Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Calculus Vct Plc LSE:CLC London Ordinary Share GB00BYQPF348 ORD 1P
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  0.00 0.0% 55.00 50.00 60.00 55.00 55.00 55.00 0.00 00:00:00
Industry Sector Turnover (m) Profit (m) EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap (m)
Equity Investment Instruments 0.1 -0.2 -1.3 - 14

Calculus VCT PLC Half-year Report

18/10/2019 4:40pm

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)

Calculus Vct (LSE:CLC)
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6 Months : From Jul 2019 to Jan 2020

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RNS Number : 4434Q

Calculus VCT PLC

18 October 2019

Calculus VCT plc

Half Yearly Report for the six months ended 31 August 2019


The Company's principal objectives for investors are to:

-- invest in a portfolio of Venture Capital Investments that will provide investment returns that are sufficient to allow the Company to maximise dividends and capital growth over the medium to long term;

-- generate sufficient returns from a portfolio of Venture Capital Investments that will provide attractive long-term returns within a tax efficient vehicle;

-- review and pay the appropriate level of dividends annually taking account of investment returns achieved and future prospects; and

-- maintain VCT status to enable qualifying investors to retain their income tax relief of up to 30 per cent. on the initial investment and receive tax-free dividends and capital growth.


Ordinary share fund

 Financial Highlights      6 months to       6 Months to       12 Months to 
                          31 August 2019    31 August 2018    28 February 2019 
 Total return per new 
  Ordinary share             (0.28p)           (1.63p)            (7.27p) 
 Net asset value per 
  new Ordinary share         72.20p            81.10p             75.84p 

To date, 11.65 pence of dividends have been paid to eligible Ordinary shareholders. In addition, since launch 85.24 pence has been paid to original ordinary shareholders and 75.10 pence to original C shareholders including the equivalent dividends paid since the share class merger that took place on 1 August 2017.


I am pleased to present your Company's results for the 6 months to 31 August 2019.

Performance summary

The NAV showed a 3.6p per share decrease in the 6 months to 31 August 2019. Of this decrease in value, 3.4 pence per share is attributable to the dividend that was paid in July 2019. The further movement is attributable to the performance of qualifying investments.

I am delighted to report that during the period, the Company's holding in Synpromics Limited was sold achieving an impressive return for investors. Whilst the financial terms of the acquisition are undisclosed, the return achieved significantly exceeds target returns. The deal is further enhanced by the potential to benefit from future licensing fees on Synpromics existing portfolio of licences.

AnTech has performed well in the period, increasing 30% in value since 28 February 2019. This is predominantly due to the growth of its directional drilling tools division. Money Dashboard has increased in value by 20% in the period as it has improved its market position following a funding round in July 2019.

Although many companies in the portfolio showed strong growth, the Company's NAV was hit by the write down of some investments. Terrain Energy was written down by GBP265,000 due to the disappointing results of the Brockham well test. Solab's equity was written down in full losing GBP180,000 of NAV value when the company was put in administration in June 2019. The value of Pico's (Benito's Hat) has also been written down as the company is continuing to experience difficult trading conditions. In addition, the current economic and political uncertainty in the UK which has led to weak performance of the public markets has also impacted the few AIM quoted holdings in the portfolio.

The NAV also suffered from the low return earned on cash and near cash balances held by the Company awaiting investment. The Company has an active investment programme and funds are now being put to work.

In the period to 31 August 2019, six new investments were made on behalf of the qualifying portfolio:

   -     March 2019: the Company invested an additional GBP100,000 in WheelRright Limited 
   -     April 2019: GBP300,000 was invested in Wazoku Limited 

- April 2019: GBP300,000 was invested in existing portfolio company Blu Wireless Technologies Limited

   -     May 2019: the Company invested GBP340,000 in IPV Limited 
   -     May 2019: the Company invested a further GBP200,000 in Every1Mobile Limited 
   -     July 2019: the Company invested a further GBP150,000 in Quai Administration Services Limited 

Further information can be found on new investee companies Wazoku Limited and IPV Limited in the Investment Manager's Report.


During the period, the Company bought back and cancelled 78,279 Ordinary shares. The Company continues to review opportunities to carry out share buybacks at a discount of no greater than 10% to NAV.


As mentioned above, a dividend was paid on 26 July 2019 of 3.4 pence per eligible Ordinary share.

Board composition

Michael O'Higgins stepped down from the board following the AGM in July 2019 and I was appointed Chairman from that date. I would like to thank Michael for his contribution to the VCT over the past 10 years.

Change of auditor

The Company appointed BDO LLP to take over from Grant Thornton in May 2019 after carrying out a tender process. BDO LLP were then elected by shareholders at the Annual General Meeting on 4 July 2019.

Ordinary share issue

The offer for subscription for Ordinary Shares that opened on 13 September 2018 and closed on 31 August 2019 received aggregate subscriptions from the issue of Ordinary shares of GBP5.9 million.

On 24 September 2019 a new prospectus was launched for a further offer for subscription for Ordinary Shares, with the shares to be issued in the 2019/20 and 2020/21 tax years.

Developments since the period end

On 6 September 2019, the Company issued 1,334,399 Ordinary Shares under the prospectus approved on 13 September 2019. The Company subsequently launched a new offer 24 September 2019.

Other than mentioned above, there have been no material developments since the period end.

Jan Ward


18 October 2019


Venture Capital Investments

Portfolio developments

Calculus Capital Limited manages the Company's portfolio of venture capital investments. In general, Calculus Capital prefers investments to be of a sufficient size to enable them to play an influential role in helping the investee companies develop. Investments by the Company may be by way of equity, and also by way of loan stock and/or preference shares which provide income to assist in paying dividends and provide a measure of risk mitigation.

As at 31 August 2019, the portfolio had 31 Qualifying Investments. An update on some of the portfolio companies has been provided below.

AnTech Limited

AnTech is a specialist engineering company in the oil and gas market, manufacturing products for use in oil and gas production, as well as providing directional coiled tube drilling services. The Products Division supplies high specification customised and standard products. The division is on track for a record year, with current sales and the order book bolstered by continued oil price stabilisation. AnTech's Services Division has developed a new generation of directional drilling tools, which transforms the manner and efficiency with which oil and gas wells can be drilled with coiled tubing. Following a period of slowly gaining market acceptance, the division is showing promising signs of growth, with a bigger and better pipeline than previously. AnTech has managed its resources, including cash, well and is optimistic about the prospects for both its divisions.

Arcis Biotechnology Holdings Limited

Arcis has developed an innovative way of extracting DNA and potentially RNA which has significant advantages over other techniques. Arcis' patented sample preparation system simply and rapidly opens up human cells, microorganisms, viruses and fungi to release the DNA / RNA and, unlike competitor processes, the Arcis chemistry more effectively protects the DNA / RNA from degradation. Arcis has signed its first commercial license agreement providing its technology in the development of a rapid diagnostic test. The initial progress of this collaboration has been positive. In July 2019 Arcis received a GBP1.2m investment from new and existing investors. The funds will be used to further support the company's product development and commercialization efforts.

Arecor Limited

Arecor, with a proprietary technology platform, partners with major global pharmaceutical and biotech companies in a licencing model to deliver superior reformulations of their proprietary products, which would not be possible using conventional formulation science. Arecor is also leveraging its platform to develop its own portfolio of products, initially focused on improving the treatment of diabetes. Since the investment by Calculus VCT, as part of a GBP6m round, the company has appointed a new CFO, Susan Lowther, who has significant experience across both private and public fast-growing life science companies. In March 2019, in line with its plan, Arecor announced that its Phase I clinical trial application for its ultra-rapid acting insulin product has been approved by the Austrian regulator. The trial is being conducted in Austria at an internationally recognised centre of excellence in the field of diabetes research and results are expected later in 2019.

Blu Wireless Technology Limited

The Company invested GBP300,000 in Blu Wireless Technology (BWT) in April 2019. BWT is a key player in the development of high frequency (mmWave) wireless communication, which allows for multi-gigabit per second data transfer with low latency has been heralded as the future for ultra-fast wireless technology. Key market applications include: reducing the cost of building dense 5G networks by providing backhaul through fixed wireless access (FWA); and reliable high-speed connectivity for high speed trains and vehicles. BWT is a key part of two UK government contracts as part of the UK's 5G Strategy, including in Liverpool to support the NHS and its high-speed transport technology is being used in the Auto Air Testbed. In February 2019, BWT announced a partnership with FirstGroup, to deliver high speed internet to trains both in the UK and overseas. In April 2019, BWT completed a GBP12.6m funding round, in which Calculus VCT participated alongside ARM (formerly Arm Holdings) and other new institutional investors.

Cloud Trade Technologies Limited

Cloud Trade is a software company providing technology that allows businesses to automate the invoice handling process in a way that is completely invisible to the supplier. Invoices are simply directed to a new email address, allowing Cloud Trade's patented software to automatically extract the relevant data and inject it directly into the accounting system. Today, Cloud Trade's software is primarily used to automate the accounts payable process, but the technology is applicable to any computer-generated document. With the rise of robotic process automation (RPA) systems, Cloud Trade's addressable market is expected to expand significantly. Since the investment by Calculus, the company has appointed a new Chairman, Philip Padfield, and a new Chief Revenue Officer, Steve Emecz, established a US entity (Cloud Trade Inc.) and launched Cloud Trade Logistics; a specialised product for the US freight logistics industry. Cloud Trade has progressed well over recent months with new customers won in the US (Cloud Trade Logistics), the UK and Europe. In June 2019, Cloud Trade launched on the Systems Applications and Products ("SAP(R)") App Center, the digital marketplace for SAP partner offerings, which is expected to be an important future sales channel.

Essentia Analytics Limited

Essentia Analytics provides decision analytics in order to improve the performance of active asset managers. Essentia's proprietary software conducts full algorithmic analysis of all past investment decisions, and using machine learning identifies each individual portfolio manager's behavioural biases. The software then continuously monitors their portfolio including individual stock performance and trading and creates proactive behavioural 'nudges' to help the fund manager improve his or her performance. Quarterly consultation sessions are also provided to reinforce change in behavioural trading biases at an individual and team level. Its customers include large US, UK and European asset management companies as well as hedge funds. In January 2019, Calculus invested GBP2.5m in the company, which is being used to expand their product offering, in particular for asset allocators (CIOs), and to drive growth by strengthening the US and European sales and marketing capability.

Every1Mobile Limited

The Company invested GBP200,000 in Every1Mobile ('E1M') in May 2019 bringing the total investment to GBP400,000. In 2018, E1M grew revenues by 60%, and won several major contracts, including its first Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) licensing contract for delivery of online business education services to micro-entrepreneurs across Unilever's worldwide emerging markets. Its platform also connects 3,200 shopkeepers and 13,000 consumers in Kenya and Nigeria as part of public-private partnership between Unilever, DFID and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. These partnerships are designed to build the businesses of low-income shopkeepers via education and access to services, such as consumer vouchering. In February 2019, DeafKidz International and E1M announced a partnership to develop an online platform for emerging markets worldwide that will enable professionals, such as teachers, police, social workers and health workers, to access online training and resources and access peer and expert support through their mobile phone.

IPV Limited

The Company invested GBP340,000 in IPV during the period: GBP40,000 of equity and GBP300,000 of loan notes. IPV's proprietary software enables companies to access, store, modify, tag and transfer video content quickly and efficiently, significantly improving internal processes and creating more routes to market. IPV's products are designed to create a "Content Factory" experience for the users, streamlining the creative editorial process and the delivery of content to multiple platforms. IPV has an established, blue chip customer base in the media and broadcast industry, including Turner, Sony Entertainment, the Oscars (AMPAS) and Sky. IPV continues to move from its historical "perpetual licence" model to a subscription and hosted, recurring revenue model. The change has resulted in relatively flat total revenues over recent periods, but strong growth in the more valuable, recurring revenue stream. In 2018, total revenues fell slightly compared to the prior year, but more valuable recurring revenue increased by 60% from GBP1m to GBP1.6m over the same period. Focus for the next twelve months is to continue increasing the recurring revenues.

MicroEnergy Generation Services Limited

MicroEnergy Generation Services owns and operates a fleet of 147 small onshore wind turbines (<5kW). Revenues from the fleet of turbines come from two sources, firstly, there is the Government backed feed-in tariff paid by the electricity suppliers for every kilowatt of electricity generated. Secondly, there is an export tariff for any surplus electricity not used by the site owner that is exported to the grid. Full year generation to 31 March 2019 was in line with the previous year despite a lower wind resource due to efforts being focused on optimising the performance of the fleet. This included the recent replacement of nine of its Chinese manufactured Huaying HY5 turbines with Elance R9000s which do not suffer from reliability issues. The company is actively investigating exit opportunities.

Money Dashboard Limited

Money Dashboard offers its users a free view of their finances (from bank accounts, credit cards, store cards, etc.) in one secure place. The company's proprietary transaction tagging technology analyses the user's spending into categories, providing an automatically updating, consolidated view of their financial lives. Money Dashboard's principal revenue stream is based upon aggregating its users' data on an anonymous basis to analyse consumer spending trends, which can be sold to institutional investors and others. In August 2019, Calculus Capital invested a further GBP1.0m (as part of a GBP4.6m round) which will be used to support additional recruitment, as well as to further develop the company's technological offering, helping cement the company's market leading position.

Open Orphan plc (formerly Venn Life Sciences)

In May 2019 the Board of Directors of Venn Life Sciences, an integrated Contract Research Organisation providing drug development, clinical trial management and resourcing solutions, recommended the company enter into a reverse takeover transaction with Open Orphan, a services platform for pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies with a particular focus on drugs for rare diseases, which have been designated as "Orphan Drugs". Open Orphan has built a database connecting over 4,000 rare disease specialist physicians with over 500 pharmaceutical companies with orphan drugs in development or on the market across Europe. Open Orphan has also begun establishing a patient health data platform, with a focus on rare diseases. Venn Life Sciences' service offerings will enable the combined group to assist the developers of rare disease and orphan products from pre-clinical development through to commercialisation. The combined group aims to build a leading, European-focussed, rare and orphan drug consulting services platform, building on its existing capability through strategic and targeted acquisitions.

Oxford BioTherapuetics Limited

Oxford BioTherapeutics (OBT) is a clinical stage oncology company committed to the discovery and development of novel therapies for various cancer types. OBT has a number of partnered programs, as well as a strong pipeline of proprietary immune-oncology (IO) therapies, which are used to re-engage and recruit the body's immune system to attack cancer cells. In June 2019, OBT received a milestone payment from Boehringer Ingelheim (BI) in relation to the advancement of one of two pre-clinical stage candidates, which BI is developing. In addition, the most advanced of OBT's two clinical stage assets, which are both being funded by The Menarini Group through to completion of Phase II, has begun clinical development in the US for patients with high risk breast cancer and other solid tumours. In August 2019, OBT received an investment of $5m from ALSA Ventures, a life sciences investor focused on novel therapeutics.

Park Street Shipping Limited

In February 2017, Park Street Shipping purchased MV Nordic London, a 2010 South Korean built 35,000 dwt Handysize dry bulk carrier, taking advantage of the attractive investment environment in the sector. The company recently secured a 7-10-month charter with Cargill, the largest privately held corporation in the United States in terms of revenue, at USD 10,300 per day. This is the same day rate as the previous charter which was secured when the market was stronger suggesting that the vessel is performing well and in demand. Mid-term prospects for the sector are encouraging with fleet growth expected to be approximately 2% versus dry bulk demand growth of 3%, although ongoing risks to the sector persist due to international trade disputes. The valuation has been increased since the last valuation date due to the strength of the USD against the GBP as the vessel earns income in USD.

Pico's Limited ("Benito's Hat")

Benito's Hat is a Mexican-themed fast casual restaurant business with eight sites. As has been widely reported, trading in the casual dining market is challenging at present. A new site model was established to adapt to the current environment, reducing new build costs and giving the brand the ability to open smaller stores. Whilst this work has been necessary, it has meant that the business incurred a number of one-off costs. Combined with the slower than expected maturity of newly opened stores, this led to a deterioration in cashflow. Having taken advice from restructuring experts the company took the decision to pursue a Company Voluntary Arrangement ("CVA"). The proposal was approved with 93% of creditors voting in favour. While negotiations with landlords are ongoing and will be key to building a sustainable business, the company is focusing on initiatives to protect revenues in the current volatile consumer spending environment. Management is focused on achieving a sustainable level of profitability before pursuing an exit opportunity for shareholders.

Quai Administration Services Limited

The Company invested GBP150,000 in Quai in July 2019. Quai's platform administers thousands of individual savings plans at a fraction of the cost incurred by established insurance companies and wealth managers, with the company's compliant and efficient administration systems providing clients with the ability to drive operational efficiencies. Quai's systems focus on the provision of two core administration services: Product Administration for mass-market consumer offerings and Portfolio Administration for private client and portfolio managers. Since Calculus' initial investment, Quai's revenues have grown by nearly 300% (over 30% compound annual growth). Quai now has 11 customers live on its platform including PJMilton, Punter Southall, Digital Moneybox and Tavistock Investments. In the coming year Quai is reviewing the possibility of applying for its own FCA permissions, which would expand the company's range of services, increase margins and reduce reliance on third parties for a key service.

Terrain Energy Limited

Terrain has interests in four production licences and seven exploration licences. Terrain's most promising assets are its 100% owned and operated exploration licences in Germany with recoverable resources estimated at 23 billion cubic feet (bcf) of gas and 3.1 million barrels of oil. Three geothermal wells have been drilled on and adjacent to these licences in recent years targeting water and have made significant hydrocarbon discoveries thus de-risking the assets for Terrain. Terrain's near-term focus is maximising cash flow from its production and development assets in order to support the delivery of its German appraisal blockbuster in the mid-term, but it is not without risk. The Brockham well was tested in June 2019 with the conclusion that oil could not be produced from the Kimmeridge formation at commercial levels. This, alongside continuing operational issues at the Whisby field, has reduced the company's value. The Directors are examining the prospect of an exit event in the short-medium term, depending on market conditions.

Wazoku Limited

Calculus VCT invested GBP300,000 in Wazoku Ltd in April 2019 as part of GBP2.5m investment round. Wazoku has developed a market leading platform and suite of support services to enable firms to innovate at scale. The core product, Idea Spotlight, is a Global Home for Ideas. It is a customisable off-the--shelf solution offering collaborative idea management modules to meet the diverse set of innovation requirements that global businesses have. Successful innovation requires not only capturing ideas, but also collating, analysing and implementing them. The platform provides the process and structure to capture, evolve, evaluate, develop, measure, select and implement the best ideas from internal or external stakeholders. Wazoku has an impressive client list including John Lewis, Aviva, HSBC, Oxford University and Bristol-Myers Squibb.

Weeding Technologies Limited ("Weedingtech")

Weedingtech is a cleantech company focused on replacing toxic herbicides, particularly in the municipal market. Weedingtech's technology treats weed and moss using environmentally friendly hot foam (which keeps the heat on long enough to kill the weed or moss). The last twelve months have seen increased legal and public focus on the use of chemical herbicides, particularly in public areas. There have been a number of very large court awards against Monsanto in relation to the use of glyphosate and an estimated 11,000 further US cases are pending. In April 2019, with Calculus Capital's support, Weedingtech secured a GBP2.2m funding round from a new institutional investor specialising in environmental sustainability. The funds will be used for the continued expansion into the US, sales and marketing and operational improvements.

Developments since the period end

Other than as disclosed above, there have been no developments since the period end.

Calculus Capital Limited

18 October 2019



% of Net Assets

 Unquoted - loan stock                  10% 
 Quoted and unquoted - ordinary and 
  preference shares                     37% 
 Unquoted - liquidity funds             38% 
 Net current assets                     15% 
------------------------------------  ----- 

Asset class - % of Portfolio

 Quoted and unquoted - Qualifying 
  Investments                                                         55% 
 Unquoted - other non-Qualifying 
  Investments                                                         45% 
-----------------------------------  ------------------------------------ 
                                                                Book Cost   Valuation   Movement 
                                                                                           since             % 
                                                                                          28 Feb            of 
 Company                             Nature of Business           GBP'000     GBP'000          %     Portfolio 
----------------------------------  -------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ------------ 
 Qualifying Investments 
 Air Leisure Group Limited           Leisure                          200           -          -             - 
 AnTech Limited                      Oil services                     120         186        30%             1 
 Arcis Biotechnology Holdings 
  Limited                            Med Tech                         275         275          -             2 
 Arecor Limited                      Biotech                          100         114        14%             1 
 Blu Wireless Technology 
  Limited                            Technology Hardware              450         745       67%*             6 
 C4X Discovery Holdings 
  plc                                Pharma Services                  199          84      (42%)             1 
 Cloud Trade Technologies 
  Limited                            Software                         200         249         8%             2 
 Cornerstone Brands Limited          E-commerce                       150         150          -             1 
 Duvas Technologies Limited          Oil & Gas Services               208         198       (5%)             1 
 Essentia Analytics Limited          Technology Services              200         219         9%             2 
 Every1Mobile Limited                Technology Services              400         430         -*             3 
 Genedrive plc                       Biotech                          144          44      (35%)             - 
 Infrastrata plc                     Gas Utilities                      2           1      (66%)             - 
 IPV Limited                         Technology Software              340         340        New             3 
 MicroEnergy Generation 
  Services                           Energy                           148          77         7%             1 
 MIP Diagnostics                     Biotech                          200         240          -             2 
 Mologic Limited                     Med Tech                         200         266          -             2 
 Money Dashboard Limited             Personal Finance                 277         332        20%             2 
 Open Energy Market Limited          Technology Services              200         230          -             2 
 Open Orphan plc                     Clinical Research                 55          15        87%             - 
 Oxford Bio Therapeutics 
  Limited                            Biotech                          200         243        21%             2 
 Park Street Shipping 
  Limited                            Shipping                         150         218         9%             2 
 Pico's Limited                      Leisure                          199         103      (43%)             1 
 Quai Administration Services 
  Limited                            Technology                       370         370         -*             3 
 Scancell Holdings plc               Biotech                          378         178       (3%)             1 
 Solab Group Limited                 Cosmetics                        479         295      (38%)             2 
 Terrain Energy Limited              Oil & gas production             967         616      (30%)             5 
 Tollan Energy Limited               Energy                            13          12          -             - 
 Wazoku Limited                      Technology Software              300         349        New             3 
 Weeding Technologies 
  Limited                            Technology Hardware              216         258        11%             2 
 WheelRight Limited                  Industrials Engineering          300         300         -*             2 
----------------------------------  -------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ------------ 
 Total Qualifying Investments                                       7,640       7,137                       55 
 Other non-Qualifying 
----------------------------------  -------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ------------ 
 Aberdeen Sterling Liquidity 
  Fund                               Liquidity fund                 1,882       1,882                       15 
 Fidelity Sterling Liquidity 
  Fund                               Liquidity fund                 1,883       1,897                       15 
 Goldman Sachs Sterling 
  Liquidity Fund                     Liquidity fund                 1,880       1,880                       15 
 Terrain Energy Limited              Oil and gas production             5           3                        - 
----------------------------------  -------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ------------ 
 Total Other non-Qualifying 
  Investments                                                       5,650       5,662                       45 
-----------------------------------  ------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ------------ 
 Total Investments                                                 13,290      12,799                      100 
 Net Current Assets less 
  Creditors due after one 
  year                                                                          2,193 
-----------------------------------  ------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ------------ 
 Net Non-Current Assets 
  less Creditors due after 
  one year                                                                          4 
-----------------------------------  ------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ------------ 
 Net Assets                                                                    14,996 
-----------------------------------  ------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ------------ 

*Where additions have been made to existing holdings in the period, the movement includes the additional cost as if the additional investment had been held at the year end.


The principal risks facing the Company remain the same as those detailed on page 25 of the Annual Report and Accounts for the year ended 28 February 2019.

Brexit is still causing uncertainty however it remains our view that our portfolio companies are not experiencing material difficulties as a result of the political situation.

The main risks faced by the Company include, but are not limited to, loss of approval as a venture capital trust and other regulatory breaches, risks of making and realising qualifying investments, liquidity/marketability risk, changes in legislation/taxation, engagement of third party advisers, market price risk and credit risk.


After making enquiries, and having reviewed the portfolio, balance sheet and projected income and expenditure for the next twelve months, the Directors have a reasonable expectation that the Company has adequate resources to continue in operation for the foreseeable future. The Directors have therefore adopted the going concern basis in preparing these condensed financial statements.


The half-yearly financial report has been reviewed by the Company's auditors. This report is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the Directors. The Directors confirm that to the best of their knowledge the half-yearly financial report, which has been prepared in accordance with the UK Listing Authority Disclosure and Transparency Rules ("DTR") and in accordance with the Financial Reporting Council's Financial Reporting Standard 104: 'Interim Financial Reporting' gives a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and the net return of the Company as at 31 August 2019.

The Directors confirm that the Chairman's Update, the Investment Management report, the disclosures above and notes 10 and 11, include a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.7R, being an indication of important events that have occurred during the first six months of the financial year and their impact on the condensed set of financial statements and a description of the principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the financial year, and DTR 4.2.8R.

The Directors of Calculus VCT plc are:

Jan Ward

Kate Cornish-Bowden

Claire Olsen

John Glencross

By order of the Board

Jan Ward

Chairman, 18 October 2019



                                  6 Months Ended                      6 Months Ended                      12 Months Ended 
                                  31 August 2019                      31 August 2018                     28 February 2019 
                           Revenue     Capital                 Revenue     Capital                 Revenue     Capital 
---------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
                            Return      Return       Total      Return      Return       Total      Return      Return       Total 
                  Note     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000     GBP'000 
  losses           8             -        (50)        (50)           -       (174)       (174)           -       (612)       (612) 
 Gain/(loss) on 
  investments       8            -         154         154           -         104         104           -        (88)        (88) 
 Income                         77           -          77          42           -          42          91           -          91 
  fee                         (32)        (98)       (130)        (24)        (72)        (96)        (49)       (148)       (197) 
  expenses                   (107)           -       (107)        (93)           -        (93)       (221)           -       (221) 
---------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
  on ordinary 
  taxation                    (62)           6        (56)        (75)       (142)       (217)       (179)       (848)     (1,027) 
---------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 Taxation on       3             -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           - 
---------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
  for the 
  period                      (62)           6        (56)        (75)       (142)       (217)       (179)       (848)     (1,027) 
---------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 Basic and 
  per new 
  share             2      (0.31)p       0.03p     (0.28)p     (0.56)p     (1.07)p     (1.63)p     (1.27)p     (6.00)p     (7.27)p 
---------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 

The supplementary revenue return and capital return columns are both prepared in accordance with the Association of Investment Companies ("AIC") Statement of Recommended Practice ("SORP"). No operations were acquired or discontinued during the period. All items in the above statements derive from continuing operations. There were no recognised gains or losses other than those passing through the Income Statement. The notes form an integral part of these condensed financial statements.



                                          Non-distributable reserves                      Distributable 
                             Share                               Capital    Capital      Capital 
                   Share   Premium              Special       Redemption    Reserve      Reserve    Revenue 
                 Capital   Account              Reserve          Reserve   Realised   Unrealised    Reserve     Total 
                 GBP'000   GBP'000              GBP'000          GBP'000    GBP'000      GBP'000    GBP'000   GBP'000 
--------------  --------  --------  -------------------  ---------------  ---------  -----------  ---------  -------- 
 For the 6 
 month period 
 to 31 
 August 2019 
 1 March 2019        184     5,584                9,488               56        215        (441)    (1,115)    13,971 
  losses               -         -                    -                -          -         (50)          -      (50) 
 Gain on 
  disposal of 
  investments          -         -                    -                -        154            -          -       154 
 New share 
  issue               24     1,881                    -                -          -            -          -     1,905 
 Expenses of 
  share issue          -      (37)                    -                -          -            -          -      (37) 
  buybacks for 
  cancellation       (1)         -                 (54)                1          -            -          -      (54) 
  allocated to 
  capital              -         -                    -                -       (98)            -          -      (98) 
 Change in 
  accrual in 
  Commission           -      (24)                    -                -          -            -          -      (24) 
  return after 
  tax                  -         -                    -                -          -            -       (62)      (62) 
  paid (note 
  9)                   -         -                (709)                -          -            -          -     (709) 
 31 August 
  2019               207     7,404                8,725               57        271        (491)    (1,177)    14,996 
--------------  --------  --------  -------------------  ---------------  ---------  -----------  ---------  -------- 
 For the 6 
 month period 
 to 31 
 August 2018 
 1 March 2018        116       298                9,974               56        451          171      (936)    10,130 
  gains                -         -                    -                -          -        (174)          -     (174) 
 Gain on 
  disposal of 
  investments          -         -                    -                -        104            -          -       104 
 New share 
  issue               30     2,474                    -                -          -            -          -     2,504 
 Expenses of 
  share issue          -      (90)                    -                -          -            -          -      (90) 
  buybacks for 
  cancellation         -         -                  (7)                -          -            -          -       (7) 
  allocated to 
  capital              -         -                    -                -       (72)            -          -      (72) 
 Change in 
  accrual in 
  Commission           -      (38)                    -                -          -            -          -      (38) 
  return on 
  after tax            -         -                    -                -          -            -       (75)      (75) 
 Dividend paid 
  (note 9)             -         -                (451)                -          -            -          -     (451) 
--------------  --------  --------  -------------------  ---------------  ---------  -----------  ---------  -------- 
 31 August 
  2018               146     2,644                9,516               56        483          (3)    (1,011)    11,831 
--------------  --------  --------  -------------------  ---------------  ---------  -----------  ---------  -------- 
  STATEMENT OF                        Non-distributable 
  CHANGES                                      reserves    Distributable 
  IN EQUITY                                                     reserves 
                             Share                               Capital    Capital      Capital 
                   Share   Premium              Special       Redemption    Reserve      Reserve    Revenue 
                 Capital   Account              Reserve          Reserve   Realised   Unrealised    Reserve     Total 
                 GBP'000   GBP'000              GBP'000          GBP'000    GBP'000      GBP'000    GBP'000   GBP'000 
 For the 12 
 months to 28 
 1 March 2018        116       298                9,974               56        451          171      (936)    10,130 
  losses               -         -                    -                -          -        (612)          -     (612) 
 Loss on 
  disposal of 
  investments          -         -                    -                -       (88)            -          -      (88) 
 New share 
  issue               68     5,446                    -                -          -            -          -     5,514 
 Expenses of 
  share issue          -      (98)                    -                -          -            -          -      (98) 
  buybacks for 
  cancellation         -         -                 (35)                -          -            -          -      (35) 
  allocated to 
  capital              -         -                    -                -      (148)            -          -     (148) 
 Change in 
  accrual in 
  commission           -      (62)                    -                -          -            -          -      (62) 
  return after 
  tax                  -         -                    -                -          -            -      (179)     (179) 
  paid                 -         -                (451)                -          -            -          -     (451) 
--------------  --------  --------  -------------------  ---------------  ---------  -----------  ---------  -------- 
 28 February 
  2019               184     5,584                9,488               56        215        (441)    (1,115)    13,971 
--------------  --------  --------  -------------------  ---------------  ---------  -----------  ---------  -------- 

* These figures are audited.


AS AT 31 AUGUST 2019


                                                  31 August 2019   31 August 2018   28 February 2019* 
                                           Note          GBP'000          GBP'000             GBP'000 
----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
 Fixed assets 
 Investments                                8             12,799           11,015              11,593 
 Debtors                                                      92                -                   - 
----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
                                                          12,891           11,015              11,593 
 Current assets 
 Debtors                                                     136               47               1,417 
 Cash at bank and on deposit                               2,200              950               1,176 
----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
                                                           2,336              997               2,593 
----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
 Creditors: amounts falling due within 
  one year 
  Creditors                                                (143)            (130)               (145) 
 Net current assets                                        2,193              867               2,448 
----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
 Total assets less current liabilities                    15,084           11,882              14,041 
----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
 Creditors: amounts falling due after 
  more than one year 
 IFA trail commission                                       (88)             (51)                (70) 
 Total net assets                                         14,996           11,831              13,971 
----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
 Capital and reserves 
 Called-up share capital                    6                207              146                 184 
 Share premium account                                     7,404            2,644               5,584 
 Special reserve                                           8,725            9,516               9,488 
 Capital redemption reserve                                   57               56                  56 
 Capital reserve - realised                                  271              483                 215 
 Capital reserve - unrealised                              (491)              (3)               (441) 
 Revenue reserve                                         (1,177)          (1,011)             (1,115) 
 Total shareholders' funds                                14,996           11,831              13,971 
 Net asset value per new Ordinary share 
  - basic                                   4             72.20p           81.10p               75.8p 
----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------------  ------------------ 

* These figures are audited. The notes form an integral part of these condensed financial statements.




                                                    6 Months    6 Months     12 Months 
                                                       Ended       Ended         Ended 
                                                   31 August   31 August   28 February 
                                                        2019        2018         2019* 
                                            Note     GBP'000     GBP'000       GBP'000 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Cash flow from operating activities 
 Investment income received                               18          33            47 
 Deposit interest received                                 4           2             3 
 Investment management fees paid                       (111)        (87)         (190) 
 Other cash payments                                   (144)       (114)         (213) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Net cash flow from operating activities     5         (233)       (166)         (353) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Cash flow from investing activities 
 Purchase of investments                             (1,390)     (3,357)       (6,057) 
 Sale of investments                                     196         254         1,746 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Net cash flow from investing activities             (1,194)     (3,103)       (4,311) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Cash flow from financing activities 
 Shares issued                                         3,262       2,504         4,157 
 Expenses of share issues                               (41)        (90)          (94) 
 IFA trail commission                                    (7)         (4)           (4) 
 Share buybacks for cancellation                        (54)         (7)          (35) 
 Equity dividend paid                        9         (709)       (451)         (451) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Net cash flow from financing activities               2,451       1,952         3,573 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash 
  equivalents                                          1,024     (1,317)       (1,091) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Opening cash and cash equivalents                     1,176       2,267         2,267 
 Net cash increase/(decrease)                          1,024     (1,317)       (1,091) 
 Closing cash and cash equivalents                     2,200         950         1,176 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
   * These figures are audited.    The notes form an integral part of these Accounts. 


1. Nature of Financial Information

The unaudited half-yearly financial information does not constitute statutory financial statements as defined in Section 434 of the Companies Act 2006 and has not been reviewed nor audited by the auditors. This information has been prepared on the basis of the accounting policies used in the statutory financial statements of the Company for the year ended 28 February 2019, and in accordance with FRS 104. The statutory financial statements for the year ended 28 February 2019, which contained an unqualified auditors' report, have been lodged with the Registrar of Companies, did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying the report and did not contain statements under Section 498(2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

2. Return per Share

                     6 Months Ended                6 Months Ended                12 Months Ended 
                     31 August 2019                31 August 2018               28 February 2019 
               Revenue   Capital     Total   Revenue   Capital     Total   Revenue   Capital     Total 
                 pence     pence     pence     pence     pence     pence     pence     pence     pence 
------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 Return per 
  share          (0.3)         -     (0.3)     (0.6)     (1.1)     (1.7)     (1.3)     (6.0)     (7.3) 

New Ordinary shares

Revenue return per Ordinary share is based on the net revenue loss on ordinary activities after taxation of GBP62,180 and on 20,217,168 Ordinary shares, being the weighted average number of Ordinary shares in issue during the period.

Capital return per Ordinary share is based on the net capital gain for the period of GBP6,118 and on 20,217,168 Ordinary shares, being the weighted average number of Ordinary shares in issue during the period.

Total return per Ordinary share is based on the net loss on ordinary activities for the period of GBP56,062 and on 20,217,168 Ordinary shares, being the weighted average number of Ordinary shares in issue during the period.

3. Taxation on Ordinary Activities

The estimated effective tax rate at the period end is 0 per cent. This remains unchanged from the prior year end.

4. Net Asset Value per Share

                                     31 August   31 August   28 February 
                                          2019        2018          2019 
                                         pence       Pence         Pence 
 Net asset value per new Ordinary 
  share                                   72.2        81.1          75.8 

The basic net asset value per new Ordinary share is based on net assets (including current period revenue) of GBP14,996,000 and on 20,770,422 Ordinary shares, being the number of new Ordinary shares in issue at the period end.

5. Reconciliation of Net Profit before Tax to Cash Flow from Operating Activities

                                        31 August   31 August   28 February 
                                             2019        2018          2019 
                                          GBP'000     GBP'000       GBP'000 
-------------------------------------  ----------  ----------  ------------ 
 Ordinary Share Fund 
 Loss on ordinary activities before 
  tax                                        (56)       (217)       (1,027) 
 (Gain)/loss on investments                 (104)          70           700 
 Increase in debtors                         (75)         (3)          (16) 
 Increase/(decrease) in creditors               2        (16)          (10) 
 Cash flow from operating activities        (233)       (166)         (353) 
-------------------------------------  ----------  ----------  ------------ 

6. Called up share capital

                                            31 August 
                                   Number     GBP'000 
----------------------------  -----------  ---------- 
 Ordinary shares of 1p each    20,770,422         207 

In April 2019 the Company issued 2,076,361 Ordinary shares for a total consideration of GBP1,630,725. In June 2019, 349,967 shares were issued for total consideration of GBP274,375.

In August 2019, the Company bought back and cancelled 78,279 shares.

Following the issues and cancellation noted above there were 20,770,422 Ordinary shares in issue as at 31 August 2019.

7. Contingent assets and contingent liabilities

There were no contingent assets or contingent liabilities in existence at 31 August 2019 (31 August 2018: GBPnil, 28 February 2019: GBPnil).

8. Fair Value Hierarchy

Investments held at fair value through profit or loss are valued in accordance with IPEV guidelines.

The valuation method used will be the most appropriate valuation methodology for an investment within its market, with regard to the financial health of the investment and the IPEV guidelines. As required by the Standard, an analysis of financial assets and liabilities, which identifies the risk of the Company's holding of such items is provided. The Standard requires an analysis of investments carried at fair value based on the reliability and significance of the information used to measure their fair value.

In order to provide further information on the valuation techniques used to measure assets carried at fair value, we have categorised the measurement basis into a "fair value hierarchy" as follows:

   -        Quoted market prices in active markets - "Level 1" 

Inputs to Level 1 fair values are quoted prices for identical asset in an active market. Quoted in an active market in this context means quoted prices are readily and regularly available and those prices represent actual and regularly occurring market transactions on an arm's length basis. The quoted price is usually the current bid price. The Company's investments in AIM quoted equities and money market funds are classified within this category.

   -        Valued using models with significant observable market inputs - "Level 2" 

Inputs to Level 2 fair values are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset, either directly or indirectly.

   -        Valued using models with significant unobservable market inputs - "Level 3" 

Inputs to Level 3 fair values are unobservable inputs for the asset. Unobservable inputs may have been used to measure fair value to the extent that observable inputs are not available, thereby allowing for situations in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset at the measurement date (or market information for the inputs to any valuation models). As such, unobservable inputs reflect the assumptions the Company considers that market participants would use in pricing the asset. The Company's unquoted equities and loan stock are classified within this category. Unquoted investments are valued in accordance with the IPEVCA guidelines.

                                    Level 1   Level 2   Level 3     Total 
                                    GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000   GBP'000 
                                   --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 Ordinary Share Fund 
 Opening book cost                    6,422         -     5,612    12,034 
 Opening unrealised depreciation      (362)         -      (79)     (441) 
                                   --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 Opening valuation                    6,060         -     5,533    11,593 
                                   --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 Movements in the period: 
 Purchase at cost                         -         -     1,390     1,390 
 Sales - proceeds                         -         -     (288)     (288) 
 Sales - realised gains on 
  sales                                   -         -       154       154 
 Unrealised gains realised 
  during the period                       -         -        32        32 
 Unrealised investment losses          (78)         -       (4)      (82) 
                                   --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 Closing valuation                    5,982         -     6,817    12,799 
                                   --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 Closing book cost                    6,422         -     6,868    13,290 
 Closing unrealised depreciation      (440)         -      (51)     (491) 
                                   --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 Closing valuation                    5,982         -     6,817    12,799 
                                   --------  --------  --------  -------- 

During the period there were no transfers between Levels 1, 2 or 3.

9. Dividends

For the year to 28 February 2019, the Ordinary Share Fund declared a final dividend of 3.4p per share on 20,848,701 eligible shares amounting to GBP708,852. The dividend was paid on 26 July 2019.

10. Transactions with Related Parties

John Glencross, a Director of the Company, is considered to be a related party due to his position as Chief Executive and a director of Calculus Capital Limited, the Company's Investment Manager.

Calculus Capital Limited receives an investment manager's fee from the Company. For the 6 months to 31 August 2019, Calculus Capital Limited earned GBP130,091 (31 August 2018: GBP95,748; 28 February 2019: GBP197,314). Calculus Capital Limited also earned a company secretarial fee of GBP7,500 (31 August 2018: GBP7,500; 28 February 2019: GBP15,000).

Calculus Capital Limited has taken on the expenses cap from 15 December 2015. For the 6 months to 31 August 2019, Calculus Capital Limited contributed GBP15,705 (31 August 2018: GBP15,204; 28 February 2019: GBPnil).

At 31 August 2019, there was GBP57,427 owed to Calculus Capital Limited (31 August 2018: GBP55,566; 28 February 2019: GBP54,445).

11. Transactions with Investment Managers

John Glencross, a Director of the Company, is considered to be a related party due to his position as Chief Executive and a director of Calculus Capital Limited, the Company's Investment Manager. He does not receive any remuneration from the Company. He is a director of Terrain Energy Limited.

Calculus Capital Limited receives a fee from certain portfolio companies. In the year the 31 August 2019, Calculus Capital charged a monitoring fee to , AnTech Limited, Arcis Biotechnology Holdings Limited, Arecor Limited, Blu Wireless Technology, Cloud Trade Technologies, Cornerstone Brands Limited, Duvas Technologies Limited, Essentia Analytics Limited, Every1Mobile Limited, IPV Limited, MicroEnergy Generation Services Limited, Mologic Limited, Money Dashboard Limited, Open Energy Market Limited, Oxford Biotherapeutics Limited, Park Street Shipping Limited, Quai Administration Services, Solab Group Limited, Synpromics Limited, Terrain Energy Limited, Tollan Energy Limited, Wazoku Limited, Weeding Technologies Limited and WheelRight Limited.

Calculus Capital Limited charged a fee for the provision of a director to Cloud Trade Technologies, Cornerstone Brands Limited, Essentia Analytics, Every1Mobile Limited, Open Energy Market, Pico's Limited, Terrain Energy Limited, Wazoku Limited, Weeding Technologies Limited and WheelRight Limited

Calculus Capital Limited charged an arrangement fee for certain portfolio companies. In the year 31 August 2019 Calculus Capital Limited charged an arrangement fee to Every1Mobile Limited and Wazoku Limited.

Calculus Capital Limited also charged Terrain Energy Limited for the provision of office support services.

The amount received by Calculus Capital which relates to the Company's investment was:

                                            31 August   31 August   28 February 
                                                 2019        2018          2019 
                                                  GBP         GBP           GBP 
 Air Leisure Group Limited                          -       1,189         2,377 
 AnTech Limited                                   262         507           255 
 Arcis Biotechnology Holdings Limited              91          94           187 
 Arecor Limited                                   375           -         2,712 
 Blu Wireless Technology Limited                1,314           -             - 
 Cloud Trade Technologies Limited               2,080       6,000         7,717 
 Cornerstone Brands Limited                     1,620       1,560         3,120 
 Duvas Technologies Limited                       694       6,249         7,212 
 Essentia Analytics Limited                     1,396           -         4,785 
 Every1Mobile Limited                           1,298       1,364         2,727 
 IPV Limited                                      192           -             - 
 MicroEnergy Generation Services Limited        1,014         967         1,964 
 MIP Diagnostics Limited                            -           -         6,000 
 Mologic Limited                                  378       6,177         4,394 
 Money Dashboard Limited                          341         348           696 
 Open Energy Market Limited                     1,387       1,155         2,489 
 Origin Broadband Limited                           -         663           678 
 Oxford Biotherapeutics Limited                 1,550       5,999         8,402 
 Park Street Shipping Limited                     533         475           974 
 Pico's Limited                                   557       4,638         5,283 
 Quai Administration Services Limited             698         559         1,013 
 Solab Group Limited                            1,732       2,093         4,050 
 Synpromics Limited                               180         145           290 
 Terrain Energy Limited                         1,956       1,659         3,708 
 Tollan Energy Limited                              -       1,659         1,669 
 Wazoku Limited                                10,050           -             - 
 Weeding Technologies Limited                   1,013       1,177         1,812 
 WheelRight Limited                               628           -           658 

12. Post balance sheet events

On 6 September 2019, the Company issued 1,334,399 Ordinary Shares under the prospectus approved on 13 September 2019. The Company subsequently launched a new offer 24 September 2019.

Other than as disclosed above, there have been no post balance sheet events.


 Directors                             Fund Administrator 
 Jan Ward                              Link Alternative Fund Administrators 
 Kate Cornish-Bowden                   Beaufort House 
 John Glencross                        51 New North Road 
 Claire Olsen                          Exeter EX4 4EP 
 Registered Office                     Auditors 
 104 Park Street                       BDO LLP 
 London                                55 Baker Street 
 W1K 6NF                               London W1H 7EH 
 Telephone: 020 7493 4940 
 Company Number                        Nplus1 Singer Advisory LLP 
 07142153                              One Hanover Street 
                                       London W1S 1YZ 
 Venture Capital Investments Manager   Registrars 
  And Company Secretary 
 Calculus Capital Limited              The City Partnership (UK) Limited 
 104 Park Street                       110 George Street 
 London W1K 6NF                        Edinburgh 
 Telephone: 020 7493 4940              EH2 4LH 
 Website:      Telephone: 0131 243 7210 
  Beaumont Cornish Limited 
  29 Wilson Street 
  London EC2M 2SJ 
  Telephone: 0207 628 3396 

Legal Entity Identifier: 2138005SMDWLMMNPVA90

Printed copies of the Calculus VCT plc Half Yearly Report for the six months ended 31 August 2019 have not been posted to shareholders. However, a copy can be found on the following website:

For further information, please contact:

Calculus Capital Limited

Telephone: 020 7493 4940

Neither the contents of the Company's website nor the contents of any website accessible from hyperlinks on this announcement (or any other website) are incorporated into, or form part of, this announcement.

This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact or visit



(END) Dow Jones Newswires

October 18, 2019 11:40 ET (15:40 GMT)

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