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INDI.GB Indus Gas Ltd Ord Gbp0 01

10.50
0.00 (0.00%)
20 Jun 2024 - Closed
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Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Indus Gas Ltd Ord Gbp0 01 AQSE:INDI.GB Aquis Stock Exchange Ordinary Share GG00B39HF298 Ordinary Shares 1p
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  0.00 0.00% 10.50 9.00 12.00 10.7879 10.50 10.50 7,930 16:29:37
Industry Sector Turnover Profit EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap
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Indus Gas Limited Annual Financial Report (0751O)

29/09/2023 7:00am

UK Regulatory


Indus Gas Ltd Ord Gbp0 01 (AQSE:INDI.GB)
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TIDMINDI

RNS Number : 0751O

Indus Gas Limited

29 September 2023

29 September 2023

Indus Gas Limited

("Indus" or the "Company")

Audited Final Results for the 12 months ended 31 March 2023

Indus Gas Limited (AIM:INDI), an oil & gas exploration and development company with assets in India, announces its full year results for the 12 months to 31 March 2023.

Highlights

-- With effect from 1(st) April 2022, the sales gas price was agreed to be the price as per the Domestic Natural Gas Price (APM Price) on GCV basis as notified by Petroleum Planning & Analysis Cell (PPAC) from time to time. The gas price revision had resulted in the gas price being revised to US$ 6.1 per MMBTU (Metric Million British Thermal Unit) on GCV basis from 1 April 2022 to 30 September 2022 and to US$ 8.57 per MMBTU on GCV basis from 1st October 2022 to 31st March 2023. As per revised Domestic gas pricing Guidelines, Sales gas price shall be 10 pct of monthly average of Indian crude basket as notified by PPAC on monthly basis from 8th April, 2023.

   --   New development wells produced rich Gas with lower CO2. 

-- PNGRB is evaluating the options for pipelines infrastructure/route for evacuation of the gas from the block.

OPERATIONAL

-- Preparations continued on site during the year for the planned ramp up in production including the drilling of additional wells.

-- Drilling and completion of production wells for the SGL field development continued as planned to meet the planned gas sale requirements.

-- Continued testing of previously drilled wells.

FINANCIAL

-- Total Revenues were US$ 63.03 million (2021-22: US$ 53.71 million).

-- Operating profit increased to US$ 54.76 million (2021-22: increased to US$ 45.94million).

-- Profit before tax increased to US$ 54.87 million (2021-22: US$ 45.96 million).

-- Net Investments made in property, plant and equipment amounting to US$ 74.21 million (2021-22: US$ 68.27 million).

-- All repayments under the existing debt terms were made on a timely basis.

Chairman's Statements

This has been a good year and the Company has been able to achieve higher Gas Revenues.

The Company's strong operational and financial performance is highlighted by another year of good profit generation.

The Board would like to thank employees, shareholders, bankers and all other stakeholders for their loyalty and continued support. The management team will continue to focus on the execution of the Company's long-term strategy of achieving both growth in reserves and commercial production. The Indian government continues to prioritize the increase of domestic gas production to make India Self-reliant thereby reducing the dependence on expensive imported energy and enhancing energy security.

The Board also wishes to thank Mr Clive Gibbons, who steps down from his role as a Non-Executive Director, effective today following the publication of these financial statements, for his time and contribution to the Company and wish him all the best in future endeavours.

Jonathan Keeling

Chairman

Board of Director's Review

We are pleased to announce another strong year of consolidated total revenues totaling US$ 63.03 million (2021-22: US$ 53.71 million). We continued to have good operating profits and our stated long-term business plan remains on track. The revised Field Development Plan for the SGL area and an integrated Field Development Plan for SSG & SSF area of the Block, for the future enhancement of revenues, had been previously approved by the Management Committee.

Operations

Operational activities over the last year have followed the Group's objectives and are summarized below:

   a)    drilling of additional wells to support the integrated field development plan; 

b) drilling and completion of production wells for the SGL, SSG and SSF field development continued;

c) testing various wells previously drilled where gas shows were encountered to enable the Group to increase its reserve base; and

d) Testing the B&B gas recovery potential in addition to gas discovered in the Pariwar formation.

The current drilling programme is progressing on schedule and producing positive results. Following the approval of the FDP for SSG & SSF Development area, we continue to test concepts and obtain log and core data for analysis outside of the SGL area. In the SGL area, work continues to increase our knowledge of the producing intervals. Additional testing is an important element of the operational programme to enhance production and maximize recovery of gas through efficient asset management. Activities such as these will continue to increase as we obtain and act on new data and production history. An important development in respect of the SGL Field was the discovery of new intervals within Pariwar. These were located below the existing producing P10 sands. These reservoirs were successfully exploited for production and going forward will add to the reserves and production from both existing and new wells.

Financials

During the financial year, the Company achieved total revenue of US$ 63.03million (2021-22: US$ 53.71 million), resulting in reported operating profit of US$ 54.76 million (2021-22US$ 45.94 million). The reported profit after tax was US$ 30.87 million (2021-22 US$ 35.21 million).

While the Company is not expected to pay any significant taxes on its income for many years in view of the 100% deduction allowed on the capital expenses incurred in the Block, the Company has accrued a deferred tax liability of US$ 23.99 million (2021-22: US$ 10.75 million) as per IFRS requirements.

Post this deferred tax liability provision, the net profit for the year was US$ 30.87 million.

The net expenditure on the purchase of property, plant & equipment was US$ 74.21 million (2021-22: US$ 68.27 million) . The property plant and equipment, including development assets and production assets, increased to US$ 1,223.43million (2021-22: US$ 1,149.22 million).

The current assets (excluding cash) as of 31 March 2023 stood at US$ 123.92 million (2021-22: US$ 149.97 million), which majorly includes US$ 9.93 million (2021-22: US$ 9.46 million) of inventories, US$ 101.07 million (2021-22: US$ 120.41 million) of receivables from related party and US$ 6.60 million (2021-22: US$ 20.11 million) of trade receivables and another receivable. Receivables of US$ 4.54 million of this total of US$ 6.60 million have been realized subsequent to 31 March 2023. The current liabilities of the Company, excluding the related party liability of US$ 0.33 million (2021-22: US$ 0.35 million) and current portion of long-term debt of US$ 28.46 million (2021-22: US$ 172.75 million), stood at US$ 6.78 million (2021-22: US$ 6.58 million). This comprised mainly of deferred revenue of US$ 4.75 million (2021-22: US$ 5.08 million) (GAIL-Take or Pay Obligation) and other liabilities of US$ 2.03 million (2021-22: US$ 1.50 million).

As of 31 March 2023, the outstanding debt of the Company to banks was US$ 40.02million (2021-22: US$ 58.32 million), of which US$ 24.16 million (2021-22: US$ 19.08 million) was categorized as repayable within a year and the remaining US$ 15.86million (2021-22: US$ 39.24 million) has been categorized as a long-term liability. During the year, the Company repaid an amount of US$ 21.94 million of the outstanding term loan facilities, as per the scheduled repayment plan. As of 31 March 2023, the outstanding unsecured debt from bonds was US$ 163.92million (2021-22: US$ 153.68 million), of which US$ 4.30million (2021-22: US$ 153.68 million) was categorized as repayable within a year and the remaining US$ 159.62million (2021-22: US$ Nil) has been categorized as a long-term liability.

Outlook

During the next twelve months, we expect that the Company look forward to continued drilling success in both Pariwar and B&B combined with delivering further progress on the commercialization of our gas reserves.

Jonathan Keeling

Executive Chairman

Board of Directors

JONATHAN KEELING - EXECUTIVE CHAIRMAN

Jonathan was a founding partner and a main board member of Arden Partners plc, a small and mid-cap institutional stockbroker and Jonathan's career in equity capital markets spans in excess of 30 years. Prior to Arden, Jonathan worked at Albert E Sharp, Harris All day and Old Mutual Securities. Jonathan is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute for Securities and Investment.

CLIVE GIBBONS -DIRECTOR

Mr Clive Gibbons joined the board of directors with effect from 17 September 2020, Clive is an experienced Operations Director, specialising in the corporate and fiduciary services sector and currently works at the Newhaven Group, based in Guernsey. Clive is a qualified Independent Investment Financial Advisor Level 3, compliance manager, accredited director, approved by the Guernsey GFSC (Guernsey regulator), BVI FSC (BVI regulator), with over 18 years in the sector. He was previously a Managing Director in the Cayman Islands for Vistra and previously worked at Close Brothers (Close Finance), Kleinwort Benson and Royal Bank of Scotland International.

ATIQ ANJARWALLA - DIRECTOR

During the year, Mr. Atiq joined the board of director as independent non-executive director on 3(rd) October 2022. Mr. Atiq is an experience Lawyer and is a Solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and Wales Advocate of the High Court of Kenya and a Legal Consultant in Dubai. Atiq has a Master of Law from Jesus College Cambridge, England. Atiq's legal experience spans Corporate, Private Client, Banking, Project Finance and Capital Markets.

ELIZABETH POWELL - DIRECTOR

During the year, Mrs. Elizabeth Powell joined the board of director as independent non-executive director on 7(th) March 2023. Liz's background is primarily in Human Resources through her work with a major Guernsey based independent fiduciary. She has a CIPD qualification in HR and has become skilled in international payroll matters. In recent years, in addition to her personnel skills, she has taken on directorships in companies employing staff in the Oil & Gas sector as well as companies owning assets for international oil companies.

NICHOLAS SAUL - DIRECTOR

During the year, Mr. Nicholas Saul joined the board of director as independent non-executive director on 7(th) March 2023. Nick started his career as a Merchant Navy Officer with Texaco in 1980 and has been working in the Oil & Gas industry since. Today, he owns successful Guernsey business that manages the employment of thousands working in the hydrocarbons industry as well over 10,000 mariners. Nick has a BSc in Maritime Commerce, is an Associate Fellow of the Nautical Institute and a Chartered Member of The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport.

Directors' Report

The Directors present their report and the financial statements of Indus Gas Limited ("the Company") and its subsidiaries, iServices Investments Ltd and Newbury Oil Co. Ltd (collectively the "Group"), which covers the year from 1 April 2022 to 31 March 2023.

PRINCIPAL ACTIVITY AND REVIEW OF THE BUSINESS

The principal activity of the Company and Group is that of oil and gas exploration, development and production and other related services.

RESULTS AND DIVIDS

The trading results for the year and the Group's financial position at the end of the year are shown in the attached financial statements. The Group has earned a profit before tax of USD 54.87 million (2021-22: US$ 45.96 million) during the year, which is a significant aspect for measurement of the effectiveness of company's operations.

The Directors have not recommended a dividend for the year (2022-23: Nil).

REVIEW OF BUSINESS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

A review of the business and likely future developments of the Company are contained in the Chairman's statement and the Board of Director's review, given above.

BOARD AND SECRETARIAL CHANGES

The Company announces the following changes to its Board:

-- Mrs. Elizabeth Powell has been appointed as a Non-Executive Director with effect from 7(th) March 2023.

-- Mr. Nicholas Saul has been appointed as a Non-Executive Director with effect from 7(th) March 2023.

-- Mr. Atiq Anjarwalla has been appointed as a Non-Executive Director with effect from 3(rd) October 2022.

   --      Mr. Clive Gibbons is stepping down from the Board effective today. 

The Company announces following other changes with effect from 7(th) March 2023:

-- Beauvoir Trust Limited have resigned as the Company Secretary of the Company and Bachmann Secretarial Services Limited have been appointed as the new Company Secretary of the Company.

-- Registered office of the Company has changed from 1st Floor, Tudor House, Le Bordage, St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 1DB to the new office at PO Box 112, St Martins House, Le Bordage, St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 4EA.

DIRECTORS REMUNERATION

The Directors' remuneration for the year ended 31 March 2023 was:

 
                                  Remuneration   Remuneration (US 
                                      (GBP)             $) 
 Jonathan Keeling                   100,000          119,166 
                                 -------------  ----------------- 
 Clive Gibbons                       14,620           17,323 
                                 -------------  ----------------- 
 Atiq Anjarwalla                     3,655            4,405 
                                 -------------  ----------------- 
 Fareed Soreefan*                     759             1,000 
                                 -------------  ----------------- 
 Sangeeta Bissessur*                  759             1,000 
                                 -------------  ----------------- 
 Angelos Alexandrou*                  745              981 
                                 -------------  ----------------- 
 Paschalis Magnitis*                  745              981 
                                 -------------  ----------------- 
 Total Directors' Remuneration      121,283          144,856 
                                 -------------  ----------------- 
 

*Directors of subsidiary companies (I Services and Newbury)

The two new non-executive directors have only been paid in the current financial year due to appointment on 7(th) March 2023.

The Directors' remuneration for the year ended 31 March 2022 was:

 
                                  Remuneration (GBP)   Remuneration 
                                                          (US $) 
 Peter Cockburn                         75,000           101,304 
                                 -------------------  ------------- 
 Jonathan Keeling                      100,000           135,851 
                                 -------------------  ------------- 
 Clive Gibbons                          14,620            19,930 
                                 -------------------  ------------- 
 Antonia Kyriakou*                      1,490             1,962 
                                 -------------------  ------------- 
 Fareed Soreefan*                        759              1,000 
                                 -------------------  ------------- 
 Sangeeta Bissessur*                     759              1,000 
                                 -------------------  ------------- 
 
 Total Directors' Remuneration         192,628           261,047 
                                 -------------------  ------------- 
 

*Directors of subsidiary companies (iServices and Newbury)

The Director remuneration consists of monthly/quarterly compensation as per the agreed terms. There are no further cash payments or benefits provided to Directors.

GAS MARKETS IN INDIA

India has a significant deficit of hydrocarbons which we believe will result in a long-term, steady demand for gas produced by our Block. According to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board ("PNGRB") Report, Vision 2030, India's natural gas demand will grow significantly to 746 MMSCM/d (26.3 BCF/d) by the end of Fiscal 2030. India is expected to have approximately 32,727 km of natural gas pipeline with a design capacity of 815 MMSCM/d in place by 2030. In order to further boost the consumption of natural gas in the country, the Government established a Gas Trading Hub/ Exchange (GTHE), where natural gas can be traded and supplied through a market-based mechanism instead of multiple formula driven prices. Initial trading has already started on Indian Gas Exchange.

The gas pricing policy announced by Government of India clearly outlined that the pricing restriction under this policy is not applicable to RJ-ON/6. Gas sold from Block RJ-ON/06 does not require any approval from the government for the gas price. As a result, we are able to negotiate the price of natural gas with our customers without such price restriction. The Gas sales are currently being invoiced at a price of US$ 8.57per MMBTU on Net Calorific Value (NCV) basis. From April 2023 the gas prices have been agreed to be US$ 9.16 per MMBTU on Gross Calorific Value (GCV) basis. The prices for existing gas contract will be linked to domestic gas prices on GCV basis as notified by Petroleum planning and analysis cell of Government of India. The floor price will continue to be existing price being US$ 4.5146 per MMBTU on GCV (US$ 5 per MMBTU on NCV).

FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Details of the use of financial instruments by the Company are contained in note 29 to the attached financial statements.

RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Details of significant related party transactions are contained in note 16 and note 23 to the attached financial statements.

INTERNAL CONTROL

The Directors acknowledge their responsibility for the Company's system of internal control and for reviewing its effectiveness. The system of internal control is designed to manage the risk of failure to achieve the Company's strategic objectives. It cannot totally eliminate the risk of failure but will provide reasonable, although not absolute, assurance against material misstatement or loss.

GOING CONCERN

After making enquires, the Directors have a reasonable expectation that the Company will have adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. This expectation is based on estimates of future potential revenues from the RJ-ON/6 Block that the Company will derive from the sale of hydrocarbon reserves/resources and availability of adequate debt funding from banks, financial markets as well as related parties to support capital investment to enable the Company to undertake development activities in the Block. For this reason, they continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements. Refer note 27.

DIRECTORS' RESPONSIBILITIES

The Directors are responsible for preparing the Directors' report and consolidated financial statements for each financial year which give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Group and of the consolidated statement of comprehensive income of the Group for that year. In preparing those financial statements the Directors are required to:

   o   Select suitable accounting policies and apply them consistently; 
   o   Make judgements and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; 

o State whether International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by EU have been followed subject to any material departures disclosed and explained in the financial statements; and

o Prepare consolidated financial statements on a going concern basis unless it is inappropriate to presume that the Group will continue in business.

The Directors confirm that the financial statements comply with the above requirements.

The Directors are responsible for keeping proper accounting records which disclose with reasonable accuracy at any time the financial position of the Company and of the Group to enable them to ensure that the financial statements comply with the requirements of the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008. They are also responsible for safeguarding the assets of the Company and hence for taking reasonable steps for the provision and detection of fraud and other irregularities.

The Directors are responsible for maintaining the integrity of the corporate financial information included on the Group's website. Legislation in Guernsey governing the preparation and dissemination of financial information may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

To the best of our knowledge and belief:

-- The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, as adopted by the European Union;

   --      Give a true and fair view of the financial position and results of the Group; and 

-- The financial statements include an analysis of the principal financial instruments specific risks and uncertainties faced by the Group.

AUDITOR

All of the current Directors have taken all steps that they oughts to have taken to make themselves aware of any information needed by the Group's Auditor for the purposes of their audit and to establish that the Auditor is aware of that information. The Directors are not aware of any relevant audit information of which the Auditor is unaware.

By order of the Board

Jonathan Keeling

Risks and Risk Management

In planning our future activities and reacting to changes in our ongoing business environment, we seek to identify, assess, mitigate and monitor the risks that we face. Considerable effort is made during our planning process to reduce and mitigate the various risks to the extent that this is practical and commercially sound. Ideally large decisions taken early means that any later adaptation or reaction should be small.

We cannot remove the Company from all risk and the oil and gas industry brings with it many special challenges in specific risks. What we can and do strive to achieve is to understand and manage the risk environment we work within.

The Company faces the appraisal, development and production risks of the oil and gas industry. The business relies on extensive engineering, geological and geophysical judgements.

As activities on the Block have grown and generated actual data and experience, we have used this knowledge to reduce these risks. There has been an increase in the number of wells to find hydrocarbons through the knowledge gained from almost complete 3D seismic data and analysis of drilling results. We shall continue to de-risk this area of our operations but the risk of a dry hole will never reach zero. The risk of mechanical issues or well construction failing remains. However, with greater standardization of well design and repetition of activities this has reduced.

We currently depend on two customers for the sale of gas and substantially all of our revenues. Discussions are on-going to find and develop new customer relationships.

GAIL has significant financial resources and maintains a strong credit rating providing comfort in meeting any obligations under our Agreement. Our gas is purchased at our field and shipped via a GAIL owned pipeline to the power plant. The pipeline is purpose built and operating well within its design specification.

Further, the Company had entered into a Gas sale and purchase agreement with another customer wherein the Company shall arrange to supply gas to its plant. This provides good opportunity to the Company to expand its production. However, the buyer's plant has been delayed and consequently the customer is liable to pay Take or Pay charges.

The Company has one bank debt facility outstanding from its group of lenders. These facilities were obtained on attractive terms in difficult lending markets. Debt service for the facility remains strong and contributes to our sound borrower track record. Additional amounts were raised during 2018 through unsecured bonds, which were further re-financed with the additional bond offering made by the Company in November 2022. The Company has benefited from consistent support of the majority shareholder particularly reducing the risk of any funding gaps due to the delay in closing external finance. The Production Sharing Contract that includes cost recovery and the long-term sales contract for gas provide an enhanced cash flow to service debt and give protection to lenders.

Our business, revenues and profits may fluctuate with changes in oil and gas prices. Our production is mainly gas and has been sold on strong "Take or Pay" contracts that significantly reduce the impact of fluctuations in the wider global energy market. However, the prevailing prices of oil and gas can have some bearing on new contracts and price revisions.

With effect from 1st April, 2022, the Sales Gas price was agreed to be the price as per the Domestic Natural Gas Price (APM Price) on GCV basis as notified by Petroleum Planning & Analysis Cell (PPAC) from time to time. The gas price revision had resulted in the gas price being revised to US$ 6.1 per MMBTU on GCV basis from 1 April 2022 to 30 September 2022 and to US$ 8.57 per MMBTU on GCV basis from 1st October 2022 to 31st March 2023. As per the revised Domestic gas pricing Guidelines, Sales gas price shall be 10 pct of monthly average of Indian crude basket as notified by PPAC on a monthly basis from 8th April, 2023.

The oil and gas industry are subject to laws and regulations relating to environmental and safety matters in exploration for and the development and production of hydrocarbons. We are bound by the environmental laws and regulations applicable to India and satisfy and in some areas exceed these requirements by using good industry practice, trained staff and quality equipment.

We are committed to upholding procedures to protect the environment and enforce environmental, health, safety and security mechanisms through accountability at all levels, suitable policies, feedback and full compliance by each employee and contractor to all policies we develop.

Indus is subject to regulation and supervision by the Government of India covering various aspects of our business. The Government has historically played a key role, and is expected to continue to play a key role in regulating, reforming and restructuring the Indian oil and natural gas industry. A major platform for shaping the industry has been the award of assets by various rounds under the NELP. Our Block was awarded before the formation of NELP and therefore places greater emphasis on our Production Sharing Contract (PSC) in our dealings with Government in various forms. To date the Block Management Committee created under our PSC and including multiple Government agencies has assisted the development progress we have made so far. The Field Development Plan for the area beyond SGL has also been approved by Management Committee consisting representatives of DGH and government created under PSC.

Corporate Governance

The Directors recognize the importance of sound corporate governance and have chosen to apply the Quoted Companies Alliance ("QCA") Corporate Governance Code and Guernsey regulations in so far as they are appropriate given the Company's size and stage of development. The Company may take additional Corporate Governance measures beyond QCA guidelines and Guernsey regulations as may be appropriate considering the Company's operations from time to time.

The Company has not adopted the UK Corporate Governance Code ("the Code") and has chosen to apply the QCA Corporate Governance Code for Small and Mid-Size Quoted Companies which is in line with most growing AIM companies adopted practices. The disclosure requirements under the code have been complied with and the detailed report is available on the official website ( http://www.indusgas.com/ ) of the company.

Corporate Governance standards and procedures adopted by the Company are regularly reviewed by the Chairman who has maintained dialogue and answered questions of shareholders throughout the year. The Chairman has consulted the Nomad on the objectives of Corporate Governance within the Company.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

The Board is responsible for the proper management of the Company. The resumes of the current board members are as outlined in the section 'Board of Directors' on page no. 6.

Mr. Ajay Kalsi brings knowledge of the oil and gas industry and a range of general business skills and continues to be an advisor to the company. The other Directors had formed a number of committees to assist in the governance of the Company and these are detailed below.

All Directors have access to independent professional advice, at the Company's expense, when required.

SUB-COMMITTEES

The Board had constituted the three sub-committees outlined below, which were then disbanded in March 2022 as a result of the Board's reduced size. Given the Board's new directors appointed recently these sub committees will reform in the future.

AUDIT COMMITTEE

The committee is responsible for ensuring that the financial performance of the Company is monitored and reported on, for meeting with the Auditor and reviewing findings of the audit with the external auditor. It is authorized to seek any information it properly requires from any employee and may ask questions of any employee. It meets the Auditor once per year without and is responsible for considering and making recommendations regarding the engagement and remuneration of the Auditor.

REMUNERATION COMMITTEE

The committee considers and recommends to the Board the framework for the remuneration of the executive director of the Company and any other member of senior management. It considers and recommends to the Board the total individual termination package of each executive director including bonuses, incentive payments and share options or other share awards. In addition, subject to existing contractual obligations, it reviews the design of all share incentive plans for approval by the Board and the Company's shareholders and, for each such plan, recommends whether awards are made and, if so, the overall amount of such awards, the individual awards to executive directors and performance targets to be used in assessing performance. Board of directors determines director remuneration. No director is involved in decisions concerning his own remuneration.

NOMINATION COMMITTEE

The committee considers the selection and re-appointment of Directors. It identifies and nominates candidates to all board vacancies and regularly reviews the structure, size and composition of the board (including the skills, knowledge and experience) and makes recommendations to the Board with regard to any changes.

SHARE DEALING

The Company has adopted a share dealing code (based on the Model Code) and the Company takes all proper and reasonable steps to ensure compliance by Directors and relevant employees.

THE CITY CODE ON TAKEOVERS AND MERGERS

Being a Channel Islands incorporated company, the Company is subject to the UK City Code on Takeovers and Mergers.

DISCLOSURE AND TRANSPARENCY RULES

As a Company incorporated in Guernsey, Shareholders are not obliged to disclose their interests in the Company in the same way as shareholders of certain companies incorporated in the UK. In particular, the relevant provisions of chapter 5 of the Disclosure and Transparency Rules (DTR) do not apply. While the Articles contain provisions requiring disclosure of voting rights in Ordinary Shares, which are similar to the provisions of the DTR, this may not always, ensure compliance with the requirements of Rule 17 of the AIM Rules. Furthermore, the Articles may be amended in the future by a special resolution of the Shareholders.

CONTROL BY SIGNIFICANT SHAREHOLDER

Gynia Holdings Limited, along with its wholly owned subsidiary Focus oil Inc. own a significant percentage of outstanding shares of the Company. As a significant shareholder, Gynia could exercise significant influence over certain corporate governance matters requiring shareholder approval, including the election of directors and the approval of significant corporate transactions and other transactions requiring a majority vote.

The Company, Strand Hanson Limited (Nomad & Broker), Gynia and Mr. Ajay Kalsi have entered into a relationship agreement to regulate the arrangements between them. The relationship agreement applies for as long as Gynia directly or indirectly holds in excess of thirty per cent of the issued share capital of the Company and the Company's shares remain admitted to trading on AIM. The relationship agreement includes provisions to ensure that:

a) The Board and its committees are able to carry on their business independently of the personal interests of Gynia;

b) The constitutional documents of the Company are not changed in such a way which would be inconsistent with the relationship agreement.

c) All transactions between the Group and Gynia (or its affiliates) are on a normal commercial basis and at arm's length;

d) In the event of a conflict of interest between Gynia and the Board, no person who is connected with Gynia is appointed as a Non-Executive Director of the Company and no existing Non-Executive Director is removed as a director of the Company unless such an appointment or removal has been previously approved by the nomination committee of the Board and that to the extent that any previously approved by the nomination committees concerns the composition of the Board which has been approved by the Board requiring the approval of the shareholders of the Company then Gynia will vote its Ordinary Shares in favour; and

e) The Shareholder puts certain restrictions in place to prevent interference with the business of the Company.

Consolidated Financial Statements and Independent Auditor's Report

Indus Gas Limited and its subsidiaries

31 March 2023

Independent auditor's report

To the members of Indus Gas Limited

Opinion

We have audited the Consolidated financial statements of Indus Gas Limited (the 'Company') and its subsidiaries (the 'Group') for the year ended 31 March 2023 which comprise the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position, the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity, the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows and notes to the consolidated financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies. The financial reporting framework that has been applied in their preparation is applicable law and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as adopted by the European Union.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements:

-- give a true and fair view of the state of the Group's affairs as at 31 March 2023 and of the Group's profit for the year then ended;

   --      are in accordance with IFRSs as adopted by the European Union; and 
   --      comply with The Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008. 

Basis for opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) (ISAs (UK)) and applicable law. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the 'Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the consolidated financial statements' section of our report. We are independent of the Group in accordance with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the consolidated financial statements in Guernsey, including the FRC's Ethical Standard as applied to listed entities, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Conclusions relating to going concern

We are responsible for concluding on the appropriateness of the directors' use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Group's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify the auditor's opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Group to cease to continue as a going concern.

Our evaluation of management's assessment of the entity's ability to continue as a going concern

Our evaluation of the directors' assessment of the Group's ability to continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting included the following:

-- The audit engagement leader increased time spent directing and supervising the audit procedures on going concern;

-- We assessed the determination, made by the Board of Directors of the Group, that the Group is a going concern and the appropriateness of the financial statements to be prepared on a going concern;

-- We obtained the 12 month going concern assement performed by management, including the assumptions and sensitivities prepared by management;

   --      We challenged the appropriateness of management's forecasts by; 

o checking the mathematical accuracy of the cash flow forecasts

o assessing the key assumptions used in the going concern assessment based on our knowledge of the Group and the current economic climate; and

o challenging management's consideration of downside sensitivity by applying further sensitivies to understand the impact on liquidity reverse stress stressing.

-- We assessed the disclosures in the financial statements relating to going concern to ensure that they were fai, balanced and understandable and in compliance with IFRS as adopted by the European Union and

-- We obtained verbal and written representations from management and those charged with governance detailing their basis on their decision to continue adopting the going concern assumption

In our evaluation of the directors' conclusions, we considered the inherent risks associated with the Group's business model , we assessed and challenged the reasonableness of estimates made by the directors and the related disclosures and analysed how those risks might affect the Group's financial resources or ability to continue operations over the going concern period.

In auditing the financial statements, we have concluded that the directors' use of the going concern basis of accounting in the preparation of the financial statements is appropriate.

Based on the work we have performed, we have not identified any material uncertainties relating to events or conditions that, individually or collectively, may cast significant doubt on the Group's ability to continue as a going concern for a period of at least twelve months from when the financial statements are authorised for issue.

Our responsibilities and the responsibilities of the directors with respect to going concern are described in the relevant sections of this report.

Our approach to the audit

 
   Overview of our audit approach 
   Overall 
    materiality: 
    US$ 
    2,669,500 
    which 
    represents 
    5% 
    of 
    the 
    Group's 
    profit 
    before 
    taxation, 
    determined 
    at 
    the 
    planning 
    stage 
    of 
    the 
    audit. 
  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
        Key 
         audit 
         matters 
         were 
         identified 
         as 
          *    impairment of production and development assets (same 
               as previous year) 
 
 
         Our 
         audit 
         report 
         for 
         the 
         year 
         ended 
         31 
         March 
         2022 
         included 
         a 
         key 
         audit 
         matter 
         relating 
         to 
         the 
         material 
         uncertainty 
         regarding 
         going 
         concern 
         of 
         the 
         Group 
         for 
         which 
         management's 
         forecasts 
         assumed 
         the 
         bonds 
         would 
         be 
         fully 
         repaid 
         in 
         December 
         2022 
         through 
         a 
         fund 
         raise 
         that 
         was 
         anticiapated 
         at 
         the 
         end 
         of 
         the 
         2022 
         calendar 
         year. 
         The 
         key 
         audit 
         matter 
         has 
         not 
         been 
         reported 
         in 
         our 
         current 
         year's 
         report 
         as 
         this 
         was 
         addressed 
         by 
         the 
         refinancing 
         which 
         occurred 
         in 
         the 
         current 
         year. 
  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
   Full 
    scope 
    audit 
    procedures 
    have 
    been 
    performed 
    on 
    the 
    financial 
    information 
    of 
    Indus 
    Gas 
    Limited 
    and 
    its 
    subsidiary 
    companies. 
    There 
    is 
    no 
    change 
    in 
    scope 
    of 
    the 
    audit 
    from 
    the 
    prior 
    year. 
  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
 

Key audit matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in our audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current period and include the most significant assessed risks of material misstatement (whether or not due to fraud) that we identified. These matters included those that had the greatest effect on: the overall audit strategy; the allocation of resources in the audit; and directing the efforts of the engagement team. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the consolidated financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters .

In the graph below, we have presented the key audit matters, significant risks and other risks relevant to the audit.

 
   Key audit     Significant     Other risk 
    matter        risk 
 
 
                                                                How our scope addressed 
 Key Audit Matter                                                the matter 
=============================================================  =============================================================== 
 Impairment of production                                          In responding to the key 
  and development assets ("P&D                                     audit matter, we performed 
  assets")                                                         the following audit procedures: 
  We identified the impairment                                     o We have compared the carrying 
  of P&D assets as one of the                                      value of assets to management's 
  most significant assessed                                        assessment of the recoverable 
  risks of material misstatement                                   amount to assess that the 
  due to error.                                                    carrying value is not in 
                                                                   excess of recoverable amount 
  At 31 March 2023, the Group                                      . 
  held P&D assets of US$ 1,                                        o We agreed the recoverable 
  21 2, 726 , 514 (31 March                                        amount to management's future 
  202 2 : US$ 1, 142 , 120                                         cash flow model and performed 
  , 102 ).                                                         the following detailed procedures 
                                                                   over the model, along with 
  Recoverability of P&D assets                                     impairment assessment and 
  is dependent on the expected                                     disclosures in financial 
  future success of exploration                                    statements: 
  and development activities. 
  Under International Accounting                                    *    We corroborated, through obtaining supporting 
  Standard (IAS) 16 "Property,                                           documentation and audit evidence, estimates of future 
  plant and equipment", an                                               cash flows and challenged whether these were 
  impairment test is required,                                           appropriate in light of the future price, volume 
  using the principles of IAS                                            assumptions and the costs budgets. 
  36 "Impairment of Assets", 
  for P&D assets. 
                                                                    *    We assessed the sensitivity analysis over inputs to 
  Based on our professional                                              the cash flow models wherein we have challenged the 
  judgement, we determined                                               assumptions taken by management (including price, 
  the recoverability of the                                              discount rate, operating cost etc) ; 
  carrying amount of P&D assets 
  amounting to US$1, 212 , 
  726 , 514 is dependent upon                                       *    We have assessed the appropriateness of management's 
  the future cashflows of the                                            defined cash generating units ("CGUs") and impairment 
  business. The Group has capitalised                                    testing methodology under IFRSs as adopted by the 
  taking into account the IFRS                                           European Union and whether disclosures in the 
  6 "Exploration for and Evaluation                                      consolidated financial statements are appropriate, 
  of Mineral Resources " and                                             complete and in accordance with IFRSs as adopted by 
  IAS 16 " Property, Plant                                               the European Union ; and 
  and Equipment " recognition 
  criteria. In the previous 
  years, the Group obtained                                         *    We examined the methodology used at the CGU level by 
  approval on the reserves                                               the management to assess the carrying value of P&D 
  for the SSG and SSF field                                              assets assigned to the Group's principal CGU to 
  from the Directorate General                                           evaluate its compliance with accounting standards and 
  of Hydrocarbons ('DGH') .                                              consistency of application. 
  Further the Management Committee 
  has also approved the revised 
  Field Development Plan ('FDP') 
  in respect of the SGL area 
  for the enhancement of production. 
  Bearing in mind the generally 
  long-lived nature of the 
  Group's assets, the most 
  critical assumption in relation 
  to the management's assessment 
  of future cash flows, which 
  are used to project the recoverability 
  of P&D assets are management's 
  views on sales volume and 
  gas price outlook. 
 
  Impairment of P&D assets 
  has been identified as a 
  key audit matter as the assessment 
  of the recoverable amount 
  of the Company's cash generating 
  units (CGUs) and investments 
  involves significant judgements 
  about the future cash flow 
  forecasts and the discount 
  rate applied . 
   Relevant disclosures in                                      Our results 
   the Annual Report and Accounts 
   2022-23                                                       Based on our procedures we 
    *    Consolidated Financial statements: Note 6.7,            have not identified any material 
         Impariment testing for exploration and evaluation       misstatements in relation 
         assets and property,plant and equipment;                to the impairment of production 
                                                                 and development costs. 
 
    *    Consolidated Financial Statements: Note 7, Property, 
         plant and equipment . 
 

Our application of materiality

We apply the concept of materiality both in planning and performing the audit, and in evaluating the effect of identified misstatements on the audit and of uncorrected misstatements, if any, on the consolidated financial statements and in forming the opinion in the auditor's report.

Materiality was determined as follows:

 
 Materiality measure       Group 
========================  ======================================================================== 
 Materiality for           We define materiality as the magnitude 
  consolidated financial    of misstatement in the consolidated financial 
  statements as             statements that, individually or in the 
  a whole                   aggregate, could reasonably be expected 
                            to influence the economic decisions of 
                            the users of these consolidated financial 
                            statements. We use materiality in determining 
                            the nature, timing and extent of our 
                            audit work. 
========================  ========================================================================== 
 Materiality threshold     US$ 2,669,500 which is 5% of the Group's 
                            profit before tax determined at the planning 
                            stage. 
 Significant judgements               In determining materiality, we made the 
  made by auditor                      following significant judgements 
  in determining                        *    P rofit before tax is considered to be the most 
  the materiality                            appropriate benchmark as this is used by investors to 
                                             judge the performance of the Group and is a 
                                             significant aspect for measurement of the 
                                             effectiveness of the Group's operations for 
                                             management. 
 
 
 
                                       Materiality for the current year is higher 
                                       than the level that we determined for 
                                       the year ended 31 March 2022 due to increase 
                                       in profit before tax for the year ended 
                                       31 March 2023 . 
 
 Performance materiality   We set performance materiality at an 
  used to drive             amount less than materiality for the 
  the extent of             consolidated financial statements as 
  our testing               a whole to reduce to an appropriately 
                            low level the probability that the aggregate 
                            of uncorrected and undetected misstatements 
                            exceeds materiality for the consolidated 
                            financial statements as a whole. 
========================  ========================================================================== 
 Performance materiality   US$ 1,601,712 which is 60% of financial 
  threshold                 statement materiality. 
 Significant judgements               In determining performance materiality, 
  made by auditor                      we made the following significant judgements 
  in determining                        *    We considered the Group's overall control environment 
  the performance                            to be effective based on the results of our risk 
  materiality                                assessment procedures; and 
 
 
                                        *    There were no misstatement identified in the previous 
                                             year. 
 
 Specific materiality      We determine specific materiality for 
                            one or more particular classes of transactions, 
                            account balances or disclosures for which 
                            misstatements of lesser amounts than 
                            materiality for the consolidated financial 
                            statements as a whole could reasonably 
                            be expected to influence the economic 
                            decisions of users taken on the basis 
                            of the consolidated financial statements. 
========================  ========================================================================== 
 Specific materiality      We determined a lower level of specific 
                            materiality for the following areas: 
                            Related party transactions and balances 
                            as a class of transactions, account balances 
                            or disclosures. 
========================  ========================================================================== 
 Communication             We determine a threshold for reporting 
  of misstatements          unadjusted differences to the audit committee. 
  to the audit committee 
========================  ========================================================================== 
 Threshold for             US$ 133,500 and misstatements below that 
  communication             threshold that, in our view, warrant 
                            reporting on qualitative grounds. 
========================  ========================================================================== 
 

The graph below illustrates how performance materiality interacts with our overall materiality and the tolerance for potential uncorrected misstatements.

 
Overall materiality 
=================== 
 
 

FSM: Financial statements materiality, PM: Performance materiality, TFPUM: Tolerance for potential uncorrected misstatements

An overview of the scope of our audit

We performed a risk-based audit that requires an understanding of the Group's business and in particular matters related to:

Understanding the Group, its components, and their environments, including Group-wide controls

-- The engagement team obtained an understanding of the Group and its environment, including Group-wide controls, and assessed the risks of material misstatement at the Group level;

-- All significant elements of the group's finance and accounting function are situated and managed centrally and operate under one common internal control environment; all operations of the group are also managed from this location; and

Identifying significant components and the type of work performed on financial information of parent and other components (including how it addressed the key audit matters)

-- The financial significance of the two significant components. In assessing the risk of material misstatement to the consolidated financial statements, and to ensure we had adequate quantitative coverage of significant accounts in the consolidated financial statements, we performed full scope audit procedures the two components. This enabled us to obtain coverage of 100% of consolidated revenue, 100% coverage of consolidated profit before tax and 100% coverage of total assets for the group;

-- We undertook substantive testing on significant transactions, balances and disclosures, the extent of which was based on various factors such as our overall assessment of the control environment, the effectiveness of controls over individual systems and the management of specific risks.

-- Our audit procedures in respect of key audit matters have been described in the 'Key audit matter's section or our report

The approach adopted for the scope of the audit is same as that of the previous year and there has been no change.

Other information

The other information comprises the information included in the annual report, other than the consolidated financial statements and our auditor's report thereon. The directors are responsible for the other information contained within the annual report. Our opinion on the consolidated financial statements does not cover the other information and, except to the extent otherwise explicitly stated in our report, we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the consolidated financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the consolidated financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If we identify such material inconsistencies or apparent material misstatements, we are required to determine whether there is a material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements themselves. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact.

We have nothing to report in this regard.

Matters on which we are required to report by exception

We have nothing to report in respect of the following matters in relation to which the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 requires us us to report to you, in our opinion:

   --      proper accounting records have not been kept by the Company; or 
   --      the Company's financial statements are not in agreement with the accounting records; or 

-- we have not obtained all the information and explanations, which to the best of our knowledge and belief, are necessary for the purposes of our audit.

Responsibilities of directors

As explained more fully in the directors' responsibilities statement set out on page 11, the directors are responsible for the preparation of the consolidated financial statements which give a true and fair view in accordance with IFRSs, and for such internal control as the directors determine is necessary to enable the preparation of consolidated financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the consolidated financial statements, the directors are responsible for assessing the Group's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the directors either intend to liquidate the Group or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so.

Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the consolidated financial statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion.

Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISAs (UK) will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these consolidated financial statements.

Irregularities, including fraud, are instances of non-compliance with laws and regulations. We design procedures in line with our responsibilities, outlined above, to detect material misstatements in respect of irregularities, including fraud. Owing to the inherent limitations of an audit, there is an unavoidable risk that material misstatements in the consolidated financial statements may not be detected, even though the audit is properly planned and performed in accordance with the ISAs (UK).

The extent to which our procedures are capable of detecting irregularities, including fraud is detailed below:

-- We obtained an understanding of the legal and regulatory frameworks applicable to the Group and industry in which it operates. We determined that the following laws and regulations were most significant: IFRS as adopted by the European Union, Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008, and the relevant tax compliance regulations in the jurisdictions in which the Group operates. In addition, we concluded that there are certain significant laws and regulations that may have an effect on the determination of the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements such as those laws and regulations relating to health and safety, employee matters, and bribery and corruption practices ;

-- We obtained an understanding of how the Group is complying with those legal and regulatory frameworks by making inquiries of management and those responsible for legal and regulatory procedures. We corroborated our inquiries through our review of board minutes and papers provided to the Board;

-- We assessed the susceptibility of the Group's financial statements to material misstatement, including how fraud might occur. Audit procedures performed by the engagement team included ;

- identifying and assessing the design and implementation of controls management has in place to prevent and detect fraud;

-challenging assumptions and judgements made by management in its significant accounting estimates;

- identifying and testing journal entries, in particular any journal entries posted with unusual account combinations; and

-- These audit procedures were designed to provide reasonable assurance that the financial statements were free from fraud or error. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement due to fraud is higher than the risk of not detecting one resulting from error and detecting irregularities that result from fraud is inherently more difficult than detecting those that result from error, as fraud may involve collusion, deliberate concealment, forgery or intentional misrepresentations. Also, the further removed non-compliance with laws and regulations is from events and transactions reflected in the financial statements, the less likely we would become aware of it.

-- The engagement partner's assessment of the appropriateness of the collective competence and capabilities of the engagement team including consideration of the engagement teams :

- understanding of, and practical experience with audit engagements of a similar nature and complexity through appropriate training and participation;

   -     knowledge of industry in which the client operates; and 
   -     understanding of the legal and regulatory requirements specific to the Group 

-- We communicated relevant laws and regulations and potential fraud risk areas to all engagement team members, and remained alert to any indications of fraud or non compliance with laws and regulations throughout the audit.

   --    In assessing the potential risks of material misstatement, we obtained an understanding of : 

- the Group's operations, including the nature of its revenue sources, products and services and of its objectives and strategies to understand the classes of transactions, account balances, expected financial statement disclosures and business risks that may result in risks of material misstatement;

   -     the applicable statutory provisions; and 

- the adequacy of procedures for authorisation of transactions, internal review procedures over Group's compliance with statutory requirements;

A further description of our responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements is located on the Financial Reporting Council's website at: www.frc.org.uk/auditorsresponsibilities . This description forms part of our auditor's report.

Use of our report

This report is made solely to the Company's members, as a body, in accordance with Section 262 of the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008. Our audit work has been undertaken so that we might state to the Company's members those matters we are required to state to them in an auditor's report and for no other purpose. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the Company and the Company's members as a body, for our audit work, for this report, or for the opinions we have formed.

Michael Carpenter

For and on behalf of Grant Thornton Limited

Chartered Accountants

St Peter Port

Guernsey

Date: xx September 2023

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

(All amounts in United States Dollars, unless otherwise stated)

 
                                      Note     31 March 2023                31 March 2022 
                                             ---------------      ----------------------- 
 ASSETS 
 Non-current assets 
                                       7       1,223,434,478                1,149,223,672 
                                                   1,140,605                    1,213,986 
 Property, plant and equipment                         7,891                          549 
                                             --------------- 
 Tax assets 
  Other assets 
                                              -------------- 
 
 Total non-current assets                      1,224,582,974                1,150,438,207 
                                             ---------------      ----------------------- 
 Current assets 
 Inventories                          10           9,932,047                    9,459,753 
 Trade and other receivables           11          6,640,424                   20,105,840 
  Prepayment and other assets 
   due from a related party             16       107,348,170                  120,408,124 
 Cash and cash equivalents            12          11,765,514                    4,452,010 
                                             ---------------      ----------------------- 
 Total current assets                            135,686,155                  154,425,727 
                                             ---------------      ----------------------- 
 
 Total assets                                  1,360,269,129                1,304,863,934 
                                             ---------------      ----------------------- 
 
 LIABILITIES AND EQUITY 
 Shareholders' equity 
 Share capital                        13           3,619,443                    3,619,443 
 Additional paid-in capital           13          46,733,689                   46,733,689 
 Currency translation reserve         13         (9,313,782)                  (9,313,782) 
 Merger reserve                       13          19,570,288                   19,570,288 
 Retained earnings                    13         282,833,686                  251,953,802 
 Total shareholders' equity                      343,443,324                  312,563,440 
                                             ---------------      ----------------------- 
 
 Liabilities 
 Non-current liabilities 
 Long term debt, excluding current 
  portion                             14         175,475,431                   39,239,735 
 Provision for decommissioning        15           1,894,795                    1,987,325 
 
 Deferred tax liabilities (net)         8        144,392,951                  120,398,433 
  Payable to related parties, 
   excluding current portion             16      633,924,200                  625,442,503 
 Deferred revenue                     18          30,311,748                   25,563,995 
 Total non-current liabilities                   985,999,125                  812,631,991 
                                             ---------------      ----------------------- 
 Current liabilities 
 Current portion of long-term 
  debt                                14          28,458,200                  172,747,343 
 Current portion payable to 
  related parties                     16             333,611                      345,105 
 Trade and other payables              17          2,034,869                    1,498,969 
 Deferred revenue                     18                   -                    5,077,086 
 Total current liabilities                        30,826,680                  179,668,503 
                                              --------------      ----------------------- 
 
 Total liabilities                             1,016,825,805                  992,300,494 
                                              --------------      ----------------------- 
 
 Total equity and liabilities                  1,360,269,129                1,304,863,934 
                                              --------------      ----------------------- 
 
 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

These consolidated financial statements were approved and authorized for issue by the board on 26 September 2023 and was signed on its behalf by:

JONATHAN KEELING

Chairman

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

(All amounts in United States Dollars, unless otherwise stated)

 
                                                                               Year ended               Year ended 
                                                           Note             31 March 2023            31 March 2022 
                                                                 ------------------------  ----------------------- 
 
 
           Revenues                                        18                  63,034,644               53,709,538 
           Cost of sales                                                      (7,362,450)              (6,844,856) 
                                                                 ------------------------  ----------------------- 
           Gross profit                                                        55,672,194               46,864,682 
                                                                 ------------------------  ----------------------- 
 
           Cost and expenses 
           Administrative expenses                                              (915,858)                (924,699) 
                                                                 ------------------------  ----------------------- 
           Operating profit                                                    54,756,336               45,939,983 
                                                                 ------------------------  ----------------------- 
           Foreign currency exchange gain, 
            net                                            20                     118,066                   15,322 
           Profit before tax                                                   54,874,402               45,955,305 
                                                                 ------------------------  ----------------------- 
 
           Income taxes                                   9 
           - Deferred tax expense                                            (23,994,518)             (10,745,121) 
                                                                 ------------------------  ----------------------- 
 
             Profit for the year (attributable 
             to the shareholders of the Group)                                 30,879,884               35,210,184 
 
           Total comprehensive income for 
            the year (attributable to the 
            shareholders of the Group)                                         30,879,884               35,210,184 
                                                                 ------------------------  ----------------------- 
 
           Earnings per share                              22 
           Basic                                                                     0.17                     0.19 
           Diluted                                                                   0.17                     0.19 
 
 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

(All amounts in United States Dollars, unless otherwise stated)

 
                           Common stock       Additional    Currency       Merger        Retained           Total 
                                                paid in    translation     reserve       earnings       shareholders' 
                                                capital      reserve                                        equity 
                 --------------------------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ---------------  ---------------- 
                         No. of     Amount 
                         shares 
---------------  --------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ----------  ---  ---  ----------- 
 Balance 
  as at 1 April 
  2021              182,973,924   3,619,443   46,733,689   (9,313,782)   19,570,288      216,743,618       277,353,256 
---------------  --------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ---------------  ---------------- 
 
                      -             -              -             -            -           35,210,184     35,210,184 
--------------- 
 Total 
 comprehensive 
 income for 
 the year 
---------------  ---------  ---------------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ---------- 
 Balance 
  as at 31 
  March 2022        182,973,924   3,619,443   46,733,689   (9,313,782)   19,570,288      251,953,802       312,563,440                               - 
---------------  --------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ---------------  ---------------- 
 
                         -             -           -             -            -           30,879,884        30,879,884 
--------------- 
 Total 
 comprehensive 
 income for 
 the year 
---------------  --------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ---------------  ---------------- 
 Balance 
  as at 31 
  March 2023        182,973,924   3,619,443   46,733,689   (9,313,782)   19,570,288      282,833,686     343,443,324 
---------------  --------------  ----------  -----------  ------------  -----------  ---------------  ---------------- 
 
 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow

(All amounts in United States Dollars, unless otherwise stated)

 
                                                    Year ended                   Year ended 
                                                     31 March                      31 March 
                                                       2023                          2022 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
Cash flow from operating activities 
Profit before tax                                     54,874,402                               45,955,305 
Adjustments 
Unrealized exchange loss/(gain)                        (118,066)                                   36,942 
 Depreciation                                          6,443,735                                5,834,482 
Changes in operating assets and 
liabilities 
 Inventories                                           (472,294)                                (921,489) 
 Trade receivables                                    11,736,924                               14,573,417 
 Other current and non-current assets                (3,355,936)                              (1,725,158) 
 Payable to related party-operating 
  activities                                          13,059,954                                6,375,770 
 Provisions for decommissioning                         (92,528)                                   74,898 
 Accrued expenses and other liabilities              (7,724,358)                              (2,390,428) 
Cash generated from operations                        74,351,833                               67,813,739 
 Income taxes (paid)/received                             73,384                                (320,588) 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
Net cash generated from operating 
 activities                                           74,425,217                               67,493,151 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
Cash flow from investing activities 
 Purchase of property, plant and equipment          (12,237,220)                             (22,561,337) 
Net cash used in investing activities               (12,237,220)                             (22,561,337) 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
Cash flow from financing activities 
Proceeds from long term bonds                        159,839,930                                          - 
 Repayment of long-term Bonds                      (150,000,000)                                        - 
 Repayment of long-term debt from banks             (18,936,000)                             (20,736,000) 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
Proceeds from loans by related parties                 6,000,000                               17,425,000 
Repayment of loans by related parties               (37,250,000)                             (23,000,000) 
Payment of interest                                 (14,646,488)                             (15,150,562) 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
Net cash generated from financing 
 activities                                         (54,992,558)                             (41,461,562) 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents              7,195,439                                3,470,242 
Cash and cash equivalents at the 
 beginning of the year                                 4,452,010                                  995,765 
Effects of exchange differences on 
 cash and cash equivalents                               118,066                                 (14,007) 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
Cash and cash equivalents at the 
 end of the year                                      11,765,514                                4,452,010 
                                                  --------------    ------------------------------------- 
 
 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(All amounts in United States Dollars, unless otherwise stated)

   1.    INTRODUCTION 

Indus Gas Limited ("Indus Gas" or "the Company") was incorporated in the Island of Guernsey on 4 March 2008 pursuant to an Act of the Royal Court of the Island of Guernsey. The Company was set up to act as the holding Company of iServices Investments Limited. ("iServices") and Newbury Oil Co. Limited ("Newbury"). iServices and Newbury are companies incorporated in Mauritius and Cyprus, respectively. iServices was incorporated on 18 June 2003 and Newbury was incorporated on 17 February 2005. The Company was listed on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM) of the London Stock Exchange on 6 June 2008. Indus Gas through its wholly owned subsidiaries iServices and Newbury (hereinafter collectively referred to as "the Group") are engaged in the business of oil and gas exploration, development and production.

Focus Energy Limited ("Focus"), an entity incorporated in India, entered into a Production Sharing Contract ("PSC") with the Government of India ("GOI") and Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited ("ONGC") on 30 June 1998 for petroleum exploration and development concession in India known as RJ-ON/06 ("the Block"). Focus is the Operator of the Block. On 13 January 2006, iServices and Newbury entered into an interest sharing agreement with Focus and obtained a 65 per cent and 25 per cent share respectively in the Block. The balance of 10 per cent of participating interest is owned by Focus. The participating interest explained above is subject to any option exercised by ONGC in respect of individual fields (already exercised for all the wells in SGL field as further explained in note 3).

   2.   GENERAL INFORMATION 

The consolidated financial statements of the Group have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ('IFRS') as adopted by the European Union ('EU'). The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis (refer to note 28), and are presented in United States Dollar (US$). The functional currency of the Company as well as its subsidiaries is US$.

   3.   JOINTLY CONTROLLED ASSETS 

As explained above, the Group through its subsidiaries-iServices and Newbury has an "Interest sharing arrangement" with Focus in the block, which under IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements, is classified as a 'Joint operation'. All rights and obligations in respect of exploration, development and production of oil and gas resources under the 'Interest sharing agreement' are shared between Focus, iServices and Newbury in the ratio of 10 per cent, 65 per cent and 25 per cent respectively.

Under the PSC, the GOI, through ONGC has an option to acquire a 30 per cent participating interest in any discovered field, upon such successful discovery of oil or gas reserves, which has been declared as commercially feasible to develop.

The block is divided into 3 fields - SGL, SSF and SSG.

The SGL field received its declaration of commercial discovery on 21 January 2008. Subsequent to the declaration of commercial discovery in SGL field, ONGC exercised the option to acquire a 30 per cent participating interest in the discovered fields on 6 June 2008. The exercise of this option reduced the interest of the existing partners proportionately.

However, on exercise of this option, ONGC is liable to pay its share of 30 per cent of the SGL field development costs and production costs incurred after 21 January 2008 and are entitled to a 30 per cent share in the production of gas subject to recovery of contract costs as explained below.

The allocation of the production from the field to each participant in any year is determined on the basis of the respective proportion of each participant's cumulative unrecovered contract costs as at the end of the previous year or where there is no unrecovered contract cost at the end of previous year on the basis of participating interest of each such participant in the field.

On the basis of the above, gas production for the year ended 31 March 2023 is shared between Focus, iServices and Newbury in the ratio of 10 percent, 65 percent and 25 percent, respectively. ONGC will not be entitled to any participating interest in the production until the full exploration and development cost and production cost is recovered by other participants.

The aggregate amounts relating to jointly controlled assets, liabilities, expenses and commitments related thereto that have been included in the consolidated financial statements are as follows:

 
                                         31 March 2023     31 March 2022 
---------------------------------  -------------------  ---------------- 
 
Non-current assets                       1,223,434,478     1,149,223,672 
 Current assets                                              129,867,877 
                                           111,000,741 
 
Non-current liabilities                      1,894,797         1,987,325 
 
Expenses (net of finance income)             6,342,915         6,702,159 
 
 
 

Further, the SSF and SSG field also received its declaration of commerciality on 24th November 2014. Subsequent to the declaration of commerciality for SSF and SSG discovery, ONGC did not exercise the option to acquire 30 percent in respect of SSG and SSF field. The participating interest in SSG and SSF field between Focus, iServices and Newbury will remain in ratio of 10 percent, 65 percent and 25 percent respectively for exploration, evaluation and development cost, and production revenue for SSG and SSF in the block.

   4.   NEW AND AMED STANDARDS ADOPTED BY THE GROUP 

There are few Standards, interpretations or amendments that have been issued prior to the date of approval of these financial statements and endorsed by IASB. Following are the amendments that applicable from financial year beginning 1 January 2022.

   a.   Interest Rate Benchmark Reform (Amendments to IFRS 9, IAS 39, IFRS 7, IFRS 4 and IFRS 16) 
   b.   COVID-19 Rent Related Concessions beyond 30 June 2022 (Amendments to IFRS 16) 

These amendments do not have a significant impact on the Financial Statements and therefore the disclosures have not been made.

   5.   STANDARDS AND INTERPRETATIONS ISSUED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE AND YET TO BE APPLIED BY THE GROUP 

A number of new and amended accounting standards and interpretations have been published that are not mandatory for the Group's accounts ended 31 March 2023, nor have they been early adopted. These standards and interpretations are not expected to have a material impact on the Group's consolidated financial statements:

   i.    IFRS 17, 'Insurance contracts' as amended in December 2021 
   ii.   Narrow scope amendments to IAS 1, Practice statement 2 and IAS 8 

iii. Amendment to IAS 12- deferred tax related to assets and liabilities arising from a single transaction

iv. Amendment to IAS 1 - Non current liabilities with covenants

   v.   Amendment to IFRS 16 - Leases on sale and leaseback 
   6.   SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a historical basis, except where specified below. A summary of the significant accounting policies applied in the preparation of the accompanying consolidated financial statements are detailed below.

   6.1.        BASIS OF CONSOLIDATION 

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the parent company and all of its subsidiary undertakings drawn up to 31 March 2023. The Group consolidates entities which it controls. Control exists when the parent has power over the entity, is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns by using its power over the entity. Power is demonstrated through existing rights that give the ability to direct relevant activities, those which significantly affect the entity's returns.

The Group recognises in relation to its interest in a joint operation:

   a.         its assets, including its share of any assets held jointly; 
   b.         its liabilities, including its share of any liabilities incurred jointly; 
   c.         its revenue from the sale of its share of the output arising from the joint operation; 
   d.         its share of the revenue from the sale of the output by the joint operation; and 
   e.         its expenses, including its share of any expenses incurred jointly. 

Intra-Group balances and transactions, and any unrealised gains and losses arising from intra-Group transactions are eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements. Amounts reported in the financial statements of subsidiaries have been adjusted where necessary to ensure consistency with the accounting policies adopted by the Group.

Profit or losses of subsidiaries acquired or disposed of during the year are recognised from the date of control of acquisition, or up to the effective date of disposal, as applicable.

   6.2.       SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING JUDGEMENTS AND ESTIMATES 

In preparing consolidated financial statements, the Group's management is required to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statement and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results may ultimately differ from those estimates. The management's estimates for the useful life and residual value of tangible assets, impairment of tangible assets and recognition of provision for decommissioning represent certain particularly sensitive estimates. The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an on-going basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both

current and future periods. Information about significant judgments, estimates and assumptions that have the most significant effect on recognition and measurement of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses is provided in note 26.

   6.3.       FOREIGN CURRENCIES 

The consolidated financial statements have been presented in US$ which is the functional currency of the Company and the group entities.

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency of the respective Group entities, using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions (spot exchange rate).

Functional currency is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the functional currency spot rates of exchange at the reporting date. Differences arising on settlement or translation of monetary items and other foreign currency transactions are recognized in consolidated statement of comprehensive income.

Non-monetary items measured at historical cost are recorded in the functional currency of the entity using the exchange rates at the date of the transaction.

   6.4.       REVENUE RECOGNITION 

In accordance with IFRS 15, Revenue from contracts with customers is recognised when or as the Company satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control of a promised goods to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for the sale of products, net of taxes on sales, estimated rebates and other similar allowances.

Sale of gas

The contracts with customers establish, a single performance obligation in relation to supply of natural gas. The transfer of control of natural gas coincides with title passing to the customer and the customer taking physical possession. The whole of the transaction price of the contract is allocated to supply of natural gas and the revenue has been recognised on point in time basis when the quantities of natural gas are supplied to the customers.

The Group has only one contractual arrangement for sale of gas to Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), wherein the revenue gets recognised on the basis of delivery i.e. point in time revenue recognition. Further, there are no other performance obligations which the company is liable to perform . As per the contract signed with customer, entity is eligible to recover the amount from customer within 15 days of raising invoice .

Take or pay: Any payment received on account of lesser gas volume lifted by the customer against the 'annual contracted volume 'for which an obligation exists to make-up such differential gas in subsequent periods is recognised as Contract Liabilities in the year of receipt. Revenue in respect of take or pay obligation is recognised when such gas is actually supplied or when the customer's right to make up is expired, whichever is earlier. For other contracts, where the Company does not have any obligation to make up such gas in subsequent period is directly recognised as revenue.

   6.5.       PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT 

Property, plant and equipment comprise development assets and other properties, plant and equipment used in the gas fields and for administrative purposes. These assets are stated at cost plus decommissioning cost less accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment losses.

Development assets are accumulated on a field-by-field basis and comprise costs of developing the commercially feasible reserve, expenditure on the construction, installation or completion of infrastructure facilities such as platforms, pipelines and other costs of bringing such reserves into production. It also includes the exploration and evaluation costs incurred in discovering the commercially feasible reserve, which have been transferred from the exploration and evaluation assets as per the policy mentioned in note 6.6. As consistent with the full cost method, all exploration and evaluation expenditure incurred up to the date of the commercial discovery have been classified under development assets of that field.

The carrying values of property, plant and equipment are reviewed for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable.

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on de-recognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is included in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income of the year in which the asset is derecognized. However, where the asset is being consumed in developing exploration and evaluation assets, such gain or loss is recognized as part of the cost of the asset.

The asset's residual values, useful lives and depreciation methods are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at each period end. No depreciation is charged on development assets until production commences.

Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is provided at rates estimated by the management. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method of depreciation, whereby each asset is written down to its estimated residual value evenly over its expected useful life. The useful lives estimated by the management are as follows:

 
 Extended well test equipment   20 years 
 Bunk houses                     5 years 
 Vehicles                        5 years 
 Other assets 
 Furniture and fixture           5 years 
 Buildings                      10 years 
 Computer equipment              3 years 
 Other equipment                 5 years 
 

Land acquired is recognized at cost and no depreciation is charged as it has an unlimited useful life.

Production assets are depreciated from the date of commencement of production, on a field-by-field basis with reference to the unit of production method for the commercially probable and proven reserves in the particular field.

Advances paid for the acquisition/ construction of property, plant and equipment which are outstanding as at the end of the reporting period and the cost of property, plant and equipment under construction before such date are disclosed as 'Capital work-in-progress'.

   6.6.       EXPLORATION AND EVALUATION ASSETS 

The Group adopts the full cost method of accounting for its oil and gas interests, having regard to the requirements of IFRS 6: Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources. Under the full cost method of accounting, all costs of exploring for and evaluating oil and gas properties, whether productive or not are accumulated and capitalized by reference to appropriate cost pools. Such cost pools are based on geographic areas and are not larger than a segment. The Group currently has one cost pool being an area of land located in Rajasthan, India.

Exploration and evaluation costs may include costs of license acquisition, directly attributable exploration costs such as technical services and studies, seismic data acquisition and processing, exploration drilling and testing, technical feasibility, commercial viability costs, finance costs to the extent they are directly attributable to financing these activities and an allocation of administrative and salary costs as determined by management. All costs incurred prior to the award of an exploration license are written off as a loss in the year incurred.

Exploration and evaluation costs are classified as tangible asset according to the nature of the assets acquired and the classification is applied consistently. Tangible exploration and evaluation assets are recognized and measured in accordance with the accounting policy on property, plant and equipment. To the extent that such a tangible asset is consumed in developing exploration and evaluation asset, the amount reflecting that consumption is recorded as part of the cost of the asset.

Exploration and evaluation assets are not amortized prior to the conclusion of appraisal activities. Where technical feasibility and commercial viability is demonstrated, the carrying value of the relevant exploration and evaluation asset is reclassified as a development and production asset and tested for impairment on the date of reclassification. Impairment loss, if any, is recognized.

The group has completed exploration and evaluation phase in 2017 when field development plan has been approved by Directorate General of Hydrocarbons ('DGH') i.e., technical feasibility and commercial viability were demonstrable. Therefore, any cost incurred thereafter on development activities is capitalized directly to development assets.

   6.7.   IMPAIRMENT TESTING FOR EXPLORATION AND EVALUATION ASSETS AND PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT 

An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which an asset's cash-generating unit's carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of fair value, reflecting market conditions less costs to sell, and value in use based on an internal discounted cash flow evaluation.

Where there are indicators that an exploration asset may be impaired, the exploration and evaluation assets are grouped with all development/producing assets belonging to the same geographic segment to form the Cash Generating Unit (CGU) for impairment testing. Where there are indicators that an item of property, plant and equipment asset is impaired, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows to form the CGU. The combined cost of the CGU is compared against the CGU's recoverable amount and any resulting impairment loss is written off in the profit or loss of the year. No impairment has been recognized during the year.

An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Group estimates the asset's or CGU's recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset's recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in profit or loss unless the asset is carried at a re-valued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.

   6.8.       FINANCIAL ASSETS 

Financial Instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the financial instrument. Financial assets are derecognized when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire, or when the financial asset and all substantial risks and rewards are transferred. A financial liability is derecognized when it is extinguished, discharged, cancelled or expires. Financial assets and financial liabilities are measured initially at fair value plus transactions costs, except for financial assets and financial liabilities carried at fair value through profit or loss, which are measured initially at fair value. Trade receivables that do not contain a significant financing component are measured at the transaction price. The value of interest free financial assets and financial liabilities with short term maturities are not discounted at initial recognition if the impact is not material. Financial assets and financial liabilities are measured subsequently as described below.

Recognition of Financial Asset

On initial recognition, a financial asset is classified as measured at

- Amortized cost;

- Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) - debt investment;

- Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) - equity investment; or

- Fair value through profit and loss (FVTPL)

Financial assets are not reclassified subsequent to their initial recognition, except if and in the period the Group changes its business model for managing financial assets.

A financial asset is measured at amortized cost if it meets both of the following conditions and is not designated as at FVTPL:

-- The asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets to collect contractual cash flows; and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

-- The category determines subsequent measurement and whether any resulting income and expense is recognized in consolidated statement of comprehensive income.

After initial recognition, financials assets at amortized cost are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

Impairment of financial assets

IFRS 9's impairment requirements use more forward-looking information to recognise expected credit losses - the 'expected credit loss (ECL) model'. The Group considers a broader range of information when assessing credit risk and measuring expected credit losses, including past events, current conditions, reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the expected collectability of the future cash flows of the instrument.

In applying this forward-looking approach, a distinction is made between:

-- financial instruments that have not deteriorated significantly in credit quality since initial recognition or that have low credit risk and

-- financial instruments that have deteriorated significantly in credit quality since initial recognition and whose credit risk is not low.

   --    financial assets that have objective evidence of impairment at the reporting date. 

'12-month expected credit losses' are recognised for the first category while 'lifetime expected credit losses' are recognised for the second category.

The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk. For trade receivables only, the Group applies the simplified approach required by IFRS 9, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognised from initial recognition of the receivables.

   6.9.       FINANCIAL LIABILITIES 

The Group's financial liabilities include borrowings, trade payables and other payables which are classified as financial liabilities recognized at amortized cost. Financial liabilities are measured subsequently at amortized cost using the effective interest method except for financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss ("FVTPL"), that are carried subsequently at fair value with gains or losses recognized in profit or loss in consolidated statement of comprehensive income.

   6.10.      INVENTORIES 

Inventories are measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Inventories of drilling stores and spares are accounted at cost including taxes, duties and freight. The cost of all inventories other than drilling bits is computed on the basis of the first in first out method. The cost for drilling bits is computed based on specific identification method.

   6.11.      ACCOUNTING FOR INCOME TAXES 

Income tax assets and/or liabilities comprise those obligations to, or claims from, fiscal authorities relating to the current or prior reporting period that are unrecovered/unpaid at the date of the statement of financial position. They are calculated according to the tax rates and tax laws applicable to the fiscal periods to which they relate, based on the taxable profit for the year. All changes to current tax assets or liabilities are recognized as a component of tax expense in consolidated statement of comprehensive income.

Deferred income taxes are calculated using the balance sheet method on temporary differences. This involves the comparison of the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statement with their tax base. The cost incurred on each field is claimed as deduction from the year of commercial production. Deferred tax is, however, neither provided on the initial recognition of goodwill, nor on the initial recognition of an asset or liability unless the related transaction is a business combination or affects tax or accounting profit. Tax losses available to be carried forward as well as other income tax credits to the Group are assessed for recognition as deferred tax assets.

Deferred tax liabilities are always provided for in full. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probable that they will be offset against future taxable income. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are calculated, without discounting, at tax rates and laws that are expected to apply to their respective period of realization, provided they are enacted or substantively enacted at the date of the statement of financial position.

Changes in deferred tax assets or liabilities are recognized as a component of tax expense in profit or loss of the year, except where they relate to items that are charged or credited directly to other comprehensive income or equity in which case the related deferred tax is also charged or credited directly to other comprehensive income or equity.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority.

   6.12.      BORROWING COSTS 

Any interest payable on funds borrowed for the purpose of obtaining qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, is capitalized as a cost of that asset until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. While the Company has not made any specific borrowings for construction of a qualifying asset, they have capitalized certain borrowing costs on account of general borrowings at an average rate of borrowings for the Company in terms of IAS 23 'Borrowing Costs'.

Any associated interest charge from funds borrowed principally to address a short-term cash flow shortfall during the suspension of development activities is expensed in the period. Transaction costs incurred towards an unutilized debt facility is treated as prepayments to be adjusted against the carrying value of debt as and when drawn.

   6.13.      CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, at bank in demand deposits and deposit with maturities of 3 months or less from inception, which are readily convertible to known amounts of cash. These assets are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value.

   6.14.      OTHER PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES 

Provisions are recognized when the Group has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event. It is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

Where the Group expects some or all of provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision net of any reimbursement is recognized in profit or loss of the year. To the extent such expense is incurred for construction or development of any asset, it is included in the cost of that asset. If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are determined by discounting the expected future cash flows at a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and, where appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. Where discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as other finance expenses.

Provisions include decommissioning provisions representing management's best estimate of the Group's liability for restoring the sites of drilled wells to their original status. Provision for decommissioning is recognized at the present value of the estimated future expenditure when the Group has an obligation and a reliable estimate can be made, with a corresponding addition to property, plant and equipment which is subsequently depreciated as part of the asset.

Commitments and contingent liabilities are not recognized in the financial statements. They are disclosed unless the possibility of an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is remote.

A contingent asset is not recognized but disclosed in the financial statements when an inflow of economic benefits is probable but when it is virtually certain than the asset is recognized in the financial statements.

In those cases, where the possible outflow of economic resource as a result of present obligations is considered improbable or remote, or the amount to be provided for cannot be measured reliably, no liability is recognized in the statement of financial position and no disclosure is made.

   6.15.      SEGMENT REPORTING 

Operating segments are identified on the basis of internal reports about components of the Group that are regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker in order to allocate resources to the segments and to assess their performance. The Company considers that it operates in a single operating segment being the production and sale of gas.

   7.   PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT 

Property, plant and equipment comprise of the following:

 
      Cost            Land          Extended                            Production       Bunk Houses      Vehicles        Other           Capital             Total 
                                    well test          Development         Assets                                         assets      work-in-progress 
                                    equipment            assets 
---------------  --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------  -----------------  ---------------- 
 Balance as at 
  31 March 
  2021                  167,248       4,914,428           862,379,376   258,573,673           7,869,575   4,917,035       1,695,265          2,894,389     1,143,410,989 
 Additions                    -         258,301            73,380,143             -           -               -                   -             84,481        74,722,925 
 Transfers                    -   -                      (71,343,270)    71,343,270           -                   -               -                  -                 - 
 Disposals                    -               -                     -                         -                   -               -                  - 
---------------  --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------  -----------------  ---------------- 
 Balance as at 
  31 March 
  2022                  167,248       5,172,729           865,416,249   329,916,943           7,869,575   4,917,035       1,695,265          2,978,870     1,218,133,914 
---------------  --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------  -----------------  ---------------- 
 Additions                    -       3,958,473            77,050,148             -                   -      46,888               -             45,876        81,101,385 
 Transfers                    -               -          (63,779,513)    63,779,513                   -           -               -                  -                 - 
 Disposals                    -               -                     -                 -                    -                      -                  - 
 Balance as at 
  31 March 
  2023                  167,248       9,131,202           878,686,884   393,696,456           7,869,575   4,963,923       1,695,265          3,024,746    1,299,235,299 
---------------  --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------  -----------------  ---------------- 
 
  Accumulated 
  Depreciation 
 Balance as at 
  1 April 
  2021                        -       2,673,660                     -    47,378,609           6,018,596   4,702,682       1,683,377                  -        62,456,924 
 Depreciation 
  for the 
  year                        -         225,161                     -     5,834,481             198,577     195,099               -                  -         6,453,318 
                 --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------                     ---------------- 
 Balance as at 
  31 March 
  2022                        -      2 ,898,821                     -    53,213,090           6,217,173   4,897,781       1,683,377                  -        68,910,242 
---------------  --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------  -----------------  ---------------- 
 Depreciation 
  for the 
  year                        -         230,847                     -     6,443,735             195,536      18,543           1,917                  -         6,890,578 
                 --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------                     ---------------- 
 Balance as at 
  31 March 
  2023                        -     3 ,129,668                      -    59,656,825           6,412,709   4,916,324       1,684,294                  -        75,800,820 
---------------  --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------  -----------------  ---------------- 
 
 Carrying 
 values 
 At 31 March 
  2021                  167,248       2,240,768           862,379,376   211,195,064           1,850,979     214,353          11,888          2,894,389     1,080,954,065 
 At 31 March 
  2022                  167,248       2,273,908           865,416,249   276,703,853           1,652,402      19,254          11,888          2,978,870     1,149,223,672 
 At 31 March 
  2023                  167,248       6,001,534           878,686,885   334,039,630           1,456,864      47,599           9,971          3,024,749     1,223,434,478 
---------------  --------------  --------------  --------------------  ------------  ------------------  ----------  --------------  -----------------  ---------------- 
 

The balances above represent the Group's share in property, plant and equipment as per note 3. Tangible assets comprise development /production assets in respect of SGL, SSG and SSF fields.

Development assets of SGL, SSG and SSF fields includes the amount of exploration and evaluation expenditure transferred to development cost on the date of the first commercial discovery declared by the Group and also includes expenditure incurred for the drilling of further wells in these fields to enhance the production activity.

Production assets in respect of SGL field includes completed production facilities. The Group commenced the production facility in October 2012, and accordingly such production assets have been depreciated since this date.

The additions in development assets also include borrowing costs US$ 55,091,974 (previous year: US$ 53,932,526). The weighted average capitalization rate on funds borrowed generally is 6.76per cent per annum (previous year 6.72per cent).

The depreciation has been included in the following headings-

 
                                           31 March 2023   31 March 2022 
 ---------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Depreciation included in assets other 
 than production assets                          446,843         618,837 
 
   Depreciation included in statement 
   of comprehensive income under the 
   head cost of sales for production 
   assets                                      6,443,735       5,834,481 
----------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Total                                         6,890,578       6,453,318 
----------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
   8.   DEFERRED TAX ASSETS/ LIABILITIES (NET) 

Deferred taxes arising from temporary differences are summarized as follows:

 
                                              31 March        31 March 2022 
                                               2023 
  -----------------------------------------  -------------  --------------- 
                                               385,508,089 
  Deferred tax assets                          385,508,089      378,661,726 
  Unabsorbed losses/credits                                     378,661,726 
   Total 
   Deferred tax liability 
 Development assets/ property, plant and 
 equipment                                     529,901,040      499,060,159 
 Total                                         529,901,040      499,060,159 
 Net deferred tax liabilities                  144,392,951      120,398,433 
-------------------------------------------  -------------  --------------- 
 

a) The Group has recognized deferred tax assets on all of its unused tax losses/unabsorbed depreciation considering there is convincing evidence of availability of sufficient taxable profit in the Group in the future as summarized in note 9.

b) The deferred tax movements during the current year have been recognized in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income.

   9.   INCOME TAXES 

Income tax is based on the tax rates applicable on profit or loss in various jurisdictions in which the Group operates. The effective tax at the domestic rates applicable to profits in the country concerned as shown in the reconciliation below have been computed by multiplying the accounting profit by the effective tax rate in each jurisdiction in which the Group operates. The individual entity amounts have then been aggregated for the consolidated financial statements. The effective tax rate applied in each individual entity has not been disclosed in the tax reconciliation below as the amounts aggregated for individual Group entities would not be a meaningful number.

Income tax credit is arising on account of the following:

 
                                       31 March 2023          31 March 
                                                               2022 
------------------------------  ---------------------------  -------------- 
 Deferred tax charge                        (23,994,518)       (10,745,121) 
 Total                                       (23,994,518)     ( 10,745,121) 
-----------------------------------  ----------------------  -------------- 
 
 

The relationship between the expected tax expense based on the domestic tax rates for each of the legal entities within the Group and the reported tax expense in consolidated statement of comprehensive income is reconciled as follows:

 
                                                     31 March      31 March 
                                                         2023          2022 
 Accounting profit for the year before 
  tax                                              54,873,961    45,955,305 
 Effective tax at the domestic rates applicable 
  to profits in the country concerned              23,968,946    20,073,277 
 
 Tax impact of bought forward losses lapsed                 -             - 
  during the year 
 Non-taxable income                                    25,572   (9,328,156) 
 Other                                                      -             - 
 Tax expense                                       23,994,518    10,745,121 
                                                  -----------  ------------ 
 

The reconciliation shown above has been based on the rate 43.68 per cent (previous year: 43.68per cent) as applicable under Indian tax laws.

The Company's profits are taxable as per the tax laws applicable in Guernsey where zero per cent tax rate has been prescribed for corporate. Accordingly, there is no tax liability for the Group in Guernsey. IServices and Newbury being participants in the PSC are covered under the Indian Income tax laws as well as tax laws for their respective countries. However, considering the existence of double tax avoidance arrangement between Cyprus and India, and Mauritius and India, profits in Newbury and iServices are not likely to attract any additional tax in their local jurisdiction. Under Indian tax laws, Newbury and iServices are allowed to claim the entire expenditure incurred in respect of the respective fields in the Oil Block until the start of commercial production (whether included in the exploration and evaluation assets or development assets) as deductible expense in the first year of commercial production or over a period of 10 years. The Group has opted to claim the expenditure in the first year of commercial production. As the Group has commenced commercial production for SGL, SSG and SSF field and has generated profits in Newbury and iServices, the management believes there is reasonable certainty of utilization of such losses in the future years and thus a deferred tax asset has been created in respect of these.

10. INVENTORIES

Inventories comprise the following:

 
                                                  31 March 2023    31 March 
                                                                       2022 
------------------------------------  -------------------------  ---------- 
 Drilling and production stores and 
  spares                                              9,778,466   6,478,942 
 Fuel                                                   109,357      90,486 
 Goods in transit                                        44,224   2,890,325 
 Total                                                9,932,047   9,459,753 
------------------------------------  -------------------------  ---------- 
 

The above inventories are held for use in the exploration, development and production activities. These are valued at cost determined based on policy explained in paragraph 6.10. Inventories of US$552,413 (previous year: US$ 629,160) were recorded as an expense under the heading 'cost of sales' in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income during the year ended 31 March 2023. Inventories of US$ 9,248,791 (previous year: US$ 10,504,352) were capitalized as part of development assets.

11. TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLE

 
                                       31 March 2023    31 March 
                                                          2022 
---------------------  -----------------------------  ----------- 
 Trade receivable                          6,598,149   18,335,073 
 Other Current Asset                          42,275    1,770,767 
---------------------  ----------------------------- 
 Total                                     6,640,424   20,105,840 
---------------------  -----------------------------  ----------- 
 

The carrying amount of trade receivables approximates their fair values. Refer "Credit risk" in note 29 for further information.

12. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

 
                                      31 March 2023   31 March 2022 
-----------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Cash at banks in current accounts       11,765,514       4,452,010 
-----------------------------------  -------------- 
 Total                                   11,765,514       4,452,010 
-----------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

The Group only deposits cash surpluses with major banks of high-quality credit standing.

13. EQUITY

Authorized share capital

The total authorized share capital of the Company is GBP 5,000,000 divided into 500,000,000 shares of GBP 0.01 each.

Issued share capital

The total issued share capital of the Company is USD 3,619,443 (previous year: 3,619,443) divided into 182,973,924 shares (previous year: 182,973,924).

-- For all matters submitted to vote in the shareholders meeting of the Company, every holder of ordinary shares, as reflected in the records of the Company on the date of the shareholders' meeting has one vote in respect of each share held.

All shareholders are equally eligible to receive dividends and the repayment of capital in the event of liquidation of the individual entities of the Group.

Additional paid in capital

Additional paid-in capital represents excess over the par value of share capital paid in by shareholders in return for the shares issued to them, recorded net of expenses incurred on issue of shares.

Currency translation reserve

Currency translation reserve represents the balance of translation of the entity's financial statements into US$ until 30 November 2010 when its functional currency was assessed as GBP. Subsequent to 1 December 2010, the functional currency of Indus Gas was reassessed as US$.

Merger reserve

The balance on the merger reserve represents the fair value of the consideration given in excess of the nominal value of the ordinary shares issued in an acquisition made by the issue of shares of subsidiaries from other entities under common control.

Retained earnings

Retained earnings include current and prior period retained profits.

14. LONG TERM DEBT

From Banks

 
                                     Maturity       31 March 2023     31 March 
                                                                          2022 
----------------------------------  ------------  ---------------  ----------- 
                                      November 
                                      2024 (PY: 
 Non-current portion of long-term      November 
  debt                                  2024)          15,859,060   39,239,735 
 Current portion of long-term 
  debt                                                 24,155,800   19,079,585 
 Total                                                 40,014,860   58,319,320 
------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ----------- 
 

Current interest rates are variable and weighted average interest for the year was 6.76 per cent per annum (previous year: 6.72 per cent per annum). The fair value of the above variable rate borrowings is considered to approximate their carrying amounts. The maturity profile (undiscounted) is explained in note 29.

Interest capitalised on loans above have been disclosed in notes 7.

The term loans are secured by following: -

-- First charge on all project assets of the Group both present and future, to the extent of SGL Field Development and to the extent of capex incurred out of this facility in the rest of RJ-ON/6 field.

-- First charge on the current assets (inclusive of condensate receivable) of the Group to the extent of SGL field.

-- First Charge on the entire current assets of the SGL Field and to the extent of capex incurred out of this facility in the rest of RJON/6 field.

From Bonds

 
                                     Maturity    31 March         31 March 
                                                  2023                2022 
----------------------------------  ----------  ------------  ------------ 
 Current portion of long-term 
  debt                               2023                  -   153,667,758 
 Non-current portion of long-term    2027        159,608,734             - 
  debt 
 Current portion of long-term                      4,302,400             - 
  debt 
 Total                                           163,918,772   153,667,758 
----------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

The Group has issued US Dollar 160.00 million bonds which carries interest at the rate of 8 per cent per annum, for the purpose of re-financing the bonds which were repayable in December 2022. These bonds are unsecured bonds and are fully repayable at the end of 5 years i.e., November 2027, further interest on these notes is paid semi-annually.

15. PROVISION FOR DECOMMISSIONING

 
                                   Amount 
-----------------------------  ---------- 
 Balance at 1 April 2021        1,912,427 
 Increase in provision             74,898 
 Balance as at 31 March 2022    1,987,325 
 (Decrease) in provision         (92,529) 
 Balance as at 31 March 2023    1,894,794 
-----------------------------  ---------- 
 

As per the PSC, the Group is required to carry out certain decommissioning activities on gas wells. The provision for decommissioning relates to the estimation of future disbursements related to the abandonment and decommissioning of gas wells. The provision has been estimated by the Group's engineers, based on individual well filling and coverage. This provision will be utilized when the related wells are fully depleted. The majority of the cost is expected to be incurred within a period of next 4 years.

16. PAYABLE/ RECEIVABLE TO RELATED PARTIES

Related parties payable comprise the following:

 
                                   Maturity    31March 2023   31March 2022 
--------------------------------  ----------  -------------  ------------- 
 Current 
 Payable to directors                               333,611        345,105 
                                                    333,611        345,105 
 Other than current 
 Borrowings from Gynia Holdings 
  Ltd.*                                         633,924,200    625,442,503 
                                                633,924,200    625,442,503 
 
 Total                                          634,257,811      625,787,608 
--------------------------------------------  -------------  --------------- 
 
 

* Borrowings from Gynia Holdings Ltd. carries interest rate of 6.5 per cent per annum compounded annually. The entire outstanding balance (including interest) is subordinate to the loans taken from the banks (detailed in note 14) and therefore, is payable along with related interest subsequent to repayment of bank loan.

Interest capitalised on loans above have been disclosed in note7.

Related parties' receivable comprises the following:

 
                                 Maturity         31March         31March 2022 
                                                     2023 
------------------------------  -----------  ------------  ------------------- 
 Current 
 Prepayments and other assets 
  due from Focus                 On demand    107,348,170          120,408,124 
------------------------------ 
 Total                                        107,348,170          120,408,124 
-------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------------- 
 

Prepayments and other assets due from Focus

Prepayments to Focus represents excess amounts paid to them in respect of the Group's share of contract costs, for its participating interest in Block RJ-ON/6 pursuant to the terms of Agreement for Assignment dated 13 January 2006 and its subsequent amendments from time to time.

Other assets comprises of the amount of royalty recoverable from Focus Energy Limited.

17. TRADE AND OTHER PAYABLES

 
                      31March 2023   31March 2022 
-------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Trade payables          1,139,946      1,199,586 
 VAT payables              483,957        116,125 
 Other liabilities         410,966        183,258 
-------------------  -------------  ------------- 
                         2,034,869      1,498,969 
-------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

The carrying amount of trade and other payable approximates their fair values and are non-interest bearing.

18. REVENUE

The Group's revenue disaggregated by primary geographical markets is as follows:

 
           31March 2023   31March 2022 
--------  -------------  ------------- 
 Asia        63,034,644     53,709,538 
 Europe               -              - 
--------  -------------  ------------- 
             63,034,644     53,709,538 
--------  -------------  ------------- 
 

The Group's revenue disaggregated by the portion of revenue recognition is as follows:

 
                                         31March 2023   31March 2022 
--------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Goods transferred at a point in time      63,034,644     53,709,538 
 Services transferred at a point in                 -              - 
  time 
                                           63,992,688     53,709,538 
--------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

Sale of Goods (Gas)

The revenue majorly pertains to the sale of natural gas and condensate production (by-product). The Group sells its natural gas to GAIL at a price fixed under the agreement. The condensate is sold in the open market through bidding. Further, the Company has entered into a gas sale agreement wherein the customer is to be liable to pay 41 % (Previous year: 41%) of the annual contracted quantity if the customer does not purchase gas during the financial year.

Sale of services

The sale of services represents revenue earned from technical and other support services being rendered to oil and gas exploration companies.

Contractual assets and Contractual Liabilities

 
                                          31 March 2023              31 March 2022 
---------------------------------  --------------------------  ------------------------ 
                                      Current     Non-current    Current    Non-current 
---------------------------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Opening balance of Contract 
  liabilities - Deferred revenue     5,077,086    25,563,995    5,077,086   25,563,995 
---------------------------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Less: Amount of revenue                 -             -            -            - 
  recognized against opening 
  contract liabilities 
---------------------------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Add: Transfer from current 
  to non-current liabilities        (4,474,753)    4,747,753        -            - 
---------------------------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Less: Amount written off            (329,333)         -            -            - 
  during the year 
---------------------------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Closing balance of Contract 
  liabilities - Deferred revenue         -        30,311,748    5,077,086   25,563,995 
---------------------------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  ------------ 
 

19. EMPLOYEE COST

Per the PSC, Focus is the Operator of the Block. For SGL field, ONGC has a participative interest of 30% in the development cost. Hence, the share of iServices and Newbury are proportionately reduced (i.e., 45.5% and 17.5% respectively). For the Non-SGL field, the share of iServices, Newbury and Focus are in the ratio of 65%, 25% and 10% respectively. The Employee cost attributable to Indus Gas Limited has been allocated in the agreed ratio (refer note 3) by Focus and recorded as cost of sales and administrative expenses in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income amounting to US$ 212,270 (previous year US$ 201,245) and US$ 201,627(previous year US$ 216,488) respectively. Cost pertaining to the employees of the Group have been included under administrative expense is US$ 144,856 (previous year US$ 261,045).

20. FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE (LOSS)/ GAIN, NET

The Group has recognized the following in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income on account of foreign currency fluctuations:

 
                                            31 March 2023   31 March 2022 
-----------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
  (Loss) on restatement of foreign 
   currency monetary receivables and 
   payables                                      (31,336)         (6,825) 
 
   Gain arising on settlement of foreign 
   currency transactions and restatement 
   of foreign currency balances arising 
   out of Oil block operations.                   149,402          22,147 
 Total                                            118,066          15,322 
-----------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

21. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The calculation of the basic earnings per share is based on the earnings attributable to ordinary shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares in issue during the year. Calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share is as follows:

 
                                               31 March 2023        31 March 2022 
--------------------------------------  --------------------  ------------------- 
 Profits attributable to shareholders 
  of Indus Gas Limited, for basic 
  and dilutive                                    30,879,884           35,210,184 
 
   Weighted average number of shares 
   (used for basic earnings per 
   share)                                        182,973,924          182,973,924 
 
   Diluted weighted average number 
   of shares (used for diluted 
   earnings per share)                           182,973,924          182,973,924 
 Basic earnings per share                               0.17                 0.19 
 Diluted earnings per share                             0.17                 0.19 
 
 

22. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

The related parties for each of the entities in the Group have been summarised in the table below:

 
 Nature of the relationship                     Related Party's Name 
---------------------------------------------  ---------------------------- 
 
   I. Holding Company                             Gynia Holdings Ltd. 
 
   II. Ultimate Holding Company                   Multi Asset Holdings Ltd. 
                                                  (Holding Company of Gynia 
                                                  Holdings Ltd.) 
 
   III. Enterprises over which Key                Focus Energy Limited 
   Management Personnel (KMP) exercise 
   control (with whom there are transactions) 
---------------------------------------------  ---------------------------- 
 

Disclosure of transactions between the Group and related parties and the outstanding balances as at 31 March 2023 and 31 March 2022 is as under:

Transactions with Holding Company

 
 Particulars                          31 March 2023      31 March 
                                                             2022 
-----------------------------------  --------------  ------------ 
 Transactions during the year with 
  the holding Company 
 Amount Received                          6,000,000    17,425,000 
 Amount Paid                             37,250,000    23,00,0000 
 Interest                                39,731,697    38,508,705 
 Balances at the end of the year 
 Total payable*                         633,924,200   625,442,503 
-----------------------------------  --------------  ------------ 
 *Including interest 
 

Transactions with KMP and entity over which KMP exercise control

 
 Particulars                                 31March 2023   31March 2022 
------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Transactions during the year 
 Remuneration to KMP 
 Short term employee benefits                     144,856        261,045 
 Total                                            144,856        261,045 
 
   Entity over which KMP exercise control 
 Cost incurred by Focus on behalf of the 
  Group in respect of the Block                26,812,100     19,811,879 
 Remittances to Focus                           7,472,670     15,825,880 
 Balances at the end of the year 
  Total receivables*                          107,348,170   12,04,08,124 
 Total payable *                                (333,611)      (345,105) 
------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

* Including interest

Directors' remuneration

Directors' remuneration is included under administrative expenses, evaluation and exploration assets or development assets in the consolidated financial statements allocated on a systematic and rational manner. Remuneration by director is separately disclosed in the directors' report on page 7.

23. SEGMENT REPORTING

The Chief Operating Decision Maker being the Chief Executive Officer of the Group, reviews the business as one operating segment being the extraction and production of gas . The operating segments have been aggregated due to similar economic characters and allied nature of product and services. Hence, no separate segment information has been furnished herewith.

All of the non-current assets other than financial instruments and deferred tax assets (there are no employment benefit assets and rights arising under insurance contracts) are located in India and amounted to US$ 1,223,434,478 (previous year: US$ 1,149,223,672).

Revenue from customers have been identified on the basis of the customer's geographical location and are disclosed in note 18. The total revenue from the Group is from the sale of natural gas, its by-products (i.e., condensate) to Oil and gas exploration companies. The revenue from the top three customer comprises 99.93% (Previous year: 94.02%) of the Group's total revenue.

24. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Group has no contingent liabilities as at 31 March 2023 (previous year Nil).

The Group has no commitments as at 31 March 2022 (previous year Nil).

25. ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND JUDGEMENTS

In preparing consolidated financial statements, the Group's management is required to make judgments and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The judgments and estimates are based on management's best knowledge of current events and actions and actual results from those estimates may ultimately differ.

Significant judgments applied in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements are as under:

Determination of functional currency of individual entities

Following the guidance in IAS 21 "The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates", the functional currency of each individual entity is determined to be the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates. In the management's view each of the individual entity's functional currency reflects the transactions, events and conditions under which the entity conducts its business. The management believes that US$ has been taken as the functional currency for each of the entities within the Group. US$ is the currency in which each of these entities primarily generate and expend cash and also generate funds for financing activities.

Full cost accounting for exploration and evaluation expenditure

The Group has followed 'full cost' approach for accounting for exploration and evaluation expenditure against the 'successful efforts' method. As further explained in note 6.6 , exploration and evaluation assets recorded using 'full cost' approach are tested for impairment prior to reclassification into development assets on successful discovery of gas reserves.

Impairment of tangible assets

The Group follows the guidance of IAS 36 and IFRS 6 to determine when a tangible asset is impaired. This determination requires significant judgment to evaluate indicators triggering impairment. The Group monitors internal and external indicators of impairment relating to its tangible assets. For the purpose of impairment assessment, judgements are involved in estimating the expected gas extraction from production assets, based on which, indicators are identified necessary for determining that an impairment assessment is necessary. Based on management assessment, the management has carried out impairment testing for impairment of property, plant and equipment as at 31 March 2023.

Estimates used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements:

Useful life and residual value of tangible assets

The Group reviews the estimated useful lives of property, plant and equipment at the end of each annual reporting period. Specifically, production assets are depreciated on a basis of unit of production (UOP) method which involves significant estimates in respect of the total future production and estimate of reserves. The calculation of UOP rate of depreciation could be impacted to the extent that the actual production in future is different from the forecasted production. During the financial year, the directors determined that no change to the useful lives of any of the property, plant and equipment is required. The carrying amounts of property, plant and equipment have been summarized in note 7.

Recognition of provision for decommissioning cost

As per the PSC, the Group is required to carry out certain decommissioning activities on gas wells. The ultimate decommissioning costs are uncertain and cost estimates can vary in response to many factors including changes to relevant legal requirements, the emergence of new restoration techniques or experience at other production sites. The expected timing and amount of expenditure can also change, for example, in response to changes in reserves or changes in laws and regulations or their interpretation. As a result, there could be adjustments to the provisions established which would affect future financial results. The liabilities estimated in respect of decommissioning provisions have been summarized in note 15.

Impairment testing

As explained above, management carried out impairment testing of property, plant and equipment as on 31 March 2023. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset's or cash generating unit's carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount.

To determine the recoverable amount, management estimates expected future cash flows from the Block and determines a suitable interest rate in order to calculate the present value of those cash flows. In the process of measuring expected future cash flows management makes assumptions about future gross profits. These assumptions relate to future events and circumstances. In most cases, determining the applicable discount rate involves estimating the appropriate adjustment to market risk and the appropriate adjustment to asset-specific risk factors.

The recoverable amount was determined based on value-in-use calculations; basis gas reserves confirmed by an independent competent person. The gas price has been revised to US$ 9.16 per Metric Million British Thermal Unit (MMBTU) on Gross Calorific Value (GCV) basis from 1 April 2023 to 30 April 2023 resulting in price increase of 6.88% on the existing price. The discount rate calculation is based on the Company's weighted average cost of capital adjusted to reflect pre-tax discount rate and amounts to 7% p.a.

 
  USD (In million) 
 

Sensitivity analysis has been performed by the management with respect to the assumptions as mentioned below:

 
 Particulars                                                             Carrying value of Property, Plant & Equipment 
 Reduction in projected revenue by 1% and increasing discount rate by 
  1%                                                                                                             1,868 
                                                                        ---------------------------------------------- 
 Increase in projected revenue by 1% and decreasing discount rate by 
  1%                                                                                                             1,340 
                                                                        ---------------------------------------------- 
 

Deferred tax assets

The assessment of the probability of future taxable income in which deferred tax assets can be utilized is based on the management's assessment, which is adjusted for specific limits to the use of any unused tax loss or credit. The tax rules in the jurisdictions in which the Group operates are also carefully taken into consideration. If a positive forecast of taxable income indicates the probable use of a deferred tax asset, then deferred tax asset is usually recognized in full. The recoverability of deferred tax assets is monitored as an ongoing basis based on the expected taxable income from the sale of gas.

26. BASIS OF GOING CONCERN ASSUMPTION

The Group has current liabilities amounting to US$ 35,574,432 (2021-22: US$ 179,668,503) the majority of which is towards current portion of borrowings from banks and bond and other liabilities. As at 31 March 2023, the amounts due for repayment (including interest payable) within the next 12 months for long term borrowings are US$ 28,458,200 (2021-22: US$ 172,747,343 ) which the Group expects to meet from its internal generation of cash from operations. The Group has sufficient cash flows to repay the maturing debt as the Group is financially sound . The Group has net profits after tax of US$ 30,879,443 (2021-22: US$ 35,210,183) for the year ended 31 March 2023 and net working capital of US$ 100,112,213 as at March 2023.

Further, there is no significant impact of Covid-19 on the Company's ability to continue as going concern considering that the entity is in the business of essential services.

27. CAPITAL MANAGEMENT POLICIES

The Group's objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Group's ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders and to maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital.

The Group manages the capital structure and adjusts it in the light of changes in economic conditions and the risk characteristics of the underlying assets. The Group monitors capital on the basis of the gearing ratio. This ratio is calculated as net debt divided by total capital. Debt is calculated as total liabilities (including 'current and non-current liabilities' as shown in the consolidated Statement of Financial Position). Total capital employed is calculated as 'equity' as shown in the consolidated statement of financial position plus total debt.

 
                                     31 March 2023   31 March 2022 
--------------------------------  ----------------  --------------- 
 Total debt (A)                       1,016,825,804         992,300,494 
 Total equity (B)                       343,443,324         312,563,440 
 
   Total capital employed (A+B)       1,360,269,128       1,304,863,934 
 
   Gearing ratio                            74.75 %             76.05 % 
---------------------------------  ----------------  ------------------ 
 
 

The gearing ratio has marginally decreased in the current year due to proportionately lesser increase in the draw-down of loans from related party to fund additional exploration, evaluation and development activities for the Group as compared to increase in equity.

The Group is not subject to any externally imposed capital requirements. There were no changes in the Group's approach to capital management during the year.

28. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND RISK MANAGEMENT

A summary of the Group's financial assets and liabilities by category are mentioned in the table below. The carrying amounts of the Group's financial assets and liabilities recognized at the end of the reporting period are as follows:

 
                                               31 March   31 March 2022 
                                                   2023 
-----------------------------------------  ------------  -------------- 
 Non-current assets 
 Loans 
    - Security deposits                           7,891             549 
 Current assets 
    - Trade receivables                       6,598,149      18,335,073 
    - Cash and cash equivalents              11,765,514       4,452,010 
 Total financial assets under loans 
  and receivables                            18,371,554      22,787,632 
-----------------------------------------  ------------  -------------- 
 
   Non-current liabilities 
 Financial liabilities measured at 
  amortized cost: 
    - Long term debt                        175,475,431      39,239,735 
    - Payable to related parties            633,924,200     625,442,503 
 Current liabilities 
 Financial liabilities measured at 
  amortized cost: 
 - Current portion of long-term debt         28,458,200     172,747,343 
 - Current portion of payable to related 
  parties                                       333,611         345,105 
 - Trade and other payables (other 
  than VAT payable)                           1,550,911       1,382,844 
-----------------------------------------  ------------  -------------- 
 Total financial liabilities measured 
  at amortized cost                         839,742,353     839,157,530 
-----------------------------------------  ------------  -------------- 
 

The fair value of the financial assets and liabilities described above closely approximates their carrying value on the statement of financial position date.

Risk management objectives and policies

The Group finances its operations through a mixture of loans from banks and related parties and equity. Finance requirements such as equity, debt and project finance are reviewed by the Board when funds are required for acquisition, exploration and development of projects.

The Group treasury functions are responsible for managing funding requirements and investments which includes banking and cash flow management. Interest and foreign exchange exposure are key functions of treasury management to ensure adequate liquidity at all times to meet cash requirements.

The Group's principal financial instruments are cash held with banks and financial liabilities to banks and related parties and these instruments are for the purpose of meeting its requirements for operations. The Group's main risks arising from financial instruments are foreign currency risk, liquidity risk, commodity price risk and credit risks. Set out below are policies that are used to manage such risks.

Foreign currency risk

The functional currency of each entity within the Group is US$ and the majority of its business is conducted in US$. All revenues from gas sales are received in US$ and substantial costs are incurred in US$. No forward exchange contracts were entered into during the year.

Entities within the Group conduct the majority of their transactions in their functional currency other than amounts of cash held in GBP, SGD and INR. All other monetary assets and liabilities are denominated in functional currencies of the respective entities. The currency exposure on account of assets and liabilities which are denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of the entities of the Group as at 31 March 2023 and 31 March 2022 is as follows:

 
 Particulars        Functional    Foreign currency      31 March 2023   31 March 2022 
                     currency 
-----------------  ------------  -------------------- 
                                                           (Amount in      (Amount in 
                                                                 US$)            US$) 
-----------------  ------------  --------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
                                    Great Britain 
                         US$        Pound                      87,781          29,338 
   Short term 
   exposure-             US$        Singapore Dollar            7,968          10,718 
   Cash and cash 
   equivalents           US$        Indian Rupee               27,756          27,152 
----------------- 
 Total exposure                                               123,505          67,208 
-----------------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

As at March 31, 2023 every 1% (increase)/decrease of the respective foreign currencies compared to the functional currency of the Group entities would impact profit before tax by approximately US$ (1,235) and US$ 1,1235 respectively.

Liquidity risk

Ultimate responsibility for liquidity risk management rests with the Board of Directors, which has established an appropriate liquidity risk management framework for the management of the Group's short, medium and long-term funding and liquidity management requirements. The Group manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate reserves, banking facilities and reserve borrowing facilities, by continuously monitoring forecast and actual cash flows, and by matching the maturity profiles of financial assets and liabilities.

The table below summaries the maturity profile of the Group's financial liabilities based on contractual undiscounted payments for the liquidity analysis.

 
                                     3 months       1-2 
                      0-3 months     to 1 year      years    2-5 years   5+ years      Total 
------------------  ------------  --------------  --------  -----------  ---------  ----------- 
31 March 2023 
Non-interest 
 bearing              1,884,522       -            -             -           -        1,884,522 
Variable interest 
 rate liabilities     6,587,800   17,568,000   15,866,697        -           -       40,022,497 
Fixed interest 
 rate liabilities     4,302,400       -            -        793,532,935      -      797,835,335 
 
                    12,774,722    17,568,000   15,866,697   793,532,935      -      839,742,354 
------------------  ------------  ----------  ------------  -----------  ---------  ----------- 
 
 
 
                                   3 months 
                      0-3 months   to 1 year   1-2 years    2-5 years    5+ years     Total 
------------------  ------------  -----------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -------- 
31 March 2022 
Non-interest 
 bearing              1,727,949        -           -            -         -         1,727,949 
Variable interest 
 rate liabilities     4,427,585   14,652,000   22,914,273  16,330,049     -        58,323,907 
Fixed interest 
 rate liabilities     3,599,604   150,063,567      -       625,442,503    -       779,105,674 
 
                      9,755,138   164,715,567  22,914,273  641,772,552    -       839,157,530 
------------------  ------------  -----------  ----------  -----------  ------  ------------- 
 
 

Interest rate risk

The Group's policy is to minimize interest rate risk exposures on the borrowing from the banks and the sum payable to Focus Energy Limited. Borrowing from the Gynia Holdings Ltd. is at fixed interest rate and therefore, does not expose the Group to risk from changes in interest rate. The interest rate on bond is fixed at 8% per annum. The Group is exposed to changes in market interest rates through bank borrowings at variable interest rates.

The Group's interest rate exposures are concentrated in US$.

The analysis below illustrates the sensitivity of profit and equity to a reasonably possible change in interest rates. Based on volatility in interest rates in the previous 12 months, the management estimates a range of 50 basis points to be approximate basis for the reasonably possible change in interest rates. All other variables are held constant.

 
                               Interest rate 
--------------   --------------------------- 
                                  - 0.50 per 
                 + 0.50 per cent        cent 
31 March 2023            278,772   (278,772) 
31 March 2022            339,270   (339,270) 
---------------  ---------------  ---------- 
 

Since the loans are taken for the general corporate purpose and according to the Group's policy the certain borrowing costs related to development activities are capitalized on account of general borrowings at an average rate of borrowings to the cost of the development asset.

Commodity price risks

The Group's share of production of gas from the Block is sold to GAIL. The prices have been agreed for a period of three years which expired in September 2016. As per the terms of contract, after expiry of three years' period, the price will be reviewed periodically and reassessed mutually between the parties. The Company is presently in negotiations with GAIL for increase in gas price. No commodity price hedging contracts have been entered into.

Credit risk

The Group has concentration of credit risk against the receivable balance from customers with reputable credit standing and hence the Group does not consider credit risk in respect of these to be significant. The management has evaluated the impact of expected credit loss on the receivable balance. While evaluating the same, macroeconomic factors affecting the customer's ability to settle the amount outstanding have been considered. The Group has identified gross domestic product (GDP) and unemployment rates of the countries in which the customers are domiciled to be the most relevant factors. The impact was insignificant and accordingly no adjustment has been recorded in the financial statements.

Other receivables such as security deposits and cash and cash equivalents do not comprise of a significant balance and thus do not expose the Group to a significant credit risk.

The tables below detail the credit quality of the Group's financial assets and other items, as well as the Group's maximum exposure to credit risk by credit risk rating grades.

 
                       Internal 
                         credit        12M or Lifetime       Gross carrying      Loss     Net carrying 
                         rating               ECL                 amount       allowance     amount 
--------------------  -----------  ------------------------  ---------------  ----------  ------------ 
31 March 2023 
Security deposit 
 s                     Performing         12 Month ECL                 7,891      -              7,891 
                                          Lifetime ECL 
  Trade receivables    Performing     (simplified approach)        6,598,149      -          6,598,149 
Cash and cash 
 equivalents           Performing         12 Month ECL            11,765,514      -         11,765,514 
                                                                  18,371,554      -         18,371,554 
 ------------  ------------------------                       --------------  ---------  ------------- 
 
 
 
                     Internal 
                       credit        12M or Lifetime       Gross carrying                   Net carrying 
                       rating               ECL                 amount      Loss allowance     amount 
------------------  -----------  ------------------------  ---------------  --------------  ------------ 
31 March 2022 
Security deposits    Performing         12 Month ECL                   549        -                  549 
                                        Lifetime ECL 
Trade receivables    Performing     (Simplified approach)       18,335,073        -           18,335,073 
Cash and cash 
 equivalents         Performing         12 Month ECL             4,452,010        -            4,452,010 
                                                                22,787,632        -           22,787,632 
 ------------  ------------------------                     --------------  --------------  ------------ 
 
 

An asset is performing when the counterparty has a low risk of default.

29. RECONCILIATION OF LIABILITIES FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 
                                                     Borrowings 
----------------------------------------------  --------------- 
 As at April 01, 2022                               837,429,581 
 Cash Movement: 
 Net utilisation                                   (54,992,558) 
 Other non- cash movements 
 Impact of effective interest rate adjustment           662,445 
 Impact of exchange fluctuations                              - 
 Interest accruals                                   55,091,974 
----------------------------------------------  --------------- 
 Net debts as at March 31, 2023                     838,191,442 
----------------------------------------------  --------------- 
                                                     Borrowings 
----------------------------------------------  --------------- 
 As at April 01, 2021 
  Cash Movement:                                    824,958,617 
 Net proceeds 
  Net utilisation                                  (41,461,562) 
 Other non- cash movements 
 Impact of effective interest rate adjustment           284,629 
 Impact of exchange fluctuations                              - 
 Interest accruals                                   53,647,797 
----------------------------------------------  --------------- 
 Net debts as at March 31, 2022                     837,429,581 
----------------------------------------------  --------------- 
 

30. P OST REPORTING DATE EVENT

No adjusting or significant non-adjusting event have occurred between 31(st) March 2023 and the date of authorization.

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September 29, 2023 02:00 ET (06:00 GMT)

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