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Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Baker Steel Resources Trust Limited LSE:BSRT London Ordinary Share GG00B6686L20 ORD NPV
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  0.00 0.0% 62.25 60.50 64.00 62.25 61.75 62.25 19,834 08:00:23
Industry Sector Turnover (m) Profit (m) EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap (m)
Equity Investment Instruments 0.0 0.7 0.6 103.8 72

Baker Steel Resources Trust Ltd Half-year Report

16/09/2020 7:00am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


Baker Steel Resources (LSE:BSRT)
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RNS Number : 0886Z

Baker Steel Resources Trust Ltd

16 September 2020

BAKER STEEL RESOURCES TRUST LIMITED

(Incorporated in Guernsey with registered number 51576 under the provisions of The Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 as amended)

16 September 2020

BAKER STEEL RESOURCES TRUST LTD

(the "Company")

Half-Yearly Report and Unaudited Condensed Interim Financial Statements

For the period from 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2020

The Company has today, in accordance with DTR 6.3.5, released its Half-Yearly Report and Unaudited Condensed Interim Financial Statements for the period ended 30 June 2020. The Report is available via www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com and will shortly be submitted to the National Storage Mechanism.

Further details of the Company and its investments are available on the Company's website www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com

Enquiries:

   Baker Steel Resources Trust Limited                         +44 20 7389 8237 

Francis Johnstone

Trevor Steel

   Numis Securities Limited                                           +44 20 7260 1000 

David Benda (corporate)

James Glass (sales)

   HSBC Securities Services (Guernsey) Limited          + 44 (0)1481 717 852 

Company Secretary

 
DIRECTORS:                            Howard Myles (Chairman) 
                                      Charles Hansard 
                                      Clive Newall (resigned 15 September 2020) 
                                      Fiona Perrott-Humphrey (appointed 15 September 2020) 
                                      David Staples 
                                      (all of whom are non-executive and independent) 
 
REGISTERED OFFICE:                    Arnold House 
                                      St. Julian's Avenue 
                                      St. Peter Port 
                                      Guernsey, GY1 3NF 
                                      Channel Islands 
 
MANAGER:                              Baker Steel Capital Managers (Cayman) Limited 
                                      PO Box 309 
                                      George Town 
                                      Grand Cayman KY1-1104 
                                      Cayman Islands 
 
INVESTMENT MANAGER:                   Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP* 
                                      34 Dover Street 
                                      London W1S 4NG 
                                      United Kingdom 
 
STOCKBROKERS:                         Numis Securities Limited 
                                      10 Paternoster Square 
                                      London EC4M 7LT 
                                      United Kingdom 
 
SOLICITORS TO THE COMPANY:            Norton Rose Fulbright LLP 
(as to English law)                   3 More London Riverside 
                                      London SE1 2AQ 
                                      United Kingdom 
 
ADVOCATES TO THE COMPANY:             Ogier 
(as to Guernsey law)                  Redwood House 
                                      St. Julian's Avenue 
                                      St. Peter Port 
                                      Guernsey GY1 1WA 
                                      Channel Islands 
 
ADMINISTRATOR & COMPANY SECRETARY:    HSBC Securities Services (Guernsey) Limited 
                                      Arnold House 
                                      St. Julian's Avenue 
                                      St. Peter Port 
                                      Guernsey GY1 3NF 
                                      Channel Islands 
 
 

* The Investment Manager was authorised as an Alternative Investment Fund Manager ("AIFM") for the purpose of

the   Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive ("AIFMD") on 22 July 2014. 
 
                                                                                                                       HSBC 
                                                                                                                       Securities 
                                                                                                                       Services 
SUB-ADMINISTRATOR TO THE COMPANY:                                                                                      (Ireland) DAC 
                                                                                                                       1 Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Square 
                                                                                                                       Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Harbour 
                                                                                                                       Dublin 2 
                                                                                                                       Ireland 
 
                                                                                                                       HSBC France, 
CUSTODIAN TO THE COMPANY:                                                                                              Dublin Branch 
                                                                                                                       1 Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Square 
                                                                                                                       Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Harbour 
                                                                                                                       Dublin 2 
                                                                                                                       Ireland 
 
                                                                                                        SAFEKEEPING 
                                                                                                        AND             HSBC France, 
                                                                                                        MONITORING      Dublin 
                                                                                                        AGENT:          Branch 
                                                                                                                       1 Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Square 
                                                                                                                       Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Harbour 
                                                                                                                       Dublin 2 
                                                                                                                       Ireland 
 
AUDITOR:                                                                                                               BDO Limited 
                                                                                                                       P O Box 180 
                                                                                                                       Place du Pre 
                                                                                                                       Rue du Pre 
                                                                                                                       St. Peter 
                                                                                                                       Port 
                                                                                                                       Guernsey GY1 
                                                                                                                       3LL 
                                                                                                                       Channel 
                                                                                                                       Islands 
 
REGISTRAR:                                                                                                             Computershare 
                                                                                                                       Investor 
                                                                                                                       Services 
                                                                                                                       (Jersey) 
                                                                                                                       Limited 
                                                                                                                       Queensway 
                                                                                                                       House 
                                                                                                                       Hilgrove 
                                                                                                                       Street 
                                                                                                                       St Helier 
                                                                                                                       JE11ES 
                                                                                                                       Jersey 
 
UK PAYING AGENT AND TRANSFER AGENT:                                                                                    Computershare 
                                                                                                                       Investor 
                                                                                                                       Services 
                                                                                                                       (Jersey) 
                                                                                                                       Limited 
                                                                                                                       Queensway 
                                                                                                                       House 
                                                                                                                       Hilgrove 
                                                                                                                       Street 
                                                                                                                       St Helier 
                                                                                                                       JE11ES 
                                                                                                                       Jersey 
 
RECEIVING AGENT:                                                                                                       Computershare 
                                                                                                                       Investor 
                                                                                                                       Services 
                                                                                                                       (Jersey) 
                                                                                                                       Limited 
                                                                                                                       Queensway 
                                                                                                                       House 
                                                                                                                       Hilgrove 
                                                                                                                       Street 
                                                                                                                       St Helier 
                                                                                                                       JE11ES 
                                                                                                                       Jersey 
 
PRINCIPAL BANKER:                                                                                                      HSBC Bank plc 
                                                                                                                       8 Canada 
                                                                                                                       Square 
                                                                                                                       London E14 
                                                                                                                       5HQ 
                                                                                                                       United 
                                                                                                                       Kingdom 
 

CHAIRMAN'S STATEMENT

For the period from 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2020

During the first six months of 2020, the unaudited net asset value per share rose 4.5% to 77.2p. The market for mining shares was extremely volatile during the period, falling sharply in March 2020 along with the rest of the markets and then recovering strongly in the second quarter with the EMIX Global Mining Index rising 5.8% in Sterling terms during the half year.

COVID-19

The first half of the year was dominated by the COVID-19 pandemic and commodities and mining both experienced high levels of volatility. After an initial fall, they rebounded strongly as the market reacted to the potential inflationary risks that might arise as a result of high spending and borrowing from governments around the world and the positive effect this would have on real assets such as commodities. The rise has been led by gold which is often a lead indicator but base metals such as copper and tin have also recently participated in this bullish environment recovering strongly ahead of potential government spending on infrastructure in particular where it involves electrification projects.

Generally, producing mines in most parts of the world were not overly impacted by the spread of the disease as most modern mines are highly mechanised and able to continue operations under social distancing rules. The Investment Manager comments in their report on the effects of COVID-19 on individual investee companies' operations, but most of the investments are not yet in operation and so have not been greatly affected. During this period the Company has not made any new investments but sought to ensure that its existing portfolio had sufficient working capital to continue progressing projects.

The Company has been able to operate efficiently during the global lockdown with the full use of video conferencing and other electronic media. The main issue has been the Investment Manager's inability to visit potential and existing operations due to travel restrictions. However, as the Company is currently fully invested there is no urgency to visit new prospects and in the meantime, the Investment Manager has continued to keep in close contact with the management of all the Company's investments.

Liquidity Diversification

During May 2020, the Company decided to diversify the liquid portion (listed securities) of its portfolio in the light of the prevailing volatile markets. The Company's relatively large holdings in Polymetal International Plc and Ivanhoe Mines Ltd were reduced and the cash generated from these sales was reinvested in a spread of listed gold and silver shares utilising the research and expertise of the Investment Manager's highly rated gold and precious metals team. Although the primary aim of this strategy has been to diversify risk whilst maintaining liquidity to provide working capital until the funds are required for reinvestment in the Company's core strategy, it has also proved to be a financially rewarding exercise with the listed precious metals part of the portfolio rising approximately [42%] from 31 May 2020 to 30 August 2020. This has added approximately 2.2.% to the Company's NAV during this period.

Board Succession

As discussed in the Chairman's report within the 31 December 2019 annual audited financial statements, the Board has put in place a succession plan to "refresh" the Board whilst maintaining continuity. We are pleased to announce that Fiona Perrott-Humphrey has now joined the Board. Fiona was formerly Head of Mining Research for Europe and South Africa at Citigroup. She is now a director of AIM Mining Research and founding director of a strategic mining consulting business, and an Adviser on the mining sector to Rothschild and Co. She replaces Clive Newall, and I want to thank Clive for his invaluable contribution to the Company since its formation.

Outlook

The second half of 2020 promises to be eventful with Bilboes Gold and Nussir both seeking finance or a partner to fund the development of their gold and copper projects respectively after completing positive Definitive Feasibility Studies earlier this year. Generally, there remain significant uncertainties as a result of actual and potential measures introduced to combat the Covid pandemic. However, with the gold price having risen to over $2,000 per ounce during late July, exceeding its previous high reached in 2011 and currently still close to that level, and with a recent increase in the copper price, it may be an opportune time to bring these companies to the market. If the recent recovery in commodity prices continues, especially gold and silver, and with long term low or negative real interest rates, a rapid expansion of debt, historically high levels of economic stimulus and the potential for growing inflationary pressures, real assets such as commodities and mining should become increasingly attractive.

Howard Myles

Chairman

15 September 2020

INVESTMENT MANAGER'S REPORT

For the period from 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2020

Financial Performance

The unaudited Net Asset Value per Ordinary Share ("NAV") as at 30 June 2020 was 77.2 pence, an increase of 4.5% in the period but a decrease of 21.1% from the Company's first NAV calculated on 30 April 2010. During the period the EMIX Global Mining Index was up 5.8% (up 5.3% since 30 April 2010) in Sterling terms.

For the purpose of calculating the NAV per share, unquoted investments were carried at fair value as at 30 June 2020 as determined by the Directors and quoted investments were carried at their quoted prices as at 30 June 2020.

Net assets at 30 June 2020 comprised the following:

 
 
                                GBPm     % of net assets 
 Unquoted Investments           75.9                92.4 
 Quoted Investments              5.0                 6.0 
 Cash and other net assets       1.3                 1.6 
                             -------  ------------------ 
                                82.2               100.0 
 

Investment Update

 
 Largest 10 Holdings - 30 June 2020     % of NAV 
 Bilboes Gold Limited                       21.5 
 Futura Resources Limited                   16.2 
 Polar Acquisition Limited                  11.4 
 Cemos Group Plc                             8.9 
 Tungsten West Limited                       8.0 
 Azarga Metals Corporation                   4.9 
 Anglo Saxony Mining Limited                 4.3 
 Mines & Metals Trading (Peru) Plc           4.1 
 Nussir ASA                                  3.9 
 Black Pearl Limited Partnership             3.4 
                                       --------- 
                                            86.6 
 Other Investments                          11.8 
 Cash and other net assets                   1.6 
                                           100.0 
                                       ========= 
 
 
 Largest 10 Holdings - 31 December 2019    % of NAV 
 Bilboes Gold Limited                          15.9 
 Futura Resources Limited                      15.0 
 Polar Acquisition Limited                     11.3 
 Cemos Group Plc                               10.0 
 Tungsten West Limited                          8.0 
 Polymetal International Plc                    6.1 
 Anglo Saxony Mining Limited                    4.6 
 Mines & Metals Trading (Peru) Plc              4.4 
 Nussir ASA                                     4.1 
 Sarmin Minerals Exploration                    3.7 
                                               83.1 
 Other Investments                             14.6 
 Cash and other net assets                      2.3 
                                          --------- 
                                              100.0 
                                          ========= 
 

Review

At the end of June 2020, Baker Steel Resources Trust Limited (the "Company", "BSRT") was fully invested. During the first half of 2020 the Company did not make any new core investments though it did decide to diversify its holdings of Polymetal and Ivanhoe Mines into a broader base of highly liquid listed precious metals shares. As a result of the significant uncertainty brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, it was decided to diversify the liquid holdings in the portfolio in order to ensure the availability of funds if necessary to help the Company's existing investments to weather any difficulties suffered as a result of the pandemic and keep their projects moving forward. In accordance with this strategy, the Company made top-up investments in Nussir, Futura, Mines and Metals Trading (Peru), PRISM, Azarga Metals Corp and Anglo Saxony Mining.

During the first half of 2020, commodities were generally volatile initially falling in March 2020 (as the scale of the COVID-19 pandemic became apparent) but then rapidly recovering led by gold (up 17.4%) as the market considered the consequences of global governments' substantial borrowing to alleviate the lockdowns in their economies. The main exception to this recovery was coking coal which fell 23% during the first half of the year. As a result, Futura has delayed the start-up of its Wilton and Fairhill metallurgical coal mines in Queensland until the market for its product stabilises. The price of iron ore, the other main component for producing steel, has remained strong (up 8% during the first 6 months of 2020) which suggests that demand for coking coal will recover later this year.

The Company's largest investment, Bilboes Gold Limited released the results of its Definitive Feasibility Study ("DFS") on its Isabella/McCays/Bubi gold project in Zimbabwe at the end of January 2020. The DFS defined an open pit gold mine with a peak production rate of 203,000 ounces of gold per year averaging 170,000 ounces of gold over a ten year mine life. There remains significant exploration upside potential at the project to extend this life further. The peak funding requirement for the project is US$231 million with cash operating costs of US$691 per ounce of gold and All-in Sustaining Costs of US$790 per ounce of gold. At a gold price of US$1,500 per ounce, the project economics show an after tax NPV (10%) of US$236 million with an internal rate of return of 33% and a payback on investment of just over one year. With the gold price having recently peaked over US$2,000 per ounce, this would add approximately US$85 million of revenue per annum to the project. Bilboes has engaged London based resource specialist investment bank, Hannam & Partners, as its advisor to raise the finance to fund the development of the mine or potentially for its sale. To date there has been significant interest in the project from both financiers and industry and it is hoped that the position will be resolved prior to the year end. The main potential difficulty to this timetable will be the ability of interested parties to visit the mine due to the current requirement for quarantine on visiting Zimbabwe.

The Company continues to hold a royalty interest in the Prognoz silver project in far east Russia, which Polymetal has suggested will produce approximately 20 million ounces of silver per annum over an 18 year period. The results of a pre-feasibility study on the project are due to be released this year. If the recent strong performance of the silver price is maintained this royalty could become an important income stream for the Company.

Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, Cemos Group PLC achieved a new monthly sales record of 22,912 tonnes (t) of cement in June 2020, representing 92% of installed capacity at its Tarfaya plant in Morocco. In addition, June quarter sales of 51,484t of cement beat the previous quarterly record. To date Cemos' operations have been largely unaffected by the COVID-19 pandemic with no cases recorded amongst its staff, subcontractors or clients. However, in the light of recent increases in the reported infection levels in the Saharan regions of Morocco, Cemos has implemented protocols aimed at minimising the COVID-19 risk. Cemos is targeting 200,000t in cement sales and approximately EUR25 million revenue for 2020, an increase of more than 60% over 2019. It is continuing its investment program with the installation of two additional 150t capacity cement silos in July which will allow it to expand its product range to differing strength cements, as well as preparations for the installation of a second bag-packing unit, and expansion of the cement grinding capacity.

During June 2020, Tungsten West Ltd completed a technical and economic update on its Hemerdon tungsten mine in Devon, UK. The technical update supported a financial model for a mine producing a post-tax NPV (5%) of GBP306m, based on capital costs to restart the mine of GBP35m and a project IRR of 111%. The project has a mine life of 23 years with the potential for this to be extended, which produces an estimated EBITDA of GBP35 million per annum with a project breakeven price of US$135/metric tonne unit APT (ammonium paratungstate) which would position it in the lowest cost quartile of tungsten mines globally. Tungsten West is currently progressing a Definitive Feasibility Study planned for the first half of next year.

The Company's investment most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic was Mines & Metals Trading (Peru) PLC (MMTP), which owns the Recuperada silver/lead/zinc mine in Peru. Initially, the government of Peru closed down all mines and when MMTP was able to restart its operations it was only able to do so on a limited basis, albeit with the rise in the price of silver and the recovery in the prices of lead and zinc, the operations are still able to generate positive cashflow. In March 2020, the Company increased its loans to MMTP by US$1 million to provide it with additional working capital.

In March 2020, Nussir completed a positive definitive feasibility study into its Nussir/Ulveryggen in northern Norway. The DFS was based on a mine producing approximately 15,000 tonnes of copper per annum with a pre-production capital cost of US$76.1 million. At a long term copper price of US$6,500 per tonne the economic model gave an NPV (6%) of US$132.6 million with an IRR of 23%. Nussir is fully licenced and is currently examining its options as to the best way to fund the mine development and realise the value of the project as well as investigating the potential for developing the mine on a fully electric basis.

Elsewhere in the Company's portfolio, TSXV listed Azarga Metals reported positive results of the 2019-2020 Phase 2 drilling program on its Unkur Copper-Silver Project in Eastern Russia which demonstrated that the copper-silver mineralization is confirmed over a strike length of 5.5 kilometres - an extension of 2.1 kilometres over the previous strike. A revised mineral resource statement is expected in the second half of this year. Anglo Saxony Mining completed a pre-feasibility study on its Tellerhauser tin project in Saxony, Germany in April 2020. The study provided a Base Case that suggests a positive pre-tax cash flow of EUR93 million over a 12-year mine life with a NPV (5%) of EUR35 million and an IRR of 10.8% using a US$20,500/t tin price. The project is very sensitive to the tin price but with tin forecast to be one of the main beneficiaries of the electrification process, a significant tin mine in Europe is likely to be of strategic importance. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a two months delay in Sarmin's feasibility study for its Kanga Potash Project in the Republic of Congo, which is now due for completion in September 2020.

During May 2020, the Company decided to diversify the liquid portion of its portfolio which it considered to be prudent particularly in the light of current volatile markets. Accordingly, the majority of the Company's holdings in Polymetal International Plc and Ivanhoe Mines Ltd were sold and the cash generated from these sales was reinvested in a spread of listed precious metal shares. The timing of this has been opportune with the listed precious metal portfolio rising approximately 42% between 31 May 2020 and the end of August adding approximately 2.2% to the Company's NAV over this period.

 
   At 30 June 2020                       Price / Index   % Change in   % Change from 
                                             Level        Six Months     Inception 
   Net Asset Value (pence/share)             77.2           +4.5%            -21.1%* 
                                        --------------  ------------  -------------- 
   Ordinary Share Price (pence/share)        55.0           +0.9%           -45.0%** 
                                        --------------  ------------  -------------- 
   EMIX Global Mining Index (GBP)           907.43          +5.8%              +5.3% 
                                        --------------  ------------  -------------- 
   Chinese Import Iron Ore Fines 62% 
    Fe spot (US$)                            98.45          +8.3%             -44.3% 
                                        --------------  ------------  -------------- 
   Copper (US$/t)                            6,004          -2.3%             -19.4% 
                                        --------------  ------------  -------------- 
   Gold (US$/oz)                             1,781         +17.4%             +52.5% 
                                        --------------  ------------  -------------- 
   Silver (US$/oz)                           18.21          +2.0%              +0.2% 
                                        --------------  ------------  -------------- 
 

Source: Bloomberg closing 27/4/10, **Issue price 28/4/10, * NAV 30/4/10

It is not expected that there will be any significant effect on the operations of the Company should there be a disorderly departure by the UK from the European Union with service providers expecting to able to continue providing the same level of service post Brexit. In the event of a fall in the value of Sterling against other major currencies, this would be expected to result in an increase in the net asset value of the Company in Sterling terms as the majority of the Company's investments are denominated in currencies other than Sterling and the underlying commodities of the projects in which the Company is invested are generally traded in US Dollars. Conversely a rise in the value of Sterling would have a negative effect. Other than Tungsten West Ltd almost all the operations of the Company's investments are outside the UK and therefore would not be directly affected.

Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP

Investment Manager

September 2020

DIRECTORS' REPORT

For the period from 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2020

The Directors of the Company present the Half-Yearly Report and Unaudited Condensed Interim Financial Statements for the six months ended 30 June 2020.

The Directors' Report contains information that covers this period and the period up to the date of publication of this Report. Please note that more up to date information is available on the Company's website www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com .

Principal activity and business review

Baker Steel Resources Trust Limited (the "Company") is a closed-ended investment company with limited liability incorporated on 9 March 2010 in Guernsey under the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 with registration number 51576. The Company is a registered closed-ended investment scheme registered pursuant to the Protection of Investors (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 1987, as amended ("POI Law") and the Registered Collective Investment Scheme Rules 2015 issued by the Guernsey Financial Services Commission ("GFSC"). On 28 April 2010 the Ordinary Shares and Subscription Shares of the Company were admitted to the Official List of the UK Listing Authority and to trading on the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange, Premium Segment.

Investment Objective

The Company's investment objective is to seek capital growth over the long-term through a focused, global portfolio consisting principally of the equities, loans or related instruments of natural resources companies. The Company invests predominantly in unlisted companies (i.e. those companies that have not yet made an initial public offering ("IPO")) but also in listed securities (including special situations opportunities and less liquid securities) with a view to making attractive investment returns through the uplift in value resulting from the development progression of the investee companies' projects and through exploiting value inherent in market inefficiencies and pricing anomalies.

Performance

During the period ended 30 June 2020, the Company's NAV per Ordinary Share increased by 4.5% and the share price increased 0.5p on the London Stock Exchange. This compares with a rise in the EMIX Global Mining Index (capital return in Sterling terms) of 5.8%%. A more detailed explanation of the performance of the Company is provided within the Investment Manager's Report on pages 4 to 6.

The results for the period are shown in the Statement of Comprehensive Income on pages 14 and 15 and the Company's financial position at the end of the period is shown in the Statement of Financial Position on page 13.

Dividend and distribution policy

During the year ended 31 December 2015 the Board introduced a capital returns policy whereby, subject to applicable laws and regulations, it will allocate cash for distributions to shareholders. The amount to be distributed will be calculated and paid following publication of the Company's audited financial statements for each year and will be no less than 15% of the aggregate net realised cash gains (after deducting losses) in that financial year. The Board will retain discretion for determining the most appropriate manner to make such distribution which may include share buybacks, tender offers and dividend payments.

Directors and their interests

The Directors of the Company who served during the period and up until the date of signing of the financial statements are:

 
         Howard Myles (Chairman) 
         Charles Hansard 
         Clive Newall (resigned 15 September 2020) 
         Fiona Perrott-Humphrey (appointed 15 September 2020) 
         David Staples 
 

Biographical details of each of the Directors who were on the Board of the Company at the time of signing the annual report and financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2019 ("the Annual Report") are presented on page 17 of that report.

Fiona Perrot-Humphrey was formerly Head of Mining Research for Europe and South Africa at Citigroup. She is now a director of AIM Mining Research and founding director of a mining strategic consulting business, and an Adviser on the mining sector to Rothschild and Co.

Each of the Directors is considered to be independent in character and judgement.

The Directors' interests in the share capital of the Company were:

 
                                        Number of                   Number of 
                                  Ordinary Shares             Ordinary Shares 
                                     30 June 2020            31 December 2019 
         Clive Newall                      25,000                      25,000 
 

Attendance at the Board and Audit Committee meetings during the period was as follows:

 
                                              Audit Committee 
                       Board Meetings             Meetings 
                    He Held     Attended        Held     Attended 
 Howard Myles          2          2           2            2 
 Clive Newall          2          2           2            2 
 Charles Hansard       2          2           2           N/A 
 David Staples         2          2           2            2 
 

In addition to the quarterly meetings, ad hoc Board and committee meetings are convened as required. All Directors contribute to a significant ad hoc exchange of views between the Directors and the Investment Manager on specific matters, in particular in relation to valuation and developments in the portfolio.

The Directors are remunerated for their services at such rate as the Directors determine provided that the aggregate amount of such fees may not exceed GBP200,000 per annum (or such sum as the Company in general meeting shall from time to time determine).

For the period ended 30 June 2020 the total remuneration of the Directors was GBP57,500 (30 June 2019: GBP57,500), with GBP28,750 payable at 30 June 2020 (31 December 2019: GBP28,750).

Authorised share capital

The share capital of the Company on incorporation was represented by an unlimited number of Ordinary Shares of no par value. The Company may issue an unlimited number of shares of a nominal or par value and/or of no par value or a combination of both.

Shares in issue

The Company was admitted to trading on the London Stock Exchange on 28 April 2010. The Company had a total of 106,453,335 Ordinary and 9,167 Management Ordinary Shares totalling 106,462,502 Ordinary Shares in issue as at 30 June 2020, of which 700,000 Ordinary Shares were held in Treasury.

Going concern

Having reassessed the principal and emerging risks described on pages 14 and 15 of the 31 December 2019 Annual Report, and the other matters discussed in connection with the viability statement as set out on pages 15 and 16 of the said report, the Directors consider it is appropriate to adopt the going concern basis in preparing these interim Financial Statements. As at 30 June 2020, approximately 7.6% of the Company's assets were represented by cash and unrestricted listed and quoted investments which are readily realisable. This is well over three times the Company's annual total expense ratio.

Related party transactions

Transactions with related parties are based on terms equivalent to those that prevail in an arm's length transaction and are disclosed in Note 9.

Principal and emerging risks

The principal and emerging risks facing the Company, which include market and financial risk and portfolio management and performance risk, are considered in details, on pages 14 and 15 of the 31 December 2019 Annual Report which is available on the Company's website www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com. The Directors do not consider that these risks have materially changed during the period ended 30 June 2020 and do not expect any changes in the second half of 2020.

Directors' responsibility statement

The Directors confirm that to the best of their knowledge:

- the condensed set of financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") as adopted by the European Union ("EU") and give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities and financial position and profit or loss of the Company; and

- the Interim Management Report includes a fair review of the information required by 4.2.7R and 4.2.8R of the FCA's Disclosure and Transparency Rules.

Corporate governance compliance

As described in the Company's Annual Report, the Board has considered the principles and recommendations set out in UK Corporate Governance Code that was revised in 2018 and is effective for periods commencing on or after 1 January 2019 (the "UK Code") issued by the Financial Reporting Council (the "FRC"). Page 21 of the 31 December 2019 Annual Report presents and explains those matters where the Company has not complied with the UK Code. There is no change in compliance since the Annual Report.

Signed for and on behalf of the Directors:

Howard Myles

Chairman

15 September 2020

 
 
 UNAUDITED PORTFOLIO STATEMENT 
  AS AT 30 JUNE 2020 
     Shares   Investments                               Fair value   % of Net 
 /Warrants/                                         GBP equivalent     assets 
    Nominal 
              Listed equity shares 
 
              Australian Dollars 
    199,000   Regis Resources Limited                      579,254       0.70 
  1,440,000   Resolute Mining Limited                      911,388       1.11 
 
              Australian Dollars Total                   1,490,642       1.81 
                                                   ---------------  --------- 
 
              Canadian Dollars 
  3,604,726   Azarga Metals Corporation                    203,339       0.25 
     30,000   Endeavour Mining Corporation                 585,170       0.71 
 
              Canadian Dollars Total                       788,509       0.96 
                                                   ---------------  --------- 
 
              Great Britain Pounds 
     46,000   Fresnillo Plc                                387,044       0.47 
     32,000   Polymetal International Plc                  516,000       0.63 
 
              Great Britain Pounds Total                   903,044       1.10 
                                                   ---------------  --------- 
 
              United States Dollars 
    345,000   Harmony Gold Mining Company Limited        1,161,982       1.41 
    197,000   Iamgold Corporation                          628,503       0.77 
 
              United States Dollars Total                1,790,485       2.18 
                                                   ---------------  --------- 
 
              Total investment in listed equity 
               shares                                    4,972,680       6.05 
                                                   ---------------  --------- 
 
              Debt instruments 
 
              Australian Dollars 
        200   Futura Resources Limited                   7,360,698       8.96 
 
              Australian Dollars Total                   7,360,698       8.96 
                                                   ---------------  --------- 
 
              Canadian Dollars 
              PRISM Diversified Limited Loan Note 
    305,000    1                                           134,278       0.16 
              PRISM Diversified Limited Loan Note 
    250,500    2                                           427,843       0.52 
 
              Canadian Dollars Total                       562,121       0.68 
                                                   ---------------  --------- 
 
              Euro 
        987   Cemos Group                                4,228,984       5.15 
 
              Euro Total                                 4,228,984       5.15 
                                                   ---------------  --------- 
 
 
 
 
       Shares   Investments                                     Fair value     % of Net 
   /Warrants/                                               GBP equivalent       assets 
      Nominal 
                Debt instruments (Continued) 
 
                Great Britain Pounds 
    2,000,000   Anglo Saxony Mining Limited                      2,996,124         3.65 
                Tungsten West Limited Convertible 
   16,666,667    Loan Note                                       5,134,844         6.25 
 
                Great Britain Pounds Total                       8,130,968         9.90 
                                                           ---------------  ----------- 
 
                United States Dollars 
                Azarga Metals Secured Convertible 
    3,500,000    Loan Note                                       3,541,554         4.31 
                Bilboes Holdings Convertible Loan 
      440,000    Note                                            2,204,656         2.68 
      220,000   Bilboes Holdings Loan Note                         193,252         0.24 
    7,009,332   Black Pearl Limited Partnership                  2,826,912         3.44 
    5,000,000   Mines & Metals Trading (Peru) Plc                3,231,520         3.93 
 
                United States Dollars Total                     11,997,894        14.60 
                                                           ---------------  ----------- 
 
                Total investments in debt instruments           32,280,665        39.29 
                                                           ---------------  ----------- 
 
                Unlisted equity shares, warrants and 
                 royalties 
 
                Australian Dollars 
    7,800,000   Futura Gross Revenue Royalty                     5,180,370         6.31 
    1,018,030   Futura Resources Limited                           749,341         0.91 
   56,011,015   Indian Pacific Resources Limited                   331,073         0.40 
 
                Australian Dollars Total                         6,260,784         7.62 
                                                           ---------------  ----------- 
 
                Canadian Dollars 
                Azarga Metals Convertible Loan Note 
   13,490,414    Warrants 12/04/2021                               292,842       0.36 
   13,083,936   PRISM Diversified Ltd                            1,033,119         1.26 
                PRISM Diversified Limited Warrants 
    1,000,000    31/12/2023                                         33,518         0.04 
 
                Canadian Dollars Total                           1,359,479         1.66 
                                                           ---------------  ----------- 
 
                Great Britain Pounds 
    6,425,001   Anglo Saxony Mining Limited                        514,000         0.63 
    1,594,646   Celadon Mining Limited                              15,946         0.02 
   24,004,167   Cemos Group plc                                  3,068,237         3.73 
  122,760,000   Metals Exploration Plc (suspended)                 613,800         0.75 
    7,869,319   Tungsten West Limited                            1,514,844         1.84 
 
                Great Britain Pounds Total                       5,726,827         6.97 
                                                           ---------------  ----------- 
 
 
       Shares   Investments                                     Fair value   % of Net 
   /Warrants/                                               GBP equivalent     assets 
      Nominal 
                Unlisted equity shares, warrants and 
                 royalties (continued) 
 
                Norwegian Krone 
   12,785,361   Nussir ASA                                       3,208,313       3.91 
 
                Norwegian Krone Total                            3,208,313       3.91 
                                                           ---------------  --------- 
 
                United States Dollars 
 
      451,445   Bilboes Gold Limited                            15,240,096      18.55 
    4,244,550   Gobi Coal & Energy Limited                         161,129       0.20 
       15,349   Mines & Metals Trading (Peru) Plc                  117,843       0.14 
       16,352   Polar Acquisition Limited                        9,360,454      11.39 
       56,042   Sarmin Minerals Exploration                      2,179,034       2.65 
 
                United States Dollars Total                     27,058,556      32.93 
                                                           ---------------  --------- 
 
                Total Unlisted equity shares and warrants       43,613,959      53.09 
                                                           ---------------  --------- 
 
                Financial assets held at fair value 
                 through profit or loss                         80,867,304      98.43 
                                                           ---------------  --------- 
 
                Other Assets & Liabilities                       1,288,508       1.57 
                                                           ---------------  --------- 
 
                Total Equity                                    82,155,812     100.00 
                                                           ---------------  --------- 
 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION 
  AS AT 30 JUNE 2020 
                                                           Unaudited        Audited 
                                                             30 June    31 December 
                                                                2020           2019 
                                                 Notes           GBP            GBP 
 Assets 
 Cash and cash equivalents                                   493,274        659,757 
 Interest receivables                                        988,449      1,266,886 
 Other receivables                                            24,788         17,284 
 Financial assets held at fair value through 
  profit or loss                                   3      80,867,304     76,932,117 
 Total assets                                             82,373,815     78,876,044 
                                                        ------------  ------------- 
 
 Equity and Liabilities 
 
 Liabilities 
 Directors' fees payable                           9          28,750         28,750 
 Management fees payable                          7,9         85,215         85,447 
 Administration fees payable                                  67,676         42,447 
 Audit fees payable                                           24,500         49,000 
 Custodian fees payable                                        6,583          6,338 
 Other payables                                                5,279            752 
 Total liabilities                                           218,003        212,734 
                                                        ------------  ------------- 
 
 Equity 
 Management Ordinary Shares                        8           9,167          9,167 
 Ordinary Shares                                   8      75,972,688     75,972,688 
 Retained reserves                                         6,173,957      2,681,455 
 Total equity                                             82,155,812     78,663,310 
                                                        ------------  ------------- 
 
 Total equity and liabilities                             82,373,815     78,876,044 
                                                        ============  ============= 
 
 Net Asset Value per Ordinary Share (in 
  Pence) - Basic and Diluted                       5            77.2           73.9 
 
 
 
 These unaudited condensed financial statements on pages 13 to 29 were 
  approved by the Board of Directors on 15 September 2020 and signed 
  on its behalf by: 
 
 
 
 
 Howard Myles 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME 
  FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2020 TO 30 JUNE 2020 
 
                                                     Unaudited       Unaudited       Unaudited 
                                                  period ended    period ended    period ended 
                                                       30 June         30 June         30 June 
                                                          2020            2020            2020 
                                                       Revenue         Capital           Total 
                                         Notes             GBP             GBP             GBP 
 
 Income 
 Loan guarantee income                   2(e)                -               -               - 
 Interest Income                                       684,545               -         684,545 
 Dividend Income                         2(g)          117,212               -         117,212 
 Net gain on financial assets at 
  fair value through profit or loss        3                 -       3,420,604       3,420,604 
 Net foreign exchange gain                                   -          33,349          33,349 
 Net income                                            801,757       3,453,953       4,255,710 
                                                --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Expenses 
 Management fees                          7,9          494,503               -         494,503 
 Directors' fees                           9            57,500               -          57,500 
 Administration fees                                    53,960               -          53,960 
 Other expenses                                         50,474               -          50,474 
 Custody fees                                           40,276               -          40,276 
 Audit fees                                             28,450               -          28,450 
 Broker fees                                            26,003               -          26,003 
 Directors' expenses                                     7,511               -           7,511 
 Legal fees                                              4,531               -           4,531 
 Total expenses                                        763,208               -         763,208 
                                                --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Net gain for the period                                38,549       3,453,953       3,492,502 
                                                ==============  ==============  ============== 
 
 Net gain for the period per Ordinary 
  Share: 
 Basic and Diluted (in pence)              5              0.04            3.24            3.28 
 
 
In the period ended 30 June 2020 there were no other gains or losses than those recognised 
 above. 
 
The Directors consider all results to derive from continuing activities. 
 
The format of the Statement of Comprehensive Income follows the recommendations of the AIC 
 Statement of Recommended Practice. 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME 
  FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2019 TO 30 JUNE 2019 
                                                     Unaudited       Unaudited       Unaudited 
                                                  period ended    period ended    period ended 
                                                       30 June         30 June         30 June 
                                                          2019            2019            2019 
                                                       Revenue         Capital           Total 
                                         Notes             GBP             GBP             GBP 
 
 Income 
 Loan guarantee income                   2(e)          193,577               -         193,577 
 Interest Income                                       917,890               -         917,890 
 Dividend Income                         2(g)          392,902               -         392,902 
 Net gain on financial assets at 
  fair value through profit or loss        3                 -       9,375,615       9,375,615 
 Net foreign exchange loss                                   -        (40,385)        (40,385) 
 Net income                                          1,504,369       9,335,230      10,839,599 
                                                --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Expenses 
 Management fees                          7,9          463,784               -         463,784 
 Directors' fees                           9            52,021               -          52,021 
 Administration fees                                    57,500               -          57,500 
 Other expenses                                         50,636               -          50,636 
 Custody fees                                           36,901               -          36,901 
 Audit fees                                             22,500               -          22,500 
 Broker fees                                            19,688               -          19,688 
 Directors' expenses                                    11,620               -          11,620 
 Legal fees                                              9,388               -           9,388 
 Total expenses                                        724,038               -         724,038 
                                                --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Net gain for the period                               780,331       9,335,230      10,115,561 
                                                ==============  ==============  ============== 
 
 Net gain for the period per Ordinary 
  Share: 
 Basic and Diluted (in pence)              5              0.70            8.20            8.90 
 
 
 
In the period ended 30 June 2019 there were no other gains or losses than those recognised 
 above. 
 
The Directors consider all results to derive from continuing activities. 
 
The format of the Income Statement follows the recommendations of the AIC Statement of Recommended 
 Practice. 
 
 
                                                UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY 
                                                        FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2020 TO 30 JUNE 2020 
 
                              Management                               Retained        Profit 
                                Ordinary     Ordinary     Treasury      revenue      and loss 
                                  Shares       Shares       Shares      reserve       account       Period 
                                                                                    (Capital)          end 
                                     GBP          GBP          GBP          GBP           GBP          GBP 
 
 Balance as at 1 January 
  2020                             9,167   76,113,180    (140,492)   10,808,636   (8,127,181)   78,663,310 
 Net gain for the 
  period                               -            -            -       38,549     3,453,953    3,492,502 
 
 Balance as at 30 
  June 2020                        9,167   76,113,180    (140,492)   10,847,185   (4,673,228)   82,155,812 
                           =============  ===========  ===========  ===========  ============  =========== 
 

Note: 8 8

UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2019 TO 30 JUNE 2019

 
 
                              Management                                   Profit         Profit 
                                Ordinary      Ordinary     Treasury      and loss       and loss 
                                  Shares        Shares       Shares       account        account        Period 
                                                                        (Revenue)      (Capital)           end 
                                     GBP           GBP          GBP           GBP            GBP           GBP 
 
 Balance as at 1 January 
  2019                            10,000    81,165,017    (140,492)    10,104,409   (25,111,150)    66,027,784 
 Redemption of Ordinary 
  Shares                           (833)   (4,934,681)            -             -              -   (4,935,514) 
 Expenses related 
  to Tender offer                      -      (90,688)            -             -              -      (90,688) 
 Net gain for the 
  period                               -             -            -       780,331      9,335,230    10,115,561 
 
 Balance as at 30 
  June 2019                        9,167    76,139,648    (140,492)    10,884,740   (15,775,920)    71,117,143 
                           =============  ============  ===========  ============  =============  ============ 
 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS 
  FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2020 TO 30 JUNE 2020 
                                                               Unaudited     Unaudited 
                                                                  Period        Period 
                                                                   ended         ended 
                                                                 30 June       30 June 
                                                                    2020          2019 
                                                                     GBP           GBP 
 Cash flows from operating activities 
 Net gain for the period                                       3,492,502    10,115,561 
 Adjustments to reconcile net gain for the period 
  to net cash used in operating activities: 
 Interest income                                               (684,545)     (917,890) 
 Dividend income                                               (117,212)     (392,902) 
 Net gain on financial assets at fair value through 
  profit or loss                                        3    (3,420,604)   (9,375,615) 
 Net (increase)/decrease in other receivables                    (7,504)        10,160 
 Net increase/(decrease) in payables                               5,269      (19,850) 
                                                           -------------  ------------ 
                                                               (732,094)     (580,536) 
 Interest received                                               962,982       158,077 
 Dividend received                                               117,212       392,902 
                                                           -------------  ------------ 
 Net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities             348,100      (29,557) 
                                                           -------------  ------------ 
 
 Cash flows from investing activities 
 Purchase of financial assets at fair value through 
  profit or loss                                             (7,462,339)   (9,132,502) 
 Sale of financial assets at fair value through 
  profit or loss                                               6,947,756    10,873,333 
 Net cash (used in)/provided by investing activities           (514,583)     1,740,831 
                                                           -------------  ------------ 
 
 Cash flows from financing activities 
 Expenses related to the tender offer                                  -      (90,688) 
 Payments for redemption of shares                                     -   (4,935,514) 
                                                           -------------  ------------ 
 Net cash used in financing activities                                 -   (5,026,202) 
                                                           -------------  ------------ 
 
 Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents                     (166,483)   (3,314,928) 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of 
  the period                                                     659,757     3,811,921 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the 
  period                                                         493,274       496,993 
                                                           =============  ============ 
 
 

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2020 TO 30 JUNE 2020

   1.   GENERAL INFORMATION 

Baker Steel Resources Trust Limited (the "Company") is a closed-ended investment company with limited liability incorporated and domiciled on 9 March 2010 in Guernsey under the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 with registration number 51576. The Company is a registered closed-ended investment scheme registered pursuant to the Protection of Investors Law and the Registered Collective Investment Scheme Rules 2018 issued by the Guernsey Financial Services Commission ("GFSC"). On 28 April 2010 the Ordinary Shares and Subscription Shares of the Company were admitted to the Official List of the UK Listing Authority and to trading on the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange. The Company's Ordinary and Subscription Shares were admitted to the Premium Listing Segment of the Official List on 28 April 2010.

The final exercise date for the Subscription Shares was 2 April 2013. No Subscription Shares were exercised at this time and all residual/unexercised Subscription Shares were subsequently cancelled.

The Company's portfolio is managed by Baker Steel Capital Managers (Cayman) Limited (the "Manager"). The Manager has appointed Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP (the "Investment Manager") as the Investment Manager to carry out certain duties. The Company's investment objective is to seek capital growth over the long-term through a focused, global portfolio consisting principally of the equities, or related instruments, of natural resources companies. The Company invests predominantly in unlisted companies (i.e. those companies which have not yet made an Initial Public Offering ("IPO")) and also in listed securities (including special situations opportunities and less liquid securities) with a view to exploiting value inherent in market inefficiencies and pricing anomalies.

Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP was authorised to act as an Alternative Investment Fund Manager ("AIFM") of Alternative Investment Funds ("AIFs") on 22 July 2014. On 14 November 2014, the Investment Manager signed an amended Investment Management Agreement with the Company, to take into account AIFM regulations. The AIFMD focuses on regulating the AIFM rather than the AIFs themselves, so the impact on the Company is limited.

The Half-Yearly financial report has not been audited or reviewed by the auditors pursuant to the Auditing Practices Board

Guidance on review of Interim Financial Information. However, the Board did procure the independent external auditor to undertake certain agreed upon procedures to assist the Audit Committee and Board with its review of this report.

   2.   SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES 

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these unaudited condensed interim financial statements have been consistently applied during the period, unless otherwise stated.

   a)     Statement of compliance 

The unaudited condensed interim financial statements of the Company for the period 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2020 have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34, "Interim Financial Reporting" as adopted in the EU, together with applicable legal and regulatory requirements of The Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 and the Listing Rules of the London Stock Exchange's Main Market. The unaudited condensed interim financial statements do not include all the information and disclosure required in the annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the annual report and audited financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2019.

   b)     Basis of preparation 

The unaudited condensed interim financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost basis, modified by the revaluation of certain financial instruments designated at Fair value through Profit or Loss ("FVTPL"). The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these unaudited condensed interim financial statements have been consistent with the accounting policies stated in Note 2 of the annual financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2019. The preparation of unaudited condensed interim financial statements in conformity with IAS 34, "Interim Financial Reporting", requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed interim financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

The Company's functional currency is pound Sterling ("GBP"), being the currency in which its Ordinary Shares are issued and in which returns are made to shareholders. The presentation currency is the same as the functional currency. The financial statements have been rounded to the nearest GBP. The Company invests in companies around the world whose shares and debt are denominated in various currencies.

   c)   Significant accounting judgements and estimates 

The preparation of the Company's financial statements requires the Directors to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts recognised in the financial statements and disclosure of contingent liabilities.

However, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that could require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of the asset or liability in future periods.

   (i)    Judgements 

In the process of applying the Company's accounting policies, the Directors have made the following judgements, which have had the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the financial statements:

Assessment as Investment Entity

As per IFRS 10, an entity shall determine whether it is an investment entity. An investment entity is an entity that fulfils the following criteria:

Ø It obtains funds from one or more investors for the purpose of providing those investors with investment services.

Ø It commits to its investors that its business purpose is to invest funds solely for returns from capital appreciation, investment income or both.

Ø It measures and evaluates the performance of substantially all of its investments on a fair value basis.

The Company meets the above criteria and is therefore considered to be an investment entity and therefore does not

consolidate its subsidiaries.

Associates

The Directors consider that entities over which the Company exercises significant influence, including where it holds between 20% and 50% of the voting rights, or where there is a shareholders agreement giving the Company the right to appoint a director and the right to veto significant financial decisions, should be considered as associates of the Company. These are disclosed in Note 14 of the Annual Report. This also includes entities where the Company has representation on the board and such representation is considered to have significant influence over the major decisions of such entity.

Going Concern

As stated in the Directors' Report the Directors have assessed the principal risks and uncertainties (as described in pages 14

and 15 of the 31 December 2019 Annual Report) and the other matters discussed in connection with the viability statement as set out on pages 15 and 16 of the said report. The Directors consider it is appropriate to adopt the going concern basis in preparing these interim financial statements.

   (ii)   Estimates and assumptions 

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets liabilities within the next financial year, are discussed below. The Company based its assumptions and estimates on parameters available when the financial statements were prepared. However, existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments may change due to market changes or circumstances arising beyond the control of the Company. Such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur. Please refer to Note 3 for further information.

   c)     Significant accounting judgements and estimates 

(iii) Fair value of financial instruments

When the fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities recorded in the Statement of Financial Position cannot be derived from active markets, their fair value is determined using a variety of valuation techniques that include the use of valuation models. The inputs to these models are taken from observable markets where possible, but where this is not feasible, estimation is required in establishing fair values. The estimates include considerations of liquidity and model inputs related to items such as credit risk, correlation and volatility. Changes in assumptions about these factors could affect the reported fair value of financial instruments in the Statement of Financial Position and the level where the instruments are disclosed in the fair value hierarchy. The models are tested for validity by calibrating to prices from any observable current market transactions in the same instrument (without modification or repackaging) when available. To assess the significance of a particular input to the entire measurement, the Company performs sensitivity analysis or stress testing techniques.

   (d)   IFRS 9 Financial Instruments 

IFRS 9 sets out the requirements for recognising and measuring financial assets, financial liabilities and some contracts to buy or sell non-financial items.

Classification and measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities

A financial asset or liability is measured at amortised cost if it meets both of the following conditions and are not designated

as at FVTPL:

Ø it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets to collect contractual cash flows; and

Ø its contractual terms give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

All financial assets of the Company are measured at FVTPL, except for cash and cash equivalents which are measured at amortised cost.

All financial liabilities of the Company are measured at amortised cost.

Impairment of financial assets

Under IFRS 9 for trade receivables the Company has applied the simplified model. Under the simplified approach the requirement is to always recognise lifetime expected credit loss ("ECL"). Under the simplified approach there is no need to monitor significant increases in credit risk and measure lifetime ECLs at all times. The interest receivable is in respect of the Convertible loan notes and no provision has been made for credit losses. This is on the basis that the fair value of the underlying asset supports the convertible receivable.

For other receivables, the Directors have concluded that any ECL on these receivables would be highly immaterial.

   (e)   Loan guarantee income 

These are guarantee fees receivable in respect of shareholder guarantees given over certain facilities of Cemos Group plc which are accounted for on an accruals basis.

   (f)   Interest on investments 

These comprise of interest accrued and interest received from convertible loans which are accounted for on an accruals basis and recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

(g) Dividend Income

Dividend income is accrued on an ex-dividend basis and recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

   3.     FINANCIAL ASSETS AT FAIR VALUE THROUGH PROFIT OR LOSS 
 
                                                       Period ended     Year ended 
                                                            30 June    31 December 
   Investment Summary:                                         2020           2019 
                                                                GBP            GBP 
 Opening book cost                                       74,539,152     70,753,693 
 Purchases at cost                                        7,462,339     16,601,793 
 Proceeds on sale of investments                        (6,947,756)   (18,777,778) 
 Realised gains                                           4,117,283      5,961,444 
                                                      -------------  ------------- 
 Closing cost                                            79,171,018     74,539,152 
 Unrealised gains                                         1,696,286      2,392,965 
                                                      -------------  ------------- 
 Financial assets held at fair value through profit 
  or loss                                                80,867,304     76,932,117 
                                                      =============  ============= 
 

The following table analyses net gains on financial assets at fair value through profit or loss for the period/year ended 30 June 2020 and 31 December 2019.

 
                                                       Period ended     Year ended 
                                                            30 June    31 December 
                                                               2020           2019 
                                                                GBP            GBP 
 Financial assets at fair value through profit 
  or loss 
 Realised gains on: 
 - Listed equity shares                                   4,117,283      6,135,349 
 - Debt instruments                                               -      (173,905) 
 - Warrants                                                       -              - 
                                                          4,117,283      5,961,444 
 Movement in unrealised (losses)/gains on: 
  - Listed equity shares                                (3,510,145)        250,838 
  - Unlisted equity shares                                1,349,473      5,134,808 
  - Royalties                                             (400,286)      4,373,836 
  - Debt instruments                                      1,667,381      1,280,943 
  - Warrants                                                196,898         86,293 
                                                      -------------  ------------- 
                                                          (696,679)     11,126,718 
                                                      -------------  ------------- 
 Net gain on financial assets at fair value through 
  profit or loss                                          3,420,604     17,088,162 
                                                      -------------  ------------- 
 

The following table analyses investments by type and by level within the fair valuation hierarchy at 30 June 2020.

 
                           Quoted prices 
                               in active       Quoted market  Unobservable 
                                 markets   based observables        inputs 
                                 Level 1             Level 2       Level 3        Total 
                                     GBP                 GBP           GBP          GBP 
Financial assets at fair 
 value through profit 
 or loss 
Listed equity shares           4,972,680                   -             -    4,972,680 
Unlisted equity shares                 -                   -    28,746,775   28,746,775 
Royalties                              -                   -    14,540,824   14,540,824 
Warrants                               -                   -       326,360      326,360 
Debt instruments                       -                   -    32,280,665   32,280,665 
                           -------------  ------------------  ------------  ----------- 
                               4,972,680                   -    75,894,624   80,867,304 
                           =============  ==================  ============  =========== 
 

The following table analyses investments by type and by level within the fair valuation hierarchy at 31 December 2019.

 
                           Quoted prices 
                               in active       Quoted market  Unobservable 
                                 markets   based observables        inputs 
                                 Level 1             Level 2       Level 3        Total 
                                     GBP                 GBP           GBP          GBP 
Financial assets at fair 
 value through profit 
 or loss 
Listed equity shares           8,722,030                   -             -    8,722,030 
Unlisted equity shares                 -                   -    24,780,551   24,780,551 
Royalties                              -                   -    14,019,975   14,019,975 
Warrants                               -                   -       116,337      116,337 
Debt instruments                       -                   -    29,293,224   29,293,224 
                           -------------  ------------------  ------------  ----------- 
                               8,722,030                   -    68,210,087   76,932,117 
                           =============  ==================  ============  =========== 
 

The table below shows a reconciliation of beginning to ending fair value balances for Level 3 investments and the amount of total gains or losses for the period included in net gain on financial assets and liabilities at fair value through profit or loss held at 30 June 2020.

 
 
                                 Unlisted 
 30 June 2020                    Equities    Royalties   Debt instruments   Warrants        Total 
                                      GBP          GBP                GBP        GBP          GBP 
 
 Opening balance 1 January 
  2020                         24,780,551   14,019,975         29,293,224    116,337   68,210,087 
 Purchases of investments       1,205,011      921,135          1,320,060     13,125    3,459,331 
 Change in net unrealised 
  gains                         1,349,473    (400,286)          1,667,381    196,898    2,813,466 
 Transfer in                    1,411,740            -                  -          -    1,411,740 
                             ------------  -----------  -----------------  ---------  ----------- 
 Closing balance 30 June 
  2020                         28,746,775   14,540,824         32,280,665    326,360   75,894,624 
                             ------------  -----------  -----------------  ---------  ----------- 
 
 Unrealised (losses)/gains 
  on investments still 
  held at 30 June 2020        (5,192,461)    2,773,846          3,041,594    313,235      936,214 
                             ============  ===========  =================  =========  =========== 
 

The table below shows a reconciliation of beginning to ending fair value balances for Level 3 investments and the amount of total gains or losses for the year included in net loss on financial assets and liabilities at fair value through profit or loss held at 31 December 2019.

 
 
 31 December 2019                  Unlisted                Debt instruments   Warrants        Total 
                                   Equities    Royalties 
                                        GBP          GBP                GBP        GBP          GBP 
 
 Opening balance 1 January 
  2019                           18,894,281    6,163,793         15,818,201     30,044   40,906,319 
 Purchases of investments           751,462    3,482,346         12,367,985          -   16,601,793 
 Change in net unrealised 
  gains                           5,134,808    4,373,836          1,280,943     86,293   10,875,880 
 Realised losses                          -            -          (173,905)          -    (173,905) 
 Closing balance 31 December 
  2019                           24,780,551   14,019,975         29,293,224    116,337   68,210,087 
                               ------------  -----------  -----------------  ---------  ----------- 
 
 Unrealised (losses)/gains 
  on investments still 
  held at 31 December 
  2019                          (1,455,715)    3,174,130          1,421,092    116,337    3,255,844 
                               ============  ===========  =================  =========  =========== 
 
 

It is the Company's policy to recognise a change in hierarchy level when there is a change in the status of the investment, for example when a listed company delists or vice versa, or when shares previously subject to a restriction have that restriction released. The transfers between levels are recorded either on the value of the investment immediately after the event or at the carrying value of the investment at the beginning of the financial year. Metal Exploration Plc was transferred from Level 1 to Level 3 due to the investment being suspended from trading. Metal Exploration Plc remained at Level 3 as at 30 June 2020.

In determining an investment's position within the fair value hierarchy, the Directors take into consideration the following factors:

Investments whose values are based on quoted market prices in active markets are classified within Level 1. These include listed equities with observable market prices. The Directors do not adjust the quoted price for such instruments, even in situations where the Company holds a large position and a sale could reasonably impact the quoted price.

Investments that trade in markets that are not considered to be active but are valued based on quoted market prices, dealer quotations or alternative pricing sources supported by observable inputs, are classified within Level 2. These include certain less-liquid listed equities. Level 2 investments are valued with reference to the listed price of the shares should they be freely tradable after applying a discount for liquidity if relevant. As Level 2 investments include positions that are not traded in active markets and/or are subject to transfer restrictions, valuations may be adjusted to reflect illiquidity and/or non-transferability, which are generally based on available market information. The Company held no Level 2 investments at 30 June 2020 (31 December 2019: none).

Investments classified within Level 3 have significant unobservable inputs. They include unlisted debt instruments, royalty rights, unlisted equity shares and warrants. Level 3 investments are valued using valuation techniques explained below. The inputs used by the Directors in estimating the value of Level 3 investments include the original transaction price, recent transactions in the same or similar instruments if representative in volume and nature, completed or pending third-party transactions in the underlying investment of comparable issuers, subsequent rounds of financing, recapitalisations and other transactions across the capital structure, offerings in the equity or debt capital markets, and changes in financial ratios or cash flows. Level 3 investments may also be adjusted with a discount to reflect illiquidity and/or non-transferability in the absence of market information.

Valuation methodology of Level 3 investments

The default valuation technique is of "Latest Recent Transaction". Where an unquoted investment has been acquired or where there has been a material arm's length transaction during the past six months it will be carried at transaction value, having taken into account any change in market conditions and the performance of the investee company between the transaction date and the valuation date. Where there has been no Latest Recent Transaction the primary valuation driver is IndexVal. For each core unlisted investment, the Company maintains a weighted average basket of listed companies which are comparable to the investment in terms of commodity, stage of development and location ("IndexVal"). IndexVal is used as an indication of how an investment's share price might have moved had it been listed. Movements in commodity prices are deemed to have been taken into account by the movement of IndexVal.

Valuation methodology of Level 3 investments (continued)

A secondary tool used by Management to evaluate potential investments as well as to provide underlying valuation references for the Fair Value already established is Development Risk Adjusted Value ("DRAV"). DRAVs are not a primary determinant of Fair Value. The Investment Manager also prepares discounted cash flow models for the Company's core investments annually and also for significant new information and decision making purposes when required. From these, DRAVs are derived. The computations are based on consensus forecasts for long term commodity prices and investee company management estimates of operating and capital costs. Some market analysts incorporate development risk into the discount rate in arriving at a net present value ("NPV"). Instead, the Investment Manager establishes an NPV discounted purely for cost of capital and country risk and then applies a further overall discount to the project economics dependent on where such project sits on the development curve per the DRAV calculations.

The valuation technique for Level 3 investments can be divided into five groups:

i. Transactions

Where there have been transactions within the past 6 months either through a capital raising by the investee company or known secondary market transactions, representative in volume and nature and conducted on an arm's length basis, this is taken as the primary driver for valuing Level 3 investments.

ii. IndexVal

Where there have been no known transactions for 6 months, at the Company's half year and year end, movements in IndexVal will generally be taken into account in assessing Fair Value where there has been at least a 10% movement in IndexVal over at least a six month period. The IndexVal results are used as an indication of trend and are viewed in the context of investee company progress and any requirement for finance in the short term for further progression.

iii. Royalty Valuation Model

Royalties are valued on discounted projected cashflows taking into account expected time to production and development risk and adjusted for movement in commodity prices.

iv. Warrants

Warrants are valued using a simplified Black Scholes model taking into account time to expiry, exercise price and volatility. Where there is no established market for the underlying shares the average volatility of the companies in that investment's basket of comparables as utilised in the IndexVal.

v. Convertible loans

Convertible loans are valued at fair value through profit and loss, taking into account credit risk and the value of the conversion aspect.

Quantitative information on significant unobservable inputs - Level 3

 
                       30 June                                                       Range 
                          2020                         Unobservable              (weighted 
 Description               GBP   Valuation technique    input                     average) 
 Unlisted Equity     4,218,355   Transactions          Private transactions        n/a 
 Unlisted Equity    23,898,674   IndexVal              Change in IndexVal          n/a 
 Royalties          14,540,824   Royalty Valuation     Production                  n/a 
                                  model                 profile & development 
                                                        risk adjustment 
 Unlisted Equity       629,746   Other                 Exploration                 n/a 
                                                        results, study 
                                                        results, financing 
 
 
                           30 June                                                      Range 
                              2020                            Unobservable          (weighted 
 Description                   GBP   Valuation technique       input                 average) 
 Debt Instruments 
 Black Pearl Limited                 Valued at mean           Estimated recovery 
  Partnership            2,826,912    estimated recovery       range                 +/-50% 
                                     Valued at fair 
                                      value with reference 
                                      to credit risk 
 Other Convertible                    and value of embedded   Rate of Credit 
  Debentures/Loans      29,453,753    derivative               Risk                20% - 40% 
                                     Simplified Black 
 Warrants                  326,360    Scholes Model           Volatilities         81% -116% 
 
 
                        31 December                                                         Range 
                               2019                              Unobservable              (weighted 
 Description                    GBP   Valuation technique         input                    average) 
 
 Unlisted Equity          5,661,710   Transaction                Private transactions        n/a 
 Unlisted Equity         19,102,895   IndexVal                   Change in IndexVal          n/a 
 Royalties               14,019,975   Royalty Valuation          Production                  n/a 
                                       model                      profile & development 
                                                                  risk adjustment 
 Unlisted Equity             15,946   Other                      Exploration                 n/a 
                                                                  results, study 
                                                                  results, financings 
 Debt Instruments 
 Black Pearl Limited                  Valued at mean estimated   Estimated recovery 
  Partnership             2,643,205    recovery                   range                    +/- 50% 
                                      Valued at fair value 
                                       with reference to 
                                       credit risk and 
 Other Convertible                     value of embedded         Rate of Credit 
  Debentures/Loans       26,650,019    derivative                 Risk                    20% - 40% 
 
                                      Simplified Black 
 Warrants                   116,337    Scholes Model             Volatilities                50% 
 

Information on third party transactions in unlisted equities is derived from the Investment Manager's market contacts. The change in IndexVal for each particular unlisted equity is derived from the weighted average movements of the individual baskets for that equity so it is not possible to quantify the range of such inputs.

Sensitivity analysis to significant changes in unobservable inputs within Level 3 investments

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement categorised within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy together with a quantitative sensitivity analysis as at 30 June 2020 are as shown below:

 
 Description            Input                    Sensitivity   Effect on Fair 
                                                  used*         Value (GBP) 
 Unlisted Equity        Change in IndexVal        +/-43.5%       +/-10,395,923 
                        Royalty Valuation 
                         models 
                         development risk 
 Royalties               discounts                 +/-20%        +/-6,238,848 
 Debt Instruments 
 Black Pearl Limited 
  Partnership           Probability weighting      +/-33%         +/-932,881 
 Others/Loans           Risk discount rate         +/-20%        +/-4,118,888 
                        Volatility of Index 
 Warrants                Basket                    +/-40%      +122,519/-150,475 
 
 

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement categorised within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy together with a quantitative sensitivity analysis as at 31 December 2019 are as shown below:

 
 Description            Input                    Sensitivity   Effect on Fair 
                                                  used*         Value (GBP) 
 Unlisted Equity        Change in IndexVal        +/-43.5%*      +/-8,309,760 
                        Royalty valuation 
 Royalties               models                    +/-20%        +/-2,803,995 
 Debt Instruments 
 Black Pearl Limited 
  Partnership           Probability weighting      +/-33%         +/-872,258 
 Others/Loans           Risk discount rate         +/-20%        +/-4,747,375 
 
                        Volatility of Index 
 Warrants                Basket                    +/-40%      +100,833/-61,601 
 

*The sensitivity analysis refers to a percentage amount added or deducted from the input and the effect this has on the fair value. The 43.5% sensitivity was used as this was the highest movement observed for IndexVal for any investment during 2019.

   4.   OTHER FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS 

The directors consider the carrying amount for financial instruments such as cash and cash equivalents and short-term receivables and payables, are a reasonable approximation of fair values.

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, deposits held with banks and other short-term investments in an active market.

Other assets include the contractual amounts for settlement of the trades and other obligations due to the Company. Investment management fees payable, directors' fees payable, audit fees payable, administration fees payable and other payables represent the contractual amounts and obligations due by the Company for settlement for trades and expenses.

   5.   NET ASSET VALUE PER SHARE AND GAIN PER SHARE 

Net asset value per share is based on the net assets of GBP82,155,812 (31 December 2019: GBP78,663,310) and 106,462,502 (31 December 2019: 106,462,502) Ordinary Shares, being the number of shares in issue at 30 June 2020. The calculation for basic and diluted NAV per share is as below:

 
                                            30 June 2020   31 December 2019 
                                         Ordinary Shares    Ordinary Shares 
 Net assets at the period end (GBP)           82,155,812         78,663,310 
 Number of shares                            106,462,502        106,462,502 
 Net asset value per share (in pence) 
  basic and diluted                                 77.2               73.9 
 Weighted average number of shares           106,462,502        109,688,328 
 

The basic and diluted gain per share for the period ended 30 June 2020 is based on the net gain for the period of the Company of GBP3,492,502 and on 106,462,502 being the weighted average number of Ordinary Shares in issue during the period.

The basic and diluted gain per share for the period ended 30 June 2019 is based on the net gain for the period of the Company of GBP10,115,561 and on 112,914,154 Ordinary Shares, being the weighted average number of Ordinary Shares in issue during the period.

   6.     TAXATION 

The Company is a Guernsey Exempt Company and is therefore not subject to taxation in Guernsey on its income under the Income Tax (Exempt Bodies) (Guernsey) Ordinance, 1989. An annual exemption fee of GBP1,200 (2019: GBP1,200) has been paid. However, the Company may be subject to foreign taxes, such as withholding and capital taxes, on certain of its income and gains.

   7.     MANAGEMENT AND PERFORMANCE FEES 

The Manager was appointed pursuant to a management agreement with the Company dated 31 March 2010 (the "Management Agreement"). The Company pays to the Manager a management fee which is equal to 1/12th of 1.75 per cent of the total average market capitalisation of the Company during each month. The management fee is calculated and accrued as at the last business day of each month and is paid monthly in arrears. The Investment Manager's fees are paid by the Manager.

The management fee for the period ended 30 June 2020 was GBP494,503 (30 June 2019: GBP 463,784) of which GBP85,215 (31 December 2019: GBP 85,447) was outstanding at the period end.

The Manager is also entitled to a performance fee. The Performance Period is each 12-month period ending on 31 December (the "Performance Period"). The amount of the performance fee is 15 per cent of the total increase in the NAV, if the Hurdle has been met, at the end of the relevant Performance Period, over the highest previously recorded NAV as at the end of a Performance Period in respect of which a performance fee was last accrued, having made adjustments for numbers of Ordinary Shares issued and/or repurchased ("Highwater Mark"). In addition, the performance fee will only become payable if there has been sufficient net realised gains. As at 30 June 2020, the Highwater Mark was the equivalent of approximately 94 pence per share with the relevant Hurdle being the equivalent of approximately 135 pence per share.

There were no earned performance fees for the current or prior period.

If the Company wishes to terminate the Management Agreement without cause it is required to give the Manager 12 months prior notice or pay to the Manager an amount equal to: (a) the aggregate investment management fee which would otherwise have been payable during the 12 months following the date of such notice (such amount to be calculated for the whole of such period by reference to the Market Capitalisation prevailing on the Valuation Day on or immediately prior to the date of such notice); and (b) any performance fee accrued at the end of any Performance Period which ended on or prior to termination and which remains unpaid at the date of termination which shall be payable as soon as, and to the extent that, sufficient cash or other liquid assets are available to the Company (as determined in good faith by the Directors), provided that such accrued performance fee shall be paid prior to the Company making any new investment or settling any other liabilities; and (c) where termination does not occur at 31 December in any year, any performance fee accrued at the date of termination shall be payable as soon as and to the extent that sufficient cash or other liquid assets are available to the Company (as determined in good faith by the Directors), provided that such accrued performance fee shall be paid prior to the Company making any new investment or settling any other liabilities.

   8.     SHARE CAPITAL 

The share capital of the Company on incorporation was represented by an unlimited number of Ordinary Shares of no par value. The Company may issue an unlimited number of shares of a nominal or par value and/or of no par value or a combination of both.

The Company has a total of 106,453,335 (31 December 2019: 106,453,335) Ordinary Shares in issue with an additional 700,000 (31 December 2019: 700,000) held in treasury. In addition, the Company has 9,167 (31 December 2019: 9,167) Management Ordinary Shares in issue, which are held by the Investment Manager.

The Ordinary Shares are admitted to the Premium Listing segment of the Official List of the London Stock Exchange. Holders of Ordinary Shares have the right to receive notice of and to attend and vote at general meetings of the Company.

Each holder of Ordinary Shares being present in person or by proxy at a meeting will, upon a show of hands, have one vote and upon a poll each such holder of Ordinary Shares present in person or by proxy will have one vote for each Ordinary Share held by him.

The details of issued share capital of the Company are as follows:

 
                                           30 June 2020                 31 December 2019 
                                       Amount   No. of shares**       Amount   No. of shares** 
                                          GBP                            GBP 
 Issued and fully paid share 
  capital 
 Ordinary Shares of no par 
  value*/***                       76,122,347       107,162,502   76,122,347       107,162,502 
 (including Management Ordinary 
  Shares) 
 Treasury Shares                    (140,492)         (700,000)    (140,492)         (700,000) 
 

* During 2019, 9,677,478 shares were repurchased and cancelled following a tender offer totalling GBP4,935,514 excluding expenses.

** Includes 9,167 (31 December 2019: 9,167) Management Ordinary Shares.

*** The value reported for the ordinary shares represents the net of subscriptions and redemptions (including any associated expenses).

   9.     RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS 

The Directors' interests in the share capital of the Company were:

 
                                        Number of                   Number of 
                                  Ordinary Shares             Ordinary Shares 
                                     30 June 2020            31 December 2019 
         Clive Newall                      25,000                      25,000 
 

The Directors' fees accrued for the period ended 30 June 2020 were GBP57,500 (30 June 2019: GBP57,500), of which GBP28,750 at 30 June 2020 (31 December 2019: GBP28,750) were payable at the period end.

The Investment Manager, Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP, had an interest in 9,167 Management Ordinary Shares at 30 June 2020 (31 December 2019: 9,167).

The Management fees paid and accrued for the year are disclosed under Note 7.

Baker Steel Global Funds SICAV - Precious Metals Fund ("Precious Metals Fund") had an interest of 5,622,877 Ordinary Shares in the Company at 30 June 2020 (31 December 2019: 5,622,877). Precious Metals Fund shares a common Investment Manager with the Company.

10. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS

COVID-19 continues to impact global economic activity and contributed to significant volatility in financial markets. Depending on the severity and length of the outbreak, COVID-19 could present material uncertainty and risk with respect to the operational performance and financial results of the entities in which the Company invests, which may in turn impact the valuation of the investments.

Generally, producing mines in most parts of the world were not overly impacted by the spread of the disease as most modern mines are highly mechanised and able to continue operations under social distancing rules. The Investment Manager comments in their report on the effects of COVID-19 on individual investee companies' operations, but most of the investments are not yet in operation and so have not been greatly affected.

In February 2020, the Company exercised its option to acquire a further 0.25% gross royalty interest in Futura Resources' Wilton and Fairhill metallurgical coal mines for A$1.8 million.

During the period ended 30 June 2020, the Company made purchases of listed equities for GBP4,003,006 and sales of listed equities for GBP6,947,756 as part of the Board's decision to diversify the liquid part of the portfolio.

In March 2020, the Company entered into a further US$1 million loan with Mines and Metals Trading (Peru) Limited. The Company committed to a further US$500,000 loan to Azarga and renegotiated the terms of its convertible loan.

11. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

There were no events subsequent to the period end that materially impacted on the Company

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END

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