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Share Name Share Symbol Market Type Share ISIN Share Description
Alliance Pharma Plc LSE:APH London Ordinary Share GB0031030819 ORD 1P
  Price Change % Change Share Price Bid Price Offer Price High Price Low Price Open Price Shares Traded Last Trade
  0.50 0.66% 75.90 74.80 75.90 75.90 75.90 75.90 89,634 11:07:47
Industry Sector Turnover (m) Profit (m) EPS - Basic PE Ratio Market Cap (m)
Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology 135.6 32.9 5.1 14.9 403

Alliance Pharma PLC Interim Results

22/09/2020 7:00am

UK Regulatory (RNS & others)


TIDMAPH

RNS Number : 6431Z

Alliance Pharma PLC

22 September 2020

 
 For immediate release                                             22 September 2020 
 

ALLIANCE PHARMA PLC

("Alliance" or the "Group")

Interim results for the six months ended 30 June 2020

Strong performance from Consumer Healthcare brands; cash generation remains robust; full year results tracking in line with market expectations

Alliance Pharma plc (AIM: APH), the international healthcare group, is pleased to announce its interim results for the six months ended 30 June 2020.

OVERVIEW

The Group delivered a robust operational and financial performance in the first half of 2020, despite the challenges posed by COVID-19.

-- Strong performance from Consumer Healthcare brands, with Kelo-cote(TM) revenues up 8% and see-through revenues down 3% overall

-- Prescription Medicine revenues down 15%, reflecting delays in routine treatments as a result of COVID-19

   --      See-through revenue in total down 7% ( -7% CCY*) to GBP65.3m 

-- Good control of operating expenditure resulting in a resilient underlying EBITDA* performance down 4% to GBP18.1m (H1 2019: GBP18.8m)

-- Underlying profit before tax up 7% to GBP16.3m (H1 2019: GBP15.2m); reported profit before tax down 96% to GBP0.6m (H1 2019: GBP15.2m), due to non-cash impairment and amortisation charges

-- Free cash flow robust at GBP10.5m, with continued reduction in leverage to 1.34 times from 1.48 times at December 2019

-- New line extension for Nizoral(TM) launched in China in July 2020; majority of Nizoral licence transfers on track to be completed by the end of the year

-- Product portfolio reclassified into Consumer Healthcare brands and Prescription Medicines, in recognition of the different characteristics of these product types

   --      Interim dividend payment of 0.536p announced 

FINANCIAL SUMMARY

 
 Unaudited six months ended           H1 2020    H1 2019    Growth 
  30 June                               GBPm       GBPm 
 See-through Revenue*                  65.3       70.3         -7% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Statutory Revenue                     61.7       66.0         -7% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Gross profit                          38.6       41.3         -7% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Underlying EBITDA*                    18.1       18.8         -4% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Underlying profit before taxation     16.3       15.2         +7% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Reported profit before taxation        0.6       15.2        -96% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Underlying basic earnings 
  per share                            2.45p      2.34p        +5% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Reported basic earnings per 
  share                               (0.33)p     2.34p      -114% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Free cash flow*                       10.5       14.5        -27% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Leverage                              1.34x    1.48x (31 
                                                   Dec) 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Net debt*                             52.2     59.2 (31 
                                                 Dec) 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 Interim dividend per share           0.536p     0.536p         0% 
-----------------------------------  --------  ----------  ------- 
 

* The performance of the Group is assessed using Alternative Performance Measures ("APMs"), which are measures that are not defined under IFRS, but are used by management to monitor ongoing business performance against both shorter term budgets and forecasts and against the Group's longer term strategic plans. APMs are defined in note 17.

Specifically, see-through revenue includes sales from Nizoral(TM) as if they had been invoiced by Alliance. Under the terms of the transitional services agreement with Johnson & Johnson (J&J), Alliance receives the benefit of the net profit on sales of Nizoral from the date of acquisition up until the product licences in each of the Asia-Pacific territories transfer from J&J to Alliance. For statutory accounting purposes the product margin on Nizoral sales is included within Revenue, in line with IFRS 15.

Commenting on the interim results, Peter Butterfield, Chief Executive Officer of Alliance, said :

"Whilst first half revenues have, as expected, been impacted by COVID-19, the speed with which we transitioned the business to operating remotely, coupled with associated reductions in discretionary spend, have enabled us to deliver continued profitability in these unprecedented times.

"We are now starting to see further signs of recovery and expect trading to continue to recover as we move through the remainder of the year. Our robust cash generation and diverse and resilient product portfolio leave us well placed to resume our growth trajectory, as the markets for our products recover.

"Good progress continues to be made in bringing the Nizoral business fully under our control, together with the launch of our first line extension in China in July. We expect the majority of the product licence transfers to have been completed by the end of this year, which will enable us to start executing our marketing strategy for the brand.

"We continue to actively review acquisition opportunities, particularly for consumer healthcare brands in regions where we already have a presence, to further enhance our growth."

CONFERENCE CALL & WEBCAST

A conference call for analysts will be held at 10.30am on 22 September 2020; analysts who require dial-in details, please contact Buchanan at alliancepharma@buchanan.uk.com .

A recorded webcast of the analyst conference call, including investor presentation slides, will be made available during the afternoon of 22 September 2020 at this link:

https://webcasting.buchanan.uk.com/broadcast/5f3fbab0b14d87262643a98b

The recorded webcast will also be made available at the investor section of Alliance's website, https://www.alliancepharmaceuticals.com/investors/ .

For more information, please contact Buchanan on 020 7466 5000 or email alliancepharma@buchanan.uk.com .

For further information:

 
 Alliance Pharma plc                          + 44 (0)1249 466966 
 Peter Butterfield, Chief Executive 
  Officer 
 Andrew Franklin, Chief Financial Officer 
 www.alliancepharma.co.uk 
 Buchanan                                    + 44 (0)20 7466 5000 
 Mark Court / Hannah Ratcliff 
 
 Numis Securities Limited                    + 44 (0)20 7260 1000 
 Nominated Adviser: Freddie Barnfield 
  / Huw Jeremy 
 Corporate Broking: James Black 
 
 
 Investec Bank plc                    + 44 (0) 20 7597 5970 
 Corporate Finance: Daniel Adams / 
  Ed Thomas 
 Corporate Broking: Patrick Robb / 
  Tejas Padalkar 
 

About Alliance

Alliance Pharma plc (AIM: APH) is an international healthcare group, headquartered in the UK with subsidiaries in Europe, the Far East and the US and wide international reach through an extensive network of distributors, generating sales in more than 100 countries.

We hold the marketing rights to around 80 Consumer Healthcare brands and Prescription Medicines, which are managed on a portfolio basis according to their growth potential. Promotional investment is focused primarily on our Consumer healthcare brands, many of which have significant international or multi-territory reach. Our Prescription Medicines are generally sold in a more limited number of local markets, and most require little or no promotional investment.

Our strategy allows us to deliver good organic growth and to enhance our growth rate through carefully selected acquisitions.

For more information on Alliance, please visit our website: www.alliancepharmaceuticals.com

CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT

Trading performance

Overview

Against the backdrop of COVID-19, the Group delivered a robust performance in the first half of 2020, with see-through revenues down 7% to GBP65.3m (H1 2019: GBP70.3m), and a similar level of decline on a constant currency basis.

Gross profit reduced, in line with revenues, by 7% to GBP38.6m (H1 2019: GBP41.3m), however a slowdown in the natural run rate of discretionary spend resulted in an increase in operational leverage, allowing underlying EBITDA to be maintained at a similar level to 2019, at GBP18.1m (H1 2019: GBP18.8m). Favourable currency movements coupled with lower borrowing costs meant underlying profit before tax increased 7% to GBP16.3m (H1 2019: GBP15.2m).

Over the past few years, Alliance's product portfolio has become focused increasingly on consumer healthcare products as the main driver of organic growth within the business, whilst revenues from our largely unpromoted pharmaceutical products have remained essentially stable. In recognition of the inherently different characteristics of these product types, we have taken the decision to reclassify our portfolio into two key areas: Consumer Healthcare brands and Prescription Medicines. Consumer Healthcare brands include our International Star brands, together with around 25 other brands, previously reported as part of Local brands.

A summary of see-through revenues under the new and previously adopted classifications is provided in the table below.

 
 Unaudited six months ended 30 June    H1 2020   H1 2019         Growth 
                                          GBPm      GBPm    / (decline) 
 Consumer Healthcare                      43.8      44.9            -3% 
------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------------- 
 Prescription Medicines                   21.5      25.4           -15% 
------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------------- 
 See-through Revenue                      65.3      70.3            -7% 
------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------------- 
 
 International Star brands                30.0      30.9            -3% 
------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------------- 
 Local brands                             35.3      39.4           -11% 
------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------------- 
 See-through Revenue                      65.3      70.3            -7% 
------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------------- 
 

Consumer Healthcare brands performance

Overall, see-through revenues across our Consumer Healthcare portfolio, which includes our International Star brands, declined 3% in the first half of 2020 to GBP43.8m (H1 2019: GBP44.9m).

Our International Star brands generally held up well during the first half of 2020, despite the challenges brought about by the pandemic, achieving see-through revenue of GBP30.0m (H1 2019: GBP30.9m), a decline of 3% compared with the same period last year.

Kelo-cote - scar prevention and treatment

We were particularly pleased with the performance of Kelo-cote, which continued to deliver growth during the first half of the year, with sales up 8% compared with the same period last year at GBP14.2m (H1 2019: GBP13.1m), primarily due to the return of demand from China during the second quarter, as local lockdown restrictions eased. In the rest of the APAC region other countries have been slower to emerge from lockdown and COVID-19 has therefore had a more sustained effect on the brand's performance. Nevertheless, we expect these regions to return strongly as lockdowns are eased, and we continue to embrace digital marketing strategies to reach the end user of the product.

During the first half of the year, we undertook further significant research amongst target users and influencers in the key global scar markets, the results from which we will be using to create new and impactful campaigns to further grow the Kelo-cote brand into 2021 and beyond. Kelo-cote was the fastest growing Top 5 Global Scar Treatment brand in 2019, according to Nicholas Hall DB6 data.

With the scar treatments market in China now growing at 29.6% per annum, Kelo-cote remains well placed to take advantage of this growth, following the conclusion of a new distribution agreement with our partner in July 2020.

Nizoral - medicated anti-dandruff shampoo

Despite the sustained and extensive lockdowns across the APAC region during the first half of 2020 in response to COVID-19, Nizoral sales were resilient, with the brand generating see-through sales of GBP9.8m (H1 2019: GBP10.0m).

In July, we launched a new formulation of Nizoral (branded locally as Triatop) in China, supported by an i ntegrated marketing communication campaign across both digital and social platforms. This product will sit alongside the original formulations and early indications for the product's potential are promising.

Good progress continues to be made with the licence transfers and we expect to have transferred the vast majority of the licences by the end of 2020, with the remaining transfers to be completed in 2021.

Our marketing plans for repositioning the brand once it is fully under our control are well advanced and we have completed the set-up of new legal entities, where needed, to support our future trading activities. During the second half, our focus will be on the provision of final marketing collateral and development of launch plans with partners, together with content approval from local regulators, with launches in Taiwan, Korea, Thailand and India expected to take place later this year.

   MacuShield (TM)   - eye health supplement 

MacuShield sales were down 39% on those for the same period last year at GBP2.8m (H1 2019: GBP4.7m), due in part to distributor stocking and changes in trading arrangements with a key distributor during the first half of 2019 resulting in higher than normal sales for that period. Compared with the second half of 2019, sales declined by 21%, primarily due to the temporary closure of bricks & mortar retail outlets and opticians in the UK in response to COVID-19.

Vamousse (TM) - prevention and treatment of head lice

Vamousse delivered another good performance in the first half of 2020, achieving sales of GBP3.2m, up 4% on the same period last year (H1 2019: GBP3.1m), due to strong performance in its core market, the US.

Whilst in-market demand for treatment products in the US initially held up well during the early weeks of lockdown, the category began to reflect reduced incidence and a weakening in demand as school closures continued and children's activities were paused. That said, Vamousse continued to gain market share during the first half of 2020, achieving an 8.6% revenue share of the head lice treatment category, based on data from IRI, up 2.7% versus its share when we acquired the brand in December 2017.

However, with a significant number of US schools not planning to re-open until 2021, it is likely that category demand will decline further over the coming months. In light of this, we expect that sales of Vamousse for the second half of the year will be significantly lower than those achieved during the same period last year.

Other Consumer Healthcare brands

Revenues generated by our other Consumer Healthcare brands (formerly disclosed within the Local brands grouping) in the first half of 2020 were GBP13.7m, down just 2% on the same period last year (H1 2019: GBP14.0m).

Whilst we continued to see strong performances from some of the brands in this part of our portfolio, for example, sales of our newly launched Ashton & Parsons (TM) teething gel were up 50% versus the same period last year, for those products which are sold principally through international distributors, the picture was more mixed, as distributors sought to respond to changes in local trading conditions as a result of COVID-19. Through continuing to maintain close working relationships with our distributors, we have been able to flex our production and supply to enable them to stay aligned with local market demand.

Prescription Medicines performance

As previously reported, demand for our prescription-driven products was lower in the first half, primarily due to the delays in routine treatments as healthcare professionals focused on maintaining hospital capacity to treat patients with COVID-19. As a result, revenues from our Prescription Medicines in the first half of 2020 were GBP21.5m, down 15% on the corresponding period last year (H1 2019: GBP25.4m).

We continue to actively manage this part of our portfolio, discontinuing or disposing of products which deliver very low revenues and margins. However, the cash generation from these assets remains strong and, coupled with their limited requirement for promotional investment, they continue to play an important part in our overall product portfolio.

Regional performance

We have taken the opportunity to re-align our regional performance commentary and segmental analysis in this report, to align more closely with the Group's commercial reporting structure which focuses on the regions of Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA), Asia Pacific and China (APAC) and the Americas (AMER).

EMEA

This combines revenues previously disclosed under the UK and Republic of Ireland and Western Europe, with revenues from our distributor business across Central and Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Africa, all of which were previously reported as part of International revenues.

Across the EMEA region as a whole, first half revenues were down 6% versus those for the same period last year at GBP44.8m (H1 2019: GBP47.7m).

Over 90% of our prescription medicine revenues are generated in EMEA. Whilst we saw a reduction in demand for prescription medicines in the first half of the year due to delays in routine treatments resulting in lower sales, this was partially offset by the continued good growth of our consumer healthcare portfolio in this region, and in particular the continued strong performance by Kelo-cote, to satisfy both export and local demand.

We also saw good growth across our distributor business in EMEA during the first half of 2020 (+8% versus the comparable period last year). Whilst this currently represents a relatively small portion of our sales in this region, at just under 20%, the consolidation of these distributor relationships under a single commercial lead going forwards should enable future growth opportunities to be realised more efficiently.

APAC

APAC revenues were recognised previously as part of International revenues. The revenue base in this region is dominated by Kelo-cote and Nizoral, which collectively accounted for approximately 90% of sales in the first half of 2020.

See-through sales across the APAC region as a whole were down 11% versus the prior year at GBP16.9m (H1 2019: GBP18.8m), primarily due to the reduction in Kelo-cote sales across the majority of countries in the region, with the exception of China which, as previously noted, benefited from a recovery in demand during the second quarter.

Nizoral sales remained stable, despite the impact of COVID-19, with the brand generating see-through sales of GBP9.8m (H1 2019: GBP10.0m).

AMER

This region comprises revenues previously disclosed under the US (including Canada) segment, together with revenues from South America, previously included as part of International revenues.

Sales in the AMER region were broadly in line with last year, with revenues for the first half of 2020 of GBP3.6m, down 3% versus the comparable period last year (H1 2019: GBP3.7m).

This is predominantly a consumer healthcare-focused region, the largest component of which is Vamousse. Whilst Vamousse sales in the US held up well, this was offset by weaker demand across our international distributor business in South America, in response to COVID-19.

Navigating the challenges of COVID-19

Supporting our Employees

In common with the majority of established office-based businesses, we successfully transitioned to remote working as needed during the pandemic, with minimal disruption to the business.

Since the early stages of the pandemic, we have been carrying out regular bi-weekly surveys of all our colleagues to assess the impact that changes in their working environment have had on their productivity and on their physical, mental and cognitive health and wellbeing. In addition to helping to identify those employees requiring additional support, this process has provided an opportunity for the senior leadership team to learn what works best for everybody, with a view to building this into the design of our future ways of working. The results of this survey will shape the way we run our business in the future.

In addition to our regular monthly global company briefings, we introduced a second, less formal monthly opportunity for colleagues to come together and share their experiences during the pandemic, 'Alliance Connect', which also provides a forum for the senior leadership team to address employees' questions and concerns.

The nature of our business operations and continued performance have meant that we have not needed to make use of the UK government furlough scheme for any of our UK-based employees, or to make any redundancies, as a result of the pandemic.

Supporting our distributors

From the start of the pandemic, we increased the level of contact with our key distributors, understanding and supporting them through the challenges they faced in their businesses. This increased contact has been central to ensuring that we have good visibility of distributor stocking and sell-out and remain able to anticipate future changes in demand.

Increasing our digital focus to better support our customers

Pre-pandemic, digital was already an established and important sales channel for many of our consumer healthcare brands, with around 40% of our Chinese sales for Kelo-cote being facilitated by online platforms. In Europe and North America, Amazon forms a key element of our marketing strategy - not only for revenue generation, but also for generating positive reviews to drive product recommendations. In common with many consumer-facing businesses, the pandemic has resulted in an overall shift to online sales platforms, particularly for consumer healthcare brands such as Ashton & Parsons, MacuShield and Kelo-cote.

For 2021, we are looking at further developing our e-commerce strategy in Japan & Latin America and will also be looking to roll out our global Digital Excellence training programme across our key consumer healthcare brands.

Managing our financial exposure

We entered the pandemic with a strong balance sheet, just under GBP18m of cash and an undrawn commitment of GBP86m on our Revolving Credit Facility at 31 December 2019. By the end of June 2020, our cash on hand had increased to GBP20.5m, and our net debt had reduced by GBP7.0m to GBP52.2m, with a consequential reduction in leverage, due to continued strong cash generation.

Managing our supply chain

We have maintained a close dialogue with our suppliers throughout and continue to monitor our supplier base for early indications of any operational or financial distress. We have also purchased high risk/more specialised active pharmaceutical ingredients and componentry for our most important products, to secure production through to the end of 2020 and, where appropriate, into 2021. In light of this, we are confident in our ability to continue to supply products to meet distributor forecasts / expected market demand across all the markets in which we operate.

Supporting healthcare professionals

Recognising the toll that constant handwashing was taking on healthcare professionals' (HCPs) hands, our UK sales team offered them Hydromol (TM) , an emollient product for the treatment of eczema, free of charge, which received a very positive response. The team are now looking at other ways our products could potentially be used to support HCPs in their new ways of working.

Supporting our communities

We recognise that for many charities, the impacts of the pandemic have been devastating, restricting their ability to fundraise whilst at the same time increasing the demand for their services. We therefore took the decision early on to switch our original planned charity initiatives for 2020, which were focused on providing practical support to charities, to providing financial support to a local charity in each of our office locations which needed help to enable them to better support those impacted by COVID-19. To date, we have donated more than GBP100,000 to five charities in five different countries, to support them in delivering their services through the pandemic.

Operational review

We continue to monitor closely the progress of the Brexit trade negotiations to ensure we are able to maintain continuity of supply, irrespective of the timings or nature of the trade agreements reached with the EU with regard to Consumer Healthcare products and Prescription Medicines.

We continue to progress with the development of our ERP system and are now expecting this to go live in H1 2021. Once implemented, it will deliver business benefits and scale-up capability through the standardisation of processes.

Our new global Sales & Operations Planning (S&OP) process is now fully embedded in the business and has proved invaluable in helping us to manage the demand fluctuations caused by COVID-19 and to secure the supply of product though the remainder of 2020 and into 2021.

People

Alliance currently employs more than 200 people in 10 locations around the world; all committed to the successful delivery of Alliance's vision.

We recognise that great results can only be achieved through the combined efforts of our dedicated team of colleagues around the globe, our partners and customers, and through the strong collaborative culture that we have built within Alliance.

It is this 'can do' culture that has enabled the Group to come through the initial phase of the pandemic so strongly. Over the past few months, there have been numerous examples of our employees 'going the extra mile' and thinking creatively to ensure that our products continue to be available to consumers and patients who need them, overcoming the challenges that remote working has brought, and continuing to deliver great results for the business.

On behalf of the Board, I would like to take this opportunity to extend my sincere thanks to all those who have worked so hard to deliver a very creditable performance for Alliance in the first half of 2020, in these unprecedented and challenging times.

Acquisitions

Our acquisition strategy remains unchanged and we continue to review a number of acquisition opportunities, focused on adding selectively to our portfolio, as suitable opportunities arise, with a focus on augmenting our consumer healthcare brands where we already have a presence. Our strong cash generation in 2019, and significant available credit facilities leave us well-placed to pursue this element of our strategy.

Current trading and outlook

Whilst inevitably challenging, the past few months have proved the robustness and resilience of our product portfolio, our business model, and our people.

The second half of the year has started well and, whilst the global uncertainty created by COVID-19 is likely to continue for some time, based on current management forecasts and trading in the year to date, the Board expects full year results to be in line with market expectations.

Operationally, the priorities for the Group remain unchanged: continuing to invest in our consumer healthcare brands in order to deliver organic growth and completing the transition of Nizoral, which will enable us to benefit from the increased control we will have over the brand and its future direction as the marketing authorisations in each of the territories transfer .

We continue to look for opportunities to selectively add to our portfolio, with a focus on augmenting our consumer healthcare brands in international markets where we already have a presence.

Peter Butterfield

Chief Executive Officer

22 September 2020

FINANCIAL REVIEW

Summary underlying income statement

 
 Unaudited six months ended 30 June        H1 2020   H1 2019   Growth 
                                              GBPm      GBPm 
 See-through Revenue*                         65.3      70.3      -7% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Statutory Revenue                            61.7      66.0      -7% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Gross profit                                 38.6      41.3      -7% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Operating expenses                         (20.5)    (22.5)      -9% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Underlying EBITDA*                           18.1      18.8      -4% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Underlying depreciation & amortisation      (0.8)     (1.1)     -27% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Underlying EBIT*                             17.2      17.7      -2% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Finance costs                               (1.0)     (2.5)     -61% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Underlying profit before taxation            16.3      15.2      +7% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Reported profit before taxation               0.6      15.2     -96% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Underlying basic earnings per share         2.45p     2.34p      +5% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Reported basic earnings per share         (0.33)p     2.34p    -114% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 Interim dividend per share                 0.536p    0.536p       0% 
----------------------------------------  --------  --------  ------- 
 

* The performance of the Group is assessed using Alternative Performance Measures ("APMs"), which are measures that are not defined under IFRS, but are used by management to monitor ongoing business performance against both shorter term budgets and forecasts and against the Group's longer term strategic plans. APMs are defined in note 17.

Specifically, see-through revenue includes sales from Nizoral(TM) as if they had been invoiced by Alliance. Under the terms of the transitional services agreement with Johnson & Johnson (J&J), Alliance receives the benefit of the net profit on sales of Nizoral from the date of acquisition up until the product licences in the Asia-Pacific territories transfer from J&J to Alliance. For statutory accounting purposes the product margin on Nizoral sales is included within Revenue, in line with IFRS 15.

Underlying profitability metrics are presented as we believe this provides investors with useful information about the performance of the business. For 2020, underlying results exclude the amortisation and impairment of intangible assets; for 2019, there were no non-underlying items and underlying results were the same as total results. Further detail can be found in note 6.

The Group delivered a robust financial performance in the first half of 2020, given the trading challenges it faced as a result of COVID-19, with see-through revenues decreasing only 7% to GBP65.3m (H1 2019: GBP70.3m) and statutory revenues decreasing by a similar amount to GBP61.7m (H1 2019: GBP66.0m). However, lower interest and financing costs resulted in underlying profit before taxation increasing 7% to GBP16.3m (H1 2019: GBP15.2m).

Group revenues were only minimally impacted by exchange rate movements, which benefited by approximately GBP0.3m versus the same period last year due to the weakening of Sterling against the US Dollar.

Gross profit decreased by a similar percentage to sales at 7% to GBP38.6m (H1 2019: GBP41.3m), with gross margin increasing very slightly from 58.8% to 59.1% of see-through revenue. Gross margin relative to statutory revenue was 62.5% (H1 2019: 62.6%).

Operating costs (defined as underlying administration and marketing expenses, excluding underlying depreciation, amortisation and impairment charges) were down by GBP1.8m versus the first half of 2019 at GBP19.9m (H1 2019: GBP21.7m), due to slight reductions in sales and marketing costs, and other discretionary spend, in response to COVID-19. As a result, operating costs as a percentage of sales reduced 0.3% to 30.5% of see-through sales (H1 2019: 30.8%).

The IFRS2 share options charge for the first half of 2020 was GBP0.6m, down GBP0.3m versus that for the same period last year (H1 2019: GBP0.9m).

As a result of the reduction in operating costs, the impact on underlying earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) was much smaller, with first half EBITDA down 4% to GBP18.1m (H1 2019: GBP18.8m), whilst underlying operating profit decreased by 2% to GBP17.2m (H1 2019: GBP17.7m) and reported operating profit decreased 91% to GBP1.6m (H1 2019: GBP17.7m).

Underlying depreciation, amortisation and impairment charges

Underlying depreciation, amortisation and impairment charges for the first half of 2020 were GBP0.8m, down GBP0.3m on the prior year (H1 2019: GBP1.1m). Following changes in the accounting policy regarding classification of non-underlying items as set out below, for 2020 this charge relates purely to depreciation.

Finance costs

Finance costs were down by GBP1.5m compared with the same period last year, at GBP1.0m (H1 2019: GBP2.5m), GBP0.5m of which related to a reduction in borrowing costs, reflecting both a lower level of borrowings and a reduction in the interest charge as a consequence of reductions in variable interest rates. The remainder related primarily to currency movements - in the first half of 2019, there was an adverse impact from currency movements of GBP0.2m, coupled with a GBP0.4m loss on derivatives; the first half of 2020 saw a favourable impact from currency movements of GBP0.6m, partially offset by a loss on derivatives of GBP0.1m.

The average interest charge on gross debt during the period (including non-utilisation fees) was 2.78% (H1 2019: 3.12%).

Non-underlying items

As the Group continues its focus on its growing Consumer Healthcare portfolio, the Directors have considered the continuing appropriateness of using the indefinite useful lives accounting concept across the entire intangible brand asset portfolio.

For the majority of Consumer Healthcare brand assets, having regard to the expected long-term growth profile of the Consumer Healthcare business and the enduring nature of the brands, which are supported by ongoing marketing spend, the Directors have concluded that indefinite useful lives remain appropriate.

However, for Prescription Medicine brand assets, the Directors have decided to adopt finite useful lives of 20 years for all these assets effective from 1 January 2020. In arriving at this lifespan, the Directors took account of all relevant factors, including typical pharmaceutical product life cycles and the potential development of alternative treatments over time, and also the policies adopted by our peer group.

As a result of this change in estimated useful lives, the carrying value of the Prescription Medicine and certain other brand assets will be amortised to the profit and loss account over their useful lives, generating an annual non-cash amortisation charge of GBP7.2m in 2020 and for subsequent years.

The Group has also conducted impairment reviews for all intangible brand assets. These reviews, together with the change in useful life assumption for Prescription Medicine assets, have resulted in some non-cash impairments, as detailed in note 6.

The Group has also updated its classification policy for non-underlying items. Following this update all amortisation and impairment charges will be included as non-underlying items for 2020 and subsequent years, in line with the general market treatment. This change has been made to enable users to better understand the financial performance and position of the Group from one period to the next, and to facilitate comparison with its peer group, the majority of whom also exclude amortisation and impairment from their underlying results.

Reconciliation of underlying to reported profit before tax

 
 Unaudited six months ended 30 June       H1 2020   H1 2019 
                                            GBPm      GBPm 
 Underlying profit before taxation         16.3      15.2 
---------------------------------------  --------  -------- 
 Non-underlying items: 
---------------------------------------  --------  -------- 
   Amortisation of intangible assets       (3.6) 
---------------------------------------  --------  -------- 
   Impairment of intangible assets and 
    goodwill                              (12.1) 
---------------------------------------  --------  -------- 
 Total                                    (15.6)       - 
---------------------------------------  --------  -------- 
 Reported profit before taxation            0.6      15.2 
---------------------------------------  --------  -------- 
 

Taxation

The underlying tax charge for the period was GBP3.3m (H1 2019; GBP3.0m), which represents an effective tax rate in line with last year of 20.0% (H1 2019: 19.9%). The total tax charge for the period was GBP2.4m (H1 2019: GBP3.0m).

Earnings per share

Underlying basic earnings per share, the measure used by the Board in assessing earnings performance, was 2.45p, an increase of 5% on the corresponding period last year (H1 2019: 2.34p), and reflects the increase in the Group's underlying profit after tax, coupled with a modest increase in the number of shares in issue.

Reported basic earnings per share reduced by 114% to (0.33)p (H1 2019: 2.34p) due to the impact of non-underlying items on reported earnings for the first half of 2020.

Dividend

The Board is pleased to announce that, after suspending the final dividend payment for 2019 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, it is declaring an interim dividend payment of 0.536p per share for 2020, in line with that for 2019. The Board will continue to assess the level of future cash distributions having regard to overall business performance and future outlook, in light of the global uncertainty created by COVID-19.

The interim dividend for 2020 will be paid on 7 January 2021, to shareholders on the register on 18 December 2020.

Balance sheet

Intangible assets reduced by GBP11.6m during the first half of 2020 to GBP317.0m (31 December 2019: GBP328.7m) following the change in accounting estimate for intangibles noted above; the non-underlying impairments of GBP12.1m and amortisation charges of GBP3.6m, being offset by GBP4.7m of revaluation adjustments due to exchange rate movements.

Further detail is provided in note 6.

Working capital

The Group continued to maintain good control of its working capital during the first half of the year, despite the challenges of COVID-19, with total net working capital at 30 June 2020 of GBP29.0m, an increase of GBP4.3m on that at the start of the period (31 December 2019: GBP24.7m).

Inventories, net of provisions, amounted to GBP18.2m as at 30 June 2020, up GBP2.7m since the start of the year (31 December 2019: GBP15.5m), reflecting the purchase of additional finished goods inventory, raw materials and componentry to mitigate against any manufacturing and supply challenges in the wake of COVID-19 and to secure future product supply.

Receivables decreased by GBP1.8m, reflecting the decline in revenues, whilst payables decreased by GBP3.5m, reflecting the lower level of operating spend.

Cash flow and net debt

Free cash flow remained strong at GBP10.5m (H1 2019: GBP14.5m), leading to a GBP7.0m reduction in net debt in the period, to GBP52.2m at 30 June 2020 (31 December 2019: GBP59.2m).

As a result of this continued strong cash generation, leverage (adjusted net debt / EBITDA) reduced to 1.34 times at the end of June 2020 (31 December 2019: 1.48 times) and we expect a further reduction in leverage during the second half of the year.

Treasury and capital management

The Group's operations are financed by retained earnings and bank borrowings, with additional equity being raised on a periodic basis to finance larger acquisitions. Borrowings are denominated in Sterling, Euro and US Dollars.

Group risk management policy is to hedge up to 75% of estimated future foreign currency EBITDA exposure, for up to the next 18 months at any point in time. The Group uses forward foreign exchange contracts to implement this policy which are generally designated as cash flow hedges.

In June 2020, the Group exercised its option to secure a 12-month extension to its GBP165m Revolving Credit Facility, on the same terms, and now runs through to July 2024. This facility provides flexibility for the Group to pursue its acquisition strategy over the next few years, to complement future organic growth.

Andrew Franklin

Chief Financial Officer

22 September 2020

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT

For the six months ended 30 June 2020

 
                                             Unaudited                              Unaudited 
                                          Six months ended                       Six months ended 
                                            30 June 2020                           30 June 2019 
                                ====================================  ===================================== 
                                Underlying  Non-Underlying            Underlying  Non-Underlying 
                                   GBP000s         GBP000s               GBP000s         GBP000s 
                          Note                       (Note     Total                       (Note      Total 
                                                        6)   GBP000s                          6)    GBP000s 
==============================  ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Revenue                        4    61,708               -    61,708      66,007               -     66,007 
Cost of sales                     (23,117)               -  (23,117)    (24,691)               -   (24,691) 
=============================   ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Gross profit                        38,591               -    38,591      41,316               -     41,316 
=============================   ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Operating expenses 
Administration and marketing 
 expenses                         (20,747)               -  (20,747)    (22,402)               -   (22,402) 
Amortisation of intangible 
 assets                        6         -         (3,577)   (3,577)       (107)               -      (107) 
Impairment of goodwill 
 and intangible assets         6         -        (12,057)  (12,057)       (284)               -      (284) 
Share-based employee 
 remuneration                        (595)               -     (595)       (855)               -      (855) 
 
Operating profit/(loss)             17,249        (15,634)     1,615      17,668               -     17,668 
=============================   ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Finance costs 
Interest payable and 
 similar charges               5   (1,558)               -   (1,558)     (2,287)               -    (2,287) 
=============================   ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Finance income/(costs)         5       572               -       572       (221)               -      (221) 
=============================   ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
                                     (986)               -     (986)     (2,508)               -    (2,508) 
=============================   ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Profit/(loss) before taxation       16,263        (15,634)       629      15,160               -     15,160 
==============================  ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Taxation                       7   (3,253)             856   (2,397)     (3,018)               -    (3,018) 
=============================   ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Profit/(loss) for the period 
 attributable to equity 
 shareholders                       13,010        (14,778)   (1,768)      12,142               -     12,142 
==============================  ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
Earnings per share 
Basic (pence)                  9      2.45                    (0.33)        2.34                       2.34 
Diluted (pence)                9      2.42                    (0.33)        2.30                       2.30 
=============================   ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ========= 
 

Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

For the six months ended 30 June 2020

 
                                                 Unaudited      Unaudited 
                                                Six months     Six months 
                                                     ended          ended 
                                              30 June 2020   30 June 2019 
                                                   GBP000s        GBP000s 
===========================================  =============  ============= 
(Loss)/profit for the period                       (1,768)         12,142 
Other comprehensive income 
Items that may be reclassified to profit 
 or loss: 
Interest rate swaps - cash flow hedge (net 
 of deferred tax)                                     (10)           (69) 
Forward exchange forward contracts - cash 
 flow hedge (net of deferred tax)                    (762)              - 
Foreign exchange translation differences 
 (net of deferred tax)                               2,863            224 
===========================================  =============  ============= 
Total comprehensive income for the period              323         12,297 
===========================================  =============  ============= 
 

Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet

As at 30 June 2020

 
                                                             Audited 
                                             Unaudited   31 December 
                                          30 June 2020          2019 
                                   Note        GBP000s       GBP000s 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
Assets 
Non-current assets 
Goodwill and intangible 
 assets                              10        317,040       328,660 
Property, plant and equipment        11         12,736        11,554 
Deferred tax asset                               1,710         1,710 
Other non-current assets                           685           676 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
                                               332,171       342,600 
Current assets 
Inventories                                     18,191        15,518 
Trade and other receivables          12         29,184        30,992 
Derivative financial instruments                     -           697 
Cash and cash equivalents                       20,524        17,830 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
                                                67,899        65,037 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
Total assets                                   400,070       407,637 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
Equity 
Ordinary share capital                           5,311         5,294 
Share premium account                          149,732       149,036 
Share option reserve                             7,718         7,208 
Other reserve                                    (329)         (329) 
Cash flow hedging reserve                        (310)           462 
Translation reserve                              2,859           (4) 
Retained earnings                              107,908       112,513 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
Total equity                                   272,889       274,180 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
Liabilities 
Non-current liabilities 
Loans and borrowings                 15         72,743        77,040 
Other liabilities                    14          2,329         2,401 
Deferred tax liability                          30,696        29,810 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
                                               105,768       109,251 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
Current liabilities 
Corporation tax                                  2,819         2,344 
Trade and other payables             13         18,363        21,815 
Derivative financial instruments                   231            47 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
                                                21,413        24,206 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
Total liabilities                              127,181       133,457 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
Total equity and liabilities                   400,070       407,637 
=================================  ====  =============  ============ 
 

Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

For the six months ended 30 June 2020

 
                                                                   Unaudited 
                                                      Unaudited   Six months 
                                                     Six months        ended 
                                                          ended      30 June 
                                                   30 June 2020         2019 
                                            Note        GBP000s      GBP000s 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Operating activities 
Profit for the period before tax                            629       15,160 
Interest payable and similar charges           5          1,558        2,287 
Interest income                                5           (10)         (13) 
Foreign exchange (gain)/loss                   5          (562)          234 
Depreciation of property, plant 
 and equipment                                11            831          745 
Amortisation and impairment of 
 intangible assets                            10         15,634          391 
Loss on disposal of intangibles                             309            - 
Share-based employee remuneration                           595          855 
Change in inventories                                   (2,674)        2,247 
Change in trade and other receivables                     1,798        1,743 
Change in trade and other payables                      (1,687)      (4,467) 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Cash generated from operations                           16,421       19,182 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Tax paid                                                (1,964)      (1,283) 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Cash flows from operating activities                     14,457       17,899 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Investing activities 
Interest received                              5             10           13 
Development costs capitalised                                 -          (8) 
Purchase of property, plant and 
 equipment                                    11        (1,949)      (1,680) 
Proceeds from the disposal of intangibles                   385            - 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Net cash used in investing activities                   (1,554)      (1,675) 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Financing activities 
Interest paid and similar charges                       (1,974)      (1,721) 
Loan issue costs                              15          (330)            - 
Proceeds from exercise of share 
 options                                                    712          395 
Capital lease payments                                    (426)        (375) 
Dividend paid                                  8        (2,837)      (2,524) 
Repayment of borrowings                       15        (5,930)      (6,359) 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Net cash used in financing activities                  (10,785)     (10,584) 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Net movement in cash and cash equivalents                 2,118        5,640 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning 
 of period                                               17,830       10,893 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Effects of exchange rate movements                          576         (65) 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
Cash and cash equivalents at end 
 of period                                               20,524       16,468 
==========================================  ====  =============  =========== 
 

Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

For the six months ended 30 June 2020

 
                                                                        Cash 
                            Ordinary     Share     Share                flow 
                               Share   Premium    Option     Other   Hedging   Translation   Retained     Total 
                             Capital   account   reserve   reserve   reserve       reserve   earnings    Equity 
                             GBP000s   GBP000s   GBP000s   GBP000s   GBP000s       GBP000s    GBP000s   GBP000s 
====================================  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Balance 1 January 
 2020 (audited)                5,294   149,036     7,208     (329)       462           (4)    112,513   274,180 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Issue of shares                   17       696         -         -         -             -          -       713 
Dividend paid                      -         -         -         -         -             -    (2,837)   (2,837) 
Share options charge 
 (including deferred 
 tax)                              -         -       510         -         -             -          -       510 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Transactions with 
 owners                           17       696       510         -         -             -    (2,837)   (1,614) 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Loss for the period                -         -         -                   -             -    (1,768)   (1,768) 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Other comprehensive income 
==============================================  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Interest rate swaps 
 - 
 cash flow hedge (net 
 of deferred tax)                  -         -         -         -      (10)             -          -      (10) 
Foreign exchange forward 
 contracts - cash flow 
 hedge (net of deferred 
 tax)                              -         -         -         -     (762)             -          -     (762) 
Foreign exchange translation 
 differences                       -         -         -         -         -         2,863          -     2,863 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Total comprehensive 
 income for the period             -         -         -         -     (772)         2,863    (1,768)       323 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Balance 30 June 2020 
 (unaudited)                   5,311   149,732     7,718     (329)     (310)         2,859    107,908   272,889 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
 
 
                                                                        Cash 
                            Ordinary     Share     Share                flow 
                               Share   Premium    Option     Other   Hedging   Translation   Retained     Total 
                             Capital   account   reserve   reserve   reserve       reserve   earnings    Equity 
                             GBP000s   GBP000s   GBP000s   GBP000s   GBP000s       GBP000s    GBP000s   GBP000s 
====================================  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Balance 1 January 
 2019 (audited)                5,182   144,639     6,121     (329)       (4)         1,491     95,099   252,199 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Issue of shares                   17       378         -         -         -             -          -       395 
Dividend payable/paid              -         -         -         -         -             -    (7,596)   (7,596) 
Share options charge 
 (including deferred 
 tax)                              -         -       651         -         -             -          -       651 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Transactions with 
 owners                           17       378       651         -         -             -    (7,596)   (6,550) 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Profit for the period              -         -         -         -         -             -     12,142    12,142 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Other comprehensive income 
==============================================  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Interest rate swaps 
 - 
 cash flow hedge (net 
 of deferred tax)                  -         -         -         -      (69)             -          -      (69) 
Foreign exchange translation 
 differences                       -         -         -         -         -           224          -       224 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Total comprehensive 
 income for the period             -         -         -         -      (69)           224     12,142    12,297 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
Balance 30 June 2019 
 (unaudited)                   5,199   145,017     6,772     (329)      (73)         1,715     99,645   257,946 
=============================  =====  ========  ========  ========  ========  ============  =========  ======== 
 

Notes to the Half Year Report

For the six months ended 30 June 2020

1. General information

Alliance Pharma plc ('the Company') and its subsidiaries (together 'the Group') acquire, market, and distribute consumer healthcare products and prescription medicines. The Company is a public limited company, limited by shares, registered, incorporated, and domiciled in England and Wales in the UK. The address of its registered office is Avonbridge House, Bath Road, Chippenham, Wiltshire, SN15 2BB.

The Company is listed on the London Stock Exchange, Alternative Investment Market (AIM).

The information in these financial statements does not constitute statutory accounts as defined in section 434 of the Companies Act 2006 and is unaudited. These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the AIM rules, and IAS 34 has not been adopted. A copy of the Group's statutory accounts for the year ended 31 December 2019, prepared under International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union, has been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The auditors' report on those accounts was unqualified and did not contain statements under section 498(2) or section 498(3) of the Companies Act 2006.

These consolidated financial statements for the six-month period ended 30 June 2020 have been approved for issue by the Board of Directors on 22 September 2020.

2. Going Concern

The Group has access to a GBP165m fully Revolving Credit Facility ('RCF'), with an additional GBP50m accordion facility. During the period the length of this facility was extended by one year to July 2024, with other terms remaining unchanged.

The RCF is drawn in short to medium-term tranches of debt which are repayable within 12 months of draw-down. These tranches of debt can be rolled over provided certain conditions are met, including covenant compliance. The Group considers that it is highly unlikely it would be unable to exercise its right to roll-over the debt. This is due to mitigating actions it could take to maintain compliance with these conditions, including future covenant requirements, even in downside scenarios.

The directors have prepared cashflow forecasts for a period of 12 months from the date of approval of these financial statements (the forecast period). These indicate that the Group will have sufficient funds, given the RCF financing available, to meet its liabilities as they fall due for that period.

The cashflow forecasts include the current estimated impact of COVID-19. The Directors have also considered further potential implications of COVID-19 by modelling severe but plausible downside scenarios. These include a severe but plausible scenario in which the level of trade seen in Q2 2020 continues for the remainder of the financial year, reflecting the impact on the Group if global lockdown conditions continue. The scenarios indicate that the Group will have sufficient funds to meet its liabilities as they fall due, and will continue to comply with its loan covenants, throughout the forecast period.

Consequently, the Directors are confident that the Group will have sufficient funds to continue to meet its liabilities as they fall due for at least 12 months from the date of approval of the financial statements and have therefore determined it is appropriate to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements.

3. Accounting policies

Judgements and estimates

As part of the 2020 strategic review, the Group has determined its portfolio of assets can be segregated into two areas: Consumer Healthcare brands and Prescription Medicines.

Following this determination, the Directors have considered the continuing appropriateness of indefinite useful lives which have previously been adopted across the intangible brand asset portfolio.

For the majority of Consumer Healthcare brand assets, indefinite useful lives have been judged to remain appropriate. This due to the expected long-term growth profile of the Consumer Healthcare business and the enduring nature of the brands, which are supported by continuing marketing spend.

For Prescription Medicine brand assets, finite useful lives of up to 20 years have been adopted from 1 January 2020. The determination of this lifespan takes into account all relevant factors for each individual asset, including typical pharmaceutical asset life cycles and the potential development of alternative treatments over time.

As a result of this change in estimate for 2020 and subsequent years, the carrying value of the Prescription Medicine and certain other brand assets will be amortised to the profit and loss account over their useful lives. This generates an annual non-cash amortisation charge of GBP7.2m.

The Group has conducted impairment reviews for all intangible brand assets. These reviews, together with the change in useful life assumption for Prescription Medicine assets, have resulted in a number of impairments as detailed in note 6.

Non-underlying items

The Group has updated its classification policy for non-underlying items (note 6). Following the update, all amortisation and impairment charges for intangible assets will be included as non-underlying items for 2020 and subsequent years. This policy is in line with the majority of peer companies of the Group.

The Directors believe that this classification of underlying and non-underlying items, when considered together with total statutory results, provides investors, analysts and other stakeholders with helpful complementary information to understand better the financial performance and position of the Group from period to period, and allows the Group's performance to be more easily compared against the majority of its peer companies. These measures are also used by management for planning and reporting purposes. They may not be directly comparable with similarly described measures used by other companies.

Other accounting policies

The remaining accounting policies applied in these interim financial statements are the same as those published by the Group in the 31 December 2019 Annual Report. The Annual report is available on the Group's website: www.alliancepharmaceuticals.com.

4. Revenue

 
                                                   Unaudited    Unaudited 
                                                  Six months   Six months 
                                                    ended 30     ended 30 
                                                   June 2020    June 2019 
Revenue information by brand                         GBP000s      GBP000s 
===============================================  ===========  =========== 
Consumer healthcare International Star brands: 
Kelo-cote                                             14,181       13,143 
Nizoral*                                               6,209        5,702 
MacuShield                                             2,837        4,666 
Vamousse                                               3,217        3,080 
===============================================  ===========  =========== 
                                                      26,444       26,591 
Other consumer healthcare brands: 
===============================================  ===========  =========== 
Aloclair                                               4,553        4,371 
Oxyplastine                                            2,215        2,078 
Ashton & Parsons                                       1,815        1,207 
Other consumer healthcare brands                       5,165        6,372 
===============================================  ===========  =========== 
Total Revenue - Consumer healthcare brands            40,192       40,619 
===============================================  ===========  =========== 
Prescription medicines: 
Hydromol                                               3,300        3,356 
Flamma Franchise                                       2,897        3,856 
Forceval                                               2,322        2,048 
Optiflo                                                1,578        1,503 
Ametop                                                   641        1,002 
Other prescription medicines                          10,778       13,623 
===============================================  ===========  =========== 
Total Revenue - Prescription medicines                21,516       25,388 
===============================================  ===========  =========== 
Total Revenue                                         61,708       66,007 
===============================================  ===========  =========== 
 
 
                                          Unaudited 
                                         Six months    Unaudited 
                                              ended   Six months 
                                            30 June     ended 30 
                                               2020    June 2019 
Revenue information by geography            GBP000s      GBP000s 
======================================  ===========  =========== 
Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA)        44,791       47,724 
Asia Pacific and China (APAC)                13,299       14,569 
Americas (AMER)                               3,618        3,714 
======================================  ===========  =========== 
Total Revenue                                61,708       66,007 
======================================  ===========  =========== 
 

* Nizoral is shown on a net profit basis in statutory revenue. Nizoral revenue presented on a see-through income statement basis is included as an alternative performance measure in note 17.

5. Finance costs

 
                                         Unaudited    Unaudited 
                                        Six months   Six months 
                                          ended 30     ended 30 
                                         June 2020    June 2019 
                                           GBP000s      GBP000s 
=====================================  ===========  =========== 
On loans and overdrafts                    (1,139)      (1,634) 
Amortised finance issue costs                (267)        (233) 
Net fair value losses on derivatives         (109)        (377) 
Interest on lease liabilities                 (43)         (43) 
=====================================  ===========  =========== 
Interest payable and similar charges       (1,558)      (2,287) 
=====================================  ===========  =========== 
Interest income                                 10           13 
Net exchange gain/(loss)                       562        (234) 
=====================================  ===========  =========== 
Finance income/(costs)                         572        (221) 
=====================================  ===========  =========== 
Net finance costs                            (986)      (2,508) 
=====================================  ===========  =========== 
 

6. Non-underlying items

The Group presents a number of non-IFRS measures which exclude the impact of significant non-underlying items. This is to allow investors to understand the underlying performance of the Group, and can exclude items such as: amortisation and impairment of intangibles; gains or losses on disposal; remeasurement and accounting for the passage of time in respect of contingent considerations; and the revaluation of deferred tax balances following substantial tax legislation changes.

This assessment requires judgement to be applied by the Directors as to which transactions are non-underlying and whether this classification enhances the understanding of the users of the financial statements.

 
                                                  Unaudited    Unaudited 
                                                 Six months   Six months 
                                                   ended 30     ended 30 
                                                  June 2020    June 2019 
                                                    GBP000s      GBP000s 
==============================================  ===========  =========== 
Amortisation of intangible assets                     3,577            - 
Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets         12,057            - 
==============================================  ===========  =========== 
Total non-underlying items before taxation           15,634            - 
==============================================  ===========  =========== 
Taxation on amortisation and impairment items       (2,298)            - 
Impact of UK tax rate change from 17% to 
 19%                                                  1,442            - 
==============================================  ===========  =========== 
Non-underlying taxation                               (856)            - 
==============================================  ===========  =========== 
Total non-underlying items after taxation            14,778            - 
==============================================  ===========  =========== 
 

Amortisation of intangible assets

As disclosed in note 3, finite useful lives of up to 20 years have been adopted from 1 January 2020 for Prescription medicine and certain other brand assets. As a result of this change in estimate for 2020, and subsequent years, the carrying value of the Prescription medicine and certain other brand assets will be amortised to the profit and loss account over their useful lives. This generates an annual amortisation charge of GBP7.2m.

Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets

The Group has conducted impairment reviews for all intangible assets. These reviews, together with the change in useful life assumption for Prescription Medicine assets, have resulted in impairment losses as the carrying value of certain cash-generating units exceeded estimated recoverable amounts. Recoverable amounts are the greater of value in use and fair value less costs to sell over the assets' useful lives.

The key Prescription Medicine assets impacted are:

Haemopressin and Optiflo intangible asset impaired by GBP5.3m (GBP0.7m due to market factors and GBP4.6m due to the change in accounting estimate).

Nu-seals intangible asset impaired by GBP3.6m (GBP2.9m due to market factors and GBP0.7m due to the change in accounting estimate).

Goodwill and other intangible assets have also been impaired by GBP3.2m (GBP2.9m due to market factors and GBP0.3m due to the change in accounting estimate).

Impact of UK tax rate change from 17% to 19%

A change to the UK corporation tax rate was announced in the Chancellor's Budget on 16 March 2016, reducing the main rate from 19% to 17% from 1 April 2020. This commitment was abandoned in the Budget on 11 March 2020. As this change was substantively enacted on 17 March 2020, the effect is included in these financial statements as a non-underlying item.

7. Taxation

Analysis of charge for the period is as follows:

 
                             Unaudited                             Unaudited 
                         Six months ended 30                   Six months ended 30 
                              June 2020                             June 2019 
=============   ====================================  ==================================== 
                            Non-Underlying                        Non-Underlying 
                                   GBP000s                               GBP000s 
                Underlying           (Note     Total  Underlying           (Note     Total 
                   GBP000s              6)   GBP000s     GBP000s              6)   GBP000s 
==============  ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ======== 
Corporation 
 tax                 2,439               -     2,439       2,916               -     2,916 
Deferred tax           814           (856)      (42)         102               -       102 
==============  ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ======== 
Taxation             3,253           (856)     2,397       3,018               -     3,018 
==============  ==========  ==============  ========  ==========  ==============  ======== 
 

The difference between the total tax charge and the amount calculated by applying the standard rate of UK corporation tax to profit before tax is as follows:

 
                                          Unaudited 
                            Unaudited    Six months 
                           Six months         ended 
                             ended 30       30 June 
                            June 2020          2019 
                              GBP000s       GBP000s 
=======================  ============  ============ 
Profit before taxation            629        15,160 
=======================  ============  ============ 
 
 
Profit before taxation multiplied by standard 
 rate of corporation tax in the United Kingdom 
 at 19% (2019: 19%)                                120  2,880 
Effects of : 
Non-deductible items and adjustments               163    138 
Non-qualifying amortisation and impairment         672      - 
UK rate change impact (note 6)                   1,442      - 
===============================================  =====  ===== 
Total tax charge                                 2,397  3,018 
===============================================  =====  ===== 
 

8. Dividends

The Board has declared an interim dividend payment of 0.536p per share for the 2020 financial year. This will be paid to shareholders in January 2021.

 
                                                              Six months 
                                                                   ended 
                                                                 30 June 
                                                                    2020 
                                                 Pence/share     GBP000s 
==============================================  ============  ========== 
Amounts recognised as distributions to owners 
 in 2020 
Interim dividend for the 2019 financial year           0.536       2,837 
==============================================  ============  ========== 
 

The interim dividend for 2019 was paid on 10 January 2020.

 
                                                             Six months 
                                                                  ended 
                                                                30 June 
                                                                   2019 
                                                Pence/share     GBP000s 
=============================================  ============  ========== 
Amounts recognised as distributions to owners in 2019 
===========================================================  ========== 
Interim dividend for the 2018 financial year          0.487       2,524 
Final dividend for the 2018 financial year            0.977       5,072 
=============================================  ============  ========== 
                                                                  7,596 
=============================================  ============  ========== 
 

The interim dividend for 2018 was paid on 10 January 2019. The final dividend for 2018 was paid on 11 July 2019.

9. Earnings per share (EPS)

Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the earnings attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of Ordinary Shares outstanding during the period. For diluted EPS, the weighted average number of Ordinary Shares in issue is adjusted to assume conversion of all dilutive potential Ordinary Shares.

A reconciliation of the weighted average number of Ordinary Shares used in the measures is given below:

 
                   Weighted average number 
                        of shares 000s 
================  ========================= 
                                 Six months 
                     Six months       ended 
                          ended     30 June 
                   30 June 2020        2019 
================  =============  ========== 
For basic EPS           530,303     518,516 
Share options             6,875      10,019 
================  =============  ========== 
For diluted EPS         537,178     528,535 
================  =============  ========== 
 
 
                                                           Six months 
                                               Six months          to 
                                                       to     30 June 
                                             30 June 2020        2019 
                                                  GBP000s     GBP000s 
==========================================  =============  ========== 
Earnings for basic and diluted EPS                (1,768)      12,142 
Non-underlying items (note 6)                      14,778           - 
==========================================  =============  ========== 
Earnings for underlying basic and diluted 
 EPS                                               13,010      12,142 
==========================================  =============  ========== 
 
   The resulting   EPS measures are: 
 
                                          Six months 
                             Six months           to 
                                     to      30 June 
                           30 June 2020         2019 
                                  Pence        Pence 
=======================  ==============  =========== 
Basic EPS                        (0.33)         2.34 
=======================  ==============  =========== 
Diluted EPS                      (0.33)         2.30 
=======================  ==============  =========== 
Underlying basic EPS               2.45         2.34 
=======================  ==============  =========== 
Underlying diluted EPS             2.42         2.30 
=======================  ==============  =========== 
 

10. Goodwill and intangible assets

 
                                                 Brands and 
                                               distribution 
                                    Goodwill         rights     Total 
                                     GBP000s        GBP000s   GBP000s 
==================================  ========  =============  ======== 
Cost 
At 1 January 2020 (audited)           16,532        323,541   340,073 
Disposals                                  -          (714)     (714) 
Exchange adjustments                       -          4,728     4,728 
==================================  ========  =============  ======== 
At 30 June 2020 (unaudited)           16,532        327,555   344,087 
==================================  ========  =============  ======== 
Amortisation and impairment 
At 1 January 2020 (audited)                -         11,413    11,413 
Impairment for the period (note 
 6)                                    1,144         10,913    12,057 
Amortisation for the period (note 
 6)                                        -          3,577     3,577 
==================================  ========  =============  ======== 
At 30 June 2020 (unaudited)            1,144         25,903    27,047 
==================================  ========  =============  ======== 
Net book amount 
At 30 June 2020 (unaudited)           15,388        301,652   317,040 
==================================  ========  =============  ======== 
At 1 January 2020 (audited)           16,532        312,128   328,660 
==================================  ========  =============  ======== 
 

11. Property, plant and equipment

 
                                                                               Right 
                                    Computer       Fixtures,                  of use 
                                    software         fitting         Plant     Lease 
                               and equipment   and equipment   & machinery    assets      Total 
The Group                            GBP000s         GBP000s       GBP000s   GBP000s    GBP000s 
============================  ==============  ==============  ============  ========  ========= 
Cost 
At 1 January 2020 (audited)            8,511           2,699            14     5,293     16,517 
Additions                              1,941               8             -        89      2,038 
Effect of movements in 
 exchange rates                         (21)             (4)             -         -       (25) 
============================  ==============  ==============  ============  ========  ========= 
At 30 June 2020 (unaudited)           10,431           2,703            14     5,382     18,530 
============================  ==============  ==============  ============  ========  ========= 
 
Depreciation 
At 1 January 2020 (audited)            1,172           1,200             4     2,587      4,963 
Provided in the period                   197             226             2       406        831 
============================  ==============  ==============  ============  ========  ========= 
At 30 June 2020 (unaudited)            1,369           1,426             6     2,993      5,794 
============================  ==============  ==============  ============  ========  ========= 
Net book amount 
At 30 June 2020 (unaudited)            9,062           1,277             8     2,389     12,736 
============================  ==============  ==============  ============  ========  ========= 
At 1 January 2020 (audited)            7,339           1,499            10     2,706     11,554 
============================  ==============  ==============  ============  ========  ========= 
 

12. Trade and other receivables

 
                                  Unaudited        Audited 
                                    30 June    31 December 
                                       2020           2019 
                                    GBP000s        GBP000s 
===============================  ==========  ============= 
Trade receivables                    21,422         23,987 
Other receivables                     2,640          2,522 
Prepayments and accrued income        5,122          4,483 
===============================  ==========  ============= 
                                     29,184         30,992 
===============================  ==========  ============= 
 

13. Trade and other payables

 
                                         Unaudited        Audited 
                                           30 June    31 December 
                                              2020           2019 
                                           GBP000s        GBP000s 
======================================  ==========  ============= 
Trade payables                               7,509          6,970 
Other taxes and social security costs        1,661          3,247 
Accruals and deferred income                 8,216         10,114 
Other payables                                 113            459 
Lease liabilities                              864          1,025 
======================================  ==========  ============= 
                                            18,363         21,815 
======================================  ==========  ============= 
 

14. Other non-current liabilities

 
                                 Unaudited        Audited 
                                   30 June    31 December 
                                      2020           2019 
                                   GBP000s        GBP000s 
==============================  ==========  ============= 
Lease liabilities                    1,894          1,997 
Other non-current liabilities          435            404 
==============================  ==========  ============= 
                                     2,329          2,401 
==============================  ==========  ============= 
 

15. Loans and borrowings

The Group has access to a GBP165m fully Revolving Credit Facility ('RCF'), with an additional GBP50m accordion facility. During the period the length of this facility was extended by one year to July 2024, with other terms remaining unchanged.

The bank facility is secured by a fixed and floating charge over the Company's and Group's assets registered with Companies House.

The Group also has access to an overdraft facility of GBP4.0m.

Movements in borrowings are analysed as follows:

 
                                           GBP000s 
=========================================  ======= 
At 1 January 2020 (audited)                 77,040 
Repayment of borrowings                    (5,930) 
Additional prepaid arrangement fees          (330) 
Amortisation of prepaid arrangement fees       267 
Exchange movements*                          1,696 
=========================================  ======= 
At 30 June 2020 (unaudited)                 72,743 
=========================================  ======= 
 

* Exchange movements on loans and borrowings are reported in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the translation reserve.

The carrying amount of the group's borrowings are denominated in the following currencies:

 
                    Unaudited        Audited 
                      30 June    31 December 
                         2020           2019 
                      GBP000s        GBP000s 
=================  ==========  ============= 
GBP                    49,491         54,792 
USD                    11,259         10,497 
EUR                    13,864         13,559 
Loan issue costs      (1,871)        (1,808) 
=================  ==========  ============= 
                       72,743         77,040 
=================  ==========  ============= 
 

16. Contingent liabilities

On 23 May 2019, the UK's Competition and Markets Authority ('CMA') issued a Statement of Objection alleging anti-competitive agreements against the Group and certain other pharmaceutical companies in relation to the sale of prescription prochlorperazine.

The Group has reviewed the CMA Statement of Objection in detail and is working with the CMA to resolve its alleged objections.

The Group's assessment as at 22 September 2020, based on currently available information, is that there are no matters for which a provision is required (31 December 2019: GBPnil). However, given the inherent uncertainties involved in assessing the outcomes of such matters there can be no assurance regarding the outcome of any ongoing inspections/investigations and the position could change over time.

17. Alternative performance measures

The performance of the Group is assessed using Alternative Performance Measures (APMs). The Group's results are presented both before and after non-underlying items. Adjusted profitability measures are presented excluding non-underlying items as we believe this provides both management and investors with useful additional information about the Group's performance and aids a more effective comparison of the Group's trading performance from one period to the next and with similar businesses.

In addition, the Group's results are described using certain other measures that are not defined under IFRS and are therefore considered to be APMs. These measures are used by management to monitor ongoing business performance against both shorter term budgets and forecasts but also against the Groups longer term strategic plans.

APMs used to explain and monitor Group performance are:

 
                                                                          Reconciliation 
Measure            Definition                                              to GAAP measure 
=================  =====================================================  ================ 
Underlying         Earnings before interest, tax and non-underlying       Note A below 
 EBIT and           items (EBIT), then depreciation, amortisation 
 EBITDA             and underlying impairment (EBITDA). 
                    Calculated by taking profit before tax and 
                    financing costs, excluding non-underlying 
                    items and adding back depreciation and amortisation. 
=================  =====================================================  ================ 
Free cash          Free cash flow is defined as cash generated            Note B below 
 flow               from operations less cash payments made for 
                    financing costs, capital expenditure and 
                    tax. 
=================  =====================================================  ================ 
Net debt           Net debt is defined as the group's gross               Note C below 
                    bank debt position net of finance issue costs 
                    and cash. 
=================  =====================================================  ================ 
See-through        Under the terms of the transitional services           Note D below 
 income statement   agreement with J&J, Alliance receives the 
                    benefit of the net profit on sales of Nizoral 
                    from the date of acquisition up until the 
                    product licences in the Asia-Pacific territories 
                    transfer from J&J to Alliance. The net product 
                    margin is recognised as part of statutory 
                    revenue. 
                    The see-through income statement recognises 
                    the underlying sales and cost of sales which 
                    give rise to the net product margin, as management 
                    consider this to be a more meaningful representation 
                    of the underlying performance of the business, 
                    and to reflect the way in which it is managed. 
=================  =====================================================  ================ 
 

A. Underlying EBIT and EBITDA

 
                                                 Unaudited    Unaudited 
                                                Six months   Six months 
                                                     ended        ended 
                                                   30 June      30 June 
                                                      2020         2019 
Reconciliation of Underlying EBIT and EBITDA       GBP000s      GBP000s 
=============================================  ===========  =========== 
Profit before tax                                      629       15,160 
Non-underlying items (note 6)                       15,634            - 
Net finance costs (note 5)                             986        2,508 
=============================================  ===========  =========== 
Underlying EBIT                                     17,249       17,668 
Depreciation (note 11)                                 831          745 
Underlying amortisation and impairment                   -          391 
=============================================  ===========  =========== 
Underlying EBITDA                                   18,080       18,804 
=============================================  ===========  =========== 
 

B. Free cash flow

 
                                     Unaudited    Unaudited 
                                    Six months   Six months 
                                         ended        ended 
                                       30 June      30 June 
                                          2020         2019 
Reconciliation of free cash flow       GBP000s      GBP000s 
=================================  ===========  =========== 
Cash generated from operations          16,421       19,182 
Financing costs                        (1,974)      (1,721) 
Capital expenditure                    (1,949)      (1,680) 
Tax paid                               (1,964)      (1,283) 
=================================  ===========  =========== 
Free cash flow                          10,534       14,498 
=================================  ===========  =========== 
 

C. Net debt

 
                                     Unaudited        Audited 
                                       30 June    31 December 
                                          2020           2019 
Reconciliation of net debt             GBP000s        GBP000s 
===================================  =========  ============= 
Loans and borrowings - non-current    (72,743)       (77,040) 
Cash and cash equivalents               20,524         17,830 
===================================  =========  ============= 
Net debt                              (52,219)       (59,210) 
===================================  =========  ============= 
 

D. See-through income statement

 
                        Unaudited                  Unaudited 
                       Six months                 Six months 
                            ended                      ended 
                          30 June                    30 June 
                             2020                       2020 
                        statutory  See-through   see-through 
                           values   adjustment        values 
                          GBP000s      GBP000s       GBP000s 
====================  ===========  ===========  ============ 
Revenue                    61,708        3,553        65,261 
Cost of sales            (23,117)      (3,553)      (26,670) 
====================  ===========  ===========  ============ 
Gross profit               38,591            -        38,591 
====================  ===========  ===========  ============ 
Gross profit margin         62.5%            -         59.1% 
====================  ===========  ===========  ============ 
 

There is no impact from the see-through adjustment on income statement lines below gross profit.

Summary of historical see-through revenues for the years ended 31 December 2017, 2018 and 2019 under the new and previously adopted classifications

 
 Audited years ended 31 December         2017        2018        2019 
                                     GBP'000s    GBP'000s    GBP'000s 
 Consumer Healthcare                   43,593      70,276      92,365 
 Prescription Medicines                58,051      53,766      51,913 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 See-through Revenue                  101,644     124,042     144,278 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 
 International Star brands             20,045      46,076      65,982 
 Local brands                          81,599      77,966      78,296 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 See-through Revenue                  101,644     124,042     144,278 
---------------------------------  ----------  ----------  ---------- 
 
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