Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Webis Holdings Plc LSE:WEB London Ordinary Share GB0004126271 ORD 1P
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  0.10 5.41% 1.95 1.70 2.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 07:30:03
Industry Sector Turnover (m) Profit (m) EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap (m)
Travel & Leisure 37.4 -0.7 -0.2 - 8

Webis Holdings PLC Final Results and Notice of AGM

28/11/2019 7:01am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


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RNS Number : 9177U

Webis Holdings PLC

28 November 2019

For immediate release 28 November 2019

Webis Holdings plc

("Webis" or "the Group")

Annual Report and Financial Statements for the year ended 31 May 2019

Notice of Annual General Meeting

Webis Holdings plc, the global gaming group, today announces its audited results and the publication of its 2019 Report and Accounts ("Accounts") for the year ended 31 May 2019, extracts from which are set out below.

The Accounts are being posted to shareholders today together with the Notice of Annual General Meeting, and will be available on the Group's website www.webisholdingsplc.com and at the Group's Registered Office: Viking House, Nelson Street, Douglas, Isle of Man IM1 2AH.

The AGM will be held at The Claremont Hotel, 18/19 Loch Promenade, Douglas, Isle of Man, at 11.00 a.m. on 23 December 2019.

Chairman's Statement

Introduction

It has been a mixed year for our core USA based business, WatchandWager.com LLC ("WatchandWager") over the financial year reported, with a reduction in amounts wagered, and an overall loss returned, but against that a significant strengthening of our licensed USA position in the increasingly expanded world of USA regulated gaming.

Despite the loss reported, the Board is overall satisfied with the performance over the year reported for our three core business units, namely "Business-to-Consumer", "Business-to-Business" and our racetrack operation at "Cal Expo" in Sacramento, California, and these three sectors are commented upon in more detail below.

Equally importantly, and as shareholders are aware, the company, as an Isle of Man owned operation, still occupies a unique advantage in the USA, with our array of USA licenses, banking, settlement and general business operational skills. We also consider our license and lease at the Cal Expo racetrack in Sacramento, California, to be a significant asset in regulated gaming globally, but of course mainly in the USA and California. The Company still stands well positioned in particular in California, and also other States that it is licensed and operates in.

Year End Results Review

The Group amounts wagered for the year ended 31 May 2019 was US$136.4 million (2018: US$461.2 million) - a significant decline due to the loss of a large wagering syndicate as previously reported to shareholders on 19 October 2018 and commented on below. Gross Profit reported was US$4.5 million (2018: US$5.6 million). This led to an overall loss on the year.

Operating costs were US$5.3 million: down 5% on 2019 (2018: US$5.6 million), as we continue to manage costs over the entire operation. We expect these costs to reduce in the current financial year. As a result, our loss from operations was US$930,000.

Shareholder equity stands at US$1.2 million (2018: US$2.0 million). Total cash stands at US$2.6 million (2018: US$13.4 million), which includes ring-fenced funds held as protection against our player liability as required under USA and Isle of Man gambling legislation. An amount of US$875,000 was held during the year as bonds and deposits with regulatory authorities.

Approach to Risk and Corporate Governance

As part of the adoption of the Quoted Companies Alliance Corporate Governance code, the Board completed an assessment of the risks inherent in the business and defined and adopted a statement of risk appetite, being the amount and type of risk, it is prepared to seek, accept or tolerate in pursuit of value. This being: -

"The Group's general risk appetite is a moderate, balanced one that allows it to maintain appropriate growth, profitability and scalability, whilst ensuring full regulatory compliance."

The Group's primary risk drivers include: -

Strategic

Reputational

Credit

Operational

Market

Liquidity, Capital and Funding

Regulatory and Compliance

Conduct

Our risk appetite has been classified under an "impact" matrix defined as Zero, Low, Medium and High. Appropriate steps are underway to ensure the prudential control monitoring of risks to the Group and the Audit, Risk and Compliance Committee will oversee this essential requirement. Further details of the Corporate Governance Statement will be found in the Annual Report.

The Board refined the Group's business plan which incorporated the risk and compliance framework.

Performance by Sector

WatchandWager

Business-to-Consumer

www.watchandwager.com/mobile

During the year, we reviewed this sector and whilst our platform is important to the operation, we have refined our marketing investment to more accurately target our core audience, mainly horse players and potential sports players. Whilst the website and mobile product continue to perform well, quite simply the marketing investment required to compete with the large brands in the USA is not commercially feasible. As a result, we have adjusted our strategy in this area, with a reduced marketing spend, and some reductions in data feeds and other products, that after researching our key clients do not rely upon. This streamlining of our costs has actually worked well, and player numbers during the period were up by 16%, whilst costs have reduced. This is commented upon more in post year developments.

That said, we continue to provide the best possible service to our clients in this area. We offer some unique opportunities for clients to bet especially in the very large amount of international content that we are licensed to provide, and also our competitive rewards program that we offer. We also have an excellent array of licenses in USA states we can take bets from, and we consider this critical to our future. We are confident that this service will continue to increase our client base and overall turnover, but under a reduced operational cost. We also know that our database has a value in the expanding world of USA regulated sports betting.

Business-to-Business

This sector is the provision of pari-mutuel (pool) wagering to high-roller clients, many of whom specialise in algorithmic or computer assisted trading on a wide range of global racetracks.

The amounts wagered for the full year were significantly reduced by the previously reported cessation of wagering from a large syndicate group/agent for almost the entire year reported. Subsequent to that all contractual relations with this group have been terminated by WatchandWager. This impacted turnover into primarily the Hong Kong Jockey Club and the French PMU. This had the anticipated impact previously reported of around US$800,000 in reduced gross margin during the period, which is the principal reason for the losses reported.

However, this does mean that the risk factor of a reliance on one particular group/agent is no longer. In addition, the reduction in business has in no manner impacted our world-wide licenses and content that we have worked hard upon and continue to be in good standing with. In fact, the opposite is the case with many regulators and content providers continuing to be in favour of us possessing a broader range of clients.

Our network of other players continued to grow both in terms of turnover and player sign-ups. By not paying third-party fees, we benefit from a much better margin than those through agents, and we are able to work proactively and directly with them.

That said and as previously notified, the entire sector remains volatile, being subject to changes in player or aggregator activities, as well as changes in the policies of key content providers and regulators. To that end whilst we will continue to service this sector, it is not our principal focus at this time.

Cal Expo

Cal Expo had a good racing season during the period, running 47 race meets between November 2018 and May 2019. Most importantly, our excellent health and safety record remains and, unlike other Californian tracks, with no equine fatalities relating to racing activities incurred during the meeting. Equine safety, and the safety of all our participants and customers remains of the upmost priority. These were tested during the severe wildfires experienced in Northern California during the period, and as a result we cancelled racing on two occasions to ensure the safety of all participants.

Given these circumstances, it was very encouraging that both horse numbers, and all sources handle, were up on the previous 2017/18 meeting, and this shows an encouraging trend for the new season. We were also assisted by the new International Racing Bill approved in California, which Management heavily lobbied for in Sacramento, and commenced in January 2019. As predicted, this added circa US$100,000 of extra revenue to our operations, and we expect this to continue to improve.

The Board considers our licensed operations at Cal Expo to be one of the key assets of the Group and central to our growth in the USA.

Licenses

The management team have been busy during the period reported and subsequently, renewing our key strategic licenses and we can confirm the recent renewal of our core multi-jurisdictional license for wagering with the North Dakota Racing Commission for 2020. In addition, as previously announced, we have renewed our strategically important license in California for a period of two more years (to be reheard in 2021). At the same time, we have renewed or are in the process of renewing other key licenses in New York, Kentucky, Washington, Colorado and Minnesota. We are very confident all of these licenses will be in place in advance of the start of 2020, as we are in good status with the relevant State regulators. The Board considers these licences and future applications, alongside our physical presence at Cal Expo, to be the principal assets of the Group, and this is commented more in subsequent events below.

Subsequent Events (post period reported)

Trading

Trading has been much improved in the new financial year from June 1(st) , 2019 to time of writing. We have seen growth in all three divisions we operate, and our strategy of controlling costs, particularly in the areas of data provision, marketing and some staff costs has been and will continue to be effective. As a result, we are much closer to a breakeven situation at EBITDA level which is our initial task, with the ultimate need to return to profitability. A further update will be delivered to shareholders at our 2019/20 Interim announcement which will be delivered in February 2020.

Cal Expo

As previously reported, the Board is currently working with the Board of the state-run Cal Expo Exposition of Fairs on a license renewal up to 2025, with the possibility of extending even further beyond that. This is a very significant move forward as we believe the racetrack can operate in an increasing profitable manner, but even more importantly will continue to give the Group an important licensed presence in what will become by far the largest State for sports betting and other forms of gaming in the USA.

Welfare issues

On a less positive note, many shareholders will be aware of the larger number of equine fatalities at a track in Santa Anita, California. Whilst our operations are not impacted in any way, the Board are very aware of the effect this has and can continue to have on public opinion, particularly through organizations such as PETA (Protection of Ethical Treatment for Animals). That said, we are very pleased with the swift remedial action approved by the California Horseracing Board in particular. As stated above Cal Expo maintains an excellent welfare record, and the protection of our horses and participants is our upmost priority.

USA regulated sports betting and other gaming

It is now only eighteen months since the Supreme Court's positive judgement on USA Sports betting in May 2018, and the Board is very encouraged by the significant progress that has been made in many first starter States, especially New Jersey, which is now creating significant revenues, and most importantly meaningful duties and tax back to the State. Also, encouragingly, the two best performing properties in New Jersey are both racetracks - namely Meadowlands and Monmouth Park, confirming our opinion that horseracing players will also bet on sports at far higher levels than casino or slot machine players. When sports betting is legalised in California, we plan to adopt a very similar model to that enjoyed at Meadowlands.

Developments by State

Clearly progress has been fastest on the East Coast, although we do feel we were best to stay out of these markets, where we have few licenses and less traction. That said it has been interesting to note the progress in the currently legalised states, and also the huge interest from the large USA gaming and media companies in the sector, not to mention the European operators, and software companies. This is further commented upon under strategic opportunities.

California

Our physical presence in California and accompanying licenses remains our biggest asset and opportunity, but the situation is complicated given the diverse interests in the State. We are very encouraged by progress in the State Capitol in Sacramento, located less than five miles from Cal Expo racetrack, and where the ultimate decisions will be made. We welcome the draft Dodd/Gray AB10 Bill and are actively participating in efforts to move this forward in the Capitol. Most significant is the current language that will only allow active land-based participants in California to apply for licences, namely Racetracks, Native American Casinos, and possibly Card Clubs. This effectively means the large USA and international gaming operations and software suppliers outside California will literally need to buy themselves into the State at large premiums. Whilst almost impossible to predict the progress of State legislature particularly in California, at present, we reasonably expect Sports betting to be legalized for those with a physical presence in the State by 2021, with a possible go-live date in 2022. We will update shareholders as and when more progress is made.

Other State opportunities

With California being a long-term goal, we are also focusing on other States, and additional opportunities to operate other forms of gaming, both land-based and on-line, with a view to generate short term profitability. At present, opportunities exist in North Dakota, Arizona and a few other key States, plus some international opportunities. We will update shareholders in due course.

Corporate Governance

One of the Group Board's primary responsibilities is to ensure the provision of effective corporate governance. To this end, the Board undertook a full review of every aspect of governance in light of the Quoted Companies Alliance Corporate Governance Code for Small and Mid-Size Quoted Companies (2018) and I am pleased to report that the Group is fully compliant in all aspects.

Strategic opportunities and Outlook

USA regulated gaming is seen as the hottest subject at present in global gaming, and something of a gold rush both in the USA and, indeed, internationally. Non-USA and certain European companies are experiencing severe regulatory issues, as well as margin problems, and appear almost desperate to be a part of the developments in the USA. As a result, it should come as no surprise that WatchandWager continues to be courted by large corporations, and indeed smaller operations with a view to software deals, strategic alliances, mergers or even outright acquisition opportunities. Principally led by our Managing Director, the Board assesses each opportunity on a case-by-case basis. It should be noted in the majority of instances, the Board takes the view that "they need us more than we need them" and we continue to protect our USA licensed presence as a core asset.

We are very aware of the increased consolidation in the industry and the economies of scale of strategic partnerships and will keep shareholders aware of any meaningful strategic developments with the Group, most likely in the USA, but possibly with international partnerships.

I also believe it is important to re-confirm the support of our principal shareholder for our USA operations, strategy and expansion plans. As a Board, we also believe we have the ability to raise further capital to support our operations both short term and indeed for future funding of our USA strategy.

Finally, I would like to thank all our shareholders, customers for their continued loyally, and our staff for their continued hard work.

Denham Eke

Non-executive Chairman

For further information:

   Webis Holdings plc                            Tel:         01624 639396 

Denham Eke

   Beaumont Cornish Limited             Tel:         020 7628 3396 

Roland Cornish/James Biddle

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

For the year ended 31 May 2019

 
 
                                                                        2019       2018 
                                                             Note     US$000     US$000 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Amounts wagered                                                      136,353    461,154 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
 
Turnover                                                        2     47,259     54,466 
Cost of sales                                                       (42,625)   (48,027) 
Betting duty paid                                                      (146)      (884) 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Gross profit                                                           4,488      5,555 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Operating costs                                                      (5,277)    (5,562) 
Impairment loss on trade receivables                           20       (67)          - 
Re-organisational and other costs                                       (54)       (86) 
Other (losses)/gains                                                   (166)        132 
Other income                                                             187        104 
Operating (loss)/ profits                                              (889)        143 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Finance costs                                                   4       (41)       (40) 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
(Loss)/ profit before income tax                                       (930)        103 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Income tax expense                                              6          -          - 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
(Loss)/ profit for the year                                            (930)        103 
 
  Other comprehensive income: 
Items that may be subsequently reclassified to profit 
 or loss: 
Currency translation differences on disposal of 
 foreign subsidiaries                                                      -          - 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Other comprehensive income for the year                                    -          - 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Total comprehensive income for the year                                (930)        103 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Basic earnings per share for (loss)/profit attributable 
 to the equity holders of the Company during the 
 year (cents)                                                   7     (0.24)       0.03 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
Diluted earnings per share for (loss)/profit attributable 
 to the equity holders of the Company during the 
 year (cents)                                                   7     (0.23)       0.03 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  --------- 
 
 

Statements of Financial Position

As at 31 May 2019

 
 
                                        31.05.19   31.05.19     31.05.18   31.05.18 
                                           Group    Company        Group    Company 
                                 Note     US$000     US$000       US$000     US$000 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Non-current assets 
Intangible assets                   8        104          7          166         13 
Property, equipment and motor 
 vehicles                           9         26         10           60         19 
Investments                        10          -          3            -          8 
Bonds and deposits                 11        101          -          101          - 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Total non-current assets                     231         20          327         40 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Current assets 
Bonds and deposits                 11        882          -        2,846          - 
Trade and other receivables        13      1,191        427        2,300         57 
Cash and cash equivalents          12      2,594      1,416       13,392      2,961 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Total current assets                       4,667      1,843       18,538      3,018 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Total assets                               4,898      1,863       18,865      3,058 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
 
Equity 
Called up share capital            16      6,334      6,334        6,334      6,334 
Share option reserve               16         42         42            4          4 
Retained losses                          (5,224)    (5,412)      (4,294)    (5,282) 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Total equity                               1,152        964        2,044      1,056 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Current liabilities 
Trade and other payables           14      2,896         49       16,321      1,502 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Total current liabilities                  2,896         49       16,321      1,502 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Non-current liabilities 
Loans                              15        850        850          500        500 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Total non-current liabilities                850        850          500        500 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Total liabilities                          3,746        899       16,821      2,002 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
Total equity and liabilities               4,898      1,863       18,865      3,058 
------------------------------  -----  ---------  ---------  -----------  --------- 
 

Statements of Changes in Equity

For the year ended 31 May 2019

 
                                    Called up   Share option    Retained     Total 
                                share capital        reserve    earnings    equity 
Group                                  US$000         US$000      US$000    US$000 
----------------------------  ---------------  -------------  ----------  -------- 
Balance as at 31 May 2017               6,334              2     (4,397)     1,939 
Total comprehensive income 
 for the year: 
Profit for the year                         -              -         103       103 
Transactions with owners: 
Share-based payment expense                 -              2           -         2 
Balance as at 31 May 2018               6,334              4     (4,294)     2,044 
Total comprehensive income 
 for the year: 
Loss for the year                           -              -       (930)     (930) 
Transactions with owners: 
Share-based payment expense 
 (note 16)                                  -             38           -        38 
----------------------------  ---------------  -------------  ----------  -------- 
Balance as at 31 May 2019               6,334             42     (5,224)     1,152 
----------------------------  ---------------  -------------  ----------  -------- 
 
 
                                    Called up   Share option    Retained     Total 
                                share capital        reserve    earnings    equity 
  Company                              US$000         US$000      US$000    US$000 
----------------------------  ---------------  -------------  ----------  -------- 
Balance as at 31 May 2017               6,334              2     (5,374)       962 
Total comprehensive income 
 for the year: 
Profit for the year                         -              -          92        92 
Transactions with owners: 
Share-based payment expense                 -              2           -         2 
Balance as at 31 May 2018               6,334              4     (5,282)     1,056 
Total comprehensive income 
 for the year: 
Loss for the year                           -              -       (130)     (130) 
Transactions with owners: 
Share-based payment expense 
 (note 16)                                  -             38           -        38 
----------------------------  ---------------  -------------  ----------  -------- 
Balance as at 31 May 2019               6,334             42     (5,412)       964 
----------------------------  ---------------  -------------  ----------  -------- 
 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

For the year ended 31 May 2019

 
                                                              Note       2019        2018 
                                                                       US$000      US$000 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ---------- 
Cash flows from operating activities 
(Loss) / profit before income tax                                       (930)         103 
Adjustments for: 
 
  *    Depreciation of property, equipment and motor 
       vehicles                                                  9         34        74 
 
  *    Amortisation of intangible assets                         8         80        70 
 
  *    Finance costs                                             4         41        40 
 
  *    Share based payment expense                              16         38         2 
 
  *    Other foreign exchange movements                                   363     (691) 
Changes in working capital: 
 
  *    Decrease in receivables                                          1,109       771 
 
  *    Decrease in payables                                          (13,425)   (2,563) 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  -------- 
Cash flows from operations                                           (12,690)   (2,194) 
Bonds and deposits placed in the course of operations           11      1,964        19 
Net cash used in operating activities                                (10,726)   (2,175) 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  -------- 
Cash flows from investing activities 
Purchase of intangible assets                                    8       (18)       (130) 
Purchase of property, equipment and motor vehicles               9          -        (24) 
Net cash used in investing activities                                    (18)       (154) 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ---------- 
Cash flows from financing activities 
Interest paid                                                    4       (41)        (40) 
Loans received                                                  15        350         - 
Net cash generated from / (used in) financing activities                  309      (40) 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  -------- 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents                            (10,435)   (2,369) 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year                         13,392      15,072 
Exchange (losses) / gains on cash and cash equivalents                  (363)       689 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  -------- 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year                                2,594    13,392 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  -------- 
 
 

Notes to the Financial Statements

For the year ended 31 May 2019

   1    Reporting entity (the "Company") 

Webis Holdings plc is a company domiciled in the Isle of Man. The address of the Company's registered office is Viking House, Nelson Street, Douglas, Isle of Man, IM1 2AH. The Webis Holdings plc consolidated financial statements as at and for the year ended 31 May 2019 consolidate those of the Company and its subsidiaries (together referred to as the "Group").

1.1 Basis of preparation

(a) Statement of compliance

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") and its interpretations as adopted by the European Union.

There has been no material impact on the Group financial statements of new standards/interpretations that have come into effect during the current reporting period.

Functional and presentational currency

These financial statements are presented in US Dollars which is the Group's primary functional currency and its presentational currency. Financial information presented in US Dollars has been rounded to the nearest thousand. All continued operations of the Group have US Dollars as their functional currency.

(b) Basis of measurement

The Group consolidated financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention except where assets and liabilities are required to be stated at their fair value.

(c) Use of estimates and judgement

The preparation of the Group financial statements in conformity with IFRS as adopted by the EU requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenses. Although these estimates are based on management's best knowledge and experience of current events and expected economic conditions, actual results may differ from these estimates.

The Directors consider the only critical judgement area to be the valuation of share options. The Directors believe the models and assumptions used to calculate the fair value of the share-based payments, outlined in note 16, are the most appropriate for the Group.

The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to all periods presented in these consolidated financial statements.

Going concern

The Group and Parent Company financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis.

The Group incurred a net loss of US$930,000 for the year (2018: profit of US$103,000) and as at 31 May 2019. Based on forecasts prepared by the Directors, the Group will sustain losses to November 2020 and is dependent on continued financial support from Galloway Limited in order to continue its operations and implement the strategies outlined below. The reported turnover declined by US$7,207,000 during the year following a decrease in wagering activities and the cessation of wagering services to a large syndicate, with an anticipated annual impact of approximately US$800,000 in reduced gross margin. The Directors recognise that there is a risk involved in the sustainability of the business operations and have identified that these circumstances in combination represent a material uncertainty that casts significant doubt upon the Group's ability to continue as a going concern, without shareholder support.

The Directors are pursuing strategies that include:

   --      broadening the Group's client base and expanding its business to customer base 

-- continuing to renew and acquire further US state regulated gaming licenses and continuing to develop and expand the Cal Expo racetrack operation including the extension of the lease to a longer lease term

-- taking advantage of the anticipated regulatory change in the State of California's adoption of sports betting legislation which will further open up opportunities for the Group

-- reducing operational costs as a key priority for the Group in achieving its goal of profitability and maintaining adequate liquidity in order to continue its operations.

The Directors continue to assess all strategic options in this regard, albeit that the ultimate success of strategies adopted is difficult to predict as they require additional cash, including bonds to be placed with the relevant authorities. The Directors have prepared cash flow forecasts for a period of 12 months from the date of approval of these financial statements which indicate that, taking account of reasonably possible downsides, the Group is projected to have sufficient funds through funding from its related entity, to meet its liabilities as they fall due for that period.

Those forecasts are also dependent on Galloway Limited not seeking repayment of the amounts currently due by the Group, which at 31 May 2019 amounted to US$850,000, and providing additional financial support if required in order to ensure the continuation of the Group's existing operations. Galloway Limited has indicated its intention to continue to make available such funds as are needed by the company, and that it does not intend to seek repayment of the amounts due at the balance sheet date, for the period covered by the forecasts. As with any company placing reliance on other parties for financial support, the Directors acknowledge that there can be no certainty that this support will continue although, at the date of approval of these financial statements, they have no reason to believe that it will not do so.

The willingness of Galloway Limited to continue to provide this support is reliant on the strategies highlighted above which are subject to uncertainty.

Based on these indications, the Directors believe that it remains appropriate to prepare the financial statements on a going concern basis. However, these circumstances represent a material uncertainty that may cast significant doubt on the Company's ability to continue as a going concern and, therefore, to continue realising its assets and discharging its liabilities in the normal course of business. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that would result from the basis of preparation being inappropriate.

1.2 Changes in significant accounting policies

During the current year the Group adopted all the new and revised IFRSs that are relevant to its operation and are effective for accounting periods beginning on 1 June 2019. This adoption did not have a material effect on the accounting policies of the Group. The changes to the significant accounting policies are described below:

IFRS 9 Transition

Classification and measurement on adoption

The Group adopted IFRS 9 Financial Instruments for the first time on 1 June 2018. For the Group, there is no financial impact on adopting IFRS 9 for changes in the measurement basis for financial assets and liabilities and consequently no adjustment to opening retained earnings at 1 June 2018. There has however been a change to classification terminology, outlined below for the company's main financial instruments:

 
    Financial instrument           New Classification      Original Classification      Measurement model 
                                    under IFRS 9            under IAS 39 
    Cash and cash equivalents      Amortised cost          Loans and receivables        Amortised cost 
                               ----------------------  ---------------------------  --------------------- 
    Trade receivables              Amortised cost          Loans and receivables        Amortised cost 
                               ----------------------  ---------------------------  --------------------- 
    Loans and advances             Amortised cost          Loans and receivables        Amortised cost 
                               ----------------------  ---------------------------  --------------------- 
    Bonds and Deposits             Amortised cost          Loans and receivables/       Amortised cost 
                                                            Loans and receivables 
                               ----------------------  ---------------------------  --------------------- 
    Equity instruments             FV on day 1,            FV on day 1, no              FVTPL 
                                    no remeasurements       remeasurements 
                               ----------------------  ---------------------------  --------------------- 
 

Impairment on adoption

The Group has determined that the impact of adopting IFRS 9's ECL model is an immaterial transitional impact on the Group's opening retained earnings at 1 June 2018. The accounting policies set out above have been applied consistently to all periods presented in these financial statements in accordance with IFRS.

Impairment of financial assets

IFRS 9 introduces an expected loss accounting model for credit losses that differs significantly from the incurred loss model under IAS 39 and results in earlier recognition of credit losses. The new impairment model applies to financial assets measured at amortised cost and contract assets. Financial assets at amortised cost include trade receivables, cash and cash equivalents, bonds and deposits.

Performing financial assets

Stage 1

From initial recognition of a financial asset to the date on which an asset has experienced a significant increase in credit risk relative to its initial recognition, a stage 1 loss allowance is recognised equal to the credit losses expected to result from its default occurring over the earlier of the next 12 months or its maturity date ('12-month ECL').

Stage 2

Following a significant increase in credit risk relative to the initial recognition of the financial asset, a stage 2 loss allowance is recognised equal to the credit losses expected from all possible default events over the remaining lifetime of the asset ('Lifetime ECL'). The assessment of whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk requires considerable judgment, based on the lifetime probability of default ('PD'). Stage 1 and 2 allowances are held against performing loans; the main difference between stage 1 and stage 2 allowances is the time horizon. Stage 1 allowances are estimated using the PD with a maximum period of 12 months, while stage 2 allowances are estimated using the PD over the remaining lifetime of the asset.

Impaired financial assets

Stage 3

When a financial asset is considered to be credit-impaired, the allowance for credit losses ('ACL') continues to represent lifetime expected credit losses, however, interest income is calculated based on the amortised cost of the asset, net of the loss allowance, rather than its gross carrying amount.

Application of the new impairment model

The Group applies IFRS 9's new ECL model to two main types of financial assets that are measured at amortised cost:

Trade receivables, to which the simplified approach (provision matrix) prescribed by IFRS 9 is applied. This approach requires the recognition of a Lifetime ECL allowance on day one.

Other financial assets at amortised cost, to which the general three stage model (described above) is applied, whereby a 12-month ECL is recognised initially and the balance is monitored for significant increases in credit risk which triggers the recognition of a Lifetime ECL allowance.

CLs are a probability-weighted estimate of credit losses. ECLs for financial assets that are not credit-impaired at the reporting date are measured as the present value of all cash shortfalls (i.e. the difference between the cash flows due in accordance with the contract and the cash flows that the company expects to receive). ECLs for financial assets that are credit-impaired at the reporting date are measured as the difference between the gross carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows. ECLs are discounted at the effective interest rate of the financial asset which is 0% for all financial assets at amortised cost. The maximum period considered when estimating ECLs is the maximum contractual period over which the Group is exposed to credit risk. The measurement of ECLs considers information about past events and current conditions, as well as supportable information about future events and economic conditions. The Group has revised its impairment methodology for estimating the ECLs, taking into account forward-looking information in determining the appropriate level of allowance. In addition, it has identified indicators and set up procedures for monitoring for significant increases in credit risk.

As a result of the adoption of IFRS 9, the Group has adopted the consequential amendments to IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements, which requires impairment of financial assets to be presented in a separate line item in the Statement of Comprehensive Income. Previously, the Group's approach was to include impairment of trade receivables in operating costs. There were no impairment losses recorded that required reclassification in the Statement of Comprehensive Income for the year ended 31 May 2018.

IFRS 15 Transition - Revenue from contracts with customers

The Group generates revenue primarily from the provision of wagering services and the hosting of races on which guests are entitled to participate in the related wagering services. Revenue is measured based on the consideration specified in a contract with a customer. The Group recognises revenue when it discharges services to a customer. Revenue has been disaggregated by geographical locations which are consistent with the operating segments (note 2).

Hosting fees are recognised when the customers participate in the Group's pari-mutuel pools and the race audio visual signals are transmitted.

Wagering revenue from the Group's activities as the race host is recognised when a race on which wagers are placed is completed. The wagering commission from the Group's commingling of its wagering pools with a host's pool is recognised when the race on which those wagers are placed is completed. The Group acts as a principal when it allows customers to place wagers in the races it hosts and as an agent when it allows customers to place wagers in other entities' races.

Transactions fees are recognised when the Group facilitates customers' deposit transactions into their betting accounts.

There were no restatements in the retained earnings on adoption of IFRS 15 as the resultant amounts, timing and pattern of recognition of revenue did not change.

1.3 Summary of significant accounting policies

The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these consolidated financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented unless otherwise stated.

Basis of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements incorporate the results of the Group. Subsidiaries are consolidated from the date of acquisition, being the date on which the Group obtains control, and continue until the date that such control ceases. Control exists when the Group has the power, directly or indirectly, to govern the financial and operating policies of an entity so as to obtain benefits from its activities.

The Group applies the acquisition method to account for business combinations. The consideration transferred for the acquisition of a subsidiary is the fair values of the assets transferred, the liabilities incurred to the former owners of the acquiree and the equity interests issued by the Group. The consideration transferred includes the fair value of any asset or liability resulting from a contingent consideration arrangement. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.

Inter-company transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between the Group companies are eliminated. Unrealised losses are also eliminated. When necessary amounts reported by subsidiaries have been adjusted to conform with the Group's accounting policies.

Foreign currency translation

(a) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group's entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates ('the functional currency'). The consolidated financial statements are presented in US Dollars, which is also the Group's functional currency.

(b) Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions or valuation where items are remeasured. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of

such transactions and from the translation at year-end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the income statement, except when deferred in other comprehensive income as qualifying cash

flow hedges and qualifying net investment hedges. Foreign exchange gains and losses that relate to borrowings are presented in the income statement within 'Finance income' or 'Finance costs'. All other foreign exchange gains and losses are presented in the income statement within 'Other (losses)/gains'.

(c) Group companies

The results and financial position of all the Group entities (none of which has the currency of a hyper-inflationary economy) that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency are translated into the presentation currency as follows:

(i) assets and liabilities for each balance sheet presented are translated at the closing rate at the date of that balance sheet;

(ii) income and expenses for each income statement are translated at average exchange rates (unless this average is not a reasonable approximation of the cumulative effect of the rates prevailing on the transaction dates, in which case income and expenses are translated at the rate on the dates of the transactions); and

(iii) all resulting exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income.

Goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on the acquisition of a foreign entity are treated as assets and liabilities of the foreign entity and translated at the closing rate. Exchange differences arising are recognised in other comprehensive income.

Segmental reporting

Segmental reporting is based on the business areas in accordance with the Group's internal reporting structure, which allows the individual operating segments to be identified by the disparate nature of the principal activity they undertake. The Group determines and presents segments based on the information that internally is provided to the Board and Managing Director, the Group's chief operating decision maker.

An operating segment is a component of the Group and engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses. An operating segment's operating results are reviewed regularly by the Board and Managing Director to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance, and for which discrete financial information is available.

Current and deferred income tax

The tax expense for the period comprises current and deferred tax. Tax is recognised in the income statement, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date in the countries where the Group operates and generates taxable income. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

Deferred income tax is recognised on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the consolidated financial statements. However, deferred tax liabilities are not recognised if they arise from

the initial recognition of goodwill; deferred tax is not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss. Deferred tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the reporting date and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realised or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

Deferred income tax assets are recognised only to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the temporary differences can be utilised.

Deferred income tax liabilities are provided on taxable temporary differences arising from investments in subsidiaries except for deferred income tax liability, where the timing of the reversal of the temporary difference is controlled by the Group and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future. Only where there is an agreement in place that gives the Group the ability to control the reversal of the temporary difference is the liability not recognised.

Deferred income tax assets are recognised on deductible temporary differences arising from investments in subsidiaries only to the extent that it is probable the temporary difference will reverse in the future and there is sufficient taxable profit available against which the temporary difference can be utilised.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets against current tax liabilities and when the deferred income taxes, assets and liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority on either the same taxable entity or different taxable entities where there is an intention to settle the balances on a net basis.

Intangible assets - goodwill

Goodwill arises on the acquisition of subsidiaries and represents the excess of the consideration transferred over the Group's interest in net fair value of the net identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of the acquiree and the fair value of the non-controlling interest in the acquiree.

For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated to each of the cash-generating units ("CGUs"), or groups of CGUs, that is expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination. Each unit or group of units to which the goodwill is allocated represents the lowest level within the entity at which the goodwill is monitored for internal management purposes. Goodwill is monitored at the operating segment level.

Goodwill impairment reviews are undertaken annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate a potential impairment. The carrying value of goodwill is compared to the recoverable amount, which is the higher of value in use and the fair value less costs of disposal. Any impairment is recognised immediately as an expense and is not subsequently reversed.

Intangible assets - other

(a) Trademarks and licences

Separately acquired trademarks and licences are shown at historical cost. Trademarks and licences acquired in a business combination are recognised at fair value at the acquisition date. Trademarks and licences have a finite useful life and are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation. Amortisation is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate the cost of trademarks and licences over their estimated useful lives of three years.

Acquired computer software licences are capitalised on the basis of the costs incurred to acquire and bring to use the specific software. These costs are amortised over their estimated useful lives of three years.

(b) Website design and development costs

Costs associated with maintaining websites are recognised as an expense as incurred. Development costs that are directly attributable to the design and testing of identifiable and unique websites controlled by the Group are recognised as intangible assets when the following criteria are met:

-- it is technically feasible to complete the website so that it will be available for use;

   --           management intends to complete the website and use it; 
   --           there is an ability to use the website; 

-- it can be demonstrated how the website will generate probable future economic benefits;

-- adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use the website are available; and

-- the expenditure attributable to the website during its development can be reliably measured.

Directly attributable costs that are capitalised as part of the website include the website employee costs and an appropriate portion of relevant overheads.

Other development expenditures that do not meet these criteria are recognised as an expense as incurred. Development costs previously recognised as an expense are not recognised as an asset in a subsequent period.

Website development costs recognised as assets are amortised over their estimated useful lives, which do not exceed three years.

Property, equipment and motor vehicles

Items of property, equipment and motor vehicles are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation (see below) and impairment losses. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset's carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of the replaced part is derecognised. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to the income statement during the financial period in which they are incurred.

The assets' residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at the financial position date. An asset's carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset's carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate the cost of property, equipment and motor vehicles over their estimated useful lives of three years.

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing the proceeds with the carrying amount and are recognised within 'Other gains/(losses) - net' in the income statement.

Share-based payment expense

The Group operates an equity-settled, share-based compensation plan, under which the entity receives services from employees as consideration for equity instruments (options) of the Group. The fair value of the employee services received in exchange for the grant of the options is recognised as an expense. The total amount to be expensed is determined by reference to the fair value of the options granted:

-- including any market performance conditions (for example, an entity's share price); and

-- excluding the impact of any service and non-market performance vesting conditions (for example, profitability, sales growth targets and remaining an employee of the entity over a specified time-period).

Non-market performance and service conditions are included in assumptions about the number of options that are expected to vest. The total expense is recognised over the vesting period, which is the period over which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied.

At the end of each reporting period, the Group revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to vest based on the non-market vesting conditions. It recognises the impact of the revision to original estimates, if any, in the income statement, with a corresponding adjustment to equity.

When the options are exercised, the Company issues new shares. The proceeds received net of any directly attributable transaction costs are credited to share capital (nominal value) and share premium.

Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to the income statement on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease. The Group is not party to any leases that are classified as finance leases.

Equity

Share capital is determined using the nominal value of shares that have been issued.

Equity settled share-based employee remuneration is credited to the share option reserve until related stock options are exercised. On exercise or lapse, amounts recognised in the share option reserve are taken to retained earnings.

Retained earnings include all current and prior period results as determined in the income statement and any other gains or losses recognised in the Statement of Changes in Equity.

Financial instruments

Non-derivative financial instruments include trade and other receivables, cash and cash equivalents, bonds and deposits, borrowings and trade and other payables. Ante-post sports bets are recognised when the Company becomes party to the contractual agreements of the instrument.

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised on the Group's balance sheet when the Group becomes party to the contractual terms of the instrument. Transaction costs are included in the initial measurement of financial instruments, except financial instruments classified as at fair value through profit and loss. The subsequent measurement of financial instruments is dealt with below.

Trade and other receivables

Trade and other receivables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents are defined as cash in bank and in hand as well as bank deposits, money held for processors and cash balances held on behalf of players. Cash equivalents are held for the purpose of meeting short-term cash commitments rather than for investment or other purposes.

Bonds and deposits

Bonds and deposits are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.

Borrowings

Interest-bearing borrowings and overdrafts are recorded at the proceeds received net of direct issue costs. Finance charges, including premiums payable on settlement or redemption and direct issue costs are charged on an accrual basis using the effective interest method and are added to the carrying amount of the instrument to the extent they are not settled in the period in which they arise.

Trade and other payables

Trade payables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

Employee benefits

(a) Pension obligations

The Group does not operate any post-employment schemes, including both defined benefit and defined contribution pension plans.

(b) Short-term employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits, such as salaries, paid absences, and other benefits, are accounted for on an accrual's basis over the period in which employees have provided services in the year. All expenses related to employee benefits are recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income in operating costs.

(c) Profit sharing and bonus plans

The Group recognises a liability and an expense for bonuses and profit sharing, based on a formula that takes into consideration the profit attributable to the Company's shareholders after certain adjustments. The Group recognises a provision where contractually obliged or where there is a past practice that has created a constructive obligation.

Standards and interpretations in issue not yet adopted

A number of new standards, amendments to standards and interpretations are not yet effective for the year, and have not been applied in preparing these consolidated financial statements:

 
 New/revised International Accounting Standards / International      Effective date 
  Financial Reporting Standards ("IAS/IFRS")                       (accounting periods 
                                                                      commencing on 
                                                                        or after) 
---------------------------------------------------------------  --------------------- 
 IFRS 16 Leases                                                      1 January 2019 
 
 Amendments 
 Amendments to reference to Conceptual Framework in                  1 January 2020 
  IFRS Standards 
 Annual improvements to IFRS Standards 2015-2017 Cycle              Not yet endorsed 
  (issued on 12 December 2017) 
 Amendments to IFRS 9 Financial Instruments: Prepayment             Not yet endorsed 
  Features with Negative Compensation (issued on 12 October 
  2017) 
---------------------------------------------------------------  --------------------- 
 

IFRS 16 provides a single lessee accounting model, requiring lessees to recognise assets and liabilities for all leases unless the lease term is less than 12 months, or the underlying asset is of an immaterial value.

The Group's assessment of the potential impact resulting from the implementation of IFRS 16 is currently in progress. The actual impact of adopting the standard on 1 June 2019 will be known when the Group presents its first financial statements after the date of initial application.

   2    Operating Segments 
   A.    Basis for segmentation 

The Group has the below two operating segments, which are its reportable segments. The segments offer different services in relation to various forms of pari-mutuel racing, which are managed separately due to the nature of their activities.

Reportable segments and operations provided

Racetrack operations - hosting of races through the management and operation of a racetrack facility, enabling patrons to attend and wager on horse racing, as well as utilise simulcast facilities.

ADW operations - provision of online ADW services to enable customers to wager into global racetrack betting pools.

The Group's Board of Directors review the internal management reports of the operating segment on a monthly basis.

   B.    Information about reportable segments 

Information relating to the reportable segments is set out below. Segment revenue along with segment profit / (loss) before tax are used to measure performance as management considers this information to be a relevant indicator for evaluating the performance of the segments.

 
                                                  Reportable segments 
                                                                       All other 
                                                  Racetrack       ADW   segments    Total 
                                                       2019      2019       2019     2019 
                                                     US$000    US$000     US$000   US$000 
----------------------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
External revenues                                    44,753     2,506          -   47,259 
Segment revenue                                      44,753     2,506          -   47,259 
----------------------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Segment loss before tax                                (97)     (708)      (125)    (930) 
Interest expense                                          -         -       (41)     (41) 
Depreciation and amortisation                           (8)     (106)          -    (114) 
Other material non-cash items: 
 
  *    Impairment losses on trade receivables             -      (67)          -     (67) 
----------------------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Segment assets                                          423     2,612      1,863    4,898 
----------------------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Segment liabilities                                     181     2,666        899    3,746 
----------------------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
 
 
                                     Reportable segments 
                                                          All other 
                                     Racetrack       ADW   segments    Total 
                                          2018      2018       2018     2018 
                                        US$000    US$000     US$000   US$000 
---------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
External revenues                       50,173     4,293          -   54,466 
Segment revenue                         50,173     4,293          -   54,466 
---------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Segment (loss)/profit before tax         (359)       477       (15)      103 
Interest expense                             -         -       (40)     (40) 
Depreciation and amortisation             (41)     (103)          -    (144) 
---------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Segment assets                             327    15,480      3,058   18,865 
---------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Segment liabilities                        191    14,628      2,002   16,821 
---------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------  ------- 
 

C. Reconciliations of information on reportable segments to the amounts reported in the financial statements

 
                                                              2019     2018 
                                                            US$000   US$000 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
i. Revenues 
Total revenue for reportable segments                       47,259   54,466 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Consolidated revenue                                        47,259   54,466 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
ii. (Loss) / profit before tax 
Total (loss) / profit before tax for reportable segments     (805)      118 
Loss before tax for other segments                           (125)     (15) 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Consolidated (loss) / profit before tax                      (930)      103 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
iii. Assets 
Total assets for reportable segments                         3,035   15,807 
Assets for other segments                                    1,863    3,058 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Consolidated total assets                                    4,898   18,865 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
iv. Liabilities 
Total liabilities for reportable segments                    2,847   14,819 
Liabilities for other segments                                 899    2,002 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Consolidated total liabilities                               3,746   16,821 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
v. Other material items 
Interest expense                                              (41)     (40) 
Depreciation and amortisation                                (114)    (144) 
Impairment losses on trade receivables                        (67)        - 
---------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 
   D.    Geographic information 

The below table analyses the geographic location of the customer base of the operating segments.

 
                                          2019     2018 
                                        US$000   US$000 
---------------------  --------------  -------  ------- 
Turnover 
Racetrack operations    North America   44,753   50,173 
ADW operations          North America    1,541    1,323 
                              British 
                                Isles      692       23 
                         Asia Pacific      273    2,947 
                                        47,259   54,466 
 ------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 
   3    Operating (loss)/profit 
 
                                                            2019     2018 
Operating (loss)/profit is stated after charging:         US$000   US$000 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Auditors' remuneration - audit                                81       64 
Depreciation of property, equipment and motor vehicles        34       74 
Amortisation of intangible assets                             80       70 
Exchange losses / (gains)                                    166    (132) 
Operating lease rentals - other than plant, equipment 
 and Harness Racetrack                                        30       29 
Operating lease rentals - Harness Racetrack                   74       89 
Directors' fees                                               67       69 
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 
   4    Finance costs 
 
                           2019     2018 
                         US$000   US$000 
----------------------  -------  ------- 
Loan interest payable      (41)     (40) 
----------------------  -------  ------- 
Finance costs              (41)     (40) 
----------------------  -------  ------- 
 
   5    Staff numbers and cost 
 
 
                                                          2019    2018 
--------------------------------------------------------  ----  ------ 
Average number of employees - Pari-mutuel and Racetrack 
 Operations                                                 55      59 
--------------------------------------------------------  ----  ------ 
 
 
The aggregate payroll costs of these persons were as 
 follows: 
                                                          2019      2018 
 Pari-mutuel and Racetrack Operations                   US$000    US$000 
-----------------------------------------------------  -------  -------- 
Wages and salaries                                       1,711     1,866 
Social security costs                                      121       132 
                                                         1,832     1,998 
-----------------------------------------------------  -------  -------- 
 
   6    Income tax expense 
   (a)   Current and Deferred Tax Expenses 

The current and deferred tax expenses for the year were US$Nil (2018: US$Nil). Despite having made losses, no deferred tax was recognised as there is no reasonable expectation that the Group will recover the resultant deferred tax assets.

   (b)   Tax Rate Reconciliation 
 
                                                 2019     2018 
                                               US$000   US$000 
--------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
(Loss)/profit before tax                        (930)        103 
Tax charge at IOM standard rate (0%)                -        - 
Adjusted for: 
Tax credit for US tax losses (at 15%)           (166)     (97) 
Add back deferred tax losses not recognised       166       97 
--------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Tax charge for the year                             -        - 
--------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

The maximum deferred tax asset that could be recognised at year end is approximately US$810,000 (2018: US$644,000). The Group has not recognised any asset as it is not reasonably known when the Group will recover such deferred tax assets.

   7    Earnings per ordinary share 

The calculation of the basic earnings per share is based on the earnings attributable to ordinary shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares in issue during the year.

The calculation of diluted earnings per share is based on the basic earnings per share, adjusted to allow for the issue of shares, on the assumed conversion of all dilutive share options.

An adjustment for the dilutive effect of share options in the current period has not been reflected in the calculation of the diluted loss per share, as the effect would have been anti-dilutive.

 
                                                              2019           2018 
                                                            US$000         US$000 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
(Loss)/profit for the year                                   (930)          103 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
                                                               No.            No. 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue    393,338,310    393,338,310 
Dilutive element of share options if exercised (note 
 16)                                                    14,000,000     14,000,000 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Diluted number of ordinary shares                      407,338,310    407,338,310 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Basic earnings per share (cents)                            (0.24)         0.03 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
Diluted earnings per share (cents)                          (0.23)         0.03 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 
 

The earnings applied are the same for both basic and diluted earnings calculations per share as there are no dilutive effects to be applied.

   8    Intangible assets 
 
                                                      Software & development              Total 
                                          Goodwill             costs 
---------------------------------  ---------------  -------------------------  ---------------------------- 
                                             Group         Group      Company     Group           Company 
                                            US$000        US$000       US$000    US$000            US$000 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
Cost 
Balance at 1 June 2017                         177         1,354           50     1,531                50 
Additions during the year                        -           130           14       130                14 
Currency translation differences                 -             1            -         1                 - 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
Balance at 31 May 2018                         177         1,485           64     1,662                64 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
Balance at 1 June 2018                         177         1,485           64     1,662                64 
Additions during the year                        -            18            -        18                 - 
Balance at 31 May 2019                         177         1,503           64     1,680                64 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
Amortisation and Impairment 
Balance at 1 June 2017                         177         1,249           50     1,426                50 
Amortisation for the year                        -            70            1        70                 1 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
Balance at 31 May 2018                         177         1,319           51     1,496                51 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
Balance at 1 June 2018                         177         1,319           51     1,496                51 
Amortisation for the year                        -            80            6        80                 6 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
Balance at 31 May 2019                         177         1,399           57     1,576                57 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
Carrying amounts 
At 1 June 2017                                   -           105            -       105                 - 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
At 31 May 2018                                   -           166           13       166                13 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
At 31 May 2019                                   -           104            7       104                 7 
---------------------------------  ---------------  ------------  -----------  --------  ---------------- 
 
 

The goodwill balance brought forward relates to the historical acquisition of subsidiary businesses. The goodwill balances were fully impaired during the year ended 31 May 2015. The Group tests intangible assets annually for impairment or more frequently if there are indications that the intangible assets may be impaired (see note 1).

   9    Property, equipment and motor vehicles 
 
                                                Fixtures, 
                                                 Fittings 
                                     Computer     & Track 
                                    Equipment   Equipment  Motor Vehicles    Total 
Group                                  US$000      US$000          US$000   US$000 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Cost 
Balance at 1 June 2017                    579         580              51    1,210 
Additions during the year                  24           -               -       24 
Currency translation differences            1           -               -        1 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Balance at 31 May 2018                    604         580              51    1,235 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Balance at 1 June 2018                    604         580              51    1,235 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Balance at 31 May 2019                    604         580              51    1,235 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Depreciation 
Balance at 1 June 2017                    546         525              30    1,101 
Charge for the year                        21          45               8       74 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Balance at 31 May 2018                    567         570              38    1,175 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Balance at 1 June 2018                    567         570              38    1,175 
Charge for the year                        19           7               8       34 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Balance at 31 May 2019                    586         577              46    1,209 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
Carrying amounts 
At 1 June 2017                             33          55              21      109 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
At 31 May 2018                             37          10              13       60 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
At 31 May 2019                             18           3               5       26 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ------- 
 
 
                                      Fixtures 
                           Computer          & 
                          Equipment   Fittings    Total 
Company                      US$000     US$000   US$000 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Cost 
Balance at 1 June 2017          419        139      558 
Additions                        10          -       10 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Balance at 31 May 2018          429        139      568 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Balance at 1 June 2018          429        139      568 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Balance at 31 May 2019          429        139      568 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
                                      Fixtures 
                           Computer          & 
                          Equipment   Fittings    Total 
  Company                    US$000     US$000   US$000 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Depreciation 
Balance at 1 June 2017          403        139      542 
Charge for the year               7          -        7 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Balance at 31 May 2018          410        139      549 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Balance at 1 June 2018          410        139      549 
Charge for the year               9          -        9 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Balance at 31 May 2019          419        139      558 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
Carrying amounts 
At 1 June 2017                   16          -       16 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
At 31 May 2018                   19          -       19 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
At 31 May 2019                   10          -       10 
-----------------------  ----------  ---------  ------- 
 

10 Investments

Investments in subsidiaries are held at cost. Details of investments at 31 May 2019 are as follows:

 
                                                                                       Holding 
Subsidiaries                   Country of incorporation   Activity                         (%) 
-----------------------------  -------------------------  ---------------------------  ------- 
                                                          Operation of interactive 
                                                           wagering 
WatchandWager.com Limited      Isle of Man                 totaliser hub                   100 
                                                          Operation of interactive 
                                                           wagering 
                               United States               totaliser hub and harness 
WatchandWager.com LLC           of America                 racetrack                       100 
Technical Facilities & 
 Services Limited              Isle of Man                Dormant                          100 
betinternet.com (IOM) 
 Limited                       Isle of Man                Dormant                          100 
B.E. Global Services Limited   Isle of Man                Dormant                          100 
 
 

11 Bonds and deposits

 
                                         Group               Company 
                                       2019      2018      2019       2018 
                                     US$000    US$000    US$000     US$000 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------- 
Bonds and deposits which expire 
 within one year                        882     2,846         -          - 
Bonds and deposits which expire 
 within one to two years                  -         -         -          - 
Bonds and deposits which expire 
 within two to five years               101       101         -          - 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------- 
                                        983     2,947         -          - 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------- 
 
 

Cash bonds of US$875,000 have been paid as security deposits in relation to various US State ADW licences (2018: US$925,000). These cash bonds are held in trust accounts used exclusively for cash collateral, with financial institutions which have been screened for their financial strength and capitalization ratio. The financial institutions have a credit rating of A- Excellent from AM Best credit rating agency. Therefore, these bonds are considered to be fully recoverable. A rent deposit of US$100,000 is held by California Exposition & State Fair and is for a term of 5 years (2018: US$100,000). This is held by an entity of the Californian state government and is therefore considered fully recoverable. Rent and other security deposits total US$8,227 (2018: US$10,123). These deposits are repayable upon completion of the relevant lease term, under the terms of legally binding agreements.

Under the terms of the licencing agreement with the Hong Kong Jockey Club the Company is no longer required to hold a retention amount (2018: US$1,911,461 / HK$15,000,000).

12 Cash and cash equivalents

 
                                              Group              Company 
                                            2019      2018      2019        2018 
                                          US$000    US$000    US$000      US$000 
--------------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
Cash and cash equivalents - company 
 and other funds                           1,363    11,962       185       1,531 
Cash and cash equivalents - protected 
 player funds                              1,231     1,430     1,231       1,430 
--------------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
Total cash and cash equivalents            2,594    13,392     1,416       2,961 
--------------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
 
 

The Group holds funds for operational requirements and for its non-Isle of Man customers, shown as 'company and other funds' and on behalf of its Isle of Man regulated customers, shown as 'protected player funds'.

Protected player funds are held in fully protected client accounts within an Isle of Man regulated bank.

13 Trade and other receivables

 
                                             Group              Company 
                                           2019      2018      2019      2018 
                                         US$000    US$000    US$000    US$000 
------------------------------------   --------  --------  --------  -------- 
Trade receivables                           770     1,635         -           - 
Amounts due from Group undertakings           -         -       393           - 
Other receivables and prepayments           421       665        34          57 
-------------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
                                          1,191     2,300       427          57 
 ------------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
 
 

Included within trade receivables are impairment losses of US$67,000 (see note 20), (2018: US$Nil).

Amounts due from Group undertakings are unsecured, interest free and repayable on demand.

14 Trade and other payables

 
                                           Group              Company 
                                         2019      2018      2019      2018 
                                       US$000    US$000    US$000    US$000 
----------------------------------   --------  --------  --------  -------- 
Trade payables                          2,619    15,757        12          14 
Amounts due to Group undertakings           -         -         -       1,451 
Taxes and national insurance               17        16         2           2 
Accruals and other payables               260       548        35          35 
-----------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
                                        2,896    16,321        49       1,502 
 ----------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
 
 

Amounts due to Group undertakings are unsecured, interest free and repayable on demand. Included within trade payables are amounts due to customers of US$2,194,293 (2018: US$15,656,146).

15 Loans

 
                                         Group              Company 
                                       2019      2018      2019        2018 
                                     US$000    US$000    US$000      US$000 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
Loan - Galloway Ltd                     850       500       850         500 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
 
 

A loan of US$500,000 was received from Galloway Ltd in February 2017, to provide financing for cash-backed bonding agreements. The loan is for a term of five years, attracts fixed interest at 7.75% per annum and is secured over the unencumbered assets of the company (see note 19). The loan was issued at a market rate with no issue costs and the interest is settled on a quarterly basis. At year end there are two month's outstanding interest of US$6,476 (2018: US$6,476), which is recorded in other payables.

A further loan of US$350,000 was received from Galloway Ltd in May 2019, to provide additional financing for cash-backed bonding agreements. The loan is for a term of five years, attracts fixed interest at 7.00% per annum and is secured over the unencumbered assets of the company (see note 19). The loan was issued at a market rate with no issue costs and the interest is settled on a quarterly basis. At year end there is one month's outstanding interest of US$2,081 (2018: US$Nil), which is recorded in other payables.

16 Share capital

 
                                                                   2019      2018 
                                                          No.    US$000    US$000 
------------------------------------------------  -----------  --------  -------- 
Allotted, issued and fully paid 
At beginning and close of year: ordinary shares 
 of 1p each                                       393,338,310     6,334       6,334 
At 31 May: ordinary shares of 1p each             393,338,310     6,334       6,334 
------------------------------------------------  -----------  --------  ---------- 
 

The authorised share capital of the Company is US$9,619,000 divided into 600,000,000 ordinary shares of GBP0.01 each (2018: US$9,619,000 divided into 600,000,000 ordinary shares of GBP0.01 each).

Options

Movements in share options during the year ended 31 May 2019 were as follows:

 
                                             No. 
------------------------------------  ---------- 
At 31 May 2018 - 1p ordinary shares   14,000,000 
------------------------------------  ---------- 
Options granted                                - 
------------------------------------  ---------- 
Options lapsed                                 - 
------------------------------------  ---------- 
Options exercised                              - 
------------------------------------  ---------- 
At 31 May 2019 - 1p ordinary shares   14,000,000 
------------------------------------  ---------- 
 

During 2016 the Group established an equity-settled share-based option program. The fair value of options granted is recognised as an expense, with a corresponding increase in equity. The fair value is measured at grant date using a Black-Scholes model and is spread over the vesting period. The amount recognised in equity is adjusted to reflect the actual number of share options which are expected to vest. By taking into consideration the volatility of the shares over the 3 years prior to granting, the volatility of the options is calculated at 75%, with a risk-free interest rate of 0.86%.

The options were issued on 3 March 2016 to Ed Comins, Managing Director of the Group. The fair value of each option on the grant date was estimated as being GBP0.0022. The share options vested on 3 March 2019 after Ed Comins had remained in the employment of the Group for 3 years from when the options were granted. The options are able to be exercised from 3 March 2019 and expire on 2 March 2026. The weighted average exercise price of all options is GBP0.01.

The charge for share options recorded in profit and loss for the year was US$37,989 (2018: US$1,721), with the corresponding amount reflected in the share option reserve in the Statement of Financial Position and Statement of Changes in Equity. Since the grant date, the total charge in relation to the share options was US$42,126.

17 Capital commitments

As at 31 May 2019, the Group had no known capital commitments (2018: US$Nil).

18 Operating lease commitments

At 31 May 2019, the Group was committed to future minimum lease payments of:

 
                                            2019     2018 
                                          US$000   US$000 
---------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Payments due within one year                 108      108 
Payments due between one to five years       186      294 
Payments due beyond five years                 -        - 
---------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

The Group has recognised in the income statement operating lease payments of US$104,000 (2018: US$118,000).

The Group leases office and racetrack facilities. The office facilities lease expires in May 2021, with an option to renew prior to the expiry date, for a period yet to be determined, customarily with the lease rate increasing 2% annually. The racetrack facilities lease expires in May 2022, with an option to renew before the expiry date, for a period and rate to be determined at renewal.

19 Related party transactions

Identity of related parties

The Group has a related party relationship with its subsidiaries (see note 10), and with its Directors and executive officers and with Burnbrae Ltd (significant shareholder).

Transactions with and between subsidiaries

Transactions with and between the subsidiaries in the Group, which have been eliminated on consolidation, are considered to be related party transactions.

Transactions with entities with significant influence over the Group

Rental and service charges of US$45,484 (2018: US$52,858) and Directors' fees of US$46,898 (2018: US$48,413) were charged in the year by Burnbrae Limited, of which Denham Eke and Nigel Caine are common Directors. The Group also had a loan of US$850,000 (2018: US$500,000) from Galloway Ltd, a company related to Burnbrae Limited by common ownership and Directors (note 15).

Transactions with key management personnel

The total amounts for Directors' remuneration were as follows:

 
                                                           2019     2018 
                                                         US$000   US$000 
-----------  -----------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Emoluments   - salaries, bonuses and taxable benefits       348      350 
 - fees                                                      67       69 
 -----------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                                            415      419 
 -----------------------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

Directors' Emoluments

 
                          Basic                        Termination                   2019      2018 
                         salary       Fees     Bonus      payments     Benefits     Total     Total 
                         US$000     US$000    US$000        US$000       US$000    US$000    US$000 
---------------------  --------  ---------  --------  ------------  -----------  --------  -------- 
Executive 
Ed Comins                   310          -         -             -           38       348       350 
Non-executive 
Denham Eke*                   -         26         -             -            -        26        27 
Nigel Caine*                  -         21         -             -            -        21        22 
Sir James Mellon              -         20         -             -            -        20        20 
---------------------  --------  ---------  --------  ------------  -----------  --------  -------- 
Aggregate emoluments        310         67         -             -           38       415       419 
---------------------  --------  ---------  --------  ------------  -----------  --------  -------- 
 

* Paid to Burnbrae Limited.

14,000,000 share options were issued to Ed Comins (see note 16) during 2016.

20 Financial risk management

Capital structure

The Group's capital structure is as follows:

 
                                                          2019      2018 
                                                        US$000    US$000 
----------------------------------------------------  --------  -------- 
Cash and cash equivalents                                2,594      13,392 
Loans and similar liabilities                            (850)       (500) 
----------------------------------------------------  --------  ---------- 
Net funds                                                1,744      12,892 
Shareholders' equity                                   (1,152)     (2,044) 
----------------------------------------------------  --------  ---------- 
Capital employed                                           592      10,848 
----------------------------------------------------  --------  ---------- 
 
 

The Group's policy is to maintain as strong a capital base as possible, insofar as can be sustained due to the fluctuations in the net results of the Group and the inherent effect this has on the capital structure.

The Group's principal financial instruments comprise cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables and payables that arise directly from its operations.

The main purpose of these financial instruments is to finance the Group's operations. The existence of the financial instruments exposes the Group to a number of financial risks, which are described in more detail below.

The principal risks which the Group is exposed to relate to liquidity risks, credit risks and foreign exchange risks.

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Group will be unable to meet its financial obligations as they fall due.

The Group's objective is to maintain continuity of funding through trading and share issues but to also retain flexibility through the use of short-term loans if required.

Management controls and monitors the Group's cash flow on a regular basis, including forecasting future cash flow. Banking facilities are kept under review to ensure they meet the Group's requirements. Funds equivalent to customer balances are held in designated bank accounts where applicable to ensure that Isle of Man Gambling Supervision Commission player protection principles are met. Other customer balances are covered by cash funds held within the Group and by receivables due from ADW racetrack settlement partners. The Directors anticipate that the business will generate sufficient cash flow in the forthcoming period, to meet its immediate financial obligations.

The following are the contractual maturities of financial liabilities:

2019

Financial liabilities

 
                           Carrying  Contractual  6 months    Up to      1-5 
                             amount    cash flow   or less   1 year    years 
                             US$000       US$000    US$000   US$000   US$000 
-------------------------  --------  -----------  --------  -------  ------- 
Trade payables              (2,619)      (2,619)   (2,619)        -        - 
Other payables and loans      (865)         (15)      (15)        -    (850) 
-------------------------  --------  -----------  --------  -------  ------- 
                            (3,484)      (2,634)   (2,634)        -    (850) 
-------------------------  --------  -----------  --------  -------  ------- 
 

2018

Financial liabilities

 
                           Carrying  Contractual  6 months    Up to      1-5 
                             amount    cash flow   or less   1 year    years 
                             US$000       US$000    US$000   US$000   US$000 
-------------------------  --------  -----------  --------  -------  ------- 
Trade payables             (15,757)     (15,757)  (15,757)        -        - 
Other payables and loans      (756)        (256)     (256)        -    (500) 
-------------------------  --------  -----------  --------  -------  ------- 
                           (16,513)     (16,013)  (16,013)        -    (500) 
-------------------------  --------  -----------  --------  -------  ------- 
 

Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk that one party to a financial instrument will cause a financial loss for the other party by failing to discharge an obligation.

Impairment losses on financial assets recognised in profit or loss were as follows:

 
                                           2019     2018 
                                         US$000   US$000 
--------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
Non-credit impaired trade receivables         5        - 
Credit impaired trade receivables            62        - 
Total impairment losses                      67        - 
--------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

The Group's exposure to credit risk is influenced by the characteristics of the individual racetracks and the settling agents operating on behalf of these tracks. The racetracks themselves are influenced by many factors, including the product they offer, supporting sources of revenue they might generate, such as offering simulcast, slots or sports wagering facilities, current economic conditions, ownership structure and so on, all of which can affect their liquidity.

The Group limits its exposure to credit risk by regular settling and verification of balances due to and from settling agents, with standard terms of one month. While there is on occasion debt that is slower to be settled, historical settlements for the last four years show that of the current trade receivable balance, greater than 99% would be expected to be received.

In addition, more than 80% of the current Group customers have transacted with the Group for four years or more and none of these customers balances have been specifically impaired in that period.

The following table provides information about exposure to credit risk and expected credit losses for trade receivables as at 31 May 2019:

 
                             Weighted      Gross Carrying                            Net Carrying      Credit Impaired 
                              Average       Amount US$000        Loss Allowance            Amount 
                            Loss Rate                                    US$000            US$000 
                                  (%) 
---------------------  --------------  ------------------  --------------------  ----------------  ------------------- 
    Current (not past 
     due)                       0.25%                 385                   (1)               384                   No 
    1-30 days past 
     due                        0.50%                 294                   (1)               293                   No 
    31-60 days past 
     due                        1.00%                  55                   (1)                54                   No 
    61-90 days past 
     due                        2.50%                  28                   (1)                27                   No 
    More than 90 days 
     past 
     due                        5.00%                  13                   (1)                12                   No 
    More than 90 days 
     past 
     due                      100.00%                  62                  (62)                 -                  Yes 
---------------------  --------------  ------------------  --------------------  ----------------  ------------------- 
                                                      837                  (67)               770 
---------------------  --------------  ------------------  --------------------  ----------------  ------------------- 
 

The Group uses an allowance matrix to measure the ECLs of trade receivables from racetracks and their settling agents, which comprise a moderate number of balances, ranging from small to large. The Group has reviewed its historical losses over the past four years as well as considering current economic conditions in estimating the loss rates and calculating the corresponding loss allowance.

Classes of financial assets - carrying amounts

 
                                 2019     2018 
                               US$000   US$000 
----------------------------  -------  ------- 
Cash and cash equivalents       2,594   13,392 
Bonds and deposits                983    2,947 
Trade and other receivables     1,051    2,133 
----------------------------  -------  ------- 
                                4,628   18,472 
----------------------------  -------  ------- 
 

Generally, the maximum credit risk exposure of financial assets is the carrying amount of the financial assets as shown on the face of the balance sheet (or in the notes to the financial statements). Credit risk, therefore, is only disclosed in circumstances where the maximum potential loss differs significantly from the financial asset's carrying amount.

The maximum exposure to credit risks for receivables in any business segment:

 
                 2019     2018 
               US$000   US$000 
------------  -------  ------- 
Pari-mutuel     1,051    2,133 
                1,051    2,133 
------------  -------  ------- 
 

Of the above receivables, US$770,000 (2018: US$1,635,000) relates to amounts owed from racing tracks. These receivables are actively monitored to avoid significant concentration of credit risk and the Directors consider there to be no significant concentration of credit risk.

The Directors consider that all the above financial assets that are not impaired for each of the reporting dates under review are of good credit quality. The banks have external credit ratings of at least Baa3 from Moody's.

The credit risk for liquid funds and other short-term financial assets is considered negligible, since the counterparties are reputable banks with high-quality external credit ratings.

Interest rate risk

The Group finances its operations mainly through capital with limited levels of borrowings. Cash at bank and in hand earns negligible interest at floating rates, based principally on short-term interbank rates.

Any movement in interest rates would not be considered to have any significant impact on net assets at the balance sheet date as the Group and Parent Company do not have floating rate loans payable.

Foreign currency risks

The Group operates internationally and is subject to transactional foreign currency exposures, primarily with respect to Pounds Sterling, Hong Kong Dollars and Euros.

The Group does not actively manage the exposures but regularly monitors the Group's currency position and exchange rate movements and makes decisions as appropriate.

At the reporting date the Group had the following exposure:

 
                                 USD       GBP       EUR       HKD      Total 
2019                          US$000    US$000    US$000    US$000     US$000 
-----------------------  -----------  --------  --------  --------  --------- 
Current assets                 3,128       289       427       683      4,527 
Current liabilities          (1,911)     (196)      (84)     (688)    (2,879) 
-----------------------  -----------  --------  --------  --------  --------- 
Short-term exposure            1,217        93       343       (5)    1,648 
-----------------------  -----------  --------  --------  --------  ------- 
 
 
 
                          USD      GBP       EUR      HKD     Total 
2018                   US$000   US$000    US$000   US$000    US$000 
--------------------  -------  -------  --------  -------  -------- 
Current assets          2,744      225    11,214    4,186    18,369 
Current liabilities   (2,013)    (281)  (10,027)  (3.984)  (16,305) 
--------------------  -------  -------  --------  -------  -------- 
Short-term exposure       731     (56)     1,187      202     2,064 
--------------------  -------  -------  --------  -------  -------- 
 

The following table illustrates the sensitivity of the net result for the year and equity with regards to the Group's financial assets and financial liabilities and the US Dollar-Sterling exchange rate, US Dollar-Euro exchange rate and US Dollar-Hong Kong Dollar exchange rate.

A 5% weakening of the US Dollar against the following currencies at 31 May 2019 would have increased/(decreased) equity and profit and loss by the amounts shown below:

 
                                          GBP       EUR       HKD       Total 
2019                                   US$000    US$000    US$000      US$000 
-----------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
Current assets                             15        21        34          70 
Current liabilities                      (10)       (4)      (34)        (48) 
-----------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ---------- 
Net assets                                  5        17         -        22 
-----------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 
 
 
                          GBP      EUR      HKD    Total 
2018                   US$000   US$000   US$000   US$000 
--------------------  -------  -------  -------  ------- 
Current assets             11      561      209      781 
Current liabilities      (14)    (501)    (199)    (714) 
--------------------  -------  -------  -------  ------- 
Net assets                (3)       60       10       67 
--------------------  -------  -------  -------  ------- 
 

A 5% strengthening of the US Dollar against the above currencies would have had the equal but opposite effect on the above currencies to the amounts shown above on the basis that all other variables remain constant.

21 Controlling party and ultimate controlling party

The Directors consider the ultimate controlling party to be Burnbrae Limited and its beneficial owner Jim Mellon by virtue of their combined shareholding of 63.10%.

22 Subsequent events

To the knowledge of the Directors, there have been no material events since the end of the reporting period that require disclosure in the accounts.

This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.

END

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