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Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Great Portland Estates Plc LSE:GPE London Ordinary Share GB00BF5H9P87 ORD 15 5/19P
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  17.50 3.16% 570.50 570.50 571.00 571.50 557.00 565.00 1,145,948 16:35:06
Industry Sector Turnover (m) Profit (m) EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap (m)
Real Estate Investment & Services 84.2 166.7 66.1 8.6 1,448

Great Portland Estates PLC Half Year Results

17/11/2022 7:00am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


Great Portland Estates (LSE:GPE)
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RNS Number : 6917G

Great Portland Estates PLC

17 November 2022

17 November 2022

Strong operating results supported by record leasing and financial strength

The Directors of Great Portland Estates plc announce the results for the Group for the six months ended 30 September 2022 (1) , with highlights including:

-- New leasing record including largest ever letting at 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2; 4.4% ahead of ERV(2)

-- Significant capex programme of GBP1.1 billion; 1.5 million sq ft delivering into supply drought

   --     Yield driven valuation decline of 3.4% (ERVs up 0.7%);  EPRA NTA per share of 794 pence 
   --     Significant financial strength; low pro forma LTV of 17.8% and GBP494m of liquidity 
   --     GPE well positioned to capitalise on opportunities emerging in London 

Toby Courtauld, Chief Executive, said: " Over the past six months, property values in our markets have come under pressure, given the challenging macro-economic and geopolitical environment. However, demand for best in class spaces remains robust, driving strong leasing activity, best illustrated by our own record leasing since March, growing prime office rents and enabling us to continue recycling capital out of mature assets at near cycle-low yields.

Whilst economic challenges may persist in the near term, our experience is that many customers are looking through the downturn in assessing their real estate needs, seeking to trade up to great spaces that are fit for future working patterns. In that context, GPE is well placed; the central London office market is prospectively starved of new, Grade A supply and we plan to deliver our GBP1.1 billion capex programme into this shortage and a recovering economy; our flex office offer is growing well, delivering our highest rental growth through providing great service to customers; and our strong balance sheet, low leverage and plentiful liquidity combined with our long track record of creating opportunities in volatile market conditions means that we are well positioned to capitalise. GPE is in good health and, against this backdrop, we look to our future with confidence."

Record leasing inc. pre-let of all offices at 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2; 4.4% ahead of ERV(2)

-- GBP16.7 million p.a. of new annual rent across 205,300 sq ft (inc. GBP4.6 million in retail), market lettings 4.4% above March 2022 ERV (Fully Managed lettings: 10.3%>ERV); further GBP6.6 million of lettings under offer

-- Our Flex offer now c.15% of office portfolio, targeting 650,000 sq ft (c.26%) of office portfolio by 2027

-- Rent roll up 5.4%, vacancy down to 7.4% (Mar 2022: 10.8%); 3.3% excl. developments; 100% rent collection

-- Since 1 October, further GBP27.5 million p.a. of new annual rent signed across 346,300 sq ft, market lettings 2.5% above March 2022 ERV, including:

o Our largest ever pre-let at 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2; GBP24.7 million, 20 year term

Total prospective capex of GBP1.1 billion; commitment to 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2

-- Good progress across 13 schemes, well timed to deliver into supply constrained market; 1.5 million sq ft; c.50% of portfolio

-- Net Zero Carbon refurbishment at 50 Finsbury Square, EC2 on track for hand over to Inmarsat in December

-- Following pre-let, commitment to develop 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2, anticipated completion Q4 2025

-- Three further near-term development schemes, starts from 2023; with significant refurbishment programme to enhance our Fully Managed offer

Valuation down 3.4% driven by yield expansion; EPRA(4) NTA per share of 794 pence

-- Portfolio valuation of GBP2.6 billion, down 3.4%(3) ; -3.9% offices (inc. Flex -1.4%) and -1.5% retail

-- Rental values up by 0.7%(3) (+1.0% offices (inc. Flex +3.3%) and -0.5% retail); yield expansion of 15 bp

   --     Portfolio rental value growth guidance of 0% to +2.5% for the financial year 
   --     IFRS NAV and EPRA(4) NTA per share of 794 pence, down 4.9% over six months 

-- EPRA(4) earnings of GBP11.4 million, down 39.0% on H1 2021. EPRA(4) EPS of 4.5 pence, down 39.2%

-- IFRS loss after tax of GBP86.6 million (2021: profit of GBP62.2 million) ; interim dividend maintained at 4.7 pence per share

Significant strength; profitable capital recycling, pro forma LTV of 17.8%

-- Two sales (GBP217.8 million) inc. exchange of 50 Finsbury Square, EC2 for GBP190 million in October, reflecting a topped up net initial yield of 3.85% and capital value of GBP1,471 per sq ft, completion Q1 2023

-- Two acquisitions (GBP37.1 million) inc. 6/10 St Andrew Street, EC4 for GBP30.0 million (GBP650 per sq ft), growing our Fully Managed offer

-- Pro forma (5) EPRA LTV of 17.8%, weighted average interest rate of 2.7%, cash and undrawn facilities of GBP494 million(5) ; weighted average debt maturity of 6.8 (5) years; no maturities in next 18 months

   --     Reviewing GBP0.9 billion of acquisitions and GBP100 million of sales 

-- Team reorganisation and promoting from within to deliver Customer First approach and position business to take advantage of changing market conditions

(1) All values include share of joint ventures unless otherwise stated (2) Leasing in period to 30 September 2022 3. On a like-for-like basis (3) In accordance with EPRA guidance (4) We prepare our financial statements using IFRS, however we also use a number of adjusted measures in assessing and managing the performance of the business. These include like-for-like figures to aid in the comparability of the underlying business and proportionately consolidated measures, which represent the Group's gross share of joint ventures rather than the net equity accounted presentation included in the IFRS financial statements. These metrics have been disclosed as management review and monitor performance of the business on this basis. We have also included a number of measures defined by EPRA, which are designed to enhance transparency and comparability across the European Real Estate sector, see note 7 to the financial statements. Our primary NAV metric is EPRA NTA which we consider to be the most relevant measure for the Group. (5) Pro forma for the expected proceeds from the sale of 50 Finsbury Square, EC2 (GBP190 million), after deducting expected capex to complete (GBP11.3 million).

 
Contacts: 
 
Great Portland Estates plc                          +44  (0)   20  7647  3000 
Toby Courtauld, Chief Executive 
Nick Sanderson, Chief Financial & Operating 
 Officer 
 Stephen Burrows, Director of Financial Reporting 
 & IR 
 
FGS Global                                          +44  (0)   20  7251  3801 
James Murgatroyd 
Gordon Simpson 
 

The results presentation will be broadcast live at 10.00am today with the link available at:

www.gpe.co.uk/investors/latest-results

A conference call facility will also be available to listen to the presentation at 10.00am today on the following numbers:

UK: 0808 109 0701 (freephone) International: +44 (0) 33 0551 0202

Conference PIN: 8414019#

A video interview with Toby Courtauld and Nick Sanderson is available, along with accompanying presentation materials and appendices, at:

www.gpe.co.uk/investors/latest-results

For further information see www.gpe.co.uk or follow us on Twitter at @GPE_plc

Disclaimer

This announcement contains certain forward-looking statements. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risk and uncertainty because they relate to future events and circumstances. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from any outcomes or results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.

Any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of Great Portland Estates plc (GPE) speak only as of the date they are made and no representation or warranty is given in relation to them, including as to their completeness or accuracy or the basis on which they were prepared. GPE does not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect any changes in GPE's expectations with regard thereto or any changes in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

Information contained in this announcement relating to the Company or its share price, or the yield on its shares, should not be relied upon as an indicator of future performance.

To view the accompanying graphics please paste the below into your web browser

http://www.rns-pdf.londonstockexchange.com/rns/6917G_1-2022-11-16.pdf

Half Year Results

Our business

Our business is accompanied by graphics (see Appendix 1 and 3)

Our leasing and Flex activities

During the six months to 30 September 2022, momentum in our occupational markets remained good. Our Customer First approach has continued to attract demand for our brand of high quality, well-located space, resulting in a strong first half leasing performance.

Key highlights include:

-- 63 new leases were signed during the first half (2021: 35 leases), generating annual rent of GBP16.7 million (our share: GBP15.1 million; 2021: GBP21.8 million), market lettings 4.4% above March 2022 ERVs (offices; 5.1%; retail -2.8%), including;

o six Fitted and eleven Fully Managed leases, achieving on average GBP183 per sq ft on the Fully Managed space, 10.3% ahead of March 2022 ERV; and

o 20 new retail leases securing GBP4.6 million of rent with market lettings 2.8% below March 2022 ERV, including two units at 50 Finsbury Square, EC2, where the retail space is now all let or under offer.

-- nine rent reviews securing GBP10.1 million p.a. (our share: GBP5.2 million; 2021: GBP2.0 million) of rent were settled during the half year, 2.0% ahead of previous passing rent and 5.0% ahead of ERV;

-- total space covered by new lettings, reviews and renewals during the first half was 358,000 sq ft (2021: 387,200 sq ft);

-- 78% (by area) of the 87 leases with breaks or expiries in the twelve months to 30 September 2022 were retained, re-let, or are under offer, leaving 66,000 sq ft still to transact; and

-- following the successful leasing period, the Group's rent roll has increased by 5.4% to GBP109.7 million and the Group's vacancy has reduced to 7.4% (31 March 2022: 10.8%).

The table below summarises our leasing transactions in the period:

 
 Leasing Transactions                 Three months            Six months            Six months 
                                ended 30 September    ended 30 September    ended 30 September 
                                              2022                  2022                  2021 
---------------------------   --------------------  --------------------  -------------------- 
 New leases and renewals 
  completed 
 Number                                         43                    63                    35 
 GPE share of rent p.a.             GBP9.7 million       GBP15.1 million       GBP21.8 million 
 Area (sq ft)                              146,200               205,300               358,800 
 Rent per sq ft (including                   GBP99                GBP104                 GBP76 
  retail) 
 
   Rent reviews settled 
 Number                                          7                     9                     3 
 GPE share of rent p.a.             GBP4.8 million        GBP5.2 million        GBP2.0 million 
 Area (sq ft)                              148,300               152,700                28,400 
 Rent per sq ft (including                   GBP64                 GBP66                 GBP72 
  retail) 
----------------------------  --------------------  --------------------  -------------------- 
 

Note: Includes joint ventures at share

Notable transactions during the six months included:

-- At 1 Newman Street, W1, we signed a further two office leases (27,700 sq ft) in the period for a combined rent of GBP2.6 million p.a. These two lettings completed the 80,700 sq ft office leasing at an average 3.2% ahead of ERV and an average void of only five months;

-- At Kent House, W1, following the recent conversion of a 4,000 sq ft unit to Fully Managed space, we secured a new customer on a two year term at a record GBP240 per sq ft average over the term; and

-- In early July, we leased a further retail unit at Hanover Square, W1 to the Opera Gallery, who will be relocating further north on New Bond Street to create a new larger flagship premises across basement, ground and first floor levels totalling over 6,100 sq ft of space. Opera Gallery will join other luxury retailers at our Hanover Square scheme, including Canali, Pronovias, Seiko, Moyses Stevens and WatchHouse. With a further letting to Bang & Olufsen completed post 30 September, there are now only two retail stores remaining, both of which are under offer.

At 30 September 2022, the Group's vacancy rate (including share of joint ventures) was 7.4%, down from 10.8% at 31 March 2022, due to the strong leasing in the period. Excluding recently completed developments, the vacancy rate was 3.3%, down from 4.4% at 31 March 2022. The average passing rent across our office portfolio was GBP71.50 per sq ft, up from GBP67.50 per sq ft at 31 March 2022.

Since 30 September 2022, our leasing activity included:

-- The pre-let of all 321,100 sq ft of office space at our 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2 development to a leading international law firm. Clifford Chance entered an agreement to lease for the lower ground to twelfth floors, on separate 20 year leases, with options to break at year 15 together with additional options to break at year eight on the fourth floor; and year twelve on the fifth floor. Clifford Chance also has an option to hand back the first to fourth floors of the building (up to 89,000 sq ft) which expires on 1 March 2024. The agreement to lease is conditional on the discharge of two planning conditions (by May 2023) and approval from the City of London as required by GPE's headlease ahead of practical completion. Clifford Chance will pay an initial average rent of GBP77.00 per sq ft (assuming no space is handed back) and will benefit from 38 months' rent free over the fifteen year terms, with a further three months' rent free in the event those leases are not broken.

-- In total, we completed ten new leases generating GBP27.5 million (our share: GBP27.1 million) of annual rent (346,300 sq ft), with market lettings 2.5% above March 2022 ERVs; and

-- A further 79,300 sq ft of space is under offer which would deliver approximately GBP6.6 million p.a. in rent (our share: GBP5.9 million), with market lettings 2.5% below March 2022 ERVs.

On track to create 650,000 sq ft of Fitted and Fully Managed spaces by 2027

Evolving patterns of work are changing what many customers want from their office space and we are meeting this demand with our innovative Fitted and Fully Managed spaces. During the period, including our Flex partnerships, we increased our flex offerings across the portfolio and they now total 284,000 sq ft (or c.15% of our offices). This included rolling out our offering to two new buildings in the period at Kent House, W1 and Alfred Place, WC1.

Looking forward, our portfolio is well suited to further growing this flexible office exposure. Our average building size is small at around 65,000 sq ft and more than 80% of our floors are sub-10,000 sq ft. We have further ambitions for growth and are targeting to grow our offer organically to more than 650,000 sq ft. This growth would take these offerings to around 26% of our office portfolio by 2027 and we are excited about the opportunity for future growth in this space. We will supplement this growth through targeting investment opportunities that lend themselves to our flexible space products, as demonstrated by our acquisitions of 7/15 Gresse Street, W1 and 6/10 St Andrew Street, EC4 earlier in 2022.

Team reorganisation and promoting from within

As we focus on delivering our Customer First approach and positioning GPE to take advantage of changing market conditions, we have undertaken a team reorganisation whilst also continuing to promote from within. We are rebalancing the responsibilities of our Executive Directors. Nick Sanderson is assuming reporting line responsibility for Marketing, Flex and Customer Experience, whilst Dan Nicholson is taking on New Business, Health & Safety and the newly created Workplace Services function (headed by David O'Sullivan). We are also promoting Rebecca Bradley to Director of Customer Experience and Relationships who will be responsible for operational delivery of customer experience across all our spaces. She will report to Steven Mew who sits on the Executive Committee. Robin Matthews (Investment Director) will be leaving the business. We thank Robin for his six years of service as a valued colleague and Executive Committee member and wish him continued success in the future. There are no changes to the existing composition of the Board, their other responsibilities or any other changes to the Executive Committee resulting from these appointments.

Our development activities and capex programme

Within our GBP1.1 billion prospective capex programme we have continued to make excellent progress with both our two committed and three near-term schemes, and have advanced our plans to further invest in the expansion of our Fully Managed spaces. Since March 2022, we have committed to the 322,700 sq ft development of 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2 and continued to make good progress at 50 Finsbury Square, EC2, scheduled to complete next month and now 100% pre-let or under offer.

Two committed schemes, offices 100% pre-let

At 50 Finsbury Square EC2, construction is advancing well with the scaffolding removed ahead of expected completion next month. The Net Zero Carbon scheme will deliver 129,200 sq ft of refurbished space, including 121,800 sq ft of offices all of which is pre-let to Inmarsat. All of the 7,300 sq ft of retail space has now been let or is under offer. In October 2022, we exchanged contracts to sell the scheme on completion for GBP190.0 million, see below. Based on the sales price, we expect the scheme to deliver a profit on cost of 37%. At 30 September 2022, 50 Finsbury Square, EC2 was valued at GBP176.0 million and required an estimated GBP11.3 million of capital expenditure to complete.

Following the pre-let to Clifford Chance, we have committed to the redevelopment of 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2. Our scheme will substantially increase the size of the building to 322,700 sq ft (up from 176,000 sq ft) and will deliver our second Net Zero Carbon building, after 50 Finsbury Square, EC2. We are currently on-site demolishing the old building and, as part of this process, are extracting the structural steel and reconditioning it for reuse in one of our future development schemes. This pioneering approach will reduce the embodied carbon of the steel when reused by more than 90%. The scheme also includes a number of public realm and amenity improvements that will have a positive impact on the local area and improve accessibility to the western entrance of the Liverpool Street Elizabeth Line station. The cost to complete the scheme is GBP276 million and it is expected to deliver a profit on cost of 11%.

Beyond this, the team continues to prepare our substantial development pipeline of a further six development schemes with prospective deliveries from the mid-2020s and beyond.

Three near term schemes; planning permission granted at French Railways House & 50 Jermyn Street, SW1

In May 2022, we obtained planning permission at French Railways House and 50 Jermyn Street, SW1, part of our Piccadilly Estate. Our proposed major office-led redevelopment will provide 67,700 sq ft (up from 54,700 sq ft) of new Grade A space. Whilst aspects of the circular economy have been integrated in other development schemes, this scheme is designed to fully embrace the principles of the circular economy. As well as reusing the existing basement and foundations, we are aiming to reuse the structural steel from the demolition of 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2, in its construction. If successful, this will save around 1,000 tons of carbon and reduce the embodied carbon in the steelwork by more than 90%. The development of the building is subject to The Crown Estate consent.

At New City Court, SE1, we submitted a second planning application for an amended scheme of 389,100 sq ft in April 2021. Having explored all avenues to have both the 2018 and 2021 schemes approved by Southwark Council without success, we therefore regretfully appealed for non-determination with the public inquiry taking place in July 2022. With the inquiry now concluded we expect a decision from the Secretary of State in May 2023.

At Minerva House, SE1, we are finalising plans for a 140,300 sq ft major office refurbishment. Our proposals will reposition this building taking full advantage of its river frontage and, by adding additional storeys, we will be able to create outdoor terraces and amenity space with commanding views over central London. A planning application for the scheme was submitted in November 2021 and we expect a decision later this financial year.

In total, our five on-site and near-term schemes will deliver 1.1 million sq ft of best-in-class, highly sustainable space, perfectly placed to benefit from a market where forward look supply is severely constrained. With a further three schemes in the medium-term pipeline, our total development programme totals 1.3 million sq ft and will provide strong growth potential over the coming years.

Significant refurbishment programme to enhance our Fully Managed offer

In order to grow our flexible office offer, we are planning to refurbish four buildings to provide new dedicated Fully Managed spaces as well as converting a significant number of floors across our portfolio. These buildings include our recent purchases at 7/15 Gresse Street, W1 and 6/10 St Andrew Street, EC4, and Alfred Place, WC1 and Egyptian House, SW1 (Piccadilly) where we have secured vacant possession to enable our works to commence mid next year.

In total, these four schemes will deliver an additional 155,000 sq ft of well designed, tech-enabled and sustainable space which will also benefit from high levels of service delivery and amenity provision. Together with other flex and refurbishment capex across the portfolio, this programme will total around GBP145 million.

Our investment activities

Activity in our investment markets was robust in the first half of the financial year. However, more recent economic uncertainty, together with an increased cost of financing, has weighed on pricing and valuations. We anticipate that given this change in the economic backdrop, further opportunities to buy will emerge. Accordingly, we continue to monitor the market closely and have more than GBP0.9 billion of potential acquisitions currently under review. Our focus remains on development and repositioning opportunities, buildings that would suit our flex products and assets that are currently challenged from a sustainability perspective.

Recycling capital, two disposals totalling GBP217.8 million broadly in line with book value

In June, we sold the freehold of 6, 7/8 and 9/10 Market Place, W1 to a UK private property company. The property comprises three adjoining mixed use assets totalling 18,000 sq ft including multi-let offices and restaurant/café space. The headline sale price of GBP28.2 million reflects a net initial yield of 4.1% on a topped up basis and capital value of GBP1,480 per sq ft. After deduction of outstanding occupier incentives and rental guarantees, the net price was GBP27.8 million, 3.0% ahead of the March 2022 book value.

In October, we exchanged contracts on the sale of the freehold of 50 Finsbury Square, EC2 to a wholly owned subsidiary of Wirtgen Invest Holding GmbH, a private German family office. The headline price of GBP190.0 million (subject to adjustment for final building area and retail leasing) reflects a topped up net initial yield of 3.85% and capital value of GBP1,471 per sq ft (or GBP1,690 per sq ft on expiry of rent frees) and is broadly in line with the March 2022 book value after adjusting for estimated capex to complete. We will retain responsibility for delivering the development with completion of the sale expected in Q1 2023 following practical completion and commencement of the leases of the office and retail space.

Two attractive acquisitions

In May we completed the off-market acquisition of the long leasehold interest at 6/10 St Andrew Street, EC4 for GBP30.0 million (GBP650 per sq ft). The 46,200 sq ft building is currently vacant and benefits from planning permission for a two-storey extension. The building is located within five minutes walking distance of Chancery Lane and Farringdon stations and is only 450 metres from the new Farringdon Elizabeth Line. It has excellent fundamentals and requires substantial refurbishment to bring it in line with GPE's net zero carbon commitment. It will provide approximately 48,000 sq ft over lower ground and eight upper floors, with two private terraces as well as a communal roof terrace and winter garden. St Andrew Street will deliver best-in-class Fully Managed office space in a core target location, with outstanding amenity space at ground floor and roof top levels.

Also in May, we acquired 2 Cathedral Street, SE1 for GBP7.1 million reflecting a 4.4% net initial yield and GBP1,100 per sq ft. The 6,400 sq ft freehold building is currently let until 2029 at a rent of GBP332,000 per annum. The property is located in the heart of Borough market and will complement GPE's Minerva House holding in this exciting submarket.

Valuation

Valuation is accompanied by graphics (see Appendix 2)

The valuation of the Group's properties was GBP 2,614.0 million as at 30 September 2022, reflecting a valuation decrease of 3.4% on a like-for-like basis since 31 March 2022. At 30 September 2022, the wholly-owned portfolio was valued at GBP 2,069.0 million and the Group had three active joint ventures which owned properties valued at GBP545.0 million (our share) by CBRE.

Development gains supporting value increase

The key drivers behind the Group's valuation movement for the six-month period were:

-- portfolio management - a strong six months, 72 new leases, rent reviews and renewals were completed, securing GBP 20.3 million (our share) of annual income, supporting the valuation. At 30 September 2022, the portfolio was 6.7% reversionary;

-- rental value increase - since the start of the financial year, rental values increased by 0.7% on a like-for-like basis, with our flex offices increasing by 3.3% and our overall office portfolio up by 1.0%, whilst our retail portfolio reduced by 0.5%; and

-- increased investment yields - equivalent yields increased by 15 basis points over the period. At 30 September 2022, the portfolio true equivalent yield was 4.6% and reversionary yield was 5.3%.

Including rent from pre-lets and leases currently in rent free periods, the topped up initial yield of the investment portfolio at 30 September 2022 was 3.9%, 10 basis points higher than the start of the financial year.

Whilst the overall valuation decreased by 3.4% during the six months on a like-for-like basis, elements of the portfolio continued to show greater variation. Although our office portfolio values fell in value by 3.9%, as a result of yield expansion of 18 basis points, our Flex offices were only down 1.4% as a result of rental value increases of 3.3% across the Flex portfolio in the period. Our retail performed slightly better falling in value by only 1.5%. Furthermore, properties with an EPC rating of A or B reduced in value by 2.5%, out-performing properties with an EPC of C or D which fell by 4.2% in the six months. Our joint venture properties fell in value by 2.6% over the period, helped by the strong retail leasing activity at our recently completed development Hanover Square, W1, while the wholly-owned portfolio fell by 3.6% on a like-for-like basis, supported by our committed developments at 50 Finsbury Square.

The Group delivered a total property return (TPR) for the six months to 30 September 2022 of -2.1% (2021: -3.7%), compared to the Central London MSCI quarterly benchmark of -1.0%, and a capital return of -3.3% (versus -2.5% for MSCI). This relative underperformance resulted from our above benchmark exposure to short leasehold and short income properties.

Near-term market outlook

Our markets are cyclical, as a result, we actively monitor numerous lead indicators to help identify key trends in our marketplace. Over the last six months, given the increased economic uncertainty, our property capital value indicators have deteriorated from those we reported in May. In the short term, we expect investment activity in the central London commercial property market to remain muted, as higher interest rates reduce prospective returns, and prime yields to come under further upward pressure. In the occupational market, given a strong leasing and rental performance of the portfolio in the first half of the year, we have marginally moderated our rental value growth range for the financial year to 31 March 2023 to between 0% and +2.5%, predominantly driven by the positive performance of our office portfolio.

Our financial results

Our financial results are accompanied by graphics (see Appendix 4)

We prepare our financial statements using IFRS. However, we also use a number of Alternative Performance Measures (APMs) to help explain the performance of the business. These include quoting a number of measures on a proportionately consolidated basis to include joint ventures, as it best describes how we manage the portfolio, like-for-like measures and using measures prescribed by European Public Real Estate Association (EPRA). The measures defined by EPRA are designed to enhance transparency and comparability across the European real estate sector. Reconciliations of APMs are included in note 7 to the accounts.

We calculate net assets and earnings per share in accordance with EPRA's Best Practice Recommendations. The recommendations are designed to make the financial statements of public real estate companies clearer and more comparable across Europe enhancing the transparency and coherence of the sector. EPRA's Best Practice Recommendations include three NAV metrics: EPRA Net Tangible Assets (NTA), Net Reinvestment Value (NRV) and Net Disposal Value (NDV). We consider EPRA NTA to be the most relevant measure for the Group and the primary measure of net asset value and relevant reconciliations between IFRS numbers and EPRA metrics are included in note 7 to the accounts.

Valuation fall drives 4.9% decrease in EPRA NTA per share

IFRS NAV per share and EPRA NTA per share at 30 September 2022 were 794 pence per share, a decrease of 4.9% over the last six months, largely due to the 3.4% like-for-like decrease in the value of the property portfolio. The main drivers of the 41 pence per share decrease in NTA from 31 March 2022 were:

-- the decrease of 39 pence per share arising from the revaluation of the property portfolio;

   --           EPRA earnings for the period of 5 pence per share increased NTA; 
   --           the final dividend of 8 pence per share reduced NTA; and 
   --           other movements increased NTA by 1 pence per share. 

The EPRA NTA decrease of 4.9%, combined with the payment of last year's final dividend of 7.9 pence per share, delivered a total accounting return for the six months to 30 September 2022 of minus 4.0% (2021: +3.2%).

At 30 September 2022, the Group's net assets were GBP2,008.1 million, down from GBP2,112.9 million at 31 March 2022, with the decrease largely attributable to the fall in property valuation. EPRA NDV per share reduced marginally to 830 pence at 30 September 2022 compared to 838 pence at 31 March 2022 (down 1.0%), supported by the impact of rising interest rates on the fair values of our fixed rate low coupon debt.

Earnings reduced, in line with guidance and our portfolio activities

Revenue from our wholly-owned properties rose by GBP1.3 million, largely driven by higher rental income (together with the spreading of lease incentives) including the commencement of new leases at 1 Newman Street, W1. The increase in rental income was largely offset by a decrease in joint venture fees, down GBP2.8 million on last year to GBP1.5 million, as the result of no disposal fees in the current year (2021: sale of 160 Old Street, EC1).

Adjusting for acquisitions, disposals and transfers to and from the development programme, like-for-like rental income (including from joint venture properties) increased 7.3% on the prior period after estimated credit loss provisions.

Cost of sales increased from GBP13.7 million to GBP14.2 million for the period to 30 September 2022, with the increase primarily due to higher service charge expenses, including costs associated with the delivery of our Fully Managed spaces.

As the central London economy continues to recover from the pandemic, we have seen a continued improvement in collection rates for both the June and September 2022 quarters (96% and 100% after 7 days respectively). Of the GBP8.7 million rent and service charge outstanding at 30 September 2022, we provided GBP3.8 million as an expected credit loss (an additional GBP1.4 million in the period).

Administration costs were GBP17.6 million, an increase of GBP1.4 million, primarily as a result of the investment associated with digitising elements of our business, the delivery of our Customer First programme and the creation of our new website, together with inflationary salary uplifts and increased headcount to support our enhanced operational capabilities.

EPRA earnings from joint ventures (excluding fair value movements) were GBP2.9 million, a decrease of GBP6.9 million from the prior year, largely driven by the disposal of 160 Old Street, EC1 and the Superdry surrender premium of GBP7.9 million (our share: GBP3.9 million) at 103/113 Regent Street, W1 received in the prior year. In total, our joint ventures delivered a loss before tax of GBP14.8 million (2021: GBP26.8 million profit).

Gross interest on our debt facilities was GBP8.3 million, up GBP1.1 million on the prior period. This increase was primarily due to higher underlying interest rates on our GBP450 million revolving credit facility and additional drawings to fund both the recent acquisitions as well as the Group's development capital expenditure. We capitalised interest of GBP4.6 million (2021: GBP4.0 million) . As a result, the Group had net finance costs (including interest receivable) of GBP1.9 million (2021: GBP0.1 million).

EPRA earnings were GBP 11.4 million, 39.0% lower than for the same period last year. Revaluation losses together with EPRA earnings resulted in an IFRS loss after tax of GBP86.6 million (2021: profit of GBP62.2 million). The basic and diluted loss per share for the period was 34.3 pence, compared to earnings of 24.6 pence per share for 2021. Diluted EPRA earnings per share was 4.5 pence (2021: 7.4 pence).

Results of joint ventures

The Group's net investment in joint ventures was GBP 561.5 million, a decrease from GBP582.8 million at 31 March 2022, largely due to a 2.6% like-for-like decrease in value of the property portfolio. Our share of joint venture net rental income was GBP8.4 million, significantly down from GBP14.8 million last year primarily as a result of the profitable sale of 160 Old Street, EC1 and a one-off surrender premium of GBP3.9 million (our share) received in the prior year, offset by increased leasing activity at Hanover Square, W1. The underlying joint venture profits are stated after charging GBP1.5 million of GPE management fees (2021: GBP4.3 million) with the decrease attributable to the disposal fee received in the prior year for the sale of 160 Old Street, EC1.

Overall, our three active joint ventures represent an important proportion of the Group's business. At 30 September 2022, joint ventures represented 20.8% of the portfolio valuation, 28.0% of net assets and 22.7% of rent roll (31 March 2022: 21.1%, 27.6% and 22.8% respectively).

Strong financial position; pro forma EPRA LTV low at 17.8%

The Group's consolidated net debt increased to GBP603.3 million at 30 September 2022, compared to GBP531.2 million at 31 March 2022. The increase was largely due to two acquisitions in the period as well as the on-going development capital expenditure across the Group of GBP46 million in the six months, partly off-set by the sale proceeds. Group gearing increased to 30.4% at 30 September 2022 (31 March 2022: 25.4%). Including cash balances in the joint ventures, total net debt was GBP579.3 million (31 March 2022: GBP502.3 million) equivalent to an EPRA loan to value of 23.6% (31 March 2022: 20.5%). Taking into account the sale proceeds of 50 Finsbury Square, EC2, net of costs to complete the building, pro forma EPRA LTV will fall to 17.8%.

The Group is operating with substantial headroom over its debt covenants. At 30 September 2022, pro forma for the sale of 50 Finsbury Square, property values would have to fall by around 62% before covenant breach. Through the cycle, the Group aims to maintain a target LTV range between 10% and 35%, consistent with our low leverage levels over the last 10 years. Due in part to both our very low levels of low-cost debt, and the treatment of capitalised interest under our Group covenants, our interest cover ratio was high at 15.8 times (covenant: 1.35 times).

The Group's weighted average cost of debt, including fees and joint venture debt, for the period was 2.9 %, the same as it was at 31 March 2022. The weighted average interest rate (excluding fees) at the period end was 2.8%, up from 2.5% at 31 March 2022, as we increased amounts drawn on the RCF towards the end of the period. At 30 September 2022, 73% of the Group's total debt was at fixed or hedged rates (31 March 2022: 84%). Our weighted average drawn debt maturity was 6.1 years at 30 September 2022 (31 March 2022: 6.9 years), or 6.8 years pro forma for the sale of 50 Finsbury Square, EC2, with no debt maturities until 2024.

Taxation

The tax credit in the income statement for the half year was GBP0.1 million (2021: GBP0.1 million charge) and the effective tax rate on EPRA earnings was 0% (2021: 0%). The majority of the Group's income is tax-free as a result of its REIT status. Other allowances were available to set against non-REIT profits.

As a REIT, the majority of rental profits and chargeable gains from our property rental business are exempt from UK corporation tax, provided we meet a number of conditions including distributing at least 90% of the rental income profits of this business (known as Property Income Distributions (PIDs)) on an annual basis. These PIDs are then typically treated as taxable income in the hands of shareholders. During the six months ended 30 September 2022, the Group paid a PID of GBP20.0 million.

The Group's REIT exemption does not extend to either profits arising from the sale of trading properties or gains arising from the sale of investment properties in respect of which a major redevelopment has completed within the preceding three years (including the sale of 50 Finsbury Square, EC2, which is expected to complete in Q1 2023).

Dividends

The Board has declared an interim ordinary dividend of 4.7 pence per share (2021: 4.7 pence) which will be paid on 4 January 2023. 2.3 pence per share of this dividend will be a REIT Property Income Distribution (PID) in respect of the Group's tax-exempt property rental business.

Principal risks and uncertainties

The Group recognises that the successful management of risk is critical to enable delivery of the Group's strategic priorities. Ultimate responsibility for risk rests with the Board but the effective day-to-day management of risk is integral to the way the Group does business and its culture. The Board undertakes a robust assessment of the principal risks facing the Group on a regular basis.

The principal risks and uncertainties facing the Group for the remaining six months of the financial year remain in line with those detailed on pages 64 to 77 of the 2022 Annual Report with no material changes:

 
 Failure to profitably deliver              Failure to profitably develop 
  the Flex strategy                          the development programme (including 
                                             challenging planning environment) 
 Climate change and decarbonisation         People 
                                           -------------------------------------- 
 Pandemic                                   Failure to meet customer needs 
                                           -------------------------------------- 
 London attractiveness                      Cyber security and infrastructure 
                                             failure 
                                           -------------------------------------- 
 Poor capital allocation decisions          Health and safety 
  and/or misreading market conditions 
                                           -------------------------------------- 
 Adverse macro environment (incorporating 
  retail market uncertainties) 
                                           -------------------------------------- 
 

The Board and Executive Committee continue to regularly review the potential risks and impacts presented by the volatile economic backdrop, including in relation to elevated levels of inflation and higher underlying interest rates. As we emerge from the pandemic, the Board also continues to monitor both short-term impacts and potential longer-term structural changes in working and retail practices and the level and nature of demand for space in central London.

As a result of heightened economic uncertainty, the Group's forecasts and business plans continue to be prepared under a variety of market scenarios to reflect a number of potential outcomes.

Condensed group income statement

For the six months ended 30 September 2022

 
                                                                          Six            Six 
     Year                                                              months         months 
    to 31                                                               to 30          to 30 
    March                                                           September      September 
     2022                                                                2022           2021 
  Audited                                                           Unaudited      Unaudited 
     GBPm                                                  Notes         GBPm           GBPm 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
     84.2     Revenue                                          2         43.5           42.2 
   (30.1)     Cost of sales                                    3       (14.2)         (13.7) 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
     54.1                                                                29.3           28.5 
   (35.0)     Administrative expenses                                  (17.6)         (16.2) 
    (4.1)     Expected credit losses                          12        (1.2)          (3.1) 
    (0.4)     Development management profit/(losses)                      0.1          (0.2) 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
              Operating profit before (deficit)/surplus 
               from investment property and results of 
     14.6      joint ventures                                            10.6            9.0 
    107.9     (Deficit)/surplus from investment property       8       (80.6)           26.6 
     45.9     Share of results of joint ventures               9       (14.8)           26.8 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
    168.4     Operating (loss)/profit                                  (84.8)           62.4 
      7.4     Finance income                                   4          3.1            4.1 
    (9.1)     Finance costs                                    5        (5.0)          (4.2) 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
    166.7     (Loss)/profit before tax                                 (86.7)           62.3 
      0.5     Tax                                              6          0.1          (0.1) 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
    167.2     (Loss)/profit for the period                             (86.6)           62.2 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
 
    66.1p     Basic (loss)/earnings per share                  7      (34.3p)          24.6p 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
    66.0p     Diluted (loss)/earnings per share                7      (34.3p)          24.6p 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
    10.8p     Basic EPRA earnings per share                    7         4.5p           7.4p 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
    10.8p     Diluted EPRA earnings per share                  7         4.5p           7.4p 
---------    -------------------------------------------  ------  -----------    ----------- 
 

All results are derived from continuing operations in the United Kingdom and are attributable to ordinary equity holders.

Condensed group statement of comprehensive income

For the six months ended 30 September 2022

 
                                                                Six months     Six months 
Year ended                                                           to 30             to 
  31 March                                                       September   30 September 
      2022                                                            2022           2021 
   Audited                                                       Unaudited      Unaudited 
      GBPm                                                            GBPm           GBPm 
----------    ------------------------------------------------  ----------  ------------- 
     167.2    (Loss)/profit for the period                          (86.6)           62.2 
              Items that will not be reclassified subsequently 
               to profit and loss: 
       2.6    Actuarial gain/(loss) on defined benefit scheme          0.6          (0.7) 
     (0.5)    Deferred tax on actuarial (loss)/gain on defined       (0.1)            0.1 
               benefit scheme 
     169.3    Total comprehensive (expense)/income for the          (86.1)           61.6 
               period 
----------    ------------------------------------------------  ----------  ------------- 
 

Condensed group balance sheet

At 30 September 2022

 
    As at                                                          As at            As at 
 31 March                                                   30 September     30 September 
     2022                                                           2022             2021 
  Audited                                                      Unaudited        Unaudited 
     GBPm                                           Notes           GBPm             GBPm 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
             Non-current assets 
  2,144.4    Investment property                        8        2,135.7          1,959.2 
    582.8    Investment in joint ventures               9          561.5            563.0 
      5.0    Property, plant and equipment             10            4.2              5.7 
      3.5    Pension asset                                           4.3              0.1 
      1.0    Other investments                         11            1.5              1.5 
  2,736.7                                                        2,707.2          2,529.5 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
 
               Current assets 
     21.1    Trade and other receivables               12           14.0             21.8 
        -    Corporation tax                                           -                - 
        -    Cash and cash equivalents                               7.0              6.8 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
     21.1                                                           21.0             28.6 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
  2,757.8    Total assets                                        2,728.2          2,558.1 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
 
               Current liabilities 
    (0.2)    Interest-bearing loans and borrowings                     -                - 
   (55.2)    Trade and other payables                  13         (40.7)           (53.3) 
   (55.4)                                                         (40.7)           (53.3) 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
 
              Non-current liabilities 
  (531.0)    Interest-bearing loans and borrowings     14        (610.3)          (445.4) 
   (55.6)    Obligations under head leases             16         (66.7)           (40.7) 
    (2.9)    Obligations under occupational leases     17          (2.4)            (3.4) 
  (589.5)                                                        (679.4)          (489.5) 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
  (644.9)    Total liabilities                                   (720.1)          (542.8) 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
  2,112.9    Net assets                                          2,008.1          2,015.3 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
 
               Equity 
     38.7    Share capital                             15           38.7             38.7 
     46.0    Share premium account                                  46.0             46.0 
    326.7    Capital redemption reserve                            326.7            326.7 
  1,697.9    Retained earnings                                   1,593.9          1,602.2 
      3.6    Investment in own shares                  18            2.8              1.7 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
  2,112.9    Total equity                                        2,008.1          2,015.3 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  --------------- 
 
     835p    Diluted net assets per share               7           794p           796p 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
     835p    Diluted EPRA NTA per share                 7           794p           796p 
---------    -------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
 
 

Condensed group statement of cash flows

For the six months ended 30 September 2022

 
                                                                      Six months     Six months 
  Year to                                                                     to             to 
 31 March                                                           30 September   30 September 
     2022                                                                   2022           2021 
  Audited                                                              Unaudited      Unaudited 
     GBPm                                                   Notes           GBPm           GBPm 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
             Operating activities 
    168.4    Operating (loss)/profit                                      (84.8)           62.4 
  (149.7)    Adjustments for non-cash items                    19           95.0         (51.0) 
    (1.6)    Decrease/(increase) in receivables                              7.1          (0.8) 
      3.0    (Decrease)/increase in payables                               (7.4)          (1.9) 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
     20.1    Cash generated by operations                                    9.9            8.7 
   (13.9)    Interest paid                                                 (8.1)          (7.1) 
      0.1    Interest received                                                 -              - 
      0.4    Tax refunded                                                      -            0.4 
      6.7    Cash flow from operating activities                             1.8            2.0 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
 
              Investing activities 
      7.3    Distributions from joint ventures                               3.5            4.8 
        -    Funds to joint ventures                                           -              - 
     89.5    Funds from joint ventures                                       6.0           89.5 
        -    Investment in joint ventures                                      -              - 
  (120.6)    Purchase and development of property                         (90.1)         (34.3) 
    (0.3)    Purchase of plant and equipment                               (0.1)          (0.1) 
        -    Purchase of other investments                                 (0.5)          (0.5) 
        -    Sale of properties                                             27.4          (0.4) 
                                                            -----  ------------- 
   (24.1)    Cash flow (used in)/from investing activities                (53.8)           59.0 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
 
              Financing activities 
  (202.5)    Revolving credit facility repaid                  14        (160.0)        (116.0) 
    244.5    Revolving credit facility drawn                   14          239.0           71.0 
             Repayment of short-term interest-bearing 
        -     loans and borrowings                                         (0.2)              - 
    (3.0)    Payment of lease obligations                                  (1.7)          (1.5) 
   (32.7)    Dividends paid                                    21         (18.1)         (18.8) 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
      6.3    Cash flow from/(used in) financing activities                  59.0         (65.3) 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
 
             Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash 
   (11.1)     equivalents                                                    7.0          (4.3) 
     11.1    Cash and cash equivalents at 1 April                              -           11.1 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
             Cash and cash equivalents at balance sheet 
        -     date                                                           7.0            6.8 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -----  -------------  ------------- 
 
 
 

Condensed group statement of changes in equity

For the six months ended 30 September 2022 (unaudited)

 
 
                                                   Share      Capital               Investment 
                                        Share    premium   redemption   Retained        in own    Total 
                                      capital    account      reserve   earnings        shares   equity 
                                         GBPm       GBPm         GBPm       GBPm          GBPm     GBPm 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
Total equity at 1 April 2022             38.7       46.0        326.7    1,697.9           3.6  2,112.9 
Loss for the period                         -          -            -     (86.6)             -   (86.6) 
Actuarial gain on defined benefit 
 scheme                                     -          -            -        0.6             -      0.6 
Deferred tax on defined benefit 
 scheme                                     -          -            -      (0.1)             -    (0.1) 
Total comprehensive expense for 
 the period                                 -          -            -     (86.1)             -   (86.1) 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
Employee Long-Term Incentive Plan 
 charge and other items                     -          -            -          -           1.3      1.3 
Transfer to retained earnings               -          -            -        2.1         (2.1)        - 
Dividends to shareholders                   -          -            -     (20.0)             -   (20.0) 
Total equity at 30 September 2022        38.7       46.0        326.7    1,593.9           2.8  2,008.1 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
 

Condensed group statement of changes in equity

For the six months ended 30 September 2021 (unaudited)

 
 
                                                   Share      Capital               Investment 
                                        Share    premium   redemption   Retained        in own    Total 
                                      capital    account      reserve   earnings        shares   equity 
                                         GBPm       GBPm         GBPm       GBPm          GBPm     GBPm 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
Total equity at 1 April 2021             38.7       46.0        326.7    1,560.0           0.2  1,971.6 
Profit for the period                       -          -            -       62.2             -     62.2 
Actuarial loss on defined benefit 
 scheme                                     -          -            -      (0.7)             -    (0.7) 
Deferred tax on defined benefit 
 scheme                                     -          -            -        0.1             -      0.1 
Total comprehensive income for 
 the period                                 -          -            -       61.6             -     61.6 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
Employee Long-Term Incentive Plan 
 charge                                     -          -            -          -           2.0      2.0 
Transfer to retained earnings               -          -            -        0.5         (0.5)        - 
Dividends to shareholders                   -          -            -     (19.9)             -   (19.9) 
Total equity at 30 September 2021        38.7       46.0        326.7    1,602.2           1.7  2,015.3 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
 

Condensed group statement of changes in equity

For the year ended 31 March 2022 (audited)

 
 
                                                   Share      Capital               Investment 
                                        Share    premium   redemption   Retained        in own    Total 
                                      capital    account      reserve   earnings        shares   equity 
                                         GBPm       GBPm         GBPm       GBPm          GBPm     GBPm 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
Total equity at 1 April 2021             38.7       46.0        326.7    1,560.0           0.2  1,971.6 
Profit for the period                       -          -            -      167.2             -    167.2 
Actuarial gain on defined benefit 
 scheme                                     -          -            -        2.6             -      2.6 
Deferred tax on defined benefit 
 scheme                                     -          -            -      (0.5)             -    (0.5) 
Total comprehensive income for 
 the year                                   -          -            -      169.3             -    169.3 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
Employee Long-Term Incentive Plan 
 charge                                     -          -            -          -           3.9      3.9 
Transfer to retained earnings               -          -            -        0.5         (0.5)        - 
Dividends to shareholders                   -          -            -     (31.9)             -   (31.9) 
Total equity at 31 March 2022            38.7       46.0        326.7    1,697.9           3.6  2,112.9 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ---------  ------------  ------- 
 

Condensed notes forming part of the half year results

1 Basis of preparation

The information for the year ended 31 March 2022 does not constitute statutory accounts as defined in section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. A copy of the statutory accounts for that year has been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The auditor ' s report on those accounts was not qualified, did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditors drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying the report and did not contain statements under section 498(2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

The annual financial statements of Great Portland Estates plc will be prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006 and in accordance with United Kingdom adopted International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs). The condensed set of financial statements included in this half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with United Kingdom adopted International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting and in accordance with the Disclosure, Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority. The accounting policies and methods of computation applied are consistent with those applied in the Group's latest annual audited financial statements. The nature of the Critical Judgements and Key Sources of Estimation Uncertainty applied in the condensed financial statements have remained consistent with those applied in the Group's latest annual audited financial statements. The key source of estimation uncertainty is the valuation of the property portfolio. There were no critical judgements made in the preparation of the condensed financial statements. The Group's performance is not subject to seasonal fluctuations.

New standards, amendments and interpretations are in issue and effective for the Group's financial year ended 31 March 2023, but they do not have a material impact on the interim financial report. There were no new or revised IFRSs, amendments or interpretations in issue but not yet effective that are potentially material for the Group and which have not yet been applied.

Going concern

The directors have considered the appropriateness of adopting the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements for the period ended 30 September 2022, with particular focus on the impact of geopolitical tensions and high inflation on the macro-economic conditions in which the Group is operating. This assessment is based on the next 12 months of the Group's financial forecasts, including a going concern scenario which included the following key assumptions:

- a 33 % decline in the valuation of the property portfolio;

- an 8% increase in rental income; and

- an overall decrease of around 28% in EPRA earnings.

The going concern scenario demonstrates that the Group over the next 12 months:

- has significant liquidity to fund its ongoing operations;

- is operating with significant headroom above its Group debt financing covenants;

- property values would have to fall by a further 50% before breach (or 62% from 30 September 2022 values);

- earnings before interest and tax would need to fall by a further 70 % before breach of our ICR; and

- has no debt maturities.

Based on these considerations, together with extensive stress testing, available market information and the directors' knowledge and experience of the Group's property portfolio and markets, the directors have adopted the going concern basis in preparing the accounts for the period ended 30 September 2022.

2 Revenue

 
                                               Six months     Six months 
  Year to                                              to             to 
 31 March                                    30 September   30 September 
     2022                                            2022           2021 
     GBPm                                            GBPm           GBPm 
---------    -----------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
     66.1    Gross rental income                     32.8           32.7 
      1.2    Spreading of lease incentives            2.5            0.2 
     11.2    Service charge income                    5.1            4.9 
      5.1    Joint venture fee income                 1.5            4.3 
      0.6    Fully Managed services income            1.4            0.1 
        -    Trading property revenue                 0.2              - 
     84.2                                            43.5           42.2 
---------    -----------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

The table below sets out the Group's gross rental income split between types of space provided:

 
                                   Six months 
  Year to                                  to        Six months 
 31 March                        30 September   to 30 September 
     2022                                2022              2021 
     GBPm                                GBPm              GBPm 
---------    -----------------  -------------  ---------------- 
     45.5    Ready to fit                21.1              23.0 
     13.1    Retail                       5.9               7.2 
      3.4    Fitted                       1.6               0.9 
      1.6    Fully Managed                1.9               0.2 
      2.5    Flex Partnerships            2.3               1.4 
---------    -----------------  -------------  ---------------- 
     66.1                                32.8              32.7 
---------    -----------------  -------------  ---------------- 
 

The table below sets out the Group's net rental income, please see note 7 for the Group's alternative performance measures:

 
  Year to                                         Six months        Six months 
 31 March                                    to 30 September   to 30 September 
     2022                                               2022              2021 
     GBPm                                               GBPm              GBPm 
---------    -----------------------------  ----------------  ---------------- 
     66.1    Gross rental income                        32.8              32.7 
    (3.6)    Expected credit losses                    (1.1)             (3.1) 
     62.5    Rental income                              31.7              29.6 
      1.2    Spreading of lease incentives               2.5               0.2 
    (1.1)    Ground rent                               (0.5)             (0.9) 
     62.6                                               33.7              28.9 
---------    -----------------------------  ----------------  ---------------- 
 

3 Cost of sales

 
                                                                  Six months     Six months 
  Year to                                                                 to             to 
 31 March                                                       30 September   30 September 
     2022                                                               2022           2021 
     GBPm                                                               GBPm           GBPm 
---------    ------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
             Service charge expenses (including Fully Managed 
     15.8     service costs)                                             7.8            6.9 
     13.2    Other property expenses                                     5.9            5.9 
      1.1    Ground rent                                                 0.5            0.9 
     30.1                                                               14.2           13.7 
---------    ------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

3 Cost of sales (continued)

The table below sets out the Group's property costs, please see note 7 for the Group's alternative performance measures:

 
                                                                  Six months     Six months 
  Year to                                                                 to             to 
 31 March                                                       30 September   30 September 
     2022                                                               2022           2021 
     GBPm                                                               GBPm           GBPm 
---------    ------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
   (11.2)    Service charge income                                     (5.1)          (4.9) 
    (0.6)    Fully Managed services income                             (1.4)          (0.1) 
             Service charge expenses (including Fully Managed 
     15.8     service costs)                                             7.8            6.9 
     13.2    Other property expenses                                     5.9            5.9 
      0.5    Expected credit losses                                      0.1              - 
---------    ------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
     17.7                                                                7.3            7.8 
---------    ------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

4 Finance income

 
                                                           Six months 
  Year to                                                          to        Six months 
 31 March                                                30 September   to 30 September 
     2022                                                        2022              2021 
     GBPm                                                        GBPm              GBPm 
---------    -----------------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
      7.3    Interest income on joint venture balances            3.1               4.1 
      0.1    Interest on cash deposits                              -                 - 
      7.4                                                         3.1               4.1 
---------    -----------------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
 

5 Finance costs

 
                                                                   Six months 
  Year to                                                                  to        Six months 
 31 March                                                        30 September   to 30 September 
     2022                                                                2022              2021 
     GBPm                                                                GBPm              GBPm 
---------    -------------------------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
      2.1    Interest on revolving credit facilities                      2.2               1.1 
     11.0    Interest on private placement notes                          5.5               5.5 
      1.2    Interest on debenture stock                                  0.6               0.6 
      1.9    Interest on obligations under head leases                    1.2               0.9 
      0.1    Interest on obligations under occupational leases            0.1               0.1 
     16.3    Gross finance costs                                          9.6               8.2 
    (7.2)    Less: capitalised interest at an average interest          (4.6)             (4.0) 
              cost of 2.9% (2021: 2.8%) 
---------    -------------------------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
      9.1                                                                 5.0               4.2 
---------    -------------------------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
 

6 Tax

 
                                                     Six months 
  Year to                                                    to        Six months 
 31 March                                          30 September   to 30 September 
     2022                                                  2022              2021 
     GBPm                                                  GBPm              GBPm 
---------    -----------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
             Current tax 
        -    UK corporation tax - current period              -                 - 
        -    UK corporation tax - prior periods               -                 - 
---------    -----------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
        -    Total current tax                                -                 - 
    (0.5)    Deferred tax                                 (0.1)               0.1 
    (0.5)    Tax (credit)/charge for the period           (0.1)               0.1 
---------    -----------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
 

The difference between the standard rate of tax and the effective rate of tax arises from the items set out below:

 
                                                                     Six months     Six months 
  Year to                                                                    to             to 
 31 March                                                          30 September   30 September 
     2022                                                                  2022           2021 
     GBPm                                                                  GBPm           GBPm 
---------    ---------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
    166.7    (Loss)/profit before tax                                    (86.7)           62.3 
---------    ---------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
             Tax (credit)/charge on (loss)/profit at standard 
     31.7     rate of 19% (2021: 19%)                                    (16.5)           11.8 
   (25.8)    Changes in the fair value of properties not subject           18.8          (7.7) 
              to tax 
    (8.0)    REIT tax-exempt rental profits and gains                     (3.1)          (4.9) 
      1.6    Other                                                          0.7            0.9 
    (0.5)    Tax (credit)/charge for the period                           (0.1)            0.1 
---------    ---------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

During the period, deferred tax of GBP0.1 million was debited directly to equity (2021: GBP0.1 million credited). The Group recognised a net deferred tax asset at 30 September 2022 of GBPnil (2021: GBPnil). This consists of deferred tax assets of GBP0.9 million (2021: GBP0.1 million) and deferred tax liabilities of GBP0.9 million (2021: GBP0.1 million).

Movement in deferred tax:

 
                                                          Recognised 
                                                      At      in the                   At 30 
                                                 1 April      income  Recognised   September 
                                                    2022   statement   in equity        2022 
                                                    GBPm        GBPm        GBPm        GBPm 
----------------------------------------------  --------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
Net deferred tax asset/(liability) in respect 
 of other temporary differences                        -         0.1       (0.1)           - 
----------------------------------------------  --------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 

A deferred tax asset of GBP4.5 million (2021: GBP4.5 million), mainly relating to revenue losses and contingent share awards, was not recognised because it is uncertain whether future taxable profit will arise against which this asset can be utilised.

As a REIT, the majority of rental profits and chargeable gains from the Group's property rental business are exempt from UK corporation tax. The Group is otherwise subject to corporation tax. In particular, the Group's REIT exemption does not extend to either profits arising from the sale of trading properties or gains arising from the sale of investment properties in respect of which a major redevelopment has completed within the preceding three years (including the sale of 50 Finsbury Square, EC2, which is expected to complete in Q1 2023).

In order to ensure that the Group is able to both retain its status as a REIT and to avoid financial charges being imposed, a number of tests (including a minimum distribution test) must be met by both Great Portland Estates plc and by the Group as a whole on an ongoing basis. These conditions are detailed in the Corporation Tax Act 2010

7 Alternative performance measures and EPRA metrics

Adjusted earnings and net assets per share are calculated in accordance with the Best Practice Recommendations issued by the European Public Real Estate Association (EPRA). The recommendations are designed to make the financial statements of public real estate companies clearer and more comparable across Europe enhancing the transparency and coherence of the sector. The directors consider these standard metrics to be the most appropriate method of reporting the value and performance of the business the reconciliations between these measures and the equivalent IFRS figures are shown in the tables below.

Earnings per share:

Weighted average number of ordinary shares

 
                                                              Six months       Six months 
    Year to                                                           to               to 
   31 March                                                 30 September     30 September 
       2022                                                         2022             2021 
     No. of                                                       No. of           No. of 
     shares                                                       shares           shares 
-----------    ------------------------------------------  -------------    ------------- 
253,867,911    Issued ordinary share capital at 1 April      253,867,911      253,867,911 
  (877,335)    Investment in own shares                        (964,408)        (877,335) 
-----------    ------------------------------------------  -------------    ------------- 
               Weighted average number of ordinary shares 
252,990,576     - basic                                      252,903,503      252,990,576 
-----------    ------------------------------------------  -------------    ------------- 
 

Basic and diluted earnings per share

 
                                                                                Six months 
                                       Six months                                       to 
                                            to 30    Six months    Six months           30    Six months    Six months 
  Year to                               September         to 30         to 30    September         to 30         to 30 
 31 March                                    2022     September     September         2021     September     September 
     2022                                    Loss          2022          2022       Profit          2021          2021 
 Earnings                                   after        No. of          Loss        after        No. of      Earnings 
per share                                     tax        shares     per share          tax        shares     per share 
    pence                                    GBPm       million         pence         GBPm       million         pence 
---------     ----------------------  -----------  ------------  ------------  -----------  ------------  ------------ 
     66.1     Basic                        (86.6)         252.9        (34.3)         62.2         253.0          24.6 
              Dilutive effect of 
              LTIP 
    (0.1)     shares                            -             -             -            -           0.1             - 
     66.0     Diluted                      (86.6)         252.9        (34.3)         62.2         253.1          24.6 
---------     ----------------------  -----------  ------------  ------------  -----------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 
 

EPRA Earnings per share

 
   Year to                                  Six months  Six months  Six months      Six months  Six months  Six months 
  31 March                                       to 30       to 30       to 30           to 30       to 30       to 30 
      2022                                   September   September   September       September   September   September 
  Earnings                                        2022        2022        2022            2021        2021        2021 
 per share                               Profit/(loss)      No. of   Earnings/   Profit/(loss)      No. of   Earnings/ 
     pence                                       after      shares   (expense)           after      shares   (expense) 
                                                   tax     million   per share             tax     million   per share 
                                                  GBPm                   pence            GBPm                   pence 
----------    ------------------------  --------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
      66.1    Basic                             (86.6)       252.9      (34.3)            62.2       253.0        24.6 
              Deficit/(surplus) from 
              investment property 
              (note 
    (42.7)    8)                                  80.6           -        31.9          (26.6)           -      (10.5) 
              Deficit/(surplus) from 
              joint venture investment 
    (12.4)    property (note 9)                   17.7           -         7.0          (17.0)           -       (6.7) 
         -    Trading property revenue           (0.2)           -       (0.1)               -           -           - 
     (0.2)    Deferred tax                       (0.1)           -           -             0.1           -           - 
      10.8    Basic EPRA earnings                 11.4       252.9         4.5            18.7       253.0         7.4 
----------    ------------------------  --------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
              Dilutive effect of LTIP 
         -     shares                                -           -           -               -         0.1           - 
----------    ------------------------  --------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
      10.8    Diluted EPRA earnings               11.4       252.9         4.5            18.7       253.1         7.4 
----------    ------------------------  --------------  ----------  ----------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
 

7 Alternative performance measures and EPRA metrics (continued)

Net assets per share:

In accordance with EPRA, we report three NAV metrics: EPRA Net Tangible Assets (NTA), Net Reinvestment Value (NRV) and Net Disposal Value (NDV). We consider EPRA NTA to be the most relevant measure for the Group and the primary measure of net asset value.

Number of ordinary shares

 
   31 March                                                      30 September 
       2022                                      30 September            2021 
     No. of                                              2022          No. of 
     shares                                     No. of shares          shares 
-----------    ------------------------------  --------------    ------------ 
253,867,911    Issued ordinary share capital      253,867,911     253,867,911 
  (877,335)    Investment in own shares           (1,025,440)       (877,335) 
-----------    ------------------------------  --------------    ------------ 
252,990,576    Number of shares - basic           252,842,471     252,990,576 
-----------    ------------------------------  --------------    ------------ 
    145,862    Dilutive effect of LTIP shares               -         122,571 
-----------    ------------------------------  --------------    ------------ 
253,136,438    Number of shares - diluted         252,842,471     253,113,147 
-----------    ------------------------------  --------------    ------------ 
 

EPRA net assets per share

 
                                                           30 September  30 September  30 September  30 September 
 31 March                                    30 September          2022          2022          2022          2021 
     2022                                            2022          EPRA          EPRA          EPRA          EPRA 
 EPRA NTA                                            IFRS           NTA           NDV           NRV           NTA 
     GBPm                                            GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm 
---------    ----------------------------    ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
             IFRS basic and diluted net 
  2,112.9     assets                              2,008.1       2,008.1       2,008.1       2,008.1       2,015.3 
             Fair value of financial 
        -     liabilities                               -             -          91.5             -             - 
        -    Real estate transfer tax                   -             -             -         190.7             - 
---------    ----------------------------    ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
             Net assets used in per share 
  2,112.9     calculations                        2,008.1       2,008.1       2,099.6       2,198.8       2,015.3 
---------    ----------------------------    ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 31 March                                    30 September  30 September  30 September  30 September  30 September 
     2022                                            2022          2022          2022          2022          2021 
 EPRA NTA                                            IFRS          EPRA          EPRA          EPRA          EPRA 
    pence                                           pence     NTA pence     NDV pence     NRV pence     NTA pence 
---------    ----------------------------    ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
      835    Net assets per share                     794           794           830           870           797 
---------    ----------------------------    ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
      835    Diluted net assets per share             794           794           830           870           796 
---------    ----------------------------    ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

Total Accounting return

 
  31 March                                      30 September  30 September 
      2022                                              2022          2021 
 per share                                         per share     per share 
     pence                                             pence         pence 
----------    --------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
     779.0    Opening EPRA NTA (A)                     835.0         779.0 
     835.0    Closing EPRA NTA                         794.0         796.0 
----------    --------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
      56.0    (Decrease)/increase in EPRA NTA         (41.0)          17.0 
----------    --------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
      12.6    Ordinary dividend paid in period           7.9           7.9 
----------    --------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
      68.6    Total return (B)                        (33.1)          24.9 
----------    --------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
      8.8%    Total accounting return (B/A)           (4.0%)          3.2% 
----------    --------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

7 Alternative performance measures and EPRA metrics (continued)

Cash earnings per share

 
                                       Six months                               Six months 
                                            to 30   Six months    Six months         to 30    Six months    Six months 
  Year to                               September        to 30         to 30     September         to 30         to 30 
 31 March                                    2022    September     September          2021     September     September 
     2022                                  Profit         2022          2022        Profit          2021          2021 
 Earnings                                   after       No. of      Earnings         after        No. of      Earnings 
per share                                     tax       shares     per share           tax        shares     per share 
    pence                                    GBPm      million         pence          GBPm       million         pence 
---------     ----------------------  -----------  -----------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
     10.8     Diluted EPRA earnings          11.4        252.9           4.5          18.7         253.1           7.4 
    (2.8)     Capitalised interest          (4.6)            -         (1.8)         (4.0)             -         (1.6) 
              Spreading of tenant 
              lease 
    (0.5)     incentives                    (2.5)            -         (1.0)         (0.2)             -         (0.1) 
              Spreading of tenant 
              lease 
              incentives in joint 
    (3.3)     ventures                      (3.3)            -         (1.3)         (3.7)             -         (1.4) 
              Employee Long Term 
              Incentive 
      1.5     Plan charge                     1.3            -           0.5           2.0             -           0.8 
              Cash earnings per 
      5.7     share                           2.3        252.9           0.9          12.8         253.1           5.1 
---------     ----------------------  -----------  -----------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 
 

EPRA loan-to-property value and net debt

 
31 March                                                   30 September  30 September 
    2022                                                           2022          2021 
    GBPm                                                           GBPm          GBPm 
--------    ---------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
    21.9    GBP21.9 million 5.625% debenture stock 2029            21.9          22.0 
    87.0    GBP450.0 million revolving credit facility            166.0             - 
   425.0    Private placement notes                               425.0         425.0 
     0.2    Current interest bearing loans and borrowings             -             - 
    34.1    Net payables                                           26.7          31.5 
       -    Less: cash balances                                   (7.0)         (6.8) 
--------    ---------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
   568.2    Net debt excluding joint ventures                     632.6         471.7 
--------    ---------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
       -    Joint venture bank loans (at share)                       -             - 
     4.7    Joint venture net payables (at share)                   7.5           4.6 
  (28.9)    Joint venture cash balances (at share)               (24.0)        (29.1) 
   544.0    Net debt including joint ventures (A)                 616.1         447.2 
--------    ---------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 2,088.8    Group properties at market value                    2,069.0       1,918.5 
   558.6    Joint venture properties at market value (at          545.0         538.5 
             share) 
 2,647.4    Property portfolio at market value including        2,614.0       2,457.0 
             joint ventures (B) 
--------    ---------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
   20.5%    EPRA Loan-to-property value (A/B)                     23.6%         18.2% 
--------    ---------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

Net gearing

 
31 March                                                 30 September  30 September 
    2022                                                         2022          2021 
    GBPm                                                         GBPm          GBPm 
--------    -------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
            Nominal value of interest-bearing loans and 
   533.9     borrowings                                         612.9         446.9 
     2.9    Obligations under occupational leases                 2.4           3.4 
       -    Less: cash balances                                 (7.0)         (6.8) 
--------    -------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
   536.8    Adjusted net debt (A)                               608.3         443.5 
 
 2,112.9    Net assets                                        2,008.1       2,015.3 
   (3.5)    Pension scheme asset                                (4.3)         (0.1) 
--------    -------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 2,109.4    Adjusted net equity (B)                           2,003.8       2,015.2 
--------    -------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
   25.4%    Net gearing (A/B)                                   30.4%         22.0% 
--------    -------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

8 Investment property

Investment property

 
                                  Freehold  Leasehold    Total 
                                      GBPm       GBPm     GBPm 
--------------------------------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Book value at 1 April 2022           929.6    1,047.2  1,976.8 
Costs capitalised                     12.8       21.3     34.1 
Acquisitions                           7.5       43.5     51.0 
Disposals                           (27.0)          -   (27.0) 
Net valuation deficit               (33.2)     (42.0)   (75.2) 
--------------------------------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Book value at 30 September 2022      889.7    1,070.0  1,959.7 
--------------------------------  --------  ---------  ------- 
 

Investment property under development

 
                                                          Freehold  Leasehold    Total 
                                                              GBPm       GBPm     GBPm 
--------------------------------------------------------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Book value at 1 April 2022                                   167.6          -    167.6 
Costs capitalised                                             11.5          -     11.5 
Interest capitalised                                           2.7          -      2.7 
Net valuation deficit                                        (5.8)          -    (5.8) 
Book value at 30 September 2022                              176.0          -    176.0 
--------------------------------------------------------  --------  ---------  ------- 
Book value of total investment property at 30 September 
 2022                                                      1,065.7    1,070.0  2,135.7 
--------------------------------------------------------  --------  ---------  ------- 
 

(Deficit)/surplus from investment property

 
                                                                 Six months 
   Year to                                                               to        Six months 
  31 March                                                     30 September   to 30 September 
      2022                                                             2022              2021 
      GBPm                                                             GBPm              GBPm 
----------   -----------------------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
              Net valuation (deficit)/surplus on investment 
      107.9    property                                              (81.0)              27.0 
          -   Profit/(loss) on sale of investment properties            0.4             (0.4) 
      107.9   (Deficit)/surplus from investment property             (80.6)              26.6 
-----------   ----------------------------------------------  -------------  ---------------- 
 

The Group's investment properties, including those held in joint ventures (note 9), were valued on the basis of Fair Value by CBRE Limited (CBRE), external valuers, as at 30 September 2022. The valuations have been prepared in accordance with the current version of the RICS Valuation - Global Standards (incorporating the International Valuation Standards) and the UK national supplement (the Red Book) and have been primarily derived using comparable recent market transactions on arm's length terms. The investment property under development at 30 September 2022 was exchanged for sale post period end.

Real estate valuations are complex and derived using comparable market transactions, which are not publicly available and involve an element of judgement and estimation. Therefore, in line with EPRA guidance, we have classified the valuation of the property portfolio as Level 3 as defined by IFRS 13. There were no transfers between levels during the period. Inputs to the valuation, including capitalisation yields (typically the true equivalent yield) and rental values, are defined as 'unobservable' as defined by IFRS 13.

Everything else being equal, there is a positive relationship between rental values and the property valuation, such that an increase in rental values will increase the valuation of a property and a decrease in rental values will reduce the valuation of the property. Any percentage movement in rental values will translate into approximately the same percentage movement in the property valuation. However, due to the long-term nature of leases, where the passing rent is fixed and often subject to upwards only rent reviews, the impact will not be immediate and will be recognised over a number of years. The relationship between capitalisation yields and the property valuation is negative and more immediate; therefore an increase in capitalisation yields will reduce the valuation of a property and a reduction will increase its valuation.

8 Investment property (continued)

A decrease in the capitalisation yield by 25 basis points would result in an increase in the fair value of the Group's investment property by GBP149.6 million, whilst a 25 basis point increase would reduce the fair value by GBP134.2 million. There are interrelationships between these inputs as they are determined by market conditions, and the valuation movement in any one period depends on the balance between them. If these inputs move in opposite directions (i.e. rental values increase and yields decrease) valuation movements can be amplified, whereas if they move in the same direction they may offset, reducing the overall net valuation movement. Additionally, investment property under development is sensitive to income, cost and developer's profit assumptions included in the valuations.

The valuation of the property portfolio reflects its fair value taking into account the market view of all relevant factors including the climate related risks associated with the properties. This includes the impact of expected regulatory changes, and we estimate that the investment required to upgrade our existing buildings to the new minimum EPC B rating by 2030 is around GBP20 million (including share of joint ventures).

Key inputs to the valuation (by building) at 30 September 2022

 
                                                                  ERV               True equivalent yield 
                                                  Average           Range          Average           Range 
                                            GBP per sq ft   GBP per sq ft                %               % 
----------------------------  ---------  ----------------  --------------  ---------------  -------------- 
North of Oxford Street        Office                   83        54 - 223              4.6       4.1 - 6.2 
 Retail                                                64        33 - 110              4.5       4.3 - 7.0 
Rest of West End              Office                  100        46 - 215              5.0       3.3 - 6.8 
 Retail                                                96        15 - 266              4.7       3.7 - 6.8 
City, Midtown and Southwark   Office                   65        35 - 163              5.2       4.1 - 5.6 
 Retail                                                29         25 - 73              5.3       4.1 - 5.6 
 --------------------------------------  ----------------  --------------  ---------------  -------------- 
 
 

Key inputs to the valuation (by building) at 31 March 2022

 
                                                                  ERV               True equivalent yield 
                                                  Average           Range         Average            Range 
                                            GBP per sq ft   GBP per sq ft               %                % 
----------------------------  ---------  ----------------  --------------  --------------  --------------- 
North of Oxford Street        Office                   79         43 - 96             4.3        3.9 - 5.7 
 Retail                                                65        33 - 111             4.4        4.1 - 7.0 
Rest of West End              Office                   87        57 - 111             4.8        3.3 - 6.2 
 Retail                                                97        15 - 226             4.5        3.4 - 6.2 
City, Midtown and Southwark   Office                   57         46 - 67             4.5        3.8 - 5.5 
 Retail                                                29         25 - 71             5.2        4.9 - 5.2 
 --------------------------------------  ----------------  --------------  --------------  --------------- 
 
 

The book value of investment properties includes GBP66.7 million (2021: GBP40.7 million) in respect of the present value of future ground rents. Net of these amounts, the market value of the investment properties was GBP2,069.0 million. During the period, the Group capitalised GBP0.7 million (2021: GBP0.3 million) of employee costs in respect of its development team into investment properties under development. At 30 September 2022 the Group had capital commitments of GBP16.0 million (2021: GBP48.9 million).

9 Investment in joint ventures

 
                                                               Balances 
                                                 Equity   with partners   Total 
                                                   GBPm            GBPm    GBPm 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  --------------  ------ 
At 1 April 2022                                   365.3           217.5   582.8 
Movement on joint venture balances                    -           (3.0)   (3.0) 
Additions                                             -               -       - 
                                                 ------  --------------  ------ 
Share of profit of joint ventures                   2.9               -     2.9 
Share of revaluation deficit of joint ventures   (17.7)               -  (17.7) 
Profit on sale of investment property                 -               -       - 
                                                 ------  --------------  ------ 
Share of results of joint ventures               (14.8)               -  (14.8) 
Distributions                                     (3.5)               -   (3.5) 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  --------------  ------ 
At 30 September 2022                              347.0           214.5   561.5 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  --------------  ------ 
 

The investments in joint ventures comprise the following:

 
Ownership                                     Country of Incorporation/registration      Ownership      Ownership 
 31 March                                                                             30 September   30 September 
     2022                                                                                     2022           2021 
---------    -------------------------------  -------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
      50%    The GHS Limited Partnership      Jersey                                           50%            50% 
      50%    The Great Ropemaker Partnership  United Kingdom                                   50%            50% 
      50%    The Great Victoria Partnerships  United Kingdom                                   50%            50% 
---------    -------------------------------  -------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

The investment properties include GBP5.1 million (2021: GBP5.2 million) in respect of the present value of future ground rents, net of these amounts the market value of our share of the total joint venture properties is GBP545.0 million. At 30 September 2022, the Group's share of joint venture capital commitments was GBP1.4 million (2021: GBP2.4 million).

Transactions during the period between the Group and its joint ventures, who are related parties, are set out below:

 
31 March                                                         30 September    30 September 
    2022                                                                 2022            2021 
    GBPm                                                                 GBPm            GBPm 
--------     ----------------------------------  --------------  ------------  -------------- 
             Movement on joint venture balances during the 
    82.2      period                                                      3.0            85.4 
 (217.5)     Balances receivable at the period end from joint           (214.5)         (214.3) 
              ventures 
     7.3     Interest on balances with partners                           3.1             4.1 
     7.3     Distributions                                                3.5             4.8 
     5.1     Joint venture fees paid                                      1.5             4.3 
--------     ----------------------------------  --------------  ------------  -------------- 
 
 

The joint venture balances bear interest as follows: the GHS Limited Partnership at 4.0% p.a. and the Great Ropemaker Partnership at 2.0% p.a. The Group earns fee income from its joint ventures for the provision of management services. All of the above transactions are made on terms equivalent to those that prevail in arm's length transactions.

Summarised balance sheets

 
 31 March                               The GHS     The Great      The Great  30 September  30 September  30 September 
     2022                               Limited     Ropemaker       Victoria          2022          2022          2021 
 At share                           Partnership   Partnership   Partnerships         Total      At share      At share 
     GBPm                                  GBPm          GBPm           GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm 
---------    --------------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
    563.8    Investment property          682.7         331.5           86.1       1,100.3         550.1         543.7 
      2.7    Current assets                 2.1           1.9            0.3           4.3           2.2           4.4 
             Cash and cash 
     28.9    equivalents                   13.7          14.0           20.3          48.0          24.0          29.1 
             Balances from 
  (217.5)    partners                   (228.0)       (128.0)         (73.1)       (429.1)       (214.5)       (214.3) 
    (7.4)    Current liabilities          (6.1)         (8.7)          (4.6)        (19.4)         (9.7)         (9.0) 
             Obligations under 
             head 
    (5.2)    leases                           -        (10.2)              -        (10.2)         (5.1)         (5.2) 
---------    --------------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
    365.3    Net assets                   464.4         200.5           29.0         693.9         347.0         348.7 
---------    --------------------  ------------  ------------  -------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

9 Investment in joint ventures

 
Summarised income statements 
                                                                                                    ------------------------ 
     31 
  March                                                                                                        30         30 
   2022                                    The GHS        The Great         The Great   30 September    September  September 
     At                                    Limited        Ropemaker          Victoria           2022         2022       2021 
  share                                Partnership      Partnership      Partnerships          Total     At share   At share 
   GBPm                                       GBPm             GBPm              GBPm           GBPm         GBPm       GBPm 
-------     --------------------  ----------------  ---------------  ----------------  -------------  -----------  --------- 
 
   20.1     Net rental income                  7.2              7.5               2.0           16.7          8.4       10.9 
    3.9     Surrender premium                    -                -                 -              -            -        3.9 
            Property and 
            administration 
  (1.9)     costs                            (1.2)            (2.5)             (0.8)          (4.5)        (2.3)      (0.8) 
  (7.6)     Net finance costs                (4.9)            (1.5)                 -          (6.4)        (3.2)      (4.2) 
            Share of profit of 
            joint 
   14.5     ventures                           1.1              3.5               1.2            5.8          2.9        9.8 
            Revaluation of 
            investment 
   28.1     property                        (25.2)            (8.5)             (1.8)         (35.5)       (17.7)       13.7 
            Profit on sale of 
            investment 
    3.3     property                             -                -                 -              -            -        3.3 
-------     --------------------  ----------------  ---------------  ----------------  -------------  -----------  --------- 
            Share of results of 
   45.9      joint ventures                 (24.1)            (5.0)             (0.6)         (29.7)       (14.8)       26.8 
-------     --------------------  ----------------  ---------------  ----------------  -------------  -----------  --------- 
 
 
 

10 Property, plant and equipment

 
                                               Right 
                                              of use 
                                           asset for                        Fixtures 
                                        occupational      Leasehold              and 
                                              leases   improvements   fittings/other  Total 
                                                GBPm           GBPm             GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ---------------  ----- 
Cost or valuation 
At 1 April 2022                                  4.9            5.6              1.9   12.4 
Additions                                          -              -              0.1    0.1 
-------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ---------------  ----- 
At 30 September 2022                             4.9            5.6              2.0   12.5 
-------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ---------------  ----- 
Depreciation 
At 1 April 2022                                  2.4            3.4              1.6    7.4 
Charge for the period                            0.5            0.3              0.1    0.9 
-------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
At 30 September 2022                             2.9            3.7              1.7    8.3 
-------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ---------------  ----- 
Carrying amount at 30 September 2022             2.0            1.9              0.3    4.2 
-------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ---------------  ----- 
Carrying amount at 31 March 2022                 2.5            2.2              0.3    5.0 
-------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ---------------  ----- 
 

11 Other investments

 
31 March                       30 September  30 September 
    2022                               2022          2021 
    GBPm                               GBPm          GBPm 
--------    -----------------  ------------  ------------ 
     1.0    At 1 April                  1.0           1.0 
     0.7    Acquisitions                0.5             - 
   (0.7)    Return of capital             -           0.5 
     1.0                                1.5           1.5 
--------    -----------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

In January 2020, the Group entered into a commitment of up to GBP5 million to invest in Pi Labs European PropTech venture capital fund. At 30 September 2022, the Group had made net investments of GBP1.5 million. Launched in 2014, Pi Labs is Europe's longest standing PropTech VC and this third fund has a primary focus to invest in early stage PropTech start-ups across Europe and the UK that use technology solutions to enhance any stage of the real estate value chain. Key areas of focus for the fund include sustainability, the future of work, the future of retail, commercial real estate technologies, construction technology and smart cities.

12 Trade and other receivables

 
31 March                                    30 September  30 September 
    2022                                            2022          2021 
    GBPm                                            GBPm          GBPm 
--------    ------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
    14.4    Trade receivables                        8.7          19.3 
   (6.0)    Expected credit loss allowance         (3.8)         (6.6) 
     8.4                                             4.9          12.7 
     0.5    Prepayments and accrued income           2.2           1.2 
     4.0    Other taxes                              0.1             - 
     8.2    Other trade receivables                  6.8           7.9 
    21.1                                            14.0          21.8 
--------    ------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

Trade receivables consist of rent and service charge monies, which are due on the quarter day with no credit period. Interest is charged on trade receivables in accordance with the terms of the occupier ' s lease. Trade receivables are provided for based on the expected credit loss, which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance for all trade receivables based on an assessment of each individual occupier's circumstance. This assessment reviews the outstanding balances of each individual occupier and makes an assessment of the likelihood of recovery, based on an evaluation of their financial situation. Where the expected credit loss relates to revenue already recognised this has been recognised immediately in the income statement. For the portion of the expected credit loss that relates to future revenue which is no longer considered fully recoverable, the relevant amount of rent received in advance has been released.

 
31 March                                                      30 September  30 September 
    2022                                                              2022          2021 
    GBPm                                                              GBPm          GBPm 
--------    ------------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
            Movements in expected credit loss allowance 
   (7.9)    Balance at 1 April                                       (6.0)         (7.9) 
            Expected credit loss allowance during the period 
   (4.9)     (see below)                                             (1.4)         (3.7) 
     1.1    Expected credit loss allowance in respect of               0.8           0.3 
             future periods 
     5.7    Amounts written-off as uncollectable                       2.8           4.7 
   (6.0)                                                             (3.8)         (6.6) 
--------    ------------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

The expected credit loss for the period comprises:

 
                                                        Gross     Net of VAT          Gross     Net of VAT 
                                                 30 September   30 September   30 September   30 September 
                                                         2022           2022           2021           2021 
                                                         GBPm           GBPm           GBPm           GBPm 
----------------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
Expected credit loss allowance for the period 
Group                                                     1.4            1.2            3.7            3.1 
Joint ventures (at share)                               (0.1)          (0.1)          (0.4)          (0.4) 
----------------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
Total                                                     1.3            1.1            3.3            2.7 
----------------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

13 Trade and other payables

 
31 March                                 30 September  30 September 
    2022                                         2022          2021 
    GBPm                                         GBPm          GBPm 
--------    ---------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
    16.0    Rents received in advance            14.2          16.0 
    16.9    Accrued capital expenditure           7.9          18.0 
    19.2    Other accruals                       16.7          17.7 
     3.1    Other payables                        1.9           1.6 
    55.2                                         40.7          53.3 
--------    ---------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

14 Interest-bearing loans and borrowings

 
31 March                                                    30 September  30 September 
    2022                                                            2022          2021 
    GBPm                                                            GBPm          GBPm 
--------    ----------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
            Non-current liabilities at amortised cost 
             Secured 
    22.0    GBP21.9 million 5.625% debenture stock 2029             22.0          22.0 
            Unsecured 
    85.4    GBP450.0 million revolving credit facility             164.6             - 
   174.7    GBP175.0 million 2.15% private placement notes         174.8         174.7 
             2024 
    39.9    GBP40.0 million 2.70% private placement notes           39.9          39.9 
             2028 
    29.9    GBP30.0 million 2.79% private placement notes           29.9          29.9 
             2030 
    29.9    GBP30.0 million 2.93% private placement notes           29.9          29.9 
             2033 
    24.9    GBP25.0 million 2.75% private placement notes           24.9          24.8 
             2032 
   124.3    GBP125.0 million 2.77% private placement notes         124.3         124.2 
             2035 
   531.0                                                           610.3         445.4 
--------    ----------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

At 30 September 2022, the Group had a floating rate GBP450.0 million revolving credit facility. The facility is unsecured, attracts a floating rate based on a headline margin which was reduced to 90.0 basis points over SONIA (plus or minus 2.5 basis points subject to a number of ESG linked targets). GBP400 million of the facility matures in January 2027, with the remainder maturing in January 2025. At 30 September 2022, the Group had GBP284 million (2021: GBP450.0 million) of undrawn committed credit facilities.

At 30 September 2022, properties with a carrying value of GBP116.3 million (2021: GBP115.0 million) were secured under the Group's debenture stock.

Fair value of financial liabilities

 
                                                                                                   30 September 
   31 March     31 March                                 30 September  30 September  30 September          2021 
       2022         2022                                         2022          2022          2021          Fair 
 Book value   Fair value    Items not carried at fair      Book value    Fair value    Book value         value 
       GBPm         GBPm     value                               GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm 
-----------  -----------    ---------------------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
                            Short-term interest-bearing 
        0.2          0.2     loans and borrowings                   -             -             -             - 
                            GBP21.9 million 5.625% 
       22.0         25.7     debenture stock 2029                22.0          21.4          22.0          26.7 
      423.6        412.0    Private placement notes             423.7         332.8         423.4         431.5 
                            GBP450.0 million revolving 
       85.4         85.4     credit facility                    164.6         164.6             -             - 
      531.2        523.3                                        610.3         518.8         445.4         458.2 
-----------  -----------    ---------------------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 

The fair values of the Group's cash and cash equivalents and trade payables and receivables are not materially different from those at which they are carried in the financial statements. The fair values of the Group's private placement notes and debenture stock were determined by comparing the discounted future cash flows using the contracted yields with those of the reference gilts plus the implied margins.

15 Share capital

 
                                                       Six months     Six months       Six months     Six months 
    Year to    Year to                                         to             to               to             to 
   31 March   31 March                               30 September   30 September     30 September   30 September 
       2022       2022                                       2022           2022             2021           2021 
     Number       GBPm                                     Number           GBPm           Number           GBPm 
-----------  ---------    ------------------------  -------------  -------------    -------------  ------------- 
                          Allotted, called up and 
                           fully paid 
                          At the beginning and end 
253,867,911       38.7     of the period              253,867,911           38.7      253,867,911           38.7 
-----------  ---------    ------------------------  -------------  -------------    -------------  ------------- 
 

At 30 September 2022, the Company had 253,867,911 ordinary shares with a nominal value of 15(5) (19) pence each.

16 Head lease obligations

Head lease obligations in respect of the Group's leasehold properties are payable as follows:

 
                                                              Present                                          Present 
                            Minimum                          value of        Minimum                          value of 
                              lease           Impact          minimum          lease           Impact          minimum 
                           payments   of discounting   lease payments       payments   of discounting   lease payments 
                       30 September     30 September     30 September   30 September     30 September     30 September 
                               2022             2022             2022           2021             2021             2021 
                               GBPm             GBPm             GBPm           GBPm             GBPm             GBPm 
--------------------  -------------  ---------------  ---------------  -------------  ---------------  --------------- 
Less than one year              2.4            (2.4)                -            1.9            (1.9)                - 
Between two and five 
 years                          9.7            (9.5)              0.2            9.5            (9.4)              0.1 
More than five years          302.8          (236.3)             66.5          191.1          (150.5)             40.6 
--------------------  -------------  ---------------  ---------------  -------------  ---------------  --------------- 
                              314.9          (248.2)             66.7          202.5          (161.8)             40.7 
--------------------  -------------  ---------------  ---------------  -------------  ---------------  --------------- 
 

During the period, the Group regeared the head lease at 2 Aldermanbury Square, EC2 and purchased the leasehold interest of 6/10 St Andrew Street, EC4 .

17 Occupational leases obligations

Obligations in respect of the Group's occupational leases for its head office are payable as follows:

 
                                                              Present                                          Present 
                            Minimum                          value of        Minimum                          value of 
                              lease           Impact          minimum          lease           Impact          minimum 
                           payments   of discounting   lease payments       payments   of discounting   lease payments 
                       30 September     30 September     30 September   30 September     30 September     30 September 
                               2022             2022             2022           2021             2021             2021 
                               GBPm             GBPm             GBPm           GBPm             GBPm             GBPm 
--------------------  -------------  ---------------  ---------------  -------------  ---------------  --------------- 
Less than one year              1.0                -              1.0            1.0            (0.1)              0.9 
Between two and five 
 years                          1.5            (0.1)              1.4            2.6            (0.1)              2.5 
More than five years              -                -                -              -                -                - 
--------------------  -------------  ---------------  ---------------  -------------  ---------------  --------------- 
                                2.5            (0.1)              2.4            3.6            (0.2)              3.4 
--------------------  -------------  ---------------  ---------------  -------------  ---------------  --------------- 
 

18 Investment in own shares

 
                                                          Six months     Six months 
  Year to                                                         to             to 
 31 March                                               30 September   30 September 
     2022                                                       2022           2021 
     GBPm                                                       GBPm           GBPm 
---------    ----------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
    (0.2)    At the beginning of the period                    (3.6)          (0.2) 
    (3.9)    Employee Long-Term Incentive Plan charge          (1.2)          (2.0) 
      0.5    Transfer to retained earnings                       2.1            0.5 
        -    Other                                             (0.1)              - 
    (3.6)    At the end of the period                          (2.8)          (1.7) 
---------    ----------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

The investment in the Company's own shares is held at cost and comprises 1,025,440 shares (31 March 2022: 877,335 shares) held by the Great Portland Estates plc LTIP Employee Share Trust which will vest for certain senior employees of the Group if performance conditions are met.

During the period, 53,831 shares (2021: no shares) were awarded to directors and senior employees in respect of the 2019 LTIP award. The fair value of shares awarded and outstanding at 30 September 2022 was GBP12.9 million (2021: GBP12.2 million).

19 Notes to the group statement of cash flow

Adjustment for non-cash items

 
                                                               Six months     Six months 
  Year to                                                              to             to 
 31 March                                                    30 September   30 September 
     2022                                                            2022           2021 
     GBPm                                                            GBPm           GBPm 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
  (107.9)    Deficit/(surplus) from investment property              80.6         (26.6) 
      3.9    Employee Long-Term Incentive charge and other            1.3            2.0 
              items 
    (1.2)    Spreading of tenant lease incentives                   (2.5)          (0.2) 
   (45.9)    Share of results from joint ventures                    14.8         (26.8) 
      1.6    Depreciation                                             0.9            0.7 
    (0.2)    Other                                                  (0.1)          (0.1) 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
  (149.7)    Adjustments for non-cash items                          95.0         (51.0) 
---------    ---------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

20 Rent receivable under non-cancellable leases

Future aggregate minimum rents receivable under non-cancellable leases are:

 
31 March                                30 September  30 September 
    2022                                        2022          2021 
    GBPm                                        GBPm          GBPm 
--------    --------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
            The Group as a lessor 
    56.4    Less than one year                  60.1          57.3 
   122.1    Between one and five years         145.6         111.7 
    78.9    More than five years                75.3          67.3 
--------    --------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
   257.4                                       281.0         236.3 
--------    --------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

The Group leases its investment properties. The weighted average length of lease at 30 September 2022 was 3.4 years (2021: 3.2 years). All investment properties, except those under development or being prepared for development, generated rental income and no contingent rents were recognised in the period (2021: GBPnil).

21 Dividends

The declared interim dividend of 4.7 pence per share (2021: 4.7 pence per share) was approved by the Board on 17 November 2022 and is payable on 4 January 2023 to shareholders on the register on 25 November 2022. The dividend is not recognised as a liability in the Half Year Results.

22 Reserves

The following describes the nature and purpose of each reserve within equity:

Share capital

The nominal value of the Company's issued share capital, comprising 15(5) (19) pence ordinary shares.

Share premium

Amount subscribed for share capital in excess of nominal value less directly attributable issue costs.

Capital redemption reserve

Amount equivalent to the nominal value of the Company's own shares acquired as a result of share buy-back programmes.

Retained earnings

Cumulative net gains and losses recognised in the Group income statement together with other items such as dividends.

Investment in own shares

Amount paid to acquire the Company's own shares for its Employee Long-Term Incentive Plan less accounting charges.

Directors' responsibility statement

The Directors confirm that the condensed interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United Kingdom adopted International Accounting Standard 34, "Interim Financial Reporting", and that the Interim Results includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.7 and DTR 4.2.8, namely:

-- an indication of important events that have occurred during the period and their impact on the interim condensed financial statements, and a description of the principal risks and uncertainties for the remainder of the financial year; and

-- material related party transactions in the period and any material changes in the related party transactions described in the last annual report.

By the order of the Board

 
Toby Courtauld     Nick Sanderson 
 Chief Executive    Chief Financial & Operating Officer 
 17 November 2022   17 November 2022 
 

Independent review report to Great Portland Estates plc

We have been engaged by the company to review the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 September 2022 which comprises the condensed group income statement, the condensed group statement of comprehensive income, the condensed group balance sheet, the condensed group statement of changes in equity, the condensed group cash flow statement and related notes 1 to 22.

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 September 2022 is not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with United Kingdom adopted International Accounting Standard 34 and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

Basis for Conclusion

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements (UK) 2410 "Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity" issued by the Financial Reporting Council for use in the United Kingdom (ISRE (UK) 2410). A review of interim financial information consists of making inquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures. A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and consequently does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

As disclosed in note 1, the annual financial statements of the group are prepared in accordance with United Kingdom adopted international accounting standards. The condensed set of financial statements included in this half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with United Kingdom adopted International Accounting Standard 34, "Interim Financial Reporting".

Conclusion Relating to Going Concern

Based on our review procedures, which are less extensive than those performed in an audit as described in the Basis for Conclusion section of this report, nothing has come to our attention to suggest that the directors have inappropriately adopted the going concern basis of accounting or that the directors have identified material uncertainties relating to going concern that are not appropriately disclosed.

This Conclusion is based on the review procedures performed in accordance with ISRE (UK) 2410; however future events or conditions may cause the entity to cease to continue as a going concern.

Responsibilities of the directors

The directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

In preparing the half-yearly financial report, the directors are responsible for assessing the group's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the directors either intend to liquidate the company or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so.

Auditor's Responsibilities for the review of the financial information

In reviewing the half-yearly financial report, we are responsible for expressing to the company a conclusion on the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report. Our Conclusion, including our Conclusion Relating to Going Concern, are based on procedures that are less extensive than audit procedures, as described in the Basis for Conclusion paragraph of this report.

Use of our report

This report is made solely to the company in accordance with ISRE (UK) 2410. Our work has been undertaken so that we might state to the company those matters we are required to state to it in an independent review report and for no other purpose. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the company, for our review work, for this report, or for the conclusions we have formed.

Deloitte LLP

Statutory Auditor

London, United Kingdom

17 November 2022

Directors and shareholders' information

Directors

 
Richard Mully                         Mark Anderson 
 Chairman, Non-Executive               Non-Executive Director 
Toby Courtauld                        Nick Hampton 
 Chief Executive                       Non-Executive Director 
 Nick Sanderson                        Emma Woods 
 Chief Financial & Operating Officer   Non-Executive Director 
 Dan Nicholson                         Charles Philipps 
 Executive Director                    Non-Executive Director 
                                       Alison Rose 
                                       Non-Executive Director 
                                       Champa Magesh 
                                       Non-Executive Director 
 

Shareholders' information

 
Financial calendar                                 2022 
  Ex-dividend date for interim dividend              24 November 
Registration qualifying date for interim 
 dividend                                          25 November 
                                                   2023 
Interim dividend payable                           4 January 
Announcement of full year results                  24 May* 
Annual General Meeting                             6 July* 
Final dividend payable                             10 July* 
                                                   *Provisional. 
 
  Shareholder enquiries                             Dividend payments 
  All enquiries relating to holdings                As a REIT, dividend payments must 
  of shares, bonds or debentures in                 be split between PIDs and non-PIDs. 
  GPE, including notification of change             Information in respect of the tax 
  of address, queries regarding dividend/interest   consequences for shareholders of 
  payments or the loss of a certificate,            receiving dividends can be found 
  should be addressed to the Company's              on the Company's website at 
  registrars:                                       www.gpe.co.uk/investors/shareholder-information/reits 
 
  Equiniti Limited                                  Company Secretary 
  Aspect House                                      Darren Lennark 
  Spencer Road                                      Registered office: 
  Lancing                                           33 Cavendish Square 
  West Sussex                                       London W1G 0PW 
  BN99 6DA                                          Tel: 020 7647 3000 
                                                    Fax: 020 7016 5500 
  Tel: +44 (0) 371 384 2030 (Lines are              Registered Number: 596137 
  open 8.30am-5.30pm Monday to Friday) 
 
  E-mail: customer@equiniti.com 
 
  See www.shareview.co.uk for further 
  information 
 
  Website: www.gpe.co.uk 
  The Company's corporate website holds, 
  amongst other information, a copy 
  of our latest annual report and accounts, 
  a list of properties held by the Group 
  and press announcements. 
 

Glossary

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Methodology (BREEAM)

Building Research Establishment method of assessing, rating and certifying the sustainability of buildings.

Cash EPS

EPRA EPS adjusted for non-cash items: tenant incentives, capitalised interest and charges for share-based payments.

Core West End

Areas of London with W1 and SW1 postcodes.

Development profit on cost

The value of the development at completion, less the value of the land at the point of development commencement and costs to construct (including finance charges, letting fees, void costs and marketing expenses).

Development profit on cost %

The development profit on cost divided by the land value at the point of development commencement together with the costs to construct.

Earnings per Share (EPS)

Profit after tax divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue.

EPRA metrics

Standard calculation methods for adjusted EPS and NAV as set out by the European Public Real Estate Association (EPRA) in their Best Practice and Policy Recommendations.

EPRA net disposal value (NDV)

Represents the shareholders' value under a disposal scenario, where deferred tax, financial instruments and certain other adjustments are calculated to the full extent of their liability, net of any resulting tax. Diluted net assets per share adjusted to remove the impact of goodwill arising as a result of deferred tax and fixed interest rate debt.

EPRA Net Reinstatement Value (NRV)

Represents the value of net assets on a long-term basis. Assets and liabilities that are not expected to crystallise in normal circumstances such as the fair value movements on financial derivatives, real estate transfer taxes and deferred taxes on property valuation surpluses are therefore excluded.

EPRA net tangible assets (NTA)

Assumes that entities buy and sell assets, thereby crystallising certain levels of unavoidable deferred tax. Diluted net assets per share adjusted to remove the cumulative fair value movements on interest-rate swaps and similar instruments, the carrying value of goodwill arising as a result of deferred tax and other intangible assets.

Estimated Rental Value (ERV)

The market rental value of lettable space as estimated by the Company's valuers at each balance sheet date.

Fair value - investment property

The amount as estimated by the Company's valuers for which a property should exchange on the date of valuation between a willing buyer and a willing seller in an arm's-length transaction after proper marketing wherein the parties had each acted knowledgeably, prudently and without compulsion. In line with market practice, values are stated net of purchasers' costs.

Glossary (continued)

Ready-to-fit

For businesses typically taking larger spaces on longer leases who want to fit out the space themselves.

Fitted spaces

Where businesses can move into fully furnished, well designed workspaces, with their own front door, furniture, meeting rooms, kitchen and branding.

Fully Managed

Fitted space where GPE handles all day-to-day running of the workplace in one monthly bill.

Flex partnerships

Revenue share agreements with flexible space operators, these are typically structured via lease arrangements with the revenue share recognised within rental income.

Internal Rate of Return (IRR)

The rate of return that if used as a discount rate and applied to the projected cash flows that would result in a net present value of zero.

MSCI

Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI) is a company that produces an independent benchmark of property returns.

MSCI central London

An index, compiled by MSCI, of the central and inner London properties in their monthly and quarterly valued universes.

Like-for-like portfolio

The element of the portfolio that has been held for the whole of the period of account.

EPRA Loan-to-Value (LTV)

The nominal value of total bank loans, private placement notes, debenture stock and any net liabilities/assets, net of cash (including our share of joint ventures balances), expressed as a percentage of the market value of the property portfolio (including our share of joint ventures).

Net assets per share or Net Asset Value (NAV)

Equity shareholders' funds divided by the number of ordinary shares at the balance sheet date presented on a diluted and undiluted basis.

Net debt

The book value of the Group's bank and loan facilities, private placement notes and debenture loans plus the nominal value of the convertible bond less cash and cash equivalents.

Net gearing

Total Group borrowings (including the convertible bonds at nominal value) less short-term deposits and cash as a percentage of equity shareholders' funds, calculated in accordance with our bank covenants.

Net initial yield

Annual net rents on investment properties as a percentage of the investment property valuation having added notional purchaser's costs.

Non-PIDs

Dividends from profits of the Group's taxable residual business.

PMI

Purchasing Managers Index.

Property Income Distributions (PIDs)

Dividends from profits of the Group's tax-exempt property rental business.

REIT

UK Real Estate Investment Trust.

Rent roll

The annual contracted rental income.

Glossary (continued)

Return on shareholders' equity

The growth in the EPRA diluted net assets per share plus dividends per share for the period expressed as a percentage of the EPRA net assets per share at the beginning of the period.

Reversionary or under-rented

The percentage by which ERV exceeds rent roll on let space.

Reversionary potential

The percentage by which ERV exceeds rent roll on let space.

Topped up initial yield

Annual net rents on investment properties as a percentage of the investment property valuation having added notional purchaser's costs and contracted uplifts from tenant incentives.

Total Accounting Return (TAR)

The growth in EPRA NTA per share plus ordinary dividends paid, expressed as a percentage of EPRA NTA per share at the beginning of the period.

Total potential future growth

Portfolio rent roll plus the ERV of void space, space under refurbishment and the committed development schemes, expressed as a percentage uplift on the rent roll at the end of the period.

Total Property Return (TPR)

Capital growth in the portfolio plus net rental income derived from holding these properties plus profit on sale of disposals expressed as a percentage return on the period's opening value as calculated by MSCI.

Total Shareholder Return (TSR)

The growth in the ordinary share price as quoted on the London Stock Exchange plus dividends per share received for the period expressed as a percentage of the share price at the beginning of the period.

Triple net asset value (NNNAV)

NAV adjusted to include the fair value of the Group's financial liabilities and deferred tax on a diluted basis.

True equivalent yield

The constant capitalisation rate which, if applied to all cash flows from an investment property, including current rent, reversions to current market rent and such items as voids and expenditures, equates to the market value having taken into account notional purchaser's costs. Assumes rent is received quarterly in advance.

Ungeared IRR

The ungeared internal rate of return (IRR) is the interest rate at which the net present value of all the cash flows (both positive and negative) from a project or investment equal zero, without the benefit of financing. The internal rate of return is used to evaluate the attractiveness of a project or investment.

Vacancy rate

The element of a property which is unoccupied but available for letting, expressed as the ERV of the vacant space divided by the ERV of the total portfolio.

Weighted Average Unexpired Lease Term (WAULT)

The Weighted Average Unexpired Lease Term expressed in years.

Whole life surplus

The value of the development at completion, less the value of the land at the point of acquisition and costs to construct (including finance charges, letting fees, void costs and marketing expenses) plus any income earned over the period.

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(END) Dow Jones Newswires

November 17, 2022 02:00 ET (07:00 GMT)

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