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Renewables Infrastructure Grp (The) Announcement of Interim Results

05/08/2022 7:00am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


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RNS Number : 0136V

Renewables Infrastructure Grp (The)

05 August 2022

5 August 2022

The Renewables Infrastructure Group Limited

("TRIG" or "the Company", a London-listed investment company advised by InfraRed Capital Partners ("InfraRed") as Investment Manager and Renewable Energy Systems ("RES") as Operations Manager)

Interim Report for the six months ended 30 June 2022

H1 2022 Key Highlights

   -    134.2p Net Asset Value (NAV) per share(1) , increased by 12.5% since 31 Dec 2021 (119.3p) 
   -    GBP3,236m Directors' portfolio valuation(2) , up 18.7% since 31 Dec 2021 (GBP2,726m) 
   -    6.84p dividend target reaffirmed for the year to December 2022 (2021: 6.76p) 
   -    1.39x dividend cover(3) for the six months to 30 June 2022 (H1 2021: 1.28x) 
   -    GBP442m invested year to date (H1 2021: GBP341m) 
   -    17.9p earnings per share (H1 2021: 1.8p) 

Sustainability Key Highlights

   -    960,000 tonnes of CO(2)  avoided(4) 
   -    Portfolio capable of powering 1.7m homes with clean energy(5) 
   -    Supporting 36 community funds with GBP1.2m budgeted for community contributions in 2021 
   -    0.52 reportable lost time accidents per 100,000 hours worked(6) 

Helen Mahy, CBE, Chairman of the Company, said:

"In what will be my last set of results as Chairman, I am pleased to present a strong set of results for the first half of 2022.

I am proud of what TRIG has achieved in the nine years since IPO, and we continue to provide investors with resilient financial performance and access to a portfolio of renewables that contributes to decarbonisation and towards energy security in Europe."

Richard Crawford, of InfraRed Capital Partners said:

"Amidst a challenging wider market for investors, TRIG's portfolio continues to perform well and is benefitting from its defensive positioning against elevated levels of inflation and volatile commodity markets.

We have invested GBP442m in renewables year-to-date, with two thirds of this invested in the UK. Our construction projects continue to progress well, with the 35MW Blary Hill project being funded entirely from re-investment cash flows.

TRIG's diversification across different power markets and technologies remains a strength, as we make strategic acquisitions that enhance the resilience of the portfolio."

Webcast details

TRIG will be presenting its results for the first half of 2022 at 09:00 UK time today. The presentation will be broadcast live and an archive version of the presentation will be made available on the Group's website. To register to attend please email Maitland/AMO at trig-maitlandamo@maitland.co.uk

Highlights Footnotes:

1. The Net Asset Value (NAV) per share as at 30 June 2022 is calculated on the basis of 2,481,751,778 ordinary shares in issue and to be issued as at 30 June 2022 including issues of ordinary shares under the scrip dividend scheme and managers' shares (in part payment of the management fee).

2. On an Expanded Basis. Please refer to Section 3 for an explanation of the Expanded Basis.

3. Dividend cover reported on an expanded basis, being net operational cash over dividends during the period. Please refer to Section 3.0 for an explanation of the Expanded Basis. Figure of 1.39x (H1 2021: 1.28x) is on the basis of dividends paid, excluding scrip.

4. Actual values calculated in accordance with the IFI Approach to GHG Accounting for Renewable Energy.

Portfolio at 30 June 2022 is capable of mitigating 2m   tonnes of carbon emissions p.a. 

5. Based on the IFI Approach to GHG Accounting.

6. A safety at work metric which measures the number of personnel injured and unable to perform their normal duties for seven days or more, for each hundred thousand hours worked. H1 figures are presented on a year-to-date basis, the 12-month rolling average figure for June 2022 is 0.36.

Enquiries

   InfraRed Capital Partners Limited                              +44 (0) 20 7484 1800 

Richard Crawford

Phil George

Minesh Shah

Mohammed Zaheer

   Maitland/AMO                                                             +44 (0) 20 7379 5151 

Rhys Jones

Charles Withey

Notes

The Company

The Renewables Infrastructure Group ("TRIG" or the "Company") is a leading London-listed renewable energy infrastructure investment company. The Company seeks to provide shareholders with an attractive long-term, income-based return with a positive correlation to inflation by focusing on strong cash generation across a diversified portfolio of predominantly operating projects.

TRIG is invested in a portfolio of wind, solar and battery storage projects across six countries in Europe with aggregate net generating capacity of over 2.4GW; enough renewable power for 1.7 million homes and to avoid over 2 million tonnes of carbon emissions per annum. TRIG is seeking further suitable investment opportunities which fit its stated Investment Policy.

Further details can be found on TRIG's website at www.trig-ltd.com .

Investment Manager

TRIG's Investment Manager is InfraRed Capital Partners Limited ("InfraRed") which has successfully invested in infrastructure projects since 1997. InfraRed is a leading international investment manager, operating worldwide from offices in London, Hong Kong, New York, Seoul and Sydney, and managing equity capital in multiple private and listed funds, primarily for institutional investors across the globe. InfraRed is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.

The infrastructure investment team at InfraRed consists of over 100 investment professionals, all with an infrastructure investment background and a broad range of relevant skills, including private equity, structured finance, construction, renewable energy and facilities management.

InfraRed implements best-in-class practices to underpin asset management and investment decisions, promotes ethical behaviour and has established community engagement initiatives to support good causes in the wider community. InfraRed is a signatory of the Principles of Responsible Investment.

Further details can be found on InfraRed's website at www.ircp.com .

Operations Manager

TRIG's Operations Manager is RES (" Renewable Energy Systems"), the world's largest independent renewable energy company.

RES has been at the forefront of wind energy development for over 40 years, with the expertise to develop, engineer, construct, finance and operate projects around the globe. RES has developed or constructed onshore and offshore wind, solar, energy storage and transmission projects totalling more than 22GW in capacity. RES supports over 9.5GW of operational assets worldwide for a large client base. Headquartered in Hertfordshire, UK, RES is active in 11 countries and has over 3,000 employees engaged in renewables globally.

RES is an expert at optimising energy yields, with a strong focus on safety and sustainability. Further details can be found on the website at www.res-group.com .

01 Chairman's Statement

I am pleased to present the 2022 Interim Report for The Renewables Infrastructure Group Limited ("TRIG" or "the Company"). The NAV as at 30 June 2022 was 134.2p per share, an increase in the first half of 2022 by 14.9p per share.

These strong results have been underpinned by increases in wholesale power prices and inflation feeding through into the Company's revenues and portfolio valuation, providing investors with a counter to the adverse impact of these factors on investment portfolios generally. European energy supplies are being severely impacted as a result of the conflict in Ukraine. This has added to gas supply constraints which were already visible at the start of 2022 as we came out of the pandemic-induced economic contraction.

Our portfolio, which has been carefully constructed to provide diversification, and is being diligently managed by InfraRed (our Investment Manager) and RES (our Operations Manager), is contributing to the energy security and decarbonisation agenda with energy generation capacity now 2GW with a further 463MW new capacity in construction. We continue to invest substantial amounts into renewables whilst maintaining pricing discipline, averaging in excess of GBP500m per year since 2018 and GBP300m per year since IPO in 2013.

The portfolio is well correlated with inflation, with half of TRIG's revenues forecast over the next ten years directly linked to inflation through subsidy support mechanisms. The substantial majority of remaining revenues are from the sale of electricity into the wholesale market which has a relationship with inflation due to the inclusion of energy costs in inflation indices. This combination of defensive exposure to elevated commodity markets and inflationary pressure underpins the resilience of TRIG's diversified portfolio.

Acquisitions made in the first half of 2022 continue TRIG's strategy of portfolio diversification, which was a key theme of our recent Capital Markets Seminar in April 2022, in particular by geography and revenue sources. The Company committed to invest in Hornsea One, the world's largest operational offshore wind farm, providing further inflation-linked, subsidised income to the portfolio. This was complemented by the Company's investment in the Valdesolar solar park in Spain, which does not receive government subsidies. Both projects are operational and yielding cash for the portfolio. We also continued our investments into the Ranasjö & Salsjö (Twin Peaks) and Grönhult wind farms which we are building in Sweden, and the Cadiz solar projects under construction in Spain. As with the construction of Blary Hill, the Twin Peaks projects are being funded organically through re--investment cash flows.

In May 2022, we published our annual Sustainability Report, which highlights the progress made in 2021 in key areas such as emissions data with enhanced disclosure on sustainability metrics and regulations.

Your Board of Directors remains grateful for the continued support of TRIG's shareholders in the Company's successful fundraise of GBP277m in March 2022, the maximum available to the Company under its "tap" facility. This was open to existing and new, institutional and retail investors. In volatile equity and energy market conditions, we continue to see renewables as well positioned due to their critical importance to energy security and achieving net zero targets.

Financial Results

The Company's NAV per share was 134.2p at 30 June 2022, an increase of 12.5% to the NAV per share at 31 December 2021 of 119.3p. TRIG's annualised NAV total return (which takes into account dividends paid) from IPO to 30 June 2022 has been 9.3%.

After operating and finance costs, net cash flow covered the cash dividend 1.39 times1, or 2.4 times before the impact of repaying project-level debt. TRIG has maintained its loan amortisation profile, continuing to repay project level debt over the remaining subsidy periods. Interest rate exposure within the portfolio is substantially fixed and the Company has no structural short-to-medium term debt, and therefore has little exposure to rising costs from interest rate increases.

The high dividend cover in the first half of 2022 reflects strong achieved power prices and generation performance consistent with budgeted levels and does not take into account payments due to TRIG, which predominately relate to the warranty settlement in respect of the Merkur offshore wind farm in Germany. These payments are due to be received in 2022/23. We continue to expect no material impact on the carrying value of the project nor the financial performance of the Company.

Investment Activity

Portfolio construction and the generation of attractive risk-adjusted returns are key to InfraRed's assessment of opportunities. The offshore wind farms in TRIG's portfolio are less sensitive to changes in power price levels than the portfolio average due to the subsidies they receive. The addition of these lower risk projects enables the Investment Manager to add unsubsidised higher returning projects into the portfolio while maintaining the portfolio's overall power price sensitivity. This approach has been demonstrated in the two investment commitments made so far this year in the Hornsea One offshore wind farm and the Valdesolar solar park.

TRIG's investment focus remains unchanged, targeting renewables and related infrastructure investments, with benefits in risk diversification from flexible generation such as battery storage and hydroelectricity, as identified in April's Capital Markets Seminar. Our focus includes onshore wind, offshore wind, solar PV and flexible capacity technologies in the UK and Europe, including France, Germany, Ireland, and the Iberian and Nordic regions. Increasingly, as was also discussed at the Capital Markets Seminar, we see a trend of projects finding their long-term owners earlier in their lives - particularly projects in flexible capacity, Nordic onshore wind and Iberian solar market segments. In addition, some of TRIG's older portfolio assets are starting to offer opportunities to be repowered over the coming years. This market and portfolio evolution was the rationale for the increase from 15% to 25% in TRIG's construction and development investment limit under the Company's Investment Policy, which was approved by shareholders at the AGM in May 2022.

The Managers continue to monitor technologies whose financial performance is driven by intermittency of renewables and power price volatility, which therefore have low or negative correlation to power price forecasts. Such flexible capacity investments include technologies such as batteries, hydroelectricity and, in the longer term, green hydrogen.

Portfolio Performance

The electricity generation of TRIG's portfolio during the period was close to budget, with strong performance in the Nordics offsetting weaker wind resource in France and grid constraints offshore in the UK and Germany. The Managers' focus on diversification continues to reduce risk in the portfolio as a whole.

Where the portfolio has exposure to market power prices, we have seen the pressure from supply constraints within the energy market feed through into both actual and forecast revenues. Recognising the ongoing volatility in the power markets, further UK asset-level power price fixes extending into 2026 are being placed. Approximately 62% of portfolio revenues up to 2032 are subsidised or benefit from power price fixes.

TRIG's construction assets are progressing well. The construction of Blary Hill (35MW new capacity) was completed on-time and on-budget in February, whilst Vannier, Grönhult, Ranasjö & Salsjö (Twin Peaks) and the Cadiz solar projects (together 463MW of new capacity) are all on course for successful completion.

Corporate Governance

After nine years as Chairman of TRIG, I will step down in October 2022 in accordance with the Board's succession plan. Richard Morse will succeed me as Chairman of TRIG, and I firmly believe the Company has the Board and the management team it needs to continue its successful journey in providing sustainable returns to shareholders and supporting the energy transition across Europe.

I am pleased to welcome Richard to the Board of Directors. Richard joined the Board on 18 July 2022 and brings extensive experience in sustainable and regulated infrastructure investment, with a particular focus on the energy sector. He is a partner at Opus Corporate Finance, and was previously a partner at Greenhill & Co, a managing director at Goldman Sachs and Deputy Director General at Ofgem. He also brings a wealth of experience in investment company governance, having been Chairman of JLEN Environmental Assets Group from its IPO in 2014 until July 2022. His appointment was the result of an extensive process led by the Nomination Committee and supported by a third-party search firm.

The Board is mindful of the AIC Code2, and the Hampton-Alexander and Parker Reviews. A process is underway, again using the services of a third-party search firm, to recruit a further Non-executive Director to the Company's Board, in particular recognising the importance of the recommendations of the Parker Review.

Responsible Investment and Sustainability

TRIG's 2022 Sustainability Report, available on the Company's website alongside the Managers' own sustainability reports, sets out progress made against our four sustainability goals with several key developments:

Publication of Scope 1, 2 and 3 carbon emissions for the entire portfolio, in line with TRIG's commitment to the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi);

Further developed our clearly defined sustainability key performance indicators, informed by the Managers' annual portfolio-wide ESG Survey which provides the basis for regular monitoring of the portfolio;

Confirmation of TRIG's SFDR categorisation as an Article 8 fund, and the results of our EU Taxonomy assessment;

Several case studies to highlight activities of the Managers and in the portfolio; and

Having met the relevant ESG targets, savings of circa GBP150,000 will be made under the Company's ESG-linked revolving credit facility in respect of the year ending 31 March 2023. These funds will be used to establish new local electricity discount schemes in the vicinity of our projects, recognising the current challenges on household budgets.

Principal Risks and Uncertainties

The Board and the Managers monitor and, where practicable, mitigate a range of risks to TRIG's strategy. TRIG's principal risks have not changed from those set out in the Company's 2021 Annual Report, these continue to be:

Regulation: government or regulatory support for renewables changing adversely;

Power prices: electricity prices falling below market expectations or not increasing as expected; and

Production performance: portfolio electricity production falling short of expectations, including as a result of unfavourable weather and asset unavailability.

These risks are considered in the Portfolio Construction and Value Enhancement sections above and are expanded on in Section 2.10 - Risks and Risk Management of the Company's 2021 Annual Report.

We recognise that access to affordable clean energy is a priority, as highlighted by the UN's Sustainable Development Goal 7. In the context of higher wholesale energy prices impacting consumers, there is a potential elevated risk of government and regulatory intervention in the power market. In the UK, there have been suggestions of extending the "windfall tax" on the oil and gas sector to electricity generation whilst the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy has published a consultation on Review of the Electricity Market Arrangements (REMA), to which we and the Managers will be responding.

We believe that it is important that governments do not act in a way which would be counterproductive to investment in decarbonisation and enhancing energy security as well as lowering of costs associated with generation. Currently, under the Contract-for-Difference mechanism many of our projects in the UK are paying back to the public purse the difference between the agreed subsidy level and current power prices. It must also be considered that whilst power prices are currently high, investors in generating assets are reinvesting to support portfolio resilience through periods when power prices are low. We only have to look back to the power price fluctuations in 2020 and early 2021 to illustrate this. TRIG has invested GBP442m in renewables projects in the year to date.

When considering any market intervention, the underlying investors in renewables infrastructure must be considered. TRIG's shareholders include corporate and institutional pension funds as well as individual UK savers through their private pensions, savings products and direct shareholdings. The reasons these shareholders invest in TRIG include the Company's defensive exposure to commodity prices and inflation, which can help offset investments in other elements of the economy that suffer in such market conditions, helping to maintain the value of savings.

As well as the UK, governments across Europe are considering reforms to the electricity market, in particular to decouple the costs of gas and electricity. There are a number of challenges that such reforms will need to consider, including the move from a centralised to a distributed energy generation system and the need to promote flexible capacity. It will also be necessary to recognise that renewables infrastructure typically has a significantly greater upfront capital cost relative to its ongoing operational costs compared to traditional thermal generation, for example. As such, a reasonable return must be achieved on this investment to promote further deployment. Wider use of the proven Contract-for-Difference mechanism, including for existing generation, may provide the basis of a solution providing greater stability in prices for both consumers and investors. The Managers are engaging with governments directly, and through industry bodies and advisers, to contribute to their thinking on electricity market reform. Ultimately, regulatory and government intervention that risks reducing the attractiveness of renewables as an asset class may lead to an increase in the cost of capital, leading to long-term and wide-ranging impacts on the costs to consumers of the energy transition.

Outlook

The conflict in Ukraine has brought energy security sharply into focus. As the UK and the EU revisit their approach to energy independence, this provides further impetus to renewables investment in addition to the well-established climate action imperative. TRIG continues to play an important role, principally as a long-term owner of assets and therefore facilitating utilities and developers in Europe to recycle capital into new projects. With a significant portfolio of 2.4GW, including 463MW of new capacity in construction, we remain an active participant in the drive to a more sustainable future and greater energy security within the UK and western Europe.

InfraRed and RES continue to excel in developing and delivering the Company's business model of responsible investment practices, careful portfolio construction and enhancing value for all stakeholders. With a strong Board of Directors providing governance oversight, TRIG remains well placed to enable investors to access sustainable returns whilst contributing towards the energy transition.

This is my final set of results as Chairman of TRIG's Board of Directors. It has been an honour to serve TRIG's shareholders, work with my fellow Board Directors and the Company's Managers and contribute to climate action these past nine years. Thank you to TRIG's shareholders for their continuing support of the Company.

Helen Mahy CBE

Chairman

4 August 2022

1 Dividend cover was 1.32 times without the benefit of scrip take-up (which was GBP3.6m in the period).

2 The AIC Code has been endorsed by the Financial Reporting Council (FRC) and the Guernsey Financial Services Commission (GFSC).

2.2 Market Development

Power prices

Power prices remain elevated throughout Europe, particularly in markets where gas generation is most often the marginal price-setting technology, with GB and Iberia being the most exposed markets within TRIG's portfolio.

In addition, current and forward prices for gas and electricity remain highly volatile as a result of supply constraints exacerbated by the conflict in Ukraine. We have seen increases in the forward power price curves across TRIG's key markets. Following a prudent revenue management approach, the Managers have continued their programme of fixing prices through power purchase agreements ("PPAs") and financial derivatives on a rolling basis where appropriate. However, there have been few opportunities to fix prices at the levels indicated by the forwards and greater discounts to the forwards are being demanded by counterparties who are willing to fix. There remains limited liquidity in the market for fixes at these elevated levels. During the period, an additional 472GWh of generation has been fixed with these fixes securing value over periods between 1 and 4 years. For the next 12 months these fixes are equivalent to 7% of annual portfolio production. In total, over the next 12 months, 66% of TRIG's expected revenue is fixed.

TRIG has a balanced portfolio of assets across a range of geographies, technologies and revenue types. Over the short term, the majority of TRIG's current wholesale market exposure is through projects with ROC subsidies in the UK where the total revenue of projects includes the wholesale power prices as well as a subsidy element. As projects in construction come online, the portfolio will increasingly diversify in power price exposure to the Nordic and Iberian regions.

Over the next 12 months, 34% of expected revenues are exposed to wholesale power markets. This exposure is broken down below by market:

 
 Country             Next 12 Months % of Revenues 
 Great Britain                                63% 
 Northern Ireland                              6% 
 Ireland                                       4% 
 France                                        1% 
 Germany                                       0% 
 Sweden                                       11% 
 Spain                                        15% 
 Total                                       100% 
 

Natural gas and, to a lesser extent, carbon prices remain the principal commodity drivers of elevated power prices.

The outlook for European gas supplies remains uncertain. The European Parliament and member states agreed on a minimum gas storage level of 80% full capacity by 1 November 2022, with this target rising to 90% by 1 November 2023. With Russian gas flows into Europe at serious risk, Europe is dependent on liquified natural gas ("LNG") arriving by boat, principally from the USA and Qatar. This supply line is complicated by outages at the Freeport LNG Texas terminal and increased demand from Asian markets following economic recovery after the pandemic. These factors point to a difficult winter ahead for European gas supplies, which may have a further impact on forward power prices depending on how long the mismatch between LNG supply and demand persists.

The cost of electricity across Europe has also increased due to outages at a number of French nuclear plants. According to analysis by Bloomberg, France's nuclear reactors were operating at less than half their full capacity in June 2022, as a result of both planned and unplanned outages, and have produced the least electricity in the first five months of the year since 2008. This has resulted in France needing to import power from the UK - the reverse of the predominant dynamic between the two markets.

In the longer run, on average across TRIG's key markets power price forecasts have largely been flat. This has been broadly due to an increase in renewables deployment forecasts along with an increase in electricity demand and flexible capacity. There continues to be a risk that renewables capacity increases faster than the expected growth in electricity demand, which could reduce power prices over the longer term. The pace of the energy transition for both the supply and demand for renewable electricity, and government policies across Europe in relation to electricity market design, will be key to the long-term power price outlook.

Policy & Regulation

United Kingdom

The principal policy response from the UK government to the energy supply constraints arising from the Ukraine crisis has been the publication of the British Energy Security Strategy, which significantly increases capacity targets for nuclear, offshore wind and solar generation. Importantly, annual Contract for Difference auctions from March 2023 were confirmed, while the strategy also commits to reducing planning and consent time from approximately four years to one year.

These policy responses are welcomed by the renewables industry, although the extent to which supply chains can ramp up and investor confidence is maintained in the sector will be crucial to the delivery of these stretching targets.

The UK government has also directly intervened in the oil and gas market during the period, through the announcement of the Energy Profits Levy to be charged at 25% in addition to existing taxation of the sector. This measure has not been extended into other sectors of the energy mix, such as electricity generation. We believe that any extraordinary intervention in the electricity markets that adversely impacts renewables will dampen investment sentiment in the UK and be a drag on meeting commitments to energy independence under its Energy Security Strategy. Performance of generators should be considered in the context of an entire market cycle during which there will be periods of relatively high and low power prices, as we have seen in 2022 and 2020-2021, respectively. TRIG expects to invest over GBP300m into UK renewables and related infrastructure during 2022 based on existing commitments and pipeline.

We welcome studies into what the optimum structure may be to incentivise renewables investment and reduce volatility in the wholesale power market, which may include decoupling power prices from gas prices - which is an area covered by the recently launched Review of Electricity Market Arrangements (REMA) consultation. We believe any such moves should be taken in consultation with the investors in renewable energy, who will be crucial to delivering the targets envisioned by the Energy Security Strategy and acknowledge the period of time provided to consider the full complexities inherent in any market redesign. The Managers are engaging with government directly, and through industry bodies and advisers, to contribute to their thinking on electricity market reform.

In July, the UK announced its biggest ever round of the Contracts for Difference auctions with capacity of almost 11GW of renewables secured, almost double the capacity achieved in the previous round. The large majority of this capacity (7GW) was awarded to offshore wind projects, where the auction strike price achieved was the lowest to date.

European Union

In response to the crisis in Ukraine, the EU has committed to ending its dependence on Russian imports by 2027, to be achieved through deploying renewables faster, increasing energy efficiency and switching gas supplies to other markets, notably LNG. Each of these aims is immensely challenging to achieve and will require buy-in at EU and member country levels. This steps up the challenge already set out in the EU's 'Fit for 55' strategy and Green Deal package, both published in 2021. Through the Global Infrastructure Investor Association, InfraRed is engaging in the Investors Dialogue on Energy hosted by the European Commission, which is a platform for discussion of EU Financing policies and instruments to support energy investments and progress towards 2030 and 2050 targets associated with the EU's 'Fit for 55' strategy and Green Deal.

During the first half of 2022, the European Parliament was unable to secure consensus around reforms to the EU Emissions Trading Scheme ("ETS"), with disagreements principally relating to the pace at which surplus allowances should be removed from the system. Nonetheless, industrial decarbonisation is expected to accelerate during the 2030s, and so the EU ETS deadlock should not have an impact on renewables deployment, which remain the cheapest form of new electricity generation in Europe. The switch-back to coal to cover off some of the gas shortage will add to demand for EU carbon credits.

The cost of gas has increased significantly across Europe, partly due to supply constraints, and partly due to the higher costs of LNG (which requires pressurisation, shipping and depressurisation and is exposed to world-wide demand) compared with piped gas.

Germany is amongst the most exposed to Russian gas imports of EU states, but has announced targets to reduce Russian gas imports from 55% of the total to 10% by the summer of 2024. This reduction, in the near term, will chiefly be achieved through a shift of gas supplier from Russia to US LNG, and the German government has announced plans for three new LNG terminals.

Spain also has a significant exposure to gas prices and has sought to protect consumers from the most significant cost increases. This is principally being achieved through a mechanism designed to cap gas prices, which then feeds into the electricity markets with gas-fired electricity generation being the marginal price setter for the Iberian power markets. This has not had any impact on the valuation of the Spanish solar assets in TRIG's portfolio as these investments were made incorporating the impact of the Spanish gas price cap.

Both Spain and Germany remain attractive markets for TRIG. The German offshore market will continue to provide opportunities for growth in subsidised revenues, whilst the Iberian market continues to offer strong diversification benefits and higher returns.

Portfolio construction, pipeline and investment outlook

The Investment Manager made two investments on behalf of the Company during the period which both contributed to improving portfolio resilience and diversification by being in different geographies and technologies, and with differing levels of exposure to power markets. The investments were in Hornsea One, a UK offshore wind farm located off the east coast of England, and Valdesolar, a solar park in the south of Spain. The portfolio's overall power price sensitivity remains broadly unchanged as a result of these acquisitions.

TRIG's construction projects continue to progress well in the period, with Blary Hill commissioned in February 2022. TRIG's current Swedish, Spanish and French construction projects will deliver an aggregate of 463MW new renewable energy capacity by 2024, creating value for all stakeholders.

InfraRed continues to see construction and late-stage development projects as attractive opportunities to leverage the depth of the combined expertise and track record of both Managers for the benefit of TRIG and its shareholders. As assets in more established markets such as flexible capacity, Nordic onshore wind and Iberian solar begin to trade earlier in their life cycles, the investment policy limit increase to 25% of portfolio value is a proportionate response to the changing marketplace without materially changing the overall risk profile of the Company.

There remains a strong pipeline of assets across geographies, technologies and revenue types that would be additive to TRIG's portfolio. The Managers are also closely following the evolution of business models in the flexible capacity technologies and are actively reviewing opportunities to increase the portfolio's exposure to such opportunities where revenues may be negatively or uncorrelated to revenue from renewable generation.

The conflict in Ukraine has served as a stark reminder of the importance of energy security. Coupled with the critical need for decarbonisation and affordable energy, the renewables sector continues to increase in relevance to society. TRIG continues to provide shareholders with sustainable returns derived from a portfolio invested in assets critical to each of these key themes. The Managers' strategy towards managing the Company's power price exposure means that the portfolio is also defensively positioned in volatile commodity markets. Revenue support mechanisms across the portfolio provide protection in today's inflationary environment.

Benefiting from a differentiated, clear and robust strategy, TRIG's Managers are well placed to continue delivering strong performance for our shareholders.

2.3 Sustainability

Our approach

Our investments, many of which have asset lives of 30 years or more, require a long-term view and the application of sustainable business practices.

TRIG has four sustainability goals which the Company seeks to fulfil with every investment made and in day-to-day conduct:

   -     Mitigate adverse climate change 
   -     Preserve our natural environment 
   -     Positively impact the communities we work in 
   -     Maintain ethics and integrity in governance 

The TRIG Board and its Managers seek to incorporate sustainability throughout the Company's activities. The Board has overall responsibility for TRIG's Sustainability Policy and its application, whilst the day-to-day management of the portfolio is delegated to both Managers.

Sustainability is integrated into each stage of InfraRed's investment process; from negative screening against the firm and fund exclusion lists to deal screening, due diligence and investment approval. InfraRed publishes its own sustainability report and sustainability policy, including its approach to the integration of sustainability considerations into the investment cycle, on its website.

RES leads management of project-level ESG policies and activities, whilst keeping active management of ESG KPIs, community outreach activities and health and safety standards. RES works together with InfraRed to ensure that sustainability considerations are also prioritised in the ongoing management and reporting of the assets throughout the ownership period. RES publishes its own sustainability report and sustainability policy, on its website.

2022 Sustainability Report

TRIG's purpose is to generate sustainable returns from a diversified portfolio of renewables infrastructure that contribute towards a zero-carbon future.

This purpose has been pivotal to TRIG since IPO in 2013, and efforts towards this objective are detailed in TRIG's 2022 Sustainability Report.

The report highlights achievements within 2021 as well as future objectives for TRIG. Key developments contained within the report include:

Publication of Scope 1, 2 and 3 carbon emissions for the entire portfolio, in line with TRIG's commitment to the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi).

New clearly defined sustainability key performance indicators, informed by the Managers' annual portfolio-wide ESG Survey, which provides the basis for regular monitoring of the portfolio.

Announcement of TRIG's SFDR categorisation as an Article 8 fund, and the results of the EU Taxonomy assessment undertaken on the portfolio.

An overview of TRIG's biodiversity strategy and the approach taken across the portfolio to acknowledge the importance of and to promote biodiversity.

2.4 Portfolio

Portfolio Diversification

The TRIG portfolio benefits from being diversified in a number of ways. Through geographical diversification, the portfolio spans a number of jurisdictions, power markets and weather systems, reducing exposure to regulatory change or power price change in a certain market, as well as reducing year-on-year production volatility. Technological diversification further reduces production volatility, and furthermore a range of counterparties within each technology spreads credit risk.

This is illustrated in the charts on p.22 of the H1 2022 Interim Report.

Revenue Profile

TRIG has the benefit of being diversified across five separate power markets: Great Britain, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (Single Electricity Market), France and Germany (which sit within the main continental European power market), Sweden (which sits within the Nordic electricity market) and Spain (Iberian power market).

The TRIG portfolio has substantial near-term protection of cash revenues from movements in wholesale power prices as the portfolio receives a high proportion of its revenue from selling electricity generated via Power Purchase Agreements ("PPAs") with fixed prices, other power price hedges such as swaps or forwards, and from government subsidies, such as Feed-in Tariffs ("FiTs"), Contracts for Difference ("CfDs") and Renewable Obligation Certificates ("ROCs").

In the longer term, based on its current portfolio, TRIG is expected to have greater exposure to future wholesale electricity prices as subsidies and contracts with pre-determined pricing expire. This may be managed by securing replacement contracts that have fixed-price elements and making additions to the portfolio that benefit from subsidies, each of which would decrease the market revenue proportion of the forecast revenues.

Investment Portfolio

The TRIG portfolio as at 4 August 2022 includes 85 equity investments in the UK, Republic of Ireland, France, Sweden, Germany and Spain, comprising 51 wind projects, 33 solar PV projects and one battery storage project. Additionally, the portfolio includes one mezzanine debt investment in a mixed wind, solar and battery portfolio.

 
Project                    Market (Region)(1)      TRIG's Equity Interest(2)  Net Capacity (MW)3  Year Commissioned(4) 
Onshore wind Farms 
Roos                       GB (England)            100%                       17.1                2013 
Grange                     GB (England)            100%                       14.0                2013 
Tallentire                 GB (England)            100%                       12.0                2013 
Garreg Lwyd                GB (Wales)              100%                       34.0                2017 
Crystal Rig 2              GB (Scotland)           49%                        67.6                2010 
Hill of Towie              GB (Scotland)           100%                       48.3                2012 
Mid Hill                   GB (Scotland)           49%                        37.2                2014 
Blary Hill                 GB (Scotland)           100%                       35.0                2022 
Paul's Hill                GB (Scotland)           49%                        31.6                2006 
Crystal Rig 1              GB (Scotland)           49%                        30.6                2003 
Solwaybank(5)              GB (Scotland)           100%                       30.4                2020 
Green Hill                 GB (Scotland)           100%                       28.0                2012 
Little Raith               GB (Scotland)           100%                       24.8                2012 
Rothes 1                   GB (Scotland)           49%                        24.8                2005 
Freasdail                  GB (Scotland)           100%                       22.6                2017 
Rothes 2                   GB (Scotland)           49%                        20.3                2013 
Earlseat                   GB (Scotland)           100%                       16.0                2014 
Meikle Carewe              GB (Scotland)           100%                       10.2                2013 
Neilston                   GB (Scotland)           100%                       10.0                2017 
Forss                      GB (Scotland)           100%                       7.5                 2003 
Altahullion                SEM (N. Ireland)        100%                       37.7                2003 
Lendrum's Bridge           SEM (N. Ireland)        100%                       13.2                2000 
Lough Hill                 SEM (N. Ireland)        100%                       7.8                 2007 
Pallas                     SEM (Rep. of Ireland)   100%                       51.6                2008 
Taurbeg                    SEM (Rep. of Ireland)   100%                       25.3                2006 
Milane Hill                SEM (Rep. of Ireland)   100%                       5.9                 2000 
Beennageeha                SEM (Rep. of Ireland)   100%                       4.0                 2000 
Haut Vannier4              France (North)          100%                       43.0                2022 
Venelle                    France (North)          100%                       40.0                2020 
Epine                      France (North)          100%                       36.0                2019 
Rosières              France (North)          100%                       17.6                2018 
Energie du Porcien         France (North)          42%                        16.3                2012 
Montigny                   France (North)          100%                       14.2                2018 
Les Vignes                 France (North)          42%                        4.2                 2009 
Fontaine-Mâcon        France (North)          42%                        5.1                 2011 
Haut Languedoc             France (South)          100%                       29.9                2006 
Haut Cabardes              France (South)          100%                       20.8                2006 
Cuxac Cabardes             France (South)          100%                       12.0                2006 
Roussas-Claves             France (South)          100%                       10.5                2006 
Rully                      France (North)          42%                        5.0                 2010 
Val de Gronde              France (North)          37%                        4.5                 2011 
Jädraås          Sweden                  100%                       212.9               2013 
Gronhult(5)                Sweden                  100%                       67.0                2022 
Twin Peaks - 
 Ranasjö(5)           Sweden                  50%                        43.4                2024 
Twin Peaks - 
 Salsjö(5)            Sweden                  50%                        77.5                2024 
Total onshore wind at 4 August 2022                                            1,331.8 
Offshore Wind Farms 
East Anglia 1              GB (England)            14.3%                      102.1               2020 
Hornsea One(8)             GB (England)            10.2%                      122.4               2020 
Sheringham Shoal           GB (England)            14.7%                      46.6                2012 
Beatrice                   GB (Scotland)           17.5%                      102.9               2018 
Merkur                     Germany                 24.6%                      99.0                2019 
Gode Wind 1                Germany                 25%                        82.5                2017 
Total offshore wind at 4 August 2022                                           555.5 
Solar Photovoltaic Parks 
Parley Court               GB (England)            100%                       24.2                2014 
Egmere Airfield            GB (England)            100%                       21.2                2014 
Stour Fields               GB (England)            100%                       18.7                2014 
Tamar Heights              GB (England)            100%                       11.8                2014 
Penare Farm                GB (England)            100%                       11.1                2014 
Four Burrows               GB (England)            100%                       7.2                 2015 
Parsonage                  GB (England)            100%                       7.0                 2013 
Churchtown                 GB (England)            100%                       5.0                 2011 
East Langford              GB (England)            100%                       5.0                 2011 
Manor Farm                 GB (England)            100%                       5.0                 2011 
Marvel Farms               GB (England)            100%                       5.0                 2011 
Midi                       France (South)          51%                        6.1                 2012 
Plateau                    France (South)          49%                        5.9                 2012 
Puits Castan               France (South)          100%                       5.0                 2011 
Chateau                    France (South)          49%                        1.9                 2012 
Broussan                   France (South)          49%                        1.0                 2012 
Pascialone                 France (Corsica)        49%                        2.2                 2011 
Olmo 2                     France (Corsica)        49%                        2.1                 2011 
Santa Lucia                France (Corsica)        49%                        1.7                 2011 
Borgo                      France (Corsica)        49%                        0.9                 2011 
Agrinergie 1 & 3           France (Réunion)   49%                        1.4                 2011 
Chemin Canal               France (Réunion)   49%                        1.3                 2011 
Ligne des 400              France (Réunion)   49%                        1.3                 2011 
Agrisol                    France (Réunion)   49%                        0.8                 2011 
Agrinergie 5               France (Réunion)   49%                        0.7                 2011 
Logistisud                 France (Réunion)   49%                        0.6                 2010 
Sainte Marguerite          France (Guadeloupe)     49%                        1.2                 2011 
Marie Galante              France (Guadeloupe)     49%                        1.0                 2010 
Valdesolar                 Spain (Badajoz)         49%                        129.0               2021 
Arenosas(5)                Spain (Cadiz)           100%                       58.1                2022 
El Yarte(5)                Spain (Cadiz)           100%                       58.1                2022 
Guita(5)                   Spain (Cadiz)           100%                       58.1                2022 
Malabrigo(5)               Spain (Cadiz)           100%                       58.1                2022 
Total solar at 4 August 2022                                                   517.7 
Battery Storage/ Mixed 
portfolio 
Broxburn                   GB (Scotland)           100%                       20.0                2018 
Phoenix SAS(7)             France                  0%                         -                   2015 
Total Battery Storage / Mixed portfolio at 4 
 August 2022                                                                   20.0 
 
Total Portfolio at 4 August 2022                                               2,425 
Operating assets                                                              1,961.7 
Construction assets(5)                                                        230.9 
Contracted to acquire(6)                                                      232.4 
Total Portfolio at 4 August 2022                                               2,425 
 

Footnotes

1 SEM refers to the Irish Single Electricity Market.

2 This is TRIG's equity share of the nominal capacity of the asset.

3 This is each project's generation capacity pro-rated for TRIG's share of equity capital and subordinated debt.

4 Where a project has been commissioned in stages, this refers to the earliest commissioning date. For construction assets, this refers to expected completion date.

5 Ranasjö, Salsjö, Grönhult, Haut Vannier and the Cadiz solar projects are under construction. Due to contractual measures in place, TRIG does not retain any construction risk for the Cadiz solar projects, therefore they are included in the table under 'Contracted to acquire'.

6 This is the investment commitment to acquire the Cadiz solar projects.

7 This investment is in the form of mezzanine level bonds where the Company does not have an equity stake. The portfolio comprises five onshore wind farms in Northern France with a combined capacity of 74MW and four operational solar parks with battery storage located on the islands of Corsica and La Réunion with a combined capacity of 29MW ("the Portfolio"). All the Portfolio assets are backed by the French government's Feed-in Tariff subsidy and have an average year of commission of 2015.

8 In March 2022 the company committed to invest in a 7.8% stake in Hornsea One which completed in July 2022. In July 2022 the Company committed to invest in a further 2.4% stake in Hornsea One. Upon completion of the second tranche the Company will hold a 10.2% stake in Hornsea One.2.5 Portfolio Performance

Capital Raising and Acquisitions

During the period, the Company raised gross proceeds of GBP277m from an Initial Issue by way of a tap issuance under the Company's general authority to disapply pre-emption rights taken at the 2021 AGM.

From 1 January 2022 to 4 August 2022, TRIG has invested GBP442m relating to new projects, shown in the table below.

 
                                                                                                         % of 
                                                                                                         portfolio on 
Transaction                      Date                          Net Capacity                              a committed 
Date             Project          commissioned   Equity Share  (MW)10          Revenue Type11  Location  basis12 
                 Hornsea One 
                  offshore wind                                                Contract for 
March 2022        farm           February 2020   10.2%(13)     122             Difference      GB        9% 
                 Valdesolar                                                    Wholesale 
March 2022        solar project  December 2021   49%           129             Market          Spain     3% 
 

Outstanding Commitments

As at 4 August 2022 the Company has outstanding commitments of GBP216m relating to the second tranche of Hornsea One, the Swedish onshore wind farm construction projects (Ranasjö, Salsjö and Grönhult), and the Cadiz solar projects (Arenosas, Malabrigo, El Yarte and Guita), broken down in the table below, by expected due date(14) . The Company's acquisition facility was not drawn as at 30 June 2022, and was GBP195m drawn on 4 August 2022 (the date of this report).

 
As at 4 August 2022               H2 2022  2023  2024  Total 
Outstanding Commitments (GBPm)*   127      64    24    216 
 

*Table does not cast due to rounding

10 This is TRIG's equity share of the nominal capacity of the wind farm.

11 The main revenue type during the subsidy period. Thereafter all revenues are wholesale power market.

12 The segmentation below is on a fully committed basis and includes assets under construction at the time the investment was committed.

13 In March 2022 the company committed to invest in a 7.8% stake in Hornsea One which completed in July 2022. In July 2022 the Company committed to invest in a further 2.4% stake in Hornsea One. Upon completion of the second tranche the Company will hold a 10.2% stake in Hornsea One.

14 More detail on the Company's outstanding commitments is provided in section 2.6 - Valuation of the Portfolio.

Projects in construction

TRIG currently has four investments comprising eight projects under construction that account for 12% of the portfolio, by value.(15)

Vannier (Construction partner: Envision) - Construction has significantly progressed in the period, with all turbines erected. Completion of the wind farm is scheduled for autumn 2022.

Cadiz solar projects (Arenosas, Malabrigo, El Yarte and Guita) (Construction partner: Statkraft) - Construction progressing well. The panel traceability study was completed in the period with no adverse findings. Module installation is complete at three of the four sites and the main transformer has been installed at the substation. The projects are on track to be operational in winter 2022.

Grönhult (Construction partner: Vattenfall) - Civil works were completed on schedule and turbine deliveries have commenced. They will be erected during summer 2022, with progress on the first turbine underway. The project remains on track to be operational in winter 2022.

Ranasjö & Salsjö (Twin Peaks) (Construction partner: Arise) - Progress in line with programme. Foundation pours are nearly complete at the Salsjö site, after which the on-site concrete batching plant will move to the Ranasjö location. The planned grid connection date may be slightly delayed, with potential solutions being investigated to minimise any delay to project completion, expected in 2024.

During the period, the Blary Hill (RES) project was completed on time and on budget, and it is now included in the GB onshore wind sub-portfolio. Its construction was fully funded from re-investment proceeds.

Core to construction risk management is the appointment of an experienced owner's engineer for each project to monitor construction quality, provide independent assurance and to provide routine on-site presence. During the period, project company directors of the Ranasjö, Salsjö, Vannier and Cadiz projects conducted site visits alongside the owner's engineers to view progress first-hand, engage with site personnel to further develop relationships and share best practice on health & safety.

15 TRIG does not bear construction risk on the Cadiz solar projects. TRIG has a right to put any of the four projects back to the developer of the projects in the event that a project is not successfully commissioned by its long stop date. Investments where TRIG bears construction risk represent 8% of the portfolio, by value.

Operations Summary

Portfolio production in the six months to 30 June 2022 was consistent with budgeted levels, with strong winds in GB, Germany and Scandinavia in Q1 offset by lower wind speeds in Q2 in addition to grid-related downtime at offshore wind farms. Adjustments have been made to generation values where such losses are compensated, whether under insurance claims for lost revenue, compensated grid curtailments from grid companies, compensated construction delay from contractors or availability warranties from service providers.

The portfolio has experienced high levels of power prices throughout the period, meaning overall financial performance for H1 2022 was above budget. 'Budget' is the Managers' expected P50 production as applied in the valuation.

Production:

 
                        Production 
                   Actual     Variance 
                    MWh        % 
GB Wind            774,436    6% 
Ireland Wind       166,959    -5% 
GB Offshore        678,500    -6% 
Germany Offshore   338,481    -6% 
France Wind        261,852    -9% 
Scandinavia        313,382    14% 
Solar & Storage    213,272    -2% 
Total              2,746,882  (0.7%) 
 

GB onshore wind

GB onshore wind generation was 6% above budget due to strong winds in Q1.

Improvement works at Crystal Rig 1 are progressing, with one upgrade package complete and showing positive availability impact.

Operational challenges at Little Raith are being addressed through an improvement plan agreed between the O&M contractor and the RES asset manager, with some revenue protection through an availability warranty.

Blade enhancements and foundation rectification works are underway at Hill of Towie.

Production at Solwaybank has been boosted by reduced radar curtailments in discussion with the Ministry of Defence.

All-island Ireland (Northern Ireland & Republic of Ireland) wind

Ireland production was 5% below budget, driven by downtime for major component works at multiple sites, most notably Altahullion and Taurbeg.

Control systems upgrades have been completed at Lendrum's Bridge to improve data analysis and proactive maintenance activities.

GB offshore wind

GB offshore generation was 6% below budget, largely driven by grid challenges.

East Anglia One grid connection was curtailed to enable offshore substation snagging works. The adverse impact of this was partly offset by an above-budget increase in revenues resulting from its inflation-linked UK Contract-for-Difference ("CfD"). Hornsea One also has a UK CfD, which received an inflation uplift in excess of the investment case.

Sheringham Shoal's financial performance was lifted by elevated power prices in the period. The impact of this was dampened by a temporary grid export restriction.

Hornsea One, of which the Company was committed to invest in the first tranche in March, has been performing in line with its generation budget.

Germany offshore wind

Generation was 6% below budget, primarily linked to planned grid maintenance in addition to component replacement works. Planned grid development in the region could reduce grid downtime in future.

Repair and retrofit works associated with the Merkur rear frame defect are progressing well. The settlement payment calculation under the availability warranty for the year ended 31 March 2022 has been agreed with the turbine and O&M provider, with payment to follow in due course and no financial impact on the carrying value for the project.

France onshore wind

French production was 9% below budget for the year, largely due to poor wind resource in January and May, in addition to some downtime at the older sites due to major component maintenance activities.

Repowering development activities for the four older sites are progressing well. In addition to Cuxac, Claves has now also secured a new Contract-for-Difference.

A sub-portfolio of five projects managed by Akuo secured higher pricing under fixed-price market power purchase agreements from September 2022 to December 2026.

Scandinavia onshore wind

Jädraås has continued to outperform budget in terms of both generation and availability, achieving production 14% above budget in the period. A scheduled blade repair campaign is underway and expected to be completed in August 2022.

Solar

Valdesolar achieved excellent availability and secured good power prices in the period, though this was partly offset by production having been 6% below budget due to low irradiance and some grid curtailment.

GB solar outperformed budgets due to good irradiance in the period. Construction rectification works at several solar sites are now nearing completion, with final works and snagging due to be closed out Q3 2022.

Biodiversity activities at Marvel and Parsonage solar farms have been progressed during the period, with placement of local beehives and wildflower planting.

Enhancements

RES, as Operations Manager for the portfolio, is committed to enhancing the value of the portfolio using both commercial and technical initiatives. Through collaboration with TRIG's asset managers, enhancements are identified, assessed and implemented. The following examples are from the first half of 2022:

Blade enhancements are being rolled out at a Scottish onshore wind site following yield uplift demonstrated during trial.

Phase 1 of the wake steering trial at Altahullion wind farm has progressed. Analysis shows the retrofitted controllers have achieved a reduction in loading, with a positive impact on expected life of the turbines, and the adaptive yaw and pitch optimisation has identified a potential 1% yield increase.

Tests have completed to enable Pallas onshore wind farm in Ireland to provide grid services under DS3, providing an additional revenue stream expected to generate circa GBP200k per year.

Icing parameters at Epine onshore wind farm in France have been optimised to reduce generation losses in future winters.

Turbine pitch and yaw analysis is underway at Gode offshore wind farm in Germany to optimise yield.

Solar maintenance schedules were adjusted in a cost-effective manner in response to higher electricity pricing across the GB portfolio, with night-time working also considered.

Health and Safety

Health and safety ("H&S") continues to be at the forefront of all TRIG's operations. The following provides an update on notable H&S items during the first half of 2022.

There were nine Lost Time Accidents resulting in the injured person being off work for seven days or more ("7-day LTAs") during the period. This resulted in a higher 7-day Lost Time Accident Frequency Rate ("LTAFR") than seen in previous periods (0.52 H1 2022 compared to 0.27 H1 2021 and 0.21 H2 2021).

This increase is partly driven by 7-day LTAs across the Cadiz portfolio construction activities, which included back strains and knocks to arms and legs associated with non-specialised work. Two 7-day LTAs occurred at a French onshore wind construction site during tower laydown and assembly. TRIG's Operations Manager is engaging with the site management teams to reduce occurrences, with follow-up action taken for each incident.

Aiming to reduce the risk of similar incidents, the Operations Manager shares details of incidents amongst the partners on the TRIG portfolio in line with best practice sharing of information. An increased focus is now being placed on leading indicators such as safety audits, "good catches" and safety observations. Positively, we are seeing a large number of hazard identifications raised on many of the construction assets.

A number of TRIG's operational partners have held company-wide safety days during the period. A strong health and safety culture is core to both Managers; for example, RES, the Operations Manager, held an offsite Safety Focus Event where there was an opportunity for all staff to discuss why people might take risks and consider the consequences.

Safety audits are performed annually by the service providers on all assets and these are supported further by independent audits on representative assets across the portfolio. In the period, third-party audits have been undertaken across five sites.

Cybersecurity

TRIG recognises that globally there has been an increased level of cybersecurity activity, including both targeted attacks and viruses. TRIG continues to engage with its Managers and project company asset managers to ensure proportionate protections are in place and awareness is maintained.

2.6 Valuation of the Portfolio

The Investment Manager is responsible for carrying out a fair market valuation of the Group's investment portfolio which is presented to the Directors for their approval and adoption. Valuations are carried out on a six-monthly basis at 31 December and 30 June each year.

For non-market traded investments (being all the investments in the current portfolio), the valuation principles used are based on a discounted cash flow methodology and adjusted in accordance with the European Venture Capital Association's valuation guidelines where appropriate to comply with IFRS 13 and IFRS 9, given the special nature of infrastructure investments. Where an investment is traded, a market quote is used.

The valuation for each investment in the portfolio is derived from the application of an appropriate discount rate to reflect the perceived risk to the investment's future cash flows to give the present value of those cash flows. The Investment Manager exercises its judgement in assessing the expected future cash flows from each investment based on the project's expected life and the financial model produced by each project entity. In determining the appropriate discount rate to apply to a given investment the Investment Manager takes into account the relative risks associated with the revenues, which include fixed price per MWh income (lower risk) or merchant power sales income (higher risk). As a refinement to the process of determining the appropriate discount rate, in view of the increasing variation of project ages and revenue mixes within the portfolio, where a project has both income types a theoretical split of future receipts has been applied, with a different (higher) discount rate used for an investment's return deriving from the merchant income compared to the fixed price income, to determine the appropriate blended rate for the investment.

The Directors' valuation(16) of the portfolio of 85(17) project investments as at 30 June 2022 was GBP3,235.6m (31 December 2021: GBP2,725.8m for 84 projects). The Board regularly engages an independent third-party expert to review the Manager's valuation, and accordingly the Board commissioned an independent valuation from the accountants BDO as at 30 June 2022. BDO's work included a review of the key valuation assumptions including discount rates, power price and cannibalisation, inflation and other macroeconomic assumptions, operating costs and asset lives. BDO's work corroborated the TRIG June 2022 valuation and the key underlying assumptions as adopted by the Board and used within the preparation of these accounts.

Valuation Movement

A breakdown of the movement in the Directors' valuation of the portfolio in the period is set out in the table below.

* Foreign Exchange movements in the bridge are stated before the offset of currency hedges which are held at the Company and its subsidiaries TRIG UK and TRIG UK I. The valuation addition reduces to GBP13.8m after netting off hedges.

16 Directors' Valuation is an Alternative Performance Measure ("APM"). See page 77 of the H1 2022 Interim Report for details of APMs. Further, the reconciliation from the expanded basis financial results is provided in Section 3.0 - Analysis of Financial Results, and a reconciliation of the Directors' Portfolio Value (APM) to Investments at Fair Value is providedin Note 10 to the Financial Statements.

17 Hornsea One is not included as whilst the commitment to invest was made in March 2022, completion and investment occurred in July 2022 which was after the valuation date.

 
Valuation movement during the period to 30 June 2022   GBPm     GBPm 
Valuation of portfolio at 31 December 2021                      2,725.8 
Cash investments                                       168.6 
Cash distributions from portfolio                      (119.1) 
 
Rebased valuation of portfolio                                  2,775.4 
Change in power price forecast                         212.0 
Change from inflation assumption / deposit rate        124.4 
Foreign exchange movement*                             31.5 
Balance of portfolio return                            92.3 
Valuation of portfolio at 30 June 2022                          3,235.6** 
 

* A net gain of GBP13.8m after the impact of foreign exchange hedges held at Company level.

** Table does not cast due to rounding.

The opening valuation at 31 December 2021 was GBP2,725.8m. Allowing for cash investments of GBP168.6m and cash receipts from investments of GBP119.1m, the rebased valuation as at 30 June 2022 was GBP2,775.4m.

During H1 2022, investments were made in the four projects set out in the table below:

 
H1 2022 investments: % of Portfolio Value including commitment at 30 June 2022 
% of Portfolio Value at 30 June    Invested at        Invested in 
2022                                31 December 2021   H1 2022     Invested at 30 June 2022  Value once fully invested 
Valdesolar                         0%                 3%           3%                        3% 
Cadiz solar                        3%                 1%           4%                        5% 
Twin Peaks                         1%                 1%           1%                        3% 
Grönhult                      1%                 0%(18)       1%                        3% 
 

Each movement between the rebased valuation of GBP2,775.4m and the 30 June 2022 valuation of GBP3,235.6m is considered in turn below:

   (i)    Forecast power prices: 

The valuation of the portfolio has increased by a net GBP212.0m as a result of the movements in power price forecasts during the six-month period including the change in power curve inflation (see (ii) movement in actual and forecast inflation). The valuation uses updated power price forecasts for each of the markets in which TRIG invests.

Over the period spot power prices and the short-to-medium term power price forecasts have markedly increased due to supply chain constraints exacerbated by the conflict in Ukraine and associated disruption to energy markets contracting the supply and pushing up the cost of natural gas in many European countries. Many of the affected countries are seeking to reduce and/or eliminate their use of Russian gas, increasing their demand for other gas sources (including LNG) in the shorter term and increasing the drive to utilise other energy sources. This includes the potential use of coal as a stopgap measure (notwithstanding its high carbon tax). This transition has resulted in price forecasts remaining elevated across the 2020s before reverting to the levels similar to those forecast at the year end, as additional demand and supply are broadly expected to balance. Over the longer term this also includes electrifying sources of gas demand, accelerating the use of hydrogen and including more intermittent renewable generation and/or nuclear generation.

18 Corresponding to 0.1%

Prior to the Ukraine conflict near-term power prices across Europe were already elevated, mainly caused by increasing gas prices during 2021 and early 2022 with supply of gas not keeping up with increasing demand. Gas storage levels were low over the last winter period, as electricity demand increased during 2021 as economies came out of lock-down and electricity generated from other sources, such as wind and nuclear was lower than usual (unusually low wind levels and outages respectively), meaning that European gas prices and hence electricity prices were more sensitive to reduced supply and/or increased demand.

The weighted average power price forecast used to determine the Portfolio Valuation is comprised of the blend of forecasts for each of the power markets in which TRIG is invested after applying expected PPA power sales discounts and reflecting cannibalisation(19) .

The significant increase in near-term forecast wholesale power prices discussed above results in a higher near-term forecast, but after the shorter to medium-term constraints in energy supply work through, forecast power prices return to similar levels to the previous December 2021 forecasts. The table below separates average real forecast power prices in Great Britain and the average across the other five euro-denominated markets (SEM(21) , France, Spain, Germany and Sweden) weighted by value for the period 2022-2026 and beyond.

 
                                                                                              Average 
Prices by Region (real)                                Average 2022-2026   Average 2027-2050   2022-2050 
Great Britain (GBP per MWh)                           125                 40                  55 
Average of 5 euro-denominated markets (EUR per MWh)   95                  48                  56 
 

Cannibalisation is assumed within the adopted power price forecasts across each jurisdiction. The reduction in captured wholesale electricity power prices is forecast to be further impacted in each geography over time as the proportion of production coming from renewables in each market increases.

19 Cannibalisation describes the effect that renewables (an intermittent generator) can have on the overall power prices, whereby the marginal cost of generation, which in turn drives the power prices, is lower than the average which would be expected of a continuous base load generator as a result of the additional supply when renewables are generating. Rates differ over time and between markets but all are affected.

20 Power price forecasts used in the Directors' valuation for each of GB, SEM (Northern Ireland & Republic of Ireland), France, Germany, Sweden and Spain are based on analysis by the Investment Manager using data from forward prices available in the market and leading power market advisers. In the illustrative blended price curve, the power price forecasts are weighted by P50 estimates of production for each of the projects in the Company's portfolio as at 30 June 2022.

21 SEM refers to the Irish Single Electricity Market.

   (ii)    Movement in actual and forecast inflation: 

Throughout H1 2022, the material increases in energy prices (as described in (i) above) as well as increases in food and other commodity prices exacerbated by the conflict in Ukraine have contributed to material increases in headline inflation (measured versus price levels 12 months previously) across all the geographies TRIG invests in.

The most significant increase in the UK resulted from the step-up in the retail consumer energy price cap in April (with the next change in energy price cap expected in October), while other contributions have been more evenly spread. Headline inflation figures are likely to remain high both from continued inflationary pressures (in energy and in other factors) and as a result of the "base effect", while the material increase in April remains within the headline figure (e.g. for the April 2022 uplift, until the April 2023 inflation figure is released).

Inflation applied to cashflows has been uplifted for actual inflation in all geographies for the 5 months to May 2022. For the remaining 7 months of 2022 we have assumed 6% for UK RPI, 5.25% for UK CPI and 3% for CPI in the other European countries TRIG invests in. Actual inflation for the 5 months on an annualised basis has been above these levels but is expected to revert to more normal levels by December 2023.

We have shown below the revised inflation assumptions and also the effective annual rate for 2022, which combines the very high actual inflation to date with the expected inflation levels for the balance of 2022.

Inflation applied to future UK power prices tracks UK RPI till 2030 and is assumed to be 2.25% thereafter.

 
                           Inflation assumptions used in the Portfolio Valuation 
                                    2022                      2023   2024-2029  2030+ 
                 Forecast 
Index             (Jun to Dec)  Full-Year Equivalent* 
UK RPI           6.00%          10.3% (was 3.75% previously)  3.50%  2.75%      2.00% 
UK CPI           5.25%          8.4% (was 3.00% previously)   2.75%  2.00%      2.00% 
UK Power Price   6.00%          10.3% (was 3.75% previously)  3.50%  2.75%      2.25% (was 2.75% previously) 
Eurozone         3.00%          6.5% (was 2.00% previously)   2.00%  2.00%      2.00% 
 

* This represents the average inflation across the year 2022 measured against the prior 12 months.

Consequently, the inflation review had the impact of increasing the valuation by GBP124.4m. Note that this number was mainly driven by inflation actuals accounting for approximately 80% of the total.

   (iii)   Foreign exchange: 

Over the half-year sterling has depreciated 2% against the euro compared to the rate at December 2021 (31 December 2021: EUR 1.1899; 30 June 2022: EUR 1.1613). In aggregate this has led to a gain in the period of GBP31.5m in the valuation of the euro-denominated investments located in France, the Republic of Ireland, Sweden(22) , Spain and Germany. After the impact of forward currency hedges held at Company level are taken into account, the foreign exchange gain reduces to GBP13.8m.

Euro-denominated investments comprised 40% of the portfolio at the period end.

Once the committed investments are fully subscribed, the proportion of euro-denominated investments based on the current portfolio and valuation remains at 40% (including Hornsea One).

The Group enters into forward hedging contracts (selling euros, buying sterling) for an amount equivalent to its expected income from euro-denominated investments over the short term, currently approximately the next 48 months. In addition, the Group enters into further forward hedging contracts such that, when combined with the "income hedges", the overall level of hedge achieved in relation to the euro-denominated assets is typically in the range of 60% to 80% of their valuation. Hedging is also effected when making investments using the revolving credit facility by drawing in euros for euro acquisitions.

The Investment Manager keeps under review the level of euro exposure and utilises hedges, with the objective of minimising variability in shorter-term cash flows with a balance between managing the sterling value of cash flow receipts and potential mark-to-market cash outflows.

22 The majority of the Swedish wind farm income is from wholesale power sales which in the Nord Pool are denominated in euros, accordingly the investment is treated as euro-denominated.

(iv) Balance of portfolio returns and discount rate unwind:

This refers to the balance of valuation movements in the period (excluding (i) to (iii) above) and represents an uplift of GBP92.3m and a 3.3% increase over the half-year in the rebased value of the portfolio. The balance of portfolio return mostly reflects the net present value of the cash flows brought forward by six months at the prevailing portfolio discount rate (6.6%).

In addition to the unwinding of the discount rate:

- Actuals have been greater than forecast with higher than forecast power prices being partially offset by overall generation for the period being marginally below budget with low wind speeds in Q2.

- Changes have been made to deposit rate assumptions, increasing interest rate forecasts in line with market expectations and the recent rises enacted by central banks across TRIG's markets. The portfolio remains relatively insensitive to the changes in interest rates, which is an advantage to TRIG's approach of favouring long-term structured project financing, rather than short-term corporate debt. Structured project financing is secured against the underlying assets, with the substantial majority benefitting from long-term interest rate swaps which fix the interest costs to the projects. As such, the overall impact of interest rate changes is not material.

- Several projects secured new fixed price power purchase agreements, while others utilised existing optionality to fix some prices at attractive rates, providing additional value and revenues security.

   -      Minor movements that in aggregate slightly dampen performance. 

Over the period no changes have been made to the discount rates applied to the assets in the portfolio (and consequently no associated movement appears within the valuation bridge).

We have observed over the period the approximately 1% increase in long-term risk-free rates across the jurisdictions we invest in, such that the blended long-term risk-free rate across those jurisdictions is a little over 2% at the balance sheet date. However, we have not observed movement in valuation discount rates, noting that the strong inflation linkage of returns for renewables projects continues to be one of the key factors making renewables investments attractive to investors. A significant risk buffer between the circa 2% long-term risk-free rate and the 6.7% portfolio discount rate remains. We continue to observe strong competition for new investment opportunities and continue to be outbid on transactions for the majority of processes in which we are involved.

The Weighted Average Discount Rate of the portfolio has moved from 6.6% to 6.7% as a result of additions to the portfolio and changes in the balance between forecast merchant and protected (fixed) flows which have different discount rates.

Investment Obligations

 
Name            Acquired   Net MW  Status        Completion Date  Outstanding Commitment*  Value once fully invested* 
Cadiz solar     Sept 21    232.0   Construction  Q4 2022          1%                       5% 
Grönhult   Feb 21     67.0    Construction  Q4 2022          2%                       2% 
Twin Peaks      Jul 21     120.9   Construction  2024             2%                       4% 
 

*Expressed as a percentage of portfolio valuation once fully invested, which takes into account expenditure on construction projects.

At 30 June 2022, the Company had outstanding investment commitments on seven projects (Grönhult, Twin Peaks (Ranasjö and Salsjö) and Cadiz solar (Arenosas, El Yarte, Guita and Malabrigo)) with projects in construction. The outstanding commitments are expected to be invested between 2022 and 2024.

Following 30th June, the Company completed the acquisition of a 7.8% stake in Hornsea One wind farm and has further committed to acquire an additional 2.4% stake.

 
                                                                                               Value once fully 
Name                    Expected completion date   Net MW  Status     Outstanding Commitment*  invested* 
Hornsea One tranche 1   July 22                    95      Operation  7%                       9% 
Hornsea One tranche 2   Q3 22                      29      Operation  2% 
 

*Expressed as a percentage of portfolio valuation once fully invested, which takes into account expenditure on construction projects.

Outstanding commitments in relation to Grönhult, Twin Peaks, Cadiz solar and Hornsea:

 
                                                                        H2 2022  2023  2024  Total 
Outstanding Commitments at 30 June 2022 (GBPm)                          324      64    24    412 
Investments commitments entered into between 1 July and 4 August 2022   76 
Investments made between 1 July and 4 August 2022                       (273) 
Outstanding commitments at 4 August 2022                                127      64    24    216* 
 

*Table does not cast due to rounding.

TRIG's Construction Assets

At the period-end TRIG had four investments comprising eight projects in construction as follows, representing 12% of the portfolio valuation once fully invested. The Company does not bear any construction risk in relation to the Cadiz solar assets and consequently, these are excluded from the construction limit.

The Company bears the construction risk on five of these projects which account for 8% of portfolio value against the construction limit of 25%.

 
Name of Asset              Location        Capacity (MW)  Expected Completion Date 
Vannier                    France (North)       40        Q3 2022 
Cadiz solar - Arenosas     Spain (South)        58        Q4 2022 
Cadiz solar - El Yarte     Spain (South)        58        Q4 2022 
Cadiz solar - Guita        Spain (South)        58        Q4 2022 
Cadiz solar - Malabrigo    Spain (South)        58        Q4 2022 
Grönhult              Sweden (SE3)         67        Q4 2022 
Twin Peaks - Ranasjö  Sweden (SE2)         43        2024 
Twin Peaks - Salsjö   Sweden (SE2)         78        2024 
 

The valuation of the portfolio on a fully invested basis can be derived by adding the valuation at 30 June 2022 and the expected outstanding commitments as follows:

 
Portfolio valuation at 30 June 2022                        GBP3,235.6m 
Investments made in July 2022*                             GBP273.3m 
Portfolio valuation at 30 June 22 + July 2022 investments  GBP3,508.9m 
Future investment commitments**                            GBP215.5m 
Portfolio valuation once fully invested                    GBP3,724.5m 
 

* Including completion of the Hornsea One Tranche 1, further construction spend at Cadiz solar projects and Grönhult wind farm

** Including Hornsea One Tranche 2, further construction spend at Cadiz solar projects, Grönhult, Ranasjö and Salsjö wind farms

2.7 Valuation Sensitivities

For each of the sensitivities (as shown below in Note 2), it is assumed that potential changes occur independently of each other with no effect on any other base case assumption, and that the number of investments in the portfolio remains static throughout the modelled life.

The sensitivities assume the portfolio is fully invested. As such the Portfolio Value for the sensitivity analysis is the sum of the Portfolio Valuation at 30 June 2022 (GBP3,235.6m) and the outstanding investment commitments as set out above, i.e. GBP3,724.5m.

Given the current macroeconomic environment, in addition to the sensitivities representing the changes in the long-term assumptions impacting the portfolio valuation, additional sensitivities representing short-term one-off changes in assumptions have also been considered for two key assumptions which have experienced significant changes in short term forecasts over the period.

For inflation an increase of 3% in annual inflation applied over the next 12 months would be expected to increase the portfolio valuation by GBP78m (equivalent to 2.8 pence per share), a 3% decrease for the next 12 months would be expected to reduce the portfolio valuation by GBP78m.

For power prices an increase of 10% applied to the applicable forecast curve for each market in which TRIG invests, applied for the next 5 years, is expected to increase the valuation by GBP99m (equivalent to 4.0 pence per share), a 10% decrease is expected to reduce the portfolio valuation by GBP99m. As noted on page 35 of the H1 2022 Interim Report, the average GB power price applicable over the period is GBP125/MWh and the average across the other European markets is EUR95/MWh.

2.8 Financing

The Group has a GBP600m ESG-linked revolving credit facility (which includes a GBP30m working capital element) with the Royal Bank of Scotland International, National Australia Bank, ING Bank NV, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, Santander and Barclays. The acquisition facility is used to fund acquisitions. The Group expanded the facility from GBP500m to GBP600m in March 2022. The facility expires on 31 December 2023 with the option to extend for up to an additional 24 months. This type of short-term financing is limited to 30% of the Portfolio Value. It is intended that any facility used to finance acquisitions is likely to be repaid, in normal market conditions, within a year through equity fundraisings and/or retained earnings.

The acquisition facility was undrawn at 30 June 2022 and GBP195m drawn as at the date of this report. This follows investing GBP273m during July 2022 with the majority of this investment being into the initial 7.8% stake in the Hornsea One offshore wind farm (other sources of funding the GBP273m July investment include remaining cash balances from the March equity fund raise and reinvestment of earnings from projects).

The acquisition facility was used to fund investments made in the period before being fully repaid following the equity fund raise in March and drawn again in July as explained above.

The majority of the projects within the Company's investment portfolio have underlying long-term debt (by value 61% of the Group's investments have project finance raised against them and 39% are ungeared (including construction commitments)).

The project-level gearing (aggregate project debt over aggregate enterprise value) across the portfolio was 40% as at 30 June 2022 on an invested basis and adjusted to include the investment into Hornsea One during Q3 2022 (and 39% on a fully committed investment basis). This is the same as the level as at 31 December 2021 (40%). Repayments of project-level debt and the valuation uplift in the period have reduced gearing, with acquisitions in the period offsetting the reduction. The largest addition in the period is the investment in the Hornsea One offshore wind farm which has project financing in place, to be fully repaid within the subsidy period.

There is a gearing limit in respect of such project finance debt, which is non-recourse to TRIG, of 50% of the Gross Portfolio Value (being the total enterprise value of the Group's portfolio companies), measured at the time the debt is drawn down or acquired as part of an investment. The Company may, in order to secure advantageous borrowing terms, secure a project finance facility over a group of portfolio companies.

The vast majority of the debt is fixed and has an average cost of 3.5% (including margin) reflecting the terms available on interest rate swaps when the project debt was initially put in place.

As at 30 June 2022, the Company had cash balances of GBP93m, excluding cash held in investment project companies as working capital or otherwise. This level has reduced to more usual levels of period end cash (GBP20m - GBP30m being more typical) as surplus cash is invested, as was the case during July.

03 Analysis of Financial Results

At 30 June 2022 the Group had investments in 85 projects(23) . As an investment entity for IFRS reporting purposes, detailed in Section 5, the Company carries these 85 investments at fair value. The results below are shown on a statutory and on an "expanded" basis as we have done in previous years. See the box below for further explanation.

 
Basis of preparation 
 In accordance with IFRS 10 the Group carries investments at fair value 
 as the Company meets the conditions of being an Investment Entity. 
 In addition, IFRS 10 states that investment entities should measure 
 their subsidiaries that are themselves investment entities at fair 
 value. Being investment entities, The Renewables Infrastructure Group 
 (UK) Limited ("TRIG UK") and The Renewables Infrastructure Group (UK) 
 Investments Limited ("TRIG UK I"), the Company's subsidiaries, through 
 which investments are purchased, are measured at fair value as opposed 
 to being consolidated on a line-by-line basis, meaning their cash, 
 debt and working capital balances are included as an aggregate number 
 in the fair value of investments rather than the Group's current assets. 
 In order to provide shareholders with more transparency into the Group's 
 capacity for investment, ability to make distributions, operating 
 costs and gearing levels, adjusted results have been reported in the 
 pro forma tables below. 
 The pro forma tables that follow show the Group's results for the 
 year ended 31 December 2021 and the prior year on a non-statutory 
 "Expanded basis", where TRIG UK and TRIG UK I are consolidated on 
 a line-by-line basis, compared to the Statutory IFRS financial statements 
 (the "Statutory IFRS basis"). 
 The Directors have provided the non-statutory Expanded basis to assist 
 users of the accounts in understanding the performance and position 
 of the Company, by including the cash and debt balances carried in 
 TRIG UK and TRIG UK I and expenses incurred in TRIG UK and TRIG UK 
 I. 
 The necessary adjustments to get from the Statutory IFRS basis to 
 the non-statutory Expanded basis are shown for the primary financial 
 statements. The commentary provided on the primary statements of TRIG 
 is on the Expanded Basis. 
Income Statement                Balance Sheet                   Cash Flow Statement 
 The Statutory IFRS basis        The Statutory IFRS basis        The Statutory basis shows 
 nets off TRIG UK and            includes TRIG UK and            cash movements for the 
 TRIG UK I's costs, including    TRIG UK I's cash, debt          top company only (TRIG 
 overheads, management           and working capital balances    Limited). The Expanded 
 fees and acquisition            as part of portfolio            basis shows the consolidated 
 costs against income.           value. The Expanded basis       cash movements above 
 The Expanded basis includes     shows these balances            the investment portfolio. 
 the expenses incurred           gross. There is no difference   Differences include income 
 within TRIG UK and TRIG         in net assets between           received by TRIG UK and 
 UK I to enable users            the Statutory IFRS basis        TRIG UK I applied to 
 of the accounts to fully        and the Expanded basis.         reinvestment and expenses 
 understand the Group's          The majority of cash            incurred by TRIG UK and 
 costs. There is no difference   generated from investments      TRIG UK I that are excluded 
 in profit before tax            had been passed up from         under the Statutory IFRS 
 or earnings per share           TRIG UK and TRIG UK I           basis. 
 between the two bases.          to the Company at both 
                                 30 June 2022 and 31 December 
                                 2021. 
                                 At 30 June 2022, TRIG 
                                 UK I was undrawn on its 
                                 revolving credit facility 
                                 (Dec 2021: GBP72.8m drawn). 
                                ------------------------------  ----------------------------- 
 

23 Hornsea One is not included as whilst the commitment to invest was made in March 2022, completion and investment occurred in July 2022 which was after the valuation date. As at 4th August following the completion of Hornsea One the Company had 86 investments.

Summary Income statement

 
                   Six months to 30 June 2022                        Six months to 30 June 2021 
                    GBP'million                                       GBP'million 
                   Statutory IFRS                                    Statutory IFRS 
                   Basis             Adjustments(1)  Expanded Basis  Basis              Adjustments(1)  Expanded Basis 
Operating income   444.1             16.6            460.7           10.5               14.7            25.2 
 Acquisition 
  costs            -                 (1.2)           (1.2)           -                  (1.1)           (1.1) 
Net operating 
 income            444.1             15.4            459.5           10.5               13.6            24.1 
Fund expenses      (1.1)             (12.1)          (13.2)          (0.9)              (11.0)          (11.8) 
Foreign exchange 
 gains/(losses)    (17.3)            (0.4)           (17.7)          27.2               0.4             27.6 
Finance costs      -                 (2.9)           (2.9)           -                  (3.1)           (3.1) 
 Profit before 
  tax              425.7             -               425.7           36.8               -               36.8 
 EPS(2)            17.9p                             17.9p           1.8p                               1.8p 
 

1. The following were incurred within TRIG UK and TRIG UK I; acquisition costs, the majority of expenses and acquisition facility fees and interest. The income adjustment offsets these cost adjustments.

2. Calculated based on the weighted average number of shares during the period being approximately 2,378.9 million shares.

Analysis of Expanded Basis financial results

Profit before tax for the six months to 30 June 2022 was GBP425.7 million, generating earnings per share of 17.9p, which compares to GBP36.8 million and earnings per share of 1.8p for the six months to 30 June 2021.

The EPS of 17.9p reflects significant valuation growth in the period. The valuation movement in the period to 30 June 2022 is mainly attributable to increases in power price forecasts and increases in the level of inflation adopted. In addition there has been small positive valuation growth from foreign exchange movements as sterling depreciated during the period. The valuation gain in the comparative period was small, largely as a result of the increase in UK corporation tax enacted in the Finance Act 2021, which adversely affected profit and valuation by GBP67.6m.

No reductions or increases to valuation discount rates were recognised in the period.

Operating Income reflects the portfolio value movement in the six months and is fully described in Section 2.6.

Acquisition costs relate to investments made in the period, being Valdesolar and Hornsea One. Whilst Hornsea One completed after the period, costs were incurred in the six months to 30 June 2022.

The increase in fund expenses as compared to H1 2021 reflects the increase in the size of the portfolio.

Fund expenses of GBP13.2 million (2021: GBP11.8 million) includes all operating expenses and GBP11.9 million (2021: GBP10.4 million) of fees paid to the Investment and Operations Managers. Management fees on additions are now levied at the lowest rate of 0.7% p.a. Management fees p.a. are charged at 1% of Adjusted Portfolio Value up to GBP1 billion, 0.8% of Adjusted Portfolio Value in excess of GBP1 billion, 0.75% of Adjusted Portfolio Value in excess of GBP2 billion and 0.7% of Adjusted Portfolio Value in excess of GBP3 billion as set out in more detail in the Related Party and Key Advisor Transactions note, Note 14 to the financial statements.

During the period sterling weakened, resulting in a foreign exchange valuation gain for non-UK assets of GBP31.5 million (2021: GBP39.4 million loss), partially offset by losses on foreign exchange hedges and cash and debt balances held at Company level of GBP17.7 million (2021: GBP27.6 million gain).

Finance costs relate to the interest and fees incurred relating to the Group's revolving credit facility. The finance costs in the period are similar to the comparative period.

Ongoing charges

 
                                            Six months to 30 June 2022  Six months to 30 June 2021 
Ongoing Charges (Expanded Basis)             GBP'000s                    GBP'000s 
Investment and Operations Management fees   11,861                      10,419 
Audit fees                                  192                         139 
Directors' fees and expenses                191                         156 
 Other ongoing expenses                     953                         819 
 Total expenses(1)                          13,198                      11,535 
Annualised equivalent                       26,615                      23,261 
Average net asset value                     3,018,107                   2,300,487 
 Ongoing Charges Percentage (OCP)           0.88%                       1.01% 
 

1. Total expenses exclude GBPnil (2021: GBP0.3 million) of lost bid costs incurred during the period.

The Ongoing Charges Percentage ("OCP") for the period is 0.88% (FY 2021: 1.01%). The ongoing charges have been calculated in accordance with AIC guidance and are defined as annualised ongoing charges (i.e. excluding acquisition costs and other non-recurring items) divided by the average published undiluted net asset value in the period. The OCP has been calculated on the Expanded Basis and therefore takes into consideration the expenses of TRIG UK and TRIG UK I as well as the Company's.

The decrease in OCP level reflects lower amounts being drawn on the Revolving Credit Facility (RCF) in the period versus the comparative period, the growth of the Company in the period meaning the Company's expenses are spread over a larger capital base and also the tiered Manager Fees that reduce as Portfolio Value grows and the increase in NAV recognised at 30 June 2022. There is no performance fee paid to any service provider.

Summary Balance sheet

 
                     As at 30 June 2022                               As at 31 December 2021 
                      GBP'million                                      GBP'million 
                     Statutory IFRS                                   Statutory IFRS 
                     Basis               Adjustments  Expanded Basis  Basis                Adjustments  Expanded Basis 
Portfolio value      3,227.3             8.3          3,235.6         2,636.8              89.0         2,725.8 
Working capital      3.8                 (7.3)        (3.5)           13.9                 (15.9)       (2.0) 
Hedging 
 Asset/(Liability)   6.3                 (1.3)        5.0             27.3                 (0.6)        26.7 
Debt                 -                   -            -               -                    (72.8)       (72.8) 
 Cash                92.6                0.3          92.9            28.2                 0.3          28.5 
 Net assets          3,330.0             -            3,330.0         2,706.2              -            2,706.2 
 Net asset value 
  per share          134.2p              -            134.2p          119.3p               -            119.3p 
 

Analysis of Expanded Basis financial results

Portfolio value grew by GBP509.8 million in the six months to GBP3,235.6 million, as a result of the investments made in the six months to 30 June 2022 and valuation gains as described more fully in the "Valuation of Portfolio" section of this Report.

Cash at 30 June 2022 was GBP92.9 million (Dec 2021: GBP28.5 million) and acquisition facility debt drawings were GBPnil (Dec 2021: GBP72.8m). Shortly after the period end, the surplus cash balance was deployed in investment activity.

Net assets grew by GBP623.8 million in the period to GBP3,330.0 million. The Company raised GBP274.3 million (after issue expenses) of new equity during the period and produced a GBP425.6 million profit in the period, with net assets being stated after accounting for dividends paid in the period (net of scrip take up) of GBP77.1 million. Other movements in net assets totalled GBP1.0 million, being Managers' shares accruing in H1 2022 and to be issued on or around 30 September 2022.

Net asset value ("NAV") per share as at 30 June 2022 was 134.2p compared to 119.3p at 31 December 2021.

Net asset value ("NAV") and Earnings per share ("EPS") reconciliation

 
                                            NAV per share  Shares in issue (million)  Net assets (GBP'million) 
Net assets at 31 December 2021              119.3p         2,268.1                    2,706.2 
Dividends paid in H1 2022(2)                (3.4)p         -                          (80.7) 
Profit/EPS to 30 June 2022(1)               17.9p          -                          425.6 
Scrip dividend take-up(3)                   -              2.8                        3.6 
Shares issued (net of costs)                0.4p           210.2                      274.3 
 H1 2022 Managers' shares to be issued(5)   -              0.7                        1.0 
 Net assets at 30 June 2022(4)               134.2p        2,481.8                    3,330.0 
 

1. Calculated based on the weighted average number of shares during the period being 2,378.9 million shares

2. 1.69p dividend paid 31 March 2022 related to Q4 2021 (GBP38.3 million) and 1.71p dividend paid 30 June 2022 related to Q1 2022 (GBP42.4 million).

3. Scrip dividend take-up comprises 1.8 million shares, equating to GBP2.2 million issued in lieu of dividends paid in March 2022 and 1.0 million shares, equating to GBP1.4 million issued in lieu of dividends paid in June 2022.

4. Balance may not sum as a result of rounding differences.

5. The 0.7m shares represent the 748,569 shares that relate to management fees earned in the six months to 30 June 2022 and are to be issued to the Managers on 30 September 2022.

Summary Cash flow statement

 
                         Six months to 30 June 2022                     Six months to 30 June 2021 
                          GBP'million                                    GBP'million 
                         Statutory IFRS                                 Statutory IFRS 
                         Basis             Adjustments  Expanded Basis  Basis              Adjustments  Expanded Basis 
Cash received from 
 investments             103.5             17.1         120.6           64.9               27.7         92.6 
 Operating and finance 
  costs                  (0.8)             (12.9)       (13.7)          (0.8)              (11.9)       (12.7) 
Cash flow from 
 operations              102.7             4.2          106.9           64.1               15.8         79.9 
Debt arrangement costs   -                 (0.3)        (0.3)           -                  (0.1)        (0.1) 
Foreign exchange 
 gains/(losses)          4.2               (1.7)        2.5             5.7                (3.9)        1.8 
Issue of share capital 
 (net of costs)          275.3             (0.9)        274.4           236.9              (1.0)        235.9 
Acquisition facility 
 drawn                   -                 (72.8)       (72.8)          -                  90.0         90.0 
Purchase of new 
 investments (including 
 acquisition costs)      (240.7)           71.5         (169.2)         (245.0)            (97.9)       (342.9) 
 Distributions paid      (77.1)            -            (77.1)          (62.4)             -            (62.4) 
Cash movement in period  64.4              -            64.4            (0.7)              2.9          2.2 
 Opening cash balance    28.2              0.3          28.5            23.1               0.8          23.9 
 Net cash at end of 
  period                 92.6              0.3          92.9            22.4               3.7          26.1 
 

Analysis of Expanded Basis financial results

Cash received from investments in the period was GBP120.6 million (June 2021: GBP92.6 million). The increase in cash received compared with the previous period reflects the increase in the size of the portfolio and stronger generation in the period versus the comparative period.

Dividends paid in the period totalled GBP77.1 million (net of GBP3.6m scrip dividends) and reflect dividends paid in the quarter ended 31 March 2022 (GBP36.1 million, net of GBP2.2 million scrip dividends) and the quarter ended 30 June 2022 (GBP41.0 million, net of GBP1.4 million scrip dividends). Dividends paid in the comparative period totalled GBP62.4million (net of GBP5.3 million scrip dividends).

Cash flow from operations in the period was GBP106.9 million (June 2021: GBP79.9 million) and covers dividends paid of GBP77.1 million in the period by 1.39 times (or 1.32 times without the benefit of scrip take-up), or 2.4 times before factoring in amounts invested in the repayment in project-level debt. The Group repaid GBP83.5 million of project-level debt (pro-rata to the Company's equity interest) in the period.

Share issue proceeds (net of costs) totalling GBP274.4 million (June 2021: GBP235.9 million) resulting from the issue of 210.1 million shares issued at 132p in March 2022.

The Company's acquisition facility was repaid in the period as a result of the March 2022 share raise, resulting in an undrawn Tranche 1 position at the reporting date. The acquisition facility was drawn shortly after the period to fund the completion of Hornsea One Tranche 1, and ongoing funding for assets under construction. GBP273.3m was invested in July which was funded by the acquisition facility and surplus cash, resulting in an acquisition facility balance at the reporting date of GBP195m.

In the period, GBP169.2 million was invested in acquisitions. These were funded through the March share raise.

Cash balances increased in the period by GBP64.4 million, reflecting cashflows generated that exceeded distributions paid as well as some remaining cash from the March 2022 fund raise not fully deployed that was invested in July 2022.

Going Concern

The Group has the necessary financial resources to meet its obligations for the foreseeable future. The Group benefits from a range of long-term contracts with various major UK and European utilities and well-established suppliers across a range of infrastructure projects. In addition, it maintains a working capital component of GBP30m as part of its revolving credit facility (recently increased to GBP600m and limited to 30% of Portfolio Value). The Group's project-level external debt is non-recourse to the Company and is limited to 50% of Gross Portfolio Value.

As a consequence, the Directors believe that the Group is well placed to manage its business risks successfully. The directors do not believe that there is a significant risk to the business as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic or current high rate of inflation but will continue to monitor any future developments. Thus, they continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing the interim financial statements.

For further information on going concern see note 2 in the Condensed Financial Statements.

Related Parties

Related party transactions are disclosed in note 15 to the condensed set of financial statements.

There have been no material changes in related party transactions described in the last annual report.

04 Statement of Directors' Responsibilities

We confirm that to the best of our knowledge:

1. The condensed set of financial statements has been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting; and

2. The Chairman's Statement and the Managers' Report meets the requirements of an Interim Managers' Report, and includes a fair review of the information required by

a. DTR 4.2.7R, being an indication of important events during the first six months and description of

principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the year; and

           b.    DTR 4.2.8R, being the disclosure of related parties' transactions and changes therein. 

By order of the Board

Helen Mahy

Chairman

4 August 2022

05 Condensed Financial Statements

5.0 Income Statement

Total operating income

 
                                                                       Six months ended 
                                            Six months ended            30 June 2021 
                                             30 June 2022 (unaudited)   (unaudited) 
                                      Note   GBP'000s                   GBP'000s 
Net gains/(losses) o investments      3     385,953                    (39,862) 
Dividend income                       3     -                          3,200 
 Interest income from investments     3     58,138                     47,202 
Total operating income                      444,091                    10,540 
 Fund expenses                        4     (1,144)                    (906) 
Operating profit                            442,947                    9,634 
 Finance and other (expense)/income   5     (17,315)                   27,176 
Profit before tax                           425,632                    36,810 
 Income tax                           6     -                          - 
 Profit after tax                     7     425,632                    36,810 
Attributable to: 
 Equity holders of the parent               425,632                    36,810 
                                            425,632                    36,810 
 Earnings per share (pence)           7     17.9p                      1.8p 
 

All results are derived from continuing operations. The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

There is no other comprehensive income or expense apart from those disclosed above and consequently a separate statement of comprehensive income has not been prepared.

5.0 Balance Sheet

 
                                                           As at           As at 
                                                             30 June 2022    31 December 2021 
                                                             (unaudited)     (audited) 
                                                     Note    GBP'000s        GBP'000s 
Non-current assets 
Investments at fair value through profit or loss     10    3,227,256       2,636,785 
 Trade and other receivables                         11    602             13,219 
 Total non-current assets                                  3,227,858       2,650,004 
Current assets 
Trade and other receivables                          11    10,098          28,306 
 Cash and cash equivalents                           12    92,623          28,229 
 Total current assets                                      102,721         56,535 
 Total assets                                              3,330,579       2,706,539 
Current liabilities 
 Trade and other payables                            13    (542)           (362) 
 Total current liabilities                                 (542)           (362) 
 
 Total liabilities                                         (542)           (362) 
 Net assets                                          9     3,330,037       2,706,177 
 
Equity 
Share capital and share premium                      14    2,767,562       2,488,594 
Other reserves                                       14    992             1,008 
 Retained reserves                                   14    561,483         216,575 
 Total equity attributable to owners of the parent   9     3,330,037       2,706,177 
 Net assets per Ordinary Share (pence)               9     134.2           119.3 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

The financial statements were approved and authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 04 August 2022, and signed

on its behalf by:

 
 
 
 Director:   Director: 
 

5.0 Statement of Changes in Shareholders' Equity

For the six months ended 30 June 2022

 
                                                                         Other 
                                        Share capital and share premium   reserves     Retained reserves  Total equity 
                                         (unaudited)                      (unaudited)   (unaudited)        (unaudited) 
                                         GBP'000s                         GBP'000s      GBP'000s           GBP'000s 
 Shareholders' equity at beginning of 
  period                                2,488,594                        1,008         216,575            2,706,177 
Profit for the period                   -                                -             425,633            425,633 
Dividends paid                          -                                -             (77,106)           (77,106) 
Scrip shares issued in lieu of 
 dividend                               3,618                            -             (3,618)            - 
Ordinary Shares issued                  277,338                          -             -                  277,338 
Costs of Ordinary Shares issued         (2,995)                          -             -                  (2,995) 
Ordinary Shares issued in year in lieu 
 of Management Fees, earned in H2 
 20211                                  1,008                            (1,008)       -                  - 
 Ordinary Shares to be issued in lieu 
  of Management Fees, earned in H1 
  20222                                 -                                992           -                  992 
 Shareholders' equity at 30 June 2022   2,767,5623                       992           561,4833           3,330,0373 
 

For the year ended 31 December 2021

 
                                      Share capital and share premium  Other reserves  Retained reserves  Total equity 
                                       (audited)                        (audited)       (audited)          (audited) 
                                       GBP'000s                         GBP'000s        GBP'000s           GBP'000s 
 Shareholders' equity at beginning 
  of year                             2,046,237                        1,005           147,629            2,194,871 
Profit for the year                   -                                -               210,462            210,462 
Dividends paid                        -                                -               (134,058)          (134,058) 
Scrip shares issued in lieu of 
 dividend                             7,458                            -               (7,458)            - 
Ordinary Shares issued                439,850                          -               -                  439,850 
Costs of Ordinary Shares issued       (6,948)                          -               -                  (6,948) 
Ordinary Shares issued in year in 
 lieu of Management Fees, earned in 
 H2 20204                             1,005                            (1,005)         -                  - 
Ordinary Shares issued in year in 
 lieu of Management Fees, earned in 
 H1 20215                             992                              -               -                  992 
 Ordinary Shares to be issued in 
  lieu of Management Fees, earned in 
  H2 20216                            -                                1,008           -                  1,008 
 Shareholders' equity at end of year  2,488,594                        1,008           216,575            2,706,177 
 

In line with the Investment Management Agreement and the Operations Management Agreement, 20 per cent of the management fees are to be settled in Ordinary Shares up to an Adjusted Portfolio Value of GBP1 billion.

1 The GBP1,008,219 transfer between reserves represents the 857,254 shares that relate to management fees earned in the six months to 31 December 2021 and were recognised in other reserves at 31 December 2021, and were issued to the Managers during the year, with the balance being transferred to share premium reserves on 31 March 2022.

2 The GBP991,781 addition to the share premium reserve represents the 748,569 shares that relate to management fees earned in the six months to 30 June 2022 and are to be issued to the Managers on 30 September 2022.

3 Amount may not cast due to rounding.

4 The GBP1,005,462 transfer between reserves represents the 885,012 shares that relate to management fees earned in the six months to 31 December 2020 and were recognised in other reserves as at 31 December 2020, and were issued to the Managers during the prior year, with the balance being transferred to share premium reserve on 31 March 2021.

5 The GBP991,778 addition to the share premium reserve represents the 880,719 shares that relate to management fees earned in the six months to 30 June 2021 and were issued to the Managers on 30 September 2021.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

5.0 Cash Flow Statement

 
                                                                Six months ended  Six months ended 
                                                                 30 June 2022      30 June 2021 
                                                                 (unaudited)       (unaudited) 
                                                          Note   GBP'000s          GBP'000s 
Cash flows from operating activities 
Profit before tax                                         7     425,632           36,810 
Adjustments for: 
(Gain)/loss on investments                                3     (385,953)         39,862 
Dividend income from investments                          3     -                 (3,200) 
Interest income from investments                          3     (58,138)          (47,202) 
Movement in other reserves relating to Managers' shares         (16)              (13) 
Movement in accrued share issue costs                           -                 15 
 Finance and other income/(expense)                       5     17,315            (27,176) 
Operating cash flow before changes in working capital           (1,160)           (904) 
 
Changes in working capital: 
Decrease/(increase) in receivables                              25                (14) 
 Increase in payables                                           180               176 
Cash flow from changes in working capital                       (955)             (742) 
 
Interest received from investments                              67,525            29,808 
Loan stock and equity repayments received                       34,488            31,897 
Dividends received from investments                             -                 3,200 
 Interest income from cash on deposit                           76                1 
 Net cash from operating activities                             101,134           64,164 
 
Cash flows from investing activities 
 Purchases of investments                                 10    (240,709)         (245,000) 
 Net cash used in investing activities                          (240,709)         (245,000) 
 
Cash flows from financing activities 
Proceeds from issue of share capital during period              278,346           240,855 
Costs in relation to issue of shares                            (2,996)           (3,996) 
 Dividends paid to shareholders                           8     (77,106)          (62,423) 
 Net cash from financing activities                             198,244           174,436 
 Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents           58,669            (6,400) 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period                28,229            23,116 
 Exchange gains on cash                                         5,725             5,709 
 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period                     92,623            22,424 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

5.0 Notes to the Condensed Financial Statements

   1.     General information 

The Renewables Infrastructure Group Limited ("TRIG" or the "Company") is a closed-ended investment company incorporated in Guernsey under Section 20 of the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008. The shares are publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange under a premium listing. Through its subsidiaries, The Renewables Infrastructure Group (UK) Limited ("TRIG UK"), and The Renewables Infrastructure Group (UK) Investments Limited ("TRIG UK I"), TRIG invests in mainly operational renewable energy generation projects, predominantly in onshore wind and solar PV segments, across the UK and Europe. The Company, TRIG UK, TRIG UK I and its portfolio of investments are known as the "Group".

The interim condensed unaudited financial statements of the Company (the "interim financial statements") as at and for the six months ended 30 June 2022 comprise only the results of the Company, as all of its subsidiaries are measured at fair value following the amendment to IFRS 10 as explained below in Note 2.

The condensed interim financial information has been prepared on the basis of the accounting policies, significant judgements, key assumptions and estimates as set out in the notes to the Group's annual financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2021.

The annual financial statements of the Company for the year ended 31 December 2021 were approved by the Directors on 17 February 2022 and are available from the Company's Administrator and on the Company's website http://trig-ltd.com/.

   2.   Key accounting policies 

Basis of preparation

The interim financial statements were approved and authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 4 August 2022.

The condensed set of financial statements included in this half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting ("IAS 34"), as adopted by the European Union ("EU") and in compliance with the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008. They should be read in conjunction with the annual financial statements of the Company for the year ended 31 December 2021, which are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRSs") as adopted by the EU and using the historical cost basis, except that the financial instruments classified at fair value through profit or loss are stated at their fair values and that the Company has applied the amendment to IFRS 10, as adopted by the EU and as described below.

The interim financial statements are presented in sterling, which is the Company's functional currency.

IFRS 10 states that investment entities should measure all of their subsidiaries that are themselves investment entities at fair value. Being investment entities, TRIG UK and TRIG UK I are measured at fair value as opposed to being consolidated on a line-by-line basis, meaning their cash, debt and working capital balances are included in the fair value of investments rather than the Group's current assets.

The Chief Operating Decision Maker (the "CODM") is of the opinion that the Group is engaged in a single segment of business, being investment in renewable energy assets to generate investment returns while preserving capital. The financial information used by the CODM to allocate resources and manage the Group presents the business as a single segment comprising a homogeneous portfolio. The CODM has been identified as the Board of Directors of the Company acting collectively.

The Company's financial performance does not suffer materially from seasonal fluctuations.

The initial difference between the transaction price and the fair value, derived from using the discounted cash flows methodology at the date of acquisition, is recognised only when observable market data indicates there is a change in a factor that market participants would consider in setting the price of that investment. For the period ended 30 June 2022 and the year ended 31 December 2021, there were no such differences. In addition, there was no material change on applying fair values between the date of acquisition and the reporting date for acquisitions in the period ended 30 June 2022 and 31 December 2021.

Going concern

The Group has the necessary financial resources to meet its obligations for at least the next 12 months following the date of this report. The Group benefits from a range of long-term contracts with various major UK and European utilities and well-established suppliers across a range of infrastructure projects. In addition, it maintains a working capital component of GBP30m as part of its revolving acquisition facility (currently sized at GBP600m and limited to 30% of Portfolio Value). The facility is available until 31 December 2023 with an option to extend. The facility was undrawn at 30 June 2022.

The Company has sufficient headroom on its revolving acquisition facility covenants. These covenants have been tested and relate to interest cover ratios and group gearing limits and the Company does not expect these covenants to be breached. The Company and its direct subsidiaries have a number of Guarantees, detailed in Note 16. These guarantees relate to certain obligations that may become due by the underlying investments over their useful economic lives. We do not anticipate these guarantees to be called in the next 12 months from the date of signing these financial statements and in many cases the potential obligations are insured by the underlying investments.

The project-level gearing (aggregate project debt over aggregate enterprise value) across the portfolio was 40% as at 30 June 2022 on an invested basis and adjusted to include the investment into Hornsea One during Q3 2022 (and 39% on a fully committed investment basis).

A cash balance of GBP92.6m at 30 June 2022 is held by the Company, with further amounts held in the Company's direct and indirect subsidiaries. In addition, the Company has a working capital facility on its revolving acquisition facility of GBP30m.

Further to the above, the Company has a number of outstanding commitments. These commitments can be fully covered by the Company's revolving credit facility.

The company is affected by climate-related risks and the Board consider these when they assess the company's ability to continue as a going concern. The company continues to monitor these risks.

As a consequence, the Directors believe that the Group is well placed to manage its business risks successfully. The directors do not believe that there is a significant risk to the business as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic but will continue to monitor any future developments.

Having performed the assessment of going concern, the Directors considered it appropriate to prepare the financial statements of the Company on a going concern basis. The Company has sufficient financial resources and liquidity and is well placed to manage business risks in the current economic environment (including but not limited to the conflict in Ukraine and current upward inflationary pressures) and can continue operations for a period of at least 12 months from the date of these financial statements.

Classification of financial instruments

 
                                                   30 June 
                                                    2022      31 December 2021 
                                                    GBP000s    GBP000s 
Financial assets 
Designated at fair value through profit or loss: 
   Investments                                     3,227,256  2,636,785 
    Other financial assets                         6,291      27,293 
 Financial assets at fair value                    3,233,547  2,664,078 
At amortised cost: 
   Trade and other receivables                     4,409      12,501 
    Cash and cash equivalents                      92,623     23,116 
 Financial assets at amortised cost                97,032     35,617 
Financial liabilities 
At amortised cost: 
    Trade and other payables                       542        293 
 Financial liabilities at amortised cost           542        293 
 

The Directors believe that the carrying values of all financial instruments are not materially different to their fair values.

Other financial assets represent the fair value of foreign exchange forward agreements in place at the period end.

Fair value hierarchy

The fair value hierarchy is defined as follows:

Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices)

Level 3: inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

 
                                                    As at 30 June 2022 
                                                    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3    Total 
                                                     GBP'000s   GBP'000s   GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
 Investments at fair value through profit or loss   -          -          3,227,256  3,227,256 
                                                    -          -          3,227,256  3,227,256 
 Other financial assets                             -          6,291      -          6,291 
                                                    -          6,291      -          6,291 
 
 
                                            As at 31 December 2021 
                                            Level 1    Level 2    Level 3    Total 
                                             GBP'000s   GBP'000s   GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
 Investments at fair value through profit 
  or loss                                   -          -          2,636,785  2,636,785 
                                            -          -          2,636,785  2,636,785 
 Other financial assets                     -          27,293     -          27,293 
                                            -          27,293     -          27,293 
 

Other financial assets represent the fair value of foreign exchange forward agreements in place at the period end.

Investments at fair value through profit or loss comprise the fair value of the investment portfolio, on which the sensitivity analysis is calculated, and the fair value of TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, the Company's subsidiaries being its cash, working capital and debt balances.

 
                                                    30 June 2022  31 December 2021 
                                                     GBP'000s      GBP'000s 
Portfolio value                                     3,235,634     2,725,805 
TRIG UK and TRIG UK I 
   Cash                                             290           225 
   Working capital                                  (11,076)      (19,345) 
    Debt1                                           2,408         (69,900) 
                                                    (8,378)       (89,020) 
 Investments at fair value through profit or loss   3,227,256     2,636,785 
 

1 Debt arrangement costs of GBP2,408k (2021: GBP2,927k) have been netted off the GBPnil (2021: GBP72.8m) debt drawn by TRIG UK and TRIG UK I.

Level 2

Valuation methodology

Fair value is based on price quotations from financial institutions active in the relevant market. The key inputs to the discounted cash flow methodology used to derive fair value include foreign currency exchange rates and foreign currency forward curves. Valuations are performed on a six-monthly basis every June and December for all financial assets and all financial liabilities.

Level 3

Valuation methodology

The Investment Manager has carried out fair market valuations of the investments as at 30 June 2022 and the Directors have satisfied themselves as to the methodology used, the discount rates and key assumptions applied, and the valuation. All investments are at fair value through profit or loss and are valued using a discounted cash flow methodology.

The fair value of investments has been calculated using a bifurcated methodology, whereby cash flows are discounted on the basis of the risk and return profile of the underlying cash flows.

The following economic assumptions were used in the discounted cash flow valuations at:

 
                                        30 June 2022                            31 December 2021 
Inflation applied to UK ROC Income      Actual, 6% (2022), 3.50% (2023), 2.75%  3.75% (2022), 3.50% (2023), 2.75% 
                                        (to 2030), 2% thereafter                until 2030, 2.00% thereafter 
Inflation applied to UK CfD Income      Actual, 5.25% (2022), 2.75% (2023), 2%  3% (2022), 2.75% (2023), 2.00% 
                                        thereafter                              thereafter 
UK inflation rates (UK power prices))   Actual, 6% (2022), 3.50% (2023), 2.75%  3.75% (2022), 3.50% (2023), 
                                         (to 2030), 2.25% thereafter 
                                                                                  2.75% thereafter 
 Ireland, France, Sweden, Germany and 
  Spain inflation rates                 Actual, 3% (2022), then 2%              2.00% 
 UK deposit interest rates              1.25% (to 2023), then 1.75%             0.25% to 2025, 1.25% thereafter 
 Ireland, France, Sweden, Germany and 
 Spain deposit interest rates           1% (to 2024), then 1.25%                0.0% to 2025, 0.25% thereafter 
 UK corporation tax rate                19% to April 2023, 25% thereafter       19% to April 2023, 25% thereafter 
 Ireland corporation tax rate           12.5% active rate, 25% passive rate     12.5% active rate, 25% passive rate 
 France corporation tax rate            25%                                     25% 
 Sweden corporation tax rate            20.6%                                   20.6% 
 Germany corporation tax rate           15.8%                                   15.8% 
 Spain corporation tax rate             25%                                     25% 
 Euro/sterling exchange rate            1.1613                                  1.1899 
 Energy yield assumptions               P50 case                                P50 case 
 

Valuation Sensitivities

Sensitivity analysis for key sources of estimation and uncertainty is produced to show the impact of changes in key assumptions adopted to arrive at the valuation. For each of the sensitivities, it is assumed that potential changes occur independently of each other with no effect on any other base case assumption, and that the number of investments in the portfolio remains static throughout the modelled life.

The sensitivities assume the portfolio is fully invested and hence the Portfolio Value for the sensitivity analysis is the sum of the Portfolio Valuation at 30 June 2022 (GBP3,235.6m), the outstanding investment commitments (GBP488.8m) including the investment in Hornsea One in July 2022 for the initial 7.8% completed in July and the additional 2.4% the Company committed to invest in July) bringing the portfolio value on a committed basis to GBP3,724.5m. A breakdown of the Company's commitments can be found in section 2.6.

Given the current macroeconomic environment, in addition to the sensitivities representing the changes in the long-term assumptions impacting the portfolio valuation, additional sensitivities representing short-term one-off changes in assumptions have also been considered for two key assumptions which have experienced significant changes in short term forecasts over the period.

For inflation an increase of 3% in annual inflation applied over the next 12 months would be expected to increase the portfolio valuation by GBP78m (equivalent to 2.8 pence per share), a 3% decrease for the next 12 months would be expected to reduce the portfolio valuation by GBP78m.

For power prices an increase of 10% applied to the applicable forecast curve for each market in which TRIG invests, applied for the next 5 years, is expected to increase the valuation by GBP99m (equivalent to 4.0 pence per share), a 10% decrease is expected to reduce the portfolio valuation by GBP99m. As noted on page 35 of the H1 2022 Interim Report, the average GB power price applicable over the period is GBP125/MWh and the average across the other European markets is EUR95/MWh.

The analysis below shows the sensitivity of the portfolio value (and its impact on NAV) to changes in key assumptions as follows:

Discount rates

The discount rates used for valuing each investment are based on market information and the current bidding experience of the Group and its Managers.

The weighted average valuation discount rate applied to calculate the portfolio valuation is 6.7% at 30 June 2022 (Dec 2021: 6.6%). An increase or decrease in this rate by 0.5% has the following effect on valuation.

 
Discount rate                    NAV/share impact  -0.5% change  Total Portfolio Value  +0.5% change  NAV/share impact 
 Directors' valuation - June 
  2022                           +4.7p             +GBP131.9m    GBP3,724.5m            -GBP122.8m    -4.4p 
 Directors' valuation - 
  December 2021                  +4.4p             +GBP111.7m    GBP2,957.0m            -GBP103.9m    -4.1p 
 

Power Price

The sensitivity considers a flat 10% movement in power prices for all years, i.e. the effect of adjusting the forecast electricity price assumptions in each of the jurisdictions applicable to the portfolio down by 10% and up by 10% from the base case assumptions for each year throughout the operating life of the portfolio.

A change in the forecast electricity price assumptions by plus or minus 10% has the following effect.

 
Power Price                        NAV/share impact  -10% change  Total Portfolio Value  +10% change  NAV/share impact 
 Directors' valuation - June 2022  -10.0p            -GBP279.3m   GBP3,724.5m            +GBP284.4m   10.2p 
 Directors' valuation - December 
  2021                             -8.1p             -GBP202.7m   GBP2,957.0m            +GBP200.8m   8.0p 
 

Energy Yield

The base case assumes a "P50" level of output. The P50 output is the estimated annual amount of electricity generation (in MWh) that has a 50% probability of being exceeded - both in any single year and over the long term - and a 50% probability of being underachieved. Hence the P50 is the expected level of generation over the long term.

The sensitivity illustrates the effect of assuming "P90 10-year" (a downside case) and "P10 10-year" (an upside case) energy production scenarios. A P90 10-year downside case assumes the average annual level of electricity generation that has a 90% probability of being exceeded over a 10-year period. A P10 10-year upside case assumes the average annual level of electricity generation that has a 10% probability of being exceeded over a 10-year period. This means that the portfolio aggregate production outcome for any given 10-year period would be expected to fall somewhere between these P90 and P10 levels with an 80% confidence level, with a 10% probability of it falling below that range of outcomes and a 10% probability of it exceeding that range. The sensitivity includes the portfolio effect, which reduces the variability because of the diversification of the portfolio. The sensitivity is applied throughout the life of each asset in the portfolio (even where this exceeds 10 years).

The table below shows the sensitivity of the portfolio value to changes in the energy yield applied to cash flows from project companies in the portfolio as per the terms P90, P50 and P10 explained above.

 
                                       P90 10 year          Total Portfolio      P10 10 year 
Energy Yield         NAV/share impact  exceedance           Value                exceedance           NAV/share impact 
 Directors' 
  valuation - June 
  2022               -16.1p            -GBP449.0m           GBP3,724.5m          +GBP495.0m           17.8p 
 Directors' 
  valuation - 
  December 2021      -13.9p            -GBP348.6m           GBP2,957.0m          +GBP381.3m           15.2p 
 

Inflation rates

The projects' income streams are principally a mix of subsidies, which are amended each year with inflation, and power prices, which the sensitivity assumes will move with inflation. The projects' management, maintenance and tax expenses typically move with inflation, but debt payments are generally fixed. This results in the portfolio returns and valuation being positively correlated to inflation.

The portfolio valuation assumes 6.0% p.a. inflation for the UK in 2022, 3.5% in 2023 and 2.75% thereafter and 3.0% in 2022 and 2.0% thereafter for each of Sweden, France, Germany, Ireland and Spain.

The sensitivity illustrates the effect of a 0.5% decrease and a 0.5% increase from the assumed annual inflation rates in the financial model for each year throughout the operating life of the portfolio.

 
Inflation assumption             NAV/share impact  -0.5% change  Total Portfolio Value  +0.5% change  NAV/share impact 
 Directors' valuation - June 
  2022                           -4.8p             -GBP134.0m    GBP3,724.5m            +GBP156.7m    5.6p 
 Directors' valuation - 
  December 2021                  -4.3p             -GBP107.7m    GBP2,957.0m            +GBP115.4m    4.6p 
 

Operating costs

The sensitivity shows the effect of an illustrative 10% decrease and a 10% increase to the base case for annual operating costs for the portfolio, in each case assuming that the change to the base case for operating costs occurs with effect from 1 July 2022 and that change to the base case remains reflected consistently thereafter during the life of the projects.

 
Operating costs                    NAV/share impact  -10% change  Total Portfolio Value  +10% change  NAV/share impact 
 Directors' valuation - June 2022  +5.7p             +GBP157.5m   GBP3,724.5m            -GBP157.7m   -5.7p 
 Directors' valuation - December 
  2021                             +5.2p             +GBP129.5m   GBP2,957.0m            -GBP130.7m   -5.2p 
 

Taxation rates

The profits of each project company are subject to corporation tax in their home jurisdictions at the applicable rates (the tax rates adopted in the valuation are set out in Note 2 to the financial statements). The tax sensitivity looks at the effect on the Directors' valuation of changing the tax rates by +/- 2% each year in each jurisdiction and is provided to show that tax can be a material variable in the valuation of investments. The sensitivities incorporate the impact of portfolio level reliefs.

 
Taxation rates                       NAV/share impact  -2% change  Total Portfolio Value  +2% change  NAV/share impact 
 Directors' valuation - June 2022    +2.6p             +GBP72.0m   GBP3,724.5m            -GBP61.5m   -2.2p 
 Directors' valuation - December 
  2021                               +1.7p             +GBP43.5m   GBP2,957.0m            -GBP43.8m   -1.7p 
 

Interest rates

This shows the sensitivity of the portfolio valuation to the effects of a reduction of 1% and an increase of 2% in interest rates. The change is assumed with effect from 1 July 2022 and continues unchanged throughout the life of the assets.

The portfolio is relatively insensitive to changes in interest rates. This is an advantage of TRIG's approach of favouring long-term structured project financing (over shorter-term corporate debt) which is secured with the substantial majority of this debt having the benefit of long-term interest rate swaps which fix the interest cost to the projects.

The portfolio sensitivity to interest rates is assessed asymmetrically, noting that there is limited capacity for further interest rate reductions.

 
Interest rates                       NAV/share impact  -1% change  Total Portfolio Value  +2% change  NAV/share impact 
 Directors' valuation - June 2022    -0.0p             -GBP0.9m    GBP3,724.5m            +GBP2.1m    0.1p 
 Directors' valuation - December 
  2021                               -0.1p             -GBP2.5m    GBP2,957.0m            +GBP0.8m    0.0p 
 

Currency rates

The sensitivity shows the effect of a 10% decrease (euro weakens relative to sterling) and a 10% increase (euro strengthens relative to sterling) in the value of the euro relative to sterling used for the 30 June 2022 valuation (based on a 30 June 2022 exchange rate of EUR1.1613 to GBP1). In each case it is assumed that the change in exchange rate occurs from 1 July 2022 and thereafter remains constant at the new level throughout the life of the projects.

At the period end, 40% of the committed portfolio was located in Sweden, France, Germany, Ireland and Spain comprising euro-denominated assets.

The Group enters into forward hedging of the expected euro distributions for up to 48 months ahead and in addition placed further hedges to reach a position where at least 60% of the valuation of euro-denominated assets is hedged. The hedge reduces the sensitivity of the portfolio value to foreign exchange movements and accordingly the impact is shown net of the benefit of the foreign exchange hedge in place. The value of the outstanding commitments on Grönhult, Ranasjö, Salsjö and the Cadiz solar projects (Arenosas, El Yarte, La Guita and Malabrigo) are included in this sensitivity. A 60% hedge is assumed for the sensitivity below. Typical hedge levels for the Company have been between approximately 60-80%.

 
Currency rates                     NAV/share impact  -10% change  Total Portfolio Value  +10% change  NAV/share impact 
 Directors' valuation - June 2022  -1.9p             -GBP52.3m    GBP3,724.5m            +GBP52.3m    1.9p 
 Directors' valuation - December 
  2021                             -1.8p             -GBP44.0m    GBP2,957.0m            +GBP44.0m    1.8p 
 

The euro/sterling exchange rate sensitivity does not attempt to illustrate the indirect influences of currencies on UK power prices which are interrelated with other influences on power prices.

Asset Lives

Assumptions adopted in the year-end valuation typically range from 25 to 40 years from the date of commissioning, with an average of 30 years for the wind portfolio and 38 years for the solar portfolio. The overall average across the portfolio at 30 June 2022 is 30 years (31 December 2021: 30 years).

The sensitivity below shows the impact on the valuation of assuming all assets within the portfolio have a year longer and a year shorter asset life assumed.

 
Asset Lives                  NAV/share impact  -1 year change  Total Portfolio Value  +1 year change  NAV/share impact 
 Directors' valuation - 
  June 2022                  -1.1p             -GBP30.8m       GBP3,724.5m            +GBP29.5m       1.1p 
 Directors' valuation - 
  December 2021              -1.0p             -GBP25.6m       GBP2,957.0m            +GBP23.3m       0.9p 
 
   3.   Total operating income 
 
                                    For period ended  For period ended 
                                     30 June           30 June 
                                     2022              2021 
                                     GBP'000s          GBP'000s 
Gain/(loss) on investments          385,953           (39,862) 
Dividend income                     -                 3,200 
 Interest income from investments   58,138            47,202 
 Total operating income             444,091           10,540 
 
   4.   Fund expenses 
 
                                                         For period ended  For period ended 
                                                          30 June           30 June 
                                                          2022              2021 
                                                          GBP'000s          GBP'000s 
Fees payable to the Company's auditor: 
   For the audit of the Company's financial statements   95                70 
   For audit-related assurance services                  52                48 
Investment and management fees                           99                99 
Directors' fees                                          184               156 
 Other costs                                             714               533 
 Fund expenses                                           1,144             906 
 

On the Expanded basis, fund expenses are GBP13,194k (Jun 2021: GBP11,784k); the difference being the costs incurred within TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, the Company's subsidiaries. The reconciliation from the Statutory IFRS basis to the Expanded basis is shown in the Analysis of Financial Results section on page 43 of the H1 2022 Interim Report.

The Company had no employees during the current or prior period. The Company has appointed the Investment Manager and the Operations Manager to advise on the management of the portfolio, the Company and its subsidiaries, on its behalf. Audit-related services are solely in relation to the interim review of the half-yearly financial statements.

   5.   Finance and other (expense)/income 
 
                                                 For period ended  For period ended 
                                                  30 June           30 June 
                                                  2022              2021 
                                                  GBP'000s          GBP'000s 
Interest income: 
 Interest on bank deposits                       76                1 
 Total finance income                            76                1 
(Loss)/gain on foreign exchange: 
Realised gain on settlement of FX forwards       3,611             5,709 
Fair value (loss)/gain of FX forward contracts   (21,001)          21,468 
 Other foreign exchange losses                   (1)               (2) 
 Total (loss)/gain foreign exchange              (17,391)          27,175 
 Finance and other (expense)/income              (17,315)          27,176 
 

On the Expanded basis, finance income is GBP76k (Jun 2021: GBP1k) and finance costs are GBP2,932k (Jun 2021: GBP3,131k); the difference being the Group's acquisition facility costs which are incurred within TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, the Company's subsidiaries.

The gain on foreign exchange on the Expanded basis is GBP17,698k (Jun 2021: gain of GBP27,569k). The reconciliation from the Statutory IFRS basis to the Expanded basis, which includes a large FX movement within TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, the Company's subsidiaries, is shown in the Analysis of Financial Results section on page 43 of the H1 2022 Interim Report.

   6.   Income tax 

Under the current system of taxation in Guernsey, the Company is exempt from paying taxes on income, profits or capital gains. Therefore, income from investments is not subject to any further tax in Guernsey, although these investments will bear tax in the individual jurisdictions in which they operate.

   7.   Earnings per share 

Earnings per share ("EPS") is calculated by dividing the profit attributable to equity shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Ordinary Shares in issue during the period.

 
                                                              30 June     30 June 
                                                               2022        2021 
Profit attributable to equity holders of the Company ('000)   GBP425,632  GBP36,810 
Weighted average number of Ordinary Shares in issue ('000)    2,378,853   2,009,262 
 Earnings per Ordinary Share (Pence)                          17.9p       1.8p 
 

Further details of shares issued in the period are set out in Note 14.

   8.   Dividends 
 
                                                                           30 June    31 December 
                                                                            2022       2021 
                                                                            GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
Amounts recognised as distributions to equity holders during the period: 
Interim dividend for the 3 months ended 31 December 2020 of 1.69p                     32,167 
Interim dividend for the 3 months ended 31 March 2021 of 1.69p                        35,508 
Interim dividend for the 3 months ended 30 June 2021 of 1.69p                         35,548 
Interim dividend for the 3 months ended 30 September 2021 of 1.69p                    38,293 
Interim dividend for the 3 months ended 31 December 2021 of 1.69p          38,316 
 Interim dividend for the 3 months ended 31 March 2022 of 1.71p            42,407 
                                                                           80,723     141,516 
 Dividends settled as a scrip dividend alternative                         3,618      7,458 
 Dividends settled in cash                                                 77,105     134,058 
                                                                           80,723     141,516 
 

On 1 August 2022, the Company declared an interim dividend of 1.71 pence per share for the three-month period ended 30 June 2022. The dividend, which is payable on 30 September 2022, is expected to total GBP42,425,155, based on a record date of 11 August 2022 and the number of shares in issue being 2,481,003,209.

   9.   Net assets per Ordinary Share 
 
                                                                                            30 June       31 December 
                                                                                             2022          2021 
 Shareholders' equity at balance sheet date ('000)                                          GBP3,330,037  GBP2,706,177 
 Number of shares at balance sheet date, including management shares accrued but not yet 
  issued 
  ('000)                                                                                    2,481,752     2,268,104 
 Net Assets per Ordinary Share at balance sheet date (Pence)                                134.2p        119.3p 
 

In line with the Investment Management Agreement and the Operations Management Agreement, 20 per cent of the management fees are to be settled in Ordinary Shares up to an Adjusted Portfolio Value of GBP1 billion.

Shares are issued to the Investment Manager and the Operations Manager twice a year in arrears, usually in March and September for the half year ending December and June, respectively.

As at 31 December 2021, 857,254 shares equating to GBP1,008,219, based on a Net Asset Value ex dividend of 117.61 pence per share (the Net Asset Value at 31 December 2021 of 119.3 pence per share less the interim dividend of 1.69 pence per share) were due but had not been issued. The Company issued these shares on 31 March 2022.

As at 30 June 2022, 748,569 shares equating to GBP991,781, based on a Net Asset Value ex dividend of 132.49 pence per share (the Net Asset Value at 30 June 2022 of 134.2 pence per share less the interim dividend of 1.71 pence per share) were due but had not been issued. The Company intends to issue these shares around 30 September 2022.

In view of this, the denominator in the above Net assets per Ordinary Share calculation is as follows:

 
                                                                              30 June    31 December 
                                                                                2022       2021 
                                                                               000s       000s 
Ordinary Shares in issue at balance sheet date                                2,481,003  2,267,246 
 Number of shares to be issued in lieu of Management fees                     749        857 
 Total number of shares used in Net Assets per Ordinary Share calculation 1   2,481,752  2,268,104 
 

1 Balance may not cast due to rounding

10. Investments at fair value through profit or loss

Investments at fair value through profit or loss is the sum of the portfolio valuation and the carrying amount of TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, the Company's subsidiaries.

 
                                    30 June    31 December 
                                     2022       2021 
                                     GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
Brought forward                     2,636,785  2,160,946 
Investments in the period           240,709    452,289 
Distributions paid to the Company   (102,013)  (149,522) 
Dividend income                     -          4,900 
Interest income from investments    65,822     99,397 
 Gain on valuation                  385,953    68,775 
 Carried forward                    3,227,256  2,636,785 
 

The following information is non-statutory. It provides additional information to users of the financial statements, splitting the fair value movements between the investment portfolio and TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, the Company's subsidiaries.

 
                                                          30 June    31 December 
                                                           2022       2021 
                                                           GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
Fair value of investment portfolio 
Brought forward value of investment portfolio             2,725,805  2,213,030 
Investments in the year                                   168,635    478,928 
Distributions paid to the Company                         (119,082)  (169,447) 
Interest income                                           42,020     75,167 
Dividend income                                           13,720     33,928 
 Gain on valuation                                        404,536    94,199 
 Carried forward value of investment portfolio            3,235,634  2,725,805 
Fair value of TRIG UK & TRIG UK I 
Brought forward value of TRIG UK & TRIG UK I              (89,020)   (52,083) 
Cash movement                                             65         (512) 
Working capital movement                                  8,269      (2,135) 
 Debt movement1                                           72,308     (34,290) 
 Carried forward value of TRIG UK & TRIG UK I             (8,378)    (89,020) 
 Total investments at fair value through profit or loss   3,227,256  2,636,785 
 

1 Debt arrangement costs of GBP2,408k (Dec 2021: GBP2,927k) have been netted off the GBP0nil (Dec 2021: GBP72.8m) debt drawn by TRIG UK and TRIG UK I.

The gains on investment are unrealised.

The SPVs (Project companies) in which the company invests are generally restricted on their ability to transfer funds to the Company under the terms of their individual senior funding arrangements. Significant restrictions include:

   -      Historic and projected debt service and loan life cover ratios exceed a given threshold; 
   -      Required cash reserve account levels are met; 

- Senior lenders have agreed the current financial model that forecasts the economic performance of the project company;

   -      The Project company is in compliance with the terms of its senior funding arrangements; and 
   -      Senior lenders have approved the annual budget for the company. 

Details of investments recognised at fair value through profit or loss were as follows:

 
                                                   30 June 2022                     31 December 2021 
Investments (project name)   Country               Equity  Subordinated loan stock  Equity  Subordinated loan stock 
TRIG UK                      UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
TRIG UK I                    UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Roos                         UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
The Grange                   UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Hill of Towie                UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Green Hill                   UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Forss                        UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Altahullion                  UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Lendrums Bridge              UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Lough Hill                   UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Milane Hill                  Republic of Ireland   100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Beennageeha                  Republic of Ireland   100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Haut Languedoc               France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Haut Cabardes                France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Cuxac Cabardes               France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Roussas-Claves               France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Puits Castan                 France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Churchtown                   UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
East Langford                UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Manor Farm                   UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Parsonage                    UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Marvel Farms                 UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Tamar Heights                UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Stour Fields                 UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Meikle Carewe                UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Tallentire                   UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Parley                       UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Egmere                       UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Penare                       UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Earlseat                     UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Taurbeg                      Republic of Ireland   100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Four Burrows                 UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Rothes 2                     UK                    49%     49%                      49%     49% 
Mid Hill                     UK                    49%     49%                      49%     49% 
Paul's Hill                  UK                    49%     49%                      49%     49% 
Rothes 1                     UK                    49%     49%                      49%     49% 
Crystal Rig 1                UK                    49%     49%                      49%     49% 
Crystal Rig 2                UK                    49%     49%                      49%     49% 
Broussan                     France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Plateau                      France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Borgo                        France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Olmo 2                       France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Chateau                      France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Pascialone                   France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Santa Lucia                  France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Agrinergie 1&3               France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Agrinergie 5                 France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Agrisol                      France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Chemin Canal                 France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Ligne des 400                France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Logistisud                   France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Marie Galante                France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Sainte Marguerite            France                48.9%   100%                     48.9%   100% 
Freasdail                    UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
FVP du Midi                  France                51.0%   100%                     51.0%   100% 
Neilston                     UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Garreg Lwyd                  UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Broxburn                     UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Sheringham Shoal             UK                    14.7%   14.7%                    14.7%   14.7% 
Pallas                       Republic of Ireland   100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Solwaybank                   UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Montigny                     France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Rosieres                     France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Jadraas                      Sweden                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Venelle                      France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Fujin                        France                41.9%   100%                     41.9%   100% 
Epine                        France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Little Raith                 UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Gode Wind 1                  Germany               25%     25%                      25%     25% 
Blary Hill                   UK                    100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Merkur                       Germany               24.6%   24.6%                    24.6%   24.6% 
Haut Vannier                 France                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
East Anglia 1                UK                    14.3%   14.3%                    14.3%   14.3% 
Beatrice                     UK                    17.5%   17.5%                    17.5%   17.5% 
Grönhult                Sweden                100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Ranasjö                 Sweden                50%     50%                      50%     50% 
Salsjö                  Sweden                50%     50%                      50%     50% 
Krange                       Sweden                50%     50%                      50%     50% 
Arenosas                     Spain                 100%    100%                     100%    100% 
El Yarte                     Spain                 100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Guita                        Spain                 100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Malabrigo                    Spain                 100%    100%                     100%    100% 
Arcos                        Spain                 100%    100%                     -       - 
Valdesolar                   Spain                 100%    100%                     -       - 
 
 
                                       30 June 2022          31 December 2021 
                                                  Mezzanine             Mezzanine 
Investments (project name)   Country   Ownership   debt      Ownership   debt 
Phoenix                      France    -          100%       -          100% 
 

In March 2022 the company exchanged contracts to acquire a 7.8% equity interest in the Hornsea One offshore wind farm in the UK from Global Infrastructure Partners. The acquisition was not completed within the period to 30 June 2022 and has therefore not been included in the valuation. The acquisition was completed on 21 July 2022.

On 19 July 2022, the Company exchanged contracts to acquire a further 2.4% equity interest in the Hornsea One offshore wind farm from Global Infrastructure Partners (from whom the Company announced the acquisition of its original stake on 17 March 2022).

Also, in March 2022 the company acquired a 49% equity interest in Project Valdesolar, an operating solar park in the province of Badajoz, Spain from Repsol, a Spanish-listed global energy company. Valdesolar represents approximately 3% of TRIG's portfolio, by value. Together with the Cadiz solar projects, this acquisition further enhances TRIG's technological and geographical diversification.

In the period TRIG made additional investments in Pisa and Twin Peaks to fund their respective construction programmes, in line with outstanding commitments.

11. Trade and other receivables

 
                                                                30 June    31 December 
                                                                 2022       2021 
                                                                 GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
Trade and other receivables                                     4,409      14,232 
 Fair value of FX forward contracts expiring within 12 months   5,689      14,074 
 Total current receivables                                      10,098     28,306 
 
 Fair value of FX forward contracts expiring after 12 months    602        13,219 
                                                                10,700     41,525 
 

The Company has entered into forward foreign currency contracts to hedge the expected euro distributions up to a maximum of 48 months. In addition, the Company places further hedges and aims to reach a position where 60%-80% of the valuation of euro-denominated assets is hedged, providing a partial offset to foreign exchange movements in the portfolio value relating to such assets.

The following table details the forward foreign currency contracts outstanding as at 30 June 2022. The total euro balance hedged at

30 June 2022 was EUR1,096.9m (Dec 2021: EUR747.5m).

 
                          Average 
                           exchange  Foreign currency  Notional value  Fair value 
                           rate       EUR'000s          GBP'000s        GBP'000s 
Less than 3 months        1.1153     80,000            71,703          2,580 
3 to 6 months             1.1262     150,100           133,533         3,384 
6 to 12 months            1.1285     315,000           281,440         3,225 
 Greater than 24 months   1.1279     551,800           490,945         (2,898) 
                          1.1220     1,096,900         977,622         6,291 
 

As at the period end, the valuation on the foreign exchange derivatives consisted of a receivable from Natwest Markets Plc and National Australia Bank Limited and a payable to Santander UK PLC and to Barclays PLC. At 30 June 2022 Natwest Markets Plc had an S&P credit rating of A/Stable, National Australia Bank Limited had an S&P credit rating of AA-/Stable, Santander UK PLC had an S&P credit rating of A/Stable and Barclays Bank PLC had an S&P credit rating of A/Positive.

12. Cash and cash equivalents

 
                             30 June    31 December 
                              2022       2021 
                              GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
 Bank balances               92,623     28,229 
 Cash and cash equivalents   92,623     28,229 
 

On the Expanded basis, which includes balances carried in TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, cash is GBP92,913k (2021: GBP28,454k). The reconciliation from the IFRS basis to the Expanded basis is shown in section 3.

As at the period end, cash and cash equivalents on the Expanded basis consisted of GBP42,500k held with Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation Europe Limited, GBP42,500k with ING Bank NV and GBP7,913k held with Royal Bank of Scotland International Limited. At 30 June 2022 Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation Europe Limited had an S&P credit rating of A/Stable, ING Bank NV had an S&P credit rating of A+/Stable and Royal Bank of Scotland International Limited had an S&P credit rating of A-/Stable.

13. Trade and other payables

 
                            30 June    31 December 
                             2022       2021 
                             GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
Management fees1            50         50 
 Trade and other payables   492        312 
                            542        362 
 
   1              For related party and key advisor transactions see note 15. 

14. Share capital and reserves

 
                                         Ordinary Shares  Ordinary Shares 
                                          30 June          31 December 
                                          2022             2021 
                                          '000s            '000s 
Opening balance                          2,267,247        1,903,403 
Issued for cash                          210,105          356,290 
Issued as a scrip dividend alternative   2,795            5,788 
 Issued in lieu of management fees       857              1,766 
 Total issued - fully paid(1)            2,481,003        2,267,247 
 
   1.             Figures may not cast due to rounding. 

On 24 March 2022, the Company issued 210,104,535 shares raising GBP277,337,986 before costs.

The Company issued 2,795,005 shares in relation to scrip take-up as an alternative to dividend payments in relation to the dividends paid in the period.

The holders of the 2,481,003,209 (Dec 2021: 2,267,246,415) Ordinary Shares are entitled to receive dividends as declared from time to time and are entitled to one vote per share at meetings of the Company. The Company shares are issued at nil par value.

Share capital and share premium

 
                                  30 June    31 December 
                                   2022       2021 
                                   GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
Opening balance                   2,488,594  2,046,237 
Ordinary Shares issued            281,963    449,305 
 Cost of Ordinary Shares issued   (2,995)    (6,948) 
 Closing balance                  2,767,562  2,488,594 
 

Other reserves

 
                                                          30 June    31 December 
                                                           2022       2021 
                                                           GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
Opening balance                                           1,008      1,005 
Shares to be issued in lieu of management fees incurred 
 in H1 2021 (Note 16)                                     -          992 
Shares to be issued in lieu of management fees incurred 
 in H2 2021 (Note 16)                                     -          1,008 
Shares to be issued in lieu of management fees incurred 
 in H1 2022 (Note 16)                                     992 
 Shares issued in the period, transferred to share 
  premium                                                 (1,008)    (1,997) 
 Closing balance                                          992        1,008 
 

Retained reserves

Retained reserves comprise retained earnings, as detailed in the statement of changes in shareholders' equity.

15. Related party and key advisor transactions

Loans to related parties:

 
                                                                                            30 June    31 December 
                                                                                             2022       2021 
                                                                                             GBP'000s   GBP'000s 
Short-term balance outstanding on accrued interest receivable                               3,349      13,147 
Short-term balance outstanding from TRIG UK, in relation to Management fees to be settled 
 in shares2                                                                                 992        1,008 
 Long-term loan stock to TRIG UK and TRIG UK I1                                             1,860,653  1,671,894 
                                                                                            1,864,994  1,686,049 
 

1 Included within Investments at fair value through profit or loss on the Balance Sheet

2 Included within Trade and other receivables on the Balance Sheet

During the period, interest totalling GBP58,138k (Jun 2021: GBP47,202k) was earned in respect of the long-term interest-bearing loan between the Company and its subsidiaries TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, of which GBP3,349k (2021: GBP28,602k) was receivable at the balance sheet date.

Key advisor transactions

The Group's Investment Manager (InfraRed Capital Partners Limited) and Operations Manager (Renewable Energy Systems Limited) are entitled to 65 per cent and 35 per cent, respectively, of the aggregate management fee (see below), payable quarterly in arrears.

The aggregate management fee payable to the Investment Manager and the Operations Manager is 1 per cent of the Adjusted Portfolio Value in respect of the first GBP1 billion of the Adjusted Portfolio Value, 0.8 per cent in respect of the Adjusted Portfolio Value between GBP1 billion and GBP2 billion, 0.75 per cent in respect of the Adjusted Portfolio Value between GBP2 billion and GBP3 billion and 0.70 per cent in respect of the Adjusted Portfolio Value in excess of GBP3 billion. These fees are payable by TRIG UK, less the proportion that relates solely to the Company, the advisory fees, which are payable by the Company.

The advisory fees payable to the Investment Manager and the Operations Manager in respect of the advisory services they provide to the Company are GBP130k per annum and GBP70k per annum, respectively. The advisory fees charged to the Company are included within the total fee amount charged to the Company and its subsidiary, TRIG UK as set out above. The Investment Manager advisory fee charged to the income statement for the period was GBP64k (Jun 2021: GBP64k), of which GBP32k (Jun 2021: GBP32k) remained payable in cash at the balance sheet date. The Operations Manager advisory fee charged to the income statement for the year was GBP35k (Jun 2021: GBP35k), of which GBP18k (Jun 2021: GBP18k) remained payable in cash at the balance sheet date.

The Investment Manager management fee charged to TRIG UK for the period was GBP7,645k (Jun 2021: GBP6,708k), of which GBP3,615k (Dec 2021: GBP2,484k) remained payable in cash at the balance sheet date. The Operations Manager management fee charged to TRIG UK for the period was GBP4,117k (2021: GBP3,612k), of which GBP1,946k (2021: GBP2,069k) remained payable in cash at the balance sheet date.

In addition, the Operations Manager received GBP5,580k (Jun 2021: GBP6,708k) for services in relation to Asset Management, Operation and Maintenance and other services provided to project companies within the investment portfolio, and GBPnil (June 2021: GBP65k) for additional advisory services provided to TRIG UK, neither of which are consolidated in these financial statements.

In line with the Investment Management Agreement and the Operations Management Agreement, 20 per cent of the Group's aggregate management fees up to an Adjusted Portfolio Value of GBP1 billion are to be settled in Ordinary Shares. The shares issued to the Managers by the Company relate to amounts due to the Managers by TRIG UK. Accordingly, TRIG UK reimburses the Company for the shares issued.

On 31 March 2022, the Company issued 857,254 shares, equating to GBP1,008,219, based on a Net Asset Value ex dividend of

117.61 pence per share (the Net Asset Value as at 31 December 2021 of 119.3 pence per share less the interim dividend of 1.69 pence per share), in respect of management fees earned in H2 2021.

As at 30 June 2022, 748,569 shares equating to GBP991,781, based on a Net Asset Value ex dividend of 132.49 pence per share (the Net Asset Value as at 30 June 2022 of 134.2 pence per share less the interim dividend of 1.71 pence per share) were due but had not been issued. The Company intends to issue these shares around 30 September 2022.

The Directors of the Company received fees for their services. Total fees for the Directors for the period were GBP183,740 (Jun 2021: GBP156,000). Directors' expenses of GBP7,019 (Jun 2021: GBPnil) were also paid in the period.

All of the above transactions were undertaken on an arm's length basis.

16. Guarantees and other commitments

As at 30 June 2022, the Company and its subsidiaries had provided GBP163.4m (Dec 2021: GBP177.0m) in guarantees in relation to projects in the TRIG portfolio.

The Company also guarantees the revolving acquisition facility, entered into by TRIG UK and TRIG UK I, which it may use to acquire further investments.

As at 30 June 2022 the Company has GBP412.8m of future investment obligations (Dec 2021: GBP231.2m). Following investments made in July, outstanding commitments at 4 August 2022 have reduced to GBP216m.

The Company and its subsidiaries have issued decommissioning and other similar guarantee bonds with a total value of GBP22.8m (Dec 2021: GBP22.8m).

17. Contingent consideration

The Group has performance-related contingent consideration obligations of up to GBP0.5m (Dec 2021: GBP1.8m) relating to acquisitions completed prior to 30 June 2022. These payments depend on the performance of certain wind farms and other contracted enhancements. The valuation of the investments in the portfolio does not assume that these enhancements are achieved. If further payments do become due, they would be expected to be offset by an improvement in investment. The arrangements are generally two-way in that if performance is below base case levels some refund of consideration may become due.

18. Events after the balance sheet date

On 19 July 2022, the Company exchanged contracts to acquire a further 2.4% equity interest in the Hornsea One offshore wind farm from Global Infrastructure Partners (from whom the Company announced the acquisition of its original stake on 17 March 2022). Upon completion of the second tranche of Hornsea One the Company will own 10.2% of the asset.

On 1 August 2022, the Company declared an interim dividend of 1.71 pence per share for the three-month period ended 30 June 2022. The dividend, which is payable on 30 September 2022, is expected to total GBP42,425,155, based on a record date of 11 August 2022 and the number of shares in issue being 2,481,003,209.

The Revolving Credit Facility ("RCF") was utilised to finance acquisitions after the balance sheet date. At the date of signing these accounts the RCF was GBP195m drawn.

Alternative Performance Measures ("APM")

We assess our performance using a variety of measures that are not specifically defined under IFRS. These alternative performance measures are termed "APMs". The APMs that we use may not be directly comparable with those used by other companies.

These APMs are used to present an alternative view of how the Company has performed over the year and are all financial measures of historical performance.

 
Performance Measure                                         Definition 
NAV per share                                               The Net Asset Value per ordinary share 
Annualised total return on a NAV per share plus dividends   The movement in the NAV per ordinary share, plus dividend 
basis since IPO                                             per ordinary share declared or paid 
                                                            to shareholders since IPO 
Invested year to date                                       Investments made is the sum of investments made and 
                                                            committed to in the year to date (which 
                                                            net off small amounts relating to any refinance proceeds 
                                                            or sell downs) and does not include 
                                                            movements in the balance sheet items in TRIG UK Limited 
                                                            and TRIG UK Investments Limited. The 
                                                            IFRS measure of investments made (see note 10 to the 
                                                            accounts) also includes movements in 
                                                            TRIG UK Limited and TRIG UK Investments Limited 
Directors' Portfolio Valuation                              The Valuation of the investments only and excluding the 
                                                            cash, working capital and debt balances 
                                                            in TRIG UK Limited and TRIG UK Investments Limited, which 
                                                            are the companies owned by TRIG 
                                                            Limited through which investments are made. The IFRS 
                                                            measure of Investments at fair value 
                                                            through profit or loss is the Directors Portfolio Value 
                                                            plus the consolidation of the balance 
                                                            sheets of TRIG UK Limited and TRIG UK Investments Limited. 
                                                            Portfolio Value or Directors Portfolio 
                                                            Value is reconciled to Investments at fair value through 
                                                            profit or loss in note 10 to the 
                                                            accounts 
 

Sustainability Terminology Glossary

 
Term                                       Definition 
Renewable electricity generated            The amount of renewable electricity generated by the portfolio during the 
                                           year, net of the 
                                           Company's ownership share 
Tonnes of CO2 avoided per annum            The estimate of the portfolio's annual CO2 emission reductions, based on 
                                           current electricity 
                                           generation mix within each of TRIG's regions 
Lost Time Accident Frequency Rate (LTAFR)  A safety at work metric for every 100,000 hours worked. Calculated as the 
                                           number of accidents 
                                           which occurred in the given period divided by number of hours worked times 
                                           100,000. Whilst 
                                           all accidents are recorded, only accidents that have resulted in the worker 
                                           being unable to 
                                           perform their normal duties for more than seven days are included in this 
                                           calculation, in 
                                           line with reportable accidents as defined by UK HSE RIDDOR regulation 
Homes powered per annum                    The estimate of the number of homes powered by electricity generated by the 
                                           portfolio, based 
                                           on the portfolio's estimated generation as at the relevant reporting date 
                                           prepared using the 
                                           IFI approach to GHG Accounting 
 

06 Directors and Advisers

DIRECTORS

Helen Mahy (Chairman)

John Whittle

Tove Feld

Klaus Hammer

Erna-Maria Trixl (appointed 1 March 2022)

Richard Morse (appointed 18 July 2022)

Shelagh Mason (resigned 28 February 2022)

Jonathan (Jon) Bridel (resigned 27 May 2022)

REGISTRAR

Link Market Services (Guernsey) Limited

PO Box 627

St Peter Port

Guernsey

GY1 4PP

ADMINISTRATOR TO COMPANY, DESIGNATED MANAGER, COMPANY SECRETARY AND REGISTERED OFFICE

Aztec Financial Services (Guernsey) Limited

PO Box 656

East Wing

Trafalgar Court

Les Banques

St Peter Port

Guernsey

GY1 3PP

+44 1481 748 831

INVESTMENT MANAGER

InfraRed Capital Partners Limited

Level 7, One Bartholomew Close

Barts Square

London EC1A 7BL

OPERATIONS MANAGER

Renewable Energy Systems Limited

Beaufort Court

Egg Farm Lane

Kings Langley

Hertfordshire WD4 8LR

FINANCIAL PR

Maitland/AMO

3 Pancras Square

Kings Cross

London N1C 4AG

UK TRANSFER AGENT

Link Asset Services

Central Square

29 Wellington Street

Leeds

LS1 4DL

Helpline: 0871 664 0300

AUDITOR

Deloitte LLP

Regency Court

Esplanade

St Peter Port

Guernsey GY1 3HW

BROKERS

Investec Wealth & Investment Limited

30 Gresham Street

London EC2V 7QP

Liberum Capital Limited

Ropemaker Place

25 Ropemaker Street

London EC2Y 9LY

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END

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