Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Dekeloil Public Limited LSE:DKL London Ordinary Share CY0106502111 ORD EUR0.0003367 (DI)
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  +0.00p +0.00% 1.90p 1.70p 2.10p 1.95p 1.90p 1.95p 29,120 08:26:27
Industry Sector Turnover (m) Profit (m) EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap (m)
Food Producers 18.8 -2.9 -0.9 - 8

Dekeloil Public Limited 2018 Final Results and Notice of AGM

27/06/2019 7:01am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


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Dekeloil Public Limited

27 June 2019

The information contained within this announcement is deemed by the Company to constitute inside information as stipulated under the Market Abuse Regulations (EU) No. 596/2014 ("MAR"). Upon the publication of this announcement via a Regulatory Information Service ("RIS"), this inside information is now considered to be in the public domain.

DekelOil Public Limited / Index: AIM / Epic: DKL / Sector: Food Producers

27 June 2019

DekelOil Public Limited ('DekelOil' or the 'Company')

2018 Final Results and Notice of AGM

DekelOil Public Limited, the West African focused agri-industrial company, is pleased to announce its final audited results for the year ended 31 December 2018 ('Accounts'). The Company also gives notice that its Annual General Meeting ('AGM') will be held at Hill Dickinson LLP, The Broadgate Tower, 20 Primrose Street, London EC2A 2EW on 23 July 2019 at 11am. The Accounts together with the Notice of AGM will be available to download today from the Company's website.

The Company will host a shareholder conference call at 2pm UK time on 8 July 2019. The call will be hosted by Executive Director Lincoln Moore, Youval Rasin CEO and Deputy CEO Shai Kol who will discuss the final results together with the 2019 half year production results which the Company intends to announce in early July 2019. Further information on the conference call can be found at the end of this press release and a presentation will be uploaded to the DekelOil website prior to the call.

Delivering on strategy to transform DekelOil into a West African focused multi-commodity, multi-project agriculture company with diverse revenue streams and end markets

Production - palm oil project, Ayenouan Cote d'Ivoire

-- 33,077 tonnes of Crude Palm Oil ('CPO') produced in 2018 (FY 2017: 38,736 tonnes) - 14.6% year on year reduction due to poor region-wide peak harvesting season in H1 2018

o CPO production in H2 2018 returned to more normal seasonal levels which has continued into 2019's peak harvest

-- Market share of Fresh Fruit Bunches ('FFB') remained stable despite poor harvest which affected all local producers

-- Significant increase in Palm Kernel Oil ('PKO') and Palm Kernel Cake ('PKC') production follows focus on bringing in greater levels of external kernels to help mitigate lower CPO volumes

o 14.3% increase in PKO production to 2,918 tonnes in 2018 (2017: 2,554 tonnes)

o 8.0% increase in PKC production to 3,721 tonnes in 2018 (2017: 3,444 tonnes)

   --    Average CPO selling price of EUR542 in 2018, 7.5% premium to international prices of EUR504 

Development - cashew processing project at Tiebissou in Côte d'Ivoire

-- Acquisition of initial interest in large scale cashew project and option secured to increase this to a majority interest

o Provides exposure to global cashew market with expected favourable structural drivers

o Potential to transform DekelOil's revenues and profitability following commissioning of initial 10,000tpa processing mill in H1 2020

-- Issue of new ordinary shares in DekelOil in settlement of Tiebissou acquisition at 4.5p per share, a 46.3% premium to the previous closing share price, represents an endorsement of DekelOil's vision and strategy

Financial overview

-- Full year revenues fell to EUR20.9m (2017: EUR30.2m) due to lower year on year international palm oil prices and poor peak harvest season

-- Gross profit fell to EUR1.7m (2017: EUR6.9m) and the gross margin percentage decreased to 8.3% (2017: 22.9%) due to increased competition for fruit as a result of lower than normal peak harvest season and lower global palm oil prices

   --    12.5% decrease in general administration expenses to EUR3.2m (2017: EUR3.6m) 
   --    EBITDA loss of EUR0.2m (2017: EUR4.5m) and net loss after tax of EUR3.3m (2017: EUR1.6m) 

-- Net current liabilities increased by EUR2.1m to EUR5.6m (2017: EUR3.7m) principally due to advanced payments received from customers increasing by EUR1.9m

-- Net debt increased by EUR1.0m to EUR17.7m (2017: EUR16.7m) principally due to a reduction in net cash generated by operating activities in the year combined with EUR1.0m capital expenditure on property and equipment during the year

-- The Company is in advanced discussions with a potential provider of long-term financing which will be used to refinance a significant portion of DekelOil's existing debt into a longer tenure facility.

DekelOil Executive Director Lincoln Moore said, "As previously reported, 2018's unseasonably weak peak harvest and cyclically low global CPO prices conspired to end the run of record full year results we had maintained since our Admission to AIM in 2013. Although CPO prices are yet to recover, 2019's peak season saw yields materially increase and as a result, pressure on FFB costs has to a material degree subsided.

"Looking a further twelve months out, we expect 2020's full year financial results will show a material increase in revenues and profitability from our palm oil business, but will also include for the first time, a contribution from our cashew processing project which is currently being developed in Tiebissou. Thanks to the favourable economics of processing cashew nuts in Cote d'Ivoire, the size of the project and the scope to expand capacity to 30,000tpa, Tiebissou has the potential to become a larger profit generator than our palm oil project in Ayenouan. Combined, these two projects will provide us with a cash generative platform from which to deliver on our objective to build DekelOil into a leading multi-project, multi-commodity agriculture company in West Africa."

Conference Call

To participate in the conference call to be held at 2pm UK time on 8 July 2019, please dial 0808 109 0701, (if you are calling from outside of the UK, please dial +44 (0) 20 3003 2701) and enter participant pin 1144511# when prompted to do so. Please note that all lines will be muted with the exception of Company management, however the Company invites shareholders to submit questions to its public relations adviser, St Brides Partners Ltd, ahead of the call via email. Questions should be sent to shareholderenquiries@stbridespartners.co.uk.

If you have any problems accessing the call, please contact St Brides Partners Ltd on shareholderenquiries@stbridespartners.co.uk or call +44 (0) 20 7236 1177.

For further information please visit the Company's website at www.dekeloil.com or contact:

 
 DekelOil Public Limited 
  Youval Rasin 
  Shai Kol 
  Lincoln Moore                                                      +44 (0) 207 236 1177 
 Cantor Fitzgerald Europe (Nomad and 
  Joint Broker) 
  David Foreman 
  Richard Salmond                                                    +44 (0) 207 894 7000 
                   VSA Capital (Joint Broker) 
              Andrew Monk (Corporate Broking) 
              Andrew Raca (Corporate Finance)                        +44 (0) 203 005 5000 
 Optiva Securities Limited (Broker) 
  Christian Dennis 
  Jeremy King                                                        +44 (0) 203 137 1903 
 St Brides Partners Ltd (Investor Relations) 
  Frank Buhagiar 
  Cosima Akerman                                                     +44 (0) 207 236 1177 
 

CHAIRMAN'S STATEMENT

Our corporate vision is to build DekelOil into a multi-commodity, multi-project, agri-industrial company; one that not only maximises value for shareholders at an acceptable level of risk, but also places local farmers and smallholders at the heart of its operations. Central to the collaborative model we have adopted is developing a portfolio of producing projects located in areas where there is an identified shortfall in processing capacity. As well as increasing the number of outlets for local smallholder output, this promises to scale up and diversify our revenue streams, thereby mitigating the financial impact of weak harvests and commodity prices and providing us with a strong platform for future growth.

2018 provides an unwelcome example of the effects poor trading conditions can have on the financial results of an agriculture company reliant on a single project and a single commodity. The combination of global palm oil prices reaching long term cyclical lows and unusually low yields during Côte d'Ivoire's peak harvest season prevented a fourth consecutive set of record financial results for the Company. While yields have already recovered to more normal levels post period end, 2018 has highlighted the need to press ahead with our roll-out strategy to add a second producing project and a second commodity to our portfolio. Much progress has been made during the year under review. Specifically, DekelOil currently holds a 37.8% interest in a large-scale cashew processing project at Tiebissou (which completed shortly after 2018 year end), Cote d'Ivoire, along with an option to acquire an additional 17% of the project. With the 12 month construction phase at Tiebissou expected to commence imminently, next year's 2019 Annual Report is on course to be DekelOil's last as a single project, single commodity producer.

Until Tiebissou is operational, the vertically integrated palm oil project at Ayenouan remains DekelOil's sole producing operation. Since we built and commissioned our state-of-the-art mill in 2013/14, Ayenouan has produced over 175,000 tonnes of crude palm oil, over 12,000 tonnes of Palm Kernel Cake ('PKC') and nearly 10,000 tonnes of Palm Kernel Oil ('PKO'). During that time, average annual prices achieved for our Crude Palm Oil ("CPO") have been as high as 2017's EUR680 per tonne and as low as the EUR520 per tonne reported post period end for Q1 2019, a continuation of the trend we experienced in 2018. This, together with a poor high season harvest in 2018 resulted in full year revenues falling to EUR20.9 million (2017: EUR30.2 million); an EBITDA of -EUR0.2 million (2017: 4.5 million), and a net loss after tax of -EUR3.3 million (2017: EUR1.6 million).

The poor harvest in 2018 affected all producers in the region and it is encouraging that the Company's market share of fruit delivered to the mill as a proportion of total volumes harvested remained stable. Furthermore, local industry updates produced by mills across the country reported similar declines in CPO volumes compared to the equivalent period last year. Based on historical data, poor crop years in Côte d'Ivoire are the exception rather than the norm. As we noted in the half yearly report in September 2018, eight years had elapsed since the last weak peak harvest in the country, in 2010. This was followed by a rebound to more normal levels of fruit harvested the following year. We were therefore optimistic that, in line with historical precedence, 2018 will prove to be a one-off. This is proving to be the case and post period end in April 2019, we were pleased to report fresh fruit bunches ("FFB") delivered to the mill in Q1 2019 increased by 16.5% year on year to 69,340 tonnes, while CPO produced rose 10% to 14,921 tonnes.

During the five years in which our mill at Ayenouan has been producing CPO, a constant priority for the management team has been to squeeze as much value as possible from each fruit delivered. Over the years this focus has seen us expand storage capacity to secure sales at more favourable prices; acquire an Empty Fruit Press to extract additional CPO from empty fruit bunches; roll out logistics hubs to facilitate the collection of fruit from local smallholders; and enhance the capacity of the mill from 60 to 75 tons per hour. The year under review has been no different. In addition to achieving further reductions to our cost base, initiatives geared towards optimising operations at Ayenouan in response to the challenging conditions included the establishment of a fourth collection hub and the stepping up of efforts to secure external supplies of kernels for processing into PKO and PKC from mills which do not have the capacity to do this. A 14.3% year on year increase in PKO production to 2,918 tonnes and an 8% improvement in PKC volumes produced to 3,721 tonnes is testament to the success of this initiative.

Another of our medium to long term strategies is to implement a sustainable financing solution which will enable farmers to apply fertilizer irrespective of the low prices of FFB. Farmers can potentially double their yield with the application of fertilizer and best management practice. Our view is that an effective financing facility is not about grants or long-term loans but rather a gradual increase of a fertilization programme recovered on a monthly basis from FFB delivered to keep funds loaned to farmers to a manageable level and encourage farmers to deliver FFB to our Mill in order to gain continued access to the fertilizer programme. We believe the successful ramp up of this programme will further strengthen our relations with the farmers and gradually increase yields in our region.

The immediate recovery in fruit harvested to more typical levels and the expected continued increase in fruit harvested over time is positive but it is only half of the story. A recovery in CPO prices is also needed for Ayenouan to achieve, and go on to better, previous levels of profitability. Like all commodities, CPO prices are cyclical and history indicates that periods of low prices are typically followed by periods of higher prices. The average CPO price over the past 10 years is c.US$800, which is approximately 30% above prices achieved in 2018, and suggests there will be a period of more supportive pricing conditions ahead, albeit forecasting the timing of price improvements is very challenging.

While we cannot be certain that global CPO prices will show a material recovery in 12 months' time, we do expect that by this time next year operations would have commenced at an initial 10,000 tpa cashew processing plant at Tiebissou. At this point, DekelOil will be exposed to the attractive economics of processing cashews grown by local smallholders in Côte d'Ivoire where, despite being the world's top cashew producer, there is a large shortfall in processing capacity. The Tiebissou project will allow more of this added value to be kept in-country. As with Ayenouan, Tiebissou will adopt a collaborative model and relationships are already in place with local co-operatives to supply raw cashew nuts ("RCN") to the project.

We originally secured an option agreement to acquire a 58% interest in Capro CI SA ('Capro'), which is developing the RCN processing plant at Tiebissou in Côte d'Ivoire, in June 2018. Following progress made on the ground, DekelOil elected to convert a portion of its option early which, together with a recent EUR1 million equity injection by an external party, resulted in Dekeloil securing a 37.8% stake in Tiebissou with an option to acquire a further 17% interest. The early conversion was settled via the issue of new DekelOil shares at a 46.3% premium to the last available closing share price. Based on our view of the attractive economics associated with processing cashews and the scale of the planned operations, we believe our investment in Tiebissou will significantly scale up and diversify DekelOil's revenues.

DekelOil has a second 100% owned palm oil project in Côte d'Ivoire at Guitry. The plan is to develop Guitry into a 'seed to oil' operation similar to Ayenouan, including a computerised nursery with a capacity of 1 million plants per year (6,000ha of oil palm estates equivalent) and a state-of-the-art mill producing CPO from FFB grown by both the Company and local smallholders on brownfield land. Rights to develop oil palm estates over approximately 24,000ha of brownfield land have been secured. Guitry should be viewed as a long-term project and current work is being progressed conservatively while discussions with potential project partners regarding funding the development of Guitry at the project level are being progressed.

Financial

During the year under review, total revenues from the processing of FFB were EUR20.9m (2017: EUR30.2m) which generated EBITDA loss of EUR0.2m (2017: EUR4.5m) and a net loss after tax of EUR3.3m (2017: EUR1.6m).

Revenue and Gross Margin

The fall in the overall results for the 2018 financial year is almost entirely attributable to the EUR5.2m decrease in gross margin. As previously mentioned, an unusually low peak harvest season in Côte d'Ivoire resulted in lower production and spurred intense competition for supplies, which led to premiums of more than 20% having to be paid in certain cases. These factors coupled with CPO prices reaching long term cyclical lows lie behind the Company's financial performance for the year. These key factors are summarised as follows compared to 2017:

   -     CPO production decrease of 14.6% 
   -     CPO sales price decrease of 25.5% 
   -     Contribution margin decrease due to higher FFB costs of 12.1% 

- Planned increase in preventative maintenance following the initial four years of operations of EUR0.6m

Measures were taken to minimise the impact of the challenging trading conditions experienced during the year, including securing premium prices for CPO sales where possible and stepping up efforts to purchase external kernels.

In terms of the current assessment of the key drivers highlighted above, we are pleased to confirm our Q1 2019 update indicates CPO production has increased to more typical levels and as a result, pressure on FFB costs has to a material degree subsided. The level of improvement is of course tempered to a large degree by the continued weak international CPO price environment in which we operate.

General and Administration

We continue to monitor our overheads closely and we implemented several small cost saving initiatives which resulted in a 12% decrease in general administration expenses. A number of these initiatives were implemented during the second half of 2018 and we are hopeful that 2019 will see a further reduction in our general and administrative expenses as we see the full year benefit. In addition, 2018 included a one-time write off of EUR151,000 incurred in 2016 and 2017 in relation to the potential acquisition of Norpalm AS. We have ceased our interest in Norpalm AS. and are now focusing on opportunities in Côte d'Ivoire, including cashews.

Balance Sheet

The net loss resulted in net assets decreasing to EUR11.6m (2017: EUR14.7m) and net debt increased by EUR1.0m to EUR17.7m (2017: EUR16.7m). Net current liabilities also increased by EUR2.1m to EUR5.6m (2017: EUR3.7m) principally due to advanced payments from customers increasing by EUR1.9m. It is the Company's intention to refinance a large portion of the current and long term debt into a longer tenure facility during the course of 2019 in order to strengthen the balance sheet. The Company is in advanced stages of discussions with a long term debt provider and we look forward to updating shareholders as appropriate, in due course.

Outlook

Unseasonal harvests and price volatility go hand in hand with being an agriculture company. Both have moved against us and our peers in Côte d'Ivoire in 2018. Yields and prices can of course move in such a way that favours our operations and our interests. As and when an upturn in trading conditions occurs, we are well positioned to capitalise. In recent years, we have increased processing capacity and storage facilities at Ayenouan and have rolled out a comprehensive network of collection hubs to facilitate delivery of smallholder fruit to the mill. We are therefore confident that when conditions allow, Ayenouan will become considerably more profitable again. As reported post period end and in line with expectations, fruit yields across the region returned to more normal levels in Q1 2019, while early indications are that global palm oil prices appear to have at the very least reached their cyclical lows.

We are not however, passively waiting for conditions to improve. Thanks to the acquisition of an initial interest in the Tiebissou cashew processing project, and once the 12 month construction phase has been completed, DekelOil will be transformed into a multi-commodity producer. As well as diversifying our revenues, Tiebissou has the potential to become a much larger revenue generator than Ayenouan. Together these two projects will provide a highly cash generative platform with which to grow the business further, and in the process enable us to build DekelOil into a leading West African focused agriculture company.

Finally, I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Board, management and operations teams as well as our advisers for their hard work and continued support. I look forward to continuing working with them closely, as we focus on building value for the benefit of all our stakeholders including shareholders and the local communities in which we operate.

Andrew Tillery

   Non-Executive Chairman                                    Date: 26 June 2019 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

 
                                                31 December 
                                            -------------------- 
                                              2018       2017 
                                            ---------  --------- 
                                      Note   Euros in thousands 
                                      ----  -------------------- 
 
ASSETS 
 
 CURRENT ASSETS: 
    Cash and cash equivalents                     262        775 
    Inventory                                   1,543      1,369 
    Accounts and other receivables       5        420        317 
                                            ---------  --------- 
 
 Total current assets                           2,225      2,461 
                                            ---------  --------- 
 
 
 NON-CURRENT ASSETS: 
    Property and equipment, net          6     31,172     31,449 
                                            ---------  --------- 
 
 Total non-current assets                      31,172     31,449 
                                            ---------  --------- 
 
 Total assets                                  33,397     33,910 
                                            =========  ========= 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

 
                                                             31 December 
                                                         -------------------- 
                                                            2018       2017 
                                                         ----------  -------- 
                                                   Note   Euros in thousands 
                                                   ----  -------------------- 
 
  EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 
 
 CURRENT LIABILITIES: 
    Short-term loans and current maturities 
     of long-term loans                               9       4,251     4,450 
    Trade payables                                              665       193 
    Advance payments from customers                           2,471       573 
    Other accounts payable and accrued expenses       7         596       929 
                                                         ----------  -------- 
 
 Total current liabilities                                    7,983     6,145 
                                                         ----------  -------- 
 
 
 NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES: 
    Long-term financial lease                         8          94        46 
    Accrued severance pay, net                                   32        36 
    Long-term loans                                   9      13,712    13,017 
 
 Total non-current liabilities                               13,838    13,099 
                                                         ----------  -------- 
 
 Total liabilities                                           21,821    19,244 
                                                         ----------  -------- 
 
 EQUITY                                              10 
    Share capital                                                99        99 
    Additional paid-in capital                               29,862    29,669 
    Accumulated deficit                                    (13,163)   (9,880) 
    Capital reserve                                           2,532     2,532 
    Capital reserve from transactions with 
     non-controlling interests                              (7,754)   (7,754) 
                                                         ----------  -------- 
 
 Total equity                                                11,576    14,666 
 
 Total liabilities and equity                                33,397    33,910 
                                                         ==========  ======== 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 
   26 June, 2019 
--------------------    ------------------    ------------------    ------------------ 
  Date of approval         Youval Rasin       Yehoshua Shai Kol     Lincoln John Moore 
       of the 
financial statements    Director and Chief    Director and Chief    Executive Director 
                         Executive Officer      Finance Officer 
 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 
                                                           Year ended 
                                                           31 December 
                                                    ------------------------ 
                                                       2018         2017 
                                                    -----------  ----------- 
                                                       Euros in thousands 
                                                      (except share and per 
                                              Note       share amounts) 
                                                    ------------------------ 
 
 
 Revenues                                       11       20,885       30,227 
 Cost of revenues                              14a       19,152       23,314 
                                                    -----------  ----------- 
 
 Gross profit                                             1,733        6,913 
 
 General and administrative                    14b        3,235        3,591 
                                                    -----------  ----------- 
 
Operating profit (loss)                                 (1,502)        3,322 
 
 Finance cost                                  14c        1,738        1,663 
 
 Income (loss) before taxes on income                   (3,240)        1,659 
 Taxes on income                                13           43          104 
                                                    -----------  ----------- 
 
 Net income (loss) and total comprehensive 
  income (loss)                                         (3,283)        1,555 
                                                    ===========  =========== 
 
 
 Net income (loss) per share 
 
 Basic and diluted income (loss) per 
  share                                                  (0.01)         0.01 
                                                    ===========  =========== 
 
 Weighted average number of shares used 
  in computing basic and diluted income 
  (loss) per share                                  299,119,461  296,153,368 
                                                    ===========  =========== 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

 
                                     Attributable to equity holders of the Company 
                   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
                                                                            Capital reserve 
                                                                                 from 
                                                                             transactions 
                                  Additional                                     with 
                                    paid-in   Accumulated                   non-controlling 
                   Share capital    capital     deficit    Capital reserve     interests      Total 
                   -------------  ----------  -----------  ---------------  ---------------  ------- 
                                     Euros in thousands 
                   ------------------------------------------------------- 
 
Balance as of 1 
 January 2017           95          27,145     (10,891)         2,532           (7,754)      11,127 
 
Net income and 
 total 
 comprehensive 
 income                  -            -          1,555            -                -          1,555 
 
Conversion of 
 liability to 
 equity 
 (Note 9)                4          1,976          -              -                -          1,980 
 
Issuance of 
 shares (Note 10)       *)            36           -              -                -           36 
 
Exercise of 
 warrants               *)           121           -              -                -           121 
 
Dividend 
 distribution           *)           150         (544)            -                -          (394) 
 
Share-based 
 compensation            -           241           -              -                -           241 
                   -------------  ----------  -----------  ---------------  ---------------  ------- 
 
Balance as of 31 
 December 2017          99          29,669      (9,880)         2,532           (7,754)      14,666 
 
Net loss and 
 total 
 comprehensive 
 loss                    -            -         (3,283)           -                -         (3,283) 
 
Issuance of 
 shares (Note 10)       *)            33           -              -                -           33 
 
Exercise of             *)            -            -              -                -           *) 
options (Note 
10) 
 
Share-based 
 compensation            -           160           -              -                -           160 
                   -------------  ----------  -----------  ---------------  ---------------  ------- 
 
Balance as of 31 
 December 2018          99          29,862     (13,163)         2,532           (7,754)      11,576 
                   =============  ==========  ===========  ===============  ===============  ======= 
 
 
   *)         Represents an amount lower than EUR1. 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 
                                                                                                   Year ended 
                                                                                                   31 December 
                                                                                              -------------------- 
                                                                                                2018       2017 
                                                                                              ---------  --------- 
                                                                                               Euros in thousands 
                                                                                              -------------------- 
 
 Cash flows from operating activities: 
 
 Net income (loss)                                                                              (3,283)      1,555 
                                                                                              ---------  --------- 
 
  Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities: 
 
  Adjustments to the profit or loss items: 
 
   Depreciation                                                                                   1,318      1,136 
   Share-based compensation                                                                         160        241 
   Accrued interest on long-term loans and non-current liabilities                                1,265      1,301 
   Change in employee benefit liabilities, net                                                      (5)       (25) 
 
 
 Changes in asset and liability items: 
   Increase in inventories                                                                        (174)      (240) 
    Decrease (increase) in accounts and other receivables                                         (103)        295 
    Increase (decrease) in trade payables                                                           506      (309) 
    Increase (decrease) in advance from customers                                                 1,898      (692) 
    Increase (decrease) in accrued expenses and other accounts payable                            (333)        405 
 
                                                                                                  4,532      2,112 
                                                                                              ---------  --------- 
 
 Cash paid during the year for: 
    Taxes                                                                                             -       (29) 
    Interest                                                                                    (1,286)    (1,330) 
                                                                                              ---------  --------- 
 
                                                                                                (1,286)    (1,359) 
                                                                                              ---------  --------- 
 
 Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities                                               (37)      2,308 
                                                                                              ---------  --------- 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 
                                                             Year ended 
                                                             31 December 
                                                        -------------------- 
                                                          2018       2017 
                                                        ---------  --------- 
                                                         Euros in thousands 
                                                        -------------------- 
 Cash flows from investing activities: 
 
 
 Purchase of property and equipment                       (1,041)    (2,250) 
 
 Net cash used in investing activities                    (1,041)    (2,250) 
                                                        ---------  --------- 
 
 Cash flows from financing activities: 
 
 Exercise of warrants                                           -        121 
 Dividend distribution in cash                                  -      (394) 
 Long-term lease, net                                          48       (16) 
 Receipt of short-term loans                                  662      1,524 
 Receipt of long-term loans                                 4,976        254 
 Repayment of long-term loans                             (5,121)    (2,750) 
                                                        ---------  --------- 
 
 Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities          565    (1,261) 
                                                        ---------  --------- 
 
 Decrease in cash and cash equivalents                      (513)    (1,203) 
 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year               775      1,978 
                                                        ---------  --------- 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents at end of year                     262        775 
                                                        =========  ========= 
 
 Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activities: 
 
 Conversion of capital note to equity                           -      1,980 
 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial information.

   NOTE 1:-     GENERAL 

a. DekelOil Public Limited ("the Company") is a public limited company incorporated in Cyprus on 24 October 2007. The Company's Ordinary shares are admitted for trading on the AIM, a market operated by the London Stock Exchange. The Company is engaged through its subsidiaries in developing and cultivating palm oil plantations in Cote d'Ivoire for the purpose of producing and marketing Crude Palm Oil ("CPO"). The Company's registered office is in Limassol, Cyprus.

b. CS DekelOil Siva Ltd. ("DekelOil Siva") a company incorporated in Cyprus, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. DekelOil CI SA, a subsidiary in Cote d'Ivoire currently held 99.85% by DekelOil Siva, is engaged in developing and cultivating palm oil plantations for the purpose of producing and marketing CPO. DekelOil CI SA constructed and is currently operating its first palm oil mill.

c. DekelOil Consulting Ltd. a company located in Israel and a wholly-owned subsidiary of DekelOil Siva, is engaged in providing services to the Company and its subsidiaries.

d. As of 31 December 2018, the Company has a deficiency in working capital of approximately EUR5.8 million. Since commencement of production and sale of palm oil in 2014, the Company has generated positive cash flows from its operations until 2017. In 2018 due to unusually low fruit yields across Cote d'Ivoire and a decrease in the market price of palm oil, the Company's cash flows generated from operations were nil. As fruit yields so far in 2019 have recovered to more normal levels and efficiency measures implemented to date have reduced costs of production, Company management expects the cash flows to revert back to the positive levels achieved in prior years and growing further as the Company increases its production capacity. However, there is no certainty that the Company will be able to meet management's projections as to production levels and positive cash flows from such production. Furthermore, the operations of the Company are subject to various market conditions that are not under the Company's control that could have an adverse effect on the Company's cash flows. The significant decrease in EBITDA resulted in a covenant breach as at 31 December 2018 of the loan from NSIA amounting to EUR6.6m. That breach was waived by NSIA in December 2018.

Based on the Company's current resources (including a long-term financing facility - see Note 9c.4) and its projected cash flows from its operations, Company management believes that it will have sufficient funds necessary to finance its operations and meet its obligations as they come due at least for the next twelve months from the date of the financial statements.

   e.         Definitions: 
 
The Group             -          DEKELOIL PUBLIC LIMITED and its subsidiaries. 
 
The Company           -          DEKELOIL PUBLIC LIMITED. 
 
Subsidiaries          -          Companies that are controlled by the Company- 
                                  CS DekelOil Siva Ltd, DekelOil CI SA, DekelOil 
                                  Consulting Ltd. 
 
   NOTE 2:-            SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES 

The following accounting policies have been applied consistently in the financial statements for all periods presented.

   a.         Basis of presentation of the financial statements: 

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union ("IFRS").

The financial statements have been prepared on a cost basis.

The Company has elected to present profit or loss items using the nature of expense method.

   b.         Consolidated financial statements: 

The consolidated financial statements comprise the financial statements of companies that are controlled by the Company (subsidiaries). Control is achieved when the Company is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee. Potential voting rights are considered when assessing whether an entity has control. The consolidation of the financial statements commences on the date on which control is obtained and ends when such control ceases.

The financial statements of the Company and of the subsidiaries are prepared as of the same dates and periods. The consolidated financial statements are prepared using uniform accounting policies by all companies in the Group. Significant intragroup balances and transactions and gains or losses resulting from intragroup transactions are eliminated in full in the consolidated financial statements.

Non-controlling interests in subsidiaries represent the equity in subsidiaries not attributable, directly or indirectly, to a parent. Non-controlling interests are presented in equity separately from the equity attributable to the equity holders of the Company. Profit or loss and components of other comprehensive income are attributed to the Company and to non-controlling interests. Losses are attributed to non-controlling interests even if they result in a negative balance of non-controlling interests in the consolidated statement of financial position.

A change in the ownership interest of a subsidiary, without a change of control, is accounted for as a change in equity.

   c.         Functional currency, presentation currency and foreign currency: 
   1.         Functional currency and presentation currency: 

The local currency used in Cote d'Ivoire is the West African CFA Franc ("FCFA"), which has a fixed exchange rate with the Euro (Euro 1 = FCFA 655.957). A substantial portion of the Group's revenues and expenses is incurred in or linked to the Euro. The Group obtains debt financing mostly in FCFA linked to Euros and the funds of the Group are held in FCFA. Therefore, the Company's management has determined that the Euro is the currency of the primary economic environment of the Company and its subsidiaries, and thus its functional currency. The presentation currency is Euro.

   2.         Transactions, assets and liabilities in foreign currency: 

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded upon initial recognition at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. After initial recognition, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at each reporting date into the functional currency at the exchange rate at that date. Exchange rate differences, other than those capitalized to qualifying assets or accounted for as hedging transactions in equity, are recognized in profit or loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at cost are translated at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at fair value are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rate prevailing at the date when the fair value was determined.

   d.         Cash equivalents: 

Cash equivalents are considered as highly liquid investments, including unrestricted short-term bank deposits with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition.

   e.         Financial instruments: 

In July 2014, the IASB issued the final and complete version of IFRS 9, "Financial Instruments" ("the new Standard"), which replaces IAS 39, "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement". The new Standard mainly focuses on the classification and measurement of financial assets and it applies to all assets within the scope of IAS 39.

The new Standard has been applied for the first time in these financial statements retrospectively without restatement of comparative data.

The effect of the initial adoption of the new Standard on the Company's financial statements was immaterial.

The accounting policy for financial instruments applied until 31 December 2017, is as follows:

   1.         Loans and receivables: 

Loans and receivables are investments with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. Loans and receivables are initially recognized at fair value plus directly attributable transaction costs.

After initial recognition, loans are measured based on their terms at amortized cost using the effective interest method and less any impairment losses. Short-term receivables are measured based on their terms, normally at face value.

   2.         Financial liabilities: 

Financial liabilities are initially recognized at fair value. Loans and other liabilities measured at amortized cost are presented net of directly attributable transaction costs. After initial recognition, loans and other liabilities are measured based on their terms at cost less directly attributable transaction costs using the effective interest method.

   3.         Derecognition of financial instruments: 
   a)        Financial assets: 

A financial asset is derecognized when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire.

   b)        Financial liabilities: 

A financial liability is derecognized when it is extinguished, that is when the obligation is discharged or cancelled or expires.

   4.         Extinguishing financial liabilities with equity instruments: 

Equity instruments issued to extinguish a financial liability to shareholders are measured at the carrying amount of the financial liability extinguished.

The accounting policy for financial instruments applied commencing from 1 January 2018, is as follows:

   1.    Financial assets: 

Financial assets are measured upon initial recognition at fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial assets, except for financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss in respect of which transaction costs are recorded in profit or loss.

The Company classifies and measures debt instruments in the financial statements based on the following criteria:

   -           The Company's business model for managing financial assets; and 
   -           The contractual cash flow terms of the financial asset. 
   a)        Debt instruments are measured at amortized cost when: 

The Company's business model is to hold the financial assets in order to collect their contractual cash flows, and the contractual terms of the financial assets give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. After initial recognition, the instruments in this category are measured according to their terms at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method, less any provision for impairment.

   b)        Equity instruments and other financial assets held for trading: 

Investments in equity instruments do not meet the above criteria and accordingly are measured at fair value through profit or loss.

Other financial assets held for trading such as derivatives, including embedded derivatives separated from the host contract, are measured at fair value through profit or loss unless they are designated as effective hedging instruments.

Dividends from investments in equity instruments are recognized in profit or loss when the right to receive the dividends is established.

   2.         Impairment of financial assets: 

The Company evaluates at the end of each reporting period the loss allowance for financial debt instruments which are not measured at fair value through profit or loss.

The Company has short-term financial assets such as trade receivables in respect of which the Company applies a simplified approach and measures the loss allowance in an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses. An impairment loss on debt instruments measured at amortized cost is recognized in profit or loss with a corresponding loss allowance that is offset from the carrying amount of the financial asset.

   3.         Financial liabilities: 
   a)        Financial liabilities measured at amortized cost: 

Financial liabilities are initially recognized at fair value less transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issue of the financial liability.

After initial recognition, the Company measures all financial liabilities at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method.

   4.         Derecognition of financial instruments: 
   a)        Financial assets: 

A financial asset is derecognized when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire.

   b)        Financial liabilities: 

A financial liability is derecognized when it is extinguished, that is when the obligation is discharged or cancelled or expires.

   f.          Borrowing costs: 

The Group capitalizes borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction, or production of qualifying assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale.

The capitalization of borrowing costs commences when expenditures for the asset are incurred, the activities to prepare the asset are in progress and borrowing costs are incurred and ceases when substantially all the activities to prepare the qualifying asset for its intended use or sale are complete. The amount of borrowing costs capitalized in a reporting period includes specific borrowing costs and general borrowing costs based on a weighted capitalization rate.

   g.         Leases: 

The criteria for classifying leases as finance or operating leases depend on the substance of the agreements and are made at the inception of the lease in accordance with the following principles as set out in IAS 17.

The Group as lessee:

   1.         Finance leases: 

Finance leases transfer to the Group substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased asset. At the commencement of the lease term, the leased assets are measured at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset or the present value of the minimum lease payments. The liability for lease payments is presented at its present value and the lease payments are apportioned between finance cost and a reduction of the lease liability using the effective interest method.

The leased asset is amortized over the shorter of its useful life or the lease term.

   2.         Operating leases: 

Lease agreements are classified as an operating lease if they do not transfer substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased asset. Lease payments are recognized as an expense in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

   h.                      Biological assets: 

Biological assets of the Company are fresh fruit bunches (FFB) that grow on palm oil trees. The period of biological transformation of FFB from blossom to harvest and then conversion to inventory and sale is relatively short (about 2 months). Accordingly, any changes in fair value at each reporting date are generally immaterial.

   i.          Property and equipment: 

Property and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Palm oil trees before maturity are measured at accumulated cost, and depreciation commences upon reaching maturity. Depreciation is calculated by the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets at the following annual rates:

 
                                        % 
                                     ------- 
 
Extraction mill                        2.5 
Palm oil plantations                  3.33 
Computers and peripheral equipment     33 
Equipment and furniture              15 - 20 
Motor vehicles                         25 
Agriculture equipment                  15 
 

The useful life, depreciation method and residual value of an asset are reviewed at least each year-end and any changes are accounted for prospectively as a change in accounting estimate. Depreciation of an asset ceases at the earlier of the date that the asset is classified as held for sale and the date that the asset is derecognized.

   j.          Impairment of non-financial assets: 

The Company evaluates the need to record an impairment of non-financial assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount is not recoverable.

If the carrying amount of non-financial assets exceeds their recoverable amount, the assets are reduced to their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs of sale and value in use. In measuring value in use, the expected future cash flows are discounted using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects the risks specific to the asset. The recoverable amount of an asset that does not generate independent cash flows is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. Impairment losses are recognized in profit or loss.

An impairment loss of an asset, other than goodwill, is reversed only if there have been changes in the estimates used to determine the asset's recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. Reversal of an impairment loss, as above, shall not be increased above the lower of the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation or amortization) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years and its recoverable amount. The reversal of impairment loss of an asset presented at cost is recognized in profit or loss.

   k.         Revenue recognition: 

The IASB issued IFRS 15, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" ("the new Standard") in May 2014. The new Standard replaces IAS 18, "Revenue", and certain other standards.

The new Standard has been applied for the first time in these consolidated financial statements. The Company elected to adopt the provisions of the new Standard using the modified retrospective approach and without restatement of comparative data.

The adoption of IFRS 15 as of 1 January 2018 did not have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

The accounting policy for revenue recognition applied until 31 December 2017, is as follows:

Revenues are recognized in profit or loss when the revenues can be measured reliably, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company and the costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably. Revenues are measured at the fair value of the consideration received less any trade discounts, volume rebates and returns.

Following are the specific revenue recognition criteria which must be met before revenue is recognized:

Revenues from the sale of goods:

Revenues from the sale of goods are recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer and the seller no longer retains continuing managerial involvement. The delivery date is usually the date on which ownership passes.

The accounting policy for revenue recognition applied commencing from 1 January 2018, is as follows:

Revenue from contracts with customers is recognized when the control over the services is transferred to the customer. The transaction price is the amount of the consideration that is expected to be received based on the contract terms.

Revenue from the sale of goods:

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized in profit or loss at the point in time when the control of the goods is transferred to the customer, generally upon delivery of the goods to the customer.

Contract balances:

Amounts received from customers in advance of performance by the Company are recorded as contract liabilities/advance payments from customers and recognized as revenue in profit or loss when the work is performed. For all years presented in these financial statements, such advances were recognized as revenues in the year subsequent to their receipt.

   l.          Inventories: 

Inventories are measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost of inventories comprises costs of purchase and costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale. The Company periodically evaluates the condition and age of inventories and makes provisions for slow moving inventories accordingly.

Cost of finished goods inventories is determined on the basis of average costs including materials, labour and other direct and indirect manufacturing costs based on normal capacity.

   m.       Earnings (loss) per share: 

Earnings (loss) per share are calculated by dividing the net income attributable to equity holders of the Company by the weighted number of Ordinary shares outstanding during the period.

Basic earnings (loss) per share only include shares that were actually outstanding during the period. Potential Ordinary shares are only included in the computation of diluted earnings (loss) per share when their conversion

decreases earnings per share or           increases loss per share from continuing operations. 

Further, potential Ordinary shares that are converted during the period are included in diluted earnings (loss) per share only until the conversion date and from that date in basic earnings (loss) per share. The Company's share of earnings of investees is included based on the earnings (loss) per share of the investees multiplied by the number of shares held by the Company.

Basic and diluted earnings per share are adjusted retrospectively due to changes in shares outstanding resulting from bonus issues, share splits and share consolidations, including those that occur after the reporting period and through the date the financial statements are approved for issuance.

   n.         Provisions: 

A provision in accordance with IAS 37 is recognized when the Group has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. When the Group expects part or all of the expense to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense is recognized in profit or loss net of any reimbursement.

   o.         Fair value measurement: 

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

Fair value measurement is based on the assumption that the transaction will take place in the asset's or the liability's principal market, or in the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market.

The fair value of an asset or a liability is measured using the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, assuming that market participants act in their economic best interest.

Fair value measurement of a non-financial asset takes into account a market participant's ability to generate economic benefits by using the asset in its highest and best use or by selling it to another market participant that would use the asset in its highest and best use.

The Group uses valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data are available to measure fair value, maximizing the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs.

All assets and liabilities measured at fair value or for which fair value is disclosed are categorized into levels within the fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level input that is significant to the entire fair value measurement:

 
Level 1          -          quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets 
                             for identical assets or liabilities. 
 
Level 2          -          inputs other than quoted prices included within 
                             Level 1 that are observable either directly 
                             or indirectly. 
 
Level 3          -          inputs that are not based on observable market 
                             data (valuation techniques which use inputs 
                             that are not based on observable market data). 
 
   p.         Share-based payment transactions: 

The Company applies the provisions of IFRS 2, "Share-Based Payment". IFRS 2 requires an expense to be recognized where the Company buys goods or services in exchange for shares or rights over shares ("equity-settled transactions"), or in exchange for other assets equivalent in value to a given number of shares of rights over shares ("cash-settled transactions"). The main impact of IFRS 2 on the Company is the expensing of employees' and directors' share options (equity-settled transactions).

The cost of equity-settled transactions with employees is measured by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments at the date on which they are granted. The fair value is determined using an acceptable option model.

The cost of equity-settled transactions is recognized, together with a corresponding increase in equity, over the period in which the performance and/or service conditions are fulfilled, ending on the date on which the relevant employees become fully entitled to the award ("the vesting date"). The cumulative expense recognized for equity-settled transactions at each reporting date until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the Company's best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest.

   q.         Taxes on income: 

Current or deferred taxes are recognized in profit or loss, except to the extent that they relate to items which are recognized in other comprehensive income or equity.

   1.         Current taxes: 

The current tax liability is measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of reporting period as well as adjustments required in connection with the tax liability in respect of previous years.

   2.         Deferred taxes: 

Deferred taxes are computed in respect of temporary differences between the carrying amounts in the financial statements and the amounts attributed for tax purposes.

Deferred taxes are measured at the tax rate that is expected to apply when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is not probable that they will be utilized. Temporary differences for which deferred tax assets had not been recognized are reviewed at each reporting date and a respective deferred tax asset is recognized to the extent that their utilization is probable.

Taxes that would apply in the event of the disposal of investments in investees have not been taken into account in computing deferred taxes, as long as the disposal of the investments in investees is not probable in the foreseeable future.

Also, deferred taxes that would apply in the event of distribution of earnings by investees as dividends have not been taken into account in computing deferred taxes, since the distribution of dividends does not involve an additional tax liability or since it is the Company's policy not to initiate distribution of dividends from a subsidiary that would trigger an additional tax liability.

NOTE 3:- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND ASSUMPTIONS USED IN THE PREPARATION OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The preparation of the financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that have an effect on the application of the accounting policies and on the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Changes in accounting estimates are reported in the period of the change in estimate.

The key assumptions made in the financial statements concerning uncertainties at the reporting date and the critical estimates computed by the Group that may result in a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are discussed below.

   -           Deferred tax assets: 

Deferred tax assets are recognized for unused carryforward tax losses and deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the losses can be utilized. Significant management judgment is required to determine the amount of deferred tax assets that can be recognized, based upon the timing and level of future taxable profits, its source and the tax planning strategy.

   NOTE 4:-     DISCLOSURE OF NEW STANDARDS IN THE PERIOD PRIOR TO THEIR ADOPTION 
   a.         IFRS 16, "Leases": 

In January 2016, the IASB issued IFRS 16, "Leases" ("the new Standard"). According to the new Standard, a lease is a contract, or part of a contract, that conveys the right to use an asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

According to the new Standard:

-- Lessees are required to recognize an asset and a corresponding liability in the statement of financial position in respect of all leases (except in certain cases) similar to the accounting treatment of finance leases according to the existing IAS 17, "Leases".

-- Lessees are required to initially recognize a lease liability for the obligation to make lease payments and a corresponding right-of-use asset. Lessees will also recognize interest and depreciation expenses separately.

-- The new Standard includes two exceptions according to which lessees are permitted to elect to apply a method similar to the current accounting treatment for operating leases. These exceptions are leases for which the underlying asset is of low value and leases with a term of up to one year.

-- The accounting treatment by lessors remains substantially unchanged, namely classification of a lease as a finance lease or an operating lease.

The new Standard is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019. Earlier application is permitted provided that IFRS 15 is applied concurrently.

The Company believes that adoption of the new Standard is not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

IFRIC 23, "Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments":

In June 2017, the IASB issued IFRIC 23, "Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments" ("the Interpretation"). The Interpretation clarifies the rules of recognition and measurement of assets or liabilities in accordance with the provisions of IAS 12, "Income Taxes", in situations of uncertainty involving income taxes. The Interpretation provides guidance on considering whether some tax treatments should be considered collectively, examination by the tax authorities, measurement to reflect uncertainty involving income taxes in the financial statements and accounting for changes in facts and circumstances underlying the uncertainty.

The Interpretation is to be applied in financial statements for annual periods beginning on January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. Upon initial adoption, the Company will apply the Interpretation using one of two approaches:

(i) Full retrospective adoption, without restating comparative data, by recording the cumulative effect through the date of initial adoption in the opening balance of retained earnings.

   (ii)      Full retrospective adoption including restatement of comparative data. 

The Company believes that the adoption of the Interpretation is not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

   NOTE 5:-     ACCOUNTS AND OTHER RECEIVABLES 
 
                                               31 December 
                                          --------------------- 
                                            2018        2017 
                                          ---------   --------- 
                                           Euros in thousands 
                                          --------------------- 
 
Government authorities (VAT)                      3           3 
Prepaid expenses and other receivables          339         293 
Loans to employees                               78          21 
                                          ---------   --------- 
 
                                                420         317 
                                          =========   ========= 
 
 
   NOTE 6:-     PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET 

Composition and movement:

 
                    Computers     Equipment                           Extraction       Palm 
                  and peripheral      and       Motor    Agriculture     mill          oil 
                    equipment      furniture   vehicles   equipment    and land    plantations    Total 
                  --------------  ----------  ---------  -----------  ----------  --------------  ------ 
                                                    Euros in thousands 
                  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 
Cost: 
 
Balance as of 1 
 January, 
 2017                        294          89      1,134          460      23,689           7,087  32,753 
                  --------------  ----------  ---------  -----------  ----------  --------------  ------ 
 
Acquisitions 
 during 
 the year                     35          11        268            -       1,570             366   2,250 
Disposals during 
 the year                      -           -      (143)            -           -               -   (143) 
Capitalized 
 borrowing 
 costs                         -           -          -            -          48               -      48 
                  --------------  ----------  ---------  -----------  ----------  --------------  ------ 
 
Balance as of 31 
 December, 2017              329         100      1,259          460      25,307           7,453  34,908 
                  --------------  ----------  ---------  -----------  ----------  --------------  ------ 
 
Acquisitions 
 during 
 the year                      9           9        270            -         696              90   1,073 
Disposals during 
 the year                      -           -      (132)            -           -               -   (132) 
Capitalized 
borrowing 
costs 
                  --------------  ----------  ---------  -----------  ----------  --------------  ------ 
 
Balance as of 31 
 December, 2018              338         109      1,397          460      26,003           7,543  35,850 
                  ==============  ==========  =========  ===========  ==========  ==============  ====== 
 
Accumulated 
depreciation: 
 
Balance as of 1 
 January 
 2017                        118          49        403          352       1,235             271   2,428 
 
Depreciation 
 during 
 the year                     30          16        184           14         724             168   1,136 
Disposals during 
 the year                      -           -      (105)            -           -               -   (105) 
                  --------------  ----------  ---------  -----------  ----------  --------------  ------ 
 
Balance as of 31 
 December 2017               148          65        482          366       1,959             439   3,459 
                  --------------  ----------  ---------  -----------  ----------  --------------  ------ 
 
Depreciation 
 during 
 the year                     33          16        198           14         886             170   1,318 
Disposals during 
 the year                      -           -       (98)            -           -               -    (98) 
                  --------------  ----------  ---------  -----------  ----------  --------------  ------ 
 
Balance as of 31 
 December 2018               181          81        582          380       2,845             609   4,679 
                  ==============  ==========  =========  ===========  ==========  ==============  ====== 
 
Depreciated cost 
 as of 31 
 December 
 2018                        157          28        815           80      23,158           6,934  31,172 
                  ==============  ==========  =========  ===========  ==========  ==============  ====== 
 
Depreciated cost 
 as of 31 
 December 
 2017                        180          35        778           94      23,348           7,014  31,449 
                  ==============  ==========  =========  ===========  ==========  ==============  ====== 
 
   NOTE 7:-     OTHER ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED EXPENSES 
 
                                      31 December 
                                  -------------------- 
                                    2018       2017 
                                  ---------  --------- 
                                   Euros in thousands 
                                  -------------------- 
 
Employees and payroll accruals          198        169 
VAT payable                             228        617 
Other accounts payable                  170        143 
                                  ---------  --------- 
 
                                        596        929 
                                  =========  ========= 
 
   NOTE 8:-     LONG-TERM FINANCIAL LEASES 

On 24 June 2008, DekelOil CI SA signed a lease agreement for 42 hectares near the village of Ayenouan, Cote d'Ivoire. The agreement is with the village of Adao and the people occupying the land in Ayenouan. The lease is for 90 years and the payment for the lease is FCFA 3,000,000 (app. EUR 4,573) per annum.

In July 2015 a subsidiary of the Company signed a lease agreement for a vehicle. The lease is for 4 years and the payment is EUR1,062 per month.

In January 2018 a subsidiary of the Company signed a lease agreement for a vehicle. The lease is for 5 years and the payment is EUR1,080 per month.

   NOTE 9:-     LOANS 
   a.         Long-term loans: 
 
                                     Interest 
                                    rate as of 
                                    31 December       31 December 
                                                  -------------------- 
                      Currency         2018         2018       2017 
                      ---------   --------------  ---------  --------- 
                                                   Euros in thousands 
                                                  -------------------- 
 
SGBCI (c.1)               In FCFA              7%        110        254 
BGFI (c. 5)               In FCFA             10%          -        497 
NSIA (c.2 and c.3)        In FCFA       7.1%,8.4%      6,558      7,995 
SOGEBOURSE (c.4)          In FCFA            6.9%     10,023      7,188 
SIB (c.5)                 In FCFA            8.2%        602          - 
 
Total loans                                          17,293     15,934 
 
Less - current 
 maturities                                         (3,581)    (2,917) 
                                                  ---------  --------- 
 
                                                     13,712     13,017 
                                                  =========  ========= 
 
   b.         Short-term loans and current maturities: 
 
                              Interest 
                                rate        31 December 
                                        -------------------- 
                                          2018       2017 
                                        ---------  --------- 
                                         Euros in thousands 
                                        -------------------- 
 
Short-term loan from bank        7.25%        670      1,533 
Current maturities - per a. 
 above                                      3,581      2,917 
 
                                            4,251      4,450 
                                        =========  ========= 
 

c. 1. On 7 May 2013, DekelOil CI SA signed a line of credit agreement with the Societe Generale de Banque Cote d'Ivoire ("SGBCI) for financing the purchase of vehicles,). The loan is for a term of three years from the date of each loan withdrawal. The effective interest rate of the loan is between 6.2 - 7.3% per annum. During 2017 DekelOil CI SA repaid approximately EUR178 thousand and drew down approximately EUR 223 thousand.

2. In June 2015 DekelOil CI SA signed a loan agreement with NSIA Banque ("NSIA") according to which NSIA agreed to grant DekelOil CI SA a loan of FCFA 700 million (approximately EUR 1,067 thousand). The loan is for 4 years and bears interest at a rate of 8.4% per annum.

3. In March 2016 DekelOil CI SA signed a long-term loan agreement with NSIA Bank for FCFA 6 billion (approximately EUR9.15 million) in order to refinance the Bank of Investment and Development of CEDEAO ("EBID") loan. The loan is repayable over 7 years in equal monthly payments and bears annual interest at the basic bank rate minus 3.7% which is currently equal to 7.1%. According to the agreement, the financial covenants that DekelOil CI SA should maintain are (1) net debt to EBITDA lower or equal to five, and (2) Debt service cover ratio greater than 1.2. The significant decrease in EBITDA resulted in a covenant breach as at 31 December 2018 which was waived by NSIA in December 2018.

On 22 March 2016 NSIA transfered the funds and the EBID loan was repaid in full.

4. In September 2016 DekelOil CI SA signed a long-term financing facility agreement with a consortium of institutional investors arranged by SOGEBOURSE for a long-term loan of up to FCFA 10 billion (approximately EUR15.2 million). Of this amount, FCFA 5.5 billion (approximately EUR8.4 million) was utilized to refinance the West Africa Development Bank ("BOAD") loan The loan is repayable over 7 years in fourteen semi annual payments. and bears interest at a rate of 6.85% per annum.

On 22 October 2016 SOGEBOURSE transferred the funds and the BOAD loan was repaid in full.

On 1 February 2018 the DekelOil CI SA drew down a second tranche of FCFA 2.8 billion (EUR4.34 million) from its FCFA 10 billion (EUR15.2 million) long-term Syndicated Loan Facility with Sogebourse CI. On the same terms as the first tranche. Part of the funds were used to repay a short-term loan in the amount of EUR1,524 thousand and a long-term loan in the amount of EUR497 thousand (see also section 5 below)

5. In October 2016 DekelOil CI SA signed a loan agreement with the Banque Gabonaise Francaise International ("BGFI") for FCFA 350 million (approximately EUR534 thousand) to finance certain investments (EFB press). The loan is for a term of four years with a grace period of one year and bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum.

In February 2018 this loan was fully repaid (see also section 4 above)

6. In October 2018 DekelOil CI SA signed a loan agreement with Societe Ivorienne de Banque ("SIB") for FCFA 400 million (approximately EUR610 thousand). The loan is for 5 years and bears interest at a rate of 8.2% per annum. One of the boilers in the CPO extraction mill serves as a security for the loan.

NOTE 10:- EQUITY

   a.         Composition of share capital: 
 
                           31 December               31 December 
                     ------------------------  ------------------------ 
                        2018         2017         2018         2017 
                     -----------  -----------  -----------  ----------- 
                            Authorized          Issued and outstanding 
                     ------------------------  ------------------------ 
                                      Number of shares 
                     -------------------------------------------------- 
 
Ordinary shares 
 of EUR 0.0003367 
 par value each      400,000,000  400,000,000  299,660,810  298,381,700 
                     ===========  ===========  ===========  =========== 
 

Each ordinary share confers upon its holder voting rights, the right to receive cash and share dividends, and the right to share in excess assets upon liquidation of the Company.

On 4 September 2017 the Company distributed 544 thousand (GBP500 thousand) as a dividend to its shareholders (0.17 pence per ordinary share). The dividend was paid partly in cash, 394 thousand, and partly in shares (to shareholders who elected to receive the scrip dividend alternative). Based on a dividend reference price of 11.8 pence per share, a total of 1,192,242 ordinary Shares were allotted by the Company with a total value of 150 thousand.

On 29 September 2017 a broker of the Company exercised a warrant to purchase 1,070,000 ordinary shares at an exercise price of GBP0.1 per share. The total consideration from the exercise amounted to approximately EUR 121 thousand.

In 2017 the Company issued 261,691 ordinary shares to certain brokers in consideration for services provided. The fair value of the shares issued amounting to EUR 36 thousand was recorded in general and administrative expenses.

On 22 January 2018 the CEO of the Company's subsidiary exercised 400,000 options to acquire ordinary shares granted to him as part of his employment agreement.

In 2018 the Company issued 879,110 ordinary shares to certain brokers in consideration for services provided. The fair value of the shares issued amounting to EUR 33 thousand was recorded in general and administrative expenses

   b.            Share option plan: 

On 15 January 2015 the Company granted directors and senior employees options to purchase 8,100,000 Ordinary shares. Of that amount, 1,800,000 options vested immediately and the remainder will vest ratably over 3 years. Half of the options have an exercise price of 12.5 pence per share while the remainder is exercisable at a price of 20 pence per share. The fair value of the options granted calculated based on Black-Scholes option pricing model was approximately EUR820 thousand.

On 19 October 2015 the Company granted directors and senior employees options to purchase 1,800,000 Ordinary shares. The options will vest ratably over 3 years. Half of the options have an exercise price of 12.5 pence per share while the remainder is exercisable at a price of 20 pence per share. The fair value of the options granted calculated based on Black-Scholes option pricing model was approximately EUR139 thousand.

On 30 June 2017 the Company granted directors and senior employees options to purchase 10,750,000 Ordinary shares. The options will vest ratably over 5 years. The exercise price of the options is EUR0.1359 per share. The fair value of the options granted calculated based on Black-Scholes option pricing model was approximately EUR612 thousand.

On 1 January 2017 a subsidiary appointed a new CEO, and as part of his employment compensation he was granted 1,200,000 options to purchase Ordinary shares of the Company at a nominal exercise price. The options vest linearly over three years. The fair value of the options at the date of grant was calculated based on the share price at that date and was approximately EUR151 thousand.

A summary of the activity in options for the years 2018 and 2017 is as follows:

 
                                               Year ended 
                                               31 December 
                            ------------------------------------------------- 
                                      2018                     2017 
                            ------------------------  ----------------------- 
                                          Weighted                 Weighted 
                                           average                  average 
                              Number       exercise   Number of     exercise 
                             of options   price-Euro    options    price-Euro 
                            -----------  -----------  ----------  ----------- 
 
Outstanding at beginning 
 of year                     21,850,000       0.1705   9,900,000       0.2122 
Exercised                     (400,000)            -           -            - 
Granted                               -            -  11,950,000       0.1359 
Expired or forfeited        (2,727,686)       0.1752           -            - 
 
Outstanding at end of 
 year                        18,722,314       0.1734  21,850,000       0.1705 
                            =========== 
 
Exercisable options          12,717,314       0.1887  10,822,107       0.1949 
                            ===========  ===========  ==========  =========== 
 
   c.         Capital reserve 

The capital reserve comprises the contribution to equity of the Company by the controlling shareholders.

NOTE 11:- REVENUES

a. The Company has one operating segment - production and sale of Palm Oil, Palm Kernel and Palm Kernel Oil. Substantially all of the revenues are derived from the sales of Palm Oil, Palm Kernel Oil and Palm Kernel Cake in Cote d'Ivoire.

   b.         Major customers: 
 
                                               Year ended 
                                               31 December 
                                          -------------------- 
                                            2018       2017 
                                          ---------  --------- 
                                           Euros in thousands 
                                          -------------------- 
 
Revenues from major customers which 
 each account for 10% or more of total 
 revenues reported in the financial 
 statements: 
 
Customer A -                                 13,817     20,126 
Customer B -                                  3,938      3,901 
 

NOTE 12:- FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

The fair value of accounts and other receivables, loans, and trade and other payables approximates their carrying amount due to their short-term maturities. The fair value of long-term loans with a carrying amount of EUR17,293 thousands and EUR 15,934 thousands (including current maturities) approximates their fair value as of 31 December 2018 and 2017, respectively (level 3 of the fair value hierarchy).

NOTE 13:- INCOME TAXES

   a.             Tax rates applicable to the income of the Company and its subsidiaries: 

The Company and its subsidiary, CS DekelOil Siva Ltd, were incorporated in Cyprus and are taxed according to Cyprus tax laws. The statutory federal tax rate is 10%.

The subsidiary, DekelOil CI SA, was incorporated in Cote d'Ivoire and is taxed according to Cote d'Ivoire tax laws. Based on its investment plan, DekelOil CI SA received a full tax exemption from local income tax, "Tax on Industrial and Commercial profits," for the thirteen years starting 1 January 2014, 50% tax exemption for the fourteenth year and 25% tax exemption for the fifteenth year.

The tax exemptions were conditional upon meeting the terms of the investment plan, which the Group has met.

The subsidiary DekelOil Consulting Ltd was incorporated in Israel and is taxed according to Israeli tax laws.

   b.                      Tax assessments: 

The Company's subsidiary, DekelOil CI SA, received a final tax assessment through 2017.

As of 31 December 2018, the Company and all its other subsidiaries had not yet received final tax assessments

c. The tax expenses during the year ended 31 December 2018 wholly relate to tax of the Company's subsidiary, DekelOil CI SA.

NOTE 14:- SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION TO THE STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 
                                                   Year ended 
                                                   31 December 
                                              -------------------- 
                                                2018       2017 
                                              ---------  --------- 
                                               Euros in thousands 
                                              -------------------- 
a.   Cost of revenues: 
 
 Cost of fruits                                  13,769     18,478 
 
 Salaries and related benefits                    1,520      1,354 
 Cultivation & Nursery costs                        414        751 
 Vehicles                                           433        577 
 Maintenance and other operating costs            1,895      1,264 
 Depreciation                                     1,121        890 
 
                                                 19,152     23,314 
                                              =========  ========= 
 
b.   General and administrative expenses: 
 
 Salaries and related benefits                    1,625      1,628 
 Subcontractors                                      42        153 
 Rents & related and office expenses                250        247 
 Travel expenses                                    122        154 
 Legal & accounting and professional 
  fees                                              222        298 
 Vehicle maintenance                                110        125 
 Insurance                                           73        165 
 Brokerage & nominated advisor fees                  81         83 
 Depreciation                                       186        246 
 Share-based compensation                           160        241 
 Other                                              364        251 
                                              ---------  --------- 
 
                                                  3,235      3,591 
                                              =========  ========= 
c.   Finance cost: 
 
 Interest on loans                                1,410      1,323 
 Bank loans and fees                                268        278 
 Exchange rate differences                           60         62 
                                              ---------  --------- 
 
                                                  1,738      1,663 
                                              =========  ========= 
 
 Net of amounts capitalized                           -         48 
                                              =========  ========= 
 
 

NOTE 15:- INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE

The following reflects the income (loss) and share data used in the basic and diluted earnings per share computations:

 
                                                       Year ended 
                                                       31 December 
                                              ---------------------------- 
                                                  2018            2017 
                                              -------------    ----------- 
                                                   Euros in thousands 
                                              ---------------------------- 
 
Net income(loss)                                    (3,283)          1,555 
                                              =============    =========== 
 
Weighted average number of Ordinary shares 
 for computing basic and diluted earnings 
 (loss) per share                               299,119,461    296,153,368 
                                              =============   ============ 
 
 

In 2018, share options are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as their effect is antidilutive. In 2017, the inclusion of share options in the calculation of diluted earnings per share had no effect on basic earnings per share.

NOTE 16:- BALANCES AND TRANSACTIONS WITH RELATED PARTIES

 
                                                            Year ended 
                                                            31 December 
                                                       -------------------- 
                                                         2018       2017 
                                                       ---------  --------- 
                                                        Euros in thousands 
                                                       -------------------- 
 a.1    Balances: 
  Other accounts payable and accrued expenses                 32         10 
 
 a.2    Transactions:(1) 
  Services and expense reimbursements                        289        534 
 
 b.     Compensation of key management personnel 
         of the Company: 
  Short-term employee benefits                               539        579 
  Share-based compensation                                    74        189 
 
   1)        See also Note 18 - subsequent events 
   c.            Significant agreements with related parties: 

1. In February 2008, DekelOil Consulting Limited ("Consulting") signed an employment agreement with a shareholder, who is a director of the Company, the CEO of the Company and the chairman of the Board of Directors of DekelOil CI SA.

Under the employment agreement, the CEO is entitled to a monthly salary of EUR 20,000 per month (included in b) and management fee of EUR 5,000 per month (included in a.2). The agreement is terminable by the Company with 24 months' notice. The total annual salary, social benefits, bonuses and management fee paid to the CEO during 2017 and 2018 was approximately EUR284 thousand and EUR 252 thousand, respectively.

2. In March 2008, DekelOil Consulting Limited signed an employment agreement with a shareholder, who is a director of the Company, its Deputy CEO and Chief Financial Officer. The agreement was amended on 11 July 2014 by the board of the subsidiary to reflect the same terms as the CEO described in c (1) above. The total annual salary and social benefits paid to the employee during 2017 and 2018 was approximately EUR223 thousand and EUR 191 thousand, respectively.

3. In March 2014 a subsidiary of the Company entered into an agreement with a related party for renting tractors for its mill and logistic centers operation. During 2017 and 2018 the subsidiary paid to the related company for these services approximately EUR381 thousand and EUR179 thousand.

NOTE 17:-FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

   a.            Classification of financial liabilities: 

The financial liabilities in the statement of financial position are classified by groups of financial instruments pursuant to IFRS 9:

 
                                                       31 December 
                                                  ---------------------- 
                                                     2018         2017 
                                                  -----------    ------- 
                                                    Euros in thousands 
                                                  ---------------------- 
Financial liabilities measured at amortized 
 cost: 
 
  Trade and other payables                              1,261      1,122 
Short-term loans                                          670      1,533 
Long-term capital lease                                    94         46 
Long-term loans (including current maturities)         17,293     15,975 
 
Total                                                  19,818     18,676 
                                                  ===========   ======== 
 
 
   b.         Financial risks factors: 

The Group's activities expose it to market risk (foreign exchange risk). Certain of the Group's long-term obligations at the reporting date also bear variable interest rates which are linked to the inter banking interest rate in Cote d'Ivoire, and therefore the Group is exposed to cash flow risks due to changes in that base interest rate. The effect on profit or loss is approximately EUR91 thousand for each 1% change in the base interest rate.

Foreign exchange risk:

The Company is exposed to foreign exchange risk resulting from the exposure to different currencies, mainly, NIS and GBP. Since the FCFA is fixed to the Euro, the Group is not exposed to foreign exchange risk in respect of the FCFA. As of 31 December 2018, the foreign exchange risk is immaterial.

Liquidity risk:

The table below summarizes the maturity profile of the Group's financial liabilities based on contractual undiscounted payments (including interest payments):

31 December 2018

 
                                              2 to 
                       Less than      1 to       3      3 to      4 to 
                        one year   2 years   years   4 years   5 years  > 5 years   Total 
                       ---------  --------  ------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
                                                Euros in thousands 
                       -------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 
 
Long-term loans 
 (1)                       4,622     4,307   4,024     3,900     1,737        699  19,289 
Short-term loan              670         -       -         -         -          -     670 
Trade payables 
 and other accounts 
 payable                   1,261         -       -         -         -          -   1,261 
Long-term capital 
 lease                        25        18      18        18         6        340     425 
 
                           6,578     4,325   4,042     3,918     1,743      1,039  21,645 
                       =========  ========  ======  ========  ========  =========  ====== 
 

31 December 2017

 
                                              2 to 
                       Less than      1 to       3      3 to      4 to 
                        one year   2 years   years   4 years   5 years  > 5 years      Total 
                       ---------  --------  ------  --------  --------  ---------  --------- 
                                                 Euros in thousands 
                       ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 
 
Long-term loans 
 (1)                       2,936     4,157   3,785     3,284     3,093      2,580     19,835 
Short-term loan            1,533         -       -         -         -          -      1,533 
Trade payables 
 and other accounts 
 payable                   1,122         -       -         -         -          -      1,122 
Long-term capital 
 lease                        18        18      13         5         5        340        399 
 
                           5,609     4,175   3,798     3,289     3,098      2,920     22,889 
                       =========  ========  ======  ========  ========  =========  ========= 
 
   (1)      Including current maturities. 

Movement in financial liabilities:

 
                                          Long term             Capital 
                                Short       loans    Financial    note 
                              term loans     (1)       lease              Total 
                             -----------  ---------  ---------  -------  ------- 
 
Balance as of 1 January 
 2017                                  -     18,457         62    1,979   20,498 
 
Conversion of capital 
 note to equity                        -          -          -  (1,979)  (1,979) 
Receipt of short term 
 loans                             1,533          -          -        -    1,533 
Repayment of long-term 
 lease                                 -          -       (16)        -     (16) 
Receipt of long-term 
 loans                                 -        216          -        -      216 
Repayment of long-term 
 loans                                 -    (2,739)          -        -  (2,739) 
                                                                ------- 
 
Balance as of 1 January 
 2018                              1,533     15,934         46        -   17,513 
 
  Receipt of short-term 
  loan                               669          -          -               669 
Receipt of long-term 
 lease                                 -          -         72        -       72 
Repayment of long-term 
 lease                                 -          -       (24)        -     (24) 
Repayment of loans               (1,533)    (3,617)          -        -  (5,150) 
Receipt of long-term 
 loans                                 -      4,976          -        -    4,976 
                                                                ------- 
 
Balance as of 31 December 
 2018                                669     17,293         94        -   18,056 
                             ===========  =========  =========  =======  ======= 
 

1) Including current maturities.

NOTE 18:- SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On 20 December 2018 the Company entered into an agreement to purchase a 43.8% interest in Pearlside Holding Ltd ("Pearlside") by way of issuing 52,612,613 Ordinary shares of the Company. Pearlside, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, is in the initial stages of development and construction of a raw cashew nut processing plant in Cote d'Ivoire. The closing of this purchase transaction occurred on 7 January 2019. Based on the market price of the Company's shares on the date of the purchase, the cost of the investment in Pearlside amounted to approximately EUR1.8 million.

Of the total Ordinary shares issued, 36,156,157 Ordinary shares were issued to related parties of the Company.

In addition, the Company has an option to purchase an additional 20.5% of Pearlside which may be exercised at any time following the date on which Pearlside is due to publish its audited annual accounts for the year ending 31 December 2020 until the date falling 6 months after Pearlside issues its audited annual accounts for the year ending 31 December 2021.

The exercise price will be calculated by reference to the higher of (i) 4.5times EBITDA of Pearlside in its last published audited annual accounts prior to exercise of the option and (ii) the valuation of EUR 18 million for the entire issued share capital of Pearlside.

If Pearlside has not achieved an EBITDA of EUR 4 million for the year 2020, DekelOil may acquire the shares of Pearlside under option based on an EUR 18 million valuation of Pearlside, at any time until the 2021 annual accounts are published at which point the valuation will be reset at the higher of 4.5 times EBITDA or EUR 18 million for 100% of Pearlside's equity. If the exercise price is determined by reference to the EBITDA of Pearlside, and the EBITDA is EUR 7 million or more, the EBITDA applied will be capped at EUR 7 million.

On 25 May 2019 Pearlside signed an equity investment agreement with an investor pursuant to which the subscriber invested EUR1 million in consideration for shares representing approximately a 15% ownership interest in Pearlside. At the same time, the Company elected to receive repayment of a EUR320 thousand short-term bridge loan provided to Pearlside in 2019 by receiving EUR238 thousand in cash and converting EUR82 thousand into new shares of Pearlside. Following these equity issuances, the Company has a 37.8% ownership interest in Pearlside and an option to purchase an additional 17% of Pearlside.

This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.

END

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