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Polarean Imaging Plc LSE:POLX London Ordinary Share GB00BF3DT583 ORD GBP0.00037
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  +0.00p +0.00% 22.50p 21.00p 24.00p - - - 0 01:00:00
Industry Sector Turnover (m) Profit (m) EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap (m)
Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology 0.0 0.0 0.0 - 26

Polarean Imaging PLC Final Results

27/06/2019 7:01am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


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Polarean Imaging PLC

27 June 2019

Polarean Imaging Plc

("Polarean" or the "Company")

Final Results

Polarean Imaging plc (AIM: POLX), the clinical stage medical-imaging technology company, with a proprietary drug-device combination product for the visualisation of pulmonary function in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) market, announces its audited final results for the year ended 31 December 2018.

In addition, Polarean confirms that the Annual Report and Accounts for the year ended 31 December 2018, the Notice of the Annual General Meeting ("AGM") and a Form of Proxy are now available on the Company's website (http://www.polarean-ir.com/content/investors/annual-reports.asp) and will be posted to shareholders shortly.

Polarean's AGM will be held at the offices of Reed Smith LLP at The Broadgate Tower, 20 Primrose Street, London EC2A 2RS at 2.00 p.m. on 25 July 2019.

Highlights

-- First patient enrolled in Phase III FDA clinical trial during the period and trials nearing completion

   --    New licensing agreement with Duke University 

-- On track to file a New Drug Application with the FDA and to deliver first commercial sales by end of 2020

-- Gross fundraise of US$1.064 million (c.GBP0.8 million) in July 2018 via a placing in response to investor demand

-- Gross fundraise of US$4 million (c.GBP3.125 million) in December 2018 to support the Company's ongoing Phase III Clinical Trials and significantly strengthening the balance sheet

Post period end

-- Two new System Orders from the University of British Columbia and The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto respectively

   --    Total number of systems in use or on order now at 24 

-- Confirmed the third tranche of US$1 million from the US$3 million Small Business Innovation Research grant

   --    Currently at least 42 clinical trials ongoing into the use of (129) Xe MRI on the FDA website 
   --    Appointment of new Chief Financial Officer 

Richard Hullihen, CEO of Polarean, commented: "We are encouraged with the progress of our Phase III clinical trials and enrolment should conclude during the third quarter of this year. We have continued to invest in our intellectual property portfolio as part of our ongoing R&D and have added new key patent filings involving gas exchange and pulmonary vascular disease. We remain confident and excited for the future of Polarean and are grateful to our investors for their continued support."

The Company recently held its second successful investor symposium in London. Details can be found on the Company's website at http://www.polarean-ir.com/content/investors/videos.asp

This announcement contains inside information for the purposes of Article 7 of Regulation (EU) 596/2014.

Enquiries:

 
 Polarean Imaging plc                                                 www.polarean.com / www.polarean-ir.com 
 Richard Hullihen, Chief Executive Officer                                                   Via Walbrook PR 
 Richard Morgan, Chairman 
 
 SP Angel Corporate Finance LLP                                                          Tel: +44 (0)20 3470 
                                                                                                        0470 
 David Hignell / Lindsay Mair / Jamie Spotswood 
  (Corporate Finance) 
  Vadim Alexandre / Rob Rees (Corporate Broking) 
 
 Walbrook PR                                             Tel: +44 (0)20 7933 8780 or polarean@walbrookpr.com 
 Paul McManus / Anna Dunphy                                                   Mob: +44 (0)7980 541 893 / +44 
                                                                                             (0)7879 741 001 
 
 

Chairman's Statement

The most immediate challenge facing the Company upon completion of the IPO in March 2018 was the start of the clinical trials. Satisfactory completion of the clinical trials is a necessary condition for successful commercial development as we go forward, although it is far from being the only key to our success.

The trials are now nearing completion. No clinical trial is ever straight forward and the team has worked closely with the several advisors that have guided the design, launch and prosecution of the trials, to ensure that they are proceeding to plan. As we announced on 11 June 2019, we have elected to bring online a third trial site and we are grateful to our valued collaborators at the University of Cincinnati for their help with the initiation of this site, which we believe should ensure the timely completion of enrolment in both trials by the end of the third quarter of 2019. That should allow us to file our New Drug Application ("NDA") with the FDA and, assuming approval, is expected to enable us to make our first commercial unit sales by the end of 2020.

While the clinical trials we are conducting are a critical part of the business plan, they are not the only part. The Company has continued to meet expectations in relation to sales of additional pre-clinical units to existing and new institutional customers. This has brought the total number of systems in use or on order to 24 and the majority of those are with leading medical institutions who are conducting research and additional clinical trials into the use of hyperpolarized 129 Xenon using MRI ((129) Xe MRI). At present there are at least 42 clinical trials into the use of (129) Xe MRI showing on the FDA website. We were particularly pleased to be able to announce on 21 May 2019 receipt of the third year of grant from the NIH / SBIR which is funding the work being done jointly with Cincinnati Children's Hospital into the use of (129) Xe MRI in paediatric populations. Alongside the work being done by SickKids in Canada, and others, into paediatric populations we believe we can look forward to (129) Xe MRI making a materially positive medical contribution to the diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of pulmonary health conditions in children, including those suffering from cystic fibrosis.

During the year a number of key advances were made in applications of the technology to gas exchange and beyond. Many of the medical issues that arise in patients with compromised pulmonary function occur as a result of deficiencies in the body's ability to absorb oxygen out of air and into the bloodstream. Some of these medical issues, like Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis ("IPF"), cannot readily be diagnosed accurately using existing techniques but they are serious conditions that are increasingly being targeted by the pharmaceutical companies for drug development. Accurate diagnosis and monitoring is one critical aspect of the effective medication of these conditions and we believe (129) Xe MRI can help to address this unmet medical need. In late 2018, we extended our collaboration with Duke University by securing the intellectual property rights to an entirely new application, in pulmonary vascular disease, including pulmonary arterial hypertension ("PAH"). We are already in discussion with several companies that have developed medications for PAH and other conditions (COPD and asthma for example) in the expectation that (129) Xe MRI can make a significant difference in both the development of new drugs and in the management of these conditions in the clinic.

Our first nine months as a public company included the completion of two additional financing rounds, the second of which closed at the end of 2018. The capital market environment for small medical technology companies was challenging throughout the year and the Polarean IPO was one of very few successful public listings in the sector on the AIM market in 2018. We were fortunate to be able to complete those financing rounds, which provided additional support for the clinical trials.

We believe that partnering with pharmaceutical and other companies to facilitate the development and use of their products is a key part of Polarean's future development. We already have relationships with several companies that have expressed an interest in partnering with us. Such relationships can help us expand our development activities in the near term and, following FDA approval, to expand access to and support a presence in deployment of Polarean's technology as we reach into the clinical setting and help expand the treatment options available to patients. We have also consistently stated our intention to access markets outside the United States through partnerships and we are pleased to note a growing interest in partnering opportunities to expand our geographical footprint in that way.

The team has done a great job in efficiently producing and shipping new systems to our customers, while working closely with our installed base to provide service and support to their existing systems. As our installed base grows, this becomes a proportionally larger challenge, in addition to the continuing work in hand to improve the design and performance of our systems and to plan for the future evolution of the product. The manufacture of the equipment was successfully outsourced and the last five machines have been built under the GMP standards which are required both for pivotal clinical trials and the clinical use of this technology.

We were delighted to be able to add Chuck Osborne to our team as Chief Financial Officer in April 2019 and welcome his help in addressing the many challenges that lie ahead as we grow the Company.

We hope to be able to announce the completion of our clinical trials in the next few months and look forward to working with the FDA when we seek approval to allow marketing of the technology next year. This will be another major and exciting phase change for the Company which we will report on more fully in the coming months. We continue to look forward with determination and high confidence in the strength of the technology and the commitment of the team.

Richard Morgan

Non-Executive Chairman

26 June 2019

Chief Executive Officer's Statement

2018 - Year of Development and Accomplishment

Polarean and its subsidiaries (the 'Group') began their first full year focused on preparation for the Phase III Clinical trials. Having finalised contracts with Contract Research Organisations and with the two university sites for the trial, we planned and executed a Pilot Study which closely matched the trial protocol in order to prove that the structure and specifications of the trials were met in the "non-inferiority" structure of the trials. We conducted that study at one of the two trial sites, using the same equipment and methods of the Phase III trial protocol. That study was successful and gave the Group the confidence to initiate the trials.

The Opportunity

The US Healthcare system annual burden of pulmonary disease is US$150 billion and the Directors still see a tremendous opportunity to bring our technology's quantitative, reproducible, non-invasive method for diagnostic and therapeutic guidance to medicine. We have begun to develop the healthcare economic analyses to support the adoption by providers of our technology, working with experts in the field. Over the planning horizon of the first 48 months post commercial launch, the Group intends to address the high end of US academic and teaching hospital market segment, which comprises approximately the top 1,000 institutions nationally. The combined addressable market there for our products approaches US$500 million.

While working to achieve FDA approval for clinical use, Polarean continues to serve the medical imaging research market by providing xenon polarisers to enable functional MRI of the pulmonary system. This brings dynamic, high-resolution, regional, image-based information to pulmonary physicians and researchers whose best alternative tool is spirometry, a relatively inaccurate measurement of expired breath. Current imaging technologies are not often used for assessing lung function, despite the revolutionary effects of MRI in other medical applications.

Our Clinical Trials

Our Phase III Clinical Trials are head-to-head, non-inferiority trials which are comparing our technology to an existing nuclear medicine technique using radioactive (133) Xe and gamma cameras. The trials involve 80 patients in total and are being conducted at three of our closest collaborative sites, the University of Virginia Duke University ("Duke") and the University of Cincinnati. We are characterising ventilation in two sets of patients being evaluated for surgical procedures: those who are being evaluated for lung lobar resection surgery and those being evaluated for lung transplant. In each case their pre-operative expired vital capacity is measured through spirometry. Our technology and the existing nuclear medicine standard of care are used to assess the remaining post-operative vital capacities. Our trial has focused entirely on the pre-operative assessment and it makes no difference whether the patient is chosen for surgery. We are at an advanced stage in the trial and expect enrolment to conclude in the third quarter of 2019.

Our Operations

The Group completed the transition of manufacturing to a local certified medical device manufacturer. In 2018, we built and shipped five units and one upgrade. This is the largest production volume we have achieved. This included the transition to GMP level production for the Clinical Trial units and all units thereafter. We will continue to improve the production capability of our provider moving forward.

R&D

We continued to invest in our intellectual property portfolio during the year. Key new patent filings involving gas exchange and pulmonary vascular disease were added, and an expanded and enhanced license agreement with Duke was achieved.

2018 Financial Results

Broadly speaking, our operating performance was as we expected in 2018, with revenues slightly higher than expected at US$2.439 million and expenses slightly lower than expected. In addition, we raised US$1 million (before expenses) in July 2018 in a placing based on investor demand and US$4 million (before expenses) in December 2018 (a significant majority of the proceeds from the December 2018 placement were received by the Company in early 2019) in a placing designed to fund the Company through our Clinical Trial enrolment. During the period, we benefitted from the Year 2 proceeds of the NIH SBIR Grant which we have jointly with the University of Cincinnati Children's Hospital. Our pricing and margins have maintained throughout the year. It is still the case that the majority of our research systems are procured via grant mechanisms and while the outcomes are typically known with some certainty, the ultimate fiscal timing of these projects is difficult to predict with certainty.

2019 and Beyond

We plan to complete enrolment of our Phase III trials in the third quarter of 2019 and look forward to the readout of both indications with confidence, based on the results of our Pilot Study. We will proceed with filing our NDA and continue to cautiously plan to receive regulatory approval in the second half of 2020. In the meantime, we continue to collaborate with researchers in the US and abroad and look to expand our installed base of research systems. The exciting new developments in cardiology and pulmonary vascular disease are expanding and our knowledge base about these conditions is expanding.

We have begun early discussions with potential strategic partners in the pharmaceutical industry and in other geographic markets that could lead to important developments in new applications and uses for our technology, expansion into new territories, and which may bring economic benefits to the Group going forward.

Polarean is fortunate to have an outstanding collection of world-class collaborators and customers in both the US and Europe. Additionally, we support the "(129) Xe MRI Clinical Trials Consortium" and the crucial work they do in collaborative research, training investigators, providing infrastructure for evaluating new techniques, and multi-institution sharing of magnetic resonance (MR) techniques and image analysis methods. We would like to thank the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute for their continued support of our Small Business Innovation Research Program grant with Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. In addition, we have developed solid working relationships with MRI systems manufacturers and exclusive relationships with global industrial gas suppliers, all key to our future as we scale the business.

On behalf of the entire staff of Polarean Imaging, I would like to thank you for your investment in and support of the Group and we look forward to continuing to develop and deliver this critical life-saving and life-improving technology to physicians and patients everywhere.

Richard Hullihen

Chief Executive Officer

26 June 2019

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

 
                                                                   2018          2017 
                                                    Notes           US$           US$ 
 Revenue                                              4       2,439,139     1,237,163 
 Cost of sales                                                (633,463)     (297,215) 
 Gross profit                                                 1,805,676       939,948 
 
 Administrative expenses                                    (6,161,916)   (4,051,000) 
 Depreciation                                        11        (10,140)       (7,478) 
 Amortisation                                        12       (616,852)     (361,746) 
 Selling and distribution expenses                             (31,766)      (28,752) 
 Share-based payment expense                         19       (251,790)     (414,866) 
 Total administrative expenses                              (7,072,464)   (4,863,842) 
 Operating loss                                       6     (5,266,788)   (3,923,894) 
 Finance income                                       7             184           129 
 Finance expense                                      7       (188,055)      (34,056) 
 Loss before tax                                            (5,454,659)   (3,957,821) 
 Taxation                                            10               -             - 
 Loss for the year and total other comprehensive 
  expense                                                   (5,454,659)   (3,957,821) 
 
 
 Loss per share 
-------------------------  -----  --------  -------- 
 Basic and diluted (US$)       9   (0.078)   (0.139) 
-------------------------  -----  --------  -------- 
 

The results reflected above relate to continuing activities.

There is no recognised income or expense for the year other than the loss above and therefore no separate statement of other comprehensive income has been presented.

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

 
                                           Notes           2018          2017 
                                                            US$           US$ 
 ASSETS 
 Non-current assets 
 Property, plant and equipment              11           17,752        21,341 
 Intangible assets                          12        4,044,398     4,661,250 
 Trade and other receivables                14           12,539        12,539 
                                                      4,074,689     4,695,130 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------ 
 Current assets 
 Inventories                                15          651,781       649,860 
 Trade and other receivables                14        4,226,585       488,861 
 Cash and cash equivalents                  16          875,601       960,217 
                                                  ------------- 
                                                      5,753,967     2,098,938 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------ 
 TOTAL ASSETS                                         9,828,656     6,794,068 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------ 
 
 EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 
 Equity attributable to holders 
  of the parent 
 Share capital                              17           49,427        23,291 
 Share premium                              18       11,063,075     1,448,037 
 Group re-organisation reserve              18        7,813,337     7,813,337 
 Other equity                               18                -        87,305 
 Share-based payment reserve                19        1,078,335       826,545 
 Accumulated losses                         18     (12,212,767)   (6,758,108) 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------ 
                                                      7,791,407     3,440,407 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------ 
 
 
 Non-current liabilities 
 Provision for contingent consideration     20          316,000       316,000 
 Deferred income                            21           70,726             - 
                                                        386,726       316,000 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------ 
 
 Current liabilities 
 Trade and other payables                   22        1,590,482     1,906,376 
 Borrowings                                 23            5,213     1,104,723 
 Deferred income                            21           54,828        26,562 
                                                      1,650,523     3,037,661 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------ 
 TOTAL EQUITY AND LIABILITIES                         9,828,656     6,794,068 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------ 
 

Company Statement of Financial Position

 
                                   Notes          2018        2017 
                                                   US$         US$ 
 ASSETS 
 Non-current assets 
 Investment in subsidiary           13       4,342,848   4,342,848 
                                             4,342,848   4,342,848 
--------------------------------  ------  ------------  ---------- 
 Current assets 
 Trade and other receivables        14       9,370,611   1,891,495 
 Cash and cash equivalents          16         235,766      23,106 
                                          ------------ 
                                             9,606,377   1,914,601 
--------------------------------  ------  ------------  ---------- 
 TOTAL ASSETS                               13,949,225   6,257,449 
--------------------------------  ------  ------------  ---------- 
 
 EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 
 Equity attributable to holders 
  of the parent 
 Share capital                      17          49,427      23,291 
 Share premium                      18      11,063,075   1,448,037 
 Merger reserve                     18       4,322,527   4,322,527 
 Other equity                       18               -      87,305 
 Share-based payment reserve        19         773,304     521,514 
 Accumulated losses                 18     (2,287,282)   (956,714) 
--------------------------------  ------  ------------  ---------- 
                                            13,921,051   5,445,960 
--------------------------------  ------  ------------  ---------- 
 
 Current liabilities 
 Trade and other payables           22          28,174      25,742 
 Borrowings                         23               -     785,747 
                                                28,174     811,489 
--------------------------------  ------  ------------  ---------- 
 TOTAL EQUITY AND LIABILITIES               13,949,225   6,257,449 
--------------------------------  ------  ------------  ---------- 
 

The loss for the financial year dealt with in the financial statements of the parent Company was US$1,330,568 (2017: US$956,714).

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

 
                                                               Share-based         Group 
                          Share         Share                      payment        re-org    Accumulated 
                        capital       premium   Other equity       reserve       reserve         losses   Total equity 
                            US$           US$            US$           US$           US$            US$            US$ 
-----------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------- 
 As at 1 January 
  2017                        1             -              -       238,172     1,976,367    (2,800,287)      (585,747) 
-----------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Comprehensive 
 income 
 Loss for the 
  year                        -             -              -             -             -    (3,957,821)    (3,957,821) 
 Transactions 
 with owners 
 Issue of shares          2,970     1,982,094              -             -             -              -      1,985,064 
 Share issue 
  costs                       -     (534,057)              -       173,507             -              -      (360,550) 
 Share-based 
  payment expense             -             -              -       414,866             -              -        414,866 
 Group 
  re-organisation        20,320             -              -             -     5,836,970              -      5,857,290 
 Convertible 
  loans                       -             -         87,305             -             -              -         87,305 
-----------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------- 
 As at 31 
  December 2017          23,291     1,448,037         87,305       826,545     7,813,337    (6,758,108)      3,440,407 
-----------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Comprehensive 
 income 
 Loss for the 
  year                        -             -              -             -             -    (5,454,659)    (5,454,659) 
 Transactions 
 with owners 
 Issue of shares         26,136    10,161,474       (87,305)             -             -              -     10,100,305 
 Share issue 
  costs                       -     (546,436)              -             -             -              -      (546,436) 
 Share-based 
  payment expense             -             -              -       251,790             -              -        251,790 
-----------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------- 
 As at 31 
  December 2018          49,427    11,063,075              -     1,078,335     7,813,337   (12,212,767)      7,791,407 
-----------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

Company Statement of Changes in Equity

 
                                                               Share-based 
                         Share          Share                      payment         Merger   Accumulated 
                       capital        premium   Other equity       reserve        reserve        losses   Total equity 
                           US$            US$            US$           US$            US$           US$            US$ 
---------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------- 
 As at 1 
  January 2017               1              -              -             -              -             -              1 
---------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------- 
 Comprehensive 
 income 
 Loss for the 
  year                       -              -              -             -              -     (956,714)      (956,714) 
 Transactions 
 with owners 
 Issue of 
  shares                23,290      1,982,094              -             -      4,322,527             -      6,327,911 
 Share issue 
  costs                      -      (534,057)              -       173,507              -             -      (360,550) 
 Share-based 
  payment 
  expense                    -              -              -       348,007              -             -        348,007 
 Convertible 
  loans                      -              -         87,305             -              -             -         87,305 
---------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------- 
 As at 31 
  December 2017         23,291      1,448,037         87,305       521,514      4,322,527     (956,714)      5,445,960 
---------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------- 
 Comprehensive 
 income 
 Loss for the 
  year                       -              -              -             -              -   (1,330,568)    (1,330,568) 
 Transactions 
 with owners 
 Issue of 
  shares                26,136     10,161,474       (87,305)             -              -             -     10,100,305 
 Share issue 
  costs                      -      (546,436)              -             -              -             -      (546,436) 
 Share-based 
  payment 
  expense                    -              -              -       251,790              -             -        251,790 
---------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------- 
 As at 31 
  December 2018         49,427     11,063,075              -       773,304      4,322,527   (2,287,282)     13,921,051 
---------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------- 
 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

 
                                                              2018         2017 
                                                               US$          US$ 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
Cash flows from operating activities 
Loss before tax                                        (5,454,659)    (3,957,821) 
Adjustments for non-cash/non-operating items: 
Depreciation of plant and equipment                         10,140          7,478 
Amortisation of intangible assets                          616,852        361,746 
Share-based payment expense                                251,790        414,866 
Interest paid                                              188,055         34,056 
Interest received                                            (184)          (129) 
Operating cash flows before movements in working 
 capital                                               (4,388,006)    (3,139,804) 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Increase in inventories                                    (1,921)      (328,199) 
Increase in trade and other receivables                   (69,517)      (440,931) 
(Decrease)/increase in trade and other payables          (315,894)      1,343,861 
Increase/(decrease) in deferred income                      98,992       (50,618) 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Net cash used in operations                            (4,676,346)    (2,615,691) 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Cash flows from investing activities 
Purchase of plant and equipment                            (6,551)       (16,834) 
Interest received                                              184            129 
Net cash used in investing activities                      (6,367)       (16,705) 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Cash flows from financing activities 
Issue of shares                                          5,093,775      2,481,808 
Interest paid                                            (188,055)       (34,056) 
Issue of notes and loans                                     5,213      1,047,014 
Repayment of notes and loans                             (312,836)              - 
Net cash generated by financing activities               4,598,097      3,494,766 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents      (84,616)        862,370 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of 
 year                                                      960,217         97,847 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year                   875,601        960,217 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ------------- 
 

Company Statement of Cash Flows

 
                                                    Year ended     Year ended 
                                                   31 December    31 December 
                                                          2018           2017 
                                                           US$            US$ 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Cash flows from operating activities 
 Loss before tax                                   (1,330,568)      (956,714) 
 Adjustments for non-cash/non-operating items: 
 Share-based payment expense                           251,790        348,007 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Operating cash flows before movements in 
  working capital                                  (1,078,778)      (608,707) 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Increase in trade and other payables                    2,433         25,742 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Net cash used by operations                       (1,076,345)      (582,965) 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Cash flows from financing activities 
 Issue of shares                                     5,099,914      1,624,514 
 Loans to intercompany                             (3,810,909)    (1,851,022) 
 Issue of notes and loans                                    -        832,579 
 Net cash generated by financing activities          1,289,005        606,071 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
 Increase in cash and cash equivalents                 212,660         23,106 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning             23,106              - 
  of period 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period            235,766         23,106 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

These Financial Statements were approved and authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 26 June 2019 and were signed on its behalf by:

Richard Morgan

Non-executive Chairman

Notes on Financial Statements

   1                     General information 

The Company is incorporated in England and Wales under the Companies Act 2006. The registered number is 10442853 and its registered office is at 27-28 Eastcastle Street, London, W1W 8DH. The Company is listed on AIM of the London Stock Exchange.

The Company is the parent company of Polarean, Inc (the "Subsidiary", together the "Group"). The principal activity of the Group is developing next generation medical imaging technology. The Subsidiary is incorporated in the United States of America and has a registered office of 2500 Meridian Parkway #175, Durham, NC 27713, USA.

   2                     Adoption of new and revised International Financial Reporting Standards 

Standards and interpretations adopted during the year

Information on new standards, amendments and interpretations that are relevant to the Group's annual report and accounts is provided below.

IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments'

IFRS 9 uses a single approach to determine whether a financial asset is measured at amortised cost or fair value, replacing the many different rules in IAS 39. The approach in IFRS 9 is based on how an entity manages its financial instruments (its business model) and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial assets. The Group has considered the implications of IFRS 9 to have an immaterial impact, as detailed in the financial assets accounting policy.

IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers'

IFRS 15 is intended to clarify the principles of revenue recognition and establish a single framework for revenue recognition. This supersedes IAS 18 Revenue and the core principle is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Group has considered the implications of IFRS 15 to have an immaterial impact, as detailed in the revenue recognition accounting policy.

Certain other new standards and interpretations have been issued but are not expected to have a material impact on the Group's annual report and accounts.

New and revised IFRS Standards in issue but not yet effective

At the date of authorisation of these financial statements, The Group has not applied the following new and revised IFRS Standards that have been issued but are not yet effective.

IFRS 16 'Leases', effective 1 January 2019

The IASB has published IFRS 16 'Leases', completing its long-running project on lease accounting. The new Standard, which is effective for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019, requires lessees to account for leases 'on-balance sheet' by recognising a 'right-of-use' asset and a lease liability. The date of initial application of IFRS 16 for the Group will be 1 January 2019. It will affect most companies that report under IFRS and are involved in leasing and will have a substantial impact on the annual report and accounts of lessees of property and high value equipment. This standard has been endorsed by the European Union.

The Group's management has carried out an impact review of the implementation of IFRS 16 and has decided it will apply the modified retrospective adoption method in IFRS 16, and, therefore, will only recognise leases on the Statement of Financial Position as at 1 January 2019. In addition, it has decided to measure right-of-use assets by reference to the measurement of the lease liability on that date. This will ensure there is no immediate impact to net assets on that date.

At 31 December 2018 operating lease commitments amounted to US$183,421 (see note 24), which is expected to reduce to US$109,899 at 31 December 2019. Assuming the Group's lease commitments remain at this level, the effect of discounting those commitments is anticipated to result in right-of-use assets and lease liabilities of approximately US$115,000 being recognised on 1 January 2019. However, further work still needs to be carried out to determine whether and when extension and termination options are likely to be exercised, which will result in the actual liability recognised being higher than this.

Instead of recognising an operating expense for its operating lease payments, the group will instead recognise interest on its lease liabilities and amortisation on its right-of-use assets. This will increase reported EBITDA by the amount of its current operating lease cost, which for the year ended 31 December 2018 was approximately US$73,000.

There are no other standards issued which are expected to have a material impact on the financial statements.

   3                     Significant accounting policies 

Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union ("IFRS") and under the historical cost convention, as modified by the use of fair value for financial instruments measured at fair value. The financial statements are presented in United States Dollars ("US$") except where otherwise indicated.

The principal accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are set out below. The policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.

Going concern

The Directors consider the going concern basis of preparation to be appropriate in preparing the financial statements.

The Group is in its development stage and has not yet moved to full commercial exploitation of its IP. During the year ended 31 December 2018 the Group recorded a loss after tax of US$5,454,659 (2017: loss of US$3,957,821) and a net cash outflow from operating activities of US$4,676,346 (2017: US$2,615,691).

On 28 December 2018 the Group raised proceeds of US$4.0 million (excluding expenses) from investors by the issue of shares of which US$3.7 million remain outstanding at year-end.

In considering the appropriateness of this basis of preparation, the Directors have reviewed the Group's working capital forecasts for a minimum of 12 months from the date of the approval of this financial information. Based on their consideration the Directors have reasonable expectation that the Group has adequate resources to continue for the foreseeable future and that carrying values of intangible assets are supported. Thus, they continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing this financial information.

Share capital

Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares are shown in share premium as a deduction from the proceeds.

Government and other grants

Grants are not recognised until there is a reasonable assurance that the Group will comply with the conditions attaching to them and that the grants will be received. Grants are treated as deferred income and released to the income statement on the achievement of the relevant performance criteria.

Inventory

Inventories are measured at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The cost of inventories is based on the weighted average cost principle and includes expenditure incurred in inventories, adjusted for rebates, and other costs incurred in bringing them to their existing location.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash balances and call deposits with an original maturity of three months or less.

Basis of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements are for the year ended 31 December 2018. They have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the European Union (EU) and with those parts of the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS.

The measurement bases and principal accounting policies of the Group are set out below. On 30 May 2017 Polarean Merger-Sub, Inc., a Subsidiary of the Subsidiary, completed a merger process under which it acquired substantially all of the assets of m2m Imaging Corp ("m2m"), a portfolio company of Amphion Innovations plc engaged in the development of high-performance MRI RF coils for the global research market, primarily in micro-imaging. By 2016 m2m had been inactive for several years due to an inability to raise funds. At the date of the merger the assets of m2m were its technology and patents. The merger was effected by way of court sanction in the process of which the Subsidiary acquired, through a special purpose entity, Polarean Merger Sub, Inc. the assets of another special purpose entity, m2m Merger Sub, Inc., with m2m Merger Sub, Inc. being the surviving entity. After the reporting date, on 1 September 2017, m2m Merger Sub, Inc. was merged into the Subsidiary with the Subsidiary being the surviving entity, the effect being that m2m Merger Sub, Inc. was collapsed, and the Subsidiary had acquired the m2m assets.

As part of the arrangements for the merger 576,430 shares in the Subsidiary were issued to the former shareholders in m2m with the intention that all parties would exchange their stock in Polarean, Inc. for shares in the Group on a pro rata basis as soon as practicable.

The Directors consider the merger between the Subsidiary and m2m Acquisition, Inc. as a consequence of which the group acquired the exclusive worldwide rights to m2m's technology and patents does not meet the definition of an acquisition of a business as set out in IFRS3 and has therefore been accounted for as the acquisition of an asset or a group of assets that does not constitute a business.

IFRS3 requires that in such cases the acquirer shall identify and recognise the individual identifiable assets acquired (including those assets that meet the definition of, and recognition criteria for, intangible assets in IAS 38 Intangible assets) and to allocate the cost of the individual identifiable assets and liabilities on the basis of their relative fair values at the date of purchase. Such a transaction or event does not give rise to goodwill.

The provisional estimate of the fair value of the assets acquired under the merger arrangement of US$4,999,996 represents the aggregate estimated value of the financial obligations of the former m2m shareholders which were converted into equity in m2m prior to the merger agreement

The Directors consider the acquisition of the entire issued common stock of the Subsidiary by the Company in exchange for equivalent equity participation in the Company to be a group re-organisation and not a business combination and to fall outside the scope of IFRS3. Having considered the requirements of IAS 8 and the relevant UK and US guidance, the transaction has been accounted for on a merger or pooling of interest basis as if both entities had always been combined, using book values, with no fair value adjustments made nor goodwill recognised.

Revenue recognition

Revenue comprises the fair value of the sale of goods and rendering of services to external customers, net of applicable sales tax, rebates, promotions and returns.

Contracts and obligation

The majority of customer contracts have three main elements that the Group provides to the customer:

   -     Sale of polarisers; 
   -     Sale of parts and upgrades; and 
   -     Provision of service. 

The sale of polarisers is seen as a distinct performance obligation and revenue is recognised at a point in time. The customer can benefit from the use of the polarisers when supplied and is not reliant on the Group to provide the parts and upgrades or service, and therefore revenue from the sale of polarisers is recognised in full when supplied to the customer.

The second performance obligation is the sale of parts and upgrades. The customer can benefit from the use of the parts and upgrade when supplied and is not reliant on the Group to provide the service, and therefore revenue from the sale of parts and upgrades is recognised in full when supplied to the customer.

The third performance obligation is the provision of preventive maintenance service. Revenue from the provision of preventive maintenance service is recognised in the period in which the services are provided over the life of the contract.

Determining the transaction price

The transaction price is determined as the fair value of the Group expects to receive over the course of the contract.

There are no incentives given to customers that would have a material effect on the financial statements.

Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract

The allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract is non-complex for the Group. There is a fixed unit price for each product or service sold. Therefore, there is limited judgement involved in allocating the contract price to each unit ordered.

Recognise revenue when or as the entity satisfies its performance obligations

The overarching terms are consistent in each contract.

The sale of polarisers is seen as a distinct performance obligation and revenue is recognised at a point in time, when supplied to the customer, as the customer can benefit from the use of the polarisers when supplied.

The sale of parts and upgrades is seen as a distinct performance obligation and revenue is recognised at a point in time, when supplied to the customer, as the customer can benefit from the use of the parts and upgrade when supplied.

The provision of service is seen a as distinct performance obligation and revenue us recognised as the Group provides these services for the duration of the contract, i.e. over time. Any unexpired portion of a service contract or payment received in advance in respect of service contracts either partially completed or not started, are included in deferred income and released over their remaining term.

Property, plant and equipment

Owned assets

Items of property, plant and equipment are stated at cost or deemed cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost includes the original purchase price of the asset and the costs attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. When parts of an item of property, plant and equipment have different useful lives, those components are accounted for as separate items of property, plant and equipment.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset's carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably.

Depreciation

Depreciation is charged to profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of each part of an item of property, plant and equipment. The estimated useful lives are as follows:

   --     Computer and IT equipment - 33% straight line 
   --     Leasehold improvements - 20% straight line 
   --     Laboratory equipment - 20% straight line 

The residual values, useful lives and depreciation methods are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, or if there is an indication of a significant change since the last reporting date.

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing the proceeds with the carrying amount and are recognised within "other operating income" in the statement of comprehensive income.

Intangible Assets

Patents and related rights which are acquired through a business combination, are assessed by reviewing their net present value of future cash flows. Patents are currently amortised over their useful life, not exceeding 10 years.

Internally generated intangible assets - research costs are costs incurred in research activities and are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred. An internally generated intangible asset arising from the development of commercial technologies is recognised only if all of the following conditions are met:

   --    it is probable that the asset will create future economic benefits; 
   --    the development costs can be measured reliably; 
   --    technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset can be demonstrated; 
   --    there is the intention to complete the asset and use or sell it; 
   --    there is the ability to use or sell the asset; and 

-- adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset are available.

At this time the Directors consider that the Group does not meet all of those conditions and development costs are therefore recorded as expense in the period in which the cost is incurred.

Impairment of non-financial assets

Non-financial assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset's carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's fair value less costs to sell and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are reviewed at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash-generating units).

Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at each reporting date.

Provisions

A provision is recognised in the statement of financial position when the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of a past event, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. If the effect is material, provisions are determined by discounting the expected future cash flows at a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognised in finance costs.

Financial assets

The Group classifies all of its financial assets at amortised cost. Financial assets do not comprise prepayments. Management determines the classification of its financial assets at initial recognition.

Amortised costs

The Group's financial assets held at amortised cost comprise trade and other receivables and cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated statement of financial position.

These assets are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. They arise principally through the provision of goods and services to customers (e.g. trade receivables), but also incorporate other types of contractual monetary asset. They are initially recognised at fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to their acquisition or issue and are subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method, less provision for impairment.

Impairment provisions for trade receivables are recognised based on the simplified approach within IFRS 9 using the lifetime expected credit losses. During this process the probability of the non-payment of the trade receivables is assessed. This probability is then multiplied by the amount of the expected loss arising from default to determine the lifetime expected credit loss for the trade receivables. For trade receivables, which are reported net; such provisions are recorded in a separate provision account with the loss being recognised within administrative expenses in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income. On confirmation that the trade receivable will not be collectable, the gross carrying value of the asset is written off against the associated provision.

These assets arise principally from the provision of goods and services to customers (e.g. trade receivables), but also incorporate other types of financial assets where the objective is to hold their assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual cash flows are solely payments of the principal and interest. They are initially recognised at fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to their acquisition or issue and are subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method, less provision for impairment.

Impairment provisions for other receivables are recognised based on the general impairment model within IFRS 9. In doing so, the Company follows the 3-stage approach to expected credit losses. Step 1 is to estimate the probability that the debtor will default over the next 12 months. Step 2 considers if the credit risk has increased significantly since initial recognition of the debtor. Finally, Step 3 considers if the debtor is credit impaired, following the criteria under IAS 39.

Financial liabilities

The Group classifies its financial liabilities in the category of financial liabilities at amortised cost. All financial liabilities are recognised in the statement of financial position when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provision of the instrument.

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost include:

-- Trade payables and other short-dated monetary liabilities, which are initially recognised at fair value and subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method.

-- Bank and other borrowings are initially recognised at fair value net of any transaction costs directly attributable to the issue of the instrument. Such interest-bearing liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method, which ensures that any interest expense over the period to repayment is at a constant rate on the balance of the liability carried in the consolidated statement of financial position. For the purposes of each financial liability, interest expense includes initial transaction costs and any premium payable on redemption, as well as any interest or coupon payable while the liability is outstanding.

Unless otherwise indicated, the carrying values of the Group's financial liabilities measured at amortised cost represents a reasonable approximation of their fair values.

Employee benefits: pension obligations

The Group operates a defined contribution plan. A defined contribution plan is a pension plan under which the Group pays fixed contributions into a separate entity. The Group has no legal or constructive obligations to pay further contributions if the fund does not hold sufficient assets to pay all employees the benefits relating to employee service in the current and prior periods.

The Group has no further payment obligations once the contributions have been paid. The contributions are recognised as employee benefit expense when they are due. Prepaid contributions are recognised as an asset to the extent that a cash refund or a reduction in the future payments is available.

Net finance costs

Finance costs

Finance costs comprise interest payable on borrowings, direct issue costs, dividends on preference shares and foreign exchange losses; and are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.

Finance income

Finance income comprises interest receivable on funds invested, and foreign exchange gains.

Interest income is recognised in the income statement as it accrues using the effective interest method.

Leases

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. The costs associated with operating leases are taken to the income statement on an accruals basis over the period of the lease.

Income tax

Income tax for the years presented comprises current and deferred tax. Income tax is recognised in the income statement except to the extent that it relates to items recognised directly in equity, in which case it is recognised in equity. Current tax is the expected tax payable on the taxable income for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the statement of financial position date, and any adjustment to tax payable in respect of previous years.

Deferred tax is recognised on temporary differences arsing between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts.

The following temporary differences are not recognised if they arise from a) the initial recognition of goodwill, and b) for the initial recognition of other assets or liabilities in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss. Deferred tax is determined using tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the balance sheet date and are expected to apply when the related deferred tax asset is realised or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

A deferred tax asset is recognised only to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which the asset can be utilised. Deferred tax assets are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realised.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets against current tax liabilities and when the deferred income taxes assets and liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority on either the taxable entity or different taxable entities where there is an intention to settle the balances on a net basis.

Critical accounting estimates and judgements

The preparation of the Group's financial statements under IFRS as endorsed by the EU requires the directors to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

The directors consider that the following estimates and judgements are likely to have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the financial statements.

Carrying value of intangible assets

In determining whether there are indicators of impairment of the Group's intangible assets, the directors take into consideration various factors including the economic viability and expected future financial performance of the asset and when it relates to the intangible assets arising on a business combination, the expected future performance of the business acquired.

   4                     Segmental Information 

IFRS 8 requires operating segments to be identified on the basis of internal reports about components of the Group that are regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker (which takes the form of the Board of Directors) as defined in IFRS 8, in order to allocate resources to the segment and to assess its performance.

The chief operating decision maker has determined that the Group has one operating segment, the development and commercialisation of gas polariser devices and ancillary instruments. Revenues are reviewed based on the products and services provided: Polarisers, Parts and Upgrades, Service and Other revenue.

The Group operates in Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Revenue by origin of geographical segment for all entities in the Group is as follows:

 
 Revenue 
                                  2018        2017 
                                   US$         US$ 
--------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Canada                        163,677     340,113 
 Germany                        15,117      24,617 
 United Kingdom                 38,661     111,765 
 United States of America    2,221,684     760,668 
--------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Total                       2,439,139   1,237,163 
--------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 
  Non-current assets 
                                  2018        2017 
                                   US$         US$ 
--------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 
 United States of America    4,074,689   4,695,130 
 Total                       4,074,689   4,695,130 
--------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 

Product and services revenue analysis

 
  Revenue 
                            2018        2017 
                             US$         US$ 
--------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Polarisers            1,056,728     340,113 
 Parts and Upgrades       56,610      91,529 
 Service                 117,220     154,528 
 Grants                1,208,581     650,993 
--------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Total                 2,439,139   1,237,163 
--------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 
 

Management measures revenues by reference to the Group's core services and products and related services, which underpin such income.

   5                     Employees and Directors 

Staff costs for the Group and the Company during the year:

 
                             2018       2017 
                              US$        US$ 
----------------------  ---------  --------- 
Wages and salaries      1,667,233    837,619 
Social security costs     367,748    321,009 
                        2,034,981  1,158,628 
----------------------  ---------  --------- 
 
 
Average monthly number of people (including directors) employed 
 by activity: 
 
                                                            2018    2017 
                                                             No.     No. 
Senior management including directors                          9       5 
R&D and clinical trial                                         7       7 
Administration                                                 1       1 
----------------------------------------------------------  ----  ------ 
Total                                                         17      13 
----------------------------------------------------------  ----  ------ 
 
 

Key management compensation:

The following table details the aggregate compensation paid to key management personnel.

 
                              2018     2017 
                               US$      US$ 
----------------------   ---------  ------- 
Salaries and fees          873,229  512,636 
Social security costs      331,771  196,462 
                         1,205,000  709,098 
 ----------------------  ---------  ------- 
 
 

Key management personnel include all directors who together have authority and responsibility for planning, directing, and controlling the activities of the Group and senior divisional managers.

   6                     Operating loss 
 
                                               2018      2017 
                                                US$       US$ 
----------------------------------------   --------  -------- 
 Depreciation 
 
        *    Owned plant and equipment        9,601     6,939 
 
        *    Leased plant and equipment         539       539 
 Amortisation of intangible assets          616,852   361,746 
 Research expenses                          672,633   167,655 
 Operating lease costs                       77,971    68,335 
 Auditors remuneration (note 8)              42,938   143,792 
 
 
   7                     Net finance expense 
 
                              2018     2017 
                               US$      US$ 
 Interest income               184      129 
------------------------  --------  ------- 
 Total finance income          184      129 
------------------------  --------  ------- 
 
 Finance expense           188,055   34,056 
------------------------  --------  ------- 
 Total finance expense     188,055   34,056 
------------------------  --------  ------- 
 
   8                     Auditor remuneration 
 
                                            2018     2017 
                                             US$      US$ 
--------------------------------------   -------  ------- 
 Auditors remuneration 
 Fees payable to the Group's auditor 
  for audit of Parent Company and 
  Consolidated Financial Statements       42,938   45,237 
---------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 Fees payables to the Group's auditor 
  for other services (assurance 
  related services)                            -   98,555 
---------------------------------------  -------  ------- 
 
   9                     Loss per share 

The loss per share has been calculated using the loss for the year and the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the year, as follows:

 
 
                                                    2018         2017 
                                                     US$          US$ 
------------------------------------  ------------------  ----------- 
Loss for the year attributable to 
 shareholders of the Group (US$)             (5,454,659)  (3,957,821) 
Weighted average number of ordinary 
 shares*                                      69,940,338   28,460,390 
------------------------------------  ------------------  ----------- 
Basic and diluted loss per share                 (0.078)      (0.139) 
------------------------------------  ------------------  ----------- 
 

For diluted loss per share, the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue is adjusted to assume conversion of all potential dilutive warrants, options and convertible loans over ordinary shares. Potential ordinary shares resulting from the exercise of warrants, options and the conversion of convertible loans have an anti-dilutive effect due to the Group being in a loss position. As a result, diluted loss per share is disclosed as the same value as basic loss per share.

The Group sub-divided its share capital on the basis of 26.71999:1 in February 2018. The weighted average for the year ended 31 December 2017 reflects this.

   10                  Taxation 

There were no charges to current corporate taxation due to the losses incurred by the Group in the period. No deferred tax assets have been recognised due to the uncertainty of reversal being dependant on future taxable profits.

Income taxes computed at the statutory federal income tax of 21% (2017: 35%) and the state income tax of 3.30% (2017: 3.30%). UK corporation tax is calculated at 19% of the estimated assessable profits for the year.

 
                                                  2018          2017 
                                                   US$           US$ 
----------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Loss on ordinary activities before tax    (5,454,659)   (3,957,821) 
----------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Loss on ordinary activities multiplied 
  by the rate of corporation tax in the 
  US as above                              (1,145,478)   (1,385,237) 
 Effects of: 
 Adjustments for rate of tax in other 
  jurisdictions                                 26,611       226,518 
 Unrelieved tax losses carried forward       1,118,867     1,158,719 
 Total taxation charge                               -             - 
----------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

The tax reform act of 1986 contains provisions which limit the ability to utilise the net operating loss carryforwards in the case of certain events including significant changes in ownership interests. If the Group's net operating loss carryforward, the Group would incur a federal income tax liability even though net operating loss carryforwards would be available in future years.

    11              Property, plant and equipment 
 
                                 Leasehold        Furniture           Computers 
                              improvements    and equipment    and IT equipment    Total 
                                       US$              US$                 US$      US$ 
-------------------------- 
 Cost 
 At 1 January 2017                   2,695           27,671               8,232   38,598 
 Additions                               -                -              16,834   16,834 
 At 31 December 2017                 2,695           27,671              25,066   55,432 
--------------------------  --------------  ---------------  ------------------  ------- 
 Additions                               -            4,952               1,599    6,551 
 At 31 December 2018                 2,695           32,623              26,665   61,983 
--------------------------  --------------  ---------------  ------------------  ------- 
 Accumulated depreciation 
 At 1 January 2017                     360           19,516               6,737   26,613 
 Depreciation expense                  539            2,775               4,164    7,478 
 At 31 December 2017                   899           22,291              10,901   34,091 
--------------------------  --------------  ---------------  ------------------  ------- 
 Depreciation expense                  539            3,380               6,221   10,140 
 At 31 December 2018                 1,438           25,671              17,122   44,231 
--------------------------  --------------  ---------------  ------------------  ------- 
 Carrying amount 
 At 31 December 2017                 1,796            5,380              14,165   21,341 
--------------------------  --------------  ---------------  ------------------  ------- 
 At 31 December 2018                 1,257            6,952               9,543   17,752 
--------------------------  --------------  ---------------  ------------------  ------- 
 
   12                  Intangible assets 
 
                                             Patents       Total 
                                                 US$         US$ 
----------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Cost 
 At 1 January 2017                            46,000      46,000 
 Additions - m2m (see note 3 - basis of 
  consolidation)                           4,999,996   4,999,996 
 At 31 December 2017                       5,045,996   5,045,996 
----------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Additions                                         -           - 
----------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 At 31 December 2018                       5,045,996   5,045,996 
----------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Accumulated amortisation 
  At 1 January 2017                           23,000      23,000 
 Amortisation expense                        361,746     361,746 
 At 31 December 2017                         384,746     384,746 
----------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Amortisation expense                        616,852     616,852 
 At 31 December 2018                       1,001,598   1,001,598 
----------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Carrying amount 
 At 31 December 2017                       4,661,250   4,661,250 
----------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 At 31 December 2018                       4,044,398   4,044,398 
----------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 
   13                  Investment in subsidiary undertakings 
 
                        Subsidiary Undertakings 
 Company                                    US$ 
---------------------  ------------------------ 
 Cost 
 At 31 December 2017                  4,342,848 
 Additions                                    - 
 At 31 December 2018                  4,342,848 
---------------------  ------------------------ 
 Carrying amount 
 At 31 December 2017                  4,342,848 
 At 31 December 2018                  4,342,848 
---------------------  ------------------------ 
 

The Directors annually assess the carrying value of the investment in the Subsidiary and in their opinion no impairment provision is currently necessary.

The net carrying amounts noted above relates to the Subsidiary. The subsidiary undertakings during the year were as follows:

 
                                                                      Interest 
                                                    Country of         held 
             Registered office address               incorporation     % 
 Polarean    2500 Meridian Parkway #175, Durham, 
  Inc.        NC 27713, USA                         USA               100 
----------  -------------------------------------  ----------------  --------- 
 
   14                  Trade and other receivables 
 
                                          Group                     Company 
 Amounts falling due           2018         2017          2018          2017 
  after one year                US$          US$           US$           US$ 
---------------------   -----------  -----------  ------------  ------------ 
 Rental deposit              12,539       12,539             -             - 
----------------------  -----------  -----------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 
                                        Group                  Company 
 
   Amounts falling due within         2018      2017        2018        2017 
   one year                            US$       US$         US$         US$ 
------------------------------  ----------  --------  ----------  ---------- 
 Trade receivables                 166,277       750           -           - 
 Other receivables               3,972,321   415,331   3,708,681           - 
 Prepayments                        87,367    31,686           -           - 
 Due from Group undertakings             -         -   5,661,930   1,851,021 
 Called up share capital 
  not fully paid                       620       620           -           - 
 Due from borrowings                     -    40,474           -      40,474 
------------------------------  ----------  --------  ----------  ---------- 
                                 4,226,585   488,861   9,370,611   1,891,495 
------------------------------  ----------  --------  ----------  ---------- 
 

The Company's other receivable of US$3.7 million relates to the funds outstanding from the share issue on 28 December 2018.

Analysis of trade receivables based on age of invoices

 
           < 30   31 - 60    61 -90      > 90  Total Gross       ECL  Total Net 
        GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000      GBP'000   GBP'000    GBP'000 
-----  --------  --------  --------  --------  -----------  --------  --------- 
2018    163,677     2,600         -         -      166,277         -    166,277 
2017        750         -         -         -          750         -        750 
-----  --------  --------  --------  --------  -----------  --------  --------- 
 

The Group applies the IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses (ECL) which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance for all trade receivables. The ECL balance has been determined based on historical data available to management in addition to forward looking information utilising management knowledge. Based on the analyses performed there is no material impact on the transition to ECL. The Company applies a similar approach to measuring ECL for the amounts due from Group Undertakings.

Trade receivables are amounts due from customers for goods sold or services performed in the ordinary course of business. They are generally due for settlement within 30 days and therefore are all classified as current. The majority of trade and other receivables are non-interest bearing. Where the effect is material, trade and other receivables are discounted using discount rates which reflect the relevant costs of financing. The carrying amount of trade and other receivables approximates fair value.

   15                  Inventory 
 
                                 Group 
                         2018      2017 
                          US$       US$ 
 Component parts      651,781   649,860 
------------------  ---------  -------- 
 
   16                  Cash and cash equivalents 
 
                                    Group             Company 
                                 2018      2017      2018     2017 
                                  US$       US$       US$      US$ 
 Cash at bank and in hand     875,601   960,217   235,766   23,106 
---------------------------  --------  --------  --------  ------- 
 
 
   17                  Share capital 

The issued share capital of the Company was as follows:

 
 Allotted and called up 
  - Ordinary shares of 0.037p              2018     2018         2017     2017 
  each                                      No.      US$          No.      US$ 
---------------------------------  ------------  -------  -----------  ------- 
 At beginning of period              48,470,142   23,291        2,672        1 
 Issue of shares on group 
  reorganisation                              -        -   42,286,709   20,320 
 Issue of shares to investors        47,321,448   23,540    6,180,761    2,970 
 Issue of shares upon converting 
  loans                               4,939,303    2,596            -        - 
---------------------------------  ------------  -------  -----------  ------- 
 At end of year                     100,730,893   49,427   48,470,142   23,291 
---------------------------------  ------------  -------  -----------  ------- 
 

The Company was incorporated on 24 October 2016 with issued share capital of GBP1 comprising 1 ordinary share of GBP1 each. On 30 May 2017 the share capital of the Group was divided into 100 ordinary shares of 1p each.

On 30 May 2017 the Company issued 1,582,587 new ordinary shares as consideration for the acquisition of 100% of the issued share capital of the Subsidiary.

On 31 May 2017, the Company raised US$2 million of pre-IPO funding by way of the issue of 231,316 new ordinary shares at a price of GBP6.68 per share.

On 16 February 2018 the Company sub-divided its share capital on the basis of 26.71999:1. The number of ordinary shares in issue in the Company at 31 December 2017 reflects the sub-division.

On 28 March 2018 the Company issued 20,000,000 new ordinary shares at a price of GBP0.15 each.

On 16 July 2018 the Company issued 5,000,000 new ordinary shares at a price of GBP0.16 each.

On 28 December 2018, the Company issued 22,321,448 new ordinary shares at a price of GBP0.14 each. Of the US$4.0 million (excluding expenses) raised from investors, US$3.7 million remain outstanding at year-end.

   18                  Reserves 

Share premium

Share premium represents the excess of subscription amounts for the issue of shares over nominal value of shares issued, less any attributable share issue costs.

Group re-organisation reserve

The group re-organisation reserve arose on the transaction under which the Group acquired the Subsidiary by way of a group re-organisation.

Other equity

Includes the value of conversion rights on convertible loans.

Share based payment reserve

Cumulative fair value of options charged to the consolidated income statement net of transfers to the profit or loss reserve on exercised and cancelled/lapsed options.

Accumulated losses

Includes all current and prior year retained profits and losses.

Merger reserve

The balance on the merger reserve represents the fair value of the consideration given in excess of the nominal value of the ordinary shares issued in an acquisition made by the issue of shares where the transaction qualifies for merger relief under the Companies Act 2006.

   19                  Share based payments 

Share options

The Company grants share options at its discretion to Directors, management and employees. These are accounted for as equity settled transactions. Should the options remain unexercised after a period of ten years from the date of grant the options will expire unless an extension is agreed to by the board. Options are exercisable at a price equal to the Company's quoted market price on the date of grant or an exercise price to be determined by the board.

Details of share options granted, exercised, lapsed and outstanding at the year-end are as follows:

 
                                                                                       Number 
                                                                                     of share 
                                                                 Weighted average                             Weighted 
                                                                   exercise price                     average exercise 
                                                                            (US$)     options              price (GBP) 
                                          Number of share 
                                             options 2018                    2018        2017                     2017 
------------------------  -------------------------------  ----------------------  ----------  ----------------------- 
 Outstanding at 
  beginning 
  of year                                       5,156,960                    0.02   5,156,960                     0.02 
 Granted during the year                       10,403,600                    0.20           -                        - 
 Forfeited/lapsed during                                -                       -           -                        - 
  the year 
 Outstanding at end of 
  the year                                     15,560,560                    0.13   5,156,960                     0.02 
------------------------  -------------------------------  ----------------------  ----------  ----------------------- 
 Exercisable at end of 
  the year                                      6,590,282                    0.07   4,304,619                     0.01 
------------------------  -------------------------------  ----------------------  ----------  ----------------------- 
 

During the year ended 31 December 2018, 10,403,600 options were granted (2017: Nil). The options will vest in equal portions on an annual basis on the anniversary of Admission, over the four year period from the date of Admission. The options outstanding as at 31 December 2018 have an exercise price in the range of US$0.0041 to US$0.20 (2017: US$0.0041 to US$0.0337).

The fair value of options granted has been calculated using the Black Scholes model which has given rise to fair values per share of US$0.09. This is based on risk-free rates of 1.41% and volatility of 40.84%.

The Black Scholes calculations for the options granted resulted in a charge of US$211,015 (2017: US$66,859) which has been expensed in the year.

The weighted average remaining contractual life of the share options is 7.91 years (2017: 6.2 years).

All share options are equity settled on exercise.

On 23 May 2019, the Company granted 1.2 million share options to Chuck Osborne with an exercise price of 15 pence per share. 25% of the options shall vest on 29 April 2020 with the remaining 75% vesting in equal portions on the last day of each calendar month over the period of 36 months, starting on 31 May 2020.

Share warrants

The Company grants share warrants at its discretion to Directors, management, employees, advisors and lenders. These are accounted for as equity settled transactions. Terms of warrants very from agreement to agreement.

Details for the warrants granted, exercised, lapsed and outstanding at the year-end are as follows:

 
 
                                                Weighted average                               Weighted 
                                                  exercise price         Number of     average exercise 
                                                           (US$)    share warrants          price (US$) 
                                   Number of 
                              share warrants 
                                        2018                2018              2017                 2017 
--------------------------  ----------------  ------------------  ----------------  ------------------- 
 Outstanding at beginning 
  of year                          9,065,428                0.15         5,081,449                 0.01 
 Granted during the year             866,236                0.20         3,983,979                 0.33 
 Forfeited/lapsed during 
  the year                       (2,908,125)                0.30                 -                    - 
 Outstanding at end of 
  the year                         7,023,539                0.09         9,065,428                 0.15 
--------------------------  ----------------  ------------------  ----------------  ------------------- 
 Exercisable at end of 
  the year                         7,023,539                0.09         4,371,841                 0.00 
--------------------------  ----------------  ------------------  ----------------  ------------------- 
 

On 30 May 2017, by way of a Warrant Substitution Agreement the outstanding warrants in the Subsidiary were substituted into warrants over shares in the Company. The Warrant Substitution Agreement did not vary or amend any of the terms and conditions of the warrants granted.

On completion of the m2m merger the Company granted a warrant of 5% of the issued share capital of the Subsidiary following the merger to Amphion Innovations Plc, Robert Bertoldi and Richard Morgan. A total of 2,618,373 warrants were issued pursuant to the Amphion Warrant Instrument.

On 31 May 2017 the Company granted 1,236,174 warrants to subscribers as part of the pre-merger fundraise on 31 May 2017 (Subscriber Warrants). These warrants can be exercised at any time from Admission to 25 May 2021.

As part of the pre-Admission fundraising which was completed in December 2017 the Company granted 129,432 warrants to subscribers (Pre-Admission Fundraise Warrants). These warrants can be exercised at any time from Admission to 25 May 2021.

On 11 January 2018 the Company granted 866,236 warrants to subscribers with an exercise price of 15 pence per share which vested immediately and expiry on 31 March 2019.

On 16 February 2018 the Company sub-divided its share capital on the basis of 26.71999:1. The warrants above reflect this event.

The fair value of options granted during the year have been calculated using the Black Scholes model which has given rise to fair values per share of US$0.04. This is based on risk-free rates of 1.41% and volatility of 40.84%.

The Black Scholes calculations for warrants resulted in a charge of US$40,775 (2017: US$348,007) which has been expensed in the year.

The weighted average remaining contractual life of the share warrants is 4.1 years (2017: 3.6 years).

On 2 April 2019 the Company issued 705,040 new ordinary shares of GBP0.00037 each in the capital of the Company at the exercise price of 15 pence per share, following the exercise of warrants from certain investors that subscribed in January 2018. The total consideration received by the Company pursuant to the warrant exercise will be GBP105,756. The remaining 157,796 warrants issued in January 2018 lapsed on 1 April 2019.

   20           Provision for contingent consideration 
 
                                   Group           Company 
                                2018      2017   2018   2017 
                                 US$       US$    US$    US$ 
 Provision for contingent 
  consideration              316,000   316,000      -      - 
--------------------------  --------  --------  -----  ----- 
 
 

On 19 December 2011, the Subsidiary entered into an agreement with a third party to purchase various assets, including patents, trademarks, a license agreement and physical inventory. As consideration for this transaction, the Subsidiary agreed to pay 5 per cent. of gross revenue on clinical sales of products that are sold related to the patents purchased, for seven years from the date of the commercial sale. As of 31 December 2018, the fair value of this contingent consideration was US$316,000 (2017: US$316,000). This liability is valued based on a probability weighted expected return method using projected future cash flows. There were no significant events in the year ended 31 December 2018 necessitating revision of the probability weighted expected value of the contingent consideration.

There was therefore no profit or loss arising on revaluation of contingent consideration during the year ended 31 December 2018 (2017: nil).

   21           Deferred income 
 
                              Group           Company 
                            2018     2017   2018   2017 
                             US$      US$    US$    US$ 
----------------------  --------  -------  -----  ----- 
 Arising from service 
  contracts 
 Current                  54,829   26,562      -      - 
 Non-current              70,726        -      -      - 
----------------------  --------  -------  -----  ----- 
                         125,555   26,562      -      - 
----------------------  --------  -------  -----  ----- 
 
   22           Trade and other payables 
 
                                        Group               Company 
                                     2018        2017     2018     2017 
                                      US$         US$      US$      US$ 
-----------------------------  ----------  ----------  -------  ------- 
 Trade payables                   417,356     711,363        -        - 
 Accruals and other payables      923,126     945,013   28,174   25,742 
 Royalties                        250,000     250,000        -        - 
-----------------------------  ----------  ----------  -------  ------- 
                                1,590,482   1,906,376   28,174   25,742 
-----------------------------  ----------  ----------  -------  ------- 
 

Trade payables and accruals principally comprise amounts outstanding for trade purchases and ongoing costs and are payable within 1 year.

Royalties comprise a fixed payment of US$250,000 in relation to an agreement entered into by the Subsidiary for the use of patents, see note 24 - Royalty commitments.

The Directors consider the carrying value of all financial liabilities to be equivalent to their fair value.

   23           Borrowings and loans 
 
                                 Group            Company 
                            2018        2017   2018      2017 
                             US$         US$    US$       US$ 
------------------------  ------  ----------  -----  -------- 
 Related party loans           -      47,086      -         - 
 Overdraft                 5,213           -      -         - 
 Note payable                  -     265,750      -         - 
 Convertible loan notes        -     791,887      -   785,747 
------------------------  ------  ----------  -----  -------- 
                           5,213   1,104,723      -   785,747 
------------------------  ------  ----------  -----  -------- 
 

In June 2013, an unsecured subordinated promissory note was issued to a related party for a principal amount of US$8,000 per month for 18 months for a total of US$144,000. The note bears interest at 3 per cent. per annum. All principal and outstanding interest on the note is was repaid in December 2018.

In April 2017, an unsecured loan note was issued for a principal amount of US250,000. The note bears interest at 6.75 per cent. per annum. All principal and outstanding interest on the note was repaid in April 2018.

An unsecured promissory note that was issued in June 2017 for a principal amount of US$150,000, with an interest rate of 6 per cent per annum, was settled in full including all outstanding interest in April 2018.

In December 2017, an unsecured convertible loan note was issued for a principal amount of US$903,000 (GBP647,147) was converted with accrued interest, into 4,939,303 ordinary shares in the Company at a conversion price equal to 90 per cent of the issue price of the ordinary shares upon admission.

 
 Net debt reconciliation 
                                                                      2018              2017 
                                                                       US$               US$ 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents                                         875,601           960,217 
 Current borrowings                                                (5,213)       (1,104,723) 
----------------------------     ------------------  ---------------------  ---------------- 
 Net debt                                                          870,388         (144,506) 
-------------------------------  ------------------  ---------------------  ---------------- 
 
 
                                           Cash and                Current 
                                   cash equivalents             borrowings             Total 
                                                US$                    US$               US$ 
 
 Net debt at 1 January 
  2017                                       97,847              (104,541)           (6,694) 
 
 Cash flows                                 862,370            (1,047,014)         (184,644) 
 Other non-cash movements                         -                 46,832            46,832 
 
 Net debt at 31 December 
  2017                                      960,217            (1,104,723)         (144,506) 
                                 ------------------  ---------------------  ---------------- 
 
 Cash flows                                (84,616)                307,623           223,007 
 Other non-cash movements                         -                791,887           791,887 
 
 Net debt at 31 December 
  2018                                      875,601                (5,213)           870,388 
                                 ------------------  ---------------------  ---------------- 
 
   24           Commitments 

Royalty commitments

The Subsidiary has entered into three agreements requiring royalty payments. One agreement is conditional and requires a payment of 5 per cent. of gross revenue on clinical sales during the payment period beginning on the date a product is first commercially sold, contingent on receiving FDA approval, and ending seven years from that date. A separate agreement requires payments of 0.25 per cent of net sales of machines, and 20 per cent of any sublicensing income for a specific method of use of patent beginning in 2016. Additionally, beginning five years after the effective date of 1 February 2021, there are minimum yearly royalties of US$5,000. The third agreement requires a fixed payment of US$250,000 for use of patents.

Operating lease commitments

At 31 December 2018, the Company was committed to making the following payments under non-cancellable operating leases:

 
                                                                      Land & Buildings 
                                                            2018                   2017 
                                                             US$                    US$ 
-----------------------------------------  ---------------------  --------------------- 
 No later than one year                                   73,522                 72,205 
 Later than one year, and not later than 
  five years                                             109,899                183,421 
 Total                                                   183,421                255,626 
-----------------------------------------  ---------------------  --------------------- 
 

The operating lease commitments for the rental of the property is calculated on a straight-line basis over the length of the lease.

   25          Financial instruments 

The Group has exposure to the following key risks related to financial instruments:

   i.         Market risk 
   ii.         Credit risk 
   iii.        Liquidity risk 

This note presents information about the Group's exposure to each of the above risks, the Group's objectives, policies and processes for measuring and managing risk, and the Group's management of capital. Further quantitative disclosures are included throughout these consolidated Financial Statements.

The Group uses financial instruments including cash, loans, as well as trade receivables and payables that arise directly from operations.

Due to the simple nature of these financial instruments, there is no material difference between book and fair values, discounting would not give a material difference to the results of the Group and the Directors believe that there are no material sensitivities that require additional disclosure.

   (a)          Credit risk 

Credit risk refers to the risk that a counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in financial loss to the Subsidiary. In order to minimise the risk, the Subsidiary endeavours only to deal with companies which are demonstrably creditworthy and this, together with the aggregate financial exposure, is continuously monitored. The maximum exposure to credit risk is the value of the outstanding amount.

The Directors do not consider that there is any concentration of risk within either trade or other receivables. There are no impairments to trade or other receivables in each of the years presented.

The Company has made unsecured interest-free loan to its Subsidiary and is repayable on demand and is expected to be repaid in the future as the Subsidiary is revenue generative.

Categories of financial instruments

 
                                           Group                  Company 
                                        2018        2017        2018        2017 
                                         US$         US$         US$         US$ 
--------------------------------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 Cash and cash equivalents           875,601     960,217     235,766      23,106 
 Loans and receivables 
 Trade and other receivables 
  - current                        4,226,585     488,861   9,370,611   1,891,495 
 Trade and other receivables 
  - non-current                       12,539      12,539           -           - 
--------------------------------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 Financial Liabilities measured 
  at amortised cost 
 Trade and other payables          1,590,482   1,906,376      28,174      25,742 
 Borrowings - current                  5,213   1,104,723           -     785,747 
 

Borrowings

 
                                 Group            Company 
                            2018        2017   2018      2017 
 Financial Instruments       US$         US$    US$       US$ 
 Related Party Loans           -      47,086      -         - 
 Overdraft                 5,213           -      -         - 
 Note payable                  -     265,750      -         - 
 Convertible Loan Notes        -     791,887      -   785,747 
------------------------  ------  ----------  -----  -------- 
 Total                     5,213   1,104,723      -   785,747 
------------------------  ------  ----------  -----  -------- 
 

In June 2013, an unsecured subordinated promissory note was issued to Technology Commercialization Group, for whom Kenneth West was a retained consultant, for a principal amount of US$8,000 per month for 18 months for a total of US$144,000. The note bears interest at 3 per cent. per annum. This was repaid in full in December 2018.

In December 2017, an unsecured convertible loan note was issued for a principal amount of US$903,000 (GBP647,147) was converted with accrued interest, into 4,939,303 ordinary shares in the Company at a conversion price equal to 90 per cent of the issue price of the ordinary shares upon admission.

Capital risk management

The Group manages its capital to ensure that it will be able to continue as a going concern while maximising returns to shareholders through the optimisation of debt and equity balances. The Group is both equity and debt funded, and these two elements combine to make up the capital structure of the business. Equity comprises share capital, share premium and retained losses and is equal to the amount shown as 'Equity' in the statement of financial position. Debt comprises various items which are set out in further detail above and in note 23.

The Group manages the capital structure and makes adjustments to it in the light of changes to economic conditions and risks.

   (b)          Market risk 

The interest rate profile of the Subsidiary's borrowings is shown below:

Interest rate profile of interest-bearing borrowings:

 
                                   2018                2017 
                              Debt    Interest     Debt   Interest 
                               US$        rate      US$       rate 
--------------------------  ------  ----------  -------  --------- 
 Fixed rate borrowings 
  Related party loans            -          -%   24,852      6-10% 
--------------------------  ------  ----------  -------  --------- 
 Weighted average cost of 
  fixed rate borrowings          -          -%   24,852         8% 
--------------------------  ------  ----------  -------  --------- 
 

Details of the above borrowings can be found in note 23 above.

Interest rate sensitivity analysis

As the interest rates on shareholders loans are fixed, interest rate risk is considered to be very low.

   (c)          Liquidity risk 

A maturity analysis of the Group's borrowings is shown below:

 
                                    2018      2017 
                                     US$       US$ 
-------------------------------   ------  -------- 
 Less than one year                5,213    49,631 
 One to two years                      -         - 
 Two to five years                     -         - 
-------------------------------   ------  -------- 
 Total including interest cash 
  flows                            5,213    49,631 
 Less: interest cash flows             -   (2,545) 
--------------------------------  ------  -------- 
 Total principal cash flows        5,213    47,086 
--------------------------------  ------  -------- 
 

Derivatives

The Group and Company have no derivative financial instruments.

   26           Contingent liabilities 

The Directors are not aware of any material contingent liabilities, except for the contingent consideration detailed in note 20.

   27           Related party transactions 

In June 2013, an unsecured subordinated promissory note was issued to Technology Commercialization Group, for whom Ken West was a retained consultant, for a principal amount of US$8,000 per month for 18 months for a total of US$144,000. The note bears interest at 3 per cent per annum. All principal and outstanding interest on the note was due 3 June 2016. This was repaid in full in December 2018.

   28           Events after the reporting period 

On the 2 April 2019, the Company issued 705,040 new ordinary shares of GBP0.00037 each at an exercise price of 15 pence per share in relation to the warrants exercised by certain investors that subscribed for Convertible Loan Notes the Group undertook in a pre-Admission fundraise in December 2017. The Company received GBP105,756.

On 23 May 2019, the Company granted 1.2 million share options to Chuck Osborne with an exercise price of 15 pence per share. 25% of the options shall vest on 29 April 2020 with the remaining 75% shall vest in equal portions on the last day of each calendar month over the period of 36 months, starting on 31 May 2020.

Notice of Annual General Meeting

The Annual General Meeting of Polarean Imaging plc will be held at the offices of Reed Smith LLP at The Broadgate Tower, 20 Primrose Street, London EC2A 2RS at 2.00 p.m. on 25 July 2019.

This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.

END

FR SEEEFMFUSEEM

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