contract fees that the Group has a reasonable expectation to recover, based on work completed to date and the progress of the sale.

Aircraft inspection services - Safety and security

Aircraft registered with the Isle of Man Aircraft Registry, which is managed by Baines Simmons Limited, require an annual inspection. Amounts receivable in respect of such inspections are recognised as revenue once the aircraft has been inspected.

Provision of aviation-related training and safety consulting services - Safety and security

Baines Simmons Limited, Redline Aviation Security Limited, Clockwork Research Limited and SafeSkys Limited provide various aviation-related specialist training and consultancy services. Revenue is recognised by reference to the delivery of the services. Amounts in respect of unbilled services provided to customers are recognised as revenue at the statement of financial position date.

l) Segmental reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision maker. The chief operating decision maker, which is responsible for resource allocation and assessing performance of the operating segments, is considered to be the Board. The nature of the operating segments is set out in note 3 - Segmental analysis.

m) Share based payments

From time to time the Group will grant options to employees to subscribe for ordinary shares in the Company. The fair value of options granted is recognised as an employee benefits expense, with a corresponding increase in equity. The total amount to be expensed is determined by reference to:

   -       the fair value of the option and grant date using an appropriate valuation model method; 

- management's estimate of the likelihood that the non-market performance conditions will be achieved; and

- the impact of any non-vesting conditions (e.g. an employee leaving before the vesting period is finished).

The total expense is recognised over the vesting period in the income statement, which is the period over which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied. A credit is recorded within equity which corresponds to the income statement charge in each period. At the end of each period, the entity revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to vest based on the non-market vesting and service conditions. It recognises the impact of the revision to original estimates, if any, in the income statement, with a corresponding adjustment to equity.

n) Retirement benefit costs

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are charged as an expense in the period in which the employees render service. Payments made to state-managed retirement benefit schemes are dealt with as payments to defined contribution schemes where the Group's obligations under the schemes are equivalent to those arising in a defined contribution retirement benefit scheme.

Air Partner SAS operates a defined benefit pension scheme and the liability of the scheme is recognised in the statement of financial position at the present value of the obligation at the statement of financial position date. The obligation is calculated annually by independent actuaries and actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in assumptions are recognised in full in the period in which they occur.

o) Taxation

The tax expense represents current and deferred tax. Tax is recognised in the income statement except to the extent that it relates to items recognised directly in equity, in which case it is recognised in equity.

Current tax is the expected tax payable on the taxable income for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date, and any adjustments to the tax payable in respect of previous years.

Deferred tax is the tax expected to be payable or recoverable on differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit and is accounted for using the statement of financial position liability method. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all temporary differences and deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which deductible temporary differences can be utilised. Such assets and liabilities are not recognised if the temporary differences arise from goodwill or from the initial recognition (other than in a business combination) of other assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit.

Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates that are enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

p) Leasing

Until 31 January 2019, leases were classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transferred all, or substantially all, of the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases were classified as operating leases. Rental income or expenditure from operating leases was recognised on a straight line-basis over the lease term.

As explained in note 2a - Basis of preparation of the financial statements, above, the Group has changed its accounting policy for leases where the Group is the lessee. The new policy is described and the impact of the change is quantified in note 16 - Changes in accounting policy.

From 1 February 2019, leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership were not transferred to the Group as lessee were classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) were charged to income statement on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

From 1 February 2019 the majority of leases of property, plant and equipment held by the Group as lessee, which had been classed as operating leases, were reclassified as finance leases. Finance leases were capitalised, at the lease's inception at the fair value of the leased property or, if lower, the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding rental obligations, net of finance charges, were included in other short-term and long-term payables. Each lease payment was allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost was charged to the income statement over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period. The property, plant and equipment acquired under finance leases was depreciated over the asset's useful life, or over the shorter of the asset's useful life and the lease term if there is no reasonable certainty that the Group will obtain ownership at the end of the lease term.

q) Dividends

Final dividends on ordinary shares are recognised as a liability in the period in which the dividends are approved by the Company's shareholders. Dividends are recognised as a liability in the period in which they are approved.

r) Deferred income

Deferred income is comprised of amounts received or receivable from customers in respect of which services are yet to be provided or flights that are yet to occur.

For contracts where the Company is the principal, the full amount of deferred revenue will be recognised within revenue upon performance of services. For contracts where the Company is acting as agent, the amount of future revenue to be recognised will be purely the Company's agency commission element of these amounts.

In the charter business Air Partner generally invoices its customers in advance of the flight date. The value of these invoices is taken to deferred income and is only released to the income statement when the revenue is recognised at the time of the flight date on an invoice by invoice basis.

However IFRS 15 requires in cases where trade receivables are matched by deferred consideration, i.e. the flight has not yet taken place and the payment is not yet contractually due, that neither of those amounts is recognised in the statements of financial position. Therefore deferred income under IFRS 15 relates only to contracts where Air Partner has raised an invoice(s) to the customer and been paid for the same by the date of the statement of financial position.

s) JetCard programme

The JetCard programme is one where the customer purchases a JetCard in advance for their future flight requirements. The JetCard balance changes over time as the customer uses that balance for flights or replenishes it. The Company manages its JetCard cash balances through segregated bank accounts and it only uses this cash to satisfy JetCard orders not for its own working capital purposes, and for this reason JetCard cash is separately disclosed in the statement of financial position. The JetCard cash balances are assets of the Company, are included in the financial statements and are matched by equal JetCard deposit liabilities so the impact on net assets is nil.

Periodic reviews of the JetCard cash balances are performed to identify dormant or unutilised customer balances. A customer balance that has not had any activity within the last four years, be this usage (flights), cash top-up or refund, is followed up with the customer to understand the reason for the lack of activity. This follow-up would include seeking permission to return the funds and if this approval is not received after several attempts, and is fully evidenced and approved by the Head of Private Jets, the balance will then be recognised in the consolidated income statement. Full records of the historical balances are maintained and reconciled on a monthly basis.

The timing of revenue recognition is the same for flights chartered through the JetCard programme as that for other flights.

t) Gross profit

In the charter business segments the gross profit relating to a flight is calculated as being its charter price less all the direct costs associated with its fulfilment. It does not include the cost of Air Partner staff nor overheads.

In the training and consultancy business segment, gross profit is calculated as being the price of a contract less all the direct costs associated with delivering that contract including the costs of staff and contractors directly engaged in delivering the contracted service. It does not include the cost of other general Air Partner staff nor overheads.

u) Other non-GAAP measures

Gross transaction value (GTV) represents the total value invoiced to customer and is stated exclusive of value added tax.

Operating profit before exceptional and other items and profit before tax before exceptional and other items are disclosed in order to present what the Directors consider the underlying performance of the Group.

The Directors believe that the underlying profit and earnings per share measures provide additional useful information for shareholders on the underlying performance of the business. These measures are consistent with how underlying business performance is measured internally and these are referred to in the Annual Report. The underlying profit before tax measure is not a recognised profit measure under IFRS and may not be directly comparable with adjusted profit measures used by other companies.

The adjustments made to reported profit before tax are to exclude the following:

   --    restructuring costs; 

-- significant and one-off impairment charges, non-recurring income and movements in provisions that distort underlying trading;

-- costs relating to strategy changes that are not considered normal operating costs of the underlying business;

-- acquisition related items, including acquisition costs and subsequent adjustments to deferred or contingent considerations recognised in the income statement;

   --    amortisation of intangible assets recognised on acquisition; and 
   --    acquisition consideration classified as an employee cost under IFRS 3 Business Combinations. 

v) Critical accounting judgements and sources of estimation uncertainty

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenses. These estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and various other factors believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ from these estimates. These underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods if these are also affected. Management also needs to exercise judgement in applying the Group's accounting policies.

Critical judgements in applying the Group's accounting policies

The following are the critical judgements, apart from those involving estimations (which are dealt with separately below), that the Directors have made in the process of applying the Group's accounting policies and that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in financial statements.

Revenue recognition

One of the key judgements in relation to revenue recognition is the judgement of whether the Group is acting as principal or agent in transactions with customers in its charter business. In making its judgement, management considers the detailed terms of sales transactions with customers in order to determine whether the Group is performing as the principal obligor. This assessment determines how revenue is recognised as either principal or agent in accordance with IFRS 15. Note 3 - Segmental analysis, gives a comparison of gross transaction value and revenue by revenue stream.

COVID-19 - post balance sheet event and going concern

The global economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been assessed by the Directors for its potential impact on balances held at the year end date and on the going concern assessment.

The full macroeconomic impact of the pandemic was not apparent until after the balance date and the Directors have determined that it is not an adjusting post balance sheet event. The support for this decision is laid out in note 17 - Post balance sheet events.

The going concern assessment has accounted for the expected impact on trading over the coming year and steps management has taken to address this as detailed in note 17 - Post balance sheet events and note 2c - Going concern .

Exceptional item classification

Operating profit before exceptional and other items and profit before tax before exceptional and other items are disclosed in order to present what the Directors consider the underlying performance of the Group. The Directors exercise judgement over which costs are considered to be exceptional or other items and these are detailed in note 4 - Exceptional and other items. The Directors review all items included within this note to ensure they are in line with the policy set out in note 2u - Other non-GAAP measures. If these costs were not considered to be exceptional they would have a material impact on the underlying results of the Group.

Key sources of estimation uncertainty

The key assumptions concerning the future, and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting period, that may have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are as noted below.

Weighted average cost of capital calculation

The Group's weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is used as the discount rate in the calculating the present value of expected future cash flows in models for valuing intangible assets acquired on acquisition and impairment testing. WACC is reassessed at the end of each financial year.

The WACC is calculated as weighted average of the cost of equity and the cost of debt. The weighting is based on the market value of debt and equity at the balance sheet date. The cost of debt is based on the average rate on the Group's bank borrowing throughout the year. The cost of equity is based on market information supplied by the Group's brokers to assess expected risk and compared to similar listed companies on the market.

The Group has used a WACC of 8.65% (2019: 8.65%) for the current year. A decrease in WACC of 1% would have resulted in the following variances:

 
                                        Per accounts 
                                          (WACC of       WACC of 7.65%     Variance 
                                            8.65% 
                                          GBP'000          GBP'000        GBP'000 
                                       -------------  ----------------  ----------- 
 Intangible assets recognised on 
  acquisition of Redline Worldwide 
  Limited (note 13)                        7,500            7,700           200 
                                       -------------  ----------------  ----------- 
 Goodwill recognised on acquisition 
  of Redline Worldwide Limited (note 
  13)                                      3,644            3,478          (166) 
                                       -------------  ----------------  ----------- 
 Impairment of goodwill in SafeSkys 
  Limited (note 8)                         1,885            1,550          (335) 
                                       -------------  ----------------  ----------- 
 

Acquisition accounting - customer relationships

Details of the acquisition of Redline Worldwide Limited are included in note 13 - Acquisition of subsidiaries. As detailed above, the values are impacted by the WACC discount figure used in determining the net present value of the cash flows relating to the intangible used. Assumptions relating to the consideration payable on acquisition are detailed in the acquisition note and are not considered to be material.

Customer relationships rely on additional assumptions to determine the forecast return. Revenue from individual customers and the margin expected has been based on historical performance and forecast income as per the information supplied by Redline Worldwide Limited and reviewed by Grant Thornton as part of the due diligence work.

The model then includes an annual reduction to forecast revenue for each customer each year for the probability that the customer will not be retained. The reduction is based on an annual probability and this compounds each year, reducing the potential uncertainty relating to more distant financial periods.

The probability for each customer is based on the length of the historical relationship, discussions with Redline management and due diligence undertaken by Grant Thornton. Increasing the loss probability for all customers by 5% would result in a reduction to the customer relationship asset of approximately GBP500,000 at the acquisition date with an offsetting increase in goodwill.

Impairment

Impairment calculations for goodwill and investments compare the values held at year end for each cash-generating unit (CGU) to the present value of discounted future cash flow. Cash flows are discounted at WACC.

The cashflow includes assumptions for future performance. The models are driven by gross profit. Operating expenses and tax are based on historical information; gross profit is considered to be the only material source of uncertainty. The forecast revenue is based on historical performance, the forecast for the subsequent fiscal year and the underlying strategy for that CGU. Forecasts beyond the subsequent fiscal year are conservative and assume a growth rate in line with long term economic forecasts.

An impairment has been booked during the year in relation to SafeSkys Limited. Sensitivity analysis for the key assumptions is set out in note 8 - Goodwill.

Provision for outflows resulting from French tax investigation

Air Partner International S.A.S. has undergone a prior year tax reassessment principally in relation to indirect taxes following which the French Tax Administration has raised a challenge on some treatments and has issued a demand for additional payment and fines. Air Partner International S.A.S. challenged a number of these demands and is currently in communication with the French Tax Administration.

A provision of GBP283,000 was made at the financial mid-year based on the most recent communication with the French Tax Administration and external legal advice. The provision has been reassessed at year end and determined not to require adjusting. Air Partner International S.A.S. has now provided a comprehensive response to the French Tax Administration and is awaiting further communication.

The provision remains Management's best estimate of the reassessment liability based on a thorough examination of the points raised in the review and expert legal advice of tax matters in France. Whilst the absolute range of outcomes could be materially different from the provision, management believes the chance of a material variance is negligible based on the most recent assessment.

Prior to the advent of COVID-19 it was expected the next stage of the inspection would be completed in summer 2020; however, this may now be delayed and final resolution of this matter is not expected for some time.

3 Segmental analysis

The services provided by the Group consist of chartering different types of aircraft and related aviation services.

The Group has four segments: Group Charter, Private Jets, Freight and Safety & Security. Air Partner Remarketing's (formerly Cabot Aviation Services Limited) results are aggregated into Group Charter. Overheads with the exception of corporate costs are allocated to the Group's segments in relation to operating activities.

Sales transactions between operating segments are carried out on an arm's length basis. All results reviewed by the Board (which is the chief operating decision maker) are prepared on a basis consistent with those that are reported in the financial statements.

The Board does not review assets and liabilities at segmental level; therefore these items are not disclosed. The segmental information, as provided to the Board on a monthly basis, is as follows:

 
Year ended 31 January 2020               Group  Private               Safety  Corporate 
                                       Charter     Jets  Freight  & Security      costs     Total 
Continuing operations                  GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000     GBP'000    GBP'000   GBP'000 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Gross transaction value                136,979   69,808   19,813      10,216          -   236,816 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Revenue                                 26,434   25,233    4,781      10,216          -    66,664 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Segmental gross profit                  14,724   11,672    3,158       4,604          -    34,158 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Administrative expenses and net 
 impairment losses on financial 
 assets                               (11,598)  (9,104)  (2,921)     (3,703)    (2,059)  (29,385) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Depreciation and amortisation 
 of non-acquired assets (included 
 within administrative expenses)(1)    (1,168)    (253)     (68)       (137)          -   (1,626) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Operating profit before exceptional 
 and other items                         3,126    2,568      237         901    (2,059)     4,773 
Exceptional and other items (see 
 note 4)                                  (87)       34        -     (2,541)      (702)   (3,296) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Segment result                           3,039    2,602      237     (1,640)    (2,761)     1,477 
Finance income                                                                                 71 
Finance expense                                                                             (612) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Profit before income tax                                                                      936 
Income tax expense                                                                          (633) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
Profit for the year                                                                           303 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  ----------  ---------  -------- 
 

(1) Depreciation of GBP4.6 m relating to right of use assets is included within gross profit.

 
Year ended 31 January 2019 
                                                                    Safety 
                                         Group  Private                  &  Corporate 
                                       Charter     Jets  Freight  Security      costs     Total 
Continuing operations                  GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000   GBP'000    GBP'000   GBP'000 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Gross transaction value                147,766   66,550   50,526     8,506          -   273,348 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Revenue                                 32,462   25,090   11,403     8,506          -    77,461 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Segmental gross profit                  15,937   10,404    4,891     4,226          -    35,458 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Administrative expenses and net 
 impairment losses on financial 
 assets                               (11,848)  (8,953)  (2,894)   (3,585)    (2,172)  (29,452) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Depreciation and amortisation 
 of non-acquired assets (included 
 within administrative expenses)         (398)    (265)    (124)     (107)          -     (894) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Operating profit before exceptional 
 and other items                         4,089    1,451    1,997       641    (2,172)     6,006 
Exceptional and other items (see 
 note 4)                                 (292)        -        -     (199)    (1,954)   (2,445) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Segment result                           3,797    1,451    1,997       442    (4,126)     3,561 
Finance income                                                                               32 
Finance expense                                                                           (224) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Profit before income tax                                                                  3,369 
Income tax expense                                                                        (484) 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
Profit for the year                                                                       2,885 
------------------------------------  --------  -------  -------  --------  ---------  -------- 
 

The Company is domiciled in the UK but, due to the nature of the Group's operations, a significant amount of gross profit is derived from overseas countries. The Group reviews gross profit based upon the location of the business operations used to generate that gross profit. Apart from the UK, no single country is deemed to have material non-current asset levels other than there is goodwill in relation to the French operation of GBP936,000 (2019: GBP974,000) and right of use assets in Italy of GBP4,042,000 (2019: GBPnil).

The Board also reviews information on a geographical basis based on parts of the world in which it has business operations. As a result the following additional information is provided showing a geographical split of the UK, Europe, the USA and the Rest of the world based upon the location of the relevant business operation which contracts the business.

 
                                                                         Rest 
                                                                           of 
                                              UK   Europe      USA  the world    Total 
Continuing operations                    GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000    GBP'000  GBP'000 
---------------------------------------  -------  -------  -------  ---------  ------- 
Year ended 31 January 2020 
Gross transactional value                 89,322   97,534   49,197        763  236,816 
Gross profit                              17,427    8,732    7,826        173   34,158 
Non-current assets (excluding deferred 
 tax assets)                              22,185    5,698      304         24   28,211 
---------------------------------------  -------  -------  -------  ---------  ------- 
Year ended 31 January 2019 
Gross transactional value                103,146  109,357   60,097        748  273,348 
Gross profit                              17,426    9,915    8,067         50   35,458 
Non-current assets (excluding deferred 
 tax assets)                              11,226    1,221       37          3   12,487 
---------------------------------------  -------  -------  -------  ---------  ------- 
 

Europe can be further analysed as:

 
                              France  Germany    Italy    Other    Total 
Continuing operations        GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000  GBP'000 
---------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  ------- 
Year ended 31 January 2020 
Gross transactional value     26,206   24,599   23,489   23,240   97,534 
Gross profit                   1,994    4,091    1,416    1,231    8,732 
---------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  ------- 
Year ended 31 January 2019 
Gross transactional value     53,033   22,951   14,219   19,154  109,357 
Gross profit                   4,083    2,762    1,570    1,500    9,915 
---------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  ------- 
 

4 Exceptional and other items

The Group has identified a number of items which are material due to the significance of their nature and/or amount. They are listed separately here to provide a better understanding of the financial performance of the Group.

 
                                                            2020     2019 
Continuing operations                                    GBP'000  GBP'000 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Changes in Board and operating board composition1          (195)    (396) 
Costs relating to the accounting review and associated 
 items2                                                        -  (1,300) 
Amortisation of purchased intangibles3                     (656)    (376) 
Acquisition costs(4)                                       (604)        - 
Abortive acquisition costs(5)                                  -    (550) 
Disposal of subsidiary(6)                                    (4)        - 
Costs incurred and provision for outflows resulting 
 from French tax investigation(7)                          (657)        - 
Impairment of Goodwill(8)                                (1,885)        - 
Settlement of historical legal disputes(9)                   389        - 
Release of deferred consideration(10)                        316      177 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                                         (3,296)  (2,445) 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Tax effect of other items11                                  233      322 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Exceptional and other items after taxation               (3,063)  (2,123) 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

1 Changes in Board composition in the prior year relate to the unforeseen costs of changing the Group's Chief Financial Officer; the costs of hiring of an Interim Chief Financial Officer; the recruitment costs for a new Chair following the untimely death of Peter Saunders and the costs of recruiting the Senior Non-executive Director. Following the accounting review in the prior year the Directors undertook an internal review of the Group Operating Board and determined that several roles were excess to requirements. The employees in these roles left during the year and have not been replaced. The level of Board changes and associated costs in both years were considered highly unusual and are not expected to recur in future periods.

2 The costs of the accounting review and associated expense relating to the accounting errors identified in prior years.

   3     Relates to the amortisation of purchased intangibles. 

4 The acquisition costs incurred in the year were in respect of the acquisition of Redline Worldwide Limited. Please see note 13 - Acquisition of subsidiaries for further details.

5 The abortive acquisition costs in the prior year primarily related to professional fees expensed in respect of potential acquisitions, which were abandoned due to the accounting review.

6 The Group disposed of Air Partner Nordic during the year. The expense relates to the costs incurred on winding up the company.

7 A provision of GBP283,000 has been made in the period in respect of indirect tax charges for a prior year tax reassessment in France. The provision is based on Management's best estimate of the reassessment liability after taking expert legal advice. Final resolution of this matter is not expected for some time. Legal fees and expense directly attributable to the tax investigation of GBP374,000 have been incurred in the year in connection with this matter.

8 The impairment of goodwill is in relation to SafeSkys Limited. Please see Note 8 - Goodwill for further details.

9 The Group successfully closed two historical legal disputes in the year resulting in the receipt of cash settlements in both cases. The income recognised is net of associated legal expenses.

10 The release of deferred consideration is in relation to SafeSkys Limited, where a settlement was reached for less than the amount provided for in the prior year's financial statements. The release of the deferred consideration in the prior year is in respect of Clockwork Research Limited, where no further deferred consideration was payable.

11 A tax credit has been included in the current year in respect of the changes in Board composition, the amortisation of purchased intangibles, the UK elements of the winding-up of Air Partner Nordic, the settlement relating to the accounting review and the consolidation element of the provision for outflows in relation to the French investigation.

5 Income tax expense

 
                                                                  2020     2019 
Continuing operations                                          GBP'000  GBP'000 
-------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Current tax: 
UK corporation tax                                                 620      665 
Foreign tax                                                        408      289 
Current tax adjustments in respect of prior years (UK)1          (200)    (563) 
Current tax adjustments in respect of prior years (overseas)     (208)       40 
-------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                                                   620      431 
Deferred tax                                                        13       53 
-------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Total tax                                                          633      484 
-------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Of which: 
Tax on underlying profit                                           866      806 
Tax on other items (see note 4)                                  (233)    (322) 
-------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                                                   633      484 
-------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

1 The current tax adjustment in respect of the prior years in the UK for the prior year includes a GBP409,000 credit in respect of the accounting issue adjustments made in the prior year's financial statements which has now been agreed with the tax authorities. This amount was anticipated and referred to in note 2a - Basis of preparation of financial statements and accounting restatement, in the 2018 Annual Report and Financial Statements.

Corporation tax in the UK was calculated at 19.0% (2019: 19.0%) of the estimated assessable profit for the year. Taxation for other jurisdictions was calculated at the rates prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

The charge for the year can be reconciled to the profit per the consolidated income statement as follows:

 
                                                                 2020     2019 
                                                              GBP'000  GBP'000 
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Profit from continuing operations before income tax expense       936    3,369 
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Income tax at the UK corporation tax rate of 19.0% (2019: 
 19.0%)                                                           178      641 
Effect of changes in tax rates                                      -        - 
Tax effect of items that are not recognised in determining 
 taxable profit                                                   407       81 
Tax effect of different tax rates of subsidiaries operating 
 in other jurisdictions                                         (158)       57 
Current tax adjustments in respect of prior years(1)            (408)    (657) 
Deferred tax not recognised(2)                                    603      290 
Options deductions                                                 11       72 
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Total income tax expense                                          633      484 
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

1 The current tax adjustment in respect of the prior years in the UK for the prior year includes a GBP409,000 credit in respect of the accounting issue adjustments made in the prior year's financial statements which has now been agreed with the tax authorities. This amount was anticipated and referred to in note 2a - Basis of preparation of financial statements and accounting restatement, in the 2018 Annual Report and Financial statements.

2 Deferred tax not recognised in the current year relates to tax losses carried forward in France and Italy that have not been recognised as deferred tax assets. Management have opted not to recognise these assets based on the expected economic impact of Covid 19 and therefore do not expect the losses to be useable in the foreseeable future. The assumption will be reassessed each year.

At the balance sheet date, a reduction to the UK corporation tax to 17% on 1 April 2020 had been substantively enacted on 16 October 2016. Deferred tax balances have been stated at this rate. In the Spring Budget 2020, the Government announced that from 1 April 2020 the corporation tax rate would remain at 19% (rather than reducing to 17%, as previously enacted). This new law was substantively enacted on 17 March 2020. As the proposal to keep the rate at 19% had not been substantively enacted at the balance sheet date, its effects are not included in these financial statements.

6 Dividends

 
                                                          2020     2019 
                                                       GBP'000  GBP'000 
-----------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Amounts recognised as distributions to owners of the 
 parent Company 
Final dividend for the year ended 31 January 2019 of 
 3.85 pence per share                                    2,011        - 
Final dividend for the year ended 31 January 2018 of 
 3.80 pence per share                                        -    1,979 
Interim dividend for the year ended 31 January 2020 
 of 1.80 pence per share                                   950        - 
Interim dividend for the year ended 31 January 2019 
 of 1.75 pence per share                                     -      911 
-----------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                                         2,961    2,890 
-----------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

Due to the issues faced by the aviation industry as a result of the Coronavirus, the Board expects that it will not be in a position to make a recommendation on dividend payments until the crisis has passed, and a clearer outlook has emerged.

The Air Partner Employee Benefit Trust, which held 69,928 ordinary shares of 1 pence each at 31 January 2020 (2019: 146,883 ordinary shares of 1 pence each) representing 0.13% (2019: 0.28%) of the Company's issued share capital, is not entitled to receive dividends. A further 90,910 ordinary shares of 1 pence each (2019: 181,820 ordinary shares of 1 pence each) are also held by the Trust in a nominee capacity for one (2019: one) beneficiary of the Trust but dividends are received in respect of those shares.

7 Earnings per share

 
                         2020   2019 
Earnings per share      Pence  Pence 
----------------------  -----  ----- 
Continuing operations 
Basic                     0.6    5.6 
Diluted([1])              0.6    5.4 
----------------------  -----  ----- 
 
 
                                         2020   2019 
Earnings per share                      Pence  Pence 
--------------------------------------  -----  ----- 
Excluding exceptional and other items 
Basic                                     6.4    9.6 
Diluted                                   6.3    9.4 
--------------------------------------  -----  ----- 
 
 
                                                            2020     2019 
From continuing operations                               GBP'000  GBP'000 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Earnings 
Profit attributable to owners of the parent Company          303    2,885 
Adjustment to exclude exceptional and other items([1])     3,063    2,123 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Underlying earnings for the calculation of basic and 
 diluted earnings per share                                3,366    5,008 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

1 The calculation of underlying earnings per share (before exceptional and other items) is included as the Directors believe it provides a better understanding of the underlying performance of the Group. Exceptional and other items are disclosed in note 4 - Exceptional and other items.

The calculation of the basic and diluted earnings per share is based on the following data:

 
                                                               2020        2019 
Weighted average number of ordinary shares                   Number      Number 
-------------------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
Issued and fully paid                                    52,756,188  52,217,565 
Less those held by the Air Partner Employee Benefit 
 Trust                                                     (85,952)   (239,888) 
-------------------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
Number for the calculation of basic earnings per share   52,670,236  51,977,677 
-------------------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
Effect of dilutive potential ordinary shares: share 
 options                                                    844,022   1,399,368 
-------------------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
Number for the calculation of diluted earnings per 
 share                                                   53,514,258  53,377,045 
-------------------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 

8 Goodwill

 
 
Group                                   GBP'000 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
Cost 
At 1 February 2018                        6,753 
Foreign currency adjustments                (3) 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
At 31 January 2019                        6,750 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
Additions                                 3,814 
Foreign currency adjustments               (38) 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
At 31 January 2020                       10,526 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
Provision for impairment 
At 1 February2018 and 31 January 2019         - 
Charge for the year                     (1,885) 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
At 31 January 2020                      (1,885) 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
Net book value 
At 31 January 2020                        8,641 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
At 31 January 2019                        6,750 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
At 1 February 2018                        6,753 
--------------------------------------  ------- 
 

The additions in the year related to the acquisition of Redline Worldwide Limited (see note 13 - Acquisition of subsidiaries) for GBP3,644,000. An adjustment of GBP170,000 for SafeSkys Limited was made during the year following finalising the settlement of the amount payable on acquisition.

Goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated, at acquisition, to the cash-generating units (CGUs), or group of units that are expected to benefit from that business combination. Before recognition of impairment losses, the carrying amount of goodwill has been allocated as follows:

 
                                       2020     2019 
                                    GBP'000  GBP'000 
----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Air Partner International S.A.S.1       936      974 
Baines Simmons Limited                1,711    1,711 
Cabot Aviation Services Limited         787      787 
Clockwork Research Limited              396      396 
Redline Worldwide Limited             3,644        - 
SafeSkys Limited                      3,052    2,882 
----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                     10,526    6,750 
----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

1 The goodwill held in respect of Air Partner International S.A.S. arose in the local currency of Euros and therefore the amount expressed in sterling varies depending on exchange rates

Impairment testing

Goodwill and other intangibles are tested for impairment at least annually or when there is an indication that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Value in use is calculated as the net present value of the projected risk-adjusted cash flows of the cash-generating unit (CGU). These forecast cash flows are based on the 2021 budget and the five-year strategic plan. The impairment models will include sensitivity testing to ascertain whether a reasonable change in the underlying assumptions could indicate an impairment.

Management's annual impairment test identified an impairment in respect of SafeSkys Limited. No impairment was identified in respect of the following CGUs:

   --    Air Partner International S.A.S.; 
   --    Baines Simmons Limited; 
   --    Cabot Aviation Services Limited 
   --    Clockwork Research Ltd; and 
   --    Redline Worldwide Limited. 

As an impairment has been recorded against SafeSkys Limited, any further adverse change in assumptions would give rise to a further impairment in value. Sensitivity analysis is provided below. There is no reasonably foreseeable change in assumptions that would give rise to an impairment in value of the other goodwill balances.

Impairment testing assumptions

Based on the impairment testing of SafeSkys Limited, management identified a potential impairment as at 31 January 2021. The key assumptions used in the value in use calculation for SafeSkys Limited and all other CGUs were:

   --    sales: projected sales are built up in line with the strategic business plan; 
   --    margins: reflect the anticipated margins within the strategic business plan; 

-- discount rate: an exercise has been undertaken to review the discount rate resulting in a post-tax discount rate of 8.65%; and

-- long-term growth rates: growth rates for the period after the detailed forecasts are based on the long-term GDP projections, which is 2%.

The assumptions used in the impairment testing model were as follows:

   Basis of valuation                                            Value in use 
   Discount rate                                                   8.65% 
   Period covered by management projections   5 years 
   Long-term growth rates                                   2.0% 

Sensitivity 1

A further reduction on forecasted operating profit of 10% each year to account for non-renewal or cost creep in existing contracts.

Sensitivity 2

The discount rate has been increased by 4%. This adjustment is deemed to capture all environmental changes and reflect a tougher trading environment compared to the base case.

The following sensitivities have been provided in relation to SafeSkys, being the only CGU where the Directors believe a reasonable change in assumptions could give rise to a further impairment in value.

 
                            Goodwill 
                                 and 
                               other 
                          intangible 
                     PV       assets    Impairment 
Scenario        GBP'000      GBP'000       GBP'000 
--------------  -------  -----------  ------------ 
Base case         1,775        3,660       (1,885) 
Sensitivity 1     1,598        3,660       (2,062) 
Sensitivity 2     1,064        3,660       (2,596) 
--------------  -------  -----------  ------------ 
 

There have been several key changes to the assumptions in the current year's strategic plan compared to the previous year. The key change in assumption is the planned delay in the launch of the wildlife hazard management app due to revisions to the development plan following the acquisition of Redline Worldwide Limited. During the second half of year the Directors also took the decision to not further expand into the air traffic control market.

Based on the impairment testing performed the Directors have recognised an impairment of goodwill of GBP1,885,000.

9 Trade and other receivables

 
                                          Group 
                                     ---------------- 
                                        2020     2019 
                                     GBP'000  GBP'000 
-----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Gross trade receivables                9,623    8,893 
Loss allowance                         (854)    (698) 
-----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Trade receivables                      8,769    8,195 
Amounts owed by Group undertakings         -        - 
Social security and other taxes(1)     1,215      509 
Other receivables                        407      651 
Prepayments and accrued income(2)      8,410    9,707 
-----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                      18,801   19,062 
-----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

(1) The increase in social security and other taxes is due to greater grossing up debit and credit balances held in different entities. A matching movement can be seen in note 11 - Trade and other payables.

(2) Prepayments and accrued income are relatively high compared to trade receivables due to the impact of IFRS 15 and cashflow implications. The Group will often need to make payments in advance of the service performed to enable it to secure the resources required however the customer will not pay until nearer or after the flight date. As a result under IFRS 15 the trade debtor and matching deferred revenue is not recognised but the cash outflow and prepayment is.

Amounts owed by Group undertakings are interest-free, unsecured and repayable on demand.

Prepayments and accrued income include GBP5,692,000 of operator prepayments (2019: GBP4,953,000) and accrued

income of GBP1,973,000 (2019: GBP2,747,000). All accrued income is in relation to known invoices not issued at the year end. All accrued income will be converted within the 12 months. The remainder of the prepayments and accrued income is for prepayments relating to overheads.

Classification as trade receivables

Trade receivables are amounts due from customers for goods sold or services performed in the ordinary course of business. They are generally due for settlement within 30 days of becoming due.

The Directors consider that the carrying amount of trade and other receivables approximates their fair value.

All trade and other receivables have been reviewed for indicators of impairment. The movement in impaired receivables in the year is shown below:

 
                                            Group 
                                          GBP'000 
----------------------------------------  ------- 
At 1 February2018                             301 
Charge for the year                           413 
Receivables written off during the year      (16) 
----------------------------------------  ------- 
At 31 January 2019                            698 
Charge for the year                           205 
Receivables written off during the year      (27) 
Foreign currency adjustments                 (22) 
----------------------------------------  ------- 
At 31 January 2020                            854 
----------------------------------------  ------- 
 

Of the amounts impaired during the period, GBP123,000 (2019: GBP67,000) was for an amount past due by less than one year with the remainder being all overdue by more than one year.

An analysis of these financial assets at the statement of financial position date for 2020 is as follows:

 
                                                               Allowance 
                                                                 for bad 
                                                                     and 
                                                        Gross 
                                                        trade   doubtful        Trade 
                                                  receivables      debts  receivables 
                                                         2020       2020         2020 
Group                                                 GBP'000    GBP'000      GBP'000 
------------------------------------------------  -----------  ---------  ----------- 
Current                                                 3,066          -        3,066 
Aged: 
- By not more than three months                         4,635        (2)        4,633 
- By more than three months but not more than 
 six months                                               767      (231)          536 
- By more than six months but not more than one 
 year                                                     465       (21)          444 
- By more than one year                                   690      (600)           90 
------------------------------------------------  -----------  ---------  ----------- 
                                                        9,623      (854)        8,769 
------------------------------------------------  -----------  ---------  ----------- 
 
 
                                                               Allowance 
                                                                 for bad 
                                                                     and 
                                                        Gross 
                                                        trade   doubtful        Trade 
                                                  receivables      debts  receivables 
                                                         2019       2019         2019 
Group                                                 GBP'000    GBP'000      GBP'000 
------------------------------------------------  -----------  ---------  ----------- 
Current                                                 3,711       (63)        3,648 
Aged: 
- By not more than three months                         4,271       (74)        4,197 
- By more than three months but not more than 
 six months                                               315       (12)          303 
- By more than six months but not more than one 
 year                                                     103       (68)           35 
- By more than one year                                   493      (481)           12 
------------------------------------------------  -----------  ---------  ----------- 
                                                        8,893      (698)        8,195 
------------------------------------------------  -----------  ---------  ----------- 
 

10 Cash, borrowings and net cash

 
                                 Group 
                            ---------------- 
                               2020     2019 
Cash                        GBP'000  GBP'000 
--------------------------  -------  ------- 
JetCard cash                 16,742   17,692 
Non-JetCard cash              4,633    7,462 
--------------------------  -------  ------- 
Cash and cash equivalents    21,375   25,154 
--------------------------  -------  ------- 
 
 
                          Group 
                     ---------------- 
                        2020     2019 
Borrowings           GBP'000  GBP'000 
-------------------  -------  ------- 
Secured bank loans    11,500    5,500 
-------------------  -------  ------- 
 
 
                                                  Group 
                                             ---------------- 
                                                2020     2019 
                                             GBP'000  GBP'000 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Amount due for settlement within 12 months         -        - 
Amount due for settlement after 12 months     11,500    5,500 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                              11,500    5,500 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 
 
                   Group 
             ----------------- 
                 2020     2019 
Net cash      GBP'000  GBP'000 
-----------  --------  ------- 
Cash           21,375   25,154 
Borrowings   (11,500)  (5,500) 
-----------  --------  ------- 
Net cash        9,875   19,654 
-----------  --------  ------- 
 
 
                                                 Group 
                                           ----------------- 
                                               2020     2019 
Net cash/(debt) excluding JetCard cash      GBP'000  GBP'000 
-----------------------------------------  --------  ------- 
Non JetCard cash                              4,633    7,462 
Borrowings                                 (11,500)  (5,500) 
-----------------------------------------  --------  ------- 
Net (debt) / cash excluding JetCard cash    (6,867)    1,962 
-----------------------------------------  --------  ------- 
 

All borrowings are in Sterling.

The Group's borrowings consist of a bank loan of GBP11.5m (2019: GBP5.5m) from the Group's banker.

As part of the acquisition of Redline Worldwide Limited a new revolving credit facility was entered into during the year for GBP13.0m with an interest rate of 2.6% above LIBOR, expiring in February 2023. The loan is secured by a floating charge over the Company's assets.

11 Trade and other payables

 
                                                  Group 
                                             ---------------- 
                                                2020     2019 
                                             GBP'000  GBP'000 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Trade payables                                 3,421    6,383 
Other taxation and social security payable     2,248    1,661 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                               5,669    8,044 
-------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

(1) The increase in social security and other taxes is due to greater grossing up debit and credit balances held in different entities. A matching movement can be seen in note 9 - Trade and other receivables.

The Directors consider that the carrying amount of trade and other payables approximates to their fair value.

12 Other liabilities

 
                                          Group 
                                     ---------------- 
                                        2020     2019 
                                     GBP'000  GBP'000 
-----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Accruals                               4,880    2,704 
Other liabilities                        134    1,032 
Amounts owed to Group undertakings         -        - 
-----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                       5,014    3,736 
-----------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

Amounts owed to Group undertakings are interest-free, unsecured and repayable on demand.

The Directors consider that the carrying amount of other liabilities approximates to their fair value.

13 Acquisition of subsidiaries

On 12 December 2019, Air Partner plc acquired 100% of the issued share capital of Redline Worldwide Limited (Redline), obtaining control of the company and its subsidiaries (Redline Aviation Security Limited, Redline Assured Security Limited and Redline Assured SARL) on that date.

The headline price was GBP10.0m, on a debt free, cash free basis, with an initial consideration of GBP8.0m, comprised of cash of GBP7.4m and shares of GBP600,000, payable on completion and additional consideration of up to GBP2.0m payable over two years post completion. Details are provided below.

Established in 2006, Redline is a global leader in the delivery of government-standard security training and solutions to international airports, airlines and aviation-sector related companies, critical national infrastructure, stadia and event managers, and corporates. The products and services provided include: training - academy and e-Learning; quality assurance - covert testing and audits; compliance management - embedded Security Management Systems (SeMS) and security health monitoring software; and security consulting - design and development of security systems, processes and protocols.

The acquisition of Redline adds specialist consulting expertise and knowledge to Air Partner as well as offering significant growth opportunities and furthering the Group's relationships with airports, airlines, governments and corporates around the world.

 
                                                          GBP'000 
-------------------------------------------------------   ------- 
Fair value of net assets acquired 
Financial assets (excluding cash and cash equivalents)      1,718 
Cash and cash equivalents                                   1,080 
Property, plant and equipment                                 107 
Property, plant and equipment recognised under IFRS 
 16                                                           804 
Intangible assets - revenue under customer contracts        2,600 
Intangible assets - customer relationships                  3,500 
Intangible assets - research and development                1,400 
Provisions recognised on acquisition                        (213) 
Deferred tax liability on acquisition                     (1,212) 
Financial liabilities                                     (1,085) 
Finance leases recognised under IFRS 16                   (1,065) 
Goodwill                                                    3,644 
--------------------------------------------------------  ------- 
Total net assets acquired                                  11,278 
--------------------------------------------------------  ------- 
Satisfied by 
Cash                                                        7,400 
Shares issued in Air Partner plc(1)                           600 
Deferred consideration(2)                                   1,972 
Working capital adjustment agreed post acquisition(3)         226 
--------------------------------------------------------  ------- 
Total consideration on cash free, debt free basis          10,198 
 
Payment for estimated net cash at acquisition date          1,028 
Net cash adjustment agreed post acquisition(3)                 52 
--------------------------------------------------------  ------- 
Total consideration                                        11,278 
--------------------------------------------------------  ------- 
Net cash outflow arising on acquisition 
Cash consideration                                          7,400 
Payment for estimated net cash at acquisition date          1,028 
Less actual cash and cash equivalents acquired            (1,080) 
--------------------------------------------------------  ------- 
Net cash outflow                                            7,348 
--------------------------------------------------------  ------- 
 

(1) The share issue is comprised of 662,398 shares issued at market value at the date of acquisition of 90.58p.

(2) Deferred consideration of GBP2,000,000 has been recognised as at the year end. This is comprised of an unconditional payment of GBP1,000,000 due on the first anniversary of the acquisition and a conditional payment of GBP1,000,000 due on the second anniversary of the acquisition. Management has worked on the basis that the conditional payment will be due in full based on its due diligence findings and representations from Redline's Management at the time of the transaction. This assumption will be reviewed at the end of the next financial year. GBP1,768,000 is the net present value of these amounts at the date of acquisition.

(3) The GBP226,000 adjustment for the working capital and GBP52,000 adjustment for estimated net cash were agreed and paid following the year end.

No goodwill is deductible for tax purposes.

The goodwill of GBP3,439,000 arising from the acquisition is attributable to the value of the assembled workforce and the ability of the senior staff to generate future business.

Redline contributed revenue of GBP978,000 and profit before tax of GBP195,000 being the results between the date of acquisition and 31 January 2020.

If the acquisition of Redline had been completed on the first day of the financial year, it would have contributed GBP7,530,000 to Group revenue and GBP830,000 to Group profit before tax.

Acquisition-related costs in the year amounted to GBP604,000 covering adviser fees, legal fees and external financial and tax due diligence.

14 Net cash inflow from operating activities

 
                                                               Group 
                                                          ---------------- 
                                                             2020     2019 
                                                          GBP'000  GBP'000 
--------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Profit for the year 
Continuing operations`                                        303    2,885 
Adjustments for: 
Finance income                                               (71)     (32) 
Finance expense                                               613      224 
Income tax                                                    633      484 
Depreciation, amortisation and loss on disposal             6,830    1,275 
Impairments                                                 1,885        - 
Fair value movement on derivative financial instruments        31      (4) 
Share option cost for period                                   59      252 
Share based payments                                           58        - 
(Decrease)/increase in provisions                           (643)    (100) 
Foreign exchange differences                                   88        6 
--------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Operating cash flows before movements in working 
 capital                                                    9,786    4,990 
Change in receivables                                       1,582  (2,958) 
Change in payables                                        (2,259)    1,065 
--------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Cash generated from/(used in) operations                    9,109    3,097 
--------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

Net cash / (debt) reconciliation

This section sets out an analysis of net cash / (debt) and the movements in net cash / (debt) for each of the periods presented.

Group

 
                              At                                                                           At 
                                  Adoption     Acquired                  Cash 
                      1 February        of           on                  flow             Foreign  31 January 
                                      IFRS  acquisition  Additions             Interest 
                            2019        16                          movements            exchange        2020 
                         GBP'000   GBP'000      GBP'000    GBP'000    GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000     GBP'000 
 ------------------   ----------  --------  -----------  ---------  ---------  --------  --------  ---------- 
Cash                      25,154         -            -          -    (3,020)         -     (759)      21,375 
Debt                     (5,500)         -            -          -    (6,000)         -         -    (11,500) 
Lease liabilities              -  (11,760)      (1,065)      (188)      5,715     (301)       291     (7,308) 
-------------------   ----------  --------  -----------  ---------  ---------  --------  --------  ---------- 
Net cash/(debt)           19,654  (11,760)      (1,065)      (188)    (3,305)     (301)     (468)       2,567 
-------------------   ----------  --------  -----------  ---------  ---------  --------  --------  ---------- 
 
 
                          At                               At 
                                   Cash 
                  1 February       flow   Foreign  31 January 
                        2018  movements  exchange        2019 
                     GBP'000    GBP'000   GBP'000     GBP'000 
----------------  ----------  ---------  --------  ---------- 
Cash                  23,193      1,532       429      25,154 
Debt                 (2,500)    (3,000)         -     (5,500) 
----------------  ----------  ---------  --------  ---------- 
Net cash/(debt)       20,693    (1,468)       429      19,654 
----------------  ----------  ---------  --------  ---------- 
 

15 Related party transactions

The Group had the following transactions with related parties in the ordinary course of business during the year under review.

 
                                                         2020     2019 
Compensation of key management personnel (being the 
 Executive Directors)                                 GBP'000  GBP'000 
----------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Short-term employee benefits                              512      399 
Post-employment benefits                                   62       42 
Termination benefits                                        -      157 
Share based payments                                       19      177 
----------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                                          593      775 
----------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

In addition to the above amounts, key management personnel who were also shareholders received GBP37,655 of dividends in respect of their shareholdings in the year ended 31 January 2020 (2019: GBP29,865).

The Board of Directors' remuneration in accordance with Schedule 5 of the Accounting Regulations was as follows:

 
                                                                   2020     2019 
Aggregate Directors' remuneration                               GBP'000  GBP'000 
--------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Emoluments                                                        1,045    1,196 
Company contributions to money purchase pension contributions        62       42 
--------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                                                  1,107    1,238 
--------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

Two Directors (2019: three Directors) were members of money purchase pension schemes during the year.

16 Changes in accounting policy

This note explains the impact of the adoption of IFRS 16 Leases on the Group's financial statements and discloses the new accounting policies that have been applied from 1 February 2019.

The Group has adopted IFRS 16 retrospectively from 1 February 2019 but has not restated comparatives for the 2018 reporting period, as permitted under the specific transitional provisions in the standard. The reclassifications and the adjustments arising from the new leasing rules are therefore recognised in the opening balance sheet on 1 February 2019.

a) Adjustments recognised on adoption of IFRS 16

On adoption of IFRS 16, the Group recognised lease liabilities in relation to leases which had previously been classified as 'operating leases' under the principles of IAS 17 Leases. These liabilities were measured at the present value of the remaining lease payments, discounted using the Group's banking borrowing rate as at 1 February 2019. The Group has used this rate as there was no implicit rate included in the leases converted therefore the Group's borrowing rate was considered the most appropriate rate to use. The weighted average lessee's incremental borrowing rate applied to the lease liabilities on 1 February 2019 was 3.3%.

For leases previously classified as operating leases, the entity recognised the carrying amount of the lease asset and lease liability immediately before transition as the carrying amount of the right of use asset and lease liability at the date of initial application. The measurement principles of IFRS 16 are only applied after that date.

In applying IFRS 16 for the first time, the Group has used the following practical expedients permitted by the standard:

-- applying a single discount rate to a portfolio of leases with reasonably similar characteristics;

-- relying on previous assessments on whether leases are onerous as an alternative to performing an impairment review - there were no onerous contracts as at 1 February 2019;

-- accounting for operating leases with a remaining lease term of less than 12 months as at 1 January 2019 as short-term leases;

-- excluding initial direct costs for the measurement of the right of use asset at the date of initial application; and

-- using hindsight in determining the lease term where the contract contains options to extend or terminate the lease.

The Group has also elected not to reassess whether a contract is or contains a lease at the date of initial application. Instead, for contracts entered into before the transition date the Group relied on its assessment made applying IAS 17 and IFRIC 4 Determining Whether an Arrangement Contains a Lease.

 
                                                           1 February 2019 
                                                                   GBP'000 
=========================================================  =============== 
 
Operating lease commitments disclosed as at 1 February 
 2019                                                                3,147 
 
Discounted using the lessee's incremental borrowing rate 
 at the date of initial application                                  2,994 
Add: finance lease liabilities recognised(1)                         8,951 
Less: Short-term leases recognised on a straight-line 
 basis as an expense                                                 (174) 
Less: Low-value leases recognised on a straight-line 
 basis as an expense                                                  (11) 
Lease liability recognised                                          11,760 
---------------------------------------------------------  --------------- 
 
Which are recognised within: 
Current lease liabilities                                            5,467 
 Non-current lease liabilities                                       6,293 
=========================================================  =============== 
Lease liability recognised                                          11,760 
---------------------------------------------------------  --------------- 
 

(1) The additional finance lease liabilities recognised relate to contracts that were not included in the operating lease note last year but were identified as part of the assessment of IFRS 16. The difference is primarily down to the aircraft lease for GBP8,782,000.

The associated right-of-use assets were measured on a retrospective basis as if the new rules have always been applied. Where appropriate, right-of-use assets were adjusted by the amount of any prepaid or accrued lease payments relating to that lease recognised in the statement of financial position as at 31 January 2019. There were no onerous lease contracts that would have required an adjustment to the right-of-use assets at the date of initial application.

The recognised right-of-use assets of the policy relate to the following types of assets:

 
                                             31 January  31 January 
                                                   2020        2019 
                                                GBP'000     GBP'000 
=======================================   =============  ========== 
Short leasehold property and leasehold 
 improvements                                     1,546       1,233 
Fixtures and equipment                              996       1,344 
Motor vehicles                                       84          16 
Intangible assets                                    82         104 
Aircraft                                          4,042       8,782 
========================================  =============  ========== 
                                                  6,750      11,479 
 =======================================  =============  ========== 
 

The change of accounting policy affected the following items in the balance sheet on 1 February 2019:

 
 *    right of use assets - increase of GBP11,479,000; 
 
 
   *    lease liabilities - increase of GBP11,760,000; 
 
 
   *    operating lease incentive accrual liability - 
        decrease of GBP114,000; and 
 
   *    the net impact on retained earnings on 1 February 
        2019 was a decrease of GBP167,000, the balancing 
        impact of the other adjustments. 
 

b) The Group's leasing activities and how these are accounted for

The Group leases various offices and equipment for which rental contracts are typically 3-10 years. Lease terms are negotiated on an individual basis and contain a wide range of different terms and conditions. The lease agreements do not impose any covenants, but leased assets may not be used as security for borrowing purposes.

Until the 2019 financial year, leases of property, plant and equipment were classified as either finance or operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) were charged to the income statement on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

From 1 February 2019, leases are recognised as a right-of-use asset and a corresponding liability at the date at which the leased asset is available for use by the Group. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to the income statement over the lease period to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period. The right-of-use asset is depreciated over the shorter of the asset's useful life and the lease term on a straight-line basis.

Assets and liabilities arising from a lease are initially measured on a present value basis. Lease liabilities include the net present value of the following lease payments:

-- fixed payments (including in-substance fixed payments), less any lease incentives receivable;

   --      variable lease payment that are based on an index or a rate; 
   --      amounts expected to be payable by the lessee under residual value guarantees; 

-- the exercise price of a purchase option if the lessee is reasonably certain to exercise that option; and

-- payments of penalties for terminating the lease, if the lease term reflects the lessee exercising that option.

The lease payments are discounted using the Group's incremental borrowing rate, being the rate that the Group would have to pay to borrow the funds necessary to obtain an asset of similar economic environment within similar terms and conditions.

Right-of-use assets are measured at cost comprising the following:

   --      the amount of initial measurement of lease liability; 

-- any lease payments made at or before the commencement date less any lease incentives received;

   --      any initial direct costs; and 
   --      restoration costs. 

Payments associated with short-term leases and leases of low value are recognised on a straight-line basis as an expense in the income statement. Short-term leases are leases with a lease term of 12 months or less. Low-value assets comprise of small items of office equipment.

The adoption of IFRS 16 resulted in a reduction in profit for the period of GBP73,000, due to IFRS 16 accelerating the impact of finance costs within lease contracts. It has also resulted in an increase in cash generated from operating activities of GBP5.4m. The increase is offset by a matching increase in net cash generated from financing activities.

17 Post balance sheet events

The economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is having a substantial impact upon most businesses. The Directors have considered whether COVID-19 had a material impact as a post balance sheet event given potential concerns over expected reduced trading and the cash flow implications, as well as the expectations that customers will be slower to pay and the increased chance of bad debts.

As of the balance sheet date it was not known how severe the economic impact of COVID-19 would be as the vast majority of cases were then in Asia, where the Group currently has limited operations. Based on this the Directors concluded the pandemic is a non-adjusting post balance sheet event.

Despite the subsequent global economic impact, Air Partner has had a very strong first quarter as a result of a number of repatriation flights and a substantial increase in freight bookings in Group Charter. This has offset the downturn in other divisions and the Directors continue to carefully monitor the expected performance over the coming year.

The first quarter has provided the Group with a stronger than forecast cash position following year end. The Directors are aware that this will need to be managed over the coming year and have taken steps to improve the cash flow including reducing or removing credit terms where appropriate. The Directors have implemented a number of cost cutting measures and utilised government support for staff costs where appropriate in order to reduce the potential cash burn rate.

The Directors have reviewed the balances held at year end most likely to be materially impacted as a result of COVID-19 and are satisfied that any impact is immaterial. Efforts made post year end to reduce aged debtors mean that the recoverability of debtors held at year end is not materially affected. Adjusting impairment models for goodwill, intangibles and investments to reflect the expected downturn has not suggested any further impairments are required. The Directors acknowledge that the likelihood of impairments to assets is greater over the coming financial year; however, these will require assessment once the long-term economic impact of COVID-19 is clearer.

Part of the deferred consideration for Redline Worldwide Limited is contingent based on performance conditions and is payable on the second anniversary of the acquisition. At the balance sheet date it was assumed that these conditions would be met. The economic downturn causes increased uncertainty over whether these targets will be met; however, this will be assessed during the coming financial year.

As a result of the steps and assessments detailed above, COVID-19 is not considered to impact the going concern assessment. This is reinforced by support from the Group's banker, which has agreed to waive covenant testing from October 2020 until April 2021. Following the strong first quarter a waive was deemed not to be necessary until this date.

This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.

END

FR SEDEDFESSEII

(END) Dow Jones Newswires

May 22, 2020 02:00 ET (06:00 GMT)

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