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Dunedin Enterprise Investment Trust Plc LSE:DNE London Ordinary Share GB0005776561 ORD 25P
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  0.00 0.0% 477.00 464.00 492.00 151 08:20:42
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Equity Investment Instruments 0.8 0.3 1.7 280.6 123

Dunedin Enterprise Inv Trust PLC Half-year Report

16/09/2021 7:00am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


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RNS Number : 9186L

Dunedin Enterprise Inv Trust PLC

16 September 2021

For release

16 September 2021

Dunedin Enterprise Investment Trust PLC

Half year ended 30 June 2021

Dunedin Enterprise Investment Trust PLC, the private equity investment trust which specialises in investing in UK mid-market buyouts, announces its results for the half year ended 30 June 2021.

Financial Highlights :

-- Net asset value total return: 20.5% reflecting the realisation of U-POL after the half year end

   --   Net asset value per share at 30 June 2021: 496.5p (413.9p at 31/12/20), after 2.0p dividend 
   --   Share price at 30 June 2021: 344.0p (336p at 31/12/20) and 416p at 15 September 2021 
   --   Realisations: GBP6.8m in the half year 
   --   GBP126m returned to shareholders since 2012 

Comparative Total Return Performance (%)

 
                                                         FTSE 
                                                    Small Cap 
                         Net asset                    (ex Inv 
 Periods to 30 June     value (per                       Cos) 
  2021                      share)   Share price        Index 
--------------------  ------------  ------------  ----------- 
  Six months                  20.5           3.0         28.5 
 One year                     31.3          31.6         65.2 
 Three years                  34.6           8.7         32.4 
 Five years                   81.5         120.2         80.8 
 Ten years                    85.6         119.3        206.9 
 

For further information please contact:

 
 Graeme Murray 
  Dunedin LLP 
  07813 138367 
 

Chairman's Statement

The total return in the half year to 30 June 2021 was 20.5% in terms of net asset value per share. This is stated after allowing for a final dividend for 2020 of 2.0p paid in May 2021. The net asset value per share increased from 413.9p to 496.5p in the half year reflecting the U-POL realisation announced in July.

The share price total return of 3.0% during the period under review does not reflect the impact of the U-POL realisation which was announced after the half year end.

The share price of 344p at 30 June 2021 represented a discount of 30.7% to the net asset value of 496.5p per share. The share price currently stands at 416p, representing a discount of 16.2%.

Portfolio

The refinancing at Hawksford, a leading provider of corporate, private client and fund services, was completed in February 2021 generating proceeds of GBP6.9m. The investment was valued at GBP6.9m at 31 December 2020.

Following the half year end a legally binding agreement was entered into for the realisation of U-POL, the manufacturer of automotive refinish products. The transaction was subject to regulatory approval and completed on 15 September 2021. Proceeds from the sale, including GBP0.4m repaid by the company during the half year, amounted to GBP22.0m, representing an uplift of GBP13.0m on the valuation at 31 December 2020 and a return of 4.4 times cost.

An agreement was also entered into following the half year for the realisation of CitySprint, the same day courier. This transaction is subject to regulatory approval and is expected to complete in the second half of 2021. The investment in CitySprint has been valued at the expected proceeds of GBP1.5m. The investment in CitySprint has generated a return of 2.1 times cost.

Overall, the trading performance of the portfolio has largely recovered from the impact of the coronavirus. Unrealised valuation increases totalling GBP22.6m were offset by value decreases of GBP6.6m. The valuation uplift was primarily generated from the realisation of U-POL. There were also valuation uplifts at RED and GPS, offset by reductions in the valuations of FRA, Weldex and Premier Hytemp. Further details are provided in the Manager's Review.

During the half year there was one follow-on investment of GBP0.9m in Incremental, a provider of IT services.

Cash, Commitments & Liquidity

At 30 June 2021 the Company held cash and near cash equivalents totalling GBP19.1m. There are outstanding commitments to limited partnership funds of GBP11.9m at 30 June 2021, consisting of GBP11.1m to Dunedin managed funds and GBP0.8m to Realza.

In view of the cash balances held by the Company, the Board decided not to renew the GBP5m bank facility at 31 May 2021.

Tender Offer

The Company will hold cash balances of cGBP40m on completion of the U-POL and CitySprint realisations. There remain outstanding commitments to limited partnership funds of GBP11.9m. The Board has decided to retain sufficient cash reserves to meet outstanding commitments in full. Following receipt of proceeds from the U-POL realisation it is the Board's intention to undertake a Tender Offer. Further details of the Tender Offer will be issued in due course.

Dividends

A final dividend of 2.0p per share relating to the year ended 31 December 2020 was paid to shareholders in May 2021, amounting to GBP0.4m.

Outlook

While the disruption created by the pandemic has continued to be a focus for our portfolio companies during the period under review, their generally strong financial position has provided some protection. The Board welcomes the realisations achieved in the year to date and looks forward to being in a position to return cash to shareholders in the second half of 2021, building on the GBP126m which has already been returned to shareholders since 2012.

Duncan Budge

16 September 2021

Manager's Review

Results for the six months to 30 June 2021

In the six months to 30 June 2021, the net asset value per share total return was 20.5%, after taking account a dividend paid for 2020 of 2.0p per share (paid in May 2021). This compares with an increase in the FTSE Small Cap Index (ex Inv. Cos) over the same period of 28.5%.

In the six months to 30 June 2021 the Company invested a total of GBP1.4m and realised GBP6.8m from investments.

Net asset and cash movements in the half year to 30 June 2021

The movement in net asset value is summarised in the table below:-

 
                                       GBP'm 
-------------------------------------  ----- 
Net asset value at 31 December 2020     74.9 
Unrealised value increases              22.6 
Unrealised value decreases             (6.6) 
Realised loss over opening valuation   (0.9) 
Dividends paid to shareholders         (0.3) 
Other movements                          0.2 
-------------------------------------  ----- 
Net asset value at 30 June 2021         89.9 
-------------------------------------  ----- 
 

Cash movements in the half year to 30 June 2021 can be summarised as follows:-

 
                                            GBP'm 
------------------------------------------  ----- 
Cash & near cash balances at 
31 December 2020                             13.8 
Investments made                            (1.4) 
Investments realised                          6.8 
Dividends paid to shareholders              (0.3) 
Operating activities                          0.2 
------------------------------------------  ----- 
Cash & near cash balances at 30 June 2021    19.1 
------------------------------------------  ----- 
 

Portfolio composition and movements

Dunedin Enterprise holds investments in unquoted companies through:-

   --           Dunedin managed funds, and 
   --           Third party managed funds. 

The portfolio movements can be analysed as shown in the table below:-

 
                                     Additions  Disposals 
                          Valuation    in half    in half   Realised  Unrealised    Valuation 
                        at 31-12-20       year       year   movement    movement   at 30-6-21 
                              GBP'm      GBP'm      GBP'm      GBP'm       GBP'm        GBP'm 
---------------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ----------- 
Dunedin managed                57.8        1.4      (6.8)      (0.9)        15.4         66.9 
Third party managed             4.5          -          -          -         0.5          5.0 
---------------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ----------- 
Investment portfolio           62.3        1.4      (6.8)      (0.9)        15.9         71.9 
AAA rated money 
 market funds 
 (excluding cash 
 on deposit)                   13.7        6.2      (1.0)          -           -         18.9 
---------------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ----------- 
Total                          76.0        7.6      (7.8)      (0.9)        15.9         90.8 
---------------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ----------- 
 

Realisations

In the half year a total of GBP6.8m was realised from the portfolio of investments.

In February 2021 Hawksford, a leading provider of corporate, private client and fund services, completed its refinancing. Completion of the transaction had been subject to regulatory approval. Proceeds from the refinancing amounted to GBP6.9m, consisting of capital of GBP6.3m and income of GBP0.6m. The investment in Hawksford was valued at GBP6.9m at 31 December 2020. Dunedin Enterprise retains a 5% interest in Hawksford. No value has been attributed to this at 30 June 2021.

Following the half year end in July 2021 a legally binding agreement was entered into to realise U-POL, the manufacturer of automotive refinish products, including body fillers, coatings, aerosols, polishing compounds and consumables. The transaction was subject to regulatory approval and completed on 15 September 2021. The investment in U-POL was valued at GBP9.0m at 31 December 2020. Proceeds from the sale, including redemptions of loan stock since 31 December 2020, amounted to GBP22.0m, consisting of capital of GBP19.7m and income of GBP2.3m. A total of GBP24.6m has been generated from the investment compared to an original cost of GBP5.7m, a return of 4.4 times cost.

An agreement was entered into in August 2021 to realise the remaining investment in CitySprint, the same day courier. The transaction is subject to regulatory approval and is expected to complete in the second half of 2021. The investment in CitySprint has been valued at the expected proceeds from the transaction of GBP1.5m. A total of GBP21.3m has been generated from the investment compared to an original cost of GBP10.5m, a return of 2.1 times cost.

Investment activity

During the six months to 30 June 2020 a follow-on investment of GBP0.9m was made in Incremental, the market leading IT services provider which designs, implements and supports clients with ERP/CRM systems and cloud infrastructure. Further funding was provided to enable Incremental to follow its buy-and-build strategy with the acquisition of RedSpire. The RedSpire acquisition increases Incremental's market position in the financial services sector and makes it one of the largest Microsoft Dynamics partners in the UK.

A further GBP0.3m was drawn down by Dunedin and third-party managed funds to meet management fees and ongoing expenses.

Unrealised movements in valuations

Unrealised valuation increases in the half year amounted to GBP22.6m. There were valuation uplifts at U-POL (GBP13.0m), RED (GBP4.8m) and GPS (GBP2.0m).

As noted above, a legally binding contract was entered into to realise U-POL, the manufacturer of automotive refinish products, which completed on 15 September 2021. The realisation was achieved on the back of a 44% increase in maintainable EBITDA in the half year. Proceeds from the sale amounted to GBP22.0m compared to a valuation of GBP9.0m at 31 December 2020.

RED, the provider of SAP contract and permanent staff, has experienced an 47% increase in maintainable EBITDA during the half year. Both the contract and permanent sides of the business are performing strongly. The company has come through the coronavirus pandemic extremely well with management prioritising cost control and cash collection and focusing on sales to well-capitalised customers globally.

GPS, a market leader in payment processing technology, has shown revenue growth of 16% in the half year to 30 June 2021. Transaction levels have started to increase following the ending/relaxation of European lockdowns. The restrictions currently being placed on travel will continue to impact the growth of the company. In spite of the restrictions imposed as a result of coronavirus GPS achieved revenue growth of 28% in 2020.

The principal valuation reductions were at FRA (GBP3.6m), Weldex (GBP1.7m) and Premier Hytemp (GBP1.1m).

FRA, the forensic accounting, data analytics and e-discovery business, continues to experience a slowdown in new business wins following the coronavirus outbreak. A new CEO joined the company in June 2021. Management's medium-term view remains positive as they anticipate a wave of new regulatory investigations to commence in the coming months. The business has retained core talent, beyond that required for current utilisation levels, in anticipation of significant project wins in the medium term.

Weldex, the market leading crawler crane hire business, has experienced delays in cranes going out for large construction projects and pricing pressure on rates. The investment continues to be valued on a net assets basis.

Premier Hytemp, the provider of highly engineered components to the oil and gas industry, has suffered from a weak market over the past eighteen months. The business expects that there will be a market upturn in Q4 of 2021. The investment continues to be valued on a net assets basis.

The average earnings multiple applied to the valuation of the Dunedin managed portfolio was 9.5x EBITDA (31 December 2020: 9.2x). These multiples are applied to the maintainable earnings of portfolio companies. Within the Dunedin managed portfolio, the weighted average gearing of the companies was 3.2x EBITDA (31 December 2020: 2.4x).

The portfolio continues to be valued in accordance with the International Private Equity Venture Capital valuation guidelines (www.privateequityvaluation.com).

Dunedin LLP

16 September 2021

Ten Largest Investments

by value at 30 June 2021

 
                     Approx.                           Percentage 
                  percentage      Cost of   Directors      of net 
                   of equity   investment   valuation      assets 
Company name               %      GBP'000     GBP'000           % 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
U-POL                    5.0        5,253      21,597        24.0 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
GPS                      8.5        8,220      16,106        17.9 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
RED                     20.1        9,665      13,738        15.3 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
Weldex                  15.1        9,505       6,547         7.3 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
FRA                      5.2        1,413       5,836         6.5 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
Realza                   8.9        4,223       4,824         5.4 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
Incremental              8.2        3,875       4,701         5.2 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
Premier Hytemp          23.0       10,136       2,190         2.4 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
EV                      10.6        8,321       1,912         2.1 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
CitySprint               0.6       7,978*       1,541         1.7 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
                                   68,589      78,992        87.8 
---------------  -----------  -----------  ----------  ---------- 
 

* - accounting book cost. Original investment in 2010 of GBP9.8m. Total proceeds of GBP26.1m were received from a secondary buyout in 2016. Cash proceeds of GBP18.8m were received and the balance of GBP7.3m was rolled into a CitySprint newco. A further GBP0.7m was invested in 2019.

Total return of ten largest investments

at 30 June 2021

 
                    Original 
                     cost of   Realised   Directors     Total 
                  investment   to date*   valuation    return 
Company name         GBP'000    GBP'000     GBP'000   GBP'000 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
U-POL                  5,657      2,993      21,597    24,590 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
GPS                    7,739          -      16,106    16,106 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
RED                   10,844      1,432      13,738    15,170 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
Weldex                 9,505        119       6,547     6,666 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
FRA                    6,035      5,504       5,836    11,340 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
Realza                11,580     11,651       4,824    16,475 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
Incremental            3,924          -       4,701     4,701 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
Premier Hytemp        10,136        178       2,190     2,368 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
EV                     8,321          -       1,912     1,912 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
CitySprint            10,507     19,763       1,541    21,304 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
                      84,248     41,640      78,992   120,632 
---------------  -----------  ---------  ----------  -------- 
 
   *   - dividends and capital. 

Top ten investments (held via funds and direct investments)

U-POL

   Percentage of equity held         5.0% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP5.3m 
   Directors' valuation              GBP21.6m 
   Percentage of net assets          24.0% 

U-POL is a leading independent manufacturer of automotive refinish products including body fillers, coatings, aerosols, polishing compounds and consumables. Included in the product range is RAPTOR(TM), a tough protective coating product which can be used over a multitude of surfaces. Sales of RAPTOR(TM) continue to grow steadily and the business is exploring opportunities to sell this product into adjacent sectors.

From its UK manufacturing base in Wellingborough, U-POL exports a range of products to 120 countries worldwide. The company has a strong market position in the UK and a growing position in other large markets such as the USA, the Far East, the Middle East, Africa and Russia.

In August 2016 a re-financing of the business was undertaken with Dunedin Enterprise receiving proceeds of GBP2.6m.

In July 2021 a legally binding agreement was entered to realise the investment in U-POL. The transaction was subject to regulatory approval and completed on 15 September 2021.

GPS

   Percentage of equity held         8.5% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP8.2m 
   Directors' valuation              GBP16.1m 
   Percentage of net assets          17.9% 

Global Processing Services ("GPS") is a UK headquartered payments processing business providing customers with leading edge payment processing and ancillary services. Customers include new emerging fintech or challenger banks, offering a significantly differentiated proposition for their clients; as well as specialist payment firms serving the travel, insurance and foreign exchange markets. It offers a best in class, scalable payment processing platform with flexibility, innovative features and an accelerated speed to market for new market entrants. It has over 200 clients, including many UK fintech and challenger banks, and is seeing significant growth opportunities from emerging overseas challenger banks as they seek to disrupt their own domestic banking markets.

GPS has a large and growing addressable market. Challenger banks and fintech companies needing leading edge payment processing services are being created in all major geographical markets. Many are seeking help from GPS as they start to disrupt their own domestic markets. As the winners emerge, the volume of payments that they generate also increases, thereby adding further volume of processing to the GPS platform. In general, the payments market is growing globally through a reduction in the use of cash and an increase in the use of mobile methods of payment (e.g. phones and 'tap to pay' debit cards).

GPS has an increasingly international target market, with recent client wins in Europe, Hong Kong and Australia. It has recently signed a strategic Partnership with Visa to provide fintech clients with payments technology in the Asia Pacific region. It has also been selected by Mastercard as its chosen processing partner in its Fintech Express Programme. In 2020 GPS was selected by the Department for International Trade (DIT) to become a London Export Champion.

RED

   Percentage of equity held       20.1% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP9.7m 
   Directors' valuation              GBP13.7m 
   Percentage of net assets          15.3% 

RED is a global supplier of SAP contract and permanent staff to international corporations and consultancies. SAP is the market leader in ERP software (Enterprise Resource Planning), which enables companies of all sizes and industries to operate more efficiently, including many of the world's largest organisations. The SAP after sales service market is estimated to be $20bn per annum.

RED, which was founded in 2000, now has a global footprint with access to over 200,000 candidates in 80 countries, and has offices in the UK, Germany, Switzerland and the USA.

RED has a highly scalable business model. Growth is expected to come from deeper penetration of the existing client base, development of new clients, continued focus on service differentiation and increasing market share in existing geographical markets. Additional growth opportunities include expansion to support high growth technologies complementary to SAP.

Weldex

   Percentage of equity held       15.1% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP9.5m 
   Directors' valuation                GBP6.5m 
   Percentage of net assets            7.3% 

Weldex is a market-leading crawler crane hire business in the UK, with the tenth largest lifting capacity globally. It serves the offshore wind, oil & gas, commercial construction and infrastructure markets. Its cranes, including some of the largest in the UK, have been used in a number of significant construction projects including Heathrow Terminal 5, the iconic arch at the Wembley Stadium, the 2012 Olympic site and Crossrail. A recent project was the Viinamaki Wind Farm in Finland where cranes were supplied for the installation of the highest all steel wind turbines to date.

Weldex was established in 1979 and has grown into the UK's largest crawler crane hire company. The company employs over 100 staff and operates nationwide and overseas from its headquarters in Inverness and its depot at Alfreton. The company provides its customers with an established team of fully accredited operators, site managers and service engineers and also supplies associated lifting equipment including wheeled cranes, forklifts, lorry loaders and trailers.

FRA

   Percentage of equity held         5.2% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP1.4m 
   Directors' valuation                GBP5.8m 
   Percentage of net assets            6.5% 

FRA is an international consultancy business that provides forensic accounting, data analytics and e-discovery expertise, helping businesses respond to major regulatory investigations in an increasingly regulated global environment.

FRA works on some of the largest and most complex regulatory investigations globally. Its clients are typically blue-chip multinational corporates seeking advice to help navigate regulatory scrutiny, effect compliant cross border data transfer, and manage risk. The company has offices in London, Dallas, New York, Washington DC, Paris and Zurich. It also runs data centres near each office location as well as in Montreal. The strategy is to develop FRA's international reach by recruiting talent into existing offices whilst opening new offices to access further talent pools or expand client relationships.

Two refinancings of the business have been undertaken with Dunedin Enterprise receiving proceeds of GBP5.5m

Realza Capital

   Percentage of equity held         8.9% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP4.2m 
   Directors' valuation                GBP4.8m 
   Percentage of net assets            5.4% 

Realza Capital FCR is a Spanish private equity fund making investments in Spain and Portugal. The fund is limited to investing 15% of commitments in Portugal. Dunedin Enterprise's investment is held via Dunedin Fund of Funds LP.

The fund invests in companies with leading market positions and attractive growth prospects either through organic growth or through merger & acquisition activity. Realza seeks to invest in companies with an enterprise value normally ranging from EUR20m to EUR100m. The fund's typical equity investment ranges from EUR10m to EUR25m.

Realza has two investments remaining: -

   --           a manufacturer of water pumps for the automotive industry; and 
   --           a producer of premium tomatoes. 

Incremental

   Percentage of equity held         8.2% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP3.9m 
   Directors' valuation                GBP4.7m 
   Percentage of net assets            5.2% 

Incremental is a digital technology services company which helps public sector, not for profit and commercial organisations transform their ERP and CRM systems with Microsoft technologies. It is a Microsoft Inner Circle Partner, putting it in the top 1% of partners worldwide, and also provides Microsoft Power Platform, Modern Workplace, Azure and data services. Its customer base includes Admiral, Virgin Money and the NHS. With a growing customer base in the public sector, not for profit, manufacturing and professional services, Incremental is also increasingly seeing success in the financial services market.

Incremental has three main delivery sites in Glasgow, Inverurie and Manchester. The business has a headcount of 135.

Incremental has a large addressable market which is growing strongly, particularly in the ERP and CRM space. The transition from on-site servers to the Cloud is driving businesses to transform their IT systems and strategies.

Premier Hytemp

   Percentage of equity held       23.0% 
   Cost of Investment               GBP10.1m 
   Directors' valuation                GBP2.2m 
   Percentage of net assets            2.4% 

Premier Hytemp is a global market leader in the manufacture and supply of engineered metal solutions. It is a specialist in the provision of low alloy and nickel alloy steel components for the upstream oil and gas industry. Its components are used in complex engineered assemblies required to extract and control the flow of oil and gas from new reserves, often sub-sea.

Premier Hytemp is headquartered in Edinburgh with manufacturing facilities in Singapore and Malaysia and specialist metal procurement and metallurgy services in Edinburgh.

EV

   Percentage of equity held       10.6% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP8.3m 
   Directors' valuation                GBP1.9m 
   Percentage of net assets            2.1% 

EV is a UK headquartered, global market leader in the provision of high performance, video cameras and other visualisation technology used to analyse problems in oil and gas wells.

It offers a highly specialist service, providing skilled engineers to operate its cameras in the most difficult down-hole conditions. The high-resolution video images produced by EV's cameras allow oil and gas well operators to identify and solve problems rapidly. EV is based in Aberdeen, Houston and Norwich. It has a further presence in seventeen worldwide locations across Northern Europe, Canada, USA, West Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Australasia. The business employs more than 100 staff.

EV has a significant technological competitive edge operating in a predominantly untapped global market and is a global leader in this field. The business has technological competitive advantage around imaging (it has the only camera that can provide a 360 degree, top-to-toe perspective of well performance and integrity in HD colour) and around operating conditions (the cameras can operate under extremes of heat, pressure and visibility). EV has a strong, committed management team and a good reputation with its customers.

CitySprint

   Percentage of equity held         0.6% 
   Cost of Investment                 GBP8.0m 
   Directors' valuation                GBP1.5m 
   Percentage of net assets            1.7% 

CitySprint is the UK's largest national time-critical and same day distribution network. It benefits from an asset-light business model with over 3,000 self-employed couriers, making the business both highly flexible and scalable. It operates from 40 service centres in the UK and handles over ten million critical same day deliveries a year.

CitySprint offers a range of services including SameDay Courier, UK Overnight and International courier services, as well as more complex logistics services. It services a number of different sectors, including healthcare, online retail fulfilment and parts fulfilment such as outsourced supply chain services for engineering and servicing companies. During the period of Dunedin's investment, CitySprint has completed 29 acquisitions. CitySprint now has the UK's largest same day healthcare courier network.

In February 2016 the investment in CitySprint was partially realised in a sale to LDC. On completion Dunedin Enterprise received proceeds totalling GBP26.1m of which GBP22.8m was capital and GBP3.3m was loan interest. A total of GBP7.3m has been rolled into a CitySprint Newco alongside LDC, resulting in net cash proceeds received of GBP18.8m by Dunedin Enterprise. Dunedin Enterprise retains a 0.8% interest in the Newco.

In August 2021 an agreement was entered to realise the remaining investment in CitySprint. The transaction is subject to regulatory approval and is expected to complete in the second half of 2021.

Overview of Portfolio

Fund Analysis

   Dunedin Buyout Fund II                                                 63% 
   Dunedin Buyout Fund III                                                30% 
   Realza                                                                               7% 

Geographic Location

   UK                                                                                  94% 
   Rest of Europe                                                                  6% 

Valuation Method

   Earnings - provision                                                         3% 
   Earnings - uplift                                                             37% 
   Revenue - uplift                                                             20% 
   Assets basis                                                                     11% 
   Exit value                                                                        29% 

Sector Analysis

   Automotive                                                                       3% 
   Consumer products & services                                         3% 
   Financial services                                                            21% 
   Industrials                                                                       33% 
   Support services                                                              40% 

Year of Investment

   1-3 years                                                                           6% 
   3-5 years                                                                         28% 
   >5 years                                                                          66% 

Statement of Comprehensive Income

for the six months ended 30 June 2021

 
                               Six months ended 30 June      Six months ended 30 June      Year ended 31 December 2020 
                                                   2021                          2020 
                                            (unaudited)                   (unaudited)                        (audited) 
-------------------  ----  ----------------------------  ----------------------------  ------------------------------- 
                            Revenue   Capital     Total   Revenue   Capital     Total    Revenue    Capital      Total 
                     Note   GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000    GBP'000    GBP'000    GBP'000 
-------------------  ----  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
Investment income       3       590         -       590       709         -       709        764          -        764 
Gain/(loss) on 
 investments                      -    15,003    15,003         -  (12,783)  (12,783)          -    (5,993)    (5,993) 
-------------------  ----  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
Total Income                    590    15,003    15,593       709  (12,783)  (12,074)        764    (5,993)    (5,229) 
Expenses 
Investment 
 management 
 fees                          (10)      (31)      (41)       (8)      (23)      (31)       (23)       (69)       (92) 
Other expenses                (193)       (2)     (195)     (166)       (3)     (169)      (372)       (30)      (402) 
-------------------  ----  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
Profit/(loss) 
 before 
 finance costs and 
 tax                            387    14,970    15,357       535  (12,809)  (12,274)        369    (6,092)    (5,723) 
Finance costs                  (12)      (37)      (49)      (10)      (31)      (41)       (24)       (71)       (95) 
-------------------  ----  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
Profit/(loss) 
 before 
 tax                            375    14,933    15,308       525  (12,840)  (12,315)        345    (6,163)    (5,818) 
Taxation                          -         -         -         -         -         -          -          -          - 
-------------------  ----  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
Profit/(loss) for 
 the 
 period                         375    14,933    15,308       525  (12,840)  (12,315)        345    (6,163)    (5,818) 
-------------------  ----  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
Earnings per 
 ordinary 
 share (basic & 
 diluted)               6     2.07p    82.50p    84.57p     2.54p  (62.19)p  (59.65)p      1.70p   (30.37)p   (28.67)p 
-------------------  ----  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------- 
 

The Total column of this statement represents the Statement of Comprehensive Income of the Company, prepared in accordance with international accounting standards in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006. The supplementary revenue and capital columns are both prepared under guidance published by the Association of Investment Companies.

All income is attributable to the equity shareholders of Dunedin Enterprise Investment Trust PLC.

Statement of Changes in Equity

for the six months ended 30 June 2021

Six months ended 30 June 2021 (unaudited)

 
                                 Capital      Capital      Capital         Special                   Total 
                      Share   redemption      reserve      reserve   Distributable     Revenue    retained       Total 
                    capital      reserve     realised            -         Reserve     account    earnings      equity 
                    GBP'000   (restated)   (restated)   unrealised         GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000 
                                 GBP'000      GBP'000      GBP'000 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 At 31 December 
  2020                4,525       49,850       30,600     (16,357)           1,151       5,153      20,547      74,922 
 Profit/(loss) 
  for the half 
  year                    -            -      (4,163)       19,096               -         375      15,308      15,308 
 Dividends paid           -            -            -            -               -       (362)       (362)       (362) 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 At 30 June 
  2021                4,525       49,850       26,437        2,739           1,151       5,166      35,493      89,868 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 

Six months ended 30 June 2020 (unaudited)

 
                                 Capital      Capital      Capital         Special                   Total 
                      Share   redemption      reserve      reserve   Distributable     Revenue    retained       Total 
                    capital      reserve     realised            -         Reserve     account    earnings      equity 
                    GBP'000   (restated)   (restated)   unrealised         GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000 
                                 GBP'000      GBP'000      GBP'000 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 At 31 December 
  2019                5,161       49,214       34,258      (3,877)           1,151       5,840      37,372      91,747 
 Profit/(loss) 
  for the half 
  year                    -            -        6,822     (19,662)               -         525    (12,315)    (12,315) 
 Dividends paid           -            -            -            -               -     (1,032)     (1,032)     (1,032) 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 At 30 June 
  2020                5,161       49,214       41,080     (23,539)           1,151       5,333      24,025      78,400 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 

Year ended 31 December 2020 (audited)

 
                                 Capital      Capital      Capital         Special                   Total 
                      Share   redemption      reserve      reserve   Distributable     Revenue    retained       Total 
                    capital      reserve     realised            -         Reserve     account    earnings      equity 
                    GBP'000   (restated)   (restated)   unrealised         GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000 
                                 GBP'000      GBP'000      GBP'000 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 At 31 December 
  2019                5,161       49,214       34,258      (3,877)           1,151       5,840      37,372      91,747 
 Profit/(loss) 
  for the year            -            -        6,317     (12,480)               -         345     (5,818)     (5,818) 
 Purchase and 
  cancellation 
  of shares           (636)          636      (9,975)            -               -                 (9,975)     (9,975) 
 Dividends paid           -            -            -            -               -     (1,032)     (1,032)     (1,032) 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 At 31 December 
  2020                4,525       49,850       30,600     (16,357)           1,151       5,153      20,547      74,922 
---------------  ----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 

Balance Sheet

As at 30 June 2021

 
 
                                             30 June         30 June    31 December 
                                                2021            2020           2020 
                                         (unaudited)     (unaudited)      (audited) 
                                             GBP'000         GBP'000        GBP'000 
------------------------------------  --------------  --------------  ------------- 
 Non-current assets 
 Investments held at fair value              9 0,821         7 6,551        7 5,985 
 
 Current assets 
 Other receivables                              4 01          1 ,054         1 ,057 
 Cash and cash equivalents                      1 71          3 ,725           1 51 
------------------------------------  --------------  --------------  ------------- 
                                                5 72          4 ,779         1 ,208 
 
 Total assets                                9 1,393         8 1,330        7 7,193 
 
 Current liabilities 
                                             (1 ,525         (2 ,930        (2 ,271 
 Other liabilities                                 )               )              ) 
 
 Net assets                                  8 9,868          78,400        7 4,922 
------------------------------------  --------------  --------------  ------------- 
 
 Capital and reserves 
 Share capital                                4 ,525           5,161         4 ,525 
 Capital redemption reserve                  49,8 50          49,214        49,8 50 
 Capital reserve - realised                  2 6,437          41,080        3 0,600 
 Capital reserve - unrealised                 2 ,739        (23,539)       (16,357) 
 Special distributable reserve                1 ,151          1 ,151          1,151 
 Revenue reserve                              5 ,166           5,333          5,153 
------------------------------------  --------------  --------------  ------------- 
 Total equity                                8 9,868          78,400         74,922 
------------------------------------  --------------  --------------  ------------- 
 
 Net asset value per ordinary share 
  (basic and diluted)                         496.5p          379.8p         413.9p 
 

Cash Flow Statement

for the six months ended 30 June 2021

 
                                                30 June        30 June   31 December 
                                                   2021           2020          2020 
                                            (unaudited)    (unaudited)     (audited) 
                                                GBP'000        GBP'000       GBP'000 
----------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ------------ 
 
   Operating activities 
 Profit / (loss) before tax                      15,308       (12,315)       (5,818) 
 Adjustments for: 
 (Gains) / loss on investments                 (15,003)         12,783         5,993 
 Interest paid                                       49             41            95 
 Decrease in debtors                                656             19            16 
 (Decrease) / increase in creditors               (746)            764           105 
 Net cash from operating activities                 264          1,292           391 
 
 Cash flows from investing activities 
 Purchase of investments                      (1 ,342 )      (1 ,369 )       (2,242) 
 Drawn from subsidiary                             (35)           (46)          (86) 
 Purchase of 'AAA' rated money market 
  funds                                         (6,208)       (12,675)      (12,683) 
 Sale of investments                              6,753         13,771        14,414 
 Distribution from subsidiary                         -             90           187 
 Sale of 'AAA' rated money market funds           1,000              -         7,537 
----------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ------------ 
 Net cash used in investing activities              168          (229)         7,127 
 
 Cash flows from financing activities 
 T ender offer                                      (1)              -       (9,975) 
 Dividends paid                                 (3 62 )      (1 ,032 )       (1,032) 
 Interest paid                                   (4 9 )         (4 1 )          (95) 
 Net cash used in financing activities            (412)        (1,073)      (11,102) 
 
 
 Net i ncrease / (d ecrease) in cash 
  and cash equivalents                               20           (10)       (3,584) 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the start 
  of the period                                     151          3,735         3,735 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the end 
  of the period                                     171          3,725           151 
----------------------------------------  -------------  -------------  ------------ 
 

Statement of Principal Risks and Uncertainties

The Directors have an ongoing process for identifying, evaluating and managing principal risks, emerging risks and uncertainties of the Company. The principal risks faced by the Company related to the Company's investment activities and these are set out below: -

   --          Coronavirus 
   --          Brexit 
   --          investment and liquidity risk 
   --          portfolio concentration risk 
   --          financial risk 
   --          economic risk 
   --          credit risk 
   --          currency risk 
   --          internal control risk 

Information on each of these risks, and an explanation of how they are managed, is on page 23 of the Company's Annual Report for the year ended 31 December 2020.

The Company's principal risks, emerging risks and uncertainties have not changed materially since the date of the Annual Report and are not expected to change materially for the remaining six months of the Company's financial year.

Responsibility statement of the Directors

in respect of the half-yearly financial report

We confirm that to the best of our knowledge:

- the condensed set of financial statements has been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 'Interim Financial Reporting' and give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit of the Company;

- the Chairman's Statement and Manger's Review (together constituting the Interim Management Report) include a fair review of the information required by the Disclosure and Transparency Rules ('DTR') 4.2.7R, being an indication of the important events that have occurred during the first six months of the financial year and their impact on the financial statements;

- the Statement of Principal Risks and Uncertainties shown above is a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.7R; and

- the condensed set of financial statements include a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.8R, being related party transactions that have taken place in the first six months of the financial year and that have materially affected the financial position or performance of the Company during the period, and any changes in the related party transactions described in the last Annual Report that could do so.

On behalf of the Board,

Duncan Budge

Chairman

16 September 2021

Notes to the Accounts

   1.       Unaudited Interim Report 

The comparative financial information contained in this report for the year ended 31 December 2020 does not constitute the Company's statutory accounts but is derived from those accounts. Statutory accounts for the year ended 31 December 2020 have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The auditor has reported on those accounts; their report was (i) unqualified, (ii) did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying their report and (iii) did not contain a statement under section 498 (2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

The financial statements for the six months ended 30 June 2020 and 30 June 2021 have not been audited.

   2.       Basis of Preparation 

These condensed set of financial statements for the six months ended 30 June 2021 have been prepared in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and IAS 34 'Interim Financial Reporting'. They do not include all the information required by International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in full annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Annual Report and Accounts for the year ended 31 December 2020.

In May 2016 shareholders approved a change in the investment policy of the Company. The Company's new investment objective is to conduct an orderly realisation of its relatively illiquid assets, to be effected in a manner that seeks to achieve a balance between maximising the value of its assets and progressively returning cash to shareholders. As it is likely this process, which is expected to have a duration of several years, will ultimately lead to the liquidation of the Company, these financial statements have not been prepared on a going concern basis. No adjustments were necessary to the investment valuations or other assets and liabilities included in the financial statement as a consequence of the change in the basis of preparation.

.

   3.       Income 
 
                                  Six months  Six months 
                                          to          to       Year to 
                                     30 June     30 June   31 December 
                                        2021        2020          2020 
                                     GBP'000     GBP'000       GBP'000 
 
Limited partnership income - UK          582         671           714 
AAA rated money market funds               1          24            33 
Deposit interest                           7          14            15 
Other income                               -           -             2 
                                  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
                                         590         709           764 
                                  ==========  ==========  ============ 
 
   4.       Dividends 
 
                               Six months  Six months 
                                       to          to       Year to 
                                  30 June     30 June   31 December 
                                     2021        2020          2020 
                                  GBP'000     GBP'000       GBP'000 
 
Dividends paid in the period          362       1,032         1,032 
                               ==========  ==========  ============ 
 
   5.         Investments 

All investments are designated fair value through profit or loss at initial recognition, therefore all gains and losses that arise on investments are designated at fair value through profit or loss. Given the nature of the Company's investments the fair value gains recognised in these financial statements are not considered to be readily convertible to cash in full at the balance sheet date and therefore the movement in these fair values are treated as unrealised.

Fair value hierarchy

The Company measures fair values using the following fair value hierarchy that reflects the significance of the inputs used in making the measurements:

-- Level 1: Quoted market price (unadjusted) in an active market for an identical instrument.

-- Level 2: Valuation techniques based on observable inputs, either directly (i.e., as prices) or indirectly (i.e., derived from prices). This category includes instruments valued using: quoted market prices in active markets for similar instruments; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are considered less than active; or other valuation techniques where all significant inputs are directly or indirectly observable from market data.

-- Level 3: Valuation techniques using significant unobservable inputs. This category includes all instruments where the valuation technique includes inputs not based on observable data and the unobservable inputs have a significant effect on the instrument's valuation. This category includes instruments that are valued based on quoted prices for similar instruments where significant unobservable adjustments or assumptions are required to reflect differences between the instruments.

The table below analyses financial instruments, measured at fair value at the end of the reporting period, by the level in the fair value hierarchy into which the fair value measurement is categorised:

 
                                              At        At            At 
                                         30 June   30 June   31 December 
                                            2021      2020          2020 
                                         GBP'000   GBP'000       GBP'000 
 
Level 1 
 'AAA' rated money market funds OEICs     18,907    21,228        13,699 
Level 2                                        -         -             - 
Level 3 
Unlisted investments                      71,914    55,323        62,286 
                                        --------  --------  ------------ 
                                          90,821    76,551        75,985 
                                        ========  ========  ============ 
 
 

The Company recognises transfers between the levels of the fair value hierarchy as of the end of the reporting period during which the transfer occurred. There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy during the six months ended 30 June 2021.

Level 3 fair values

Details of the determination of Level 3 fair value measurements and the movements in Level 3 fair values during the six months ended 30 June 2021 are set out below:-

 
                                       Level 3 
                                       GBP'000 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Book cost at 31 December 2020           78,643 
Unrealised depreciation               (16,357) 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Valuation at 31 December 2020           62,286 
Purchases at cost                        1,377 
Sales - proceeds                       (6,753) 
Sales - realised gain on sales         (4,092) 
Increase in unrealised appreciation     19,096 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Valuation at 30 June 2021               71,914 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Book cost at 30 June 2021               69,175 
Closing unrealised appreciation          2,739 
------------------------------------  -------- 
 

Details of the determination of Level 3 fair value measurements and the movements in Level 3 fair values during the six months ended 30 June 2020 are set out below:-

 
                                       Level 3 
                                       GBP'000 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Book cost at 31 December 2019           84,429 
Unrealised depreciation                (3,877) 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Valuation at 31 December 2019           80,552 
Purchases at cost                        1,415 
Sales - proceeds                      (13,861) 
Sales - realised gain on sales           6,879 
Decrease in unrealised appreciation   (19,662) 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Valuation at 30 June 2020               55,323 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Book cost at 30 June 2020               78,862 
Closing unrealised depreciation       (23,539) 
------------------------------------  -------- 
 

Details of the determination of Level 3 fair value measurements and the movements in Level 3 fair values during the year ended 31 December 2020 are set out below:-

 
                                       Level 3 
                                       GBP'000 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Book cost at 31 December 2019           84,429 
Unrealised depreciation                (3,877) 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Valuation at 31 December 2019           80,552 
Purchases at cost                        2,328 
Sales - proceeds                      (14,601) 
Sales - realised gain on sales           6,487 
Decrease in unrealised appreciation   (12,480) 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Valuation at 31 December 2020           62,286 
------------------------------------  -------- 
Book cost at 31 December 2020           78,643 
Closing unrealised depreciation       (16,357) 
------------------------------------  -------- 
 

Valuation of investments

Unquoted investments are fair valued by the Directors in accordance with the following rules, which are consistent with the International Private Equity and Venture Capital Valuation Guidelines:

-- Investments are only valued at cost for a limited period after the date of acquisition, otherwise investments are valued on one of the other basis detailed below. Generally the earnings multiple basis of valuation will be used.

-- When valuing on an earnings basis, the maintainable earnings of a company are multiplied by an appropriate multiple.

-- When valuing on a revenue basis, the maintainable revenue of a company is multiplied by an appropriate multiple.

-- An investment may be valued by reference to the value of its net assets. This is appropriate for businesses whose value derives mainly from the underlying value of its assets rather than its earnings.

-- When investments have obtained an exit (either by listing or trade sale) after the valuation date but before finalisation of the relevant accounts (interim or final), the valuation is based on the exit valuation.

-- Accrued interest on loans to portfolio companies is included in valuations where there is an expectation that the interest will be received.

IFRS 13 requires disclosure, by class of financial instrument, if the effect of changing one or more inputs to reasonably possible alternative assumptions would result in a significant change to the fair value measurement. The information used in determination of the fair value of Level 3 investments is chosen with reference to the specific underlying circumstances and position of the investee company. On that basis the Board believe that the impact of changing one or more of the inputs to reasonably possible alternative assumptions would not change the fair value significantly.

The Directors consider the carrying value of financial instruments in the financial statements to represent their fair value.

   6.         Earnings per share 
 
                                        Six months  Six months 
                                                to          to       Year to 
                                           30 June     30 June   31 December 
                                              2021        2020          2020 
                                           GBP'000     GBP'000       GBP'000 
Revenue return per ordinary share (p)         2.07        2.54          1.70 
Capital return per ordinary share (p)        82.50     (62,19)       (30.37) 
Earnings per ordinary share (p)              84.57     (59.65)       (28.67) 
Weighted average number of shares       18,100,180  20,644,062    20,289,587 
 

The earnings per share figures are based on the weighted average numbers of shares set out above. Earnings per share is based on the revenue profit in the period as shown in the consolidated income statement.

   7.       Related party transactions 

There have been no material changes to the related party transactions described in the last annual report.

ENDS

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